Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Judy Biggert refused to tell citizens where she stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Judy Biggert. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Judy Biggert a rating of 63 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 83 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Family Research Council 62 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 71 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "parental/grandparental notification with judicial by-pass"

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Peace Action 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of Peace Action West 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Sun-Times: U.S. House, Dist. 13: Judy Biggert. "I strongly believe that our troops should not be in Afghanistan one day longer than absolutely necessary. President Obama and his top U.S. and NATO Commander, Gen. David Petraeus are working closely with President Karzai and the Afghan government to implement their strategy for building Afghan security institutions and drawing down the size and scope of U.S. involvement in the fledgling democracy. However, Gen. Petraeus has noted that it is too soon to make predictions as to the amount of time Afghan security forces will require to assume responsibility for various parts of the country, and he has stressed that the strategy is a gradual and deliberate effort which will take hard work." (www.suntimes.com)
  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Tribune: Editorial Board Questionnaire. "I believe it is important that the President, as Commander-in-Chief, and his top military advisors most familiar with circumstances on the ground be given the support they need to implement their strategy to achieve their mission in Afghanistan." (general2010.elections.chicagotribune.com)
  • Judy Biggert. Daily Herald - Biggert: Medicare, Social Security Safe for Today's Seniors. 20 April 2011. "Biggert said there are no quick fixes, such as abandoning the wars in Iraq or Afghanistan, and bipartisan cooperation will be key. 'We don't want to play the blame game, let's just get it right and get it back on track,' Biggert said." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Issue Position: Afghanistan. "From my visits to Afghanistan and my work with the Afghan women, I know well the importance of showing the Afghan people that we are resolute in our commitment to eradicate terrorist threats and provide the security they need to establish a stable civil society and field a well-trained security force. At the same time, it is they who are responsible for the future of their country -- not us. As the number of U.S. and NATO troops in Afghanistan increases, I am cautiously optimistic that peace and order will be solidified, and that a legitimate Afghan government will be able to provide for the safety of its own people. Helping Afghanistan regain effective control of its nation also will keep Americans safe from future terrorist attacks." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. E-Newsletter 6/04/12. 4 June 2012. "Speaking of our nation's heroes, last night, the House approved the Fiscal Year 2013 Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations bill, which holds the line on unnecessary spending, and prioritizes $71.7 billion for military and veteran programs. Passed with bipartisan support by a vote 407-12, the bill funds important military training, equipment, and infrastructure as well as veterans benefits programs." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "property tax deductions"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Lower taxes for all Americans"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Lower taxes for all Americans"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "health insurance deductions"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "health insurance deductions"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "property tax deductions"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 77 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 95 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayers Protection Pledge. "I pledge to the taxpayers of the state of Illinois and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." (atr.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Cut Taxes, Create Jobs, Rebuild. 21 July 2009. "House and Senate leaders' only answer seems to be higher taxes and massive new government spending. Already our children and grandchildren are on the hook for the $1 trillion so-called `stimulus bill' that has resulted in almost 10 percent unemployment nationwide, even higher in my home State of Illinois." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Biggert: Tax Day Is A Grim Reminder. 15 April 2010. "Taxpayers today are looking at their returns and wondering how much their family could benefit if only they could hold on to those dollars being siphoned away for bloated stimulus spending, massive new bailouts, and unsustainable health entitlements. And now they are being told that it's only going to get worse as the Democrat majority pursues an agenda of taxes on energy, taxes on investments, taxes on health benefits, and even the quiet expiration of a few tax relief measures enjoyed today." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Judy Biggert a rating of 72 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 95 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Tribune: Editorial Board Questionnaire. 16 November 2011. "More stimulus spending is NOT the answer." (general2010.elections.chicagotribune.com)
  • Judy Biggert. Fiscal Responsibility. 9 March 2009. "We want to get the economy going again. But we do know, and the American people know, we cannot tax, spend, and borrow our way back to a healthy economy." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Issues Facing America. 20 July 2011. "And despite trillions in the so-called stimulus, the economy has grown only weaker as a result." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Job Solutions from Washington. 8 September 2011. "The last thing our economy needs is more government spending -- especially when the last stimulus bill failed to jumpstart the economy. It's not government that creates jobs -- it's the private sector." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Tribune: Editorial Board Questionnaire. 16 November 2011. "Highly effective education policy starts with highly effective educators. I do believe that teachers must be held accountable, but I do not want arbitrary achievement standards that unfairly punish good teachers." (general2010.elections.chicagotribune.com)
  • Judy Biggert. Hearing Of The House Education And Labor Committee - "The Future Of Learning: How Technology Is Transforming Public Schools." 16 June 2009. "This Congress has already endorsed several important pillars of reform included in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Program, particularly in Secretary Duncan's Race to the Top, which has unprecedented potential to shape the future of learning in our nation. It also included $650 million for educational technology state grants, and I believe this money can be well spent. In any industry, it's considered smart business planning to look to the future and how a company and the industry will change, grow, and adapt. If we are serious about creating world-class schools and regaining our competitive edge, then it's time we start thinking about education the same way." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Issue Position: Education. 1 January 2012. "While the Administration's blueprint for education reform, Race to the Top, shares many of these goals, I'm concerned that the lack of Congressional oversight has led to an inferior product. While I'm pleased Illinois was selected as a recipient of $42.8 million in federal education funding during the third round of Race to the Top (RTTP) grant awards, Congress needs to address the weaknesses of Race to the Top, incorporate input from local educators, and craft a full reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) to ensure that the next generation of Americans is equipped to compete in the 21st Century economy." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Daily Herald via Students First Illinois: Congressional candidates differ on education, the deficit. 1 November 2006. "Enacted just five years ago, NCLB [No Child Left Behind] is working. Illinois' scores for 9 year-olds in reading and math show what we are seeing nationally - record performance by all students and a narrowing of the achievement gap. As a former school board and PTA president, I know how hard it is to get it right for all children, regardless of their individual challenges. But schools here in the 13th District are putting their NCLB data to work in identifying best practices and targeting resources. I continue to support them by encouraging flexibility and fully funding NCLB. Annual federal education funding has increased by more than one-third since NCLB became law, from $17.4 to $23.3 billion, and I want that trend to continue." (www.studentsfirst.us)
  • Judy Biggert. Biggert Welcomes Illinois Race to the Top Award. 23 December 2012. "Judy Biggert (R-IL-13), a senior member of the House Education and Labor Committee, today issued the following statement after the U.S. Department of Education announced that Illinois would receive $42.8 million in federal education funding during the third round of Race to the Top (RTTP) grant awards: 'After twice overlooking Illinois, the Department of Education has finally recognized the hard work being performed by educators in our state, as well as the broad, bipartisan reforms that have been adopted to improve our classrooms. These well-deserved funds will allow our schools to continue moving forward and help overcome some of the financial uncertainty that's been created in Springfield. But a short-term grant cannot take the place of comprehensive reform. Congress needs to address the weaknesses of Race to the Top, incorporate input from local educators, and craft a full reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) to ensure that the next generation of Americans is equipped to compete in the 21st Century economy.'" (biggert.house.gov)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Reaction Of U.S. Rep. Judy Biggert To State Of The Union Address. 27 January 2010. "I was extremely pleased to hear the President address something very dear to me -- education. I serve on the Education and Labor Committee, and I agree with the President that we need to get to work on reauthorizing the nation's elementary and secondary education laws. I especially appreciate his focus on raising standards, inspiring excellence in math and science, and turning around underperforming schools. These are goals we share and I look forward to working with him to give our children the best education possible. I should add that I think that the President is jumping the gun in asking Congress to spend even more money on Race to the Top. That grant program was dropped into the stimulus with no Congressional oversight, and educators everywhere are demanding more local input." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit." 1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education. Other or expanded principles: "Education is a challenge best guided by state & local boards, parents & teachers"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of Environment America 27 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of Environment America 27 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 50 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Judy Biggert voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Judy Biggert a grade of 82." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Bill Cameron. 89 WLS: Shooting outside Empire State Building may raise issue of gun control again. 24 August 2012. Another week, another outrageous gun crime, but Congresswoman Judy Biggert of Hinsdale does not think the remedy lies in more gun control. "Illinois has the FOIA card and I think when you go to purchase a gun or whatever, there is a lot of taking down information and I think that that's very important. But, I believe in the Second Amendment and it's the people that break the law and not the guns." (wlsam.com)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 22 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Judy Biggert in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Letter to Governor Quinn, Attorney General Madigan, Speaker Madigan, Representative Cross, Senators Cullerton and Radogno. 30 August 2011. "Self defenses is a fundamental right [¦] We agree with the Supreme Court and believe that the citizens of Illinois deserve to have the same protections afforded tot hem as the citizens of the other 49 states. After numerous court cases and years of real world practice and legal precedent, the safety and practicality of concealed carry has been proven time and time again. Twenty three states have adopted right to carry laws since 1991 and in that time violence crime has declined by 43 percent. The FBI has also reported that total violent crime and murder dropped more than six percent during the first half of 2010. Research on right to carry laws has shown them to be a deterrent to crime and a useful tool for self defense. Criminologist Gark Kleck analyzed National Crime Victimization Surveys and concluded, 'robbery and assault victims who used a gun to resist were less likely to be attacked or to suffer an injury than those who used any other methods of self protection or those who did not resist at all.' A study for the Department of Justice found that 34 percent of felons had been "scared off, shot at, wounded or captured by an armed victim" and 40 percent of felons have not committed crimes, fearing potential victims were armed. It is time for the Illinois legislature to act, and permit Illinoisans to join the rest of the nation in their ability to carry concealed weapons for self defense." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 20 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Reaction of U.S. Rep. Judy Biggert (R-IL-13th) To the State of the Union. 23 January 2007. "On immigration, the President's plan sounded far too heavy on amnesty, too light on border security, and too much like the bill the Senate bill passed last year. I like the idea of a tamper-resistant I.D. card, or any proposal that will make it easier for employers to identify illegal workers. But the jury is out, as far as I'm concerned, on the rest of his proposals." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Judy Biggert. Likely Nay. 25 December 2009. "S. 2611 creates a system that rewards illegal immigrants who have worked in the United States illegally for 5 or more years by allowing them to remain, continue working and become legal permanent residents. In order to qualify, these immigrants would have to become proficient in English, pay $3,250 in fines and fee and pay back taxes. This provision would also penalizes those attempting to enter the country the legal way by allowing millions of illegal immigrants to move to the front of the line of those waiting to become legal United States Citizens." (dreamact.info)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 17 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Sun-Times: U.S. House, Dist. 13: Judy Biggert. "Unfortunately, 'comprehensive immigration reform' has become a euphemism for amnesty, with supporters offering pay-to-become-legal and other 'paths to citizenship' for those who already are in this country illegally." (www.suntimes.com)
  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Tribune: Editorial Board Questionnaire. "I oppose amnesty. While we are a nation of immigrants, we are also a nation of laws." (general2010.elections.chicagotribune.com)
  • Judy Biggert. Daily Herald via Students First Illinois: Congressional candidates differ on education, deficit. 1 November 2006. "My office assists hundreds of legal immigration applicants each year. They play by the rules and follow the law, and it is they who should first be served - not those who entered illegally." (www.studentsfirst.us)
  • Judy Biggert. The Washington Post: Judy Biggert (R-Ill.). "Biggert is opposed to illegal immigration and paths to citizenship such as the DREAM Act." (www.washingtonpost.com)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Sun-Times: U.S. House, Dist. 13: Judy Biggert. 16 November 2011. "I believe that marriage is a sacred union between a man and a woman. However, I don't believe that a constitutional amendment is appropriate, and have voted against it in the past. Laws governing marriage traditionally have been left to the states, which is where I think they belong. Nothing related to marriage--not even the prohibition on bigamy or polygamy--is addressed in the Constitution [¦] I support DOMA. It prohibits federal recognition of same-sex marriages and allows individual states to refuse to recognize such marriages performed in other states." (www.suntimes.com)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the American Family Association 55 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 84 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Judy Biggert voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Judy Biggert voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 41 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Judy Biggert voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Marriage Protection Amendment. 30 September 2004. "Let me first state that I believe that marriage is a sacred union between one man and one woman. I strongly support the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) passed by Congress and signed into law in 1996. Second, marriage is an issue that our Founding Fathers wisely left to the states." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Judy Biggert. Issue Position: Social Security. "I have been a longtime opponent of privatization of the social security system and do not believe the federal government should be investing social security funds in the stock market." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "Do not reduce benefits"
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Judy Biggert. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Illinois Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • James Fuller. Social Security becomes hot topic in 11th Congressional District. 18 August 2012. "Biggert has spoken in favor of what some term "partial privatization" where individuals can choose to put a small portion, generally 2 percent, of their Social Security tax payments, into private accounts. Those accounts could then be invested in the stock market." (www.dailyherald.com)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Judy Biggert supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 50 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Judy Biggert. Chicago Tribune: Editorial Board Questionnaire. "When we finally get down to making the tough decisions on Social Security, we should look at reform as part of a retirement security package that addresses the changing nature of our workforce and our expectations “ Americans are living longer, working longer, investing more for their own retirement, and relying less on traditional pensions provided by their former, life-long employers. " (general2010.elections.chicagotribune.com)
  • Judy Biggert. Daily Herald via Students First Illinois: Congressional Candidates differ on education, the deficit. 1 November 2006. "I am opposed to so-called "privatization." Instead, we should consider proposals that give young people who are just entering the system some control over how a small portion of their Social Security payroll taxes are invested. This option should not be mandatory for any workers - young or old." (www.studentsfirst.us)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Congressional Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legally available.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

Support Roe v. Wade decision and support a ban on partial birth abortion

Budgetary Priorities

Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

a) Agricultural
b) Arts
c) Defense
d) Education
e) Environmental
f) International Aid
g) Law Enforcement
h) Medical Research
i) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
j) National Parks
k) Public Health Services
l) Scientific Research
m) Terrorism Prevention
n) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
o) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number per category.

a) Armed Forces personnel training
b) Covert intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
d) Pay for active duty personnel
e) National Missile Defense Program
f) Programs to improve military retention rates
g) Research and development of new weapons
h) Troop and equipment readiness
i) Other or expanded categories

Taxes

Using the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax.

Income Taxes - Family Income

a) Less than $25,000
b) $25,000 - $75,000
c) $75,000 - $150,000
d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

Income Taxes - Retiree Income

f) Over $40, 000
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes

a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits

a) Charitable deductions
b) Medical expense deductions
c) Mortgage deductions
d) Child tax credit
e) Earned income tax credit
f) Student loan tax credit
g) Other or expanded categories

Taxes

Yes2) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No3) Would you use Social Security surpluses to balance the budget?
4) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and governmental reform issues.

a) Support public taxpayer funding for congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xb) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
e) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xf) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
g) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
Xh) Remove all contribution limits to federal candidates and parties.
i) Require congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
Xj) Require that unions give members the option of not having membership dues used for political purposes.
Nok) Support the federal government mandate that creates national voting system standards.
Nol) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms that members of Congress can serve?
Nom) Do you support voting on-line?
Xn) Other or expanded principles

Require full and immediate (within 48 hrs) disclosure via the internet.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Increase funding for community policing programs.
Xg) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
j) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
k) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.

a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
d) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.

a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
g) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
h) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
Xi) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
Xj) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xk) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
Xe) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
f) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Increase the federal minimum wage.
h) Considering race and gender in government contracting decisions is appropriate for the federal government.
Xi) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
j) Continue federal affirmative action programs.
k) Discontinue federal affirmative action programs.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
e) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
Xf) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Provide tax credits for state and local bonds to preserve open spaces, build parks, improve water quality and redevelop brownfields.
i) Support the National Forest Protection and Restoration Act prohibiting commercial logging in our national forests.
Xj) Provide states and local communities with more flexibility to address their respective environmental problems.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xe) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
Xf) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xg) Increase research funding of the human genome to find cures for diseases such as cancer, AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
h) Increase federal funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
i) Prohibit the procedure of cloning human embryos.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
c) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
Xd) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
Xe) Establish English as the official U.S. language.
Xf) Collect fingerprint data from all U.S. visa applicants which would be accessible to all federal immigration-related agencies.
g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S.
Xh) Other or expanded principles

Increase border patrol to reduce illegal immigration

International Aid

Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U. S. economic assistance.

a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
c) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
f) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

a) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
b) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
c) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
d) The U.S. should support the formation of a Palestinian state.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.

a) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
d) Other or expanded principles
3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
4) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
5) Should the U.S. increase its financial support to Colombia for the "war on drugs?"
6) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
7) Do you support the recent withdrawal of the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in order to deploy a national missile defense system?
8) Should the U.S. hold nations accountable for terrorists who operate from their country?
9) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) trading status with the United States? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
Yes6) Should the President have "fast-track" authority to negotiate trade agreements?
No7) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
8) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes1. Do you support the President using military tribunals to try terrorist suspects when the President deems ordinary civil courts to be inappropriate or impractical?
Undecided2. Should the U.S. adopt higher qualification rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Undecided3. Should law enforcement agencies be granted greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes4. Should federal law enforcement agencies share intelligence data with local law enforcement agencies?
Yes5. Should the federal government provide states with funding for homeland security?
6. Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) The federal government should invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
Xf) Support a "lock box" measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.

Xa) Continue the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
c) Regulation of the Internet should not be controlled by the federal government.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.

a) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
b) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to defray the cost of an apartment.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
Xd) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
e) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
f) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
g) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
i) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
j) Provide states with additional funding for Medicaid programs to alleviate increasing state budget deficits.
k) Other or expanded principles
In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional funding needed to implement these priorities.