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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Education Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 86%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 31%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 43%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 19%
Thomas Allen 93%
Rob Andrews 92%
Bill Archer 36%
Richard Armey 43%
John Ashcroft 13%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 36%
Henry Scott Baesler 86%
Richard Hugh Baker 46%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 92%
Cass Ballenger 29%
James Barcia 86%
Bob Barr, Jr. 29%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 100%
Bill Barrett 71%
Roscoe Bartlett 36%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 21%
Charlie Bass 50%
Herbert Bateman 43%
Max Baucus 88%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Bob Bennett 31%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 57%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 86%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 88%
Brian Bilbray 50%
Michael Bilirakis 50%
Jeff Bingaman 94%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 71%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 43%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 77%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 21%
Sherwood Boehlert 71%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 36%
Kit Bond 31%
Henry Bonilla 29%
David Edward Bonior 93%
Sonny Bono 50%
Robert Borski, Jr. 86%
Leonard Boswell 93%
Rick Boucher 86%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 79%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 29%
John Breaux 75%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 92%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 25%
Richard Bryan 94%
Ed Bryant 29%
Dale Bumpers 94%
Jim Bunning 50%
Conrad Burns 31%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 36%
Dan Burton 36%
Steve Buyer 38%
Robert Byrd 94%
Herbert Callahan 43%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 36%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 43%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 43%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 43%
Chris Cannon 43%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 93%
Julia Carson 93%
Mike Castle 57%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 29%
John Chafee 69%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 54%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 21%
Jon Lynn Christensen 43%
William Clay, Sr. 71%
Eva Clayton 93%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 88%
Robert Clement 85%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 86%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 25%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 14%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 23%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 31%
Michael Collins 43%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 38%
Larry Combest 36%
Gary Condit 79%
Kent Conrad 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 71%
Merrill Cook 50%
John Cooksey 50%
Jerry Costello 100%
Paul Coverdell 31%
Christopher Cox 29%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 31%
Robert Cramer 93%
Philip Crane 29%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 29%
Barbara Cubin 45%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 71%
Randall Cunningham 43%
Alfonse D'Amato 50%
Patsy Ann Danner 79%
Thomas Daschle 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 71%
James Davis 93%
Thomas Davis III 57%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 36%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 64%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 86%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Thomas DeLay 43%
Ronald Dellums 79%
Peter Deutsch 93%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 44%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 50%
Jay Dickey 29%
Norm Dicks 93%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 93%
Julian Dixon 93%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 85%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 31%
Calvin Dooley 92%
John Doolittle 21%
Byron Dorgan 100%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 86%
David Dreier 38%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 43%
Jennifer Dunn 43%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
Chet Edwards 86%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 43%
Jo Ann Emerson 50%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 92%
Philip English 57%
John Ensign 43%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 25%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 92%
Bob Etheridge 93%
Lane Evans 93%
Terry Everett 36%
Thomas Ewing 43%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 25%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Harris Fawell 64%
Victor Fazio 93%
Russ Feingold 88%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 94%
Bob Filner 86%
Thomas Foglietta 100%
Mark Foley 43%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
Harold Ford, Jr. 93%
Wendell Ford 81%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 43%
Jon David Fox 50%
Barney Frank 85%
Robert Franks 50%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 57%
William Frist 31%
Jonas Frost III 93%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 50%
John Ganske 50%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 43%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 86%
Jim Gibbons 43%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 38%
Benjamin Gilman 57%
Newt Gingrich 33%
John Glenn 88%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 50%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 36%
William Goodling 43%
Bart Gordon 86%
Slade Gorton 25%
Porter Goss 43%
Daniel Graham 88%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 29%
William Phillip Gramm 19%
Rodney Grams 19%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 50%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 31%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 93%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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