Representative Steve J. Israel's Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: Steve J. Israel
Current Office: U.S. House - District 3, Democratic
First Elected: 11/07/2000
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic, Independence, Working Families for U.S. House - District 3
General Nov. 4, 2014
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Marlene; 2 Children
Birth Date: 05/30/1958
Birth Place: Brooklyn, NY
Home City: Dix Hills, NY
Religion: Jewish
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Steve Israel's processing deadline has not passed. The result of Steve Israel's Political Courage Test will be released in upcoming weeks.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Steve Israel in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Steve Israel voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Steve Israel voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Steve Israel voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Steve Israel voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Twitter: RepSteveIsrael. 4 May 2011. "GOP abortion bill would deny low-income women access to abortion care. #HR3" (twitter.com)
  • Steve Israel. New Attack. 24 October 2011. "It is outrageous that the Republicans in Washington would use my faith to distract from their extremism. Just last week they passed a bill in the House to prevent women from paying for abortions with their own health insurance premiums!" (www.israelforcongress.com)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Steve Israel in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Steve Israel a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Steve Israel voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Steve Israel voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Steve Israel voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. DCCC CHAIRMAN STEVE ISRAEL'S STATEMENT ON WOMEN'S EQUALITY DAY. 26 August 2011. "As we celebrate this anniversary on Women's Equality Day, Republicans are waging the most radical ideological assault we've seen against women in decades. We will continue to fight against the Republicans' extreme agenda that would end Medicare, restrict a woman's right to choose and deny women health care and family planning services." (dccc.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Steve Israel voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of Peace Action West 25 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Hearing of the State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee - The Emergency Supplemental Request for Iraq and Afghanistan. 6 March 2008. "So my question is, if there is one thing that appears to be working effectively in Afghanistan and will answer the concern that the special forces had, that unless we're willing to stay there for 100 years, at some point, there is only going to be peace and stability if the Afghans learn self-reliance and can build bridges, keep the bridges and expand democracy." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. MSNBC "Hardball with Chris Matthews" “ Transcript. 24 October 2008. "I just returned from Afghanistan and the fact of the matter is that one of the casualties of the war in Iraq is the war in Afghanistan, not only by my standard but by the admission of the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, by Secretary Gates who say that the climate in Afghanistan is getting grim despite the best and most heroic efforts of our troops. It was this fixation that the Bush administration had, and the McCain camp wants to continue this fixation that has made it more difficult for our troops in Afghanistan." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Listen to the General. 19 November 2009. "Imminently, we are told, President Obama will decide how many troops to send to Afghanistan and what their mission should be. Many are demanding that the President 'listen to his General,' meaning he should accede to General Stanley McChrystal's reported requests for anywhere from 30,000 to 60,000 additional forces for an effective counterinsurgency mission. But there is another General the President should listen to -- General McChrystal's boss, CENTCOM Commander David Petraeus. His published and highly regarded doctrine on counterinsurgency reveals some painful truths about what is really necessary in Afghanistan. The Petraeus Doctrine, issued in 2006, calls for 20-25 security forces (including the host nation's military and police forces) for every thousand persons. Afghanistan's population of 28.396 million would therefore theoretically require between 567,920 and 709,900 troops. Even with the Afghan Security Forces current strength of approximately 180,000 troops that's hundreds of thousands of additional U.S. and allied nation forces, not the tens of thousands that General McChrystal proposes to add. [¦] Five hundred thousand U.S. and allied nation troops at a $500 billion cost over as many as 20 years just isn't sustainable. It's not remotely realistic. What is sustainable and realistic is not the counterinsurgency mission, but a counter-terrorism mission that roots out and degrades Al Qaeda wherever it threatens our interests.." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?"
  • Steve Israel. Issues: National Security and Israel. 1 January 2012. "To bring our troops home successfully and safely from Iraq and Afghanistan depends on both smart military strategy and smart diplomatic efforts to keep terrorists from regaining ground. Steve believes it is critically important that we dismantle al Qaeda's operations in Afghanistan and Pakistan." (www.israelforcongress.com)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Peace Action 25 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Steve Israel voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Steve Israel voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Steve Israel voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Steve Israel voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Steve Israel voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Steve Israel voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Steve Israel voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense"
  • Steve Israel. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Steve Israel voted Nay on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Budget FAQ. 21 September 2011. "With a deficit of $1.3 trillion last year, ELIMINATING “ not just cutting “ all discretionary spending programs (like the FBI, Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Education, college tuition assistance, food safety inspectors, foreign assistance, etc.), would not allow us to close the deficit and start paying down our debt. Similarly, if you simply pull the plug on the Pentagon and no longer have a defense budget, you will only save twenty cents of every federal dollar -- and the world will be a much more dangerous place. So cutting spending will reduce the debt, but even eliminating spending on defense and discretionary programs will not end the debt." (israel.house.gov)
  • Steve Israel. Department of State, Foreign Operations, And Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2010. 9 July 2009. "If you ask the Department of Defense what we need in order to promote stability and security and affluence and prosperity, they will tell you we need a robust defense budget, something I agree with." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. The Department of State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008 “ Continued. 21 June 2007. "And I would say with all due respect to the gentlewoman and to those on the other side who believe that this foreign operations bill is too expensive, is the gentlewoman advocating cutting by 1 percent foreign military financing or international military education and training? Is the gentlewoman suggesting to her constituents that we should slash budgets to professionalize other militaries to assist us in the global war on terror, to make sure that they have the technology and the equipment to help win the global war on terror? Because if you are suggesting a 1 percent cut or 2 percent cut or 3 percent cut in this bill, you are suggesting a cut in our national security. You are suggesting reducing the amount of military assistance, education, and foreign military sales that we are providing to our allies around the world. Mr. Chairman, they are costing their own congressional districts jobs, defense contractors who are part of this Nation's defense. We will lose revenues because of these cuts to foreign military financing. This is not just a foreign operations bill. This is a national security bill. It is a homeland security bill. They go hand in hand, and we should not be advocating slicing off one of those hands while we are fighting a global war on terror surrounded by threats. We Democrats believe that we need a robust ability to meet that threat, not cut defense budgets as the other side is suggesting." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Steve Israel voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Steve Israel voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Steve Israel voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 6 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000" Family Income Other or expanded principles: "must reform AMT"
  • Steve Israel. Rich is Relative. 21 September 2011. "These costs can take a toll on a middle-class family, which is why we need to be vigilant in ensuring that when Washington talks about raising taxes on the 'wealthiest' families, they aren't lumping middle class Long Islanders in with Warren Buffett. While we all know that what qualifies as wealthy in Arkansas isn't necessarily rich on Long Island, the problem is that the tax code doesn't recognize the difference and treats both families the same. That's why I support indexing the income tax brackets to reflect regional cost of living. Under this proposal, the level at which a tax rate kicks in would be adjusted by how expensive an area is. For example, last year a single filer earning between about $82,000 and $170,000 was in the 28% bracket. Now, $85,000 a year just doesn't go as far on Long Island as it does in other parts of the country. People in high cost of living areas like Long Island would see that bracket shifted up and may find themselves in a lower tax bracket. That person making $85,000 and living on Long Island might now move from the 28% tax bracket to the 25% tax bracket, reducing their federal income tax burden." (israel.house.gov)
  • Steve Israel. Budget. 27 October 2011. "If Congress ended tax breaks just for big oil and gas companies, it could save as much as $4 billion a year. Rep. Israel believes we also need to be realistic about tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans, while protecting the middle class. This means ending the Bush-era tax cuts for those making more than $1 million a year." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Taxes. 27 October 2011. "That's why Steve is working pass legislation that would take the regional cost of living into account when determining a family or individual's federal income tax. Under this plan, many Long Islanders would move into a lower tax bracket and get a tax cut." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 83 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Economy. 27 October 2011. "In 2009, Rep. Israel voted in favor of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (H.R.1) to jump start our economy, rebuild our infrastructure, invest in energy and technology, and provide much needed support for health care, education and workers who have been hurt by the recession." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Steve Israel voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Steve Israel voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Op Ed: Jobs, Jobs, Jobs. 24 September 2009. "Last October, I said that climbing out of this economic recession wouldn't be easy and it wouldn't happen overnight -- but it was critical that we acted quickly to help keep Americans working. Congress responded by passing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) in January. [¦] Still, we need continued and demonstrable progress on tax stability and job expansion. I have worked to ensure that my constituents are getting their fair share back. Here's how some of the money is coming home: -$15 million for the Long Island Clean Cities Coalition to help build alternative fuel stations and put alternative fuel vehicles on the road in Nassau and Suffolk Counties -$4.9 million for infrastructure repairs in Babylon and Islip -$4.8 million for roadway upgrades on Jericho Turnpike and the Sunken Meadow Parkway. Not only will these investments put people to work and generate economic activity -- they also address critical challenges like reducing our dependence on foreign oil and rebuilding our infrastructure." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Steve Israel a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Steve Israel voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Economy. 27 October 2011. "He successfully worked to pass legislation to create new tax incentives for businesses to hire unemployed workers." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Steve Israel. Israel Lauds Passage of Legislation to Stop Teacher Lay-Offs. 13 August 2010. "Tuesday, Congressman Steve Israel (D-Huntington) supported legislation to stave off teacher layoffs on Long Island and around the country. The legislation -- which is fully funded by cracking down on offshore tax loopholes -- will help make up state and local budget gaps that require teacher lay-offs. 'This Fall, Long Island kids could show up at schools with fewer teachers and larger class sizes,' Israel said. 'The repercussions of cuts at schools would be felt for years to come by the schoolchildren shortchanged on a good education. The passage of this legislation protects our teachers, our taxpayers and our kids' [¦] The legislation provides $10 billion in aid to states to prevent layoffs of teachers and is paid for with cuts with unspent stimulus funds and closed tax loopholes on foreign companies." (israel.house.gov)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Education. 27 October 2011. "Congressman Israel believes we should increase federal funding for local schools to match the levels of accountability mandated by federal law. He doesn't believe in short-changing our children's education or forcing local governments to pick up the tab for under-mandates, which causes them to raise property taxes to make up the difference [¦] Congressman Israel cosponsored legislation to tie federal mandates on local schools to adequate funding. The No Child Left Behind Act added many requirements to local schools, with promises of federal funding that has yet to materialize. The Keeping Our Promises to America's Children Act, which Congressman Israel cosponsored with Congressman Dennis Moore of Kansas, will ensure that schools have the tools necessary to meet their new requirements [¦] Rep. Israel has a record of standing up for our public schools. He doesn't believe in short-changing our children's education or forcing local governments to pick up the tab for unfunded mandates, which causes them to raise property taxes to make up the difference. That's why Rep. Israel has supported legislation to help keep teachers on the job and opposed efforts to reduce federal support for local schools." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2008. 19 July 2007. "Reclaiming my time, the gentlewoman's proposal would impose an across-the-board cut in No Child Left Behind. No Child Left Behind is a Federal program that local school districts must honor. It is a huge unfunded Federal mandate. And I don't know about the gentlewoman's school districts, but I know that my school districts come to me all the time saying, Washington is forcing us to do these programs, but they're not giving us the money that they promised, which means that we have to raise taxes." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Steve Israel. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Steve Israel voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Steve Israel. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Steve Israel voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Steve Israel voted Nay on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Steve Israel in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Steve Israel in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Steve Israel voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Steve Israel in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Steve Israel in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: The Importance of Energy Dependence. 27 October 2011. "For the past year and a half I have diligently been working on my Next Generation Energy Security Initiative. This landmark plan will limit greenhouse emissions." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009. 3 June 2008. "Mr. Chairman, this amendment is very simple. Essentially, it suggests a small step DOD can take to make itself more energy efficient. The amendment requires the Secretary of Defense to conduct a study reviewing DOD's policies concerning the sale and disposal of used motor vehicle lubricating oil. The report will include an evaluation of the feasibility of implementing policies to require closed loop recycling of used oil as a means of reducing total indirect energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions. -And to the extent that the report finds that closed loop recycling can reduce total indirect energy usage and decrease greenhouse gas emissions without significant increase in overall cost to DOD, it asks the Secretary to implement closed loop recycling of used oil when feasible. [¦] -This amendment is a win-win. By recycling used motor oil, DOD decreases its reliance on our adversaries to keep its vehicles running. DOD conserves energy by extending the life of a nonrenewable resource. And greenhouse gas emissions are decreased." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. House Passes Rep. Israel Amendment Aimed at Fostering DOD Purchase and Recycling of Used Motor Oil to Reduce Energy Use. 22 May 2008. "Today, U.S. Congressman Steve Israel (D-NY), co-chair of the Defense Energy Working Group, announced House passage of an amendment aimed at fostering the purchase and refining of used motor vehicle lubricating oil for Department of Defense (DOD) energy needs. Israel's amendment will require the DOD to evaluate the feasibility of closed loop recycling of used oil as a means of reducing total indirect energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions. 'The Pentagon's dependence on foreign oil is not just a strain on our federal budget and environment, it's also a national security vulnerability,' said U.S. Congressman Steve Israel (D-NY), founder of the Defense Energy Working Group. 'We need to take immediate steps to replace foreign oil used by the military with sources of energy that can be derived domestically. By requiring the DOD to evaluate how it could purchase and utilize used motor oil that has been re-refined, we can put a sizeable dent into foreign oil used by the federal government's most voracious consumer' [¦] Expanding these programs is one small but important way the military can help conserve energy and decrease greenhouse gas emissions. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Environment. 27 October 2011. "Rep. Israel supports efforts to address global climate change. On June 26, 2009, Rep. Israel voted in favor of the American Clean Energy and Security Act (H.R. 2454). This legislation will reduce carbon emissions, increase use of renewable fuels, and create new jobs by investing in alternative energy and energy efficiency technologies." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Steve Israel. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Steve Israel voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Steve Israel in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Steve Israel voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Steve Israel in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Steve Israel a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Steve Israel voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Steve Israel. Rep. Israel & Suffolk DA Thomas Spota Announce New Legislation to Extend the Brady Bill to Include Violent Juvenile Offenders. 22 June 2010. "On Tuesday, Rep. Steve Israel [¦] announced new legislation to extend the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act to include violent juvenile offenders. The legislation would add violent juvenile offenders to the list of those ineligible to purchase or possess a handgun. 'Right now someone that commits a violent offense as a juvenile can turn 21 and go buy a handgun. When it comes to violent offenders buying guns, it needs to be 'one strike, you're out,'' said Rep. Israel. 'Long Islanders are facing a spike in gang violence. They're concerned about violent offenders in their neighborhoods or their children's schools. I'm proud to be working with District Attorney Spota to keep our streets safe.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Reps. McCarthy and Israel to Stand with Law Enforcement and Announce "No Fly, No Buy" Act Today. 13 May 2009. "Under current law, terrorist watch list checks are not part of the Brady background check process, because being a suspected or known terrorist was and is not a disqualifying factor for firearm transfer/possession eligibility. The No Fly No Buy Act seeks to correct this serious loophole in our nation's gun laws. 'Gun safety measures like the 'No Fly, No Buy' Act should be a no brainer for every Member of Congress. It's common sense legislation. I'm proud to be introducing this bill with Congresswoman McCarthy. She's on a mission to end gun violence in this country, and for as long as I've been in Congress I've been proud to support her in those efforts.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Steve Israel. Twitter: RepSteveIsrael. 6 May 2010. "Some in the GOP want to be 'tough on terror' but wouldn't stop terrorists on the no-fly list from buying a gun?" (twitter.com)
  • Steve Israel. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Steve Israel voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Health Care. 27 October 2011. "On March 21, 2010, Rep. Israel voted in favor of comprehensive health care reform legislation. The legislation was passed in the Senate and signed into law by President Obama." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law Act. 19 January 2011. "Mr. Speaker, I rise to oppose this bill. This vote establishes who you are for. Are you for insurance company profits, or are you for the middle class? [¦] Mr. Speaker, I understand the notion that this is not a perfect bill, and there are things that we can improve. My friends on the Republican side are in the majority; and if they can think of ways to improve it, I believe we should work with them. But this is not improving it. This is repealing it. This is repealing every word of it. This is repealing every vowel of it. This is repealing every consumer protection of it. This is repealing it for every one of us, for Hannah and Catherine, for one out of every nine women who has breast cancer and for all Americans with preexisting conditions. And it ought not be repealed." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Steve Israel voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Steve Israel. Health Care Vote. 7 November 2009. "I am voting yes for two reasons. Number one: The cost of health care is just becoming out of reach for too many long islanders and long island business. If you are a long island family you have seen your health case cost double in the 8 to 10 years. If you are a long island business you are receiving double digit premium increases. I have been traveling through our congressional district talking to those families, talking to those businesses. Families are telling me it's harder and harder to budget for health care and businesses are telling me that their premiums are increasing so fast that they're being forced to make decisions to trim their payrolls or reduce raises, and some are even considering, for the first time, terminating health insurance coverage for their employees and that is not acceptable. The second reason I am voting for this bill is that once and for all we have to end the insurance company practice of denying people treatment despite the fact that they've paid their premiums denying people coverage based on preexisting conditions. With the sticker shock that you get when you open up that envelope, that statement of services, and learn that your insurance company just isn't going to pay for what you thought they would pay for." (youtu.be)

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 33 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Border Protection, Antiterrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005. 22 December 2005. "Nearly 11 million undocumented immigrants currently live within our borders. That's 11 million people living in the shadows whom we know next to nothing about. This legislation criminalizes these 11 million people, pushing them further into the shadows, and does not consider the impact this will have on our legal system. For instance, this bill does not address the number of pro-bono, taxpayer funded attorneys these immigrants will need to fight their criminal charges in court nor does it address the hundreds of new prisons that would need to be built in order to house 11 million new criminal aliens. Ultimately, I support a comprehensive immigration policy that is good for families, national security and the economy. Comprehensive immigration legislation introduced by Senator JOHN MCCAIN of Arizona would substantially secure our Nation's borders. Beyond that, it would fine those immigrants already here illegally and punish employers that hire illegal immigrants. However, it would also give the 11 million undocumented immigrants in our country, along with others who are not yet in the U.S. but who hope to one day live and work here legally, a chance to earn legal status. After paying a fine, proving they have been employed in the United States and undergoing a background check, immigrants living here illegally prior to the enactment of the bill would be eligible to apply for a new, non-immigrant visa, and after six years given an option to apply for permanent residency." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Border Protection, Antiterrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005. 22 December 2005. "I am disappointed that I must rise today in opposition to H.R. 4437, the Border Protection, Antiterrorism and Illegal Immigration Control Act. I am enormously concerned with our Nation's lack of border security and the dysfunctional nature of our current immigration system. Our Nation's immigration laws are disrespected both by those who cross our borders illegally and by the businesses that hire those illegal immigrants. Unfortunately, the legislation we are considering today does little to realistically solve these problems. I'm saddened to say that it is based not on policy, but on politics. I support important amendments to this bill that will help secure our borders and cut down on illegal immigration. For instance, I support the amendment offered by Representative HUNTER of California requiring the construction of reinforced fencing, along with lights, cameras and sensors, along high priority areas of the U.S.-Mexican border. Additionally, I support the amendment offered by Representative NORWOOD of Georgia that authorizes and empowers local law enforcement officials to help enforce immigration laws." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Immigration. 27 October 2011. "In the 111th Congress, Rep. Israel is a co-sponsor of the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act of 2009 (H.R.1751), introduced by Rep. Howard Berman. The DREAM Act allows hard-working students who entered the country before they turned sixteen and have been in the United States for at least five years the opportunity to earn permanent residency if they choose to attend college or serve in the military." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Steve Israel voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Steve Israel. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Steve Israel voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 28 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Steve Israel voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?"
  • Steve Israel. Twitter:RepSteveIsrael. 17 June 2011. "NY Senate closer than ever to legalizing same-sex marriage. I'm a New Yorker for #MarriageEquality." (twitter.com)
  • Steve Israel. Twitter:RepSteveIsrael. 25 June 2011. "Proud to be a New Yorker for marriage equality. Congratulations to everyone who worked hard to get it done. #MarriageEquality." (twitter.com)
  • Steve Israel. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Steve Israel voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 91 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Steve Israel voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: National Security. 27 October 2011. "To combat terrorism, Steve believes we must aggressively pursue terrorists where they are and use all the tools available to us, including both 'hard' power and 'soft' power." Steve believes it is critically important that we dismantle al Qaeda's operations in Afghanistan and Pakistan. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Steve Israel. Project Vote Smart: 2004 New York Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Steve Israel. MSNBC "Hardball with Chris Matthews" “ Transcript. 25 January 2011. "Look, you know, tonight, Democrats and Republicans may be sitting together, but what really counts is what we stand for. And tomorrow, Democrats will be the ones who are standing against privatizing Social Security, something that Paul Ryan wants to do, against forcing seniors off Medicare and on to vouchers and against raising taxes on middle-class families. Those are issues that really--that"s the contrast between Democrats and Republicans." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. MSNBC "The Rachel Maddow Show" “ Transcript. 8 September 2011. "Well, this election in 2012 is going to be very much a referendum. Do you want a crowd that is dedicated to terminating Medicare and privatizing Social Security? Or do you want a majority of Democrats who are going to promote pro-growth agenda, create jobs and protect Medicare and Social Security?" (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Social Security E-Town Hall. 29 June 2005. "Many individuals in the President's Administration believe that privatizing Social Security and other social services creates an 'ownership society' whereby individuals make personal decisions with little government intervention. While I support the rights of individuals, privatizing Social Security is a way of ending a vital safety net that has benefited millions of senior citizens since the first benefits were paid in 1940. Without Social Security, an estimated 50% of senior citizens would live below the poverty line. [¦] Not only will privatizing Social Security lead to a drastic cut in benefits and the end of the program as we know it, but the administrative/overhead costs that you mentioned will run up our national debt. Some have said that in order to add private accounts and maintain benefits, it would cost $750 billion to $2 trillion. With the national debt currently over $7 trillion (your share alone is $26,000!), we would be passing along this burden to our children. Plus, 40% of our debt is owned by foreign interest. I can't support a plan that passes along cost burden to our children and makes us more reliant on foreign dollars." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Social Security. 27 October 2011. "The president is right when he says the long-term solvency of Social Security is in trouble. But his response -- privatizing the program -- is like sounding the alarm when you detect smoke and then proposing to burn down the house. Social Security needs to be fixed, not dismantled. It needs to be preserved, not privatized." (votesmart.org)
  • Steve Israel. Issue Position: Social Security and Seniors. 27 October 2011. "He has opposed efforts to privatize Social Security because of the high risk involved with market fluctuations." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Steve Israel supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Budget Priorities

Greatly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Greatly Increasee) Environment
Greatly Increasef) Homeland security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Slightly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Greatly Increasei) Medical research
Greatly Increasej) National parks
Slightly Increasek) Public health services
Slightly Increasel) Scientific research
Maintain Statusm) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Increaseo) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Greatly Increasea) Armed Forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
e) National missile defense
f) Pay for active duty personnel
g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
h) Research and development of new weapons
i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Taxes

Income Taxes:

Family Income

Slightly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000-$150,000
Slightly Increased) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

must reform AMT

Retiree Income

f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes:

Slightly Decreasea) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

must close corporate loopholes

Deductions/Credits:

Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories

all interest on student loans should be deductible.

Yes4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
Xf) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
i) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xj) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Xd) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

Xa) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xk) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xl) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

Xa) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xc) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
Xd) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xg) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xl) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

Xa) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xg) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xh) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
Xi) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xj) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xk) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xm) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Noc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
e) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.

Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Noc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
Yes5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
c) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yesf) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
Xg) Other of expanded principles

Social security is an important program for seniors and I will take no step that compromises the integrity of the program.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xh) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.