Rating Group: National Education Association

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 39%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 22%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 12%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 34%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 25%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 28%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 21%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 96%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 96%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 92%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 96%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 28%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 90%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 93%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 11%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 96%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 28%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 85%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 93%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 21%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 97%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 96%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 19%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 44%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 31%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 36%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 24%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 79%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 96%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 21%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 93%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 26%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 34%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 39%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 89%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 89%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 86%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 38%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 89%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 30%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 34%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 22%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 27%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 32%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 38%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 96%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 93%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 96%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 93%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 93%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 86%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 33%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 93%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 96%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 96%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 31%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 34%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 97%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 96%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 85%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 76%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 21%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 30%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 31%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 89%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 85%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 19%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 29%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 21%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 97%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 7%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 82%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 96%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 55%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 38%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 97%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 38%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 93%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 38%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 97%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 89%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 96%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 92%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 90%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 96%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 31%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 21%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 29%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 85%
OH Governor John Kasich R 34%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 37%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 11%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 18%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 34%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 85%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 78%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 93%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 31%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 21%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 17%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 93%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 96%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 38%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 28%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 21%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 36%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 17%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 21%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 34%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 28%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 96%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 97%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 32%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 96%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 96%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 25%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 89%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 33%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 93%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 28%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 86%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 36%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 93%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 25%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 89%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 90%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 93%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 21%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 31%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 96%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 90%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 22%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 30%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 15%
Thomas Allen 93%
Rob Andrews 96%
Bill Archer 28%
Richard Armey 31%
John Ashcroft 12%
Richard Hugh Baker 30%
Cass Ballenger 21%
James Barcia 89%
Bob Barr, Jr. 18%
Bill Barrett 48%
Roscoe Bartlett 24%
Charlie Bass 38%
Herbert Bateman 33%
Max Baucus 89%
Bob Bennett 32%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 39%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 89%
Brian Bilbray 41%
Michael Bilirakis 32%
Jeff Bingaman 96%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 32%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
Kit Bond 26%
Henry Bonilla 28%
David Edward Bonior 97%
Mary Bono Mack 23%
Robert Borski, Jr. 93%
Leonard Boswell 97%
Rick Boucher 93%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 76%
John Breaux 78%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 96%
Ed Bryant 24%
Jim Bunning 36%
Conrad Burns 30%
Dan Burton 30%
Steve Buyer 32%
Robert Byrd 74%
Herbert Callahan 31%
Ben Campbell 35%
Thomas Campbell 38%
Chris Cannon 33%
Julia Carson 96%
Mike Castle 52%
John Chafee 63%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 31%
William Clay, Sr. 85%
Eva Clayton 96%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 93%
Robert Clement 89%
Michael Collins 24%
Larry Combest 28%
Gary Condit 71%
Kent Conrad 100%
Merrill Cook 30%
John Cooksey 37%
Jerry Costello 97%
Paul Coverdell 30%
Christopher Cox 25%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 30%
Robert Cramer 90%
Philip Crane 17%
Barbara Cubin 31%
Randall Cunningham 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 81%
Thomas Daschle 100%
James Davis 97%
Thomas Davis III 46%
Bill Delahunt 93%
Thomas DeLay 28%
Peter Deutsch 97%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Jay Dickey 28%
Norm Dicks 97%
Julian Dixon 96%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 30%
Calvin Dooley 96%
John Doolittle 17%
Byron Dorgan 100%
David Dreier 26%
Jennifer Dunn 31%
Chet Edwards 93%
Vern Ehlers 38%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 33%
Jo Ann Emerson 34%
Philip English 50%
Bob Etheridge 96%
Lane Evans 96%
Terry Everett 28%
Thomas Ewing 31%
Russ Feingold 89%
Bob Filner 90%
Mark Foley 34%
Michael Patrick Forbes 50%
Harold Ford, Jr. 93%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 25%
Tillie Fowler 31%
Barney Frank 93%
Robert Franks 41%
William Frist 30%
Jonas Frost III 96%
Elton Gallegly 34%
John Ganske 41%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 32%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 93%
Jim Gibbons 34%
Wayne Gilchrest 41%
Paul Gillmor 29%
Benjamin Gilman 55%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 38%
William Goodling 31%
Bart Gordon 86%
Slade Gorton 26%
Porter Goss 31%
Daniel Graham 89%
William Phillip Gramm 19%
Rodney Grams 19%
James Greenwood 41%
Judd Gregg 30%
Gilbert Gutknecht 31%
Tony Hall 93%
James Hansen 23%
J. Dennis Hastert 34%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 31%
Joel Hefley 24%
Jesse Helms 13%
Wally Herger, Jr. 28%
Rick Hill 28%
Van Hilleary 18%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 85%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 38%
Pete Hoekstra 21%
Thomas Holden 93%
Ernest Hollings 84%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 24%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Kenny Hulshof 34%
Duncan Hunter 30%
Asa Hutchinson 38%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 27%
Kay Hutchison 30%
Henry Hyde 31%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
William Jefferson 95%
James Merrill Jeffords 63%
William Lewis Jenkins 38%
Christopher John 82%
Nancy Johnson 79%
Paul Kanjorski 97%
Sue Kelly 48%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 93%
Bob Kerrey 93%
Dale Kildee 97%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 85%
Gerald Kleczka 86%
Ronald Klink 93%
Joseph Knollenberg 34%
Herb Kohl 89%
James Kolbe 34%
Dennis Kucinich 90%
Jon Kyl 26%
John LaFalce 100%
Ray LaHood 36%
Nicholas Lampson 97%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 21%
Steve LaTourette 52%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 41%
James Leach 70%
Jerry Lewis 39%
Ron Lewis 32%
Joe Lieberman 74%
John Linder 31%
William Lipinski 57%
Robert Livingston 34%
Trent Lott, Sr. 30%
Dick Lugar 30%
William Luther 93%
Connie Mack 30%
James Maloney 96%
Don Manzullo 18%
Matthew Martinez 100%
Frank Mascara 100%
Robert Matsui 90%
Karen McCarthy 96%
Bill McCollum 29%
James McCrery III 32%
John McHugh 59%
Scott McInnis 31%
David McIntosh 15%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 97%
Michael McNulty 92%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 92%
Jack Metcalf 31%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 96%
Dan Miller 24%
David Minge 89%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 93%
John Moakley 96%
Alan Mollohan 92%
Constance Morella 86%
Patrick Moynihan 88%
Frank Murkowski 27%
Jack Murtha 90%
Sue Myrick 34%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 32%
Robert William Ney 59%
Don Nickles 22%
Anne Northup 38%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 21%
James Nussle 39%
Jim Oberstar 93%
Dave Obey 93%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 93%
Major Owens 93%
Michael Oxley 31%
Ronald Packard 36%
Ron Paul 35%
Donald Payne 88%
Edward Pease 37%
John Peterson 31%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 25%
Owen Pickett 86%
Richard Pombo 14%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
John Edward Porter 39%
Deborah Pryce 38%
Jack Quinn 50%
George Radanovich 26%
James Ramstad 59%
Ralph Regula 45%
Silvestre Reyes 92%
Bob Riley 30%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 97%
Charles Robb 89%
Ciro Rodriguez 97%
Timothy Roemer 90%
James Rogan 34%
William Roth, Jr. 30%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 48%
Jim Ryun 18%
Martin Olav Sabo 93%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 93%
Rick Santorum 26%
Paul Sarbanes 96%
Jim Saxton 46%
Joe Scarborough 11%
Robert Schaffer 21%
John Shadegg 21%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 38%
Christopher Shays 41%
E.G. Shuster 32%
Norman Sisisky 93%
Joseph Skeen 34%
Ike Skelton 88%
Gordon Smith 33%
Nick Smith 32%
Bob Smith 15%
Olympia Snowe 41%
Vic Snyder 97%
Mark Souder 39%
Arlen Specter 74%
Floyd Spence 34%
John Spratt, Jr. 97%
Pete Stark 93%
Cliff Stearns 21%
Charles Stenholm 83%
Ted Stevens 33%
Ted Strickland 97%
Bob Stump 17%
Bart Stupak 93%
John Sununu 34%
James Talent 25%
John Tanner 89%
Ellen Tauscher 90%
William Tauzin 33%
Charles Taylor 29%
Gene Taylor 41%
Craig Thomas 26%
William Thomas 38%
Fred Thompson 26%
Karen Thurman 97%
Strom Thurmond 30%
Todd Tiahrt 18%
Robert Torricelli 85%
Ed Towns 88%
James Traficant, Jr. 79%
James Turner 90%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 39%
Zach Wamp 28%
John Warner 30%
Wesley Watkins 37%
Mel Watt 89%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 34%
David Weldon 21%
W. Curtis Weldon 38%
Gerald Weller 38%
Paul Wellstone 88%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 100%
Heather Wilson 38%
Bob Wise, Jr. 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 97%
Bill Young 32%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.