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Judy Lee

Judy Lee's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Judy Lee
Office: State Senate (ND) - District 13, Republican
First Elected: 11/08/1994
Last Elected: 11/02/2010
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Republican for State Senate - District 13
General Nov. 4, 2014
Primary June 10, 2014
Gender: Female
Family: Widowed; 2 Children: Jon, Maren
Birth Date: 03/07/1942
Birth Place: Redding, CA
Home City: West Fargo, ND
Religion: Lutheran
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judithelee@cableone.net

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What is the Political Courage Test?

North Dakota State Legislative Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legally available.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

This is a medical, not legislative issue. Most of all, it is a personal medical issue.

State Budget: Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories.
a) Agriculture
b) Education (Higher)
c) Education (K-12)
d) Environment
e) Health care
f) Law enforcement
g) Transportation and Highway infrastructure
h) Welfare
i) Other or expanded categories
State Taxes: Indicate the tax levels you will support.
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)
g) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)
h) Inheritance taxes
i) Property taxes
j) Sales taxes
k) Vehicle taxes
l) Other or expanded categories
Yesm) Should Internet sales be taxed?
n) Other or expanded principles

I do not support tax increases, but spending will be determined by funds available.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Noa) Do you support limiting the number of terms for North Dakota governors?
Nob) Do you support limiting the number of terms for North Dakota state senators and representatives?
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative and gubernatorial candidates?
Undecided1) Individual
Undecided2) PAC
Undecided3) Corporate
Undecided4) Political Parties
Undecidedd) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Noe) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?
Undecidedf) Do you support voting on-line?
Undecidedg) Do you support adopting statewide standards for counting, verifying and ensuring accuracy of votes?
Undecidedh) Do you support prohibiting media exit polling of voters until all polling locations in North Dakota are closed?
Noi) Should North Dakota recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?
Yesj) Should North Dakota restrict marriage to a union only between a man and a woman?
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.
c) Implement the use of the death penalty in North Dakota.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
e) End parole for repeat violent offenders.
Xf) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
g) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
h) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.
i) Lower the .10 blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.
j) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
k) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation or disability be prosecuted as hate crimes.
l) Ban the use of racial profiling by law enforcement officers.
m) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.
n) Increase state funding for additional security of critical infrastructure against terrorist attacks.
o) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).
c) Increase state funds for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
d) Increase state funds for hiring additional teachers.
e) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
f) Support displaying the Ten Commandments in public schools.
g) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
h) Require public schools to administer high school exit exams.
i) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.
j) Increase state funding to expand Head Start programs.
k) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.
l) Offer recent college graduates state-funded financial incentives to stay and work in North Dakota.
Xm) Support age-appropriate sexual education programs that teach about abstinence, contraceptives and HIV/STD prevention methods.
n) Support abstinence-only sexual education programs.
o) Other or expanded principles
Employment: Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning employment.
a) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding or relocating businesses.
d) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
e) Increase state funds to provide child care for children of low-income working families.
f) Include sexual orientation in North Dakota's anti-discrimination laws.
g) Other or expanded principles
Affirmative Action: Should race, ethnicity or gender be taken into account in state agencies' decisions on:
Noa) College and university admissions
Nob) Public employment
Noc) State contracting
d) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
b) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused or abandoned.
c) Support expanding oil development in North Dakota grasslands.
Undecidedd) Do you support state funding for open space preservation?
Undecidede) Should state environmental regulations be stricter than federal law?
f) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
Xi) Other or expanded principles

Concealed weapons must require a permit. I am not prepared to comment on current state laws & whether changes are needed.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
a) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms or state-funded care where necessary.
b) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.
c) Reduce benefits for Medicaid recipients in order to alleviate budget shortfalls.
Xd) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
e) Support patients' right to sue their HMOs.
f) Support patients' right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied by their HMO.
g) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
h) Legalize physician-assisted suicide in North Dakota.
i) Use North Dakota's portion of the national tobacco settlement only for anti-smoking and health programs.
j) Increase state funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
Xk) Other or expanded principles

ND has no HMOs.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.
Xa) Support current time limits on welfare benefits.
b) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
c) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.
d) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.
e) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.
f) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.
g) Redirect welfare funding to faith-based and community-based private organizations.
h) Use federal TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) funds to expand state services to include the working poor.
i) Other or expanded principles
In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.
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