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Jo Ann Emerson

Jo Ann Emerson's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Jo Ann Emerson
Gender: Female
Family: Husband: Ron Gladney; 2 Children: Victoria, Katharine; 6 Stepchildren: Elizabeth, Abigail, Alison, Stephanie, Jessica, Sam
Birth Date: 09/16/1950
Birth Place: Bethesda, MD
Home City: Cape Girardeau, MO
Religion: Presbyterian
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Jo Ann Emerson refused to tell citizens where she stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2012, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Jo Ann Emerson voted Did Not Vote on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Perryville Suntimes News - Emerson votes for abortion notification. 3 October 2006. “Because abortion notification laws are different in states like Missouri from states like Illinois, it is important to enforce national standards so parents in Missouri know when their minor child is seeking an abortion. We have to let the family approach this situation with shared information so no hasty or coerced decisions are made. An abortion is a serious, life-and-death matter. To leave a gaping loophole that allows someone to cross a state line and have a secret abortion is irresponsible from the standpoint of federal law." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Did Not Vote on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Family Research Council 93 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Jo Ann Emerson a rating of 50 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2007. 11 January 2007. “Mr. Speaker, 2 years ago I talked about the process and the people that convinced me to vote for H.R. 810. I discussed what the idea of pro-life means to me. I remembered my late husband, Bill Emerson, to this body and talked about the victims of cancer and paralysis and muscular dystrophy and dementia in my district and throughout the Nation. We talked about something upon which we can all agree: human life is precious.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Financial Services And General Government Appropriations Act, 2010. 16 July 2009. “Mr. Chairman, this is a controversial bill to many Americans. Increasing spending by $1.6 billion, or 7 percent, should be allowed to be debated under this bill. In addition, the changes in long-standing policy on abortion and on medical marijuana should also have an opportunity to be debated. […] I urge a 'no' vote.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: When a Law is not a Law. 28 April 2007. “In the meantime, I have voted again and again to pass similar legislation in the U.S. House of Representatives. After sending bill after bill to the Senate to end the unnecessary practice of partial birth abortion, the issue was finally taken up and passed in 2003. President Bush signed the partial birth abortion ban into law.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Marks Anniversary Of Roe v. Wade. 22 January 2010. “Life issues are no less important today than they were 37 years ago. In legislation from health care to annual funding decisions by Congress, important decisions are being made that directly affect the availability and prevalence of abortion in America. It is absolutely essential that we continue to work to protect all Americans in every stage of life, as well as to protect the conscience of the American taxpayer." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Joins "No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act." 21 January 2011. "I think it is highly important that we have a law in place that reflects the intention of Congress to prohibit federal funds, taxpayer dollars, for abortion. Not only should we do so to protect the conscience of taxpayers, but also because the role of our federal government should not be to promote abortion. Life in all its forms is precious, and this legislation would make a strong statement.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
Yes Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of Peace Action West 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: First 8th District Debate part 4. 11 October 2011. “We really, probably do need to stay for the time being and let General Petraeus do his job and not set an arbitrary time table for coming back.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Peace Action 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Lodges Support for Troops in Supplemental Appropriations Bill. 9 March 2005. “The House Appropriations Committee last night approved an emergency supplemental spending bill to fund military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, with the support of U.S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson (MO-08). Emerson voted for a key amendment to raise the death benefit for families of U.S. soldiers killed in combat areas from $12, 400 to $100,000 and raise the level of subsidized life insurance for troops to $400,000. […] The bill includes $73.7 billion for defense needs, including money dedicated to much-needed equipment. Night vision goggles, body armor, communication equipment and up-armor kits for vehicles are chief among the equipment needs Emerson has learned about from Southern Missouri troops.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: Keeping Our House in Order. 29 January 2005. “I don't quarrel with the need to fund our troops. In fact, I've worked tirelessly to make sure our men and women in the field have the equipment and attention they need to get the job done quickly and well. But on other fronts, Congress is tasked with trimming waste, fraud, and abuse from the federal budget in order to shrink the deficit, restrict the growth of government, and put the people's fiscal house in order.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: Providing for the Common Defense. 15 July 2006. “However, our military and American military technology are still extremely important - even if they are the last arrow in our arsenal of diplomacy. Congress and the president have a great obligation to make certain the defense budgets we pass are constantly improving a well-provisioned, organized military. A mobile, prepared force that can move to defend, as well as to attack, is essential to preserving the blessings of liberty that also make us the targets of extremists and international terrorism. Just as in the Cold War, our military must serve as a deterrent. Now it must also protect us against terrorists who do not understand the term, who would sacrifice everything if only to bring America down with them. A strong defense has never been more essential to the future of our democracy.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: Three Emergencies. 17 June 2006. “For such a selfless sacrifice by our troops in a global war on terror, we must back them and represent them. These millions of dollars translate into protective gear, vehicle up-armor kits and a tremendous security investment in Iraq. At the same time, we are making clear the fact that, in return for this investment in the Iraqi people, they must take on even more of these responsibilities and themselves rebuild.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson: Defense Bill Passes in House Appropriations Committee with MO Projects. 16 June 2004. "This bill is essential to the missions of American men and women in uniform around the world. The funding in this legislation will secure upgrades to equipment and supplies that will keep our troops safe in the field, as well as give them the salaries they have earned and the benefits they deserve. As the DoD continues to work hand-in-hand with the Department of Homeland Security, we have a mandate to work together for the protection of American citizens at home and abroad.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Perryville Suntimes News - Emerson votes for defense bill. 3 October 2006. “"Our nation's security begins and ends with the men and women in uniform serving our country. This bill is an important piece of our homeland security, and it contains several priorities in making sure our troops have the equipment and benefits they need to do their dangerous jobs safely. I'm proud that some of this work will be completed in Southern Missouri. I also appreciate the support of our two Missouri Senators, Kit Bond and Jim Talent, in the effort to make this bill as beneficial as possible for the soldiers charged with securing our freedoms." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] c) Defense"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense"
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Allow deduction of payroll taxes from federal income taxes."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Allow deduction of payroll taxes from federal income taxes."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: If Your Taxes Go Up, That Might Just Be A Tax Hike. 5 February 2010. "Washington is engaged in the worst kind of wordplay this month, as the spin-doctors go to work on the president's budget. After more than a year of promises that any tax increases would be limited to families making more than $250,000 per year, the taxes of the middle class may be set to increase, too. But the administration refuses to call those higher taxes a tax increase, saying instead that they are merely allowing some tax breaks to expire. If those tax cuts do expire, then every American who owes taxes after 2010 will experience a stealthy tax hike, and hundreds of thousands of low-income working Americans will owe federal income taxes for the first time in ten years.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: First 8th District Debate part 3. 11 October 2010. “One of the things we must do is to extend all of the tax cuts until such time that the economy begins rebounding more. […] We have the highest corporate tax rates anywhere in the entire world with the exception of Japan, and if we could shrink those tax rates we could get more investment – companies would want to keep more jobs here, not create them overseas, but we penalize any income that they might have because they get double taxed.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Fourth 8th District Debate part 3. 18 October 2010. “If you don't extend the tax cuts of 2001 and 2003, 50% of small business income is going to be impacted because they pay at the individual tax rate. And so they don't know what to do, and so, consequently, until you get that certainty we're not going to get any growth in the economy whatsoever.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Third 8th District Debate part 6. 17 October 2010. “I support, actually, extending the Bush Tax Cuts that began in 2001, and some were added in 2003, because our economy right now is absolutely too fragile to make any changes.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayers Protection Pledge. “I, Jo Ann Emerson, pledge to the taxpayers of the 8th district of the state of Missouri and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates.” (atr.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 60 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 83 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Appropriations Committee Releases Fiscal Year 2012 Financial Services Appropriations Bill. 15 June 2011. "With the Federal debt exceeding $14 trillion, Congress has a responsibility to future generations to reduce the cost and size of government. This bill reduces spending by 9 percent while still providing funding for priority programs like assisting small businesses, funding drug task forces and terrorism and financial intelligence activities." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 95 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Jo Ann Emerson a rating of 73 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Record Debt Marks Six-Month Anniversary Of Stimulus. 17 August 2009. “The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Congress approved six months ago has done little to help the U.S. economy. In Southern Missouri, the effects have been far less than promised, according to the representative who cast her vote against the legislation in February. 'For the first time in history, federal spending tops $3 trillion. It's a mind-boggling figure, but it reflects how out-of-control spending in Washington is today and the seriousness of the commitments we are making looking one, five and ten years down the road,' Emerson said. 'A $12 trillion national debt is excessive, it's irresponsible, it's a long-term detriment to our national economy, and it negatively affects our ability to keep and grow jobs in America.'” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Letter to the Honorable David Obey, Chairman, United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations. 14 September 2010. “For example, the Administration has proposed that the CR continue the failed policies of the "stimulus" bill. The proposal includes provisions to allow as much as $10 billion in unused stimulus money to continue to be spent next year instead of returning it to the Treasury for deficit reduction, and provisions costing over $1.1 billion to allow the Department of Health and Human Services and the Social Security Administration to convert "temporary" one-time stimulus programs into permanent increases in federal spending.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Hearing of the Financial Services and General Government Subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee - FY 2013 Financial Services Appropriations Bill. 20 June 2012. “The bill we are considering today provides $21.15 billion which is $376 million or 1.7% less than fiscal year 2012. Compared to fiscal year 2010, the allocation is a reduction of 12.6% or $3 billion. The bill includes sufficient funds for agencies to complete their work while forcing them to continue to find ways to become more efficient. The funding priorities in the bill include the drug task forces, public safety and education in the District of Columbia, and Treasury's antiterrorism and financial intelligence activities […] In order to pay for these priorities, while still reducing overall spending, the bill reduces the operating expenses for several programs including: the Salaries and Expenses accounts in the Executive Office of the President; the Federal courts -- specifically, their circuit judicial conferences; the Election Assistance Commission; the Federal Trade Commission; the Federal Communications Commission; and several other agencies.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011: House of Representatives. 18 February 2011. “Let me talk a little bit about two things that in my bill, the Financial Services bill, that would be drastically impacted. Number one, an additional 5.5 percent cut totaling $1.02 billion would actually reduce assistance to small businesses but would hurt agencies that protect American citizens from deceptive business practices and fraud. […] I realize it's a well intentioned effort, but it goes too far. I urge a ``no'' vote.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson: Administration's Budget Proposal Tone Deaf to the Need to Cut Spending. 14 February 2011. "The American economy deserves the certainty and confidence provided by a Federal government willing to follow the lead of the American people and tighten their belts. This budget would continue the stimulus spending efforts which have failed at delivering jobs for Missouri." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Slams Administration's $3.8 Trillion Budget Proposal. 1 February 2010. "You can't have it both ways. We have to end the irresponsible spending of money we do not have, and we have to start today. This budget leaves the responsibility of saving for future years and puts the weight of incredible deficits on future generations. […] I refuse to support this budget -- it ignores the realities of our country's economic situation and it defers massive debts to our children. There is nothing responsible about freezing federal spending at all-time record levels. The federal government will have added $3 trillion to the national debt in 2010 and 2011 if this proposal becomes law. We are now borrowing nearly half of the money the federal government spends each year. It's unsustainable, and it will end in fiscal disaster.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Responds To State Of The Union Speech. 27 January 2010. “Federal spending is out of control, but you can't cut our national debt by paying lip service to it. A freeze on some spending is a step in the right direction, but that alone will not cut deficits and reduce the debt. This administration has been on a big-government binge, and they have more than doubled the deficit to a record $1.35 trillion. Some programs have doubled in size in just one year, and freezing spending at all-time highs is not going to solve the problem. […] The problem is spending, plain and simple. This is not penny-ante stuff -- these are high stakes spending decisions bureaucrats and congressional leaders are making with taxpayer dollars.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Opposes More Debt For U.S. Government, Taxpayers. 4 February 2010. "The basic question is whether or not we are going to continue to allow the federal government to spend as though there are no limits. The consequences are dramatic and dire, not just for us but for our children and their children. Restrained economic growth, lost jobs, higher taxes and a diminished role in the world for our democracy are only a few of the side effects we are in the process of assigning to future generations of Americans.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Casts Vote for Balanced Budget Amendment. 18 November 2011. “Federal deficits and runaway spending ultimately do harm to the economy and to the legacy of freedom Americans want to pass on to the next generation. That is why the focus of this House of Representatives is on finding a sustainable path forward, preserving important functions of government and eliminating those that overreach, are inefficient, or have become unnecessary […] The path to responsible government requires fiscal discipline. Until we have a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution, however, Congress must continue to reduce spending, protect taxpayers and aggressively conduct oversight of the administration.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. A President Who Refuses to Budge. 22 February 2012. “The president's budget is really just a stack of paper. It is only as serious as the administration offering it. That said, the budget proposal offered President Obama an important opportunity to turn away from irresponsible deficit spending, trim the size of federal government, and commit to a responsible path forward. Instead, the president's budget was late, it was huge, and it offered only more of what we have come to expect from this administration when it comes to spending: lots of spending […] The Congress will say "no" to the president's budget with little debate. But every American who wants to see a reduction in the amount of federal spending and the size of federal government should remark on the president's budget proposal as proof that we do not have a like-minded partner in the White House. A good example is in the bill I wrote into law last year to fund the portion of government that deals primarily with financial services. I cut the president's budget request for this fiscal year by 25 percent, sending the strong message that we would not tolerate and could not afford his proposal. We need a budget rooted in reality.” (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Did Not Vote on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Weekly Column: What the Economy Needs Right Now. 10 September 2011. “And it is not just the tax code for working Americans we need to sort out -- the tax code for our employers needs attention, too. We and our economy need a simpler tax system, one which is flatter and easier to understand. We also need a system which reflects our priorities: strong families making their own decisions, incentives for job creation by American businesses old and new, as well as international companies thinking about locating here in the U.S.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Third 8th District Debate part 4. 17 October 2010. “We have to simplify our tax structure. Make it flatter, make it more conducive to companies and employers who actually want to grow jobs. I believe we've got to lower the corporate tax rate to be equivalent to what our major trading partners are doing.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Issues: Taxes. 2 February 2012. “America has one of the highest corporate tax rates in the world, a fact which drives jobs and investment overseas. The federal government needs to create a climate that encourages fiscal growth with the tax code ultimately results in opportunity for businesses and employees alike.” (emerson.house.gov)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Issues: Small Business. 2 February 2012. “Small businesses are critical to improving the health of our economy and with unemployment at almost 9 percent; job creation is the most important economic goal we have. Put simply, small businesses drive job growth – both across the nation and in Southern Missouri. Unfortunately, the policies promoted in Washington in recent years have hampered, not promoted, small business growth. Uncertainty, created by runaway regulations, has resulted in an environment hostile to risk taking necessary for entrepreneurs. I've long maintained that many components of the health care law hurt more than they help, and there is no question that the 1099 reporting requirements heap paperwork and costs on small businesses which are already complying with the tax code. I am proud to have been a part of the effort to repeal this onerous reporting requirement imposed on small businesses. The IRS 1099 provision in the health care law required businesses to report for any person or company with which they conduct $600 in transactions in a year.” (emerson.house.gov)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Sworn In as 112th Congress Convenes. 5 January 2011. “We owe it to the future of our country, however, to prevent needless regulations that impede the freedoms of Americans, to preserve the entrepreneurial spirit with smart tax reforms that encourage job creation and economic growth, and to make policies that reflect our desire to pass a healthy, solvent nation on to future generations of Americans.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Third 8th District Debate part 5. 17 October 2010. “I voted for No Child Left Behind and I've kind of regretted it ever since primarily because of, number one, Congress did not fund it, number two, when the regulators got hold of it they made it so you're using basically a cookie-cutter approach, and we all know that what works in St. Louis, for example, doesn't work in Rolla and it doesn't work in Salem. […] I saw the devastation of having a one-size-fits-all approach, and so consequently I have come to the realization that quite frankly we just have to make our curriculums at the local level.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Issues: Education Resources. 2 February 2012. “There is no doubt that a good, high quality education is the foundation for success. But a good education doesn't start in Washington – it starts at home. Simply put, the education of our children is a dual mission. It is about empowering parents and teachers to provide our students with the best education possible and giving them access to the tools to teach the children in their community with limited involvement from bureaucrats in Washington, DC.” (emerson.house.gov)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education (K-12). Other or expanded principles: "Increase funding for reading programs."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education" Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. Other or expanded principles: "Social Security - Federal"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education" 2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? Other or expanded principles: "job training "
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of Environment America 27 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Did Not Vote on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Oil, Oil Everywhere but Not a Drop We Can Use. 25 June 2011. “The real emergency is the shortage of a reliable, affordable supply of domestic energy here in the United States. We have plenty of opportunities to renew offshore oil leases, but they sit idle. The American companies which would like to explore for U.S. oil and bring it to market are being deliberately put off by the administration. Now, that same administration has identified possible supply disruptions in Libya as an emergency, while ignoring the major supply disruption occurring at the hands of bureaucrats here at home.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Says Lowering Gas Prices Will be No. 1 Priority for Congress. 28 August 2008. “The bipartisan compromise Emerson said she favors would create incentives for exploitation of offshore oil fields, oil shale deposits in the Rocky Mountain states, expanded options for nuclear power and support for alternative energy sources. And while she personally supports drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, the reality of Washington politics means that location will likely remain off-limits to exploration, she said.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Issues: Energy and Environment. 2 February 2012. “In the United States, we are blessed with abundant natural resources including oil reserves. Unfortunately, this oil remains in the ground, and our dependency on foreign oil continues because environmental regulations prevent exploration of these natural resources. We must also support and utilize the renewable energy sources that are available to us. These renewable technologies include wind, solar, clean coal and ethanol. We need an energy policy that increases all forms of American energy, enhances conservation, and invests in future fuels at the same time. I have supported the development of these innovative resources.” (emerson.house.gov)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson: Ban on Offshore Drilling Lifted, Vigilance Needed. 30 September 2008. “The combination of an executive order barring offshore leases which was lifted by President Bush and the inability of Congress to pass an extension to a congressional ban on the same lands enables the recovery of offshore oil and natural gas to commence. Legislation passed by the U.S. House of Representatives and backed by the Sierra Club to continue the drilling prohibition was not taken up by the U.S. Senate. Emerson also opposed that bill.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Criticizes U.S. Spending For Brazilian Oil Development. 20 August 2009. “It's totally ridiculous that, at a time when we should be completely focused on ways to boost domestic production of affordable fuels, we are lending $2 billion to finance a project in another hemisphere,” Emerson said. “This administration can get behind offshore drilling in Brazil, but it is completely ignoring the reality of the ongoing energy crisis here at home. […] Americans should be outraged that after years of public outcry, this nation still lacks a comprehensive national energy policy. We have vast offshore resources of oil and natural gas which are untouched, and practically no effort is being made to bring these fuels to the U.S. market. Instead, Congress and the President are focused on carbon tax proposals to raise the cost of energy at home by 40 to 80 percent.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Weekly Address: Government... for the People. 11 February 2011. “In last year's House of Representatives, the voice of the people was often ignored. For instance, when EPA proposed expanding the Clean Air Act to unilaterally regulate greenhouse gases, I worked on a bipartisan legislative proposal with Rep. Skelton, of Missouri, and Rep. Peterson, of Minnesota, to stop this unnecessary threat to jobs and our economy. Unfortunately, our proposal to reverse these onerous and regulations was never given consideration. However, November brought change and legislative proposals to reign in harmful regulatory proposals will now be considered.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Weekly Address: Regulation and Growth. 18 March 2011. “Finally, our small business owners must become experts in federal government in order to navigate the regulatory maze. They comment through the public rulemaking process for fanciful ideas like cap-and-trade energy taxes, guaranteed to put thousands of small concerns out of business and to send thousands more U.S. jobs overseas.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson: Administration's Budget Proposal Tone Deaf to the Need to Cut Spending. 14 February 2011. "Meanwhile this budget would continue funding for job destroying regulations, such as EPA's Greenhouse Gas regulations and implementation of new healthcare regulations." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: First 8th District Debate part 5. 11 October 2010. “Cap-and-trade will put rural Missouri and rural America out of business. It will cost thousands of jobs, it'll increase our electricity costs at least double, it will continue to make manufacturing almost impossible, and it will kill agriculture, and the last thing we need in this country is to import our food.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Fourth 8th District Debate part 3. 18 October 2010. “The environmental regulations that this administration is burdening us with are out of control. And as a matter of fact the EPA is going to impose cap-and-trade, or higher energy taxes, by regulation is the congress doesn't do it.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of Environment America 27 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Background checks at gun shows are ok, as long as they are instant checks and there is no waiting period."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Background checks at gun shows are ok, as long as they are instant checks and there is no waiting period."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Background checks at gun shows are ok, as long as they are instant checks and there is no waiting period."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Support checks at gun shows as long as they are instant checks w/no waiting period."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Support checks at gun shows as long as they are instant checks w/no waiting period."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Background checks at gun shows are ok, as long as they are instant checks and there is no waiting period."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: Strike Down the DC Gun Ban. 2 February 2008. “There are some places in the country where the Second Amendment is restricted by local laws, and the right to bear arms is limited. Clearly these local laws violate the Bill of Rights, from which stem the protections that allow Americans to legally use firearms for hunting, sports, and self-defense. […] Like so many gun laws, the individuals who follow the law are not the problem. It is criminals, especially violent criminals, who flout the law and use weapons to commit crimes. Obviously, there are people in the District of Columbia who have guns in violation of the law. For criminals, it's a great place to ply their trade. It is much easier to steal from, threaten, or even harm law-abiding citizens who the criminal knows will not defend themselves or their homes with a firearm.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson: Supreme Court Again Affirms Second Amendment Rights. 29 June 2010. "There is a clear constitutional line that some cities and states have crossed by prohibiting citizens from lawfully buying and keeping firearms. Often, these laws do little more than take guns out of the hands of law-abiding citizens while criminals ignore the rules. This is a positive decision for Second Amendment advocates, and I am very glad to see the Court make a strong statement in support of gun ownership in all 50 states." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Issues: Protecting Individual Rights. 30 January 2012. “As a long-time and proud member of the NRA, I oppose further gun control measures and believe we must more adequately enforce the laws already on the books. In Congress, I was proud to support the exemption of off-duty law enforcement officers from the ban on carrying concealed weapons in Missouri.” (www.joannemerson.com)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 11 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Jo Ann Emerson in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Jo Ann Emerson a grade of 82." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Cosponsors Repeal of Job-Killing Health Care Law. 6 January 2011. "We need a fresh start, and that means repealing the health care law instead of attempting to untangle it while the administration continues to make new health care regulations that will force Americans out of their existing coverage, increase federal spending, cut Medicare and add bureaucratic inefficiencies to the American health care system.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: First 8th District Debate part 2. 11 October 2010. “I voted twice against the healthcare bill. […] The bill is a boondoggle for insurance companies and pharmaceutical companies, and they're going to make out like bandits. I voted against it. This bill has $500 billion of new taxes in it, it cuts Medicare by $500 billion, and it will destroy the ability of our employers and for folks here in our district to be able to afford any kind of healthcare at all.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Fourth 8th District Debate part 2. 18 October 2010. “It will hurt this district, it will hurt every person here because you will be forced by the government to purchase insurance or pay a fine to the government for not having it. We must repeal it, and until such time that the total bill can be repealed, we will not fund it if we have a conservative congress.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Jo Ann introduces Amendment to Stop Individual Mandate. 18 February 2011. “No American should be forced to buy or purchase health insurance they neither want nor can afford, and the federal government has never based the purchase of a good or service as a condition of being a law abiding citizen.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 20 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: First 8th District Debate part 5. 11 October 2010. “The Federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement Service is not working and doing its job, they're saying let them go because the Obama administration last October said we need to have new regulations and we will only keep those people who are actually terrorists, who we suspect are terrorists. This is no kind of policy.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: Immigration Bill Crosses the Line. 2 June 2007. “Calling the bill a compromise (it is not) and saying it does not include amnesty for illegal immigrants currently living in the U.S. (it does) are just two of the many incongruities between what this bill is and what proponents say it is. Starting with the obvious, some in Congress have seemingly forgotten that citizenship in our great country is a privilege, not a right. We have a proud tradition of immigration to the United States, they claim; and we do. But that tradition is one of legal immigration, through which our ancestors observed the process written in American law in order to come to the land of opportunity. It should not be changed to accommodate those who flaunt the rule of law in the country they wish to live in.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Fourth 8th District Debate part 3. 18 October 2010. “If you're here illegally, you go home, and you apply the legal way. People here illegally don't deserve to have the jobs of our American workers.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Third 8th District Debate part 4. 17 October 2010. “You have one faction in Congress who wants to, actually, take agriculture and use that to create an amnesty program for those people who are here illegally. If we would just enforce the laws – we have laws on the book that says it is illegal to enter this country and work – and yet the government turns its cheek […] we have a policy that basically says catch-and-release like fish. That's not going to work.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Video: Third 8th District Debate part 5. 17 October 2010. “I have introduced legislation to make it a felony to employ illegal immigrants […] I simply think that people who are here illegally, like an ag worker for example, need to go home, apply through the process, and come back here legally.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Jo Ann Emerson in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Jo Ann Emerson in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Defending the Defense of Marriage. 24 July 2004. “Last week, I voted for another measure in the House of Representatives to strengthen the laws that define marriage. In a bipartisan effort, the Marriage Protection Act provides that no state shall be forced to accept a same-sex marriage license that is granted in another state. In effect, a same-sex couple cannot circumvent the marriage statutes of Missouri, for instance, by getting married in Massachusetts and then returning home. Individuals simply cannot choose which state's laws relating to marriage apply to them.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Says "I Do" to Federal Marriage Amendment. 18 July 2006. "Protecting the definition of marriage is an important part of preserving the institution. This is a serious issue that speaks to the very fabric of who we are as Americans and how we view the family. Forty-five states have passed measures to protect the definition of marriage as between one man and one woman. It is unfortunate that this measure did not obtain the necessary support to move forward in the process, but we have sent a strong message from the U.S. House of Representatives which I hope will resonate with the American people. Our institutions and our values are important and they should not be forced to conform to the issues of the day.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Welcomes Bush Support for Constitutional Amendment on Marriage. 24 February 2004. "I am glad to have President Bush's support on this issue. A constitutional amendment is necessary to preserve the definition of marriage, a traditional value held by the American people. Marriage is a privilege we have codified in law, and married couples bear legal, moral, and social responsibilities.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Issue Position: Values. 2 February 2012. “As a wife, mother, and grandmother, the values our nation holds dear are important to Jo Ann. She understands that the morals we teach and uphold in Southern Missouri are the backbone of our way of life. That's why she has worked to defend the sacred institution of marriage and to protect the rights of the unborn. She believes those rights ought to be reflected in the highest laws of our land, the U.S. Constitution, along with the protection of prayer and our American flag. Jo Ann Emerson champions the Southern Missouri family at every opportunity.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 71 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the American Family Association 94 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Family Research Council 85 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Jo Ann Emerson voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Jo Ann Emerson voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 19 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Statement on bin Laden Death. 2 May 2011. "I am very proud of our U.S. military and intelligence community for finishing a job they began after 9-11, in a dark hour for our nation and for the families of nearly 3,000 Americans killed in those heartless attacks. I hope the death of Osama bin Laden provides comfort to the many people still aching from that tragedy. The enemies of freedom should know that America will not stand down for one moment from the mission of keeping the world safe from the scourge of terrorism."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Radio Address: Providing for the Common Defense. 15 July 2006. “A mobile, prepared force that can move to defend, as well as to attack, is essential to preserving the blessings of liberty that also make us the targets of extremists and international terrorism. Just as in the Cold War, our military must serve as a deterrent. Now it must also protect us against terrorists who do not understand the term, who would sacrifice everything if only to bring America down with them. A strong defense has never been more essential to the future of our democracy.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. The Case of the Guantanamo Killer. 30 October 2010. “There can be no mistaking the danger posed to Americans by the likes of Khadr and Abdulmutallab. They are killers, plain and simple, whether on the battlefield, where their targets are U.S. troops, or in civilian spaces where their targets are hundreds, even thousands, of innocent American men, women and children. They must never be allowed to strike us twice, their victims should get the justice they deserve, and the American public must have the security of a code of justice ready and willing to prosecute terrorists and enemy combatants to the fullest extent of the law." (emerson.house.gov)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Big Debt Candy Mountains. 30 July 2011. “Given the size of our obligations to Social Security and Medicare, it may be ten years before we can even balance our federal budget.” (emerson.house.gov)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. All About the Spending. 23 July 2011. “We ought to get two things straight so we can have an honest discussion. First, Republicans do not want to end Medicare and Social Security. Second, Democrats do not want to bankrupt our federal government (which would also end up bankrupting Medicare and Social Security).” (emerson.house.gov)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson Votes for Balanced Budget, Spending Caps. 20 July 2011. "Even with a balanced budget and spending caps, we must choose priorities. Medicare, Social Security, the promises we've made to our veterans and to our children have to be preserved. Believe me, there is a lot of money that can be saved in federal government without touching the programs we rely on most. Sometimes it requires a creative solution or combining two federal offices, but there are lots of ways to make a difference in the amount of taxpayer money we spend without touching Social Security or Medicare.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. Get Serious About Debt. 3 June 2011. “And legislators from each side of the aisle and both houses of Congress are concentrating on the fiscal health of our nation and the long-term solvency of federal programs like Social Security and Medicare. Where there is agreement, we have a starting point to begin the process of restoring balanced budgets and eliminating excessive, wasteful government programs. Where there is disagreement, we have much work to do. We must extend Medicare into the future without curtailing benefits for today's senior citizens or tomorrow's retirees. We must preserve the promise we extend to workers who pay into the Social Security program, no matter their age today. And every young American deserves the assurance that they will inherit opportunity and freedom, not debts and default.” (votesmart.org)
  • Jo Ann Emerson. The Framework Is the Easy Part. 6 August 2011. “First, the good news: The legislation marks the very first time the authority of the Treasury to borrow money has been accompanied by budget cuts. This agreement cuts spending by an amount greater than it increases borrowing. Social Security and Medicare benefits are preserved intact for the Americans enrolled in the programs today and near retirement age. No tax increases of any kind are in the legislation.” (emerson.house.gov)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Jo Ann Emerson supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 50 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2006 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xf) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Budget Priorities
Slightly Increasea) Agriculture
Greatly Decreaseb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Maintain Statusd) Education
Greatly Decreasee) Environment
Greatly Increasef) Homeland security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Slightly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medical research
Maintain Statusj) National parks
Slightly Increasek) Public health services
Maintain Statusl) Scientific research
Greatly Decreasem) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Decreaseo) Welfare
Greatly Increasep) Emergency preparedness
q) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Slightly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) Intelligence operations
Slightly Increasec) Military hardware
Greatly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Slightly Decreasee) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Statusg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Greatly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Statusc) $75,000-$150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Retiree Income
Greatly Decreasef) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Slightly Increasea) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Slightly Increasee) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?
6) Discuss your proposals for balancing the federal budget. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

5) not all

7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Xf) Require Section 527 organizations to register with the Federal Election Commission as Political Action Committees.
Nog) Do you support instant run-off voting?
Undecidedh) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesi) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with educational, vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xg) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of corporate crimes.
h) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
Xa) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Support a federal law to standardize testing and penalties for steroid use in professional sports.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
Xa) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
Xe) Reward teachers with merit pay for working in low-income schools.
f) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
g) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xh) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xi) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
j) Other or expanded principles
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
d) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants.
d) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
Xe) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
Xf) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
Xg) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xi) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xj) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xk) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xl) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xc) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
g) Require a license for gun possession.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xd) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
e) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xf) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
g) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xh) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
i) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program that would enable illegal immigrants to work in the United States legally.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using government funded social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) International Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Noc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
Undecidedd) Should the United States send more troops to Iraq?
e) Discuss your proposals for an exit strategy in Iraq. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
f) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Undecidedb) Should the United States use military force to dismantle the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Undecidedc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
Noa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesb) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs?"
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

Abstinence first

International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Undecided1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)?
Yes3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Undecided5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No6) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
No7) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
8) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yese) Do you support the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in U.S. custody?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to U.S. national security?
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Change the market basket for seniors' COLA's to better reflect choices for seniors (drugs, energy, gas, etc.)

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement government regulation of Internet content.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xd) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
g) Other or expanded principles

Particularly in rural areas.

On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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