Christopher 'Chris' J. Dodd's Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: Christopher 'Chris' J. Dodd
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Jackie Clegg; 2 Children: Grace, Christina
Birth Date: 05/27/1944
Birth Place: Willimantic, CT
Home City: East Haddam, CT
Religion: Catholic
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What is the Political Courage Test?

Presidential Election 2008 Political Courage Test

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Key

Candidate Answer
Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Unknown Answer
Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
g) Medicare, Medicaid, or federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.

I support Roe v. Wade. I have always believed that abortion should be safe, legal and rare. This is a decision that needs to be between a woman and her doctor. As President, I will never waver in defending a woman’s right to choose. I will also work to ensure that fewer women will be faced with such a decision in the first place.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.

1) Budget Priorities

a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
d) Education
e) Environment
f) FEMA
g) Homeland security
h) International aid
i) Law enforcement
j) Medical research
k) National parks
l) Public health services
m) Scientific research
n) Space exploration programs
o) Transportation and highway infrastructure
p) United Nations
q) Welfare
r) Other or expanded categories

Tax and budget policy should embrace four core principles. Responsibility – because no government or business can sustain itself if what it spends consistently surpasses what it takes in. Fairness – any society that expects to leave subsequent generations a future of opportunity and prosperity must commit itself to creating a vibrant middle class so that every family has the opportunity move up. Growth – so that America can continue to lead the world in innovation, job creation, and economic security. And pragmatism – because leading sometimes means being willing to think beyond your own ideology.

2) Defense Spending

a) Armed forces personnel training
b) Intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
e) National missile defense
f) Pay for active duty personnel
g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
h) Research and development of new weapons
i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

3) Taxes

Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per tax, you can use a number more than once.

Family Income Taxes

a) Less than $12,000
b) $12,001-$40,000
c) $40,001-$100,000
d) $100,001-$180,000
e) $180,001-$350,000
f) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes

a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline Taxes
f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits

a) Charitable contribution deduction
b) Child tax credit
c) Earned income tax credit
d) Medical expense deduction
e) Mortgage deduction
f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles

As President, I will offer a balanced budget that ensures opportunity for all Americans. I will also support tax cuts that benefit the middle class and repeal the Bush Administration tax cuts for the extremely wealthy. Finally, I will support tax policies that stimulate growth such as the permanent extension of the Research and Development tax credit.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
c) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
d) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
e) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
f) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
g) Support limiting the President’s use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
h) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
i) Other or expanded principles

I’ve long been a supporter of tough campaign finance reform measures and believe we ought to have public financing of elections to diminish even the appearance of conflicts-of-interest. This will help to ensure that candidates are chosen because they are best for the job, not by how much money they can spend on television.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
g) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
h) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
i) Other or expanded principles

Throughout my career in the Senate, I have worked to reduce crime in this country. I voted in support of the landmark 1994 Crime Bill, which included the authorization of $30.2 billion over six years to hire police officers, build prisons, and help communities prevent crime. In 1993, I cosponsored the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program, part of President Clinton’s plan to add 100,000 new police officers to the streets of America. And in 1999, I cosponsored an amendment that would have extended the COPS program by authorizing $1.15 billion annually between 2001 and 2005.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-kindergarten programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for k-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for k-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles

My education plan starts with universal pre-k for our children. It provides $25 billion for the building of new schools and the modernizing of existing facilities. It provides incentives for experienced teachers to teach in high-need schools. And it provides for every 9th grader to have a personal graduation plan.

It makes funds available for schools wishing to extend the school day to increase student learning opportunities. And through my Virtual Learning Innovation Fund, it offers public schools a chance to supplement their current course load with advanced or specialized courses on-line.

Besides fully funding No Child Left Behind, I....

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Other or expanded principles

I will use the all the resources of the Office of the President to obtain passage of the Employee Free Choice Act, of which I was an original co-sponsor. I will also appoint a Secretary of Labor that values unions and cares about American workers. Additionally, I will sign an Executive Order the first week I'm in office to overturn the anti-labor actions of the current Administration – I will do all that is within my power to do without legislative action.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
g) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

My plan will reduce 80 percent of greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, enhance national security by eliminating our dependence on Middle East oil by 2015 and strengthen our economy by creating jobs.

I support a Corporate Carbon Tax which would generate nearly $50 billion a year in revenue. I will invest this money in research and development of energy efficient technologies to create new jobs in the sustainable energy sector. I will also fund consumer rebates to help make hybrid cars and appliances more affordable to middle class families. Additionally, I will use the funds to help create a technical....

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Require a license to carry a concealed gun.
c) Require a license to possess a gun.
d) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement or other government officials.
e) Require gun owners to store guns in a safe or lockbox, or to have them disabled with a trigger lock.
f) Allow individuals to carry guns on college campuses.

On (g) and (h), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.

g) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
h) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
i) Other or expanded principles

I am a very strong supporter of gun safety. This does not mean taking guns away from law-abiding citizens who purchase their guns legally, but making sure that people who should not have guns don’t have them, and can’t get one. I support renewing the Assault Weapons Ban, banning cop-killing bullets and ensuring anyone who buys a gun makes available their mental health records. These are things we should all agree are commonsense.

I was an original cosponsor of the Brady Bill, creating a five-business-day waiting period before purchasing a handgun and establishing a national instant criminal background check system....

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.

a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
e) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
h) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
i) Other or expanded principles

As President I will create a universal health care system by the end of my first term. My system will provide universal, affordable coverage to every American regardless of job status, ability to pay and previous medical conditions. Based on and parallel to the Federal Employees Health Benefits Plan (FEHBP), Universal HealthMart will provide a number of plans to choose from. No one will be forced to join and coverage will be portable.

Under the Dodd plan, premium costs will go down due to leveraged negotiating power, reduced administrative costs, and incentives for technology and preventive care. Emphases on chronic....

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program.
d) Support harsher financial punishments for employers who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

I strongly believe in the pressing need for comprehensive immigration reform that is tough, fair and practical.

Though America must continue to be a welcoming country, particularly in a post-9/11 environment, we must also find ways to secure our borders. As President, I will work to prevent undocumented immigrants from entering our country. I will impose tough penalties, such as hefty fines, against businesses that break the law and hire undocumented workers. I know that we need laws that secure our borders and strengthen the path toward legal status for the millions of workers already here, including requiring them to....

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.

a) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
b) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.

a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
d) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
e) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.
h) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to suspend its nuclear program?
i) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
k) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
l) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
m) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
n) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
o) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
p) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
q) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
b) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
c) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
d) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles

I believe that organized labor must have a stronger voice in the negotiation of trade agreements. As President, I will work with labor to ensure that new agreements will include labor and environmental standards, holding overseas companies to the same rigorous standards we hold American companies to at home. I will then use the International Labor Organization to enforce the standards set forth in any new trade agreement.

I will appoint a United States Trade Representative, a Secretary of Commerce and a Treasury Secretary who will enforce current rules and adopt new rules that end tax preferences that subsidize our....

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
b) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
d) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
f) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
g) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
h) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles

Diplomacy would be a critical part of a Dodd Administration, not an afterthought. I have long worked to bring people together, resolving conflicts in Latin America and Northern Ireland as a member of the Senate. I know what it takes to get the job done and restore America’s standing in the world.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
b) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
c) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
d) Should sexual orientation be included in federal anti-discrimination laws?
e) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
f) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
g) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
h) Do you support affirmative action in public college admissions?
i) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
j) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
k) Other or expanded principles

I don’t support a constitutional amendment dictating the definition of marriage. This constitutional amendment has no place in our founding document, because it runs counter to our most sacred constitutional traditions.

I support affirmative action. Providing equal educational opportunity to every American is essential to our democracy.

I’m a strong supporter of civil unions. All Americans should have equal rights regardless of their age, income, or sexual orientation.

I also support legislation to prosecute hate crimes and end racial profiling. I’ve opposed judges nominated by the Bush Administration who’ve demonstrated opposition to civil rights, and was a cosponsor of the....

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles

As President, I will insist on responsible pay-as-you-go budgeting that protects Social Security’s guarantee and will oppose efforts to privatize it. I will fix the lax federal oversight protections that weaken pension protections. I will facilitate retirement savings through creation of a Universal 401K available to every American worker. This low-cost, easy to access pension plan will act as a supplement to Social Security upon retirement.

I’ll maintain America’s commitment to Medicare and work to strengthen it by ensuring that visits to the doctor and prescription drugs are affordable. I’ll allow Medicare to negotiate for lower prescription drugs and eliminate....

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 200 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

1. End the War in Iraq and Restore American Leadership in the World. We must overturn the damage done by the current Administration by ending the war in Iraq, which I would do through a phased withdrawal ending on April 30, 2008. In addition, I would restore the Constitution by restoring habeas corpus and requiring America to live up to the Geneva Conventions.

2. Stand Up for the Middle Class. I will support the middle class by extending affordable, quality health care and a world-class education to every American. In a nation as prosperous as ours, no one should be without quality healthcare. In order to compete in the world, our country must develop the most educated workforce in history by extending access to quality education to all Americans.

3. End our Dependence on Oil. Ending our reliance on oil from the Middle East will both increase national security and help reverse the effects of global warming. My Corporate Carbon Tax would generate about $50 billion a year in revenue. By reinvesting that money in research and development of energy efficient technologies, we can create new jobs in the sustainable energy sector.