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Todd Russell Platts

Todd Platts' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Todd Russell Platts
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Leslie; 2 Children: T.J., Tom
Birth Date: 03/05/1962
Home City: York, PA
Religion: Episcopalian
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Todd Platts refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted NO on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape;" "e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered;" "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Todd Platts. HR 760. 108th Congress. To prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 4 June 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 2 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected YES for: "4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 60 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted NO on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the Club for Growth 57 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted NO on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. 790 Billion Reasons We Need to Get the Stimulus Right. 13 February 2009. "I voted against the stimulus package because it will explode our national debt while failing to target federal spending on programs that have a proven record of job creation and economic development. Congressional leaders chose to turn a so-called 'economic stimulus' bill into a massive spending package that funds dozens of new federal programs with little or no connection to economic stimulus. Such spending should be considered under the normal budget process, being weighed against other priorities. Instead, with the enactment of this so-called stimulus bill, the federal government will borrow an additional $790 billion over the next two years. Once interest on the additional debt is factored in, the total cost of the bill rises to over $1.1 trillion - approximately $9,400 per family in the United States. A stimulus package focused on three primary components - 'shovel-ready' transportation projects, tax relief for small businesses and families, and extended unemployment benefits for those citizens hardest hit by the economic crisis - could have saved the taxpayers hundreds of billions of dollars while jump-starting the economy with much greater likelihood of success. Such a package would have also likely received widespread bipartisan support. Instead, a bill consisting of more than one thousand pages was crafted with little input from rank-and-file Members, loaded up with countless items unrelated to economic stimulus, and rushed through both Chambers with little opportunity for public scrutiny. The state of our economy is too important of an issue for such an approach. The American people expect and rightfully deserve better - both on substance and in process - from their nation's highest leaders." (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. Platts Urges Participation in the Economic Stimulus Program. 9 October 2008. "The economic stimulus program is meant to provide individuals and families a small measure of relief from the difficult economic climate we are facing. With the rising cost of gas, food and prescription medications, the economic stimulus plan can provide much-needed assistance to veterans, Social Security beneficiaries and other citizens who are struggling to make ends meet." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index;" "Other: Ensuring the long-term solvency of Social Security must be one of our nation's highest priorities."
  • Todd Platts. Spring 2005 Newsletter. Social Security: Where it Stands After 70 Years. "Social Security is a sacred contract between the federal government and the American people. With each dollar in Social Security tax paid into the program, the American people fulfill their end of the deal. The federal government must likewise do the same. With a mom who is currently a Social Security beneficiary and a son and daughter who will not be eligible to retire with full benefits until 2063 and 2066 respectively, I well appreciate the critical importance of protecting and strengthening Social Security for today's retirees and those of future generations." (www.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes."
  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 20 percent in 2005-2006. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools;" "e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program;" "f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans;" "g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college;" "h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders;" "i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders;" "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind);" "j) Other: However, I support significant reforms to NCLB to provide greater flexibility at the local level and to allow the use of a "growth model" for testing."
  • Todd Platts. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 23 May 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. Congratulating Charter Schools for Their Ongoing Contributions to Education. 1 May 2007. "These schools meet the student achievement and accountability requirements under No Child Left Behind in the same manner as traditional public schools and they often set higher individual goals to ensure that they are of high quality. Madam Speaker, I am pleased to join with my colleagues from New York, Louisiana, Connecticut, elsewhere around the country in recognizing these innovative public schools, and I am proud to recognize this week as National Charter Schools Week." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act;" "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act;" "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil);" "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles;" "e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles;" "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted;" "g) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels;" "h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel;" "i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source."
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of Environment America 60 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted NO on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Russell Platts. 2008. National Association of Manufacturers: 2008 Congressional Candidate Questionnaire. Responded YES: "Our approach on this issue must balance being responsible stewards of the environment with impact on the economy," to the question: "11: Would you vote against cap and trade legislation that is designed to reduce carbon emissions, but which studies (like the NAM-ACCF study released in March 2008) indicate would result in significant losses in GDP and jobs (similar to the recent Lieberman-Warner bill)?." (www.bipac.net)
  • Todd Russell Platts. 2008. National Association of Manufacturers: 2008 Congressional Candidate Questionnaire. Responded A: "The government should do both of the above. Conservation and energy alternatives are important for the long-term, but domestic energy production--including drilling for oil and natural gas off-shore and in ANWR--are necessary in the meantime," to the question: "1: The 2007 National Petroleum Council (NPC) report found that global demand for power will increase 50-60 percent by 2030. Strategies the NPC proposes to address this increased need for energy include: additional domestic exploration and production of energy, increased conservation, improved efficiency and development of alternative sources of energy. With regard to domestic exploration and production of energy, please identify which of the following options comes closest to your philosophy. (Provide additional comments below.): A ? The U.S. government should permit significantly expanded domestic exploration and production of energy, even if that is politically unpopular. B ? The U.S. government should mandate increased conservation measures, enhanced efficiency and development of new alternatives in order to address the significant increase in demand for power." (www.bipac.net)
  • Todd Platts. E-Newsletter From Congressman Todd Russell Platts. 16 July 2009. "China is already the lead emitter of greenhouse gases, and India is quickly increasing its emissions. The 'cap and trade' bill would do nothing to slow this trend. In fact, this legislation will likely even accelerate this trend by sending jobs from America where environmental standards are higher to China and India. I will continue to strongly support sensible efforts to promote conservation, to further develop traditional domestic sources of energy in an environmentally-protective manner, and for the continuing development of alternative and renewable energy supplies. Such an approach is a responsible alternative that would protect our economy while charting a long-term energy policy that sustains our environment for future generations." (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. Renewable Energy Amendment Adopted by U.S. House. 4 August 2007. "This amendment is an important step similar to what is already taking place in many states, including my home state of Pennsylvania to help ensure America reduces its dependency on foreign oil and meets its growing energy needs in an environmentally-friendly manner. The question is whether we continue to approach the energy issue as we have for the past 30 years, or if we are going to work towards a more diversified, reliable, and clean energy supply. I look forward to seeing this or a similar provision in any final conference agreement with the Senate." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected MAINTAIN STATUS for: "c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns;" "d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 50 percent from 1991 and 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Todd Platts a grade of A. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. Reaction to the Supreme Court's Decision Regarding the Second Amendment. 27 June 2008. "As a supporter of the Second Amendment, I applaud the United States Supreme Court's decision to reaffirm the right of our citizens to keep and bear arms. After the Supreme Court decided to consider this case - which was based on an appeal of a U.S. Court of Appeals ruling that the District of Columbia's gun control laws violated individuals' Second Amendment rights - I joined with many of my Congressional colleagues in co-signing an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court in support of the Circuit Court's ruling and upholding the Second Amendment as a fundamental individual right." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts signed The Club for Growth: Repeal It! (www.repealit.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 44 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts;" "c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States;" "e) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage;" "f) Support expanding child healthcare programs."
  • Todd Platts. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Russell Platts. 2008. National Association of Manufacturers: 2008 Congressional Candidate Questionnaire. Responded A: "We need expanded health care options, such as Association Health Plans (AHPs) for small businesses and tax credits for individuals, to both expand access and reduce health care inflation," to the question: "14: Please identify which of the following options comes closest to your philosophy for dealing with the issue of rising health care costs. (Provide additional comments below.): A ? The private sector is best suited to manage health care access and cost. B ? Government-paid, universal health care is necessary and inevitable." (www.bipac.net)
  • Todd Platts. Health Care Reform. 16 March 2010. "Everyone agrees that the status quo in health care is unacceptable, but the proposed health care reform legislation is also unacceptable. Two of the greatest gifts that my parents gave my four brothers and sisters and I was a solid foundation in the ideals of common sense and right versus wrong. This health care bill fails to pass both of these principles. Common sense tells us that a health care bill that increases health care costs by over a trillion dollars is wrong; that raises taxes by over $500 billion is wrong; that cuts Medicare by $500 billion is wrong; that forces millions of Americans off of private insurance into a government-run health care plan is wrong; and a plan that allows taxpayer funds to be used for abortion services is wrong." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Establish English as the official national language;" "c) Support a temporary worker program;" "d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants;" "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship;" "Other: We need to secure our borders and enforce our immigration and employment laws justly. Amnesty should not be provided to illegals."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 77 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 11 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Russell Platts. 2008. National Association of Manufacturers: 2008 Congressional Candidate Questionnaire. Responded NO: "I am opposed to amnesty for illegal aliens, who should be required to return home and stand-in-line for legal entry to the U.S.," to the question: "16: Would you vote for comprehensive immigration legislation that would secure the border, dramatically increase H-1B visas and provide a path to citizenship for those already in the United States illegally?" (www.bipac.net)
Yes Inferred Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Todd Platts supported the interests of Peace Action West 8 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted NO on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted NO on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Todd Platts. Platts, Specter oppose timetable for troop withdrawal. 2 December 2009. "Congressman Todd Platts, R-York County, said he was somewhat concerned that President Obama set a timeline for withdrawing the Afghanistan troop surge, saying it might 'encourage the enemy to wait us out.' Still, Platts said his concern was tempered because Obama said troop removal would be contingent upon 'conditions on the ground.' Overall, Platts said the president did a good job Tuesday night of justifying the war in Afghanistan, namely 'that it is truly in the interests of our nation's security and the safety of our nation's citizens,' he said. Platts said he also understood why Obama imposed a deadline, because it tells the Afghan government that it must take responsibility in ensuring its country's safety." (ydr.inyork.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected NO for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?"
  • Todd Platts. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Pennsylvania Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected YES for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?"
  • Todd Platts. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: Todd Platts voted YES on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Pennsylvania Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
Xg) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Maintain Statuse) Environment
Slightly Increasef) FEMA
Slightly Increaseg) Homeland security
Maintain Statush) International aid
Maintain Statusi) Law enforcement (Federal)
Maintain Statusj) Law enforcement (State)
Greatly Increasek) Medical research
Slightly Increasel) National parks
Slightly Increasem) Public health services
Slightly Increasen) Scientific research
Maintain Statuso) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasep) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Greatly Decreaseq) United Nations
Maintain Statusr) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
2) Defense Spending
Greatly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Slightly Increasec) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Statuse) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Less than $12,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decreasec) $40,001-$100,000
Maintain Statusd) $100,001-$180,000
Maintain Statuse) $180,001-$350,000
Maintain Statusf) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Slightly Increasea) Charitable contribution deduction
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Xa) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
Xb) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
Xh) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
Xj) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles

I do not accept and never have accepted campaign contributions from political action committees (PACs). All of my campaign contributions come from individual contributors.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xf) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xg) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xh) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
Xe) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
Xf) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
Xg) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
Xh) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
Xi) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
Xj) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles

j) However, I support significant reforms to NCLB to provide greater flexibility at the local level and to allow the use of a "growth model" for testing

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
Xc) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xe) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

g) and h) I voted in favor of prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation. The specific language in additional legislation regarding discrimination in the workplace will guide my vote on said legislation.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xd) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xe) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xf) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
Xh) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xi) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
Xa) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
Maintain Statusc) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Maintain Statusd) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
Xb) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xc) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xf) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Support a temporary worker program.
Xd) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
Xf) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

We need to secure our borders and enforce our immigration and employment laws justly. Amnesty should not be provided to illegals.

International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
Xc) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesd) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
e) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

b) But only if said Palestinian state recognizes the right of Israel to exist and terrorism against Israel is denounced.

e) Our troop levels need to based on the facts on the ground as determined by our military leaders.

Yesh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yesi) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yesj) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Undecidedk) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Yesl) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Undecidedm) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Undecidedn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Undecidedo) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Undecidedp) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Undecidedr) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles

n, o, and p) Depends on the type of involvement (humnaitarian vs. military) and the level of financial support

International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Yesa) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Yesb) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yesc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Undecidedd) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles

c) But depends on the specific terms of the proposed agreement.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Undecidede) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Nof) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Nog) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Yesh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles

e) Would depend on how imminent and deadly the threat to our nation was. The use of military force should always be a last resort.

g) We need to expand the size of our active forces in order to lessen our need to use national guard units for extended and repeated deployments.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Noa) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Yesb) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Yesd) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
Undecidede) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Nof) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yesg) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

c and d) But only if strict restrictions are in place such as only allowing the use of embyonic stem cells that otherwise would be destroyed by in vitro fertilization clinics.

e) Depends on the specifics of the proposal.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
Xd) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles

Ensuring the long-term solvency of Social Security must be one of our nation's highest priorities.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xc) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles

a) Have supported a 30 hour per week requirement.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

Although the September 11th, 2001 attacks are seven years in the past, it is imperative that we remain ever mindful of the threat that remains and steadfastly committed to providing our military, law enforcement, emergency responders, and intelligence organizations sufficient resources to protect our citizens. We must secure our borders. We must also strengthen our economy, make healthcare more affordable, enact a comprehensive energy policy, and fund priorities such as quality schools, Medicare, and Social Security.

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