Registration Deadline: The registration deadline to vote in the primary and general election is 22 days before the election. If there is a special election, the registration deadline is 13 days before the election and if the Governor calls a special election, the deadline is 7 days.
VOTER REGISTRATION QUALIFICATIONS
Age: Must be 18 years old (Any person who is 17 years old and will be 18 years of age at the next general election shall be permitted to register in advance and also vote in any intervening primary or special election)
Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen
Residency: Must be a resident of Virginia (A person who has come to Virginia for temporary purposes and intends to return to another state is not considered a resident for voting purposes)
Mental Competency: Not currently declared mentally incompetent by a court of law
Felony Convictions: If convicted of a felony, your right to vote must have been restored.
ID Requirements: If you are registering for the first time by mail, federal law(the Help America Vote Act) requires you to provide identification. To avoid delays, please enclose a copy of one of the following documents that shows your name and address with your application:
-Current and valid photo ID;
-Current utility bill;
-Other government document.
OBTAINING A VOTER REGISTRATION FORM
Online: Virginia voter registration
In person: Registration can be completed at any of the following places:
-Local voter registration office
-State or local government offices when applying or re-certifying for Aid to Dependent Children, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services
-Government offices in the State that provide State-funded programs primarily engaged in providing services to person with disabilities
-Armed forces recruitment offices
-Virginia Department of Elections office
-Department of Motor Vehicles offices
-Voter Registration Drives
By mail/ in writing: The completed application can be filed with your local election office or mailed to the address printed on the form. If mailed, the application must be postmarked no later than the deadline.
Other Voter Registration Application Information: Registration deadlines are different before different election types. To ensure you are registered in time, check the voter registration section above for deadlines.
VERIFYING YOUR VOTER REGISTRATION STATUS
Online: Virginia voter registration verification
Phone: Contact your local registrar's office to make sure that your application has been processed.
ABSENTEE BALLOT QUALIFICATIONS
Who can vote absentee: The Code of Virginia authorizes the following registered voters to vote by absentee ballot in any election in which they are qualified to vote:
-Student attending college or university outside of locality of residence in Virginia.
-Spouse of student attending college or university outside locality of residence in Virginia
-Business outside county/city of residence on election day
-Personal business or vacation outside county/city of residence on election day
-I am working and commuting to/from home for 11 or more hours between 6:00am and 7:00pm on election day
-I am a first responder (member of law enforcement, fire fighter, emergency technician, search and rescue)
-My disability or illness
-I am primarily and personally responsible for the care of a disabled/ill family member confined at home
-Confined, awaiting trial
-Confined, convicted of a misdemeanor
-An electoral board member, registrar, officer of election, or custodian of voting equipment
-I have a religious obligation
-Active duty merchant marine or armed forces
-Spouse or dependent living with a member of 6A
-Temporarily residing outside of US
-Temporarily residing outside of US for employment or spouse or dependent residing with employee
-Requesting a ballot for presidential and vice presidential electors only (Ballots for other offices/issues will not be sent)
-Authorized representative of candidate or party serving inside the polling place
OBTAINING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Online: Virginia does not offer online absentee voter registration.
In person: Contact your local election office for more information.
By mail: Download an absentee application or contact your local Voter Registration Office to request an absentee ballot application and return the application to your local Voter Registrar by mail or fax or scanned email attachment. The signed and completed application must be received by the general registrar located in the city or county that you are registered to vote by 5:00 p.m. on the Tuesday prior to the election in which the applicant wants to vote.
Military and overseas voting: Virginia military and overseas absentee voter procedures
Other absentee ballot information: You must complete a separate absentee ballot application for each election in which you intend to vote absentee.
SUBMITTING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Location and time: Absentee voting in person begins at least 45 day before most elections and ends on the Saturday before the election. All mailed absentee ballots must be received by the electoral board by 7:00 p.m., on election day.
Early voting qualifications: Virginia offers absentee in-person voting for qualified voters.
Verifying Registration: Virginia voter registration verification
Deciding how to vote: http://votesmart.org/
Polling Place: Virginia polling place locator
ID Requirements:Virginia law requires all voters to provide an acceptable form of photo identification when voting in person at their polling place. All of the following are acceptable forms of ID and can be used up to a year after ID has expired:
-Valid Virginia driver's license or identification card
-Valid Virginia DMV issued veteran's ID card
-Valid United States passport
-Other government-issued photo identification cards (must be issued by the US government, the Commonwealth of Virginia or a political subdivision of the Commonwealth)
-Valid college or university student photo identification card (must be from an institution of higher education located in Virginia
-Employee identification card containing a photograph of the voter and issued by an employer of the voter in the ordinary course of the employer's business
If you don't have one of these photo IDs, or you do but it is expired, go to your nearest Voter Resgistration Office and apply for a free Virginia Voter Photo ID Card.
How to vote: Voter rights and responsibilities
Problems with voting: Voter complaints
Verifying provisional ballot status: Verify our provisional ballot status online
Verifying absentee ballot status: Verify your absentee ballot status online