Rating Group: League of Conservation Voters

1995-1996 Positions

Issues: Environment
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 4%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 4%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 11%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 27%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 89%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 96%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 92%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 92%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 96%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 4%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 81%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 19%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 96%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 4%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 92%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 15%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 85%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 8%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 96%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 38%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 8%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 4%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 31%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 46%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 27%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 92%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 11%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 89%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 8%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 81%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 85%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 88%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 19%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 81%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 4%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 8%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 27%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 12%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 96%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 92%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 77%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 88%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 93%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 23%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 96%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 81%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 85%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 38%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 96%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 4%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 4%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 12%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 69%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 62%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 96%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 85%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 96%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 4%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 81%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 92%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 96%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 96%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 92%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 31%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 27%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 85%
OH Governor John Kasich R 27%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 96%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 19%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 4%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 15%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 92%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 89%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 88%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 88%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 42%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 96%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 4%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 62%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 92%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 62%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 15%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 81%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 4%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 58%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 77%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 96%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 4%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 81%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 19%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 88%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 31%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 93%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 96%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 96%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 38%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 46%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 96%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 96%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 81%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 4%
Gary Ackerman 88%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 85%
Wayne Allard 8%
Rob Andrews 92%
Bill Archer 4%
Richard Armey 4%
John Ashcroft 11%
Henry Scott Baesler 50%
Richard Hugh Baker 8%
William Baker 8%
Cass Ballenger 4%
James Barcia 46%
Bob Barr, Jr. 4%
Bill Barrett 4%
Roscoe Bartlett 12%
Charlie Bass 31%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 78%
Anthony Beilenson 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 69%
Douglas Bereuter 38%
Howard Berman 92%
Tom Bevill 31%
Brian Bilbray 46%
Michael Bilirakis 35%
Jeff Bingaman 78%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 4%
Peter Blute 42%
Sherwood Boehlert 77%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 4%
David Edward Bonior 88%
Sonny Bono 4%
Robert Borski, Jr. 88%
Rick Boucher 85%
Bill Bradley 78%
John Breaux 33%
Bill Brewster 19%
Glen Browder 35%
George Brown, Jr. 81%
Hank Brown 11%
Richard Bryan 89%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 73%
Dale Bumpers 93%
Jim Bunn 12%
Jim Bunning 8%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 15%
Robert Byrd 81%
Herbert Callahan 4%
Ben Campbell 19%
Thomas Campbell 85%
Mike Castle 62%
John Chafee 70%
Jim Chapman 19%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 12%
Dick Chrysler 27%
William Clay, Sr. 96%
Eva Clayton 92%
Robert Clement 65%
William Clinger 15%
William Cohen 70%
Ronald Coleman 77%
Barbara-Rose Collins 69%
Cardiss Collins 65%
Michael Collins 4%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 31%
Kent Conrad 67%
Wes Cooley 12%
Jerry Costello 54%
Paul Coverdell 4%
Christopher Cox 8%
William Coyne 88%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 31%
Philip Crane 4%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 4%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 19%
Alfonse D'Amato 4%
Patsy Ann Danner 31%
Thomas Daschle 85%
Thomas Davis III 42%
E. Kika de la Garza 27%
Thomas DeLay 4%
Ronald Dellums 96%
Peter Deutsch 96%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 31%
Jay Dickey 12%
Norm Dicks 69%
Julian Dixon 92%
Chris Dodd 89%
Robert Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 7%
Calvin Dooley 35%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 81%
Robert Dornan 4%
David Dreier 4%
Jennifer Dunn 12%
Chet Edwards 35%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 31%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 38%
John Ensign 31%
Lane Evans 96%
Terry Everett 4%
Thomas Ewing 27%
Jim Exon 85%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 4%
Harris Fawell 35%
Victor Fazio 69%
Russ Feingold 100%
Cleo Fields 69%
Jack Fields, Jr. 8%
Bob Filner 88%
Floyd Flake 81%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 35%
Thomas Foglietta 85%
Mark Foley 35%
Michael Patrick Forbes 54%
Harold Ford, Sr. 69%
Wendell Ford 59%
Tillie Fowler 8%
Jon David Fox 54%
Sheila Frahm 0%
Barney Frank 88%
Gary Franks 38%
Robert Franks 58%
Dan Frisa 8%
William Frist 7%
Jonas Frost III 65%
David Funderburk 8%
Elizabeth Furse 92%
Elton Gallegly 8%
John Ganske 19%
Sam Gejdenson 96%
George Gekas 4%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 77%
Pete Geren 31%
Sam Gibbons 81%
Wayne Gilchrest 69%
Paul Gillmor 31%
Benjamin Gilman 65%
John Glenn 100%
Henry Gonzalez 65%
William Goodling 19%
Bart Gordon 62%
Slade Gorton 4%
Porter Goss 50%
Daniel Graham 89%
William Phillip Gramm 7%
Rodney Grams 4%
Enid Greene 8%
James Greenwood 58%
Judd Gregg 30%
Steven Gunderson 23%
Gilbert Gutknecht 12%
Tony Hall 77%
Lee Hamilton 58%
Melton Hancock 15%
James Hansen 8%
Jane Harman 81%
J. Dennis Hastert 8%
Mark Hatfield 11%
James Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 12%
Joel Hefley 8%
W.G. Hefner 42%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 8%
Jesse Helms 4%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 12%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 65%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 19%
Pete Hoekstra 19%
Martin Hoke 23%
Thomas Holden 42%
Ernest Hollings 81%
Stephen Horn 58%
John Nathan Hostettler 15%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 23%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 12%
Kay Hutchison 7%
Henry Hyde 8%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 23%
Daniel Inouye 67%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 12%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 85%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 81%
William Jefferson 77%
James Merrill Jeffords 56%
Nancy Johnson 54%
Harry Johnston 85%
J. Bennett Johnston 37%
Paul Kanjorski 77%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 30%
Sue Kelly 58%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 93%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 96%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 92%
Bob Kerrey 74%
Dale Kildee 88%
Jay Kim 12%
Gerald Kleczka 77%
Ronald Klink 58%
Scott Klug 65%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 96%
James Kolbe 15%
Jon Kyl 4%
John LaFalce 88%
Ray LaHood 31%
Tom Lantos 88%
Stephen Largent 12%
Steve LaTourette 35%
Greg Laughlin 0%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 73%
James Leach 62%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 89%
Jim Lightfoot 0%
Blanche Lincoln 27%
John Linder 8%
William Lipinski 62%
Robert Livingston 0%
James Longley, Jr. 31%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 11%
William Luther 96%
Connie Mack 4%
Thomas Manton 85%
Don Manzullo 15%
Matthew Martinez 65%
Bill Martini 81%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 96%
Karen McCarthy 92%
Bill McCollum 12%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 4%
Paul McHale 88%
John McHugh 19%
Scott McInnis 15%
David McIntosh 8%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 92%
Michael McNulty 77%
Martin Meehan 96%
Carrie Meek 88%
Jack Metcalf 23%
Jan Meyers 58%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 90%
Dan Miller 31%
David Minge 73%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 96%
John Moakley 69%
Susan Molinari 19%
Alan Mollohan 15%
G.V. Montgomery 12%
Carlos Moorhead 8%
Constance Morella 85%
Carol Moseley Braun 85%
Patrick Moynihan 89%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 4%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 4%
Mark Neumann 23%
Robert William Ney 12%
Don Nickles 11%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Sam Nunn 81%
James Nussle 8%
Jim Oberstar 65%
Dave Obey 69%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 27%
Bill Orton 31%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 4%
Ronald Packard 4%
Mike Parker 0%
William Paxon 4%
Donald Payne 92%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 54%
Clay Pell 85%
Pete Peterson 42%
Owen Pickett 12%
Richard Pombo 8%
Earl Pomeroy 62%
John Edward Porter 65%
Glenn Poshard 46%
Larry Pressler 4%
Deborah Pryce 19%
David Pryor 89%
James Quillen 0%
Jack Quinn 42%
George Radanovich 8%
James Ramstad 54%
Ralph Regula 19%
Bill Richardson 88%
Frank Riggs 12%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 96%
Charles Robb 89%
Timothy Roemer 54%
Charles Rose III 46%
Toby Roth 8%
William Roth, Jr. 56%
Marge Roukema 73%
Martin Olav Sabo 81%
Rick Santorum 15%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 50%
Joe Scarborough 35%
Daniel Schaefer 8%
Steven Schiff 23%
Pat Schroeder 92%
Andrea Seastrand 12%
John Shadegg 12%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 35%
Christopher Shays 88%
E.G. Shuster 4%
Paul Simon 85%
Alan Simpson 11%
Norman Sisisky 20%
David Skaggs 88%
Joseph Skeen 4%
Ike Skelton 27%
Linda Smith 12%
Nick Smith 19%
Bob Smith 15%
Olympia Snowe 59%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 8%
Mark Souder 15%
Arlen Specter 52%
Floyd Spence 4%
John Spratt, Jr. 77%
Pete Stark 85%
Cliff Stearns 8%
Charles Stenholm 15%
Ted Stevens 4%
Louis Stokes 85%
Gerry Studds 92%
Bob Stump 4%
Bart Stupak 54%
James Talent 15%
John Tanner 31%
Randy Tate 12%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 8%
Gene Taylor 42%
Frank Tejeda 35%
Craig Thomas 11%
William Thomas 12%
Fred Thompson 19%
Ray Thornton 65%
Karen Thurman 65%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 4%
Peter Torkildsen 69%
Esteban Edward Torres 92%
Robert Torricelli 81%
Ed Towns 96%
James Traficant, Jr. 15%
Bruce Vento 92%
Harold Volkmer 38%
Barbara Vucanovich 4%
Robert Walker 8%
James Walsh 19%
Zach Wamp 15%
Michael Ward 77%
John Warner 7%
Mel Watt 96%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 8%
David Weldon 12%
W. Curtis Weldon 54%
Gerald Weller 15%
Paul Wellstone 93%
Rick White 31%
Pat Williams 69%
Charles Wilson 27%
Bob Wise, Jr. 77%
Lynn Woolsey 88%
Albert Wynn 92%
Sidney Yates 81%
Bill Young 19%
Bill Zeliff 8%
Richard Zimmer 88%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.