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Sam Graves' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MO) - District 6, Republican
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Sam Graves has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Sam Graves is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Celebrating Life. 25 February 2008. "Our Founding Fathers felt that a revolution was in order to fight for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. These three principles are the bedrock of our nation. In Congress, I have fought to uphold the sanctity of life. I have vowed to oppose legislation which attempts to roll back or weaken pro-life legislation previously passed. As a father of three, I understand that life is both beautiful and precious. Like our founding fathers, I believe that we need to respect life. I will continue to fight for legislation that promotes a culture of life.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. 26 September 2006. “In Kansas, there is a parental notification law but not a consent law. This means that if the parent of a minor in Missouri denies permission for that minor to have an abortion in Missouri, that same minor--usually with the aid of a co-conspirator--can go to Kansas, notify that parent of the intention to have an abortion, and go forward against the will of the parent. In Illinois, it was reported that the mother of a 14-year-old from Missouri was denied the opportunity to even speak with her daughter as she waited for an abortion in an Illinois clinic just over the State line. Congress must act to prevent the evasion of parental involvement laws.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Issue Position: Values. 1 January 2012. "I believe marriage is between ONE man and ONE woman and that we should protect the lives of the unborn under all but the direst of circumstances. As your Congressman, I will continue the fight to keep both marriage and life sacred." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Sam Graves voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sam Graves voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Sam Graves voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Sam Graves voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Sam Graves a rating of 20 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sam Graves voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Family Research Council 87 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Sam Graves voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Celebrating Life. 25 February 2008. "Our Founding Fathers felt that a revolution was in order to fight for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. These three principles are the bedrock of our nation. In Congress, I have fought to uphold the sanctity of life. I have vowed to oppose legislation which attempts to roll back or weaken pro-life legislation previously passed. As a father of three, I understand that life is both beautiful and precious. Like our founding fathers, I believe that we need to respect life. I will continue to fight for legislation that promotes a culture of life.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. 26 September 2006. “In Kansas, there is a parental notification law but not a consent law. This means that if the parent of a minor in Missouri denies permission for that minor to have an abortion in Missouri, that same minor--usually with the aid of a co-conspirator--can go to Kansas, notify that parent of the intention to have an abortion, and go forward against the will of the parent. In Illinois, it was reported that the mother of a 14-year-old from Missouri was denied the opportunity to even speak with her daughter as she waited for an abortion in an Illinois clinic just over the State line. Congress must act to prevent the evasion of parental involvement laws.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Issue Position: Values. 1 January 2012. "I believe marriage is between ONE man and ONE woman and that we should protect the lives of the unborn under all but the direst of circumstances. As your Congressman, I will continue the fight to keep both marriage and life sacred." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Sam Graves voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sam Graves voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Sam Graves voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Sam Graves voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Sam Graves a rating of 20 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sam Graves voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Family Research Council 87 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Sam Graves voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Tax Reform By the People, For the People. 23 January 2006. “From the Alternative Minimum Tax, which you pay if the government determines you haven't paid enough taxes, to the double taxation of dividends, our tax code is full of different rules for different groups. I think that is fundamentally unfair. America should have only one tax code and it ought to apply evenly to everyone.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Video: Chairman Graves on Fox Business 6.28.11. 28 June 2011. “But if you go out there and talk about raising taxes this idea of raising someone's taxes if they make $200,000 or $250,000, that's going to hit the majority of small businesses because they file their taxes as an individual or as a couple.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Bipartisan Agreement on the Need for Tax Reform. 13 December 2010. “What is becoming clear is that almost no one thinks the tax code we have now makes sense. I believe we should get rid of the old one and create a new code that is simple, fair and promotes economic growth. Right now, our tax code does none of those things. We need fewer rules, loopholes and alternative minimums. We also shouldn't have different standards for different groups.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Hearing of the House Small Business Committee - How Tax Complexity Hinders Small Businesses: The Impact on Job Creation and Economic Growth. 1 April 2011. “I am encouraged by Chairman Ryan's budget proposal, which recommends lowering the top individual and corporate tax rates.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayers Protection Pledge. “I, Samuel Graves, pledge to the taxpayers of the 6th district of the state of Missouri and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates.” (atr.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Letter to Representative Hensarling, Senator Murray, and Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 17 November 2011. “It is evident that America has a fiscal crisis because Washington spends too much, not because it taxes too little. According to the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office, tax revenues will reach or exceed the historical average of 18 percent of economic output by the end of this decade, even as spending continues to increase at an unsustainable rate. Increasing taxes on Americans would destroy jobs, erase all hope of an economic recovery, and simply serve to feed out-of-control spending in Washington. Thus, as you continue the important task to reach a deficit reduction agreement, we ask that any policies the Joint Select Committee prescribes not increase Americans' tax burden. With current levels of taxation already limiting economic growth, we believe that marginal rates must be maintained or lowered and that repeal of any tax credit or deduction be offset with an equal or greater tax cut. Although there are diverse beliefs toward specific policies that should be included in any deficit reduction plan, we must recognize that increasing the tax burden on American businesses and citizens, especially during a fragile recovery, is irresponsible and dangerous to the health of the United States.” (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Sam Graves voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 89 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 80 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Tax Reform By the People, For the People. 23 January 2006. “From the Alternative Minimum Tax, which you pay if the government determines you haven't paid enough taxes, to the double taxation of dividends, our tax code is full of different rules for different groups. I think that is fundamentally unfair. America should have only one tax code and it ought to apply evenly to everyone.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Video: Chairman Graves on Fox Business 6.28.11. 28 June 2011. “But if you go out there and talk about raising taxes this idea of raising someone's taxes if they make $200,000 or $250,000, that's going to hit the majority of small businesses because they file their taxes as an individual or as a couple.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Bipartisan Agreement on the Need for Tax Reform. 13 December 2010. “What is becoming clear is that almost no one thinks the tax code we have now makes sense. I believe we should get rid of the old one and create a new code that is simple, fair and promotes economic growth. Right now, our tax code does none of those things. We need fewer rules, loopholes and alternative minimums. We also shouldn't have different standards for different groups.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Hearing of the House Small Business Committee - How Tax Complexity Hinders Small Businesses: The Impact on Job Creation and Economic Growth. 1 April 2011. “I am encouraged by Chairman Ryan's budget proposal, which recommends lowering the top individual and corporate tax rates.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayers Protection Pledge. “I, Samuel Graves, pledge to the taxpayers of the 6th district of the state of Missouri and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates.” (atr.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Letter to Representative Hensarling, Senator Murray, and Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 17 November 2011. “It is evident that America has a fiscal crisis because Washington spends too much, not because it taxes too little. According to the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office, tax revenues will reach or exceed the historical average of 18 percent of economic output by the end of this decade, even as spending continues to increase at an unsustainable rate. Increasing taxes on Americans would destroy jobs, erase all hope of an economic recovery, and simply serve to feed out-of-control spending in Washington. Thus, as you continue the important task to reach a deficit reduction agreement, we ask that any policies the Joint Select Committee prescribes not increase Americans' tax burden. With current levels of taxation already limiting economic growth, we believe that marginal rates must be maintained or lowered and that repeal of any tax credit or deduction be offset with an equal or greater tax cut. Although there are diverse beliefs toward specific policies that should be included in any deficit reduction plan, we must recognize that increasing the tax burden on American businesses and citizens, especially during a fragile recovery, is irresponsible and dangerous to the health of the United States.” (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Sam Graves voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 89 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 80 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk with Sam - Cut, Cap and Balance. 18 July 2011. “Now is the time to cut, cap and balance our federal spending.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Townhall.com: Spending Cuts Mean More Small Business Job Creation. 17 May 2011. “President Obama’s failed $862 billion stimulus bill is the perfect example of doing just the opposite. Democrats promised that the stimulus would keep the unemployment rate below eight percent and be the answer to all our economic woes. But based on the current job and economic climate— we all know that didn’t work. Spending taxpayer dollars on more big government programs does not create private sector jobs or foster real economic growth.” (townhall.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk: Committee Members React to Obama's State of the Union Address. 28 January 2011. “We need a new approach in Washington. The government cannot create jobs, but -- with the right polices -- it can set the table for economic growth and create certainty for our nation's small business owners. As the Chairman of the Small Business Committee, I intend to work with my colleagues to cut spending, rein in the scope of government, and eliminate unmanageable regulations and programs that stifle job creation.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Chairman Graves' Statement on August Jobs Report. 2 September 2011. "Next week, President Obama plans to unveil a jobs plan to the country. If he is as serious about job growth as he says he is, then any plan must include removing barriers for small business owners and entrepreneurs by reining in federal spending, lowering taxes and removing burdensome regulations. Small business growth is the answer to our unemployment crisis. Not more Big Government spending plans, not higher taxes and certainly not more onerous regulations. We must put free market solutions into place that will unleash private sector ingenuity and get Americans back on the job." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Statement on January Unemployment Report. 4 February 2011. "Generating jobs is one of our nation's greatest challenges these days -- only 36,000 jobs were created in January. We can do better, but not through the Administration's plans for more stimulus spending and debt. That didn't work before, and it won't work now.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Letter to The Honorable John Boehner Speaker, U.S. House of Representatives and The Honorable Eric Cantor Majority Leader, U.S. House of Representatives. 6 June 2011. “To ensure that spending cuts continue, we need statutory, enforceable total-spending caps to reduce federal spending to 18% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with automatic spending reductions if the caps are breached--an approach taken in a bill by Rep. Mack and in another bill by Reps. Kingston, Flake, and Graves.” (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Sam Graves voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Sam Graves a rating of 84 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Sam Graves voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk with Sam - Cut, Cap and Balance. 18 July 2011. “Now is the time to cut, cap and balance our federal spending.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Chairman Graves' Statement on August Jobs Report. 2 September 2011. "Next week, President Obama plans to unveil a jobs plan to the country. If he is as serious about job growth as he says he is, then any plan must include removing barriers for small business owners and entrepreneurs by reining in federal spending, lowering taxes and removing burdensome regulations. Small business growth is the answer to our unemployment crisis. Not more Big Government spending plans, not higher taxes and certainly not more onerous regulations. We must put free market solutions into place that will unleash private sector ingenuity and get Americans back on the job." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Statement on January Unemployment Report. 4 February 2011. "Generating jobs is one of our nation's greatest challenges these days -- only 36,000 jobs were created in January. We can do better, but not through the Administration's plans for more stimulus spending and debt. That didn't work before, and it won't work now.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Letter to The Honorable John Boehner Speaker, U.S. House of Representatives and The Honorable Eric Cantor Majority Leader, U.S. House of Representatives. 6 June 2011. “To ensure that spending cuts continue, we need statutory, enforceable total-spending caps to reduce federal spending to 18% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with automatic spending reductions if the caps are breached--an approach taken in a bill by Rep. Mack and in another bill by Reps. Kingston, Flake, and Graves.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk: Committee Members React to Obama's State of the Union Address. 28 January 2011. “We need a new approach in Washington. The government cannot create jobs, but -- with the right polices -- it can set the table for economic growth and create certainty for our nation's small business owners. As the Chairman of the Small Business Committee, I intend to work with my colleagues to cut spending, rein in the scope of government, and eliminate unmanageable regulations and programs that stifle job creation.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Townhall.com: Spending Cuts Mean More Small Business Job Creation. 17 May 2011. “President Obama’s failed $862 billion stimulus bill is the perfect example of doing just the opposite. Democrats promised that the stimulus would keep the unemployment rate below eight percent and be the answer to all our economic woes. But based on the current job and economic climate— we all know that didn’t work. Spending taxpayer dollars on more big government programs does not create private sector jobs or foster real economic growth.” (townhall.com)
  • Sam Graves. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Sam Graves voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Sam Graves a rating of 84 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Sam Graves voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Video: Sixth Congressional District Debate: Part 4. 22 October 2008. “Congress has failed to do its job and renew No Child Left Behind, which is unfortunate because there definitely needs to be some changes in No Child Left Behind.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Introduces Bipartisan Education Reform. 18 June 2010. "Time and again, Congress has put off reforming No Child Left Behind leaving our teachers and students to deal with requirements that are both unfair and unproductive. […] We need accountability in education, but we also need to make sure that we are not setting up students and schools to fail.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Welcomes Bipartisan Approach To Education Reform. 18 February 2010. "Everyone agrees that we need to fix No Child Left Behind. This is an opportunity for Congress to work together and improve the law instead of bickering. […] We all want accountability, but we should not be setting schools up for failure down the road. Instead of holding children and schools to arbitrary benchmarks of performance, we should measure how each student in a school improves from year to year and reward those schools that help their students make substantial gains in performance." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Introduces Bipartisan Education Reform. 18 June 2010. "Time and again, Congress has put off reforming No Child Left Behind leaving our teachers and students to deal with requirements that are both unfair and unproductive. […] We need accountability in education, but we also need to make sure that we are not setting up students and schools to fail.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Welcomes Bipartisan Approach To Education Reform. 18 February 2010. "Everyone agrees that we need to fix No Child Left Behind. This is an opportunity for Congress to work together and improve the law instead of bickering. […] We all want accountability, but we should not be setting schools up for failure down the road. Instead of holding children and schools to arbitrary benchmarks of performance, we should measure how each student in a school improves from year to year and reward those schools that help their students make substantial gains in performance." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Video: Sixth Congressional District Debate: Part 4. 22 October 2008. “Congress has failed to do its job and renew No Child Left Behind, which is unfortunate because there definitely needs to be some changes in No Child Left Behind.” (www.youtube.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Graves Opposes National Energy Tax. 26 June 2009. “Friday, the U.S. Congress passed a cap and trade bill to limit carbon emissions on a 219-212 vote. U.S. Congressman Sam Graves opposed the bill saying that a national energy tax on all Americans will only harm the economy. One independent study showed that the Cap and Trade bill would cost Americans over 2 million jobs per year. In the Sixth District alone, a Heritage Foundation study estimated that 3,609 jobs would be lost in 2012. 'This is an energy tax that will be felt by every manufacturer, every small business and every single American family,' said Graves. 'The impact of cap and trade will be much greater on producers, manufacturers and other small businesses in rural America because of higher energy prices, higher farm input costs and higher transportation costs.'” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Providing For Consideration Of H.R. 2454, American Clean Energy And Security Act Of 2009. 26 June 2009. “I have financially strapped companies in my district, who instead of laying off their employees have chosen to keep them on payroll at reduced hours. These business owners and employees are making serious sacrifices. Should this cap and tax provision be implemented while these companies continue to struggle to survive this economic downturn, their strategic and innovative efforts will become null and void and their employees will join the already overextended unemployment line.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Signed Americans for Prosperity: NoClimateTax.com Pledge. 30 June 2010. “I, Sam Graves, pledge to the taxpaers of the State of Missouri and to the American people that I will oppose any legislation relating to climate change that includes a net increase in government revenue.” (www.noclimatetax.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk With Sam: Congress Has A Chance To Do Better In New Year. 28 December 2009. “The clock is about to strike midnight on 2009. As far as years go in Congress, it was not one that I want to remember. Washington racked up a national deficit of $1.4 trillion in the last fiscal year. It set a new record and pushed our national debt over $12 trillion. Some of your money went to the $787 billion stimulus bill that failed to stimulate the economy. Our national unemployment rate soared to over ten percent. That rate was the highest in more than 25 years. Lawmakers passed a cap and trade bill that will drive jobs overseas and increase energy costs for everyone. It will hit farmers, rural America and small manufacturers the hardest.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Weighing the Price of Clean Energy. 20 June 2009. “U.S. Rep. Sam Graves insists the impact of energy costs will land disproportionately on farmers and rural America with passage of clean energy legislation now before Congress. Moreover, the Northwest Missouri Republican contends the Waxman-Markey Bill, which might move to the full House next week, uses its stated purpose (to limit carbon emissions and slow climate change) as a disguise for an energy tax that will burden American businesses and shift jobs overseas.” (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Sam Graves voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Sam Graves voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 10 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of Environment America 27 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Opposes National Energy Tax. 26 June 2009. “Friday, the U.S. Congress passed a cap and trade bill to limit carbon emissions on a 219-212 vote. U.S. Congressman Sam Graves opposed the bill saying that a national energy tax on all Americans will only harm the economy. One independent study showed that the Cap and Trade bill would cost Americans over 2 million jobs per year. In the Sixth District alone, a Heritage Foundation study estimated that 3,609 jobs would be lost in 2012. 'This is an energy tax that will be felt by every manufacturer, every small business and every single American family,' said Graves. 'The impact of cap and trade will be much greater on producers, manufacturers and other small businesses in rural America because of higher energy prices, higher farm input costs and higher transportation costs.'” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Providing For Consideration Of H.R. 2454, American Clean Energy And Security Act Of 2009. 26 June 2009. “I have financially strapped companies in my district, who instead of laying off their employees have chosen to keep them on payroll at reduced hours. These business owners and employees are making serious sacrifices. Should this cap and tax provision be implemented while these companies continue to struggle to survive this economic downturn, their strategic and innovative efforts will become null and void and their employees will join the already overextended unemployment line.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Signed Americans for Prosperity: NoClimateTax.com Pledge. 30 June 2010. “I, Sam Graves, pledge to the taxpaers of the State of Missouri and to the American people that I will oppose any legislation relating to climate change that includes a net increase in government revenue.” (www.noclimatetax.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk With Sam: Congress Has A Chance To Do Better In New Year. 28 December 2009. “The clock is about to strike midnight on 2009. As far as years go in Congress, it was not one that I want to remember. Washington racked up a national deficit of $1.4 trillion in the last fiscal year. It set a new record and pushed our national debt over $12 trillion. Some of your money went to the $787 billion stimulus bill that failed to stimulate the economy. Our national unemployment rate soared to over ten percent. That rate was the highest in more than 25 years. Lawmakers passed a cap and trade bill that will drive jobs overseas and increase energy costs for everyone. It will hit farmers, rural America and small manufacturers the hardest.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Weighing the Price of Clean Energy. 20 June 2009. “U.S. Rep. Sam Graves insists the impact of energy costs will land disproportionately on farmers and rural America with passage of clean energy legislation now before Congress. Moreover, the Northwest Missouri Republican contends the Waxman-Markey Bill, which might move to the full House next week, uses its stated purpose (to limit carbon emissions and slow climate change) as a disguise for an energy tax that will burden American businesses and shift jobs overseas.” (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Sam Graves voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Sam Graves voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 10 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of Environment America 27 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. District of Columbia Personal Protection Act. 29 September 2004. “It was clear that there was a significant bias at the CDC in favor of gun control. And that bias remains. But even the CDC, in a study conducted last year, found no evidence that gun bans reduce crime. For that matter, the study found no evidence that any form of gun control reduces crime. Around the same time, the Library of Congress studied the relationship of gun control to crime in 27 foreign countries, and it concluded there was no relationship between gun restrictions and crime. […] So, the gun control supporters' motto, "More guns means more crime," is demonstrably false.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Votes to End Gun Lawsuits. 21 October 2005. "It is common sense legislation that holds people responsible for their actions. It prevents a few state courts from suing the entire industry and protects our right to bear arms in this country. Most gun owners are law abiding citizens. These irresponsible lawsuits seriously threaten the supply of guns and ammunition available for hunting, self-defense, collecting, competitive or recreational shooting, and other lawful activities, and it is time to put a stop to them." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Votes to Protect 2nd Amendment Rights. 18 September 2008. “The Second Amendment Enforcement Act amends the D.C. gun law to protect the rights of Washington, D.C. gun owners in a way that appropriately complies with our United States Constitution. Today's vote is a win for Washington, D.C. residents who deserve the same protections offered by the Second Amendment that are provided to the rest of this country's citizenry." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves: Defending Gun Ownership is the Right Decision. 26 June 2008. “The Supreme Court made the right decision in standing up for the Constitution and reaffirming the right of Americans to keep and bear arms. Our founding fathers intended the Second Amendment to guarantee this fundamental right. With today's decision, the Court has stopped the attempts to limit individual liberty and confirmed the rights of law-abiding citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Gun Rights. 10 September 2012. “The founding fathers were very clear in their intent when they wrote the Second Amendment to the Constitution. They believed that the population had the right to own and maintain firearms. Legal, law-abiding citizens have the right to defend themselves and their families from criminals and those who would do them harm. The recent Supreme Court decisions that have struck down various gun bans are certainly a step in the right direction. However, I will remain vigilant in my defense of gun rights.” (www.gravesforcongress.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk With Sam - H.R. 45 is the Latest Attempt at Gun Control. 4 May 2009. “In 1789, James Madison drafted the first ten amendments to our Constitution. There were actually 12 of them, but only 10 amendments were ratified in 1791. Among them was the second amendment which stated: "A well-regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. Every session, someone in Congress proposes weakening the rights of gun owners. Those attempts have failed repeatedly. They have failed because taking away people's rights is never the answer. However, we must be vigilant because those attempts have not stopped.” (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Sam Graves voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Sam Graves in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Sam Graves voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 0 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Sam Graves a grade of 82." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. District of Columbia Personal Protection Act. 29 September 2004. “It was clear that there was a significant bias at the CDC in favor of gun control. And that bias remains. But even the CDC, in a study conducted last year, found no evidence that gun bans reduce crime. For that matter, the study found no evidence that any form of gun control reduces crime. Around the same time, the Library of Congress studied the relationship of gun control to crime in 27 foreign countries, and it concluded there was no relationship between gun restrictions and crime. […] So, the gun control supporters' motto, "More guns means more crime," is demonstrably false.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Votes to End Gun Lawsuits. 21 October 2005. "It is common sense legislation that holds people responsible for their actions. It prevents a few state courts from suing the entire industry and protects our right to bear arms in this country. Most gun owners are law abiding citizens. These irresponsible lawsuits seriously threaten the supply of guns and ammunition available for hunting, self-defense, collecting, competitive or recreational shooting, and other lawful activities, and it is time to put a stop to them." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Votes to Protect 2nd Amendment Rights. 18 September 2008. “The Second Amendment Enforcement Act amends the D.C. gun law to protect the rights of Washington, D.C. gun owners in a way that appropriately complies with our United States Constitution. Today's vote is a win for Washington, D.C. residents who deserve the same protections offered by the Second Amendment that are provided to the rest of this country's citizenry." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves: Defending Gun Ownership is the Right Decision. 26 June 2008. “The Supreme Court made the right decision in standing up for the Constitution and reaffirming the right of Americans to keep and bear arms. Our founding fathers intended the Second Amendment to guarantee this fundamental right. With today's decision, the Court has stopped the attempts to limit individual liberty and confirmed the rights of law-abiding citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Gun Rights. 10 September 2012. “The founding fathers were very clear in their intent when they wrote the Second Amendment to the Constitution. They believed that the population had the right to own and maintain firearms. Legal, law-abiding citizens have the right to defend themselves and their families from criminals and those who would do them harm. The recent Supreme Court decisions that have struck down various gun bans are certainly a step in the right direction. However, I will remain vigilant in my defense of gun rights.” (www.gravesforcongress.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk With Sam - H.R. 45 is the Latest Attempt at Gun Control. 4 May 2009. “In 1789, James Madison drafted the first ten amendments to our Constitution. There were actually 12 of them, but only 10 amendments were ratified in 1791. Among them was the second amendment which stated: "A well-regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. Every session, someone in Congress proposes weakening the rights of gun owners. Those attempts have failed repeatedly. They have failed because taking away people's rights is never the answer. However, we must be vigilant because those attempts have not stopped.” (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Sam Graves voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Sam Graves in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Sam Graves voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 0 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Sam Graves a grade of 82." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Facebook: Wall. 4 January 2011. “The House is expected to vote on repealing the health care bill next Wednesday- January 12th. It will be interesting to see how many lawmakers from the minority party join us in repealing it.” (www.facebook.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Facebook: Wall. Healthcare Law's Fate Now In Supreme Court's Hands. 14 November 2011. “This will be a landmark case. I'm hopeful the Justices will strike down the law as unconstitutional. Never before have we been required to buy a good or service as American citizens.” (www.facebook.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Votes to Repeal Healthcare Law. 19 January 2011. “The health care law isn’t about reforming our health care system, it’s about a government takeover of the health care industry. Instead of reining in costs and improving access, this law would result in fewer jobs, higher taxes and more unconstitutional big government mandates.” (www.house.gov)
  • Samuel Graves. The Washington Examiner - If They Like Their Health Care, Can Small Businesses Keep It? 16 August 2011. “I am particularly concerned about Obamacare's effect on our small companies. Small businesses are our best job creators, and it is imperative that we provide an environment that allows them to thrive. Unfortunately, many of Obamacare's provisions do just the opposite.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Video: Sam Graves on Health Care Repeal Legislation. 18 January 2011. “Madame Speaker I rise today in support of HR 2, legislation to repeal the job-destroying health care law that was rushed through Congress last year. The American people have repeatedly voiced their frustration over the way the health care law put the government between patients and their doctors.” (www.youtube.com)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Facebook: Wall. 4 January 2011. “The House is expected to vote on repealing the health care bill next Wednesday- January 12th. It will be interesting to see how many lawmakers from the minority party join us in repealing it.” (www.facebook.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Facebook: Wall. Healthcare Law's Fate Now In Supreme Court's Hands. 14 November 2011. “This will be a landmark case. I'm hopeful the Justices will strike down the law as unconstitutional. Never before have we been required to buy a good or service as American citizens.” (www.facebook.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Votes to Repeal Healthcare Law. 19 January 2011. “The health care law isn’t about reforming our health care system, it’s about a government takeover of the health care industry. Instead of reining in costs and improving access, this law would result in fewer jobs, higher taxes and more unconstitutional big government mandates.” (www.house.gov)
  • Samuel Graves. The Washington Examiner - If They Like Their Health Care, Can Small Businesses Keep It? 16 August 2011. “I am particularly concerned about Obamacare's effect on our small companies. Small businesses are our best job creators, and it is imperative that we provide an environment that allows them to thrive. Unfortunately, many of Obamacare's provisions do just the opposite.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Video: Sam Graves on Health Care Repeal Legislation. 18 January 2011. “Madame Speaker I rise today in support of HR 2, legislation to repeal the job-destroying health care law that was rushed through Congress last year. The American people have repeatedly voiced their frustration over the way the health care law put the government between patients and their doctors.” (www.youtube.com)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sam Graves. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Campaign Ad: Rep. Graves (R-MO) TV Ad Attacks Opponent's San Fran Values. 20 May 2008. “A ritzy California fund-raiser celebrating Barnes's San Francisco style values. YES to amnesty for illegal immigrants, […] Kay Barnes is raising hundreds of thousands of dollars from west-coast liberals for promoting their values... not ours.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Enforcement Must Come First, But Amnesty Never. 13 June 2007. “You also cannot be serious about fixing our immigration system when your answer is to reward those who have broken the law. Simply granting them amnesty will only invite more illegal aliens into the country. We tried that in 1986, it didn't work then and it won't work now.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves' Statement on Immigration Deal. 17 May 2007. "I believe our country is great because of legal immigration, not inspite of it. However, I will not support any form of amnesty and I will work with my colleagues to defeat this bill if it makes it to the House. I believe that we must secure our borders. There is a legal way to enter this country and we should not reward those who haven't followed it." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves: Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants Unacceptable. 9 December 2010. "Simply put, the so-called DREAM Act subsidizes education for illegal immigrants and may grant as many as two million people amnesty. I have heard overwhelmingly from Northwest Missourians that they do not want amnesty for anyone who is here illegally. They want border security and a smarter system for legal immigration. Instead, the House passed -- over my strong objections -- a piece of legislation that will encourage more illegal immigration and inevitably lead to fewer jobs for hard-working Americans. This bill is unacceptable, which is why it will not be passed by the United State Senate and will not become law." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk With Sam. 16 June 2008. “But politicians in Washington just aren't serious about securing our border. First they tried to pass off amnesty as comprehensive immigration reform, which I am proud to say that I fought to stop. Now, Nancy Pelosi is blocking a bi-partisan bill, the SAVE Act, that will make it tougher for illegal immigrants to get across the border, find a job, and stay here once they get caught.” (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Sam Graves voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Sam Graves in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Sam Graves in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Campaign Ad: Rep. Graves (R-MO) TV Ad Attacks Opponent's San Fran Values. 20 May 2008. “A ritzy California fund-raiser celebrating Barnes's San Francisco style values. YES to amnesty for illegal immigrants, […] Kay Barnes is raising hundreds of thousands of dollars from west-coast liberals for promoting their values... not ours.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Enforcement Must Come First, But Amnesty Never. 13 June 2007. “You also cannot be serious about fixing our immigration system when your answer is to reward those who have broken the law. Simply granting them amnesty will only invite more illegal aliens into the country. We tried that in 1986, it didn't work then and it won't work now.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves' Statement on Immigration Deal. 17 May 2007. "I believe our country is great because of legal immigration, not inspite of it. However, I will not support any form of amnesty and I will work with my colleagues to defeat this bill if it makes it to the House. I believe that we must secure our borders. There is a legal way to enter this country and we should not reward those who haven't followed it." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves: Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants Unacceptable. 9 December 2010. "Simply put, the so-called DREAM Act subsidizes education for illegal immigrants and may grant as many as two million people amnesty. I have heard overwhelmingly from Northwest Missourians that they do not want amnesty for anyone who is here illegally. They want border security and a smarter system for legal immigration. Instead, the House passed -- over my strong objections -- a piece of legislation that will encourage more illegal immigration and inevitably lead to fewer jobs for hard-working Americans. This bill is unacceptable, which is why it will not be passed by the United State Senate and will not become law." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk With Sam. 16 June 2008. “But politicians in Washington just aren't serious about securing our border. First they tried to pass off amnesty as comprehensive immigration reform, which I am proud to say that I fought to stop. Now, Nancy Pelosi is blocking a bi-partisan bill, the SAVE Act, that will make it tougher for illegal immigrants to get across the border, find a job, and stay here once they get caught.” (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Sam Graves voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Sam Graves voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Sam Graves in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Sam Graves in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Campaign Ad: Rep. Graves (R-MO) Second Ad on “San Fran Values.” 30 May 2008. “Kay Barnes San Francisco fundraiser was a hit when a California Supreme Court declared same-sex marriage a Constitutional right. The Kansas City Gay-Pride Club supports Kay Barnes's agenda to make same-sex marriage the law in Missouri.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Campaign Ad: Rep. Graves (R-MO) TV Ad Attacks Opponent's San Fran Values. 20 May 2008. “A ritzy California fund-raiser celebrating Barnes's San Francisco style values. YES to same-sex marriage, […] Kay Barnes is raising hundreds of thousands of dollars from west-coast liberals for promoting their values... not ours.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Speaks on House Floor in Support of Marriage Protection Amendment. 18 July 2006. "Unfortunately, the sacred institution of marriage and the will of the American people are under direct assault by an out of control judiciary branch. Radical judges on the Supreme Court of Massachusetts have already imposed same-sex marriage on unwilling citizens in that commonwealth, and I fear that activist state and federal judges will soon impose same-sex marriage upon other jurisdictions across our nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Issue Position: Values. "I believe marriage is between ONE man and ONE woman and that we should protect the lives of the unborn under all but the direst of circumstances. As your Congressman, I will continue the fight to keep both marriage and life sacred." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Marriage Protection Amendment. 18 July 2006. “Mr. Speaker, today I proudly rise in support of House Joint Resolution 88, the Marriage Protection Amendment. Today, Mr. Speaker, 45 out of 50 States have enacted laws defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman. That is 90 percent of the States, and these States contain 88 percent of the population. […] What that means is the people in my home State of Missouri may have legal recognition of same-sex marriage forced upon them, even though 71 percent of Missourians voted to adopt an amendment preventing such a practice.” (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Sam Graves voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Sam Graves voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the American Family Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 83 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Sam Graves voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Campaign Ad: Rep. Graves (R-MO) Second Ad on “San Fran Values.” 30 May 2008. “Kay Barnes San Francisco fundraiser was a hit when a California Supreme Court declared same-sex marriage a Constitutional right. The Kansas City Gay-Pride Club supports Kay Barnes's agenda to make same-sex marriage the law in Missouri.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Campaign Ad: Rep. Graves (R-MO) TV Ad Attacks Opponent's San Fran Values. 20 May 2008. “A ritzy California fund-raiser celebrating Barnes's San Francisco style values. YES to same-sex marriage, […] Kay Barnes is raising hundreds of thousands of dollars from west-coast liberals for promoting their values... not ours.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Samuel Graves. Graves Speaks on House Floor in Support of Marriage Protection Amendment. 18 July 2006. "Unfortunately, the sacred institution of marriage and the will of the American people are under direct assault by an out of control judiciary branch. Radical judges on the Supreme Court of Massachusetts have already imposed same-sex marriage on unwilling citizens in that commonwealth, and I fear that activist state and federal judges will soon impose same-sex marriage upon other jurisdictions across our nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Issue Position: Values. "I believe marriage is between ONE man and ONE woman and that we should protect the lives of the unborn under all but the direst of circumstances. As your Congressman, I will continue the fight to keep both marriage and life sacred." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Marriage Protection Amendment. 18 July 2006. “Mr. Speaker, today I proudly rise in support of House Joint Resolution 88, the Marriage Protection Amendment. Today, Mr. Speaker, 45 out of 50 States have enacted laws defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman. That is 90 percent of the States, and these States contain 88 percent of the population. […] What that means is the people in my home State of Missouri may have legal recognition of same-sex marriage forced upon them, even though 71 percent of Missourians voted to adopt an amendment preventing such a practice.” (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Sam Graves voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Sam Graves voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the American Family Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 83 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sam Graves. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Sam Graves voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Condemning the Recent Attacks Against the State of Israel. 19 July 2006. “Madam Speaker, Israel is the oldest democracy in a region not known for liberty, and is our oldest ally in a region with many agents that are hostile to America and our interests. We must strongly support our old friend in this time of crisis. We also must condemn Hamas, Hezbollah, and their Iranian and Syrian sponsors in the strongest terms possible for their terrorist attacks on innocent Israelis. As we know all too well, we must hunt down and eradicate terrorists wherever they find sanctuary and assistance, and Israel is doing just that; Israel is taking the fight to the terrorists.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Declaring that the United States Will Prevail in the Global War on Terror. 16 June 2006. “Mr. Speaker, I rise today in strong support of House Resolution 861. Since the tragic events of September 11, 2001, we have pursued terrorists and brought them to justice around the world. In this Global War on Terror--where evil, bloodthirsty fanatics kill to prevent democracy and liberty from taking root--there is no option for the forces of freedom but victory. This resolution affirms our commitment to victory. It is a solemn declaration that we will prevail over the terrorists, and that we will do so hand in hand with all who cherish freedom and repudiate extremism.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Recognizing Israel's Right to Defend Itself Against Attacks from Gaza. 13 January 2009. “Madam Speaker, I wish to express my strong support for House Resolution 34, recognizing Israel's universal and sovereign right to defend itself from acts of war and aggression, and reaffirming the United States' strong support for Israel in our mutual fight against terrorism. The cause of the present crisis is clear. Hamas, a terrorist organization committed to the destruction of Israel, has continually violated the territorial integrity of the State of Israel, a member of the United Nations, by launching thousands of rocket attacks from Gaza for the purpose of terrorizing and killing the citizens of Israel.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Wexler and 246 Members of Congress Urge EU Not to Provide Aid to New Palestinian Government. 21 March 2007. “In the past two years, US-EU cooperation has yielded positive results in a number of areas, including joint counterterrorism operations, Syria's withdrawal from Lebanon, and growing opposition to Iranian nuclear development at the United Nations (UN). As we continue to work together to help create a stable, peaceful and prosperous Middle East, it is more important than ever that the Quartet remain unified, particularly as it relates to the soon-to-be formed Palestinian unity government and the continued intransigence of the terrorist organization Hamas.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Condemning the Recent Attacks Against the State of Israel. 19 July 2006. “Madam Speaker, Israel is the oldest democracy in a region not known for liberty, and is our oldest ally in a region with many agents that are hostile to America and our interests. We must strongly support our old friend in this time of crisis. We also must condemn Hamas, Hezbollah, and their Iranian and Syrian sponsors in the strongest terms possible for their terrorist attacks on innocent Israelis. As we know all too well, we must hunt down and eradicate terrorists wherever they find sanctuary and assistance, and Israel is doing just that; Israel is taking the fight to the terrorists.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Declaring that the United States Will Prevail in the Global War on Terror. 16 June 2006. “Mr. Speaker, I rise today in strong support of House Resolution 861. Since the tragic events of September 11, 2001, we have pursued terrorists and brought them to justice around the world. In this Global War on Terror--where evil, bloodthirsty fanatics kill to prevent democracy and liberty from taking root--there is no option for the forces of freedom but victory. This resolution affirms our commitment to victory. It is a solemn declaration that we will prevail over the terrorists, and that we will do so hand in hand with all who cherish freedom and repudiate extremism.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Recognizing Israel's Right to Defend Itself Against Attacks from Gaza. 13 January 2009. “Madam Speaker, I wish to express my strong support for House Resolution 34, recognizing Israel's universal and sovereign right to defend itself from acts of war and aggression, and reaffirming the United States' strong support for Israel in our mutual fight against terrorism. The cause of the present crisis is clear. Hamas, a terrorist organization committed to the destruction of Israel, has continually violated the territorial integrity of the State of Israel, a member of the United Nations, by launching thousands of rocket attacks from Gaza for the purpose of terrorizing and killing the citizens of Israel.” (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Wexler and 246 Members of Congress Urge EU Not to Provide Aid to New Palestinian Government. 21 March 2007. “In the past two years, US-EU cooperation has yielded positive results in a number of areas, including joint counterterrorism operations, Syria's withdrawal from Lebanon, and growing opposition to Iranian nuclear development at the United Nations (UN). As we continue to work together to help create a stable, peaceful and prosperous Middle East, it is more important than ever that the Quartet remain unified, particularly as it relates to the soon-to-be formed Palestinian unity government and the continued intransigence of the terrorist organization Hamas.” (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk with Sam: Social Security Needs Long-Term Solution. 2 May 2005. “I believe that we have a window of opportunity to discuss ways of making Social Security more solvent. Missouri common sense tells us that it is easier to make a gradual correction now rather than waiting until the last minute to try and avoid disaster. I will continue to look at different ideas that might strengthen Social Security. In any final plan though, I will insist that there are no changes for those who are already in retirement or are near it. We have made a promise to our senior citizens and it is one I intend to keep. I don't believe we should reduce seniors' benefits or raise the taxes on them.” (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 50 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Sam Graves supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 50 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Samuel Graves. Straight Talk with Sam: Social Security Needs Long-Term Solution. 2 May 2005. “I believe that we have a window of opportunity to discuss ways of making Social Security more solvent. Missouri common sense tells us that it is easier to make a gradual correction now rather than waiting until the last minute to try and avoid disaster. I will continue to look at different ideas that might strengthen Social Security. In any final plan though, I will insist that there are no changes for those who are already in retirement or are near it. We have made a promise to our senior citizens and it is one I intend to keep. I don't believe we should reduce seniors' benefits or raise the taxes on them.” (votesmart.org)

Key

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Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

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