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Barbara Mikulski's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Barbara Mikulski refused to tell citizens where she stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted NO on 21 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. S Amdt 2321 to S 1692. 106th Congress. To express the sense of Congress in support of the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 10/21/99. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. S Amdt 3896 to S Amdt 3899 to S 1200. 110th Congress. To modify a section relating to limitation on use of funds appropriated to the Service. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted NO on 26 February 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 4 October 2010. Planned Parenthood endorsed Barbara Mikulski in the 2010 General Election. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Child Custody Protection Act - Continued. 25 July 2006. "Finally, I oppose this bill because it is yet another assault on women's reproductive freedom. I strongly support a woman's right to choose and have fought to improve women's health during the more than two decades I have served in Congress. Whether it is establishing offices of women's health, fighting for coverage for contraceptives, or requiring Federal quality standards for mammography, I will continue the fight to improve women's health." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Executive Session Nomination of Priscilla Richman Owen, of Texas, to be United States Circuit Judge for the Fifth Circuit. 30 April 2003. "On the right to privacy, zealous opposition to women's rights to choose is a hallmark of Judge Owen's legal rulings. She used her position on the Texas Supreme Court to restrict women's rights to choose by ignoring the statute to create additional barriers for women seeking an abortion. Her opinions have been biased and unfair." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Letter to Senator Ted Stevens. 19 November 2004. "We are writing to oppose a provision called the federal refusal clause from being included in the FY 2005 Omnibus Appropriations bill. This provision was included by Representative Dave Weldon in the FY 2005 House Labor- HHS -Education Appropriations bill and it would allow a broad range of health-care companies to refuse to comply with federal, state, and local laws and regulations pertaining to abortion services. Should this provision become law, federal, state, or local government may no longer require any institutional or individual health-care provider to provide, pay for, or refer abortion services. This will mean that medical providers in hospitals and clinics across the country will likely be victims of demonstrations and intimidation as this provision allows that they be forbidden from providing abortion care to women who need it, and also to deny women referrals to another provider....The federal refusal clause is harmful to women and denies women access to reproductive health services. We ask that you oppose its inclusion in the FY 2005 Omnibus Appropriations bill." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 Conference Report-Continued. 21 October 2003. "Madam President, I rise today in support of the Roe v. Wade decision that was made by the Supreme Court over 30 years ago, and in opposition to the late term abortion conference report before the Senate. The Supreme Court's acknowledgement of the fundamental "right to privacy" in our Constitution gave every woman the right to decide what to do with her own body. Since that historic day, women all across the country and the world have had improved access to reproductive health care and services. However, Congress is on the brink of turning back the clock. Last month, my colleague from California, Senator Boxer, led a fight on the Senate floor to keep Senate passed language in support of Roe v. Wade in the late term abortion bill, S. 3. I was disheartened to hear that the conference committee stripped the Senate passed Roe v. Wade language. The Roe v. Wade decision is important to women's rights, women's health, and public health....I strongly support a woman's right to choose and have fought to improve women's health during the more than two decades I have served in Congress. Whether it is establishing offices of women's health, fighting for coverage of contraceptives, or requiring federal quality standards for mammography, I will continue the fight to improve women's health." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003-Continued. 11 March 2003. "Denying women access to the abortion that could save their life and physical health is unconscionable and unconstitutional. A pregnant woman facing the most dire circumstances must be able to count on her doctor to do what is medically necessary to protect her from serious physical harm. I want every woman who hears this debate to know: I am on your side. I will fight to protect your health." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Roe v. Wade. 17 September 2003. "Mr. President, I rise today in support of the Harkin/Boxer motion and the Roe v. Wade decision that was made by the Supreme Court over 30 years ago. The Supreme Court's acknowledgment of the fundamental "right to privacy" in our Constitution gave every woman the right to decide what to do with her own body. Since that historic day, women all across the country and the world have had improved access to reproductive health care and services. In March, the Senate passed a resolution supporting Roe v. Wade during the debate of the partial birth abortion bill. The resolution should be retained in the bill during conference. The Roe v. Wade decision is important to women's rights, women's health and public health." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Service Members Home Ownership Tax Act Of 2009. 7 December 2009. "Let's go to Nelson, which is a Senate version of Stupak. I reject the Ben Nelson amendment. I believe it is unnecessary. I believe it is unneeded. I believe it is uncalled for. It goes further than Hyde because it prohibits the public option from covering abortions and it prohibits individuals receiving Federal insurance subsidies from purchasing a plan that covers abortion and, even if you use your own money, it cannot be used for abortion." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Sens. Boxer, Clinton, Mikulski and Rep. DeGette Hold News Conference on Roe v. Wade. 22 January 2003. "For those who wonder are we pro-abortion: We are pro the health of women. We believe that abortion should be safe, legal and rare. And this is why we support Roe v. Wade." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 5 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Gulf of Mexico Security Act of 2006 - Continued. 1 August 2006. "We are now in the final days and hours of this session of Congress. One of the bills that is circling, waiting for a place to land is the pension bill. We now know the pension bill has been passed by the House, and it is waiting to be taken up in the Senate, but we don't know when it is going to be taken up. It all depends on what we do about the estate tax....The Republican leadership has decided that protecting a few zillionaires' estates after they die is more important than protecting pensions for retirees while they are still alive. Let's get our priorities straight. We are not only talking about the retirees who depend on us, we have workers right now in airlines who are wondering what is going to happen to them. What do you say to somebody who is working for an airline who might lose his pension? Think about that mechanic. Think about what he is concerned about." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Death Tax Repeal Permanency Act of 2005 - Motion to Proceed. 8 June 2006. " Madam President, today the Senate is considering whether to repeal the estate tax. I believe strongly there are problems with the estate tax. Most importantly, it needs to be reformed so it applies to fewer people. To ensure our Nation's economic competitiveness, government must reward thrift, hard work, and entrepreneurship. It cannot punish those who have saved and worked hard. Instead, we should support our small businesses and family farms--the engine of economic growth in America. To do this, Congress must raise the exemption for the estate tax. In 2006, estates worth more than $2 million are subject to the tax. This is too low and subjects too many Americans to the estate tax. That exemption needs to be raised. The baby boomers are growing older and approaching retirement, and many have attained some measure of economic prosperity through their years of hard work. They should not be punished for this well-deserved success. Tripling the exemption to $6 million will make sure that the estate tax continues to target an extremely small group of very wealthy Americans. In fact, with an exemption of $6 million per person, or $12 million per couple, less than 50 of all those who pass away in Maryland in 2006 will have to pay any estate taxes at all.... Today, Congress must act responsibly. We should not be repealing the estate tax. We should be reforming it so it affects fewer people, protects our small businesses, and so we can keep our Nation strong and secure." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the Club for Growth 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Financial Crisis. 1 October 2008. "So, yes, I have supported reform. Yes, I have supported going after the real crooks and the bad guys. Because not everybody in the mortgage market or in mortgage securities or in our financial matters is a crook. But we have to restore confidence. The way we will restore confidence is to vote for this rescue plan. It will deal with the credit crisis. If we do not deal with the credit crisis, I believe that Main Street economies will pay the bill, we will have to pay the bill for the bailout, and we will pay the bill once again in lost jobs, the ability to get a loan, and also with shrinking retirements and pensions. So, Madam President, I will vote for this bill. But I have heard the taxpayers loudly and clearly." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Economic Stimulus. 7 February 2008. "Our country is at risk. We are fighting a global war against terrorism. Our dollar is worth a box of Kleenex. We need an economic stimulus and an economic recovery package, and we are fooling around on motions to proceed and clotures and backward and forward, and so on. The American people wonder what are we doing. They believe that when all is said and done, more gets said than does get done. And guess what. Put me in the column with the American people....Everyone agrees we need to jump-start our economy, everyone agrees we need to do it now--everybody but the other side of the aisle who is sitting on their hands and sitting on parliamentary procedure and sitting on you know what. I think it is time they get up, and I call out to the people: Flood our phones, get them off this, and get this economy going." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Cardin, Mikulski and Kratovil Announce Federal Support for Maryland's Rural Businesses. 2 July 2010. "U.S. Senators Benjamin L. Cardin and Barbara A. Mikulski and Congressman Frank M. Kratovil (all D-MD) today announced economic development organizations located on Maryland's Eastern Shore will benefit from $120,000 in USDA Rural Development grants. The grants, awarded to organizations in Talbot, Caroline and Wicomico counties, will allow them to assist their downtown businesses and create local jobs. Three Eastern Shore organizations received grants of $40,000 each....'This is about jobs, jobs, jobs. These are family businesses and small businesses in Maryland. If the business suffers, the whole community suffers,' Senator Mikulski said. 'These grants provide the recipients money to grow their businesses, bringing jobs to Maryland's Eastern Shore.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Letter to Majority Leader Reid and Chairman Baucus. 17 September 2010. "As you continue your efforts to bolster the economy and create jobs, we ask that you include a one-year extension of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Emergency Contingency Fund in any upcoming legislative packages. We further request $2.5 billion to ensure the TANF Emergency Contingency Fund is adequately funded through fiscal year 2011; the original $5 billion appropriated for 2009 and 2010 is nearly exhausted. As you know, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) created a new Emergency Contingency Fund under the TANF block grant. States have used this fund to create subsidized jobs in the private and public sectors. By the time it expires at the end of September, the fund will have created approximately 250,000 jobs for low-income individuals (parents and older youth) who would otherwise be unemployed. States are also using this fund to provide basic cash assistance and short-term benefits to increasing numbers of poor families with children as unemployment remains high and more workers exhaust their unemployment benefits. The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund is set to expire on September 30, 2010 and states are in the process of eliminating their employment programs and considering reductions in assistance for very poor families. As states continue to struggle with the recession, we believe the extension of the TANF Emergency Contingency Fund would create jobs in the near term and stimulate the economy. At least thirty-six states (including the District of Columbia) have received approval to receive TANF Emergency Funds for new or expanded subsidized employment programs. And the number of unemployed parents and older youth in subsidized jobs would grow even more substantially if states had an additional year to operate the program." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Making Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Economic Recovery for The Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 2008--Motion to Proceed. 26 September 2008. "I am supporting the Reid-Byrd stimulus bill for three reasons. First, it provides a safety net for families. Second, the bill creates jobs in America with infrastructure investments. Third, it fights price gouging and fraud?.The stimulus makes important investments in America's physical infrastructure, which will create jobs. Specifically, it provides: $8 billion to build and repair bridges and highways; $2 billion for mass transit systems, including important work to improve and expand bus, subway, and light-rail services; and $350 million for AMTRAK to help repair tracks and tunnels. These transportation infrastructure investments will create 384,000 jobs. The bill also provides $600 million for water and sewer grants to fix aging sewer systems; helps take burden off ratepayers and protects public health and the environment. These investments will create 24,000 jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Statement on Recovery Act Jobs Report. 30 October 2009. "The Recovery Act was always about jobs, jobs, jobs. When President Obama took office, he inherited a terrible mess: an economy on the brink of collapse, shedding an average of 700,000 jobs a month, frozen credit markets, banks refusing to lend to students and small businesses. Working together, we took bold steps to turn it around. We wanted to create jobs for people who'd lost them and help those who had jobs keep them. Just eight months into the Recovery Act, we have tangible evidence we're doing just that -- creating and saving job across America. By investing in our physical and social infrastructure we've helped distressed families, kept businesses from closing their doors, put Marylanders to work and created new jobs across the country." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Statement of Senator Barbara Mikulski on Economy and Need to Extend Unemployment Benefits. 7 January 2003. "Extending UI not only helps those who are hardest hit by bad economic times, it also helps turn the economy around. A good economic stimulus puts money in the hands of the people who will spend it. That is precisely what the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act does. Workers who have lost their jobs because of September 11th or the economic downturn will spend this money. They will spend it on necessities, like rent and food, to keep the economy going. This bill will inject $7.25 billion into the economy as an immediate stimulus. I believe this will do more to help the people and stimulate the economy than the across the board tax cuts for the wealthy." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Milkulski. Senator Mikulski Statement on Senate Passage of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. 10 February 2009. "We have inherited a terrible mess. But the Senate has taken a major step forward to turn the country around by passing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. By standing with President Obama, we stand up for America to create jobs for people who have lost them and to help those who have jobs, keep them. This is about jobs, jobs, jobs. Through the rough and tumble of the legislative process, the Senate found a sensible center. This bill balances spending on the public investments and targeted tax credits that create jobs without exacerbating the federal deficit. I'm so heartened that my automobile amendment is included in this bill. It makes interest payments on car loans and state sales or excise car tax deductible for new cars purchased between November 12, 2008 and December 31, 2009. It helps consumers. It helps save jobs in the automobile industry: from the salesman who sells the car, to the manufacturers who make it, to the mechanic who fixes it, and office managers who process the paperwork. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act creates jobs by investing in our infrastructure. It fixes aging physical infrastructure like roads, bridges, and water systems. It makes major investments in education so that families and local school districts can help special needs children. It invests in the techno infrastructure like broadband to expand small businesses. It provides a social safety net through unemployment insurance and Medicaid that help distressed families. And it has targeted tax breaks to help families and small businesses. This bill is a victory for America. This bill stimulates the economy today and lays the groundwork for a stronger economy tomorrow." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Stimulus Package. 19 November 2008. "I say: Pass this stimulus package. Thanks to the leader, my auto provision is part of it. We need to talk about saving 3 million jobs in the automobile industry. We need to talk about how to help the American people." &keyword=Stimulus+Package&phrase=&contain= (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Outlines Proposals to Give Families a Boost in Economic Stimulus Package. 30 January 2008. "'The federal government cannot focus on bailing out the sharks - I want to focus on the minnows. The stimulus needs to focus on Main Street, not Wall Street. I'm here to help families,' said Senator Mikulski. 'The stimulus package must be timely and targeted to help struggling Americans meet their day-to-day needs.'" &keyword=Boost+in+Economic+Stimulus+Package&phrase=&contain= (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Barbara Mikulski. CNN Larry King Live - Transcript. 21 June 2006. "First of all, I think we can be proud of the women here that fought the privatization of Social Security. This was one more of those presidential gimmicks that we were able to stop because, you know, you need a guaranteed benefit, not a guaranteed gamble. And when you're old, you need to be able to rely on Social Security. He wanted to send it to the stock market. We say nobody who's old should have to rely on the bull of political promises or a bear market." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Checklist for Change. 28 June 2006. "Honoring your father and your mother is not only a good commandment to live by, it is a very good policy by which to govern. That is why we the Democratic women of the Senate fought to stop the privatization of Social Security, and we were successful. Now we stand sentry on the Senate floor to make sure Social Security is never ever privatized. We believe that Social Security should be a guaranteed benefit, not a guaranteed gamble. We want to make sure Social Security is reliable, undeniable, and inflation proof." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Democratic Women Of The Senate Unite Against Privatization Of Social Security. 3 February 2005. "'I am absolutely, emphatically and irrevocably opposed to the privatization of Social Security,' said Senator Mikulski, the senior woman in the United States Senate. 'It will hurt millions of American women. It will devastate American families. And it will ultimately have a dire impact on our economy. Women and families need to know that they can rely on a guaranteed, inflation-proof and lifelong benefit. They need a guaranteed benefit - not a guaranteed gamble.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Democratic Women Senators Fight Social Security Privatization. 3 March 2005. "Senator Barbara A. Mikulski (D-MD) today was joined by her Democratic women Senate colleagues to unveil a report highlighting the negative impact President Bush's Social Security privatization plan will have on America - especially women. The Senators also heard women tell their stories of the difference Social Security has made in their lives. The witnesses included two young women who received survivor benefits, a widow who raised two young children, and a woman relying on Social Security in her retirement. 'Americans deserve a guaranteed benefit, not a guaranteed gamble,' said Senator Mikulski. 'Today we heard the stories of women who needed Social Security to be their lifeline. We need to fight to keep the ‘security' in ‘social security' so that women and families get the help they need, when they need it. I am so proud that the Democratic women of the Senate are united for a guaranteed, lifetime, inflation-proof benefit.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Holds Social Security Discussion With Young People At Baltimore Neighborhood Pizza Parlor. 23 March 2005. "Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) today met with a group of young professionals and students at Matthews Pizza in Highlandtown to talk about Social Security and why the Bush Privatization plan is a bad deal for Americans. 'I am absolutely, emphatically, irrevocably opposed to privatization of Social Security,' said Senator Mikulski. 'I am going to fight to keep ‘security' in Social Security, because Americans deserve a guaranteed benefit, not a guaranteed gamble. When you get old or when you get sick, when your spouse passes away, when a parent dies, there are not many things you can count on. You should be able to count on Social Security.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Meets With Prince George's County Mocha Moms. 5 May 2005. "Senator Mikulski spoke to the Mocha Moms about her fight to protect Social Security from privatization, emphasizing the negative effects this could have on parents that leave the workplace to stay home with their children. 'I am absolutely, emphatically, irrevocably opposed to privatization of Social Security,' said Senator Mikulski. 'Whether a mother is at home raising children, or in the workplace, Social Security must remain a guaranteed benefit, not a guaranteed gamble. I am going to fight to keep 'security' in Social Security.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Responds to President Bush on Social Security. 23 June 2005. "The President came to Maryland today in a last ditch effort to save his misguided plan to privatize Social Security. I have heard from Marylanders - and I know that they see the President's visit for what it is - scare tactics and political rhetoric. I am listening to Marylanders and Democrats are listening to Americans. Americans are clear: they do not want the guaranteed benefit of Social Security turned into a guaranteed gamble. The President is not listening and that's why he won't take private accounts off the table. Democrats stand united to work for a solvent and strong future for Social Security. I am committed to working for a guaranteed, lifetime, inflation-proof benefit. The President's proposed "fix" will make things worse for those young people he spoke to this morning. I believe that American's security should never have to depend on the bear of the market or the bull of political promises. I am going to fight to keep the security in Social Security." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Senator Mikulski's Response To State Of The Union Address. 2 February 2005. "I disagree with Bush on fundamental principles, especially his plans to privatize social security. I think he is creating a phony crisis to ship money to Wall Street. I believe that Social Security should be a guaranteed, lifetime, inflation-proof benefit. Social security is supposed to be a guaranteed benefit not a guaranteed gamble. Women would be disproportionately affected by the privatization of social security. It is one of the most important safety nets for American women in old age, or in times of disability, to insure financial income for their families." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Social Security. 3 February 2005. "Now let me repeat why privatization is bad for America. Privatization will replace the security of a guaranteed check for a guaranteed gamble. Privatization will eliminate the dependability and predictability of seniors income. Privatization will not be inflation protected so year after year seniors incomes will go down. Privatization will eliminate guaranteed survivor benefits for widows. Our seniors would have to give all this up for the hope that every single one of them will successfully invest in the stock market. We know how unpredictable and brutal the stock market can be. We cannot place the security of our senior citizens in the private market. They deserve better. They have been promised more. I am here to say we are going to live up to those promises. We are not going to go back to a time when elderly poverty was commonplace and accepted. We need to strengthen Social Security and improve it. How? By not playing politics, by not being ideological, by working together, by being bipartisan, and doing what is right for America. I am prepared to do that. Democrats are prepared to do that." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Statement Of Senator Mikulski On Social Security. 28 January 2005. "I am emphatically against the privatization of Social Security. It is going to hurt millions of American women, American families and ultimately the whole country. Women and working families need to know that they can rely on a guaranteed benefit. When you get old and when you are sick, there are not many things you can count on, but you should be able to count on Social Security. There are many reasons woman are particularly vulnerable to privatizing Social Security: they earn less their whole lives, they often work in jobs less likely to have a pension, they live longer and, when they retire, they get less." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Women's History Month. 6 March 2006. "Last year, I successfully fought to protect Social Security from privatization so that women and all people are guaranteed lifetime, inflation-proof Social Security. I truly believe that privatization of Social Security would have been a bad deal for women and would have increased poverty among them. Whether mothers are at home raising children or in the workplace, Social Security must remain a guaranteed benefit, not a guaranteed gamble. That is why I will continue to stand sentry to keep the `security' in Social Security." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Issue Position: Social Security. "Social Security provides a guaranteed retirement income, and disability and survivors insurance for millions of Americans. I strongly support Social Security's defined, inflation-proof retirement benefit and oppose any effort to privatize the program." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Democratic Women Of The Senate Unite Against Privatization Of Social Security. 3 February 2005. "I am absolutely, emphatically and irrevocably opposed to the privatization of Social Security," said Senator Mikulski, the senior woman in the United States Senate. "It will hurt millions of American women. It will devastate American families. And it will ultimately have a dire impact on our economy. Women and families need to know that they can rely on a guaranteed, inflation-proof and lifelong benefit. They need a guaranteed benefit, not a guaranteed gamble." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 80 percent in 2005-2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. S Amdt 1204 to S 1607. 103rd Congress. To provide for imposition of the penalty of life imprisonment without the possibility of release rather than imposition of the death penalty. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted NO on 17 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Barbara Mikulski. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 18 December 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 60 percent in 1999-2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. 2010. VOTE411.org: Online Voter Guide. Responded "It is primarily a state and local issue, I fight each year to increase funding for special education to ensure success in school and life. I have fought to make higher education more affordable by increasing student aid, creating a tuition tax credit and creating a national funding service program" to the question "What role should the federal government play in public education?" (onyourballot3.vote411.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Calls For More Support For Public Schools in Budget. 29 February 2008. "As the Budget Committee begins consideration of the fiscal year 2009 budget resolution, Senator Barbara A. Mikulski (D-Md.) today called for increased funds for Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act. In a letter to Budget Committee Chairman Kent Conrad (D-N.D.) and Ranking Member Judd Gregg (R-N.H.), Senator Mikulski joined a bipartisan group of her colleagues in urging them to double the investment in Title I over the next five years to address the lack of federal funding for our public schools. 'We must do all we can to make sure no child is left out or left behind,' said Senator Mikulski, a senior member of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee. 'I will continue to fight for funding in the federal checkbook to help Maryland schools get the resources, tools and training they need.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Issue Position: Education. "The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA) comes up for reauthorization this year and we must look closely at both the intent and the effect of the act. I agree with the original intent of NCLBA; every child should have the opportunity for a quality public education and our schools should be held accountable for teaching the skills our children need to succeed. But design flaws and insufficient funding leave much room for improvement as the Senate considers the reauthorization of the NCLBA. " (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Barbara Mikulski. S Amdt 4825 to S 3036. 110th Congress. In the nature of a substitute. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES for cloture on 6 June 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Bipartisan Senate Delegation Visits Global Warming's Front Lines. 30 July 2007. "Viewing the vast Greenland ice first hand underscored the magnitude of the potential consequences of unchecked global warming, since melting Greenland's ice would cause a 23-foot rise in sea levels worldwide. The economic and ecological impacts could be devastating for our country, and could trigger international consequences, from refugees to the food chain. For Maryland's economy, the impacts would be severe, since a significant portion of our state would be under water, affecting everything from our farms and beaches to the Digital Harbor. Action is necessary, and must start now. Sound solutions require sound science, adequately funded, and free from political interference and gag orders. It is up to Congress to make that happen." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Chairwoman Mikulski Continues Fight For Federal Investments In Science And Innovation In Federal Checkbook. 5 November 2009. "Chairwoman Mikulski, who criticized the last administration for its lack of commitment to reduce the effects of global warming, has included a significant federal investment in research and technology development that is critical to our understanding and prediction of changes in the Earth's climate and oceans in this year's spending bill. 'The world is facing a climate crisis and we have a responsibility to provide the tools and the resources our scientists need to address this issue,' Chairwoman Mikulski said. 'This is about the future of our country and our planet. Our future depends on the progress we make.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Issue Position: Transportation. "Access to good public transportation is important to our state's future economic development and prosperity. I am a strong proponent of public transportation because it is critical to reducing our dependence on foreign energy, to improving our environment and to reducing global warming." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Fights to Combat Global Warming as Vice President Gore Delivers UMBC Lecture. 8 May 2007. "As she prepares to attend his climate change lecture tonight at the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), Senator Barbara A. Mikulski (D-Md.) joined Vice President Al Gore in fighting to reduce greenhouse gas emissions nationwide. Senator Mikulski today lent her support to the Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act of 2007 (S. 309), which was introduced by Senators Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.). The bill sets targets, requirements and incentives for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to use to gradually reduce the United States' contributions to global warming. 'The world is facing a climate crisis and this bill gives us a roadmap to reduce greenhouse gases and improve our environment. We know people are nervous about global warming, and we know they are nervous about rising energy costs,' said Senator Mikulski. 'The Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act of 2007 draws on sound science to address the climate crisis and at the same time keeps America rolling. Each of us can make a difference, but together we can make change.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski: Nation Needs Stricter Fuel Efficiency Standards. 21 June 2007. "On the floor of the Senate today, Senator Barbara A. Mikulski (D-Md.) said the nation needs stricter fuel efficiency standards for automobiles in order to address the global warming crisis, America's reliance on foreign oil and skyrocketing gas prices?.'At the same time, we know there is a dangerous increase in the climate crisis that affects the life on our planet. It, too, is a national security issue because, make no mistake, the climate crisis will affect our food supply, will create a climate in which infectious disease will grow and natural disasters will increase. Now what can we do about it? How can we sign up to have a safer America, a safer planet? Well, I believe that the most sensible foundation of an energy plan must begin with conservation. We've got to make better use of what we've got in our homes, in our businesses, in our cars and in our airplanes. We also need incentives for new renewable energy and energy-efficient technologies that we use in our homes and our businesses. We need an increase in fuel efficiency standards for our vehicles on the road and our vehicles in the air.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Resolution of Disapproval of EPA Rule--Motion to Proceed. 10 June 2010. "Mr. President, I rise in opposition to the resolution of disapproval offered by Senator Murkowski. This resolution is a stunning departure from the science of climate change. It jeopardizes our ability to address a continuing threat to our national security and public health by overturning EPA's science-based finding that global warming pollution endangers the public health and welfare. The United States is making progress--in solar, wind and other alternative energy sources--job creators that will sustain our future. We are also making progress in reducing the harmful pollutants in our air which threaten future generations. But this resolution would not continue this progress--it would take us back by weakening the Clean Air Act, a proven tool in addressing air pollution. But what would taking away EPA's ability to protect the health and welfare of Americans from greenhouse gas pollution mean in our day to day lives? For the people of Maryland, who are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change because of the state's expansive coastline, it would mean our coasts would be eroded at an accelerated pace---many areas losing more than 260 acres a year. It would also mean steadily rising sea levels in Ocean City, which could lose billions of dollars in tourism. And, it would lead to a rise in asthma and lung disease rates, which already disproportionately hits our urban areas, like Baltimore. With these clear threats to our livelihoods, now is not the time to take a major tool out of the toolbox that could help combat the prevalence of greenhouse gases in our daily lives. This is politics as usual in a time where we need solutions....The U.S. Senate must make it clear how we will deal with the reality of climate change. Stripping the authority of the EPA to address the issue is not the way to make progress. Instead it is a serious and counterproductive step backwards. I urge my colleagues to join me in opposing this resolution." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Issue Position: Environment and Energy. "Global warming is a serious problem that immediately threatens Maryland's shore areas. I have cosponsored the Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act, S. 309 because it is critical that we develop policies that achieve energy independence and reverse global warming." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Senate Democratic Women Unveil Checklist for Change. 20 June 2008. "Senate Democratic Women for Change launched discuss their commitment to provide equal pay for working people, keep good jobs in America, fight global climate change, restore America's image around the world, and other crucial issues. During the coming months the senators will release videos and other content to communicate the challenges their constituents face all over America and what can done to help them. On Tuesday, Senators Barbara Mikulski (MD), Debbie Stabenow (MI), Blanche Lincoln, (AR), Patty Murray (WA), Dianne Feinstein (CA), Barbara Boxer (CA), Maria Cantwell (WA), Mary Landrieu (LA), Claire McCaskill (MO), and, Amy Klobuchar (MN) kicked off their effort to focus on not only the macro issues but the "macaroni-and-cheese" issues that confront America's families, small businesses, seniors, students, and veterans." http://votesmart.org/speech_detail.php?sc_id=390056&keyword=global+warming&phrase=&contain=. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988 and 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Barbara Mikulski a grade of F. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. HR 1025. 103rd Congress. To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 20 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. S Amdt 1152 to S Amdt 1151 to S 1607. 103rd Congress. To restrict the manufacture, transfer, and possession of certain semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 17 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. S Amdt 362 to S 254. 106th Congress. To regulate the sale of firearms at guns shows. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 20 May 1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. At the Request of Mr. Reid, the Following Statement Was Ordered to Be Printed in the Record. 27 July 2009. "I am also pleased that the Senate voted to reject the amendment proposed by Senator Thune to allow gun owners to carry concealed weapons across State lines without first getting a permit to do so from the State they are entering. The second amendment guarantees Americans the right to bear arms. However, each state must be able to make reasonable rules to protect residents and public safety officers, and this amendment would have made that impossible. It also would have undermined Congress's long-standing respect for State's rights to enact and enforce their own gun laws. It is no surprise that large city mayors and police chiefs all over the country opposed this amendment. I would have opposed it also, and I believe the Senate did the right thing in defeating the Thune amendment." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski to Remove Controversial Gun Tracing Restriction From CJS Spending Bill. 7 June 2007. "In order to more effectively fight violent crime, Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS) Appropriations Subcommittee Chairman Senator Barbara A. Mikulski (D-Md.) today said she will remove language, known as the "Tiahrt amendment" from this year's CJS spending bill. The amendment, originally authored by Congressman Todd Tiahrt (R-Kansas) in 2003, limits law enforcement from sharing gun tracing information and prevents it from being used in issuing warrants and prosecuting gun-related crimes." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Order of Business. 28 July 2005. "Mr. President, today I rise on behalf of my constituents to oppose the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act. It should be called the Special Interest Protection Act because it puts one industry's bottomline ahead of the families and victims of gun violence. It also slams closed the courthouse door to those seeking justice for victims of gun violence. Now, Congress is considering legislation that inflict further pain on families like those of the sniper victims. This legislation will literally slam the courthouse door on the families of gun violence victims and on all Americans who believe they were harmed by negligent actions related to guns. It gives gun dealers and manufacturers a free pass. And it will prevent families and survivors from holding irresponsible gun stores accountable, if they are negligent. It actually would prohibit families from going to court, from letting a jury of their peers decide if the gun store or manufacturer was negligent.... Now, there has been a lot of talk about language was added to S. 397 to protect this case or that case. The U.S. Congress should not be in the business of deciding which negligence actions should be allowed into a court. That is up to the courts to decide. That is what our civil justice system is all about. It gives these families the right to offer evidence to prove the gun shop was negligent. We need to reject this legislation and protect that right." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Service Members Home Ownership Tax Act Of 2009. 3 December 2009. "So many of the women and men of the Senate are here today to fight for change and to make sure we have universal access to health care. When we have universal access, it makes a difference in our lives, which means we have to have universal access to preventive and screening services." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Service Members Home Ownership Tax Act Of 2009. 7 December 2009. "First of all, I truly believe health care reform is the most important social justice vote we will cast in this decade. Why? Because we are talking about providing universal access to health care, which I believe is a basic human right and should be a fundamental American right. That is why health care reform is so important: To provide universal access to health care...." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Letter to The Honorable Edward Kennedy, Chairman, Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and The Honorable Max Baucus, Chairman, Senate Committee on Finance. 6 May 2009. "Five additional U.S. Senators announced their support for the inclusion of a public health insurance option in comprehensive health care reform. Sens. Daniel K. Akaka (D-HI), Barbara A. Mikulski (D-MD) Russ Feingold (D-WI), Benjamin L. Cardin (D-MD), and Claire McCaskill (D-MO) have joined 16 additional Senators in outlining how reform with a public health insurance option could lower health costs, improve quality of care, and ensure access in rural and other underserved areas." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. MSNBC Interview - Transcript. 18 June 2008. "Well, we women of the Senate have come together, whether we've supported Barack or supported Hillary to offer a Checklist For Change that focuses on helping American families and also keeping America safe. We're focusing on pay equity, equal pay for equal work, universal health care, jobs that stay in America and restoring our credibility overseas." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Attends White House Forum on Health Reform, Makes Statement on Health Reform. 5 March 2009. "'I strongly believe that ensuring quality throughout the health care system saves lives and saves money,' Senator Mikulski said. 'While we need to work toward providing universal access, my goal is health care that is sensible, achievable and affordable.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Statement on Senate Passage of the FY 2010 Budget Report. 29 April 2009. "My number one priority is the same as President Obama's. It's about jobs, jobs, jobs. The Budget Conference Report is another step forward in getting the economy rolling again. It helps with job today by advancing health care reform and energy independence. We can't fix the economy unless we create universal health care that families can afford and that businesses can afford." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Service Members Home Ownership Tax Act Of 2009. 1 December 2009. "We can't lose any more time. We need to provide universal access to health care to the American people and we need to make sure they have access to the screening and early preventive actions that will save lives." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Service Members Home Ownership Tax Act Of 2009. 24 December 2009. "Mr. President, today is a historic day. After decades of discussions and promises, we have taken a giant step forward in providing universal access to health care. I was proud to vote for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. It extends coverage to 31 million Americans who don't have health insurance now. Our bill is a step forward in achieving my four principles of health care reform: saving and strengthening Medicare; ending punitive insurance company practices that deny coverage based on preexisting health conditions, age and gender; providing universal access; and emphasizing quality, prevention and integrative health to save lives and save money." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Issue Position: Health Care. "As a nation, we must ensure that access to health insurance is a basic right for all by instituting a universal requirement for health insurance with the federal government providing options to individuals and assistance to those who cannot afford adequate coverage." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Attends White House Forum on Health Reform, Makes Statement on Health Reform. "I was so pleased to be with President Obama today to really launch a serious national effort to close the coverage gap in health care for all American people and to reform our delivery systems so we improve health outcomes in our own country....The approach must be multi-pronged. It must include universal access to health providers, a continuum of care in case management to help people comply with the doctor's orders, and very important lifestyle changes keep people well.'" (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 31 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 100 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. S Amdt 4087 to S 2611. 109th Congress. To modify the conditions under which aliens who are unlawfully present in the United States are granted legal status. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 23 May 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. 2010. Maryland Catholic Conference: 2010 Congressional Candidate Survey. Responded "AGREE" to the statement "Undocumented immigrants who have been living in the United States for a number of years and who do not have criminal records should be able to earn legal status by registering with the government, paying fines and back taxes, agreeing to learn English, and waiting their turn in line." (www.mdcathcon.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. 2010. VOTE411.org: Online Voter Guide. Responded "I believe that comprehensive immigration reform must protect our borders, protect American jobs and not penalize those who have played by the rules. It is important that we adopt a sensible approach to dealing with the illegal immigrants who are currently in the country" to the question "What changes, if any, do you support in regard to immigration policy?" (onyourballot3.vote411.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Change of Vote. 16 October 2007. "First, every single Senator here opposes illegal immigration. We oppose illegal immigration. This is why we voted for strong measures when border enforcement came up. This is why we advocated comprehensive immigration reform. We are opposed to illegal immigration. But we are where we are. Let's talk about why municipalities have said ``no'' to enforcing immigration laws. Many municipalities, cities, towns, say they cannot afford to be the Federal cop on the beat. They know that enforcing immigration law takes a tremendous amount of training and takes a tremendous amount of money, and they simply cannot put their resources into that. The second is they have the right to decide how they best want to fight crime. Many municipalities have chosen not to ask their local law enforcement to enforce immigration laws exactly because they want to fight crime. What they would say is, if we go in and we are INS officers or ICE officers by proxy, we will never find a witness, and victims in many instances will not come forward." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Says Immigration Bill is the Right Step Forward. 22 May 2006. "Senator Barbara A. Mikulski (D-Md.) today applauded the Senate's passage of comprehensive immigration legislation (S. 2611). The bill includes three top priorities for Senator Mikulski - an extension of her H2B temporary worker fix, reforms that will make it easier for military service members to become U.S. citizens, and an expansion of the U.S. Visa Waiver Program that includes Polish citizens. 'Everything in Washington does not need to be a political hot potato. This bill shows that together, we can do better. We have worked on a bipartisan basis to deliver comprehensive immigration reform,' said Senator Mikulski. 'I support this bill because it not only protects our borders with strong security and enforcement provisions, but it also protects American workers. It rewards those who play by the rules, while making sure immigrants are treated with dignity.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Securing America's Borders Act. 3 April 2006. "Mr. President, I say to the Senator from Virginia, when I was contacted, people didn't understand the program. When I clarified for them that this was not an amnesty program, that this was a guest worker program--and guest was the way they were treated; and like a guest, they went home when they were supposed to--and that it actually kept American jobs in this country, particularly the doors of business open, like the J.M. Clayton Company, they were relieved to hear about it. They were glad we had a Government program on immigration that actually worked. They saluted the ladies for their hard work and said: We are glad they obeyed the law, and all turbulence was settled." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2006. 25 May 2006. "Mr. President, there has been a lot of talk over the last 2 weeks about immigration and the need for immigration reform. I agree our immigration system is broken. We need to secure our borders, protect American jobs and make sure those immigrants in this country are treated with dignity. I rise today to talk about two provisions that I fought hard to include in the immigration bill. First, the H-2B visa program, which rewards those immigrants who play by the rules while protecting American jobs. And second, the Kendell Frederick Citizenship Act. This act rights a wrong and corrects a terrible injustice. It makes sure those who are not U.S. citizens but who are fighting to protect this country and have a green card can be a U.S. citizen quickly and easily." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Barbara Mikulski supported the interests of Peace Action West 63 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Issue Position: Supporting Our Troops. "Senator Mikulski is fighting for federal support of U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan: Demanding a clear plan to bring our troops home. Advocating for almost $500 million to buy advanced body armor and armored Humvees to protect troops in combat. Calling for a clear timetable of troop rotation and visits home, including airfare to their homes for servicemen on R&R." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Fights To Bring Troops Home, Improve Their Health Care in Emergency Spending Bill. 22 March 2007. "'Our troops who serve in Iraq and Afghanistan have my steadfast support. This means not only bringing them home as swiftly and safely as possible, but providing them with the resources, services and protection they need - in combat and after they come home needing care,' said Senator Mikulski. 'We have a sacred trust with those who risk their lives so that we may live in freedom. This bill helps us make good on our promises to the men and women of our Armed Forces.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Mikulski Says Enough is Enough with Rumsfeld. 6 September 2006. "I joined with all of my colleagues and I voted to give the President the power to use lethal force to pursue the terrorists and pursue the Taliban and take the fight to Afghanistan. And how pleased I was with the victory in Afghanistan and the way, then, that the Afghan people came together in their Loya Jurga to choose Mr. Karzai to be their leader and to lay the groundwork for a democratic Afghanistan. I thought we were going to make Afghanistan the jewel of the Middle East, where the Muslim community could flourish, a democratic community could emerge, and women would be able to exercise their rights. How joyful we were when those little girls were going to school the same way as the little boys. But it was not meant to be. Afghanistan did not get the backing and support it needed, and along the way there was the recommendation to go to war in Iraq." (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Statement Of Senator Mikulski On Passage Of Iraq-Afghanistan Supplemental. 11 May 2005. "I support our troops and their families. I am behind them 100%. They deserve our gratitude, not just with words, but with deeds. This emergency supplemental appropriations bill helps us do just that. The House and Senate have worked hard to respond to the President's request for additional funding to support our operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. We have provided more than $75 billion in defense-related spending, including vital support to our soldiers and their families....U.S. troops will stay in Iraq and Afghanistan long enough to ensure that those nations can defend themselves against chaos and terrorism. It is important that we provide training and equipment to prepare Iraqi and Afghan security forces to take over when American troops come home." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Barbara Mikulski. HR 3396. 103rd Congress. To define and protect the institution of marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: Barbara Mikulski voted YES on 10 September 1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Barbara Mikulski. Marriage Protection Amendment - Motion to Proceed. 7 June 2006. "Mr. President, today I will vote against cloture on the motion to proceed to the Marriage Protection Amendment. This amendment is unneeded and unnecessary. It is divisive and it is a distraction from what the Senate should be doing, which is making families stronger and safer. First, I will vote against this amendment because it is unnecessary. Congress has already spoken on the issue. There is a Federal law and a State law in Maryland that defines marriage as between a man and a woman. I supported the Federal law because it allows each State to determine for itself what is considered marriage under its own State law. And no law--not a Federal law, not a State law--can force a church, temple, mosque, or any religious institution to marry a same-sex couple. I am also opposing this amendment because I take amending the Constitution very seriously. In the entire history of the United States we have only amended the Constitution 17 times. Seventeen times in over 200 years--that's it. We have amended the Constitution to extend rights, not to restrict them. We have amended the Constitution to end slavery, to give women the right to vote, and to guarantee equal protection of the laws to all citizens. We have never used the Constitution as a weapon against a minority of the population, to condone discrimination, and we should not embark on that path today. It is wrong and it undermines the integrity of our Constitution.... Finally, I believe that we need to recognize the rights of gays and lesbians and their families. We should be focusing on helping to strengthen their families and all families. That is where we need to be putting our energy and devoting our attention, instead of on this divisive constitutional amendment." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xi) Other

I support Roe v. Wade

1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
a) AIDS programs
b) Arts funding
c) Education (K-12)
d) Environmental programs
e) Foreign aid
f) Housing projects
g) Job training programs
h) Law enforcement
i) Medicaid
j) Medicare
k) NASA
l) Student loan programs
m) Welfare
n) Other
o) Other
p) Other
2) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following defense-related categories. Select one number (level) only.
a) Armed Forces personnel training
b) CIA appropriations
c) Defense plant conversion
d) Development of new weapons
e) Military hardware
f) Military space shuttle missions
g) National Missile Defense Program
h) Pay for active duty personnel
i) Other
No3) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?
4) Indicate how you would apply the expected federal budget surplus.
Xa) Social Security
b) Medicare
c) Tax cuts
Xd) Federal debt reduction
e) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance reform.
a) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
Xb) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns.
Xc) Provide public funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xd) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xe) Strengthen and enforce legislation that encourages full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
Xf) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xg) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xh) Ban the unregulated campaign contributions known as soft money.
Xi) Pass legislation banning issue advocacy commercials by outside groups within 60 days of an election.
j) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making contributions to federal campaigns.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Expand funding for community policing programs.
Xf) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
g) Prosecute youths accused of a felony as adults.
Xh) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
i) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
j) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
d) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
Xe) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
f) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xg) Increase funding for border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
h) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the economy and employment.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
c) Reduce government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xd) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the minimum wage.
g) Pass legislation that encourages employers to offer their employees the options of flex-time scheduling, comp-time and unpaid leave to attend to their family responsibilities.
h) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide on-site child care.
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action and discrimination.
a) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs only if such programs do not include quotas.
c) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
d) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
e) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
Xf) The federal government should include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws.
Xg) Other

Fed govt should continue A.A. programs consistent w/ Adarand decision.

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
Xa) Support national standards and testing in reading and math.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly funded school.
e) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xf) Support creation of more charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit.
h) Support voluntary teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xi) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
Xj) Other
Undecided2) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to guarantee the right to religious expression and voluntary prayer in public places, including schools?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
a) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
Xb) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
c) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
Xd) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
Xe) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xf) Encourage development of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
h) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
j) Impose stricter national air quality standards.
k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change.
Xl) Strengthen the restrictions on clear-cutting on federal lands.
m) Other
Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.
Federala) Border security
Federalb) Civil rights enforcement
Localc) Education
d) Environmental cleanup
Statee) Job training
Localf) Law enforcement
g) Low-income housing
Federalh) Medicaid
Federali) Medicare
Statej) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Statek) Welfare
l) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Bosnia/former Yugoslavia.
a) The U.S. should lift the arms embargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina.
b) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina with a certain deadline for withdrawal.
c) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina without a certain deadline for withdrawal.
Xd) Other

U.S. should be engaged to avert disaster; allies must share burden.

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq through diplomatic means.
b) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted UN resolutions.
c) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
Xe) Other

I support sanctions/diplomacy in Iraq -- backed by threat of force.

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
a) The U.S. should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
b) The U.S. should contribute less funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
d) The U.S. should not commit military troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
e) The U.S. should withdraw from the UN completely.
Xf) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
g) Other
No4) Should the U.S. have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba?
No5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
Xa) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
Xg) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
h) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues in America.
a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
Xd) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education and natural medicines and remedies.
Xe) Support legislation to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xf) Allow small business owners, the self-employed and workers whose employers do not provide health insurance to have the same deductibility for health costs as corporations and large employers.
g) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
h) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
i) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
j) Classify nicotine as a drug and cigarettes as drug delivery devices, which should be regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration.
Xk) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. HUD housing, food stamps).
c) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service to reduce to six months the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance.
d) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
g) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
h) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States government.
i) Other
The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. On an attached page, in fifty words or less, explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.

In social work and policy, I have been driven by core moral values of family and community. That's why I work to protect Social Security and Medicare, and for safe streets and good schools. I support ethics laws and fight for campaign finance reforms that increase public information and accountability.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government.
c) Invest Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to finance the program in its current form.
Xe) Invest a portion of the budget surplus into the Social Security trust fund.
f) Increase the minimum age that determines when retirees are able to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
h) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
i) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on income above $68,400, which is currently exempt.
j) Other
1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Income Taxes:
a) Retiree income over $40,000
b) Family income less than $25,000
c) Family income $25-75,000
d) Family income $75-150,000
e) Family income over $150,000
Other Tax Issues:
f) Alcohol taxes
g) Capital gains taxes
h) Charitable deductions
i) Child tax credit
j) Cigarette taxes
k) Corporate income taxes
l) Earned Income Tax Credit
m) Estate taxes
n) Medical expense deductions
o) Mortgage deductions
p) Other
q) Other
No2) Do you support replacing the U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?
No4) Do you support instituting a national sales tax?
5) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?
7) Other

Support targeted use of tax credits to encourage R&D and higher ed., like HOPE scholorship

No1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
If you support term limits, how many terms should each serve?
Senator (# of 6 yr. terms)
Representatives (# of 2 yr. terms)
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries in the western hemisphere?
Yes3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
No7) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
Xa) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
Xb) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
c) Increase funds for housing assistance for welfare recipients who need housing to get or keep a job.
d) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
Xe) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through block grants.
f) Eliminate federal funds for welfare programs at the federal, state or local levels.
Xg) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
h) Convert government-funded low-income housing projects into private housing, managed and owned by the residents.
i) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
Xj) Other

I supported the '96 Welfare reform law; working to protect safety net for kids.

Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

1) Preserving the solvency of Social Security/Medicare by putting them on sound fiscal footing and maintaining the core value of "honor your mother and father;" 2) Maintaining a robust economy and making sure all Americans can take part by fighting for incentives for investment and growth; expanding access to education; and retaining, recycling, and recruiting jobs in Maryland; 3) Getting behind our kids and teachers with immunizations; Head Start; safe, drug-free schools; and top-notch technology.

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