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Barbara Ann Radnofsky

Barbara Ann Radnofsky's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Barbara Ann Radnofsky
Gender: Female
Family: Husband: Ed Supkis; 3 Children: Danielle, Max, Michaela
Birth Date: 07/08/1956
Birth Place: Broomall, PA
Home City: Houston, TX
Religion: Jewish
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What is the Political Courage Test?

Congressional Election 2006 National Political Awareness Test

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles

I support Roe v. Wade. We must target zero abortion by improving the social and economic conditions of women (eg. health care, prenatal care, child care and pay parity) such that no woman is economically coerced to have an abortion. We know this will lower the abortion rate. Please see the issues chart on the website at www.radnofsky.com.

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Greatly Increasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Greatly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medical research
Maintain Statusj) National parks
Maintain Statusk) Public health services
Maintain Statusl) Scientific research
Greatly Increasem) Space exploration programs
Greatly Decreasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Statuso) Welfare
Maintain Statusp) Emergency preparedness
q) Other or expanded categories

The inquiries have no allowance for stopping government waste of our tax dollars. Each category should be studied to eliminate corruption and waste. If the pending cuts to Texas for research, enforcement and educaiton persist, we need to reallocate funds. Texas ranks 49th in the pork-laden transportation bill, and 51st in bringing home government largesse, while vital dollars for research go elsewhere. Please see the issues chart on the website at www.radnofsky.com.

Defense Spending
Maintain Statusa) Armed forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Statuse) National missile defense
Maintain Statusf) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Statusg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Statusi) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Eliminating Government Waste. The inquiries have no allowance for stopping government waste of our tax dollars. Thus the "3" designation in each category as each should be studied to eliminate corruption and waste.

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
a) Less than $25,000
b) $25,000-$75,000
c) $75,000-$150,000
d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

Eliminate the alternate minimum tax, crashing into middle income brackets and roll back the unfair tax cuts for only the very, very wealthiest. The category "over $150,000" therefore doesn't appropriately make a distinction. Please see the issues chart on the website at www.radnofsky.com.

Retiree Income
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
Greatly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

We can save one trillion dollars in revenue by reserving inheritance tax for only the top .5 percent of estates, exempting 95.5 percent of estates.

Deductions/Credits:
Slightly Increasea) Charitable contributions
Greatly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?
6) Discuss your proposals for balancing the federal budget. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

We must reduce the deficit and reinstitute pay-as-you-go. Stop government's massive waste of our tax payer dollars. See issues chart at www.radnofsky.com.

7) Other or expanded principles

Our tax burdens are unfairly distributed in today's society. We must stop rewarding companies for shipping American jobs overseas. We must provide proper incentives for U.S. companies to keep jobs at home.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
f) Require Section 527 organizations to register with the Federal Election Commission as Political Action Committees.
g) Do you support instant run-off voting?
Yesh) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Noi) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?
j) Other or expanded principles

See corruption fighting principles including independent ethics commission with independent powers at issues chart at www.radnofsky.com.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with educational, vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xf) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
g) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of corporate crimes.
h) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Support a federal law to standardize testing and penalties for steroid use in professional sports.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
Xe) Reward teachers with merit pay for working in low-income schools.
Xf) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
g) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xh) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xi) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
j) Other or expanded principles

We must improve and fund our public school systems. We should promote mediation in the schools. We must save successful programs, such as Upward Bound, and eliminate the provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act that teachers know are ineffective. Please read the issues chart at www.radnofsky.com.

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
d) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Other or expanded principles

I'm aware of the use of quotas to discriminate against groups and believe each proposal must be evaluated.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants.
d) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
e) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
f) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xh) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xj) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
k) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xm) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming.
n) Other or expanded principles

We must recognize that our national security requires energy independence and development of renewables. We must promote energy conservation and recognize the employment and health improvements associated with pollution control. Please see the issues chart on the website at www.radnofsky.com.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
g) Require a license for gun possession.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
d) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xe) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
f) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
g) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
h) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xi) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
j) Other or expanded principles

The employer based model of health care has failed. We need insurance reform, including preventive care, "prompt pay", single risk pools and a system similar to Medicare or the VA. If properly funded, such a system would save billions of dollars, covering preventive care and encouraging compliance with medication and treatment regiments. Please see the issues chart www.radnofsky.com.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program that would enable illegal immigrants to work in the United States legally.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using government funded social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Other or expanded principles

Tie immigration to security, develop a comprehensive strategy, encourage rather than discourage legal trade between Mexico and Texas, develop a workable system of workplace enforcement with federal funding, develop workable registration system so residents will register, using arduous path to citizenship. Please see issues chart at www.radnofsky.com.

International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) International Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Should the United States send more troops to Iraq?
e) Discuss your proposals for an exit strategy in Iraq. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

We should set a timetable and withdraw. The Adminstration and its military leaders have acknowledged, publicly, plans for a timed withdrawal. Please see the issues chart on the website at www.radnofsky.com.

f) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to dismantle the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles

The U.S. must use all diplomatic methods at the recognized levels of coercion and persuasion, and Congress must reassert its role in foreign affairs. At the end of the spectrum and last resort is coercion.

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
b) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
Yes5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs?"
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)?
3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
6) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes7) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
8) Other or expanded principles

NAFTA as drafted harmed the U.S. economy and have fueled illegal immigration into the country.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Noa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
b) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yese) Do you support the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in U.S. custody?
f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to U.S. national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled on the need for Congressional action for military tribunals and protection of civil rights balanced with national security. The distinction between preventive and pre-emptive has been confused in current U.S. foreign policy. Pre-emptive strikes must remain in our arsenal.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

I oppose the privatization of Social Security benefits. The system will not be saved by allowing these funds to be subjected to volatile market forces. We must repeal the so-called "windfall elimination" legislation, robbing teachers of their spousal social security rights.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement government regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

I strongly support net neutrality. We must support net neutrality so that children, families and the future of education are supported and not harmed. Please read the issues chart at www.radnofsky.com.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
f) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
g) Other or expanded principles

We should maintain the proven programs which function well on shoe string budgets: Head Start and loan programs pay back more than invested with educational and fundamental pay back. Please see issues chart on the website at www.radnofsky.com.

On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

My Top Legislative Priorities: Children's Education and Health Care -- Education and insurance reform reduces waste, saves billions, avoids disease and lowers taxes.

Veterans and Military -- I'm the daughter and granddaughter of injured veterans. We need a G.I. Bill of Rights for the 21st centruy. Please see issues chart for more detail at www.radnofsky.com.

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