Registration Deadline: In order to be registered to vote in an election, you need to be registered by 5:00 p.m., or the normal close of business of any public building where registration is allowed, whichever is later, on the fourth Wednesday prior to the election. If you register after such time, you are registered to vote in subsequent elections. If registering by mail, your voter registration must be postmarked by the fourth Wednesday prior to the election.
Party Affiliation: Since Missouri has open primaries, every eligible registered voter may select the party ballot of their choice. However, primary voters may select only one party's ballot. Voters who do not wish to give a political party preference may request an issues only ballot, if one is available in that particular jurisdiction.
VOTER REGISTRATION QUALIFICATIONS
Age: Must be 18 years old on Election Day
Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen
Residency: Must be a Missouri resident and must be registered to vote in the jurisdiction of the person's domicile prior to the election
Mental Competency: Must not be adjudged incapacitated by any court of law.
Felony Convictions: Can not vote while confined under a sentence of imprisonment, while on probation or parole after the conviction of a felony, after conviction of a felony or misdemeanor connected with voting or the right of suffrage
ID Requirements: To initially register, voters could use their driver's license number or last four digits of their social security number. These things do not have to be provided if they are not assigned to the voter.
OBTAINING A VOTER REGISTRATION FORM
Online: Missouri voter registration application
In person: Voters can register at any of the following locations:
-Local County clerk
-Any Department of Motor Vehicles, or state agency providing a service to the public(WIC, Social Services, etc)
By mail/ in writing: Download a form and mail the physical copy to your local county clerk.
By fax: Contact your local county clerk for faxing options.
VERIFYING YOUR VOTER REGISTRATION STATUS
Online: Missouri voter registration verification
Phone: Contact your County Clerk/Election Official to verify your voter registration
ABSENTEE BALLOT QUALIFICATIONS
Who can vote absentee:
Registered Missourians who will not be able to go to their polling place on Election Day may vote absentee beginning six weeks prior to an election. Absentee voters must provide one of the following reasons for voting absentee:
- Absence on Election Day from the jurisdiction of the election authority in which such voter is registered to vote;
- Incapacity or confinement due to illness or physical disability, including a person who is primarily responsible for the physical care of a person who is incapacitated or confined due to illness or disability;
- Religious belief or practice;
- Employment as an election authority, as a member of an election authority, or by an election authority at a location other than such voter's polling place;
- Incarceration, provided all qualifications for voting are retained.
OBTAINING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Online: Missouri application for absentee ballot. Absentee forms cannot be submitted online, they must be mailed or turned in physically to your election authority.
In person: Voters can request absentee ballots from their local election authority in person.
By mail: Mail an online form to your local election authority. Voters requesting an absentee ballot by mail who have registered by mail and have not voted in person are required to submit a copy of their personal identification unless they provided a copy with their registration application. Examples of acceptable identification are:
-Identification issued by the state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority of the state;
-Identification issued by the United States government or agency thereof;
-Identification issued by an institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school, located within the state of Missouri;
-A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter;
-Driver's license or state identification card issued by another state; or
-Other identification approved by the secretary of state;
This identification requirement, as well as the notary requirement for absentee ballots, does not apply to overseas voters, those on active military duty or members of their immediate family living with them or voters who are permanently disabled and their caregivers.
Military and overseas voting: If you are not registered to vote, you can register and request your absentee ballot at the same time using the Federal Post Card Application(FPCA). On this form you will select how you wish to receive your blank ballot, which may be sent to you by mail, fax, or email. More information for Military and Overseas Voters available.
Other absentee ballot information: Absentee ballot requests may also be faxed to your local county clerk.
SUBMITTING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Location and time: Mail in or faxed absentee ballot requests must be received by the election authority no later than the 5:00 p.m. on the Wednesday prior to any election. Voters can vote by absentee in the office of the local election authority until 5:00 p.m. the night before the election.
Early voting qualifications: Early voting is available through the absentee ballot process; voters can vote by absentee in the office of the local election authority until 5:00 p.m. the night before the election.
Verifying Registration: Missouri voter registration verification
Deciding how to vote: http://www.votesmart.org/
Time off to vote: An employee may, with prior notice to their employer, take three hours off work to vote if there are not three consecutive hours when the polls are open during which the employee is not required to be at work.
Polling Place: Missouri Polling place finder
ID Requirements: To vote at the polls you will need one of the following forms of identification:
-ID issued by the Federal Government, state of Missouri, or a local county clerk;
-ID issued by a Missouri institution (public or private) of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school;
-A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter;
-Driver's license or state identification card issued by another state.
If you do not possess any of these forms of identification, you may still cast a ballot if two supervising election judges, one from each major political party, attest they know you. See more examples of acceptable identifications to vote.
How to Vote: Missouri voting guide
- Optical scan
- Punch card
Getting your vote counted: Missouri voting rights
Problems with voting: File a grievance with the Secretary of State's Office if you believe your voting rights have been violated. You can also contact the Missouri Office of the Secretary of State at (800) 669-8683 or the U.S. Department of Justice at (800) 253-3931. See more information on HAVA for Missouri.
Verifying provisional ballot status: Provisional ballot envelopes, provided by the secretary of state's office, will have a tear away section containing a unique identification number and a toll free phone number. Individuals who cast provisional ballots may, after the election results have been certified, call the toll free phone number provided to them on the tear away section of their provisional ballot envelope. Only the individuals who have cast provisional ballots are permitted to use this service to verify the status of their own provisional ballot.
Verifying absentee ballot status: Contact your County Clerk/Election Official or contact your Secretary of State's Election Division at (800) NOW-VOTE or firstname.lastname@example.org