Rating Group: League of Conservation Voters

1998 Positions

Issues: Environment
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 3%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 3%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 14%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 13%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 21%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 79%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 93%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 93%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 97%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 83%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 90%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 83%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 14%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 90%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 97%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 72%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 24%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 93%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 14%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 76%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 69%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 24%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 97%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 79%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 10%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 86%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 45%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 14%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 24%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 17%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 83%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 17%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 79%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 93%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 14%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 10%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 86%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 90%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 90%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 7%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 27%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 72%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 17%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 7%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 21%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 10%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 80%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 83%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 93%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 93%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 79%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 83%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 97%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 60%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 79%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 83%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 17%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 52%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 86%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 66%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 79%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 21%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 7%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 66%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 87%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 10%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 83%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 14%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 34%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 93%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 69%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 83%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 90%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 66%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 67%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 93%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 14%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 90%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 97%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 97%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 90%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 72%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 72%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 90%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 93%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 93%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 93%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 38%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 38%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 7%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 76%
OH Governor John Kasich R 38%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 86%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 13%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 3%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 7%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 93%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 90%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 97%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 17%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 69%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 41%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 17%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 7%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 52%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 83%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 80%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 17%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 14%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 7%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 7%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 3%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 10%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 7%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 59%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 59%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 7%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 52%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 62%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 3%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 7%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 79%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 14%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 83%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 24%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 93%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 97%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 10%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 83%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 83%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 83%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 45%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 45%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 97%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 80%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 62%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 13%
Gary Ackerman 86%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 87%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 93%
Rob Andrews 97%
Bill Archer 17%
Richard Armey 17%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 38%
Richard Hugh Baker 7%
Cass Ballenger 7%
James Barcia 34%
Robert Barr, Jr. 10%
Bill Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 7%
Charlie Bass 59%
Herbert Bateman 10%
Max Baucus 60%
Bob Bennett 7%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 76%
Douglas Bereuter 21%
Howard Berman 86%
Marion Berry 28%
Brian Bilbray 66%
Michael Bilirakis 38%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Rod Blagojevich 93%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 7%
Sherwood Boehlert 72%
Kit Bond 7%
Henry Bonilla 7%
David Edward Bonior 83%
Robert Borski, Jr. 76%
Leonard Boswell 34%
Rick Boucher 69%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 24%
John Breaux 47%
George Brown, Jr. 79%
Richard Bryan 73%
Ed Bryant 10%
Dale Bumpers 100%
Jim Bunning 7%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 3%
Steve Buyer 7%
Robert Byrd 60%
Herbert Callahan 7%
Ben Campbell 13%
Thomas Campbell 55%
Chris Cannon 10%
Julia Carson 83%
Mike Castle 76%
John Chafee 60%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 7%
Jon Lynn Christensen 17%
William Clay, Sr. 62%
Eva Clayton 79%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 60%
Robert Clement 66%
Michael Collins 14%
Larry Combest 3%
Gary Condit 34%
Kent Conrad 53%
Merrill Cook 24%
John Cooksey 10%
Jerry Costello 69%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 28%
William Coyne 90%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 24%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 3%
Randall Cunningham 10%
Alfonse D'Amato 20%
Patsy Ann Danner 21%
Thomas Daschle 73%
James Davis 76%
Thomas Davis III 52%
Bill Delahunt 90%
Thomas DeLay 10%
Peter Deutsch 83%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 31%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 69%
Julian Dixon 90%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 7%
Calvin Dooley 34%
John Doolittle 7%
Byron Dorgan 53%
David Dreier 14%
Jennifer Dunn 21%
Chet Edwards 31%
Vern Ehlers 62%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 28%
Jo Ann Emerson 3%
Philip English 38%
John Ensign 34%
Bob Etheridge 66%
Lane Evans 93%
Terry Everett 3%
Thomas Ewing 28%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 20%
Harris Fawell 62%
Victor Fazio 66%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 93%
Mark Foley 41%
Michael Patrick Forbes 79%
Harold Ford, Jr. 45%
Wendell Ford 67%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 31%
Tillie Fowler 21%
Jon David Fox 66%
Barney Frank 90%
Robert Franks 83%
William Frist 27%
Jonas Frost III 45%
Elizabeth Furse 86%
Elton Gallegly 10%
John Ganske 41%
Sam Gejdenson 93%
George Gekas 14%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 83%
Jim Gibbons 28%
Wayne Gilchrest 62%
Paul Gillmor 17%
Benjamin Gilman 76%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 87%
Henry Gonzalez 14%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 14%
William Goodling 14%
Bart Gordon 62%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 41%
Daniel Graham 93%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 72%
Judd Gregg 60%
Gilbert Gutknecht 17%
Tony Hall 66%
Lee Hamilton 62%
James Hansen 10%
Jane Harman 62%
J. Dennis Hastert 17%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 17%
Joel Hefley 14%
W.G. Hefner 62%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 7%
Rick Hill 10%
Van Hilleary 10%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 48%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 31%
Pete Hoekstra 28%
Thomas Holden 38%
Ernest Hollings 73%
Darlene Hooley 93%
Stephen Horn 62%
John Nathan Hostettler 7%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 34%
Kenny Hulshof 31%
Duncan Hunter 14%
Asa Hutchinson 21%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 7%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 10%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 24%
Daniel Inouye 60%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 7%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 97%
William Jefferson 55%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 3%
Christopher John 10%
Jay Johnson 72%
Nancy Johnson 86%
Paul Kanjorski 76%
Sue Kelly 83%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 97%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 90%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 69%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 76%
Jay Kim 17%
Gerald Kleczka 93%
Ronald Klink 52%
Scott Klug 69%
Joseph Knollenberg 10%
Herb Kohl 93%
James Kolbe 28%
Dennis Kucinich 86%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 79%
Ray LaHood 24%
Nicholas Lampson 83%
Tom Lantos 97%
Stephen Largent 17%
Steve LaTourette 34%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 72%
James Leach 76%
Jerry Lewis 28%
Ron Lewis 3%
Joe Lieberman 100%
John Linder 10%
William Lipinski 55%
Robert Livingston 7%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 7%
William Luther 86%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 83%
Thomas Manton 72%
Don Manzullo 24%
Matthew Martinez 52%
Frank Mascara 52%
Robert Matsui 86%
Karen McCarthy 86%
Bill McCollum 17%
James McCrery III 10%
Joseph McDade 21%
Paul McHale 83%
John McHugh 24%
Scott McInnis 14%
David McIntosh 14%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 97%
Michael McNulty 83%
Martin Meehan 97%
Carrie Meek 76%
Jack Metcalf 24%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 79%
Dan Miller 41%
David Minge 66%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 86%
John Moakley 83%
Alan Mollohan 45%
Constance Morella 93%
Carol Moseley Braun 87%
Patrick Moynihan 87%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 45%
Sue Myrick 7%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 10%
Mark Neumann 34%
Robert William Ney 17%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 14%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 10%
James Nussle 21%
Jim Oberstar 48%
Dave Obey 83%
John Olver 97%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 28%
Major Owens 93%
Michael Oxley 7%
Ronald Packard 10%
Michael Pappas 59%
Mike Parker 7%
Ron Paul 38%
William Paxon 14%
Donald Payne 83%
Edward Pease 34%
John Peterson 3%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 7%
Owen Pickett 14%
Richard Pombo 10%
Earl Pomeroy 38%
John Edward Porter 72%
Glenn Poshard 66%
Deborah Pryce 17%
Jack Quinn 52%
George Radanovich 10%
James Ramstad 83%
Bill Redmond 11%
Ralph Regula 24%
Silvestre Reyes 55%
Frank Riggs 7%
Bob Riley 3%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 90%
Charles Robb 87%
Ciro Rodriguez 64%
Timothy Roemer 55%
James Rogan 28%
William Roth, Jr. 53%
Steve Rothman 86%
Marge Roukema 72%
Jim Ryun 10%
Martin Olav Sabo 90%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 21%
Rick Santorum 7%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 66%
Joe Scarborough 31%
Daniel Schaefer 7%
Robert Schaffer 7%
John Shadegg 10%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 38%
Christopher Shays 100%
E.G. Shuster 7%
Norman Sisisky 14%
David Skaggs 76%
Joseph Skeen 21%
Ike Skelton 21%
Gordon Smith 13%
Linda Smith 21%
Nick Smith 31%
Robert Smith 3%
Bob Smith 13%
Vincent Snowbarger 7%
Olympia Snowe 60%
Vic Snyder 79%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 10%
Mark Souder 21%
Arlen Specter 47%
Floyd Spence 7%
John Spratt, Jr. 76%
Pete Stark 86%
Cliff Stearns 17%
Charles Stenholm 10%
Ted Stevens 7%
Louis Stokes 79%
Ted Strickland 76%
Bob Stump 7%
Bart Stupak 59%
John Sununu 34%
James Talent 17%
John Tanner 38%
Ellen Tauscher 90%
William Tauzin 7%
Charles Taylor 7%
Gene Taylor 24%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 14%
Fred Thompson 13%
Karen Thurman 45%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 7%
Esteban Edward Torres 86%
Robert Torricelli 93%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 10%
James Turner 21%
Bruce Vento 90%
James Walsh 52%
Zach Wamp 10%
John Warner 13%
Wesley Watkins 10%
Mel Watt 83%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 3%
David Weldon 14%
W. Curtis Weldon 52%
Gerald Weller 28%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 90%
Bob Weygand 72%
Rick White 28%
Heather Wilson 17%
Bob Wise, Jr. 66%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
Albert Wynn 79%
Sidney Yates 83%
Bill Young 17%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.