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Debbie Stabenow's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. Senate (MI) - Jr, Democratic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Debbie Stabenow refused to tell citizens where she stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2012, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Debbie Stabenow. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Debbie Stabenow a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 3927. 108th Congress. Military Abortion Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 06/21/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Did Not Vote on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 3896. 110th Congress. Prohibiting the Funds in S 1200 from Being Used for Abortions. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 02/26/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S 3. 108th Congress. Prohibit Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion bill. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 10/21/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Debbie Stabenow in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 244. 109th Congress. Unintended Pregnancy Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 03/17/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
No Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Letter to The Honorable Barack Obama, President of the United States. 15 June 2011. "We write to express our strong support for a shift in strategy and the beginning of a sizable and sustained reduction of U.S. military forces in Afghanistan, beginning in July 2011. In 2001 the United States rightfully and successfully intervened in Afghanistan with the goals of destroying al Qaeda's safe haven, removing the Taliban government that sheltered al Qaeda, and pursuing those who planned the September 11 attacks on the United States. Those original goals have been largely met and today, as CIA Director Leon Panetta noted last June, 'I think at most, we're looking at maybe 50 to 100, maybe less' al Qaeda members remaining in Afghanistan." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of Peace Action West 79 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Peace Action 79 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 4204. 112th Congress. Requiring Afghanistan Troop Redeployment Plan and Timetable. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 05/27/2010. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 01/22/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 4818. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 05/22/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 2206. 110th Congress. Emergency Departmental Supplemental Appropriations Bill of 2007. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 05/24/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 08/01/2002. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Tax cuts middle class families"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Tax cuts small business"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "We need to greatly simplify the tax code"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Tax cuts middle class families"
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 80 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S AMDT 2610. 109th Congress. Tax Rate Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 11/17/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 7 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Letter to The Honorable Mitch McConnell, Minority Leader United States Senate. October 19, 2010. "As you also know, Congress will soon be debating the extension of the Bush tax cuts and whether or not we should be providing $700 billion in tax breaks over the next ten years to the top two percent of income earners. We should note that the estimated $13 billion cost of emergency relief this year to our seniors is only a fraction of the $70 billion in average annual tax breaks over the next decade that would go to the wealthiest two percent of Americans if all of these tax breaks are extended. We hope that you will agree with us that it is far more important to provide $250 in emergency relief to senior citizens and disabled veterans than it is to provide an average tax break of over $100,000 a year to taxpayers earning more than $1 million a year." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. MSNBC "Hardball with Chris Matthews" - Transcript. November 29 2010. "I'm certainly not one that believes that we should extend an economic policy of extra tax cuts for millionaires and billionaires that hasn't created jobs for 10 years. You know, Chris, if that policy had created jobs, I would be all for it. But we have lost hundreds of thousands jobs in Michigan under a policy for 10 years of giving tax cuts to the very rich and hoping it trickled down--that trickles down to everybody else. I mean, we want and I strongly support tax cuts for the middle class, for small businesses, helping people who are out of work when there"s five people looking for every one job that"s available." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "We need to greatly simplify the tax code"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Tax cuts small business"
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 10/01/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 4 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Levin, Stabenow Announce Subcommittee Approval of Additional Funding for FRIB. 24 April 2012. "Michigan Sens. Carl Levin and Debbie Stabenow announced Tuesday that the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water approved a spending bill for Fiscal Year 2013 that includes $30 million for the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams at Michigan State University, a substantial increase from the administration's budget request. Construction of the facility would create approximately 5,000 construction jobs in Michigan, with 400 permanent jobs at the facility after completion." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Stabenow Secures Funding for Green Collar Jobs Initiative in Economic Recovery Package. January 27 2009. "Creating good-paying, middle-class American jobs must begin with a real investment in the domestic production of advanced batteries, and other alternative energy technologies. I am pleased that this recovery package does just that by helping to fund provisions in my Green Collar Jobs Initiative, which will lay the foundation for a 21st century manufacturing agenda, strengthen global competitiveness, and reduce our dependence on foreign energy." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Reid, Stabenow, Menendez Join Renewable Energy Advocates to Discuss Democrats' Plan to Create Jobs and Reduce Our Dependence on Oil. July 28 2010. "This bill will help protect our environment and invest in the development of alternative energy jobs and technology. The Clean Energy Jobs and Oil Accountability Act is an important step to reduce American dependence on oil and lower energy costs through programs like Home Star. It will also hold BP responsible for the devastation it has caused in the Gulf region. I am committed to passing this legislation because it will create good-paying clean energy jobs and lead the way for more comprehensive energy reforms." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Rebuild America Jobs Act. 1 November 2011. "The Rebuild America Jobs Act will provide desperately needed repair funds and will provide the seed money for a national infrastructure bank that will attract private sector capital to help fund a broad range of new investments. This is such an important idea to be able to provide seed money, to be able to track the private sector, private capital, to be able to invest, to be able to leverage the dollars that American taxpayers put in and be able to address all our roads and bridges and other infrastructure needs in a way that creates jobs [¦] Simply put, the Rebuild America Jobs Act will fix our crumbling infrastructure, put hundreds of thousands of people back to work at the same time. It will not add a dime to our deficit, and the American people support it [¦] This is about jobs. We are talking about the Rebuild America Jobs Act, putting people back to work, doing something that is incredibly important for our country and will grow the economy, create jobs, rebuild communities, and help our country move forward." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Detroit News: Op-Ed. 14 January 2011. "In June of 2009, we passed 'cash for clunkers,' which I was proud to author in the Senate. For weeks, I twisted arms in the Senate to convince my colleagues this would work. It did. 'Cash for clunkers' helped 700,000 cars fly off dealer lots, created 60,000 jobs as auto plants opened second shifts and then third shifts." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 3301. 112th Congress. Ending the Troubled Asset Relief Program. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 01/21/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Debbie Stabenow a rating of 1 percent." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S 3816. 112th Congress. Tax Law Amendments. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 09/28/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Issue Position: Creating Jobs and Growing Michigan's Economy - Standing up for Michigan Small Business. 1 January 2012. "The entrepreneurs and innovators behind our small businesses create most of the new jobs in America and need a strong advocate in their corner. When other politicians were fighting to bail out the big banks on Wall Street, Debbie voted no, and instead fought to make sure our small businesses on Main Street were not left behind. She championed the Small Business Jobs Act, which cut taxes for small businesses by $12 billion and increased their access to credit and capital so they can invest and create jobs. This year, she authored a new law that eliminated unnecessary 1099 regulations, cutting red tape for 820,000 small businesses in Michigan." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Michigan Awarded with $429 Million in Education Funding. 11 March 2012. "Michigan schools will receive hundreds of millions of dollars in new recovery stabilization funds, U.S. Sens. Debbie Stabenow and Carl Levin, both D-Mich., announced today. The $429,781,767 awarded by the U.S. Department of Education was made available by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to continue supporting educational programs across the state. 'This funding is vital to our state's education system during these difficult economic times,' said Stabenow. 'By keeping our teachers and school staff at work and our schools open, we can help ensure that Michigan children continue to receive an education' [¦] To qualify for this funding, the state had to provide data on education reform to the Department of Education, including on how educators are evaluated, to what extent the state tracks student performance and growth, and the extent to which underperforming schools are improving." (www.stabenow.senate.gov)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math." 1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education. Other or expanded principles: "Strengthen public education; provide technology in schools; smaller class sizes"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Video: Debbie Stabenow discusses BP spill and Canadian oil drilling in Great Lakes. 13 September 2010. "We've had a decade of hands-off on the industry, of pulling back. There have been two Inspector General reports now out where, in the previous administration, the folks that were regulating them let BP and other oil companies fill in the blanks. [¦] Those raise big questions, when the Inspector General “ independent folks “ take a look at this and it raises a lot of questions. And we need to make sure going forward that we have the right kind of oversight in the public interest. Who's out there in the public interest? Because, ultimately, fishermen are losing their jobs; you've got all of these small business people who are losing their industry, losing their jobs; beaches that are being destroyed. There's a public interest there." [4:38] (www.mlive.com)
  • David Veselenak. The Grand Rapids Press: Sen. Stabenow would like Canada to join U.S. in banning oil drilling in Great Lakes. 2 June 2010. "U.S. Sen. Debbie Stabenow told reporters Wednesday that she hopes the recent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico will bring about closer examinations of offshore drilling. 'I think at some point, serious red flags should have gone up' [¦] Stabenow said she still supports the independent oil fields operating in Michigan, but that the oil spill in the Gulf is just another reminder that Michigan should focus its efforts toward other forms of energy. 'The ability to use to focus on clean energy is a (big part) of our future, because we can make things,' she said." (www.mlive.com)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Stabenow Cosponsors Bipartisan Legislation to Crack Down on OPEC Price Fixing, Combat High Gas Prices. 14 June 2011. "Senator Stabenow has been a long-time advocate for measures to combat high gas prices and has traveled across the state calling for an end to taxpayer giveaways to oil companies to help pay down the deficit, increased domestic drilling, and the development of new clean energy technologies to give consumers more choices and increase market competition [¦] Stabenow has been a proponent of more domestic drilling. Earlier this year, she cosponsored "Use-it-or-lose-it" legislation to get oil companies to develop the 60 million acres of land they're currently holding but not using, in some cases just to keep their competitors from drilling there. Oil companies are drilling on less than 25% of federal lands they have leased." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Protecting our Great Lakes. 4 October 2012. "The first bill that Debbie Stabenow passed into law as a U.S. Senator was a ban on oil and gas drilling in the Great Lakes. The law was passed in a Republican Congress and signed by President Bush, and Senator Stabenow fought successfully to make the ban permanent in 2005." (www.stabenowforsenate.com)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century"Continued. 13 March 2012. "My friend from Kansas and I work together in the Agriculture Committee, and I appreciate the great bipartisan work we have been able to do. But I stand to strongly oppose this amendment. I believe that when it comes to energy, we should do it all. We need more domestic production of wind, solar, electric vehicles, advanced batteries [¦] We absolutely need to stop our addiction to foreign oil and create jobs here in America at the same time. Unfortunately, that is not what this amendment does. It includes the Hoeven language that we defeated earlier last week. We shouldn't be building a pipeline from Canada to China. If we build a pipeline, we should use the oil to lower gas prices for American families. It also includes dangerous requirements for drilling in the Arctic and in offshore locations without any safeguards." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Reid, Stabenow, Menendez Join Renewable Energy Advocates to Discuss Democrats' Plan to Create Jobs and Reduce Our Dependence on Oil. 28 July 2010. "'While the GOP stands in the way of a comprehensive energy package, we must move forward to create jobs and hold BP accountable,' said Senator Stabenow. 'This bill will help protect our environment and invest in the development of alternative energy jobs and technology. The Clean Energy Jobs and Oil Accountability Act is an important step to reduce American dependence on oil and lower energy costs through programs like Home Star. It will also hold BP responsible for the devastation it has caused in the Gulf region. I am committed to passing this legislation because it will create good-paying clean energy jobs and lead the way for more comprehensive energy reforms.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Letter to President George W. Bush, Re: Release Oil from Reserve. 31 July 2008. "We ask that you take immediate action to begin to implement this modernization of the Reserve by releasing 70 million barrels of light, sweet crude oil, about 10 percent of the current Reserve inventory. This would have an immediate effect on oil and gasoline prices, unlike proposals that would open new federal land and offshore areas for drilling, which would not add oil to the market for many years. At an appropriate time in the future, the Reserve should be replenished with lower-grade, heavy crude oil, in accordance with the GAO's recommendation. Market conditions are favorable for this exchange of light for heavy crude, as the current high price differential between these two crude types would allow the Department to generate considerable revenue." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S 953. 112th Congress. Offshore Production and Safety Act. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 05/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "All nations should participate in global climate change efforts, not just industrialized countries"
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S J Res 26. 112th Congress. Statement of Opposition to EPA Greenhouse Gas Rule. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 06/10/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. League of Conservation Voters endorsed Debbie Stabenow in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Debbie Stabenow in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Letter to The Honorable John Kerry, The Honorable Lindsey Graham, and The Honorable Joseph Lieberman. 15 April 2010. "Over the past several months we have been working to address one of the toughest challenges in the debate over comprehensive clean energy legislation--how to bolster manufacturing jobs and ensure the global competitiveness of American industry. The United States must not undertake a self-defeating effort that simply displaces greenhouse gas emissions rather than reducing them worldwide, while at the same time putting significant American jobs at risk." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. EPA Announcement Good News for Michigan Paper, Forest Products Industries. 13 January 2011. "Michigan paper and forest product companies investing in biomass energy received good news from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Senator Debbie Stabenow announced today. The EPA has excluded biomass emissions from greenhouse gas regulations for three years pending further scientific review. Senator Stabenow led the effort to exclude biomass from these regulations, which would have threatened biomass energy investments and clean-energy job growth in Michigan [¦] 'Investing in domestic, clean-energy sources such as biomass is critical to creating Michigan jobs. The EPA's decision to exclude our biomass industry from harmful regulations is welcome news.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Letter to President Obama. 22 June 2011. "2025. This issue, if handled in the wrong way, would have a negative effect on our economy, stalling our economic recovery, and would result in critical American job losses with no benefit to the environment. The Center for Automotive Research recently published a report, based on data from the National Academy of Sciences, which suggested that overly stringent standards would cost approximately 260,000 jobs and add $10,000 to the cost of a new vehicle. An unsound program would both negatively impact U.S. jobs and drive consumers to used car lots for vehicles that are less fuel efficient, which would be a loss to environmental progress." (votesmart.org)
  • Alex Nixon. Kalamazoo Gazette: Sen. Debbie Stabenow wants two-year delay on carbon dioxide limits. 31 March 2011. 'My amendment is a common-sense approach that allows protections from carbon pollution, determined by scientists and public health experts, to continue being developed while providing businesses the support and incentives they need as they reduce pollution, generate new clean energy technologies and create jobs,' Stabenow said in a written statement. [¦] While Upton and other federal lawmakers seek to permanently prevent the EPA from regulating greenhouse gases, Stabenow is seeking a compromise position that she says will give businesses time to adjust to regulations while also providing tax breaks for clean energy technology." (www.mlive.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 4070. 110th Congress. Prohibiting Funds in the Bill S 1200 from Being Used to Decrease Gun Ownership. Debbie Stabenow voted Did Not Vote on 02/25/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Debbie Stabenow. S 1805. 108th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 03/02/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Support existing law; do not support the new "gun tax""
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 4615. 110th Congress. Firearm Confiscation Prohibition Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 07/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Debbie Stabenow a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 07/29/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 1618. 111th Congress. Authorizing Concealed Firearms Across State Lines. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 07/22/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 1067. 111th Congress. Allowing Loaded Guns in National Parks. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 05/12/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S AMDT 1626. 109th Congress. Child Safety Lock Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 07/28/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • The Argus-Press: Stabenow Supports march against gun violence. 21 April 2010. "U.S. Rep. Debbie Stabenow called for background checks at gun shows, mandatory child safety locks on guns and other measures Thursday as she met with Michigan organizers of the Million Mom March [¦] Stabenow, D-Lansing, said she supports most of those measures, but stopped short on the issue of registration. Instead, Stabenow said, gun safety advocates should focus on the areas where Democrats and Republicans agree, including requiring safety locks with all guns sold and requiring background checks at gun shows." (news.google.com)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Repealing the Federal Health Care Law. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 02/02/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Senator Stabenow Statement on Supreme Court Decision Upholding Health Care Reform. 28 June 2012. "U.S. Senator Debbie Stabenow today issued the following statement regarding the U.S. Supreme Court's decision to uphold the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: 'Today the Supreme Court upheld important protections for Michigan families, including lower prescription drug prices for seniors, access to maternity care and mammograms for women, tools for Michigan small businesses to lower their health care costs, and coverage for children with preexisting conditions. Now we must continue to keep patients in charge of their own health decisions by stopping those in Congress seeking to end Medicare as we know it. My focus has always been and will continue to be ensuring that Michigan families and seniors have access to affordable coverage and that people, not health insurance companies, have control over their own health care decisions.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. Video: MPCA Awards Senator Stabenow the Legacy of Leadership Award. 14 October 2010. "I'm very proud of the fact that in health reform, which is import-- health reform is important, necessary, it makes a statement that health care in this country should be a right, not a privilege; and it's a platform from which we build, and that's very very important [¦] Let me just say that, remind people. We built new opportunities and new systems step by step. When Social Security was first developed. When Medicare was first developed. They were very narrow in scope. Didn't cover people with disabilities. Didn't cover broadly what Medicare covers today. But in 1965 a stake was put in the ground-- to say if you're sixty-five years or older in this country, we think you ought to be able to have health care; and then we built from that. That's what this is about. It's taken fifty years, a hundred years, however you want to count it. To get to a point where we would as a country put a stake in the ground and say, everybody ought to be able to find affordable health insurance, and have access to health care. Now it's up to us to build on that." (www.youtube.com)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 4231. 110th Congress. Immigration Enforcement and Border Fence Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 03/13/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S 2611. 110th Congress. Immigration Reform Bill. Debbie Stabenow voted Nay on 05/25/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S Amdt 3117. 110th Congress. Border Fence and Customs Appropriations. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 10/03/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 7 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. S AMDT 4087. 110th Congress. Orange Card Program Amendment. Debbie Stabenow voted Yea on 05/23/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 73 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 20 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 67 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 92 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow. CNN "State Of The Union With John King" - Transcript. 11 October 2009. "STABENOW: Well, first, I think we need to start with making sure that there is domestic partners benefits for everyone involved in relationships. [¦] KING: Why is this so hard? If I ask you, would you vote for a public option in health care you would say yes. If I asked you if you would vote to help out the autoworkers in your state, you would say yes. I asked you if you would vote to repeal the Defense of Marriage Act, and you didn't answer the question. Why is it so hard? STABENOW: Because the challenge for me is that we have had on the ballot and there has been passage in Michigan of a law prohibiting gay marriage. So I think for a number of us, that becomes a challenge in terms of what has happened in terms of voting in our states. Now, I am a co-sponsor of the hate crimes and support eliminating the policies that discriminate among talented people in our military. I support making sure that there are legal protects for everyone. But I think the patch work of state policies now make it difficult and we all to have take another look." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Debbie Stabenow. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Debbie Stabenow supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Debbie Stabenow signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xi) Other

Personal decision between a woman, her doctor, family & clergy

1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Maintain Statusa) AIDS programs
Maintain Statusb) Arts funding
Greatly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Maintain Statusd) Environmental programs
Maintain Statuse) Foreign aid
Maintain Statusf) Housing projects
Maintain Statusg) Job training programs
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medicaid
Maintain Statusj) Medicare
Maintain Statusk) NASA
Greatly Increasel) Student loan programs
Maintain Statusm) Welfare
n) Other
o) Other
p) Other
2) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following defense-related categories. Select one number (level) only.
Maintain Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) CIA appropriations
Maintain Statusc) Defense plant conversion
Maintain Statusd) Development of new weapons
Maintain Statuse) Military hardware
Maintain Statusf) Military space shuttle missions
Maintain Statusg) National Missile Defense Program
Slightly Increaseh) Pay for active duty personnel
i) Other

New B-1 bombers -- Eliminate

No3) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?
4) Indicate how you would apply the expected federal budget surplus.
a) Social Security
b) Medicare
c) Tax cuts
d) Federal debt reduction
Xe) Other

Middle class tax cuts after repayment of the Social Security Trust Fund

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance reform.
a) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
Xb) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns.
Xc) Provide public funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
d) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xe) Strengthen and enforce legislation that encourages full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
f) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xg) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xh) Ban the unregulated campaign contributions known as soft money.
Xi) Pass legislation banning issue advocacy commercials by outside groups within 60 days of an election.
Xj) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making contributions to federal campaigns.
Xk) Other

I support any reasonable effort to limit costs and increase accountability

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Expand funding for community policing programs.
f) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
g) Prosecute youths accused of a felony as adults.
Xh) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
i) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xj) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
Xk) Other

We must hold people accountable while also focusing on prevention

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
c) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
d) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
e) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
f) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
g) Increase funding for border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
Xh) Other

Prevention and education with tough enforcement

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the economy and employment.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xc) Reduce government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xd) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the minimum wage.
Xg) Pass legislation that encourages employers to offer their employees the options of flex-time scheduling, comp-time and unpaid leave to attend to their family responsibilities.
Xh) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide on-site child care.
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action and discrimination.
a) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs only if such programs do not include quotas.
c) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
d) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
e) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
f) The federal government should include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws.
Xg) Other

Laws should be strengthened and enforced against discrimination

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
Xa) Support national standards and testing in reading and math.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly funded school.
e) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
f) Support creation of more charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit.
h) Support voluntary teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
i) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
Xj) Other

Strengthen public education; provide technology in schools; smaller class sizes

No2) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to guarantee the right to religious expression and voluntary prayer in public places, including schools?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
a) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
Xb) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
c) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
Xd) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
Xe) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xf) Encourage development of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
h) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
Xi) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
j) Impose stricter national air quality standards.
k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change.
Xl) Strengthen the restrictions on clear-cutting on federal lands.
Xm) Other

All nations should participate in global climate change efforts, not just industrialized countries

Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.
Federala) Border security
Federalb) Civil rights enforcement
Localc) Education
Stated) Environmental cleanup
Statee) Job training
Statef) Law enforcement
Stateg) Low-income housing
Federalh) Medicaid
Federali) Medicare
Statej) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Statek) Welfare
l) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Bosnia/former Yugoslavia.
a) The U.S. should lift the arms embargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina.
b) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina with a certain deadline for withdrawal.
c) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina without a certain deadline for withdrawal.
Xd) Other

The US currently plays an important peace keeping role in Bosnia

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq through diplomatic means.
b) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted UN resolutions.
c) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
Xe) Other

Active involvement in Middle East peace keeping efforts & protection economic interests

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
a) The U.S. should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
b) The U.S. should contribute less funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
d) The U.S. should not commit military troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
e) The U.S. should withdraw from the UN completely.
Xf) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
g) Other
Undecided4) Should the U.S. have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba?
5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
Xc) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
g) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
Xh) Other

Support existing law; do not support the new "gun tax"

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues in America.
a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
Xd) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education and natural medicines and remedies.
Xe) Support legislation to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xf) Allow small business owners, the self-employed and workers whose employers do not provide health insurance to have the same deductibility for health costs as corporations and large employers.
g) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
h) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
i) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
Xj) Classify nicotine as a drug and cigarettes as drug delivery devices, which should be regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration.
Xk) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Other

I support efforts to increase access to home health care

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. HUD housing, food stamps).
c) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service to reduce to six months the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance.
d) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
g) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
h) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States government.
Xi) Other

Important part of heritage; we need a balanced approach

The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. On an attached page, in fifty words or less, explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.

The restoration of public confidence in government hinges, in large part, on the willingness of Congress to address important issues with the interest of people in mind, not partisan gain and political expediency. My priorities will continue to be those issues that affect the everyday lives of families I represent.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government.
c) Invest Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to finance the program in its current form.
e) Invest a portion of the budget surplus into the Social Security trust fund.
f) Increase the minimum age that determines when retirees are able to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
h) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
i) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on income above $68,400, which is currently exempt.
Xj) Other

100% of budget surplus should be dedicated to Social Security

1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Income Taxes:
a) Retiree income over $40,000
b) Family income less than $25,000
c) Family income $25-75,000
d) Family income $75-150,000
e) Family income over $150,000
Other Tax Issues:
f) Alcohol taxes
g) Capital gains taxes
h) Charitable deductions
i) Child tax credit
j) Cigarette taxes
k) Corporate income taxes
l) Earned Income Tax Credit
m) Estate taxes
n) Medical expense deductions
o) Mortgage deductions
p) Other

Tax cuts middle class families

q) Other

Tax cuts small business

No2) Do you support replacing the U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?
No4) Do you support instituting a national sales tax?
Yes5) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?
7) Other

We need to greatly simplify the tax code

No1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
If you support term limits, how many terms should each serve?
Senator (# of 6 yr. terms)
Representatives (# of 2 yr. terms)
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Undecided2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries in the western hemisphere?
Undecided3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Undecided4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Yes6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
No7) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
a) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
c) Increase funds for housing assistance for welfare recipients who need housing to get or keep a job.
d) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
e) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through block grants.
f) Eliminate federal funds for welfare programs at the federal, state or local levels.
g) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
h) Convert government-funded low-income housing projects into private housing, managed and owned by the residents.
i) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
Xj) Other

Provide job training and education; promote independence

Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

I have worked hard on issues that make a difference in the lives of families every day. I will continue to fight for --
- Fiscal Responsibility: cutting waste, balancing the budget and providing tax relief for middle class families.
- Quality Schools & Job Training: Strengthening our schools by increasing school technology and greater access to college.
- Retirement Security & Pensions: Protecting your pension and preserving Social Security; using l00 percent of the budget surplus to repay Social Security.

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