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John Tierney's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MA) - District 6, Democratic
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What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate federal funding for clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. John Tierney voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. John Tierney voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Tierney voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave John Tierney a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. John Tierney voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. John Tierney voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Tierney voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. John Tierney voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. John Tierney voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Tierney voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. John Tierney voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. John Tierney voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. John Tierney voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Tierney voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate abortion services from any federally funded health care plan."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. John Tierney voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed John Tierney in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Tierney voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of Peace Action West 75 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Peace Action 75 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. John Tierney voted Yea on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John F. Tierney. Issue Position: National Security. 24 November 2009. "As such, he is a vigilant watchdog of our defense and national security agencies. He has led investigations that have exposed billions of dollars of fraud, waste, and abuse. Now more than ever, we need to bring sanity to our defense spending. For example, he exposed billions of dollars of unaccounted for military reimbursement to Pakistan, which resulted in significant tightened oversight by the Department of Defense and the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad. Similarly, he authored the legislation that created the Commission on Wartime Contracting that has as its sole mission to investigate allegations of war profiteering." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. John Tierney voted Nay on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. John Tierney voted Nay on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. John Tierney voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. John Tierney voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. John Tierney voted Yea on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. John Tierney voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. John Tierney voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Republicans Block Legislation to Restore Congressional Oversight Over War Contract. 5 May 2005. "We should meet the operation, technical, and equipment needs of our troops stationed in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, we must also perform our oversight responsibilities. Unfortunately, Congress has been largely silent on the issue of accountability in our defense spending. The American taxpayers deserve to know if their tax dollars are being spent wisely[...] I will continue fighting for vigilant oversight of taxpayer dollars. Today's vote will not dampen our efforts to push for accountability in defense spending," concluded Tierney." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Letter to Dear Chairman-Designate Issa. 5 January 2011. "The United States now spends more on its military than during the height of the Cold War. In fact, U.S. defense spending is now roughly equal to military spending by all other countries combined. Defense spending accounts for almost 65 percent of the increase in annual discretionary spending levels since 2001. Although the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have contributed to an increase in DOD spending, non-war defense spending accounts for 37 percent of DOD's discretionary spending increase since 2001. Given the size of our deficit and debt and the political challenges confronting any attempt to resolve these issues, it is incumbent on this Committee that defense spending be, at the very least, closely scrutinized. Transparency and oversight should not end at the Pentagon doors." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. John Tierney voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. John Tierney voted Nay on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. National Defense"
  • John Tierney. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. John Tierney voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. John Tierney voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "2. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the tax levels for each of the listed categories. Income Taxes on Families Earning $140,000 or More"
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Comments on Tax Cut Compromise. 7 December 2010. "I intend to review any final legislative proposal extremely carefully given the important stakes involved. It remains a top priority to provide unemployment benefits to those Americans struggling to make ends meet and ensure that middle class Americans and small business owners do not face a tax increase in January. I am disappointed that the proposed compromise continues to ensure additional tax cuts for millionaires and billionaires at a time when our economy is so strained." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Comments on Tax Cut Compromise. 7 December 2010. "A significant percentage of the American people clearly agree with the Democratic proposal that passed the House earlier and saved tax cuts for everyone up to $200,000 (for individuals/$250,000 for couples). That bill stimulated job creation and retention while not adding to the long-term systemic deficit by caving to Republican demands that the already well off get tax breaks on their second million in income and a small group of millionaires get to balloon our debt by avoiding reasonable estate taxes. That bill would have created jobs and helped 155 million workers through tax cuts for the middle class and support for working families. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. John Tierney voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 6 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 10 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Questions Sensibility of Republicans' Tax Bill. 8 December 2005. "The tax bill also raises the taxes of nearly 17 million of America's middle-class families, by leaving out a provision to protect them from tax increases under the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). The AMT was created to prevent wealthy families from using so many credits, deductions and shelters that they paid no tax but it now threatens to raise taxes on an increasing number of middle-class taxpayers each year because it is not indexed to inflation. Under the Republican plan, nearly one-third of families earning between $75,000 to $100,000 per year will be subject to the AMT next year, which was targeted at the wealthiest taxpayers to make sure they paid their fair share. The tax increase for a family could be as high as $3,640." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Senior Letter - September 2011. "I support efforts to responsibly reduce spending, while closing tax loopholes for corporations and eliminating the Bush tax cuts for the wealthiest among us." (tierney.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. John Tierney voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. John Tierney voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave John Tierney a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John F. Tierney. Print Share Public Statements Congressman Tierney Launches Small Business Resource Section Online. 19 October 2011. "Small businesses are the backbone of our local economy [¦] It is imperative that we fight to ensure that small businesses have the resources, capital and support they need to succeed and prosper. I continue to look to small businesses owners in our community to share with me their ideas and thoughts on how we can better improve our economy and get more Americans back to work." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. John Tierney voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. John Tierney voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Congressman Tierney Stands up for Small Businesses. 23 September 2010. "Small business owners across the district consistently tell me that they continue to face obstacles in accessing the necessary credit. As part of ongoing efforts to revive our local economy and support small businesses, I am pleased that this legislation will improve lending to small businesses, offer tax incentives that will help strengthen small business hiring and encourage innovation and entrepreneurship on Main Street," (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Create "empowerment zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing government grants and federal assistance, in addition to tax credits, to new and expanding businesses." 5. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of unemployment? Other or expanded principles: "Re-allocate some federal funds for military R&D to civilian programs, and streamline regulations to facilitate growth."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment." Indicate which principles you support regarding unemployment. Other or expanded principles: "Comprehensive plan needed - not given as choices above. "
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Create "enterprise zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing tax credits for new and expanding businesses."
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John F. Tierney. MASSACHUSETTS SELECTED AS FINALIST IN RACE TO THE TOP COMPETITION. 4 March 2010. "The joint efforts of so many - from legislators to local educators - in the preparation of an innovative and far-reaching Race to the Top Application is already paying dividends for Massachusetts students and their families [¦] This national race was backed by the historic levels of federal financial support in the Recovery Act, and I look forward to continuing to work in partnership with the Commonwealth to help nurture reform and improve the quality of our education system as this process continues." (www.mass.gov)
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish a nationwide competency test for teachers and encourage states to adopt it."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Establish "National Standards" for K-12 schools and encourage states to adopt them." 8. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to change America's public education system? Other or expanded principles: "Study the merits of [deducting college costs from income]; encourage states to adopt compentency tests for teachers."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate the U.S. Department of Education."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • John Tierney. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. John Tierney voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Governor Patrick, Congressman Tierney Mark One-Year Anniversary of Recovery Act with Visit to Reveal Imaging Technologies. "During the 27 month ARRA program, Massachusetts will invest at least $1.9 billion in ARRA education funding to: Maintain the fiscal stability of the K-12 and higher education systems and create/retain jobs for educators and staff members; maintain and enhance students' access to educational opportunities; implement effective improvement strategies and innovative reform initiatives to address both state and federal education priorities; and support infrastructure investments in educational institutions." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Governor Patrick, Congressional Delegation Announce Massachusetts Secures $250 Million in Race to the Top Funding. 24 August 2010. "Every student should have access to a quality education and, at a time of state budget shortfalls and ongoing economic challenges, Race to the Top funds will provide local school districts with critical resources to make further improvements to the state's already first-class education system [¦] I look forward to continuing to work in partnership with the Commonwealth to help move Massachusetts schools forward" (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Fights For Massachusetts Schools. 22 July 2005. "Access to affordable, quality education has never been more important. We need to develop an aggressive strategy to compete in the global economy." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. John Tierney voted Nay on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. John Tierney voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of Environment America 93 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. John Tierney voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "Domestic production of fuels will play a role in the short term as we work to advance the future of renewable and alternative energy sources, although we must protect environmentally sensitive and valuable fishing areas such as Georges Bank. I support lowering the price at the pump by releasing a small portion of oil from the government's stockpile, ending subsidies to the oil companies, and requiring "Big Oil" to repay what it already owes taxpayers. Nuclear fuel advocates should propose a safe and affordable way to store spent fuel. America should reengage and lead international talks addressing global warming matters. "
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted."
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Consider further increasing federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels." 7. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support concerning the environment? Other or expanded principles: "Give seniors consideration to [taxing high-level energy users & prohibition of pollution causing products] through incentives rather than mandates."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Phase in a prohibition of pollution causing products such as gas powered autos and lawn mowers."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "Domestic production of fuels will play a role in the short term as we work to advance the future of renewable and alternative energy sources, although we must protect environmentally sensitive and valuable fishing areas such as Georges Bank. I support lowering the price at the pump by releasing a small portion of oil from the government's stockpile, ending subsidies to the oil companies, and requiring "Big Oil" to repay what it already owes taxpayers. Nuclear fuel advocates should propose a safe and affordable way to store spent fuel. America should reengage and lead international talks addressing global warming matters. "
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate government regulations to encourage investment and economic expansion of the private sector."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Tax high-level energy users (businesses and individuals) to discourage excessive energy use and pay for environmental cleanup."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Pass stronger clean water and clean air legislation." 7. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support concerning the environment? Other or expanded principles: "Give seniors consideration to [taxing high-level energy users & prohibition of pollution causing products] through incentives rather than mandates."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "Domestic production of fuels will play a role in the short term as we work to advance the future of renewable and alternative energy sources, although we must protect environmentally sensitive and valuable fishing areas such as Georges Bank. I support lowering the price at the pump by releasing a small portion of oil from the government's stockpile, ending subsidies to the oil companies, and requiring "Big Oil" to repay what it already owes taxpayers. Nuclear fuel advocates should propose a safe and affordable way to store spent fuel. America should reengage and lead international talks addressing global warming matters. "
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Encourage further market based strategies to clean up the environment such as pollution credits."
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Tierney in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of Environment America 93 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). John Tierney voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Tierney in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Tierney in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Tierney in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 90 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. John Tierney voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. John Tierney voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John Tierney a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the public sale of assault weapons." 1. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of crime? Other or expanded principles: "Mandatory substance abuse treatment forall offenders.Support[prosecute kids as adults&mandatory life sentences] for appropiate offences;maybe bootcamps"
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals." Indicate which principles you support concerning terrorism. Other or expanded principles: "Consider (a) if more tightly restricted/phrased. "
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the sale of handguns to minors." 1. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of crime? Other or expanded principles: "Mandatory substance abuse treatment forall offenders.Support[prosecute kids as adults&mandatory life sentences] for appropiate offences;maybe bootcamps"
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Tierney in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. John Tierney voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Tierney in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. John Tierney voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. John Tierney voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Support President Clinton's position for a "comprehensive health care plan for all Americans.""
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health. Other or expanded principles: "I believe we should enact legislation already approved by the House of Representatives requiring Medicare administrators to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies for fairer prices, much as we now do for Medicaid and veterans. Savings from such an effort would help seniors receive more affordable prescription drugs. "
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. John Tierney voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law Act. 19 January 2011. "Mr. Speaker, it is deeply disappointing that, following last week's near universal calls for unity and cooperation and amidst all of the calls to lower the temperature of political discourse and to move to working together to solve America's pressing issues, the new Republican majority is moving full steam ahead with an attempt to repeal the Affordable Care Act. The health care law may not be perfect--that prospect would always certainly be open to debate and suggestions on how it might be improved might also be open to debate--but instead of working together and building on the work that has been done and the progress that has been made, we find ourselves here today, debating and voting on a bill, which, while it may pass the House, most certainly will never become law--nor should it." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Hearing of the House Committee on Rules - Affordable Care Act. 6 January 2011. "I want to acknowledge that many of my colleagues have put forward amendments that I believe should be made in order under the rule. My colleagues' amendments retain important aspects of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that preserve important, common-sense consumer protections which ensure that necessary assistance to seniors and small businesses can continue [¦] Mr. Chairman, the bill that is expected to come to the House floor repeals the entirety of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. I supported that Affordable Care Act, and still do. But, even for those of you who didn't, you likely have supported some of its parts. Your constituents have and are continuing to benefit from its parts, and I would respectfully ask that you retain the parts specified in these and other amendments offered today [...] Needless to say, I believe the MLR provision in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is an extremely important consumer protection for Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Lauds Health Care Provision that Requires Insurance Companies to Spend More on Health Care and Less on Executive Salaries. 5 January 2011. "History has shown us that health insurance companies put profits and bonuses ahead of the health care of their customers. This will change because of the requirements set forth through the Affordable Care Act. I fought hard for this provision, which is a necessary step to reforming our health care system, and I am committed to ensuring that insurance companies follow the law and consumers are provided the full benefits of their health insurance premiums[..]The Affordable Care Act passed by Congress in 2010 put in place comprehensive health insurance reforms to hold insurance companies accountable, strengthen Medicare, and lower health care costs." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Says No to Repeal of Health Care Reform. 19 January 2011. "I am deeply disappointed that the new Republican majority moved forward with their misguided attempt to repeal the health care freedoms afforded to the American people last year [¦] Putting politics before patient care, today's repeal would cause tens of thousands of local families to lose coverage and increase the national debt by over $1 trillion. This divisive legislation throws out critical reforms, without taking any real steps to protect and serve American families. If the Affordable Care Act were repealed, many of the landmark provisions which were put in place to lower health care costs and improve patient care would be taken away." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Statement On Passage Of Historic Health Insurance Reform Legislation. 21 March 2010. 'Today, Rep. John F. Tierney (D-Mass.) issued the following statement in response to passage of the Patient Protection Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act of 2010 which passed the House this evening. 'Today's action will have a real, meaningful and immediate positive impact on millions of Americans [¦] Today's action will help so many middle-class families and small businesses that have been struggling with out-of-control health care costs." (votesmart.org)
  • John F. Tierney. Tierney Statement on the One Year Anniversary of the Affordable Care Act. 23 March 2011. "One year ago today, a hard-fought battle was won to improve our nation's health care system through the enactment of historic legislation -- the Affordable Care Act. Many Americans -- children, seniors, young adults and women alike -- have already seen important new health benefits because of the law [¦] I was proud to support the law when it passed the House and I will continue to ensure these consumer protections are fully implemented, strongly opposing any efforts to weaken the law." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • John Tierney. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. John Tierney voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. John Tierney voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 86 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "Religious entities continue to have the ability to recognize or not recognize unions between members of the religious entity or between members and non-members. Allowing civil recognition in no way disrupts that ability. "
  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "Religious entities continue to have the ability to recognize or not recognize unions between members of the religious entity or between members and non-members. Allowing civil recognition in no way disrupts that ability. "
  • John Tierney. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). John Tierney voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 97 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. John Tierney voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Tierney. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. John Tierney voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John F Tierney signed 'Pelosi, Nadler, 143 House Members File New Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA.' 7 September 2012. "Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "The United States should better cooperate with other intelligence, national security agencies and law enforcement entities. It should better spend existing considerable resources on domestic security, improving conditions at ports and railroads. It should also change from voluntary to specifically enforceable standards for protection of chemical and nuclear facilities. Better assessment of risks and prioritization with appropriate targeting based on such assessments is needed. National service proposals should be seriously considered to enhance participation in the many ways in which people can assist our country, and would likely have the effect of also increasing membership in our armed services. "
  • John F. Tierney. Providing for Consideration of H.R. 2346, Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009. "We have a right to expect that dangerous suspected terrorists will not just be set free as has reportedly happened with the Pakistani military's complicity; and a right to expect accountability for the hundreds of millions of U.S. dollars that should be targeted to effective security for our troops in Afghanistan and people here at home." (votesmart.org)
  • Richard Gaines. Gloucester Times: House, Senate candidates divide on Obama drone stance. 1 June 2012. "Congressman John Tierney described himself as having 'serious questions' about whether targeted killing and drone use 'comports with the relevant international and domestic laws.' [¦] Tierney [¦] said 'the growing demand for and reliance on unmanned systems has serious implications " legal, political and operational. That is why, as chairman of the Oversight Committee on National Security and Foreign Affairs [¦] I conducted hearings on the rise of unmanned systems and their implications for U.S. national security. Publication by the administration of its legal memorandum justifying its use would be important as the issue is examined [¦] Congress has a responsibility to ascertain the U.S. interpretation of legal standards and how these standards apply to the use of such systems.'" (www.gloucestertimes.com)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Tierney. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Massachusetts Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "John Tierney supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • John F Tierney signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. (no date) "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Massachusetts Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.

I have always believed this is a personal decision best left to a woman and her doctor. I will continue to support upholding the legal rights of women. At the same time, I strongly support family planning programs and other education efforts that help reduce the occurrence of unwanted pregnancy.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
d) Education
e) Environment
f) FEMA
g) Homeland security
h) International aid
i) Law enforcement (Federal)
j) Law enforcement (State)
k) Medical research
l) National parks
m) Public health services
n) Scientific research
o) Space exploration programs
p) Transportation and highway infrastructure
q) United Nations
r) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories

All categories of federal funding should be open to scrutiny. In making budgeting decisions, we must review circumstances and resources available. For instance, some facets of the Defense budget, particularly those weapons programs which were identified by GAO as over budget, behind schedule and not focused on our future or existing security needs, should be seriously reduced. Domestically, education, infrastructure, research and security warrant appropriate increases as do energy and climate change initiatives.

2) Defense Spending
a) Armed forces personnel training
b) Intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
e) National missile defense
f) Pay for active duty personnel
g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
h) Research and development of new weapons
i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Each of these areas requires adjustments, not only in amounts, but in application. For instance, shorter range missile defense programs would warrant continued work, whereas the unproven, untested nature of the ground-based mid-range intercontinental system is putting the procurement too far in advance of testing and should be seriously pared back. A recent GAO analysis produced in response to my Oversight Subcommittee's request indicates clearly that some weapons systems are ready for additional funding but many need to be constrained pending reform. Much better oversight of Intelligence operations and spending is needed. Equipment readiness and personnel support is appropriate.

3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
a) Less than $12,000
b) $12,001-$40,000
c) $40,001-$100,000
d) $100,001-$180,000
e) $180,001-$350,000
f) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories

Our country faces severe economic challenges and needs public investment to stimulate our economy and create jobs. The Bush Administration's tax cuts targeted at those earning over $250,000 cannot be extended and inappropriate corporate "loopholes" must be abolished. We should consider general tax reductions for middle class families and some targeted incentives for industries such as renewable and alternative energies. These sensible reforms could help improve our economic competiveness and spur job growth.

Other Taxes
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

See previous answer on taxation. Additionally, the estate tax exemption should be raised to a higher amount and the rate adjusted downward. If done properly, only approximately 1% of the wealthiest estates would be subject to taxation, while large amounts of wealth accumulated through appreciation and/or gains from non-taxable income will be subject to reasonable tax and thus contribute fairly to the national needs.

Deductions/Credits
a) Charitable contribution deduction
b) Child tax credit
c) Earned income tax credit
d) Medical expense deduction
e) Mortgage deduction
f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories

The Earned Income Tax Credit could be expanded and serve as a valuable tool to support working families. I support the child tax credit, the medical expense deduction, the mortgage deduction and the student loan credit.

No4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles

We should endeavor to balance our budget annually, but we must also recognize that in some economic circumstances this may not be possible. In such circumstances, we must then require that expenditures that exceed revenues be focused on investments likely to produce returns of future value. For instance, investments in education and infrastructure are generally perceived to result in future benefits, whereas some other spending would not.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
Xj) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles

I am the principal author and sponsor of the Clean Money, Clean Elections bill filed in the House and support its provisions, including the concept of voluntary public financing of campaigns.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
g) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xh) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles

Where appropriate, especially for non-violent crimes, quicker judicial determinations and sentencing over shorter but defined terms, followed by extensive probation focused on reclamation to living conditions and attainment of job skills and employment are needed. It is appropriate that we review the efficacy of mandatory sentences to determine their impact on our justice system.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles

I support a partnership among families, states, local communities and the federal government in supporting all levels of education including pre-K. The dire underfunding during the Bush years must be reversed. The so-called "No Child Left Behind" law must be rewritten to eliminate existing shortcomings. Moving forward, the issue of standards must be resolved, and preferably not addressed on a state-by-state basis. Teacher support and innovation are critical, as are afterschool opportunities and flexibility within school systems. I was proud to play a role in the recently enacted higher education laws which will make college education more affordable and accessible.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
Xc) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
Xd) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xe) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
Xh) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

We need to review the Trade Assistance Act and job training programs with an eye toward making training and education for employment more available without mandating a different criteria and bureaucratic process for every cause of unemployment. We should be creative in supporting businesses by preparing a workforce ready and able to fully take advantage of emerging industries such as biotechnology, robotics and nanoscience. For instance, the "Green Jobs Act," which I authored with Congresswoman Hilda Solis (D-CA) was signed into law as part of last year's comprehensive energy package, supports developing a workforce in alternative and renewable energy businesses.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xd) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xe) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
Xh) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
Xj) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Domestic production of fuels will play a role in the short term as we work to advance the future of renewable and alternative energy sources, although we must protect environmentally sensitive and valuable fishing areas such as Georges Bank. I support lowering the price at the pump by releasing a small portion of oil from the government's stockpile, ending subsidies to the oil companies, and requiring "Big Oil" to repay what it already owes taxpayers. Nuclear fuel advocates should propose a safe and affordable way to store spent fuel. America should reengage and lead international talks addressing global warming matters.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles

We need leadership and reasonable solutions to unite those supporting responsible ownership with those fearful of overabundant guns, especially in urban areas.
The recent Supreme Court ruling, while recognizing a right to possess firearms, also acknowledges the efficacy of establishing limitations for purposes of safety. Massachusetts has reasonable regulations pertaining to guns, and legislation on the national level mirroring such laws seems reasonable. Certainly, semi-automatic and automatic weapons, indiscriminately available without precaution, endangers our law enforcement officials and general population as would the unrestrained availability of such weapons as .50 caliber rifles and other heavy artillery.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
Xa) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xc) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
e) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

I believe we should enact legislation already approved by the House of Representatives requiring Medicare administrators to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies for fairer prices, much as we now do for Medicaid and veterans. Savings from such an effort would help seniors receive more affordable prescription drugs.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program.
d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

The nation needs to elect a President that will eliminate the politics involved in this issue and bring factions together to secure the borders reasonably, provide employer enforcement fairly, establish categories and appropriate numbers for admittance, identify any need for employment of non-citizens and establish a process for implementing such a system. We should reinforce our support for those lawfully visiting, studying, working and living in this country to enhance the prospects that today's new citizens will contribute as importantly as have past immigrants coming to America.

International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

Human rights abuses should certainly be a factor in determining aid and the manner in which it is provided to nation-states. To advance our national interests, it may well be appropriate, in a number of circumstances, to provide aid through non-governmental or other agencies. This may also encompass governments rife with corruption.

International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
d) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Noe) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

Iranian sanctions have to be international in form to have a reasonable chance to succeed, and must be carefully assessed as to whether, at any given time, they advance or stunt our diplomatic efforts toward a resolution. Sanctions should be coupled with serious and reasonable diplomatic efforts. The U.S. should continue accelerating its redeployment of troops from Iraq while working with allies to improve Iraq's capacity to secure its people. The U.S. should lead an international effort to develop the structure of Iraq's economy and secure its population with neighboring countries and other parties with an interest in Iraq's stability.

h) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
i) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
k) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
l) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
m) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
n) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
o) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
p) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
q) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles

The amount of assistance directed to countries like Afghanistan is important. Equally so, is the manner in which it is delivered, monitored and spent and the apportionment among military, diplomatic, intelligence and developmental efforts. As Secretary Gates now acknowledges on behalf of the Administration, military force (on its own) is not sufficient. A GAO assessment, commissioned by the Subcommittee I chair, determined that the U.S. failed to have a strategy for dealing with Afghanistan. As we submit these replies, a National Intelligence Estimate is being prepared that is expected to show a need for a new, better strategy.

International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
b) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
c) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
d) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles

As noted above, in order to be effective, any sanctions should be international in form and targeted reasonably as well as coupled with intelligent diplomatic efforts.
Trade agreements should include enforceable provisions addressing safety of foods and consumer goods, environmental considerations and labor conditions as well as other economic issues and should not abdicate Congress' constitutional role in approving terms. Any agreement should protect countries' sovereign rights.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Noe) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
f) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
g) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Noh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles

The United States should better cooperate with other intelligence, national security agencies and law enforcement entities. It should better spend existing considerable resources on domestic security, improving conditions at ports and railroads. It should also change from voluntary to specifically enforceable standards for protection of chemical and nuclear facilities. Better assessment of risks and prioritization with appropriate targeting based on such assessments is needed. National service proposals should be seriously considered to enhance participation in the many ways in which people can assist our country, and would likely have the effect of also increasing membership in our armed services.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Yesa) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Nob) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Yesd) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
e) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Yesf) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
g) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

Religious entities continue to have the ability to recognize or not recognize unions between members of the religious entity or between members and non-members. Allowing civil recognition in no way disrupts that ability.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles

Immediately upon election, the next President should work with Congress to have a bipartisan effort to identify the myriad of actions that have been proposed for saving and/or strengthening the program, set a reasonable goal for the fund to be balanced in future years, and recommend to Congress the steps that should be adopted to achieve that end. The system is not endangered to the extent some "privatization advocates" would like others to believe, yet we must take action on a reasonable plan to ensure social security remains solvent for future generations. Privatization is not the way to go!

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles

Work must be encouraged through education and job training. We must identify where the jobs in a given community will be and provide the skills required to improve people's eligibility for such jobs. Support should be available (day care, transportation) to allow for opportunities to be pursued. Once a job is obtained, assistance for fuel, nutrition, housing, etc. should gradually be reduced so as to foster independence in a constructive manner. Government should work in partnership with business, social service entities and families in this endeavor.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

As the world faces this financial crisis, America must secure its economic future. In the short term, Congress can do this through conducting increased oversight, stabilizing the housing industry, and approving a second stimulus package.

Working with a new President, we must provide health care to all citizens and fund key domestic priorities that maintain our global competitiveness, such as bolstering our education system from pre-K through college, enhancing our country's job training capacity in emerging industries, implementing an energy policy that will reduce reliance on resources from unreliable and unstable sources and move us to cleaner, more efficient fuels.

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