Representative William Lacy Clay, Jr.'s Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: William Lacy Clay, Jr.
Current Office: U.S. House - District 1, Democratic
First Elected: 11/2000
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Announced, Democratic for U.S. House - District 1
Primary Aug. 5, 2014
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Ivie; 2 Children: Carol, William III
Birth Date: 07/27/1956
Birth Place: Saint Louis
Home City: Saint Louis, MO
Religion: Roman Catholic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Lacy Clay, Jr. refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Lacy Clay. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Lacy Clay a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Lacy Clay in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statement By Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay Regarding The Passage Of Hr 748, The Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. 27 April 2005. “Roe v. Wade guarantees the right of a woman and her doctor to make decisions about her own health. I have always defended that right, and my position remains unchanged.” (www.votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Abortion should be legal and without restrictions only in the first trimester of pregnancy; in later months it should be legal only to preserve the health of a woman."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Minors should be prohibited from crossing state lines for the purposes of obtaining an abortion without a parents consent."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Should federal subsidies be prohibited from being used for abortion procedures?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri State Legislative Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Pro-choice" for: "a) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support increasing military assistance for Afghanistan?"
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of Peace Action West 75 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Peace Action 75 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Letter to Co-Chairs and Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 21 September 2011. “Congress and the American people have entrusted you with a great responsibility - ensuring the economic well-being of our nation and the creation of jobs. This is no simple task and will require both bold decisions and fair compromises. We understand that you will consider many options when it comes to reaching the benchmarks set by Congress. But too often, when it has come time to reduce spending, the most vulnerable - the working poor and the middle class - have been asked to bear most of the sacrifice. Fortunately, there are other alternatives. To generate much-needed savings, we strongly urged you to examine the costs of the ongoing wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. To date, the wars have cost our taxpayers at least $2.3 trillion, with an additional $884 billion in future costs for veterans and their families. This adds up to a total of at least $3.2 trillion. By ending the wars and paying for a safe, orderly, and responsible redeployment of troops from both Afghanistan and Iraq, we can go a long way toward meeting our fiscal challenges.” (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. The War. 20 July 2007. “I told my colleagues that Iraq did not pose a direct threat to our national security and that we should concentrate our power on capturing Osama Bin Laden and destroying al Qaeda. […] Al Qaeda's terrorist network, which was weakened but not destroyed after we invaded Afghanistan, never lost sight of its enemy. Today, al Qaeda poses as grave a threat to the United States as it did before 9-11.” (www.votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statement By Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay (d) Missouri Regarding President Obama's Address To The Nation On Afghanistan. 2 December 2009. "President Obama reaffirmed his commitment to refocus our military might on the very real threat of Al Qaeda and their Taliban allies in Afghanistan which has been allowed to grow over the last six years while we fought an unnecessary war in Iraq. Afghanistan, and the lawless areas along the border with Pakistan, has always been the real front line of the fight against terrorism […] I pledge my full support for our brave soldiers.” (www.votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?" 2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia. Other or expanded principles: "All diplomatic efforts should be pursued before any military action is considered"

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Decrease" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once. c) Defense"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] c) Defense"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. c) Defense"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Decrease" for: "c) Defense"
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Clay Blasts Republican Budget That Ends Medicare, Guts Medicaid. 15 April 2011. "We have to restore fiscal sanity to the federal budget by reducing spending and paying down the national debt. […] There should be no sacred cows in this process, including defense spending.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. St. Louis Post-Dispatch – Time to Get Real on Debt Negotiations. 13 July 2011. “But changes to the tax code and trimming domestic spending will not be enough. If we're serious about this mission, then the Defense Department needs to put its cards on the table, too. The United States has spent $1.2 trillion in Iraq and Afghanistan over the last 10 years on two wars that were charged on the national credit card with no provision to pay for them. Thankfully, our combat role has ended in Iraq and the draw-down from Afghanistan will begin this month. The peace dividend from ending those conflicts can have a major impact on closing the deficit without endangering national security. But these savings are just the beginning of cutting the fat at the Pentagon.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr.. Letter to the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform. 13 October 2010. “Given the size of our deficit and debt problems as well as the political challenges and policy controversies involved in implementing any solutions to them, it is clear to us that cutting the military budget must be a part of any visible proposal. The Department of Defense currently takes up almost 56% of all discretionary federal spending, and accounts for nearly 65% of the increase in annual discretionary spending levels since 2001. Much of this increase, of course, is attributable to direct war costs, but nearly 37% of discretionary spending growth falls under the "base" or "peacetime" military budget. Applying the adage that is necessary to "go where the money is" requires that rigorous scrutiny be applied to military spending. We believe that such an analysis will show that substantial spending cuts can be made without threatening our national security, without cutting essential funds for fighting terrorism, and without shirking our obligations as a nation to our brave troops currently in the field, our veterans, and our military retirees.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Letter to Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 13 October 2011. "You have a unique opportunity to bring our defense spending in line with our legitimate national defense needs while getting our nation on the path to a balanced budget free of deficit. As former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates noted last year, paraphrasing President Dwight D. Eisenhower, "The United States should spend as much as necessary on national defense, but not one penny more. [...] The June 2010 report of the Sustainable Defense Task Force detailed proposals to reduce our nuclear stockpile substantially, realizing savings of over $100 billion without compromising our national security.[1] The report proposed over $960 billion in defense department savings over the next decade. [...] Bringing our defense spending in line with our legitimate security needs must be considered along with other measures to regain our economic footing." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Lacy Clay voted Did Not Vote on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • William Lacy Clay Jr. St. Louis Post-Dispatch – Time to Get Real on Debt Negotiations. 13 July 2011. “Forcing hedge fund managers to pay their fair share of income taxes would raise $20 billion.” (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 83 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 8 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. e) $180,001-$350,000"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. f) $350,001 and above"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once. h) Income taxes (high-income families)"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "h) Income taxes (high-income families)"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "In order to balance the Federal Budget we must restrict spending to only the amount of revenue that the federal government spends. In order to balance we must reduce spending across the board proportionately until budget is in line."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"

Vote Smart's Research

  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Clay Presses House Leadership to Boost Support for Public Transit in Stimulus Package. 26 January 2009. “In a letter to Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Minority Leader John Boehner, Mr. Clay and his colleagues said, 'States have been hit hard in this economic downturn and many are in desperate need of financial assistance to support state transportation infrastructure. There are more than $15.9 billion of "ready-to-go" transit projects that could be advanced in fewer than 90 days. In the St. Louis area, Metro bus and light rail service is absolutely vital to thousands of commuters and low income workers who depend on mass transit," said the Congressman. "Our goal is to save existing transit jobs and to create as many new ones as possible because a strong public transit system makes new job creation possible. Congress has an obligation to do everything we can to ensure that this funding is available.'” (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Lacy Clay a rating of 5 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statment by Representative William Lacy Clay Regarding President Obama's Addresss to a Joint Session of Congress. 8 September 2011. “Tonight, President Obama laid out a common sense plan that will put millions of Americans back to work. It is based on good ideas that both Democrats and Republicans have supported previously. The plan is smart, it's targeted where it will do the most good, and it will be completely paid for by additional spending cuts. The President's plan cuts taxes on small businesses & individual taxpayers, and it invests in urgently needed infrastructure projects without adding one dime to the deficit.” (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Clay Says $20 Million Transportation Grant is a Significant Step Forward for Arch Grounds Redevelopment Plan, Will Help Fund Downtown Connector. 13 December 2011. “This grant is one piece in the puzzle that will get us closer to funding the overall redevelopment plan […] I was please to support this grant.” (www.votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy?"

Vote Smart's Research

  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Promoting American Jobs: American Jobs & Closing Tax Loopholes Act. 10 January 2012. “Democrats in Congress will continue to address the major issues confronting our nation and take America in a New Direction […] the House will take up the American Jobs and Closing Tax Loopholes Act (House amendment to Senate amendment to H.R. 4213) to help create or save more than a million American jobs by – restoring credit to small businesses, extending tax incentives for American R&D and energy.” (lacyclay.house.gov)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Treasury Secretary Geithner And Congressman Clay Announce New Market Tax Credits To Rebuild Neighborhoods And Create Jobs. 30 October 2009. “As part of a $5 billion national investment to grow jobs and revive depressed neighborhoods, Secretary of the Treasury Tim Geithner and Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay (D) Missouri, have announced today that four St. Louis organizations are among the 90 recipients nation-wide who have been selected to receive New Market Tax Credit funding.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statment by Representative William Lacy Clay Regarding President Obama's Addresss to a Joint Session of Congress. 8 September 2011. “Tonight, President Obama laid out a common sense plan that will put millions of Americans back to work. It is based on good ideas that both Democrats and Republicans have supported previously. The plan is smart, it's targeted where it will do the most good, and it will be completely paid for by additional spending cuts. The President's plan cuts taxes on small businesses & individual taxpayers, and it invests in urgently needed infrastructure projects without adding one dime to the deficit.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Clay Pushes GOP Senators to Pass Jobs Bills, Extend Emergency Unemployment Benefits. 15 July 2010. “It is morally indefensible and economically foolish to block the extension of emergency unemployment benefits and passage of this critical jobs bill. This is about helping millions of Americans, including thousands right here in Missouri, to save their homes, feed their families and find a new job. […] Other provisions in the House-passed jobs legislation that is being blocked by GOP Senators include: Tax cuts to put money back in the pockets of working families; Help to restore the flow of credit to enable small businesses to expand and hire new workers by extending small business loan programs.” (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "d) Education"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Education. 24 August 2012. “A primary concern of mine is ensuring that student achievement levels are raised dramatically and that public education provide all children the foundation to be highly productive members of society. In order to accomplish this, bold action must be taken, and unyielding support must be given to our teachers, children, and parents to secure a bright future for all students. In light of my dedication to this issue, I have co-sponsored several important bills in our most recent congressional sessions and plan to continue the fight for educational equity here in Congress. H.R. 526, the Full Funding for IDEA Now Act, of which I am a proud co-sponsor and advocate, entitles states to receive federal grants which aid in the education of all children with mental and physical disabilities. H.R. 1102, the Keep Our Promise to America’s Children and Teachers (the Keep our PACT) Act aims to fully fund effective elementary and secondary education programming, and to provide proficient financial support to special education under the Americans With Disabilities Act. I have also co-sponsored H.R. 1161, the Keep Teachers Teaching Act, which would provide incentives to school districts for implementing innovative teacher retention programs. Education is essential to our individual success and to our productivity as a society. I have and will continue to be a fervent supporter of Congressional efforts to secure excellent early childhood education, effective programming and funding for elementary and secondary students.” (lacyclay.house.gov)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Clay Says Budget Resolution Restores American Priorities. 31 January 2007. “Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay praised the comprehensive budget resolution that was approved by the U.S. House of Representatives earlier today. The new spending bill, which was necessary after the last Congress failed to enact 9 of the 11 required appropriations measures, will ensure that the federal government keeps operating through the fiscal year that began on October 1, 2006. The new legislation will increase funding for some of this nation's most critical needs: healthcare, education, public housing and veteran's health care. Congressman Clay said: 'The voters put their trust in a Democratic Congress and today we have restored the priorities of the American people.' Among the programs that will see their budgets increased under this legislation are: veteran's healthcare, No Child Left Behind, Head Start, the Pell Grant student loans, public housing, Community Health Centers, the Ryan White CARE grants, and the National Institutes of Health.” (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support federal funding for universal pre-K programs?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Do you support federal funding for K-12 school vouchers?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "c) Do you support federal funding for charter schools?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statement by Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay (D) MO in Response to President Bush's Call to End Federal Ban on Offshore Oil Drilling and to Open Up the Artic National Wildlife Refugee to Oil and Gas Production. 19 June 2008. “We cannot drill our way to energy independence. […] Drilling in the Arctic refuge would produce, in total, less than 1% of the oil that Americans will consume over the next 50 years or about the amount we will consume in six months.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statement by Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay (D) Missouri Regarding President Obama's State of the Union Address. 25 January 2012. “The President also talked about American energy and oil and gas exploration, and how he intends to expand it in a responsible way. I support his plans for energy independence.” (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support domestic oil exploration in federally-protected areas?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support international emissions targets aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Do you support strengthening fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "c) Do you support allowing energy producers to trade carbon credits under a "cap and trade" system?"
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Clay Says Bush Administration Misleads Public on Global Warming. 30 January 2007. "Political appointees have no business distorting the facts or denying the realities of global warming. Global warming is not a myth or a distant threat. It is a reality that demands immediate action from our government," said the Congressman. "We must implement policies to develop more renewable energy resources, to drastically reduce automobile emissions and to end our dependence on oil and other fossil fuels." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Lacy Clay in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Lacy Clay voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Lacy Clay in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Lacy Clay in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you believe that the Second Amendment guarantees the right of individual citizens to own guns?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Do you support a ban on assault rifles?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Missouri State Legislative Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "c) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. District of Columbia Personal Protection Act. 29 September 2004. “Mr. Speaker, I rise in opposition to this legislation [District of Colombia Personal Protection Act] which will turn the District of Columbia into a security nightmare. Just over 2 weeks ago, this body ignored the appeals of law enforcement and ignored overwhelming public opinion and allowed the ban on assault weapons to expire. Now, Members of this body are trying to repeal every one of the District of Columbia's firearms laws. Since the 9/11 disaster, the Federal Government has directed billions of taxpayer dollars to make our Nation's capital safer for residents, commuters, tourists, public officials and the law enforcement professionals dedicated to public safety.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Shameful. 27 June 2012. “Madam Speaker, tomorrow this House is about to do something unprecedented and unwarranted. Motivated solely by politics, the leadership of this House is planning to smear a dedicated public servant. For the first time in our history, they are planning to hold the Attorney General of the United States in contempt of Congress. This is shameful. Not even during the nakedly partisan speakership of Newt Gingrich has this House even considered such a resolution. But even more shameful is that they are ignoring the real issue, the easily available assault weapons and the gun related violence that continues unabated in this country.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statement by Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay (D) Missouri Regarding the Republican Contempt Citation Against Attorney General Holder. 28 June 2012. “ Those who are relentlessly pursuing a baseless, partisan attack on Attorney General Holder and the president have ignored the desperate pleas of the Mexican government: to strengthen American gun laws, and curb the gun trafficking that gave rise to the strategy in the first place. How can the Republican leadership be content with those same powerful assault weapons being sold right here in this country legally, putting our communities at even greater risk? This "investigation" has been nothing more than a disgraceful political witch-hunt.” (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Lacy Clay a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Lacy Clay in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Lacy Clay in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option?"
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Issue Position: Health Care. 1 January 2011. “I am committed to fighting for affordable, comprehensive Healthcare for all Americans. Our nation has needed an overhaul to our broken healthcare system for quite some time. This is why I was proud to have voted to pass H.R. 3590, the Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act, the first sweeping health care reform legislation to be come law in almost 100 years.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Letter to Speaker Boehner. 1 November 2011. “While not all policy riders are objectionable, many of those included this year are not only controversial but blatantly partisan. Included riders would block the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, roll back important clean air and clean water protections, and place new restrictions on women's access to a full range of medical and health services, among others.” (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "I believe the states should set marriage laws, not the federal government. Howe... not allow marriage for same-sex couples it should establish a system that provid... economic interests of same-sex couples in the same way that the state law provi... economic interests of married couples."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Civil unions and marriage laws should be issues decided by the states; not the federal gov't."
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "But a clearly stated purpose and effect of this law was to disapprove of and disadvantage lesbians and gay men; this distinguishes DOMA from a routine act of Congress. Where, as here, Congress classifies persons, denying an entire class of citizens the rights that are afforded others, the Supreme Court has applied rational basis review to invalidate those laws. None of the reasons provided by Congress in 1996 or created in response to litigation rationally serve a legitimate federal interest." (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Lacy Clay voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Lacy Clay voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Lacy Clay. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Lacy Clay voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 95 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Should the United States continue to strike suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?"
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Letter To The Honorable Barack H. Obama, President Of The United States. 22 June 2009. “As the United States continues to work towards responsibly ending the War in Iraq and refocus on the threat from al Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan...” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Statement By Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay (d) Missouri Regarding President Obama's Address To The Nation On Afghanistan. 2 December 2009. “Afghanistan, and the lawless areas along the border with Pakistan, has always been the real front line of the fight against terrorism.” (www.votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security?"
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Lacy Clay. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Congressional Progressive Caucus – 75 Strong and Growing: Open to New and Different Ideas. 20 January 2011. “As you know, Congressional Republicans have long targeted Social Security for privatization. […] The promise of Social Security is one that we must keep. We urge you to send a clear message in your State of the Union Address: Hands off Social Security!” (voices.washingtonpost.com)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. Letter To The Honorable Barack Obama, President, The United States of America. 15 October 2010. “We write today to express our strong support for Social Security and our view that it should be strengthened. We oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including raising the retirement age. We also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part.” (votesmart.org)
  • William Lacy Clay Jr signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Lacy Clay supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Missouri Congressional Election 2010 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-choiceCandidate Answera) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life?
Nob) Should abortion be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy?
Yesc) Should abortion be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape?
Yesd) Should abortion be legal when the life of the woman is endangered?
Noe) Should federal subsidies be prohibited from being used for abortion procedures?
f) Other or expanded principles

1) Spending

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.

Slightly Decreasea) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Slightly Decrease1) Intelligence operations
Slightly Decrease2) Military hardware
Greatly Decrease3) National missile defense
Slightly Increase4) Salary and benefits for active duty personnel
Maintain Status5) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Greatly Decrease6) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Slightly Decreasef) Homeland security
Slightly Decreaseg) International aid
Greatly Increaseh) Medical research
Slightly Increasei) Scientific research
Greatly Decreasej) Space exploration
Maintain Statusk) United Nations
Maintain Statusl) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories

2) Taxes

Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.

Slightly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasef) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
i) Other or expanded categories
NoCandidate Answer3) Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax?
Yes4) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
YesCandidate Answer5) Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy?
6) Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate Answera) Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security?
Nob) Do you support reducing government regulations on the private sector?
Yesc) Do you support increasing the federal minimum wage?
Yesd) Do you support the ability of workers to unionize?
Yese) Do you support federal funding for job-training programs that retrain displaced workers?
f) Other or expanded principles
Noa) Do you support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns?
Yesb) Should Congress regulate indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Noc) Do you support removing all contribution limits on federal campaigns?
Yesd) Should candidates for federal office be encouraged to meet voluntary spending limits?
Noe) Do you support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations?
Yesf) Do you support limiting the President's ability to define how legislation is applied through the use of signing statements?
g) Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate Answera) Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Yesb) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related training and job-placement assistance when released?
Yesc) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with substance abuse treatment?
Yesd) Do you support reduced prison sentences for non-violent offenders?
Yese) Do you support mandatory prison sentences for selling illegal drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students?
Yesb) Do you support federal funding for universal pre-K programs?
Noc) Do you support federal funding for charter schools?
Nod) Do you support federal funding for K-12 school vouchers?
Yese) Do you support the federal government providing college students with financial aid?
f) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?
Yesb) Do you support international emissions targets aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?
Yesc) Do you support allowing energy producers to trade carbon credits under a "cap and trade" system?
Yesd) Do you support strengthening fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles?
Noe) Do you support domestic oil exploration in federally-protected areas?
Yesf) Do you support federal funding for the development of alternative energy?
Yesg) Do you support the development of nuclear reactors?
h) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Yesb) Do you believe that the Second Amendment guarantees the right of individual citizens to own guns?
Noc) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?
Yesd) Do you support a ban on assault rifles?
e) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option?
Yesb) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?
Yesc) Should the federal government expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts?
Nod) Do you support monetary limits on damages that can be collected in malpractice lawsuits?
Yese) Do you support relaxing regulations on the importation of prescription drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants?
Yesb) Do you support decreasing the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country?
Noc) Do you support establishing English as the official national language?
Nod) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?
e) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan?
Nob) Do you support increasing military assistance for Afghanistan?
Noc) Do you support increasing economic development assistance for Afghanistan?
Yesd) Should the United States continue to strike suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan?
Noe) Do you support granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States?
Yesf) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesg) Do you support increasing sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesh) Do you support the withdrawal of United States troops from Iraq?
Yesi) Do you support the United States' involvement in free trade agreements?
j) Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate Answera) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman?
Yesb) Do you support allowing openly-gay men and women to serve in the United States military?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for embryonic stem cell research?
Nod) Should the federal government end affirmative action programs?
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.