Montana Voter Registration Information



Registration Deadline: The deadline for regular registration is 5 p.m. 30 days before any election. Individuals can late-register for most elections at the county election office or the designated location beginning 29 days before election day, and through 8 p.m. on election day.

Party Affiliation: There is no party registration in Montana. Individuals who vote in a primary election are given all the parties' ballots, and can choose in private which party ballot they wish to vote. They return the voted ballots to an election judge in one sleeve, and the unvoted party ballots in a separate sleeve. Voters in a primary election cannot vote more than one party's ballots.


Age: Must be at least 18 years old on or before Election Day

Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen

Residency: Must be a resident of Montana and of the county in which you intend to vote for at least 30 days

Mental Competency: Not judged in a court of law to be of unsound mind

Felony Convictions: Not be a convicted felon serving a sentence in a penal institution.

ID Requirements: You must provide your Montana driver's license or Montana ID number when you register. If you do not provide either of these numbers you will need to provide the last four digits of your social security number. If you have none of these numbers you will need to provide another form of identification. An acceptable ID shows your name and current address(paycheck stub, utility bill, bank statement, or government document)


Online: Montana voter registration application

In person: You can register in person at the following locations:
County Election Office
   -Where and when you apply for or renew your driver's license or Montana ID

By mail/ in writing: Obtain a registration form online and mail it to your county election office.

By fax: Contact your county election administrator or faxing options.

Other Voter Registration Application Information: Be sure to keep your voter registration current by filling out a new card if your name or address changes. If you move and become a resident of another Montana county, you must re-register in that county.


Online: Montana online voter registration verification

Phone: Verify registration by contacting your county elections office


Who can vote absentee:
Any registered voter may vote by absentee ballot.

Other absentee voter qualifications: In order to remain on the annual absentee list and continually receive absentee ballots you must complete, sign, and return a confirmation notice mailed by the county election office each year.


Online: Montana absentee ballot application and/or sign up for the Annual absentee list.

In person: Applications may be downloaded online or picked up at a county election office, and must be turned into the county election office by noon the day before the election. If the application is submitted in person you may pick up the absentee ballot at the same time, once ballots are available.

By mail: Download an application and mail it to the county election office. An absentee ballot will be mailed to the mail-to address indicated on the form.

Military and overseas voting: Any of the following are defined as UOCAVA voters:
   -Member of the Uniformed Services or Merchant Marine on active duty
   -Spouse or dependent of a member of the Uniformed Services or Merchant Marine on active duty
   -U.S. citizen residing outside the U.S.
   -Other individuals meeting definitions of "absent uniformed services voter" and "overseas voter" in Montana law(13-21-102, MCA)
  As such, UOCAVA voters may annually apply for absentee ballots using the
Electronic Absentee Systemto register to vote up to and including election day. More information available here.

Other absentee ballot information:Be sure to sign the affirmation on the signature envelope before sending back or dropping of an application.


Location and time: Ballots mailed to the county election office must be received no later than 8:00 p.m. on election day.

Other absentee ballot submission information: UOCAVA voters who have received and marked a paper ballot may return their absentee ballot by email, fax, and mail. All ballots must be received by the county election office by 8 p.m. on Election Day, unless returning electronically. If returning an absentee ballot electronically, it must be sent to the county election office by 8 p.m. on Election Day, and received by 5 p.m. the next day.


Early voting qualifications: Any registered voter may fill out an absentee application and vote in person at their county election office.


Verifying Registration:
Montana online voter registration verification

Deciding how to vote:

Time off to vote: Time off to vote is subject to the employer. Montana state law does not require employers to grant time off to vote for employees.

Polling Place:
Montana online polling place finder

ID Requirements:
Before you will be permitted to receive a ballot, you will need to present a current ID. If you do not have a photo ID, you can provide one of the following:
   - a current utility bill
   - bank statement
   - paycheck
   - voter confirmation notice
   - government check or other government document that shows your name and current address. If you do not have any of the items listed above, you can still vote by requesting and filling out a “Polling Place Elector ID” form.
  Or, you can vote a provisional ballot and provide one of the items listed above. Your provisional ballot will be counted if you provide one of the items on the list to the county election office by 5:00 p.m. the day after the election, or mail it to the county election office postmarked by the day after the election.

How to Vote: View Montana's
How to Vote guide.

Getting your vote counted: For more information about voting call your local election office or call the Secretary of State's toll free voter hotline: 1-888-884-VOTE (8683)

Problems with voting:
HAVA/Montana elections complaint form

Verifying absentee ballot status: Montana absentee ballot status verification