This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.
*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.
In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.
Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Candidate refused to address this issue.
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This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
|a) Abortions should always be illegal.|
|X||b) Abortions should always be legal.|
|c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.|
|d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.|
|e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.|
|f) Abortions should be subject to a mandatory waiting period.|
|g) Require clinics to give parental notification before performing abortions on minors.|
|h) Other or expanded principles|
State Budget: Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
|Greatly Increase||a) Education (Higher)|
|Greatly Increase||b) Education (K-12)|
|Slightly Increase||c) Emergency preparedness|
|Slightly Increase||d) Environment|
|Greatly Increase||e) Health care|
|Slightly Increase||f) Law enforcement|
|Slightly Increase||g) Transportation and highway infrastructure|
|Greatly Increase||h) Welfare|
|i) Other or expanded categories|
State Taxes: Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
|Maintain Status||a) Alcohol taxes|
|Slightly Increase||b) Cigarette taxes|
|Greatly Increase||c) Corporate taxes|
|Maintain Status||d) Gasoline taxes|
|Maintain Status||e) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)|
|Maintain Status||f) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)|
|Slightly Decrease||g) Sales taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||h) Vehicle taxes|
|i) Other or expanded categories|
|No||1) Should there be a cap on school district property taxes?|
|No||2) Should state sales taxes be extended to Internet sales?|
|No||3) Should accounts such as a "rainy day" fund be used to balance the state budget?|
|No||4) Should fee increases be used to balance the state budget?|
|Yes||5) Do you support raising the income tax for those making $1,000,000 or more?|
|6) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
|a) Do you support limiting the number of terms for New York governors?|
|No||b) Do you support limiting the number of terms for New York state senators and assemblymembers?|
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?
|Yes||4) Political Parties|
|Yes||d) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?|
|Yes||e) Do you support imposing spending limits on state-level political campaigns?|
|f) Should New York participate in the federal REAL ID program?|
|g) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
|a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and hiring of additional prison staff.|
|b) Establish the death penalty in New York.|
|X||c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.|
|X||d) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.|
|e) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.|
|f) Support state and local law enforcement officials enforcing federal immigration laws.|
|X||g) Support hate crime legislation.|
|h) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
|X||a) Support state funding of universal pre-K programs.|
|b) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).|
|X||c) Support state education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students.|
|d) Support requiring public schools to administer high school exit exams.|
|e) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.|
|f) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.|
|X||g) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.|
|h) Support using a merit pay system for teachers.|
|X||i) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.|
|X||j) Support allowing illegal immigrant high school graduates of New York to pay in-state tuition at public universities.|
|k) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
|X||a) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers and teach skills needed in today's job market.|
|b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector.|
|X||c) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.|
|X||d) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for children in low-income working families.|
|X||e) Increase state funds to provide child care for children in low-income working families.|
|X||f) Include gender identity in New York's anti-discrimination laws.|
|X||g) Increase the state minimum wage.|
|X||h) Support laws that prevent employers from dismissing employees at will.|
|i) Support financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.|
|j) Support increased work requirements for able-bodied welfare recipients.|
|X||k) Increase funding for employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.|
|l) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
|X||a) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.|
|X||b) Support increased production of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil, etc).|
|X||c) Support providing financial incentives to farms that produce biofuel crops.|
|X||d) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused, or abandoned.|
|e) Support funding for improvements to New York's power generating and transmission facilities.|
|X||f) Support funding for open space preservation.|
|X||g) Limit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases linked to global warming.|
|X||h) Enact environmental regulations even if they are stricter than federal law.|
|i) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
|Yes||a) Should background checks be required on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows?|
|No||b) Should citizens be allowed to carry concealed guns?|
|Yes||c) Should a license be required for gun possession?|
|d) Do you support current levels of enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?|
|e) Do you support current state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?|
|f) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
|X||a) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state-funded care where necessary.|
|b) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.|
|c) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.|
|X||d) Allow patients to sue their HMOs.|
|X||e) Require hospitals and labs to release reports on infections that are a risk to public health, while not compromising patient confidentiality.|
|f) Legalize physician assisted suicide in New York.|
|X||g) Support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.|
|h) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
|Yes||a) Should New York recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?|
|Yes||b) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?|
|Yes||c) Should New York provide state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples?|
|d) Do you support a moment of silence in public schools?|
|No||e) Do you support voluntary prayer in public schools?|
|Yes||f) Do you support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods?|
|No||g) Do you support abstinence-only sexual education programs?|
|Yes||h) Should the state government consider race and gender in state government contracting and hiring decisions?|
|Yes||i) Do you support affirmative action in public college admissions?|
|Yes||j) Should New York continue affirmative action programs?|
|Yes||k) Do you support state funding of stem cell research?|
|Yes||l) Do you support state funding of embryonic stem cell research?|
|No||m) Do you support allowing pharmacists who conscientiously object to emergency contraception to refuse to dispense it?|
|n) Other or expanded principles|
|Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.|
If re-elected, I will continue my fight for affordable housing in my district, as well as throughout New York City and New York State. We need to increase the quality of schools in our state and to ensure fair elections, we need comprehensive electoral reform.