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Julia Brownley's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (CA) - District 26, Democratic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Julia Brownley has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "H.R. 36 does more than endanger the health and lives of women. It also robs rape victims of their constitutionally protected right to choose." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/981816/pain-capable-unborn-child-protection-act#.Va_NA3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Congresswoman Julia Brownley has earned a 100% lifetime score from Planned Parenthood for her record of standing up for women's rights and has been an outspoken critic of the Supreme Court ruling that would allow corporate bosses to deny critical health care protections for their women employees." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/896454/jeff-gorell-remains-silent-on-supreme-court-ruling-that-puts-corporate-ahead-of-womens-health#.VnhmBGwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/59904/julia-brownley#.Va_NcXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Ryan Budget would end Medicare as we know it, make college less affordable, and kick millions of Americans off of their private health insurance plans, while giving more tax breaks to the top 1 percent and increasing incentives for corporations to shift jobs overseas." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/860929/brownley-ventura-county-wont-be-fooled-by-paul-ryans-april-fools-day-budget/?search=tax%20breaks#.Vnhtd2wViko (votesmart.org)
  • "Balancing our budget does not mean doing so off the backs of America's seniors, who have paid a lifetime into Medicare and Social Security while "Big Oil" and the ultra rich get more tax breaks." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/702139/issue-position-seniors/?search=tax%20breaks#.VnhuM2wViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Should the possession of small amounts of marijuana be decriminalized? "Yes" http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/59904/julia-brownley/ (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders, such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment? "Yes" http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/59904/julia-brownley/ (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/54470 (votesmart.org)
  • "The report released today underlines what House Democrats have been saying for months: the severe, across-the-board, automatic spending cuts that start Friday will hurt the economy and cost jobs." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/768249/brownley-calls-on-congress-to-avert-automatic-spending-cuts#.Va_OeHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Did you know that Camarillo and Oxnard airports provide 2,500 jobs locally and contribute $300 million to the local economy annually? I was pleased to welcome Ventura County Director of Airports Todd McNamee to a House Transportation and Infrastructure Aviation Subcommittee roundtable this month, where we discussed why it is so important that Congress continues to invest in the nearly 20,000 airports nationwide." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/983602/newsletter-may-2015#.Va_PoXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R. 636 "America's Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2015" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51297 (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to move beyond partisan gridlock and find a responsible solution that includes a combination of targeted spending cuts, increased revenues, and job growth to move our economy forward. Congress has a choice. We can either protect tax loopholes for special interests or we can stand up together to protect national security and jobs by taking action now to avert the sequester." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/768249/brownley-calls-on-congress-to-avert-automatic-spending-cuts#.Va_OeHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I recently reintroduced my bill, the "VOW to Hire Heroes Act," which would expand and extend the work opportunity tax credit for companies that hire veterans and allow qualified tax-exempt organizations to make a credit available against payroll taxes for hiring a veteran." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/983602/newsletter-may-2015#.Va_PoXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As Education Chair, I have championed legislation to improve curriculum frameworks, establish Common Core standards for math and language arts, to encourage bilingual education, music and the arts and to provide more professional development for California's teachers." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/702133/issue-position-education#.Va_QtnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against S. 1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.Va1nxXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 93% by Environment America http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/59904/julia-brownley#.VcI5NHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "We are writing on behalf of the 80,000 Americans employed by the U.S. wind industry – representing jobs in all fifty states – to ask that you promptly extend the current law Production Tax Credit (PTC) and the Investment Tax Credit (ITC). Wind now provides power to over 15 million American homes, as well as to many thousands of farms and businesses." http://loebsack.house.gov/uploadedfiles/wind_ptc-itc_extension_letter_final_3.21.2014.pdf (loebsack.house.gov)
  • "We must become energy independent and make strategic investments in clean, renewable and sustainable energy right here at home and we should set a national goal to do it over the next few decades." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/702135/issue-position-environment#.Va_R_XUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.507 "Specifies the Authority of the Secretary of Interior on the Regulation of Methane Emissions" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/46345 (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "Thank you for your leadership in responding to the serious challenge of climate change. We applaud and support your Climate Action Plan, the joint announcement with China establishing ambitious carbon pollution reduction targets, and the national commitment to the Green Climate Fund. These actions are critical to protect Americans from the most dangerous effects of climate change." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966103/letter-to-barack-obama-president-of-the-united-states-bicameral-task-force-on-climate-change#.Va_SZXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Protecting the environment and preserving it for future generations is essential and requires careful stewardship of our precious natural resources. Environmental protection is also key to growing our vibrant 21st century economy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/702135/issue-position-environment#.Va_S5XUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating, "Our nation has suffered at least 74 school shootings since the Sandy Hook massacre. The factors allowing these rampages are no mystery: loopholes in the background check laws, straw purchases, restrictions on law enforcement, and gaps in our mental health system." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/888676/letter-to-john-boehner-speaker-of-the-house-163-members-of-congress-demand-a-vote-not-silence-to-prevent-gun-violence#.Va_TLHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of A.B.1527 "Prohibits Open Carry of Certain Unloaded Firearms" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/40255 (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/59904/julia-brownley/37#.Va_TYHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Since the start of open enrollment for the Affordable Care Act, more than 5 million Americans have enrolled in coverage through the new health insurance marketplaces, millions more have enrolled in Medicaid, and no American can be discriminated against because of a pre-existing condition." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/860657/letter-to-kathleen-sebelius-secretary-department-of-health-and-human-services-give-working-families-an-opportunity-to-obtain-the-health-insurance-they-need#.Va_UJHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "A doctor from Ventura wrote to tell me that in one day, she saw three patients who are chronically ill and were afraid to seek medical care because they do not have health insurance. However, because of the Affordable Care Act, they will be eligible for coverage on Jan. 1." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/834045/ventura-county-star-making-the-affordable-care-act-work-for-you#.Va_TtHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S.B.51 "Compliance with Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/36984 (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of A.B.1081 "Prohibits Excessive Detention of Undocumented Immigrants" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/41435 (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "We believe it is undeniable that detention in a secure facility is detrimental to mothers and children and is not reflective of our values as a Nation. Children require special protections and should not be laced in jail-like settings." http://grijalva.house.gov/uploads/2015_5_27Family_Detention_Letter.pdf (grijalva.house.gov)
  • "I would advocate for an earned pathway to citizenship, with border security measures, holding accountable employers who knowingly violate the law, and making sure that workers and businesses pay their fair share of taxes." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/702149/issue-position-immigration#.Va_U0HUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "As federal legislators who represent families across this nation, we believe that—like DOMA—state marriage bans deny our citizens the equal protection that the Constitution guarantees." http://www.democraticleader.gov/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/258055-Brief-Appx.pdf (www.democraticleader.gov)
  • "Our commitment to equality is a reflection of our nation's character and its strength. I support equal rights for everyone in California and across the nation and am proud to be part of the NOH8 campaign." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/796205/representative-brownley-joins-members-of-congress-to-stand-up-for-equality-with-noh8#.Va_VVnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S.B.1172 "Prohibits Sexual Orientation Conversion Therapy" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/41605 (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "Before weighing the use of military force, Congress must fully debate and consider the facts and every alternative, as well as determine how best to end the violence and protect civilians." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/807635/letter-to-barack-obama-president-of-the-united-states-consult-congress-on-military-action-in-syria#.Va_XOXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "We remain committed to making the changes that will extend solvency for 75 years, but Social Security has not contributed to our current fiscal problems and it should not be on the bargaining table." http://grijalva.house.gov/news-and-press-releases/majority-of-house-democrats-call-on-president-obama-to-reject-benefit-cuts-to-medicare-medicaid-and-social-security-in-new-letter/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • "In Congress, I will fight efforts to privatize or cut Medicare and Social Security." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/752082/social-security-and-medicare#.Va_ad3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 80% by Alliance for Retired Americans http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/59904/julia-brownley/53 (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

California State Legislative Election 2010 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-choicea) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life?
Nob) Should abortion be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy?
Yesc) Should abortion be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape?
Yesd) Should abortion be legal when the life of the woman is endangered?
Noe) Do you support requiring parental notification before an abortion is performed on a minor?
Nof) Do you support requiring parental consent before an abortion is performed on a minor?
Yesg) Do you support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods?
Noh) Do you support abstinence-only sexual education programs?
i) Other or expanded principles
1) State Spending
Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category; you may use a number more than once.
Greatly Increasea) Education (higher)
Greatly Increaseb) Education (K-12)
Greatly Increasec) Environment
Greatly Increased) Health care
Greatly Increasee) Law enforcement
Greatly Increasef) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Greatly Increaseg) Welfare
h) Other or expanded categories
2) State Taxes
Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category; you may use a number more than once.
Slightly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Increaseb) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increasec) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increased) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasee) Property taxes
Maintain Statusf) Sales taxes
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decreaseh) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increasei) Income taxes (high-income families)
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Budget Stabilization
Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing California's budget.
Yesa) Tapping into California's "rainy day" fund
Yesb) Issuing the early release of certain non-violent offenders
Noc) Instituting mandatory furloughs and layoffs for state employees
Nod) Reducing benefits for Medicaid recipients
Noe) Privatizing certain government services
f) Other or expanded principles

Instituting an oil extraction tax and reinstating the vehicle license fee.

Yesa) Should California hold a constitutional convention to rewrite the state constitution?
Yesb) Do you support changing the requirement for state budget passage from a two-thirds vote to a majority vote?
Yesc) Do you support limits on the number of terms for California governors?
Yesd) Do you support limits on the number of terms for California state legislators?
e) Do you support limits on the following types of contributions to candidates for state government?
Yes1) Individual
Yes2) Political Action Committee
Yes3) Corporate
Yes4) Political Party
Yesf) Should candidates for state office be encouraged to meet voluntary spending limits?
Yesg) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
h) Other or expanded principles

Term limits for state legislators needs to be evaluated. Six years in the Assembly is too short and should be extended somewhat.

Noa) Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Yesb) Do you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders, such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment?
Yesc) Should the possession of small amounts of marijuana be decriminalized?
Nod) Should a minor accused of a violent crime be prosecuted as an adult?
Noe) Should a minor who sends sexually-explicit or nude photos by cell phone face criminal charges?
f) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?
g) Other or expanded principles

I believe the federal government needs a comprehensive and fair immigration policy.

Noa) Do you support reducing government regulations on the private sector?
Yesb) Do you support increased state funding for job-training programs that re-train displaced workers?
Yesc) Do you support expanding access to unemployment benefits?
Yesd) Do you support providing financial incentives to the private sector for the purpose of job creation?
Yese) Do you support increased spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
Yesf) Do you support providing direct financial assistance to homeowners facing foreclosure?
Nog) Do you support suspending the sale of bonds that would finance the California high-speed rail?
h) Other or expanded principles
Yesa) Do you support national education standards?
Nob) Do you support requiring public schools to administer high school exit exams?
Noc) Do you support using a merit pay system for teachers?
Yesd) Do you support state funding for charter schools?
Yese) Do you support the state government providing college students with financial aid?
Yesf) Should illegal immigrants who graduate from California high schools be eligible for in-state tuition at public universities?
g) Other or expanded principles

I support charter schools with accountability and standards of innovation.

Yesa) Do you support state funding for the development of alternative energy?
Nob) Do you support state funding for the development of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)?
Yesc) Do you support providing financial incentives to farms that produce biofuel crops?
Yesd) Do you support state funding for improvements to California's energy infrastructure?
Yese) Do you support state funding for open space preservation?
Yesf) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?
g) Other or expanded principles
Yesa) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Yesb) Do you support requiring background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows?
Noc) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?
Yesd) Do you support requiring a license for gun possession?
e) Other or expanded principles
Yesa) Do you support the establishment of a single-payer, publicly-administered health care system for California?
Yesb) Do you support a universally-accessible, publicly-administered health insurance option?
Yesc) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?
Yesd) Do you support interstate health insurance compacts?
e) Should individuals be required to purchase health care insurance?
Nof) Do you support monetary limits on damages that can be collected in malpractice lawsuits?
Yesg) Do you support legalizing physician-assisted suicide in California?
Yesh) Do you support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes?
i) Other or expanded principles
Noa) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman?
Yesb) Should California allow same-sex couples to form domestic partnerships?
Yesc) Do you support state funding for stem cell research?
Yesd) Do you support state funding for embryonic stem cell research?
Yese) Do you support the state's use of affirmative action?
Yesf) Do you support the inclusion of sexual orientation in California's anti-discrimination laws?
Yesg) Do you support the inclusion of gender identity in California's anti-discrimination laws?
h) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

California's public school system, both K-12 and higher education, are on the verge of collapse. I support a larger investment in our education systems.

We will have to consider increased revenues through an oil severance tax or the reinstatement of vehicle license fees, but California will save billions of dollars by avoiding prison expansion.

I also support school finance reform in our K-12 system. We need to insure that the dollars we do invest in education is spent wisely and effectively.

I will continue to work on legislation I carried this year to ban single use plastic bags in California.

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