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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Education Association

1996 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 0%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 19%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 0%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 0%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 94%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 0%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 95%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 19%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 95%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 5%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 11%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 95%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 6%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 77%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 0%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 0%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 11%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 94%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 86%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 91%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 95%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 71%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 17%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 94%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 32%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 14%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 5%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 89%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic, Working Families 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 91%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 82%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 0%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 22%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 95%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 86%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 91%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 9%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 11%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 95%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 95%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 95%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 11%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 94%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 91%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 11%
Gary Ackerman 95%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Rob Andrews 90%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 6%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 86%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 90%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 83%
Anthony Beilenson 91%
Bob Bennett 12%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 95%
Douglas Bereuter 5%
Howard Berman 95%
Tom Bevill 73%
Brian Bilbray 9%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 94%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 9%
Sherwood Boehlert 32%
Kit Bond 17%
Henry Bonilla 5%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 95%
Rick Boucher 90%
Bill Bradley 100%
John Breaux 83%
George Brown, Jr. 95%
Hank Brown 0%
Richard Bryan 94%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 90%
Dale Bumpers 100%
Jim Bunn 18%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 17%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 83%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Dave Camp 0%
Ben Campbell 47%
Thomas Campbell 33%
Mike Castle 14%
John Chafee 44%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
Dick Chrysler 0%
William Clay, Sr. 95%
Eva Clayton 100%
Robert Clement 82%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 14%
William Cohen 42%
Ronald Coleman 91%
Barbara-Rose Collins 100%
Cardiss Collins 100%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 59%
Kent Conrad 100%
Wes Cooley 0%
Jerry Costello 90%
Paul Coverdell 11%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 6%
Robert Cramer 59%
Philip Crane 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 18%
Patsy Ann Danner 77%
Thomas Daschle 94%
Thomas Davis III 5%
E. Kika de la Garza 90%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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