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John McCain III's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. Senate (AZ) - Sr, Republican
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
John McCain III refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape;" "e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered;" "f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion;" "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted YES on 21 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. S Amdt 3330 to S Amdt 3325 to HR 3043. 110th Congress. To prohibit the provision of funds to grantees who perform abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted YES on 18 October 2007. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Discusses his Qualifications for President, the NH Primary, and the Abortion Issue. 30 January 2000. "Because I think that these are careful balances that you have to make. And by the way, that also happens to be Henry Hyde's amendment, the wording of Henry Hyde's amendment, who is the leading pro-life advocate in the Congress of the United States. We have to make careful decisions here. These are all moral problems that we have to work out for ourselves. The life of the mother, obviously, is a human life, too. The gripping aspects of rape and incest are terrible situations and we have to kind of come to conclusions, taking into consideration the interests of all parties in this very difficult issue. I have come to the conclusion that the exceptions for rape, incest and the life of the mother are legitimate exceptions in this situation, but I don't claim to be a theologian. But I have my own moral beliefs and I hold those. And by the way, I do have a 17-year voting record that's pro-life. . . . I would like to see us ban partial-birth abortion, pass parental notification, parental consent and move forward in the areas that we can move forward in, including working with pro-life, pro-choice Americans on trying to make adoption easier, which is very difficult in America, trying to improve foster care, trying to move together in areas that we can agree on, rather than polarizing us as both ends of the spectrum have done. " (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Fox News 'On the Record with Greta Van Susteren"-Transcript. 7 March 2010. "And I'm very happy to see Congressman Stupak apparently being very firm on this. This really would be the first time since the Hyde Amendment many years ago that federal funding would be involved in performing of abortions. And most Americans I think resoundingly reject that. You know, it's interesting, Greta. America has become more and more pro-life over time, and part of that is that younger and younger -- or earlier newborns are be able to save -- be saved thanks to technology." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. National Review: The Full McCain. 6 March 2007. "Sen. McCain: Could I take a moment? Back 25-year now voting record of pro-life, whether it be federal funding for abortion, or whether it be, no matter what it be, I have many, many votes and it's been consistent. And I've got a consistent zero from NARAL throughout all of those years. I may have had some other policy differences with some people in the pro-life community, but my record is clear. And I think the important thing is you look at people's voting record because sometimes rhetoric can be a little ... misleading. Ponnuru: You started out your political career as a pro-lifer. Sen. McCain: Yes, absolutely. I campaigned in the first primary for Congress in 1982 as a pro-lifer and my voting record over all of those years, and there are many, many votes that are pro-life votes that I've taken. Never once has there been a non-pro-life vote." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Selected NO for: "4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 93 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Death Tax Repeal Permanency Act of 2005-Motion to Proceed. 8 June 2006. "Madam President, let me say from the outset that I do not support full repeal of the estate tax. I have consistently voted against repealing this tax because of the impact it would have on the deficit, as well as the possible chilling affect it could have on charitable giving in this country. Having said that, I do recognize the need for commonsense reform of the estate tax structure. However, due to our serious fiscal constraints, we must proceed very cautiously on this and all other federal tax and spending matters. In his 1906 State of the Union Address, President Theodore Roosevelt proposed the creation of a Federal inheritance tax. Roosevelt explained: 'The man of great wealth owes a peculiar obligation to the State because he derives special advantages from the mere existence of government.' Additionally, in a 1907 speech he said: 'Most great civilized countries have an income tax and an inheritance tax. In my judgement both should be part of our system of federal taxation.' He noted, however, that such taxation should 'be aimed merely at the inheritance or transmission in their entirety of those fortunes swollen beyond all healthy limits.' I agree with President Roosevelt, and I remain opposed to full repeal of the estate tax." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Floor Speech-Tax Relief. 5 August 1999. "We should also slash the death tax that prevents a father or a mother from leaving the hard-earned fruits of their labor to their children. There is absolutely no relief from the onerous death taxes in 2000. Estate tax reductions would be phased-in over a 9-year period until completely eliminated in 2009, but then this entire tax cut package would terminate and the death tax would be fully reinstated." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. John McCain's Weekly Radio Address. 12 July 2008. "In an economic downturn, the worst of all ideas is to raise taxes. And Senator Obama will do just that. If you are one of the 23 million small business owners who files as an individual rate payer, watch out -- because as your business grows, my opponent proposes to raise your taxes. If you have an investment for your child's education or own a mutual fund or a stock in a retirement plan, watch out -- because Senator Obama intends to nearly double the taxes on capital gains. He will raise estate taxes to 45 percent. I propose to cut them to 15 percent. For those of you with children, I will double the child deduction from $3,500 to $7,000 for every dependent, in every family in America." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of the Club for Growth 54 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted NO on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. John McCain Unveils Economic Stimulus Plan. 17 January 2008. "Today in Columbia, South Carolina, John McCain unveiled his plan to stimulate the American economy. McCain's plan will lower the corporate tax rate, allow expensing of equipment and technology investments and establish a permanent research and development tax credit. 'Now is the time to act to stimulate our economy,' said John McCain. 'I offer a genuinely conservative, pro-growth plan to provide much-needed stimulus to our economy, creating more prosperity and opportunity for American families. Unlike the Democrats' tired ideas of tax and spend, my plan will cut taxes, spur investment and innovation and make American business more competitive in the global marketplace.' Jack Kemp applauded John McCain's economic stimulus initiative, stating, 'John McCain's pro-growth stimulus plan is exactly what our economy needs today. As president, John McCain will provide principled leadership to ensure our economy remains the envy of the free world.'" (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. McCain, Coburn Release Oversight Report on Wasteful Stimulus Projects. 3 August 2010. "I'm doubtful, but the point is that the Obama Keynesian on steroids has not worked. The economic policies have failed. And we can argue about jobs created, jobs saved, but the fact is when they passed the stimulus package they said unemployment would be a maximum of 8 percent. It's now 9.6 percent. Enough said. We've got to start doing the right things, frankly, that some of our European friends like the conservative government in England is doing." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Fox News "On the Record with Greta Van Susteren"-Transcript. 7 March 2010. "Well, I didn't like it, again because we're not paying for these things. And Senator Bunning was much maligned, but he did have a very legitimate point that we keep passing these things, calling them emergencies and increasing the debt and generational theft that we're committing on future generations of Americans. So I think that it's very clear that the president and his economists' predictions of a high of 8 percent unemployment turned out to be totally false. So you can claim that the stimulus was a success, and of course, it created some jobs. You can't throw a trillion dollars at anything without creating some jobs. But the penalty that we are paying for this $1.1 trillion of debt we have added on I think is really something that the American people have grown to be extremely cynical about. And again, if 9.7 percent is good news, I sure hate to see what bad news is." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Recovery Rebates and Economic Stimulus for the American People Act of 2008. 7 February 2008. "Mr. McCAIN. Madam President, I want the record to be clear that I fully support swift enactment of an economic stimulus measure. Having spent the past weeks and months traveling across America, I have heard first-hand of the difficulties facing so many hardworking families. I am pleased that the majority and the minority have finally reached an agreement to allow us to improve the underlying bill to address the needs of seniors and disabled veterans, and to close a loophole in the bill concerning the distribution of rebates. Now, we will be able to pass this measure today. Clearly, we have much ahead of us to do and the American public is counting on us to fulfill the jobs that they sent us here to do. I, for one, have heard the voters. They want us to work together to stimulate and strengthen our economy and promote our Nation's long-term economic growth. Let's finally pass the economic stimulus plan and send it to the President. After all, time is of the essence if this effort is to be successful. The American public is waiting." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Stimulus Package. 13 February 2009. "Mr. President, today the Senate will pass a $789 billion bill, $1.1 trillion with interest added in--and we do, when we calculate the costs of these appropriations bills, count in the interest. It is the so-called stimulus bill, and it is under the guise of a bipartisan compromise. Let me reiterate what I have so often stated during the past 2 weeks: The Nation needs a stimulus bill. The Nation expects the Congress and the President to act in a truly bipartisan manner to address this crisis. But, unfortunately, this measure is not bipartisan. It contains much that is not stimulative and is nothing short--nothing short--of generational theft. At times of great challenge, history tells us our Nation will work collectively to remedy the problems we face. Working on this measure together was that opportunity. Republicans offered a good-faith alternative to the measure that is before us. Our alternative provided the American taxpayers with a stimulus bill devoid of porkbarrel projects and excessive spending programs that fail to create jobs. Our bill was not simply to advocate policies we could not otherwise pass; our bill, in fact, was a real stimulus proposal. Instead, partisan legislation was pushed through." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Fiscal Responsibility. "Every major spending bill, including the so-called stimulus bill, has been riddled with earmarks and wasteful spending. The stimulus bill, which cost the taxpayers over $1 trillion, was little more than a wish-list for every Democrat spending project, inexcusably passed under the guise of "economic recovery". [...] John McCain has taken the lead by proposing alternatives to such out of control disgraceful spending to the Stimulus, Omnibus, and budget, which took a more responsible approach by offering more promise of job creation in a struggling economy. Unfortunately, the approach embraced by Democrats in Congress and the Obama Administration was an agenda of profligate spending, poorly directed to creating jobs, while promising higher taxes on the American taxpayer in the future. At a time when our economy is struggling, John McCain believes it is unconscionable to threaten our economy with higher taxes to fund a spending binge that is riddled with special interests and corruption. John McCain has opposed higher taxes throughout his career, but he knows the only way to keep taxes low, is to keep spending low. The current Administration's agenda threatens higher taxes on Americans across all walks of life: middle class families, seniors, and small businesses who can't afford it and we need leaders in Congress like John McCain to continue the fight." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Our Economy and Jobs. "The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, was signed into law on February 17, 2009. Senator McCain voted against this legislation because he is concerned that it will do far too little to stimulate our economy, yet imposes one of the largest price tags any legislation has ever cost the American taxpayers. The stimulus plan is estimated to cost taxpayers $787 billion--or over $1.1 trillion once interest expenses are included, more than any government program in history after adjusting for inflation. Congress and the Administration had an opportunity to craft a bill that would have provided real relief to the American people in a time of great economic uncertainty. But once again, parochial, partisan, and special interests have taken precedence over the interests of the American people. Senator McCain offered a good-faith alternative to this plan, which received the support of all of his Republican colleagues. The proposal would have cost about half as much as the enacted measure, but would have provided the American taxpayers with a stimulus bill devoid of wasteful and excessive spending on programs that fail to create jobs. This plan included targeted, fiscally responsible provisions to invest in our nation's infrastructure, stabilize the housing market, and reduce taxes on individuals and businesses. Additionally, this alternative would have put in place long-term mechanisms to help us control future spending and balance our budget. Unfortunately, the amendment failed on a party-line vote." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • John McCain. ABC "This Week With George Stephanopoulos"-Transcript. 27 July 2008. "MR. STEPHANOPOULOS: Social Security. You're a longtime supporter of the private accounts, as President Bush called for them. SEN. MCCAIN: I am a supporter of sitting down together and putting everything on the table and coming up with an answer. So there is nothing I would take off the table. There was nothing I would demand. I think that's the way that Ronald Reagan and Tip O'Neill did it. And that's what we have to do again. MR. STEPHANOPOULOS: In the past, you said it was essential and you told the "Wall Street Journal" -- SEN. MCCAIN: No. I have said and will say -- I will say that everything has to be on the table if we're going to reach a bipartisan agreement. I've been in bipartisan negotiations before. I know how you reach a conclusion. We all have to sit down together with everything on the table." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. CNBC-Post-Debate Interview. 9 October 2007. "Sure Larry, I think everything has got to be on the table. I applaud President Bush's efforts after the 2004 election. He said, look, come and sit down with me, the Democrats said you have to have tax increases on the table we got a little sidetracked on personal savings accounts, which I strongly support. I think [personal savings accounts are] one of the major ways we're going to allow people to realize real retirement benefits. But I really believe you have to have everything on the table, but I'm opposed to tax increases, I don't think you have to do it. I think you can get a study headed by Greenspan or one of those people, and implement it and you have to shame the Democrats ... they wouldn't sit down with us ... to say come and sit with us at the table and we'll fix this -- it's going broke. ... I go around the country with one chart: how much money is coming in, how much is going out. When there's more going out than coming in and there's no money left, and ask the American people if that is what they wanted to do to the next generation of Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. FNC Fox News Sunday-Transcript. 27 September 2005. " Well, I hope not. I think the president has indicated that he would be flexible. But the fundamental issue of personal savings account - look, that renowned conservative country Sweden has a personal savings account. So does Chile. Look, this is a way - this is what our grandfathers would have advised us to do, try to take some of our money and invest it ourselves, not in something like Enron but in, like we do with federal employees and members of Congress, in one of five different groups. It's a good thing to do. Interest compounds. And I think it's an important thing that we should continue to support." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. McCain Discusses Social Security. 2 June 1999. "We must certainly have an informed national debate on the appropriate amount available for such personal investment. Credible experts have put forth a number of plans that merit our close scrutiny. But some level of personal investment choice is the only way we can meet our Social Security obligations . . . The fact is that personal choice in investing social security dollars would most dramatically benefit lower and middle-income Americans. As we all know, much of America's wealth has been generated not by earned income but from investment income. That is the case historically, not just during episodic spikes in the stock market." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Medicare and Social Security. " No problem is in more need of attention and action by Congress than the looming financial challenges of entitlement programs. John McCain will fight to save the future of Social Security, and he believes that we may meet our obligations to the retirees of today and the future without raising taxes, which could further damage an already weak economy. John McCain will continue his efforts to reach across the aisle to address these challenges." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes."
  • John McCain. S Amdt 1204 to S 1607. 103rd Congress. To provide for imposition of the penalty of life imprisonment without the possibility of release rather than imposition of the death penalty. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted NO on 17 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Senator McCain supported the interests of the Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants 29 percent in 2005-2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. South Carolina Republican Debate. 15 February 2000. "Oh, I think that the new technology of DNA would, I think, provoke a review, clearly, of cases that may be questionable, but I certainly wouldn't abandon the death penalty. But if there is evidence that maybe there is some controversy where a DNA, with this new technology, could help authenticate the fact that the person was guilty of the crime committed, there's nothing wrong with that. But I think it's important that we recognize that the death penalty is an appropriate punishment for some crimes." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 40 percent in 1999-2 (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted YES on 18 December 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Education-Strengthening America's Schools. 16 July 2008. "John McCain Will Build On The Lessons Of No Child Left Behind (NCLB). There should be an emphasis on standards and accountability. However, our goal cannot be group averages. Instead, our focus should be to inspire every child to strive to reach his or her potential. While NCLB has been invaluable in providing a clear picture of which schools and students are struggling, it is only the beginning of education reform." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Education. "No Child Left Behind has focused our attention on the realities of how students perform against a common standard. John McCain believes that we can no longer accept low standards for some students and high standards for others. In this age of honest reporting, we finally see what is happening to students who were previously invisible. While that is progress all its own, it compels us to seek and find solutions to the dismal facts before us." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. CNN Larry King Live-Transcript (2). 3 November 2005. "Again, I've seen many examples of -- well, Senator Kennedy and President Bush worked together on the No Child Left Behind Act. The No Child Left Behind Act may have some flaws associated with it, but I still view it as a major milestone in trying to improve education in this country." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Educating America's Children for Tomorrow (ED-ACT). 18 March 1999. "We must have higher learning expectations for our children, but we cannot and should not have these standards controlled at the national level. States and local communities must control the development, implementation and assessment of academic standards. This bill would prohibit federal funds from being used to develop or implement national education tests. National tests and standards only result in new bureaucracies, depriving parents of the opportunity to manage the education of their children." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Education. "Parents ask only for safe schools, competent teachers and diplomas that open doors of opportunity. When a public school fails, repeatedly, to meet these minimal objectives, parents ask only for a choice in the education of their children. No entrenched bureaucracy or union should deny parents that choice and children that opportunity. [...]" (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act;" "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act;" "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles;" "i) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution;" "j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel;" "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of Environment America 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Remarks by McCain on Energy Security and Safeguarding our Environment. 24 June 2008. "To dramatically reduce carbon emissions, I have proposed a new system of cap-and-trade that over time will change the dynamic of our energy economy. We will cap emissions according to specific goals, measuring progress by reference to past carbon emissions. By the year 2012, we will seek a return to 2005 levels of emission, by 2020, a return to 1990 levels, and so on until we have achieved at least a reduction of sixty percent below 1990 levels by the year 2050. In this way, we will transition into a low carbon energy future while staying on a course of economic growth. The purpose of this plan is to give American businesses new incentives and rewards to seek, instead of just giving new taxes to pay and new orders to follow. My strategy gives people time to adapt, instead of causing a jolt to your electricity bill and widespread shutdowns of tradition coal-fired plants. For the market to do more, government must do more by opening new paths of invention and ingenuity. So I have proposed a permanent research and development tax credit, to open the door to a new generation of environmental entrepreneurs. I am committed to investing two billion dollars every year for the next 15 years on clean coal technologies -- to unlock the potential of America's oldest and most abundant resource. And we will issue a Clean Car Challenge to automakers, in the form of a tax credit to the American people: For every automaker who can sell a zero-emissions or very close to zero-emissions car, we will commit up to a 5,000 dollar tax credit to each and every customer who buys that car. In the quest for alternatives to oil, our government has thrown around enough money subsidizing special interests and excusing failure. From now on, we will encourage heroic efforts in engineering, and we will reward the grea test success." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Portsmouth Herald - McCain to Hold Forum on Climate Change. 5 December 2007. "He has separated himself from his Republican rivals by stating his desire to move quickly on global warming initiatives -- and has personally traveled to both the Arctic and Antarctic regions to see the impact of climate change on the polar ice caps in the past three years." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. The Associated Press-McCain Promises Leadership On Climate Change. 23 September 2008. "'I support a market-based cap-and-trade system aimed at reducing carbon emissions, and I will work with Australia and other nations to establish a global framework that encourages China and India to join us in becoming part of the solution to man-made climate change,' he added. Australia and the United States were the only industrialized countries to refuse to adopt carbon emission reduction targets set by the United Nations at a climate conference in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Remarks by John McCain on Climate Change Policy. 5 December 2008. "Today I'd like to focus on just one of those challenges, and among environmental dangers it is surely the most serious of all. Whether we call it "climate change" or "global warming," in the end we're all left with the same set of facts. The facts of global warming demand our urgent attention, especially in Washington. Good stewardship, prudence, and simple commonsense demand that we to act meet the challenge, and act quickly." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Climate Change. 19 March 2009. "Let me say to my colleagues, I am proud of my record on climate change. I have been all over the world, and I have seen climate change. I know it is real, and I will be glad to continue this debate with my colleagues and people who do not agree with that. I believe climate change is real. I believe with what we did in addressing acid rain, which was through a cap-and-trade kind of dynamic, we were able to largely eliminate the problem of acid rain in America. So it has been done before, and we can do it again, admittedly on a much smaller scale. . . . So what we need to do is take up separately the issue of climate change legislation. It would have a gradual implementation schedule. It would allow for the economy to adapt while we meet our environmental goals. The policy must aggressively promote nonemitting green energy technologies, such as nuclear power, hydro, and others. We should pursue a hybrid approach of auctioning a portion of credits while reserving a large portion of the credits that we could allocate to those who need the most help, complying with the emission reductions. Revenues should be used to promote new technologies, help low-income people with the increased costs of electricity, and pay down the debt--not expand the Federal Government." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Agricultural Policies. "John McCain Supports a 21st Century Green Revolution. Growing better crops using less land, water and natural resources requires a robust scientific research agenda. As president, John McCain will direct the USDA to carry out a comprehensive research approach to help develop more drought resistant higher yield crops and increase production per acre. This will not only be critical to addressing our worldwide food needs but also necessary to combat global warming. He also will promote conservation programs that encourage maximum environmental stewardship on America's farmlands, vital to assisting farmers in the protection of wildlife and rivers." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Stewards of Our Nation's Rich Natural Heritage. "Climate change is the single greatest environmental challenge of our time. The facts of global warming demand our urgent attention, especially in Washington. Not only does our dependence on foreign oil bring about sizable national security risks but the preponderance of scientific evidence points to the warming of our climate from the burning of fossil fuels. We can no longer deny our responsibility to lead the world in reducing our carbon emissions." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. MSNBC The Situation-Transcript. 20 June 2005. "Somehow, it's not putting the Europeans at a disadvantage. In fact, they're finding that it works and it encourages development of technologies which reduce greenhouse gas emissions. And they are providing cleaner air for their people. And it's also a source of great friction between our European friends and the United States. And for us to do nothing, which is what we're doing now, or buy into some proposal such as the alternate proposal, which is over time maybe reduce the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, I like to look my grandchildren in the eye. I'm telling you, climate change is real. We have not done enough about it. We need to act. Our proposal is a market-based one on cap and trade. The one that everybody is pushing as an alternative is a government-mandated program, which I strongly oppose as a conservative." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns;" "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns;" "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns;" "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows;" "j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims."
  • John McCain. S Amdt 1067 to S Amdt 1058 to HR 627. 111th Congress. To protect innocent Americans from violent crime in national parks and refuges. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted YES on 12 May 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. S Amdt 362 to S 254. 106th Congress. To regulate the sale of firearms at guns shows. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted NO on 20 May 1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John McCain a grade of C-. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. HR 1025. 103rd Congress. To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted NO on 20 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. S Amdt 1152 to S Amdt 1151 to S 1607. 103rd Congress. To restrict the manufacture, transfer, and possession of certain semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted NO on 17 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Protecting Second Amendment Rights. "John McCain believes that the right of law abiding citizens to keep and bear arms is a fundamental, individual Constitutional right that we have a sacred duty to protect. We have a responsibility to ensure that criminals who violate the law are prosecuted to the fullest, rather than restricting the rights of law abiding citizens. Gun control is a proven failure in fighting crime. Law abiding citizens should not be asked to give up their rights because of criminals - criminals who ignore gun control laws anyway." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Letter to Harry Reid, Senate Majority Leader, Re: Speedy Passage of Second Amendment Rights Legislation. 17 September 2008. "Dear Leader Reid: On June 26, 2008, the Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling affirming the Second Amendment right to bear arms as an individual and constitutionally protected right. In DC v. Heller, the court affirmed that the District of Columbia's ban on ownership of handguns was an unconstitutional restriction on that right. The majority held "that the District's ban on handgun possession in the home violates the Second Amendment, as does its prohibition against rendering any lawful firearm in the home operable for the purpose of immediate self-defense." For more than thirty years, the District of Columbia has subjected residents to the most prohibitive gun control laws of any city in the nation, requiring rifles and shotguns to be registered, stored unloaded, and either locked or disassembled. Despite the Court's ruling in June, the District of Columbia city council has continued to exact onerous and unconstitutional firearm regulations on law-abiding residents." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Senators McCain And Tester Team up To Secure Gun Rights. 27 April 2010. "Some may ask why a Senator from Arizona and a Senator from Montana would introduce legislation that impacts the District of Columbia. It's simple -- we believe that residents across this country should be able to exercise their constitutional right to have access firearms to protect themselves. I hope my colleagues will join me in supporting this important legislation that will not only restore District residents' rights, but also ensure that no resident in any state, territory or the District is prevented from exercising his or her Second Amendment right." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 1988-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Based on lifetime voting records on gun issues and the results of a questionnaire sent to all candidates from 1988-2008, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence assigned Senator McCain a grade of 17 percent." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts;" "g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare;" "j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid."
  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 14 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. 2008 Presidential Debate, Obama vs. McCain. Sep 26 2008. "I want to make sure that we're not handing the health care system over to the federal government which is basically what would ultimately happen with Obama's health care plan. I want the families to make the decisions between themselves and their doctors, not the federal government." (www.ontheissues.org)
  • John McCain. Fox News "Hannity"-Transcript. 27 October 2009. "What he'd like to do is to get people to agree to proceed to the bill, not vote to close off debate. And then he only needs a little over 50 votes. But you want to call it consumer option, you want to call it banana option, it's still a government takeover of the health care system in America." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. John McCain on Health Care. 11 October 2007. "I offer a genuinely conservative vision for health care reform, which preserves the most essential value of American lives - freedom. Conservatives believe in the pursuit of personal, political and economic freedom for everyone. We believe that free people may voluntarily unite, but cannot be compelled to do so, and that the limited government that results best protects our individual freedom. In health care, we believe in enhancing the freedom of individuals to receive necessary and desired care. We do not believe in coercion and the use of state power to mandate care, coverage or costs." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Health Care Reform. 8 September 2009. "We must reform health care. We can't do it with a government solution that is advocated by the other side. That is why we have been unable to reach agreement--because we have two fundamental philosophical differences between ourselves and those who want to have a government option, who want to have greater and greater intervention in the health care system." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. FOX News "Hannity"-Transcript. 27 August 2009. "And we need to fix it and we can do this through free-market incentives and other changes that we can make. We can do that but the answer is not a government-run health care system. And the public option isn't the right word. Government option." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. CBS "Face the Nation"-Transcript. 25 October 2009. "BOB SCHIEFFER: Could you support health reform that included a public option? SENATOR JOHN MCCAIN: Not any-- not any proposal that I have seen. I think that a fundamental difference we have is whether we think government does a good job at administering health care in America or providing health insurance for the American people. I don't think they do." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Health Care. 8 July 2009. "One of the issues I think we ought to continue to understand is one of the key elements of this debate is whether we will have the so-called government option. I know the Senator from Tennessee is going to talk about that. I think it is important for us to look overseas at other countries that are highly industrialized, highly sophisticated, strong economies, countries that have government-run health care. To say the government option would be just another competitor clearly is not the case; otherwise, we would just have 1,501 new insurance companies in America. If you had the government option, it will lead to a government takeover of health care, and we ought to look at what other countries do. I am sure the Senator from Tennessee knows this, but it is health care rationing and a level of health care that will not be acceptable in the United States of America. I say that with great respect to our friends in Canada, the British, and other countries that have government-run health care systems. I think that is going to be one of the two major issues: the government-run health care and the employee mandate. Those are what this health care debate will come down to." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Health Care Reform. "The Administration and their Democrat allies in Congress continue to advance an ever more liberal domestic agenda. It is essential that conservatives adhere to principles of smaller government and individual choice over intrusive government and federal control. This disparity in ideals is no more evident in the public policy debate than in health care. [...] Like most Americans, John McCain believes our health care system is in need of reform. But the right reforms protect our American freedoms rather than creating new government controls and harness the market forces that are the hallmark of our economy: competition and choice. He believes you will know these reforms have succeeded when Americans can access affordable, quality health care coverage that meets their needs, not controlled by the federal government or only available if their employer happens to be able to provide it. As our nation turns to a more focused debate on reforming health care, John McCain will strive to ensure that we preserve the best of our health care system but reform those aspects of our policies most in need of improvement. He will work with members of both parties to secure access to affordable care to all Americans, without turning to a federal government designed and controlled system that will lead to rationing of care, stifling of innovation, and further compounding of our fiscal challenges." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arizona Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers;" "d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps)."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 44 percent (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 30 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. S Amdt 4087 to S 2611. 109th Congress. To modify the conditions under which aliens who are unlawfully present in the United States are granted legal status. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted NO on 23 May 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Border Security and Immigration. McCain wants to "Assure that the remaining undocumented immigrants learn English, pay back taxes and fines, and pass a citizenship course as part of a path to legal status." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Fox News "On the Record with Greta Van Susteren"-Transcript. "Here's the problem, and I'll try to be brief. In the 1980s under President Reagan we gave amnesty to two million people here in this country illegally and promised to secure the borders. We didn't secure the borders. In the 90s we promised to secure the borders, we didn't. And now here we are in 2010 many saying we have to have comprehensive immigration reform. We can't do that until we have the border secure. Otherwise we are like a hamster on a wheel, because once you address in a comprehensive fashion, if millions more are coming in illegally you have to start all over again. That's why the emphasis has to be on border security. Then address the rest of the issue." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Fox News Channel "The O'Reilly Factor"-Transcript. 8 May 2008. "Obviously, I don't approve and would oppose sanctuary cities. But again, it's a larger problem, and that is our failure to carry out a federal responsibility to enact immigration reform. That means securing our borders first, a temporary worker program which we need that's associated with tamperproof biometric documents. Anyone who doesn't have that gets prosecuted." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Illegal Immigration. 22 June 2010. "It was made very clear to me in the conversation we had--and I am sure our 39 other colleagues who were there will recall--that the President basically conditioned his support for border security to overall comprehensive immigration reform. We went back and forth. I tried to explain to the President that we gave amnesty back in the 1980s. Somewhere around 3 million illegal immigrants were given amnesty, but the promise was that we would secure the border. Obviously, we didn't secure the border and we now have 12 million people in the country. . . .[T]he President of the United States said yes, he would secure the border, but we had to have ``comprehensive immigration reform.'' This is the difference between our position and that of the President. We say secure the border, have the Governors of the border States certify it is secure, and then we can certainly move on. But the American people have to have the assurance that we are not going to revisit this issue time after time. Every nation has the obligation to secure its borders." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Border Security and Immigration. "The program will also ensure that all undocumented aliens either leave or follow the path to legal residence. America cannot permit a permanent category of individuals that do not have recognized status - a permanent second class." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: Homeland Security. "John McCain does not support amnesty and believes that we should not reward lawbreakers. Any measure designed to fix the broken immigration system must deal with the undocumented population, and as we all know, this is very difficult challenge that attracts a wide range of diverse views and opinions. We need a practical solution for dealing with undocumented immigrants currently living and working in our country and that solution must be carried out in a manner that fosters the social, economic, and security interest of the United States." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. John McCain supported the interests of Peace Action West 20 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Op-Ed: Only Decisive Force Can Prevail In Afghanistan. 14 September 2009. "We are confident that not only is it winnable, but that we have no choice. We must prevail in Afghanistan." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. ABC News "This Week with George Stephanoupolos"-Transcript. 4 July 2010. "But what I worry about more than anything else is the -- the July of 2011 firm date, which the president has not -- certainly has not been positive as far as our commitment is concerned. In other words, we need a conditions-based situation, not a date for withdrawal. A statement like, "We're not going to turn out the lights in the middle of 2011," is indecipherable and certainly sounds an uncertain trumpet. So I'm more concerned about the perception of our friends and our enemies, as well as the people in Afghanistan, as to the depth of our commitment. Our commitment must be: We will succeed, and then we will withdraw." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. CNN "CNN Newsroom"-Transcript. 29 June 2010. "But Afghanistan is not a lost cause. Afghans do not want the Taliban back. They are good fighters, and they want a government that works for them and works well. And for those who think the Karzai government is not an adequate partner, I would remind them that in 2007 the Maliki government in Iraq was not only corrupt, it was collapsed and complicit in sectarian violence. A weak and compromised local partner is to be expected in counterinsurgency. That's why there's an insurgency. The challenge is to support and push our partners to perform better. That's what we're doing in Iraq and that's what we can do in Afghanistan if -- if we make it clear that as long as success is possible, we will stay in Afghanistan to achieve it as we did with Iraq. Not that we will start to withdraw no matter what in July of 2011." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Fox News "Fox News Sunday"-Transcript. 12 September 2010. "No, it does not. You cannot tell the enemy you're going to leave and expect the enemy to not -- and expect to succeed. I mean, that's just a fundamental of warfare. No military person advised the president to set 2011. He did it for political reasons, to take care of his left base. And no matter what the secretary of defense or anybody else says, the president again reiterated last Tuesday night that we would be leaving. And that is sending the wrong signals. And people in the region, both friends and enemies, are accommodating to that situation. The president needs to say we will be leaving on conditions-based only. And then we will be able to succeed. We will not without the president's saying that, because it's for pure political reasons why he said it. And that is playing with American lives in a way that I think is absolutely unacceptable." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Op-Ed: The Surge and Afghanistan. 31 August 2010. "President Obama was right to call success in Afghanistan a "vital national security interest" in his West Point speech last December. But that interest does not become any less vital in July 2011. The president needs to state unequivocally that the conduct of the war, including decisions about troop strength, will be based on conditions on the ground. Furthermore, U.S. withdrawals should follow from a definition of success in Afghanistan that is broadly analogous to the success now emerging in Iraq--a country that is increasingly able to defend and govern itself. We can succeed in Afghanistan, but we need to give this policy the necessary time to work. That's the best and fastest way for our troops to come home, as they are now from Iraq." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Op-Ed: Why We Can - And Must - Win The War In Afghanistan. 28 October 2009. "Though no veteran would ever think of himself as 'pro-war,' I believe that the fight in Afghanistan is critical to our national security. Our goals there are achievable and success is worth the continued sacrifice. We must succeed in Afghanistan for many reasons, but one stands above all: the world walked away from Afghanistan once, and it descended into a cauldron of violence, hatred and human rights atrocities that served as the base for the worst terrorist attack in history against our homeland." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. PBS "The Newshour"-Transcript. 29 June 2010. "What our friends and enemies in Afghanistan and the region need to hear is that the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Afghanistan will be determined solely by conditions on the ground. If the president would say that success in Afghanistan is our only withdrawal plan, whether we reach it before July 2011 or afterwards, he would make the war more winnable and hasten the day when our troops can come home with honor, which is what we all want." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Senate Armed Services Committee Opening Statement By Senator John McCain. 2 December 2009. "Let me first reiterate, as I said yesterday, that I think President Obama has made the right decision to embrace a counterinsurgency strategy for Afghanistan and to resource it properly. I would have much preferred that General McChrystal receive the entire force he had requested. But I have spoken with our military and civilian leaders, and I think the 30,000 additional U.S. troops that the President has called for -- plus greater force commitments from our allies -- will enable us to reverse the momentum of the insurgency and create the conditions for success in Afghanistan. I support the President's decision, and I think it deserves the support of all Americans, both Republicans and Democrats." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Issue Position: National Security. "America faces a bright future in the 21st century, but many foreign challenges threaten our prosperity and security in the coming decades. From the persistent threat of violence by belligerent dictators to the terror sewn by radical Islamic extremism, America needs experienced leadership to confront these myriad challenges. John McCain has been a leader on national security issues for decades, and his judgment in the Senate will be essential as the new administration addresses the national security priorities of our nation. When America's mission in Iraq was most imperiled, John McCain remained committed to achieving success in one of the defining national security challenges of our time. While many declared the mission lost, John McCain fought to change the flawed strategy that was allowing America's gains in the region to falter. John McCain helped change America's approach to the war by outlining a new strategy for our efforts in Iraq, implemented by new leadership, including General David Petraeus. The result has been a new climate of security and opportunity for the Iraqi people. While great progress has taken place since the "surge" strategy was implemented, John McCain will fight to ensure we do not squander the success that has been so hard won by America's troops. He will continue to work with the administration to ensure our goal to transition security operations to the Iraqi people in a safe manner, and to allow our American troops to return home in victory and with honor. Afghanistan served as the cradle for the most devastating attack on American soil in our long history. John McCain has long sought to strengthen our efforts to ensure that Afghanistan never serves as a safe haven for terror again. John McCain has advocated for a sustained commitment to success in Afghanistan with additional resources and a comprehensive counterinsurgency strategy. He will continue to work with the Administration to guide our nation's recommitment to win the peace in Afghanistan. John McCain knows that our new strategy will demand close cooperation with our Pakistani partners, and that we must remain committed to assisting them in their own struggles with the forces of violent Islamic extremism that threaten their legitimate government." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John McCain. HR 3396. 103rd Congress. To define and protect the institution of marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: John McCain voted YES on 10 September 1996. (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Discusses a Range of Issues. 12 December 1999. "SNOW: On gay rights, do you oppose same-sex marriages? MCCAIN: Yes, I do." (votesmart.org)
  • John McCain. Marriage Protection Amendment--Motion to Proceed--Continued. 6 June 2006. "Mr. President, I believe that the institution of marriage can serve its public purposes only when it is understood as being a union between one man and one woman. It is this understanding that offers public reinforcement to the vital and unique roles played by mothers and fathers in the raising of their children. It is this understanding that offers a foundation for principled objections to those who would pursue the imprudent agenda of dismantling an institution that has served us well, and replacing it with newer and more flexible understandings that are of questionable public value." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xf) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
Xg) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Slightly Increased) Education
Maintain Statuse) Environment
Slightly Increasef) Homeland security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Slightly Increasei) Medical research
Slightly Increasej) National parks
Maintain Statusk) Public health services
Maintain Statusl) Scientific research
Slightly Decreasem) Space exploration programs
Maintain Statusn) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Statuso) Welfare
Eliminatep) Other or expanded categories

Pork barrel projects

Defense Spending
Slightly Increasea) Armed Forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Slightly Increasec) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Slightly Increasee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
Eliminatej) Other or expanded categories

Defense pork barrel projects

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Greatly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Greatly Decreasec) $75,000-$150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Retiree Income
Greatly Decreasef) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
a) Alcohol taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Slightly Decreasee) Gasoline taxes
Greatly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Maintain Statusf) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles

Eliminate the marriage penalty

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
Xf) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Undecidedi) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
Yesk) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

I support the concept of the presidential election campaign fund, but I believe it ought to be reformed so that candidates use it in primaries

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xg) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xj) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
Xl) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xm) Other or expanded principles

I support at-risk youth programs that are properly authorized & appropriated, not pork barrel projects; very young children should not be prosecuted as adults

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
Xa) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
Xa) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
Xe) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
Xf) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xl) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xg) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xj) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xk) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
Xm) Other or expanded principles

I supported Healthy Forests legislation encouraging thinning in areas where communities exist near forests.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
Xj) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xe) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xf) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xg) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
Xi) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xj) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
Xd) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

I support comprehensive immigration reform allowing willing employers & employees to connect, while protecting American jobs & securing our borders

International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Noc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

1st we need to dispense the funds that have already been authorized & appropriated, next we need to work w/ the international community to financially support the reconstruction effort. Finally, we need to be prepared to spend what it takes to assure success. It is too important not to fail

e) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles

All options should be on the table w/ regard to N. Korea, but all opportunities should be exhausted before military force is used

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles

While implementing reforms, our nation should participate in U.N. peacekeeping operations when defense of our national interests and values calls for such action, provided the U.S. maintains operational control of our forces.

No4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
Yes5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Yes5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
No6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Noc) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yesf) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Pre-emptive strikes should be evaluated on a case by case basis depending on the severity of the threat

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
Xi) Other or expanded principles

Reasonable regulations should be enacted to protect individual privacy on & off line. Consistant regulation of pornography, fradulent activity, etc... should exist on & off line

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xd) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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