Representative Timothy 'Tim' J. Walz's Political Positions

Office: U.S. House (MN) - District 1, Democratic/Farmer/Labor
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Tim Walz has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Tim Walz is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Tim Walz voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Tim Walz voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Tim Walz a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Tim Walz in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Tim Walz voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Tim Walz voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Tim Walz voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Tim Walz a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Tim Walz in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Tim Walz voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000"
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "I propose returning to the PAYGO system of budgeting. I will also vote to repeal recent tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans and to close tax loopholes that currently allow American companies to avoid their tax obligations."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) $75,000-$150,000"
  • Tim Walz. Issue Position: Revitalizing Our Economy to Work for Middle Class Families. 1 January 2012. "Tim thought it was a bad deal to extend the Bush tax cuts to the top 2% of incomes while we continue to pay for two expensive wars and Medicare Part D on borrowed money. But he made the decision to vote for a temporary extension because he was unwilling to allow tax rates to go up on middle class families." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 9 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Issue Position: Economy. "As you may know, the package of tax cuts passed almost ten years ago were set to expire at the end of this year. If no action was taken, all tax rates would have return to pre-2001 levels on January 1st, which is why this issue had to be addressed before the end of the year. The compromise included extending tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of Americans, but also extends tax cuts to the middle class and extends unemployment benefits for 13 additional months. I was disappointed in this compromise because I do not believe tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of Americans helps our economy and adds unnecessarily to the debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Video: Tim Walz: Middle Class Tax Fairness Act. 25 July 2008. "In this slow economy, it's unfair to put the load of taxation right on the backs of the middle class. Middle class Americans are being squeezed by high gas prices, high cost of groceries, high health care costs, high tuition costs, and their paychecks, as you heard, are not keeping up with the rising costs. And in fact, the speaker was right; they're actually $1,000 less than they were 5 years ago. Meanwhile, our tax code is full of government waste and unnecessary giveaways to the richest 1 percent. [¦] I am introducing legislation that will restore balance to our tax code and do something unusual: help reduce the national debt [¦] It will double the standard deduction for the next 2 years, providing an annual savings of $750 to 61 million Americans [¦] My legislation allows the middle class to keep their income and does so in a fiscally responsible manner, by fully being paid for. Madam Speaker, it is easy to offer a tax cut. It's harder to pay for it." (www.youtube.com)
  • Tim Walz. Walz Votes to Cut Middle Class Taxes. 2 December 2010. "The tax cuts of 2001 created a new 10-percent regular income tax bracket for a portion of taxable income that was previously taxed at 15 percent. They also reduced the other regular income tax rates, which are set to expire December 31, 2010. H.R. 4853 would permanently extend the 10%, 25% and 28% rate brackets. It also permanently extends the 33% rate for income of $200,000 or less for single filers ($250,000 or less for joint filers). All Americans will benefit from this tax structure--for those making over $200,000, all income below that amount will be taxed at the lower levels as well." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000"
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "I propose returning to the PAYGO system of budgeting. I will also vote to repeal recent tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans and to close tax loopholes that currently allow American companies to avoid their tax obligations."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) $75,000-$150,000"
  • Tim Walz. Issue Position: Revitalizing Our Economy to Work for Middle Class Families. 1 January 2012. "Tim thought it was a bad deal to extend the Bush tax cuts to the top 2% of incomes while we continue to pay for two expensive wars and Medicare Part D on borrowed money. But he made the decision to vote for a temporary extension because he was unwilling to allow tax rates to go up on middle class families." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 9 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Issue Position: Economy. "As you may know, the package of tax cuts passed almost ten years ago were set to expire at the end of this year. If no action was taken, all tax rates would have return to pre-2001 levels on January 1st, which is why this issue had to be addressed before the end of the year. The compromise included extending tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of Americans, but also extends tax cuts to the middle class and extends unemployment benefits for 13 additional months. I was disappointed in this compromise because I do not believe tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of Americans helps our economy and adds unnecessarily to the debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Video: Tim Walz: Middle Class Tax Fairness Act. 25 July 2008. "In this slow economy, it's unfair to put the load of taxation right on the backs of the middle class. Middle class Americans are being squeezed by high gas prices, high cost of groceries, high health care costs, high tuition costs, and their paychecks, as you heard, are not keeping up with the rising costs. And in fact, the speaker was right; they're actually $1,000 less than they were 5 years ago. Meanwhile, our tax code is full of government waste and unnecessary giveaways to the richest 1 percent. [¦] I am introducing legislation that will restore balance to our tax code and do something unusual: help reduce the national debt [¦] It will double the standard deduction for the next 2 years, providing an annual savings of $750 to 61 million Americans [¦] My legislation allows the middle class to keep their income and does so in a fiscally responsible manner, by fully being paid for. Madam Speaker, it is easy to offer a tax cut. It's harder to pay for it." (www.youtube.com)
  • Tim Walz. Walz Votes to Cut Middle Class Taxes. 2 December 2010. "The tax cuts of 2001 created a new 10-percent regular income tax bracket for a portion of taxable income that was previously taxed at 15 percent. They also reduced the other regular income tax rates, which are set to expire December 31, 2010. H.R. 4853 would permanently extend the 10%, 25% and 28% rate brackets. It also permanently extends the 33% rate for income of $200,000 or less for single filers ($250,000 or less for joint filers). All Americans will benefit from this tax structure--for those making over $200,000, all income below that amount will be taxed at the lower levels as well." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tim Walz. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Tim Walz voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 35 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Tim Walz a rating of 5 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Tim Walz voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Tim Walz voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 35 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Tim Walz a rating of 5 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Tim Walz voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Tim Walz. Walz Statement on Minnesota House's Bipartisan Decision to Opt-Out of No Child Left Behind. 4 April 2008. "I applaud both the Republican and Democratic members of the Minnesota House who stood up for parents, teachers, students and schools by voting for legislation to withdraw Minnesota from the punitive mandates of No Child Left Behind. Their actions yesterday sent a message to bureaucrats and Washington politicians: NCLB's irresponsible mandates need to be replaced with policy that properly funds education, meets our high expectations for public schools, ensures local control and provides for real accountability. I have been and will continue to be a voice for that message of change in Washington [¦] Bureaucrats must resist the desire to micromanage our children's classrooms. After nearly two decades in public school classrooms, I know when parent-teacher conferences are held in our schools to discuss student achievement, parents, students and teachers show up, but not the federal government. No Child Left Behind is a policy directed at making the federal government's voice drown out all others in those conferences and that is simply unacceptable. I am working to do away with the punitive measures that only hurt the schools that need the help the most. It is Congress' job to put together a new policy that promotes real accountability and gives the power back to states like Minnesota who are national and international leaders in education. I believe that our schools need and deserve federal resources and in the waning days of the Bush Administration and No Child Left Behind, I am working closely with my colleagues to do what's right for Minnesota's parents and students." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Tim Walz. Teachers for Walz. 19 September 2012. "It is getting harder for our teachers to do their job. From the No Child Left Behind bureaucracy to an economy that hits our teachers and students hard, America's teachers are facing tough circumstances as they try to educate and develop this country's most precious resource: our children. Our teachers do not ask for salaries like CEOs, and they do not ask for much glory either. They only ask for the tools they need to prepare our children for this modern, global economy. I want to change Washington to make sure that our teachers can do their job." (www.timwalz.org)
  • Tim Walz. WALZ ANNOUNCES NCLB "TIME-OUT" BILL. 26 June 2008. "As a longtime public school teacher, let me state clearly that I fully support accountability in education and I know that most teachers share my desire to do whatever it takes to see our kids succeed. But the same law that triggered these positive changes also penalizes schools that, while making progress, don't meet an arbitrary bar set by the Bush Administration. Everywhere I go in southern Minnesota, I hear from constituents like those here with me today about the problems with No Child Left Behind. As the only teacher in Congress with experience teaching under the unfunded mandates of No Child Left Behind, I believe I have a unique perspective on this law “ I celebrate its achievements, but I cannot sit idly by and allow our children to be penalized while we wait for a new President to work with the Congress to fix what is broken [¦] This bill freezes in place the penalties imposed by NCLB. That means that schools who are about to be sanctioned for not reaching the arbitrary benchmark will have another year to improve their scores, while schools already being sanctioned will not receive additional penalties. However, schools that are already taking corrective action to improve their performance will continue with that plan “ students will still receive extra tutoring, teachers will still receive extra professional training and other efforts to improve schools in American will not cease. My bill simply puts a hold on additional penalties until Congress and the new President can fix and fund NCLB, or until the conclusion of the 2008-2009 school year." (walz.house.gov)
  • Tim Walz. Walz Statement on Minnesota House's Bipartisan Decision to Opt-Out of No Child Left Behind. 4 April 2008. "I applaud both the Republican and Democratic members of the Minnesota House who stood up for parents, teachers, students and schools by voting for legislation to withdraw Minnesota from the punitive mandates of No Child Left Behind. Their actions yesterday sent a message to bureaucrats and Washington politicians: NCLB's irresponsible mandates need to be replaced with policy that properly funds education, meets our high expectations for public schools, ensures local control and provides for real accountability. I have been and will continue to be a voice for that message of change in Washington [¦] Bureaucrats must resist the desire to micromanage our children's classrooms. After nearly two decades in public school classrooms, I know when parent-teacher conferences are held in our schools to discuss student achievement, parents, students and teachers show up, but not the federal government. No Child Left Behind is a policy directed at making the federal government's voice drown out all others in those conferences and that is simply unacceptable. I am working to do away with the punitive measures that only hurt the schools that need the help the most. It is Congress' job to put together a new policy that promotes real accountability and gives the power back to states like Minnesota who are national and international leaders in education. I believe that our schools need and deserve federal resources and in the waning days of the Bush Administration and No Child Left Behind, I am working closely with my colleagues to do what's right for Minnesota's parents and students." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Walz proposes changes for No Child Left Behind. "Congressman Tim Walz says that penalties in the No Child Left Behind program should be removed until Congress reforms the controversial initiative. Walz, a DFL 1st District representative from Mankato, Minn., stood next to Rochester schools Superintendent Romain Dallemand on the steps of the Edison administration building Saturday and announced plans to co-author the legislation. The bill would, for at least a year, suspend the identification of schools in need of improvement and freeze ongoing sanctions against schools that have been identified multiple times. The bill would not freeze sanctions against schools that are in their fourth or fifth year of needing improvement." (www.timwalz.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Tim Walz. Walz proposes changes for No Child Left Behind. "Congressman Tim Walz says that penalties in the No Child Left Behind program should be removed until Congress reforms the controversial initiative. Walz, a DFL 1st District representative from Mankato, Minn., stood next to Rochester schools Superintendent Romain Dallemand on the steps of the Edison administration building Saturday and announced plans to co-author the legislation. The bill would, for at least a year, suspend the identification of schools in need of improvement and freeze ongoing sanctions against schools that have been identified multiple times. The bill would not freeze sanctions against schools that are in their fourth or fifth year of needing improvement." (www.timwalz.org)
  • Tim Walz. Teachers for Walz. 19 September 2012. "It is getting harder for our teachers to do their job. From the No Child Left Behind bureaucracy to an economy that hits our teachers and students hard, America's teachers are facing tough circumstances as they try to educate and develop this country's most precious resource: our children. Our teachers do not ask for salaries like CEOs, and they do not ask for much glory either. They only ask for the tools they need to prepare our children for this modern, global economy. I want to change Washington to make sure that our teachers can do their job." (www.timwalz.org)
  • Tim Walz. WALZ ANNOUNCES NCLB "TIME-OUT" BILL. 26 June 2008. "As a longtime public school teacher, let me state clearly that I fully support accountability in education and I know that most teachers share my desire to do whatever it takes to see our kids succeed. But the same law that triggered these positive changes also penalizes schools that, while making progress, don't meet an arbitrary bar set by the Bush Administration. Everywhere I go in southern Minnesota, I hear from constituents like those here with me today about the problems with No Child Left Behind. As the only teacher in Congress with experience teaching under the unfunded mandates of No Child Left Behind, I believe I have a unique perspective on this law “ I celebrate its achievements, but I cannot sit idly by and allow our children to be penalized while we wait for a new President to work with the Congress to fix what is broken [¦] This bill freezes in place the penalties imposed by NCLB. That means that schools who are about to be sanctioned for not reaching the arbitrary benchmark will have another year to improve their scores, while schools already being sanctioned will not receive additional penalties. However, schools that are already taking corrective action to improve their performance will continue with that plan “ students will still receive extra tutoring, teachers will still receive extra professional training and other efforts to improve schools in American will not cease. My bill simply puts a hold on additional penalties until Congress and the new President can fix and fund NCLB, or until the conclusion of the 2008-2009 school year." (walz.house.gov)

Vote Smart's Research

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Tim Walz. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Tim Walz voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Tim Walz in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 90 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Tim Walz voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Tim Walz. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Tim Walz voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Tim Walz in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 90 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Tim Walz voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tim Walz. NRA-PVF Endorses Tim Walz for Re-election. 9 September 2008. "The National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund (NRA-PVF) is endorsing Congressman Tim Walz for re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in the first congressional district of Minnesota. I grew up hunting and spent 24 years in the Army National Guard. I know how important Second Amendment rights are to the people of southern Minnesota. I'm proud to stand with the NRA to protect our Second Amendment rights, and I'm truly grateful for their endorsement." (www.bluestemprairie.com)
  • Tim Walz. Walz Defends the Right of All Citizens to Bear Arms. 17 September 2008. "Gun ownership is a basic right in America, not to be infringed upon by anyone or any government entity. This legislation will amend the Washington, D.C. gun law to reinstate the rights of Washington residents to legally purchase guns from a federally licensed dealer. It also restores their right to defend themselves in their homes. As someone who works in Washington, D.C. when the Congress is in session, I am proud to cast my vote to defend the right guaranteed in the Second Amendment." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Tim Walz in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Tim Walz a grade of 36." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Tim Walz voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. NRA-PVF Endorses Tim Walz for Re-election. 9 September 2008. "The National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund (NRA-PVF) is endorsing Congressman Tim Walz for re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in the first congressional district of Minnesota. I grew up hunting and spent 24 years in the Army National Guard. I know how important Second Amendment rights are to the people of southern Minnesota. I'm proud to stand with the NRA to protect our Second Amendment rights, and I'm truly grateful for their endorsement." (www.bluestemprairie.com)
  • Tim Walz. Walz Defends the Right of All Citizens to Bear Arms. 17 September 2008. "Gun ownership is a basic right in America, not to be infringed upon by anyone or any government entity. This legislation will amend the Washington, D.C. gun law to reinstate the rights of Washington residents to legally purchase guns from a federally licensed dealer. It also restores their right to defend themselves in their homes. As someone who works in Washington, D.C. when the Congress is in session, I am proud to cast my vote to defend the right guaranteed in the Second Amendment." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Tim Walz in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Tim Walz a grade of 36." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Tim Walz voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tim Walz. Issue Position: Health Care. 28 October 2011. "I voted for the Affordable Care Act because it is the fiscally responsible thing to do. Since first coming to Congress, I have actively worked to find ways to reduce the skyrocketing, long-term federal debt. Let me be clear: We cannot tackle our debt without addressing the out of control cost of health care and we cannot rebuild a strong, vibrant economy while businesses are strangled financially and forced to choose between cutting salaries or health insurance for their employees. I cannot in good conscience pass on a skyrocketing debt and a broken health care system for our children and our grandchildren to deal with, they deserve better than kicking the can down the road for another day. I am particularly proud of the pay for results provisions we fought for in this legislation. This is a patient-centered provision that is about using a market-based, business solution to provide high quality, low cost health care. Every single day, Mayo Clinic is an example of how health care should be practiced in this country and I was proud of our efforts to ensure that doctors are paid for the quality of care that you get and not just the number of treatments and procedures you go through. The Affordable Care Act is not perfect. I have often said health care reform is a journey, not a destination. As we move forward, I will work closely with doctors, nurses, hospital, employers, small businesses and southern Minnesotans to ensure that this legislation is implemented in a fair, common sense way." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Walz Stands Up for Everyday People in Health Care Vote. 19 January 2011. "Repealing the Affordable Care Act will eliminate consumer protections, put insurance companies between you and your doctors, raise taxes on small businesses, and explode the deficit. It will be bad for our economy and jobs in places like southern Minnesota that have a robust health care industry. Southern Minnesotans are already seeing benefits from this new law. Seniors have received help paying for their expensive prescription drugs and have better access to preventative care. And just a few weeks ago, I received a letter from a dad in southern Minnesota named Paul. Paul's son Joe is 21 years old, works part time and has Type II diabetes. Joe couldn't get the insurance he needed to pay for the expensive equipment and treatment he needs. But because of the new law we passed, Joe was able to get back on his parent's insurance and his new insurance card came a couple of weeks ago in the mail. A vote to repeal this legislation is a vote to tear that insurance card out of Joe's hand and so I voted against it." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Tim Walz. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Tim Walz voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Affordable Health Care For America Act. 7 November 2009. "Mr. Speaker, over the past three years, I've discussed health care reform with thousands of my constituents. I've heard from doctors and nurses, health care policy experts and small business owners. Most importantly, I've heard from middle-class Minnesotans who are fed up with the status quo. Take Kristy, who is a Rochester mother and breast cancer survivor. Access to affordable health insurance is a life or death matter for her and millions of other Americans. Last year, Kristy's health insurance premium increased 17 percent. Hard-working Americans every year see premiums rise faster than their take-home pay. This is a financial disaster in progress. If ignored, this will result in an explosion in the number of uninsured individuals, reaching far into the ranks of the gainfully employed and middle class. Kristy's employer laid-off workers this year, in part because of rapidly rising health care costs. Small businesses across America are shedding good workers to cover sky-rocketing health care expenses, stifling entrepreneurship and innovation. And then, recently, Kristy lost her job. She worries about whether she'll be able to get health insurance given her pre-existing medical condition, once her temporary COBRA coverage expires. Last year, more than 700 of our neighbors in southern Minnesota went bankrupt because of medical bills. It is unconscionable for anyone to go broke solely because they get sick. Now, Kristy wonders if she's next. Kristy's story has become all too common in America today. It doesn't have to be this way. I rise today in strong support of H.R. 3962, the Affordable Health Care for America Act, because of people like Kristy. This bill, which includes important fixes from Democrats and Republicans, will tear down the status quo, rein in costs and bring stability and peace of mind to regular people like Kristy." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Walz Stands Up for Everyday People in Health Care Vote. 19 January 2011. "Repealing the Affordable Care Act will eliminate consumer protections, put insurance companies between you and your doctors, raise taxes on small businesses, and explode the deficit. It will be bad for our economy and jobs in places like southern Minnesota that have a robust health care industry. Southern Minnesotans are already seeing benefits from this new law. Seniors have received help paying for their expensive prescription drugs and have better access to preventative care. And just a few weeks ago, I received a letter from a dad in southern Minnesota named Paul. Paul's son Joe is 21 years old, works part time and has Type II diabetes. Joe couldn't get the insurance he needed to pay for the expensive equipment and treatment he needs. But because of the new law we passed, Joe was able to get back on his parent's insurance and his new insurance card came a couple of weeks ago in the mail. A vote to repeal this legislation is a vote to tear that insurance card out of Joe's hand and so I voted against it." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Issue Position: Health Care. 28 October 2011. "I voted for the Affordable Care Act because it is the fiscally responsible thing to do. Since first coming to Congress, I have actively worked to find ways to reduce the skyrocketing, long-term federal debt. Let me be clear: We cannot tackle our debt without addressing the out of control cost of health care and we cannot rebuild a strong, vibrant economy while businesses are strangled financially and forced to choose between cutting salaries or health insurance for their employees. I cannot in good conscience pass on a skyrocketing debt and a broken health care system for our children and our grandchildren to deal with, they deserve better than kicking the can down the road for another day. I am particularly proud of the pay for results provisions we fought for in this legislation. This is a patient-centered provision that is about using a market-based, business solution to provide high quality, low cost health care. Every single day, Mayo Clinic is an example of how health care should be practiced in this country and I was proud of our efforts to ensure that doctors are paid for the quality of care that you get and not just the number of treatments and procedures you go through. The Affordable Care Act is not perfect. I have often said health care reform is a journey, not a destination. As we move forward, I will work closely with doctors, nurses, hospital, employers, small businesses and southern Minnesotans to ensure that this legislation is implemented in a fair, common sense way." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Tim Walz. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Tim Walz voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Affordable Health Care For America Act. 7 November 2009. "Mr. Speaker, over the past three years, I've discussed health care reform with thousands of my constituents. I've heard from doctors and nurses, health care policy experts and small business owners. Most importantly, I've heard from middle-class Minnesotans who are fed up with the status quo. Take Kristy, who is a Rochester mother and breast cancer survivor. Access to affordable health insurance is a life or death matter for her and millions of other Americans. Last year, Kristy's health insurance premium increased 17 percent. Hard-working Americans every year see premiums rise faster than their take-home pay. This is a financial disaster in progress. If ignored, this will result in an explosion in the number of uninsured individuals, reaching far into the ranks of the gainfully employed and middle class. Kristy's employer laid-off workers this year, in part because of rapidly rising health care costs. Small businesses across America are shedding good workers to cover sky-rocketing health care expenses, stifling entrepreneurship and innovation. And then, recently, Kristy lost her job. She worries about whether she'll be able to get health insurance given her pre-existing medical condition, once her temporary COBRA coverage expires. Last year, more than 700 of our neighbors in southern Minnesota went bankrupt because of medical bills. It is unconscionable for anyone to go broke solely because they get sick. Now, Kristy wonders if she's next. Kristy's story has become all too common in America today. It doesn't have to be this way. I rise today in strong support of H.R. 3962, the Affordable Health Care for America Act, because of people like Kristy. This bill, which includes important fixes from Democrats and Republicans, will tear down the status quo, rein in costs and bring stability and peace of mind to regular people like Kristy." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tim Walz. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Tim Walz voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Tim Walz voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 33 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Immigration. 28 October 2011. "Tim Walz believes immigration reform is a serious issue that deserves an ethical, economically sound solution. Walz supports enforcing employer labor laws to the fullest extent, using advanced technology to monitor the border, and increasing the number of professional border patrol agents. He also supports a path to citizenship for undocumented workers that requires them to return to their country of origin in order to begin the citizenship process. It is difficult but not impossible to reconcile a humanitarian response with one that ensures the security of American citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Immigration. 28 October 2011. "Tim Walz believes immigration reform is a serious issue that deserves an ethical, economically sound solution. Walz supports enforcing employer labor laws to the fullest extent, using advanced technology to monitor the border, and increasing the number of professional border patrol agents. He also supports a path to citizenship for undocumented workers that requires them to return to their country of origin in order to begin the citizenship process. It is difficult but not impossible to reconcile a humanitarian response with one that ensures the security of American citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 40 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 40 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 33 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 91 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Voice for Equality: Tim Walz. 21 April 2009. "The best thing that ever happened to me was to get married and I don't see a reason to deny that to anyone. So I'm pretty consistent on that, of where government should not be in our lives." (www.freedomtomarry.org)
  • Tim Walz. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Tim Walz voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Tim Walz voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 91 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Voice for Equality: Tim Walz. 21 April 2009. "The best thing that ever happened to me was to get married and I don't see a reason to deny that to anyone. So I'm pretty consistent on that, of where government should not be in our lives." (www.freedomtomarry.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Tim Walz voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Tim Walz voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Tim Walz. Walz meets with Mankato seniors at Oak Terrace. 6 October 2008. "Congressman Tim Walz met with Mankato seniors at Oak Terrace, a local senior center. In light of recent economic turmoil, he talked to seniors about his commitment to honoring the promise of Social Security. He also voiced his strong opposition to any attempt at privatizing Social Security and gambling it away on the stock market. 'When my father died, my younger brother used Social Security survivor benefits to go to college, and my mother used those same benefits to train as a nurse and re-enter the workforce," said Walz. "With the economy in turmoil, I will oppose any attempt to gamble Social Security away on the stock market “ I will protect Social Security for southern Minnesotan seniors." (www.bluestemprairie.com)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 90 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Tim Walz supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 90 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Tim Walz. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Tim Walz. Walz meets with Mankato seniors at Oak Terrace. 6 October 2008. "Congressman Tim Walz met with Mankato seniors at Oak Terrace, a local senior center. In light of recent economic turmoil, he talked to seniors about his commitment to honoring the promise of Social Security. He also voiced his strong opposition to any attempt at privatizing Social Security and gambling it away on the stock market. 'When my father died, my younger brother used Social Security survivor benefits to go to college, and my mother used those same benefits to train as a nurse and re-enter the workforce," said Walz. "With the economy in turmoil, I will oppose any attempt to gamble Social Security away on the stock market “ I will protect Social Security for southern Minnesotan seniors." (www.bluestemprairie.com)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Congressional Election 2006 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.

Budget Priorities

Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Greatly Increasee) Environment
Slightly Increasef) Homeland security
Slightly Increaseg) International aid
Slightly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Greatly Increasei) Medical research
Slightly Increasej) National parks
Greatly Increasek) Public health services
Greatly Increasel) Scientific research
Maintain Statusm) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Statuso) Welfare
Slightly Increasep) Emergency preparedness
q) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Maintain Statusa) Armed forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Eliminatee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Taxes

Income Taxes:

Family Income

Eliminatea) Less than $25,000
Maintain Statusb) $25,000-$75,000
Slightly Increasec) $75,000-$150,000
Slightly Increased) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

Retiree Income

f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes:

Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Increaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits:

Greatly Increasea) Charitable contributions
Greatly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?
6) Discuss your proposals for balancing the federal budget. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

I propose returning to the PAYGO system of budgeting. I will also vote to repeal recent tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans and to close tax loopholes that currently allow American companies to avoid their tax obligations.

7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Xf) Require Section 527 organizations to register with the Federal Election Commission as Political Action Committees.
Yesg) Do you support instant run-off voting?
Yesh) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Undecidedi) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with educational, vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xf) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xg) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of corporate crimes.
h) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Xd) Allow doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Support a federal law to standardize testing and penalties for steroid use in professional sports.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Reward teachers with merit pay for working in low-income schools.
Xf) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
g) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xh) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xi) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
j) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Other or expanded principles

Affirmative Action should continue in sectors where research clearly shows unequal representation.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants.
d) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
e) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
f) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xh) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xj) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xk) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xm) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
g) Require a license for gun possession.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
d) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xe) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xf) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xg) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xh) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xi) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program that would enable illegal immigrants to work in the United States legally.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using government funded social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) International Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Should the United States send more troops to Iraq?
e) Discuss your proposals for an exit strategy in Iraq. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

If data shows that American troops are a catalyst for violence then it is imperative that all of our troops are brought home immediately. However, if it is possible to stabilize Iraq before leaving then we must work to achieve measurable milestones such as clean drinking water and improved electricity. We must then turn over responsibility to a regional security force before bringing our troops home.

f) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.

Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Nob) Should the United States use military force to dismantle the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Noc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs?"
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)?
Undecided3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No6) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes7) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
8) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yese) Do you support the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in U.S. custody?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to U.S. national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
Xd) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

Xa) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement government regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

My top three legislative priories include (1) implementing common sense federal education policy, (2) ensuring our soldiers in Iraq have an achievable mission and that promises made to our veterans are kept, and (3) addressing the urgent need for national health care reform.