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R. 'Steve' Steven Landes

Steve Landes' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: R. 'Steve' Steven Landes
Office: State House (VA) - District 25, Republican
First Elected: 11/07/1995
Last Elected: 11/05/2013
Next Election: 2015
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Angela; 1 Child: Roth
Birth Date: 11/15/1959
Birth Place: Staunton, VA
Home City: Verona, VA
Religion: Presbyterian
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Steve Landes has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2013 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Steve Landes is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Virginia State Legislative Election 2011 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-lifea) Do you support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Nob) Should abortion be legal after the first trimester of pregnancy?
Yesc) Should abortion be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape?
Yesd) Should abortion be legal when the life of the woman is endangered?
Yese) Should parental notification be required before an abortion is performed on a minor?
Yesf) Should parental consent be required before an abortion is performed on a minor?
Nog) Do you support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods?
Yesh) Do you support abstinence-only sexual education programs?
i) Other or expanded principles
1) State Spending
Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category; you may use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Education (higher)
Maintain Statusb) Education (K-12)
Maintain Statusc) Environment
Slightly Increased) Health care
Maintain Statuse) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusf) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Decreaseg) Welfare
Slightly Increaseh) Other or expanded categories

Economic Development

2) State Taxes
Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category; you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreasec) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statusd) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasee) Property taxes
Maintain Statusf) Sales taxes
Maintain Statusg) Income taxes (low-income families)
Maintain Statush) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Maintain Statusi) Income taxes (high-income families)
Slightly Decreasej) Other or expanded categories

Tax incentives for corporations

3) Budget Stabilization
Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing Virginia's budget.
Yesa) Tapping into Virginia's "rainy day" fund
Nob) Issuing the early release of certain non-violent offenders
Noc) Increasing tuition rates at public universities
Yesd) Instituting mandatory furloughs and layoffs for state employees
Noe) Reducing benefits for Medicaid recipients
Yesf) Privatizing certain government services
Yesg) Reducing public pension benefits
h) Other or expanded principles

[d) Instituting mandatory furloughs and layoffs for state employees] *if necessary
[g) Reducing public pension benefits] *if necessary
Cutting spending by finding more efficiencies in state government

Yesa) Do you support limits on the number of terms for Virginia governors?
Nob) Do you support limits on the number of terms for Virginia state legislators?
c) Do you support limits on the following types of contributions to candidates for state government?
No1) Individual
No2) Political Action Committee
No3) Corporate
No4) Political Party
Nod) Should candidates for state office be encouraged to meet voluntary spending limits?
Yese) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
f) Other or expanded principles
Yesa) Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Yesb) Do you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders, such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment?
Noc) Do you support decriminalizing the possession of small amounts of marijuana?
Yesd) Should a minor accused of a violent crime be prosecuted as an adult?
Yese) Should a minor who sends sexually-explicit or nude photos by cell phone face criminal charges?
Yesf) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?
g) Other or expanded principles
Yesa) Do you support reducing government regulations on the private sector?
Yesb) Do you support state funding for job-training programs that re-train displaced workers?
Yesc) Do you support expanding access to unemployment benefits?
Yesd) Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
Yese) Do you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
Nof) Do you support providing direct financial assistance to homeowners facing foreclosure?
Yesg) Do you support comprehensive public pension reform that incorporates a defined contribution plan, similar to a 401(k)?
h) Other or expanded principles

[d) Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?] *as long as its measured for success.

Noa) Do you support the national Common Core State Standards initiative?
Yesb) Do you support requiring public schools to administer high school exit exams?
Yesc) Do you support using a merit pay system for teachers?
Yesd) Do you support state funding for charter schools?
Yese) Do you support the state government providing college students with financial aid?
Nof) Should illegal immigrants who graduate from Virginia high schools be eligible for in-state tuition at public universities?
g) Other or expanded principles

Need to look at Virginia's standards of learning, and school year structure .

Noa) Do you support state regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Yesb) Do you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
Yesc) Do you support state funding for the development of alternative energy?
Nod) Do you support state funding for the development of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)?
Yese) Do you support providing financial incentives to farms that produce biofuel crops?
Yesf) Do you support state funding for improvements to Virginia's energy infrastructure?
Yesg) Do you support state funding for open space preservation?
h) Other or expanded principles
Noa) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Nob) Do you support requiring background checks on all firearms sales at gun shows, including sales by unlicensed dealers?
Yesc) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?
Nod) Do you support requiring a license for gun possession?
e) Other or expanded principles
Noa) Do you support a universally-accessible, publicly-administered health insurance option?
Yesb) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?
Yesc) Do you support interstate health insurance compacts?
Nod) Do you support requiring individuals to purchase health care insurance?
Yese) Do you support monetary limits on damages that can be collected in malpractice lawsuits?
Nof) Do you support legalizing physician-assisted suicide in Virginia?
Nog) Do you support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes?
h) Other or expanded principles
Noa) Do you support same-sex marriage?
Nob) Should Virginia allow same-sex couples to form civil unions/domestic partnerships?
Yesc) Do you support state funding for stem cell research?
Nod) Do you support state funding for embryonic stem cell research?
Noe) Do you support affirmative action?
Nof) Do you support the inclusion of sexual orientation in Virginia's anti-discrimination laws?
Nog) Do you support the inclusion of gender identity in Virginia's anti-discrimination laws?
h) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

1. Continue to work toward efforts through the Virginia State Budget and Legislation to promote and increase the support of small businesses in Virginia and to expand jobs and economic growth through small businesses in Virginia.
2. Continue to work towards promoting and assisting Virginia Agriculture products and businesses, especially Virginia's Vineyards and Wineries, through the budget and legislation.
3. Continue to support efforts through the budget and legislation to promote and increase support for Virginia's growing Biotechnology businesses.

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