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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Goldwater Institute

1995-1996 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Bill Zeliff 0%
Richard Zimmer 70%
ME Councilor At-Large Joseph Baldacci Democratic 50%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 75%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 50%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 25%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 75%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 66%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 50%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 75%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 75%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 75%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 75%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 25%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 50%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 0%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 25%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 50%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 25%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 75%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 75%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 66%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 75%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 75%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 75%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 75%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 75%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 25%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 75%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 25%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 50%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett No Party Affiliation 75%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 25%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 75%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Dan Coats Republican 50%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 25%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 75%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 50%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 66%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 25%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 50%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 25%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 50%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 25%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 25%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 25%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 25%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 75%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 25%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 25%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 25%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 25%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 50%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 25%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 50%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 25%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 100%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 50%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 25%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 100%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 25%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 50%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 25%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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