Rating Group: League of Conservation Voters

1997 Positions

Issues: Environment
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 6%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 6%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 19%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 29%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 31%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 63%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 88%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 81%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 94%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 81%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 81%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 19%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 88%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 94%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 69%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 31%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 94%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 19%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 81%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 31%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 94%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 81%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 6%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 81%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 44%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 13%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 13%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 38%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 19%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 25%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 75%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 86%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 13%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 6%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 81%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 88%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 94%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 6%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 29%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 69%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 19%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 14%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 19%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 6%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 71%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 88%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 81%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 69%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 94%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 71%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 63%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 71%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 81%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 13%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 56%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 75%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 63%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 88%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 19%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 13%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 6%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 13%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 13%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 81%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 25%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 25%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 69%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 81%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 81%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 71%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 13%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 88%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 88%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 75%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 75%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 81%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 88%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 88%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 88%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 44%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 38%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 6%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 63%
OH Governor John Kasich R 50%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 75%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 29%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 6%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 13%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 86%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 81%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 94%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 69%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 44%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 19%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 6%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 63%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 71%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 13%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 19%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 13%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 6%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 6%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 6%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 13%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 13%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 50%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 56%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 6%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 44%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 56%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 6%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 69%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 19%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 88%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 31%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 86%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 94%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 86%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 13%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 88%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 81%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 88%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 50%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 44%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 94%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 71%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 50%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 14%
Gary Ackerman 81%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 86%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 88%
Rob Andrews 94%
Bill Archer 19%
Richard Armey 25%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 31%
Richard Hugh Baker 6%
Cass Ballenger 6%
James Barcia 25%
Bob Barr, Jr. 19%
Bill Barrett 13%
Roscoe Bartlett 13%
Charlie Bass 63%
Herbert Bateman 6%
Max Baucus 57%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 69%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Howard Berman 81%
Marion Berry 31%
Brian Bilbray 50%
Michael Bilirakis 31%
Jeff Bingaman 71%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 6%
Sherwood Boehlert 56%
Kit Bond 14%
Henry Bonilla 13%
David Edward Bonior 75%
Sonny Bono 13%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
Leonard Boswell 31%
Rick Boucher 56%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 25%
John Breaux 43%
George Brown, Jr. 81%
Richard Bryan 71%
Ed Bryant 13%
Dale Bumpers 100%
Jim Bunning 6%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 6%
Steve Buyer 6%
Robert Byrd 57%
Herbert Callahan 6%
Ben Campbell 29%
Thomas Campbell 63%
Chris Cannon 13%
Walter Holden Capps 100%
Julia Carson 69%
Mike Castle 81%
John Chafee 71%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 6%
Jon Lynn Christensen 19%
William Clay, Sr. 69%
Eva Clayton 75%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 57%
Robert Clement 69%
Michael Collins 25%
Larry Combest 6%
Gary Condit 50%
Kent Conrad 43%
Merrill Cook 38%
John Cooksey 13%
Jerry Costello 63%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 38%
William Coyne 88%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 25%
Philip Crane 19%
Barbara Cubin 6%
Randall Cunningham 13%
Alfonse D'Amato 29%
Patsy Ann Danner 25%
Thomas Daschle 71%
James Davis 81%
Thomas Davis III 63%
Bill Delahunt 88%
Thomas DeLay 19%
Ronald Dellums 94%
Peter Deutsch 75%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 19%
Norm Dicks 63%
Julian Dixon 88%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 14%
Calvin Dooley 31%
John Doolittle 13%
Byron Dorgan 43%
David Dreier 19%
Jennifer Dunn 31%
Chet Edwards 25%
Vern Ehlers 56%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 38%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 44%
John Ensign 38%
Bob Etheridge 56%
Lane Evans 88%
Terry Everett 6%
Thomas Ewing 31%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 14%
Harris Fawell 69%
Victor Fazio 50%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 88%
Thomas Foglietta 69%
Mark Foley 44%
Michael Patrick Forbes 69%
Harold Ford, Jr. 63%
Wendell Ford 71%
Tillie Fowler 25%
Jon David Fox 63%
Barney Frank 88%
Robert Franks 88%
William Frist 43%
Jonas Frost III 44%
Elizabeth Furse 81%
Elton Gallegly 13%
John Ganske 38%
Sam Gejdenson 94%
George Gekas 19%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 75%
Jim Gibbons 44%
Wayne Gilchrest 63%
Paul Gillmor 19%
Benjamin Gilman 75%
John Glenn 100%
Henry Gonzalez 25%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
William Goodling 13%
Bart Gordon 63%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 50%
Daniel Graham 86%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 75%
Judd Gregg 71%
Gilbert Gutknecht 25%
Tony Hall 69%
Lee Hamilton 63%
James Hansen 19%
Jane Harman 75%
J. Dennis Hastert 13%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 19%
Joel Hefley 13%
W.G. Hefner 44%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 13%
Rick Hill 13%
Van Hilleary 13%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 31%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 38%
Pete Hoekstra 38%
Thomas Holden 19%
Ernest Hollings 71%
Darlene Hooley 94%
Stephen Horn 69%
John Nathan Hostettler 13%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Kenny Hulshof 25%
Duncan Hunter 19%
Asa Hutchinson 19%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 14%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 13%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 38%
Daniel Inouye 43%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 6%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 94%
William Jefferson 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 71%
William Lewis Jenkins 6%
Christopher John 13%
Jay Johnson 63%
Nancy Johnson 94%
Paul Kanjorski 69%
Sue Kelly 81%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 94%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 88%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 50%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 63%
Jay Kim 19%
Gerald Kleczka 94%
Ronald Klink 38%
Scott Klug 75%
Joseph Knollenberg 13%
Herb Kohl 86%
James Kolbe 31%
Dennis Kucinich 81%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 69%
Ray LaHood 19%
Nicholas Lampson 75%
Tom Lantos 94%
Stephen Largent 19%
Steve LaTourette 25%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 69%
James Leach 69%
Jerry Lewis 38%
Ron Lewis 6%
Joe Lieberman 100%
John Linder 13%
William Lipinski 50%
Robert Livingston 6%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 88%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 88%
Thomas Manton 56%
Don Manzullo 25%
Matthew Martinez 44%
Frank Mascara 44%
Robert Matsui 75%
Karen McCarthy 81%
Bill McCollum 19%
James McCrery III 13%
Joseph McDade 31%
Paul McHale 81%
John McHugh 19%
Scott McInnis 13%
David McIntosh 19%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 94%
Michael McNulty 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 69%
Jack Metcalf 25%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 88%
Dan Miller 50%
David Minge 69%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 75%
John Moakley 81%
Alan Mollohan 44%
Constance Morella 94%
Carol Moseley Braun 86%
Patrick Moynihan 86%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 38%
Sue Myrick 6%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 13%
Mark Neumann 38%
Robert William Ney 25%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 19%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 13%
James Nussle 13%
Jim Oberstar 31%
Dave Obey 69%
John Olver 94%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 19%
Major Owens 88%
Michael Oxley 6%
Ronald Packard 13%
Michael Pappas 63%
Mike Parker 6%
Ron Paul 50%
William Paxon 25%
Donald Payne 94%
Edward Pease 38%
John Peterson 6%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 6%
Owen Pickett 19%
Richard Pombo 19%
Earl Pomeroy 38%
John Edward Porter 75%
Glenn Poshard 63%
Deborah Pryce 19%
Jack Quinn 44%
George Radanovich 19%
James Ramstad 81%
Bill Redmond 21%
Ralph Regula 25%
Silvestre Reyes 56%
Frank Riggs 13%
Bob Riley 6%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 88%
Charles Robb 86%
Ciro Rodriguez 47%
Timothy Roemer 50%
James Rogan 38%
William Roth, Jr. 71%
Steve Rothman 81%
Marge Roukema 75%
Jim Ryun 19%
Martin Olav Sabo 81%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 19%
Rick Santorum 14%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 63%
Joe Scarborough 31%
Daniel Schaefer 6%
Robert Schaffer 6%
Steven Schiff 13%
John Shadegg 25%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 44%
Christopher Shays 100%
E.G. Shuster 6%
Norman Sisisky 20%
David Skaggs 69%
Joseph Skeen 25%
Ike Skelton 19%
Gordon Smith 14%
Linda Smith 31%
Nick Smith 31%
Robert Smith 6%
Bob Smith 29%
Vincent Snowbarger 13%
Olympia Snowe 71%
Vic Snyder 75%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 13%
Mark Souder 31%
Arlen Specter 43%
Floyd Spence 6%
John Spratt, Jr. 69%
Pete Stark 81%
Cliff Stearns 25%
Charles Stenholm 6%
Ted Stevens 14%
Louis Stokes 75%
Ted Strickland 69%
Bob Stump 13%
Bart Stupak 50%
John Sununu 38%
James Talent 19%
John Tanner 38%
Ellen Tauscher 94%
William Tauzin 6%
Charles Taylor 13%
Gene Taylor 25%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 19%
Fred Thompson 29%
Karen Thurman 50%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 13%
Esteban Edward Torres 88%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 81%
James Traficant, Jr. 6%
James Turner 19%
Bruce Vento 81%
James Walsh 38%
Zach Wamp 13%
John Warner 14%
Wesley Watkins 13%
Mel Watt 81%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 6%
David Weldon 13%
W. Curtis Weldon 38%
Gerald Weller 25%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 81%
Bob Weygand 69%
Rick White 38%
Bob Wise, Jr. 63%
Lynn Woolsey 88%
Albert Wynn 63%
Sidney Yates 81%
Bill Young 19%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.