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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Education Association

1997-1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Bart Gordon 86%
Gerald Kleczka 86%
Jim Moran, Jr. 86%
Constance Morella 86%
Owen Pickett 86%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 85%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 85%
William Clay, Sr. 85%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 85%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 85%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 85%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 85%
Robert Torricelli 85%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 85%
Ernest Hollings 84%
Charles Stenholm 83%
Christopher John 82%
Mike McIntyre 82%
Patsy Ann Danner 81%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 79%
Nancy Johnson 79%
James Traficant, Jr. 79%
John Breaux 78%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 78%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 76%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 76%
Robert Byrd 74%
Joe Lieberman 74%
Arlen Specter 74%
Gary Condit 71%
James Leach 70%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
John Chafee 63%
James Merrill Jeffords 63%
John McHugh 59%
Robert William Ney 59%
James Ramstad 59%
William Lipinski 57%
Benjamin Gilman 55%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 55%
Mike Castle 52%
Steve LaTourette 52%
Philip English 50%
Michael Patrick Forbes 50%
Stephen Horn 50%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Jack Quinn 50%
Bill Barrett 48%
Sue Kelly 48%
Marge Roukema 48%
Thomas Davis III 46%
Jim Saxton 46%
Ralph Regula 45%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 44%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Brian Bilbray 41%
Robert Franks 41%
John Ganske 41%
Wayne Gilchrest 41%
James Greenwood 41%
Rick Lazio 41%
Christopher Shays 41%
Olympia Snowe 41%
Gene Taylor 41%
Douglas Bereuter 39%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 39%
Jerry Lewis 39%
James Nussle 39%
John Edward Porter 39%
Mark Souder 39%
James Walsh 39%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 39%
Charlie Bass 38%
Thomas Campbell 38%
Vern Ehlers 38%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 38%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 38%
David Lee Hobson 38%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 38%
William Lewis Jenkins 38%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 38%
Anne Northup 38%
Deborah Pryce 38%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 38%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 38%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 38%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 38%
William Thomas 38%
SD U.S. Senate Sr John Thune Republican 38%
W. Curtis Weldon 38%
Gerald Weller 38%
Heather Wilson 38%
John Cooksey 37%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 37%
Edward Pease 37%
Wesley Watkins 37%
Jim Bunning 36%
Saxby Chambliss 36%
Ralph Hall 36%
Ray LaHood 36%
Ronald Packard 36%
Frank Wolf 36%
Ben Campbell 35%
Ron Paul 35%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 34%
Jo Ann Emerson 34%
Mark Foley 34%
Elton Gallegly 34%
Jim Gibbons 34%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 34%
J. Dennis Hastert 34%
Kenny Hulshof 34%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 34%
Joseph Knollenberg 34%
James Kolbe 34%
Tom Latham 34%
Robert Livingston 34%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 34%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 34%
Sue Myrick 34%
James Rogan 34%
Joseph Skeen 34%
Floyd Spence 34%
John Sununu 34%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 34%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 34%
Herbert Bateman 33%
Chris Cannon 33%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 33%
Randall Cunningham 33%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 33%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 33%
Gordon Smith 33%
Ted Stevens 33%
William Tauzin 33%
Bob Bennett 32%
Michael Bilirakis 32%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 32%
Steve Buyer 32%
George Gekas 32%
Ron Lewis 32%
James McCrery III 32%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 32%
E.G. Shuster 32%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 32%
Nick Smith 32%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 32%
Bill Young 32%
Richard Armey 31%
Herbert Callahan 31%
Dave Camp 31%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 31%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 31%
Barbara Cubin 31%
Jennifer Dunn 31%
Thomas Ewing 31%
Tillie Fowler 31%
William Goodling 31%
Porter Goss 31%
Gilbert Gutknecht 31%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 31%
Henry Hyde 31%
John Linder 31%
CO Commissioner 2 Scott McInnis 31%
Jack Metcalf 31%
Michael Oxley 31%
John Peterson 31%
Tom Petri 31%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 31%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 31%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 31%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 30%
Richard Hugh Baker 30%
Conrad Burns 30%
Dan Burton 30%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 30%
Merrill Cook 30%
Paul Coverdell 30%
Larry Craig 30%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 30%
William Frist 30%
Judd Gregg 30%
Duncan Hunter 30%
Kay Hutchison 30%
Trent Lott, Sr. 30%
Dick Lugar 30%
Connie Mack 30%
Bob Riley 30%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 30%
William Roth, Jr. 30%
Strom Thurmond 30%
John Warner 30%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 29%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 29%
Paul Gillmor 29%
Bill McCollum 29%
Charles Taylor 29%
Bill Archer 28%
Henry Bonilla 28%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 28%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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