This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.
*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.
In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.
Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Candidate refused to address this issue.
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This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
|a) Abortions should always be legally available.|
|X||b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.|
|c) Abortions should be legal when pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.|
|X||d) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.|
|e) Abortions should always be illegal.|
|X||f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and parental notification requirements.|
|X||g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.|
|h) Support "buffer zones" by requiring demonstrators to stay at least 15 feet away from abortion clinic doorways and driveways.|
|No||2) Should Virginia government funding be provided to clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services?|
Indicate the principles you support (if any) concerning affirmative action. State government agencies should take race and sex into account in the following areas:
|No||a) College and university admissions|
|No||b) Public employment|
|No||c) State contracting|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
|a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.|
|b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.|
|c) End parole for repeat violent offenders.|
|d) Support the use of the death penalty.|
|e) Oppose the death penalty.|
|f) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.|
|g) Inform communities when a convicted sex offender moves into the community.|
|h) Increase state funds for programs which rehabilitate and educate inmates during and after their prison sentences.|
|i) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.|
|X||j) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.|
|X||k) Strengthen penalties and sentences for sex offenders.|
|l) Support the blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.|
|m) Prosecute juveniles who commit murder or other serious violent crimes as adults.|
We already did A,C,D,F,G & M. It has been the law in Va. for almost 20 years. On L which Blood Alcohol are you asking for .02, .08 or .10?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning the economy and employment.
|X||a) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.|
|X||b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.|
|c) Support limits on cash damages in lawsuits against businesses and professionals for product liability or malpractice.|
|d) Increase funding for state job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
|a) Increase state funds for professional development of public school teachers and administrators.|
|X||b) Encourage private or corporate investment in public school programs.|
|c) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).|
|d) Favor charter schools where independent groups receive state authorization and funding to establish new schools.|
|X||e) Support sex education programs which stress abstinence.|
|f) Support sex education programs which stress safe sexual practices.|
|X||g) Increase state funds for school construction and facility maintenance.|
|X||h) Increase state funds for hiring of additional teachers.|
|i) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.|
|j) Support the Board of Education's new higher standards for teacher certification.|
|k) Adopt performance-based funding for Virginia's 38 state universities and community colleges.|
|X||l) Increase state funding to public universities and community colleges so they can lower tuition rates.|
On D I favor the Va. charter plan that gives local school boards the option. I is not constitutional according to the Supreme Court ......it.is not a legitimate choice.at this time in history.
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
|a) Require the use of cleaner burning fuels in order to prevent pollution.|
|X||b) Support "self-audit" legislation which creates incentives for industries to audit themselves and clean up pollution.|
|X||c) Require a cost/benefit analysis to determine the economic impact of proposed environmental regulations before they are implemented.|
|X||d) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately-owned land.|
|e) Provide funding for recycling programs in Virginia.|
|X||f) Request added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environmental regulations.|
|g) Suspend participation in unfunded, federally-mandated environmental protection legislation.|
|h) Restructure the electric utility industry to allow consumers to choose their power company.|
|X||i) Shut down landfills that are most damaging to ground water and do not meet current standards of environmental safety.|
On i the key to the question is "damaging ground water".
|Undecided||2) Should state environmental regulations be stricter than federal law?|
3) Indicate the level of regulation you will support for non-hazardous waste disposal. Select one level only.
|Maintain Status||a) Mega-landfills that meet current environmental standards|
|Slightly Increase||b) Smaller, older landfills|
|Maintain Status||c) Limits on the amount of trash in privately-owned Virginia landfills|
|Greatly Increase||d) Trash barge traffic on Virginia rivers|
|Slightly Increase||e) Trash trucks on Virginia highways|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding government reform.
a) Do you support limits on the number of terms of the following Virginia officials?
|No||1) State Senators and Delegates|
b) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?
|Yes||c) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?|
|Undecided||d) Do you support imposing spending limits on state level political campaigns?|
|e) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?|
|Yes||f) Do you support Virginia relying more on the private job market as a guide in setting public employee salaries?|
|Yes||g) Do you support requiring voters to show identification when voting?|
Elected officials who receive more than $10,000 from regulated industries allegedly for "work" they perform should be required to file monthly detailed reports of the money on the "work . . .
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
|a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.|
|b) Increase state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.|
|c) Maintain state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.|
|X||d) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.|
|X||e) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.|
|X||f) Allow citizens to carry concealed firearms.|
|g) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on firearms.|
We already did E
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
|X||a) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.|
|b) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state funded care when necessary.|
|c) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.|
|d) Use state funds to continue some Medicaid coverage for legal immigrants.|
|e) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.|
|f) The guarantee of medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.|
|g) Increase state funding for informing parents about the Children's Medical Security Insurance Plan, the free health program for uninsured children.|
We already did E
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
|a) Increase state funding for programs to prevent teen pregnancy.|
|b) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.|
|X||c) Increase state funds to provide child care to children in low-income working families.|
|X||d) Deny or suspend state-issued permits and licenses to parents who are delinquent in paying court-ordered child support.|
|e) Ban smoking in public places.|
|f) Increase state funding for Head Start in order to serve additional children and/or increase services from a half day to a full day.|
|g) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.|
|h) Support state funding of programs for at-risk youth such as guaranteed college loans, and job training and placement.|
We already did D
|No||j) Do you believe that the Virginia government should include sexual orientation in Virginia's anti-discrimination laws?|
|No||k) Do you believe that the Virginia government should recognize same-sex marriages?|
1) Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories. Select one level only.
|Slightly Increase||a) Education (K-12)|
|Greatly Increase||b) Education (Higher)|
|Greatly Increase||c) Environment|
|Maintain Status||d) Health care|
|Slightly Increase||e) Law enforcement|
|Greatly Increase||f) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)|
|Slightly Decrease||g) Welfare|
E is only a 2 because of the large increase we made in the level already.
2) The state budget surplus should be:
|Returned to Virginia citizens|
|Invested in state programs|
Both in varying degrees.
Indicate the tax levels you will support. Select one level only.
|Eliminate||a) Capital gains taxes|
|Maintain Status||b) Cigarette taxes|
|Maintain Status||c) Corporate taxes|
|Greatly Decrease||d) Food taxes|
|Maintain Status||e) Gasoline taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||f) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)|
|Slightly Decrease||g) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)|
|h) Natural Resources taxes|
|i) Property taxes|
|Maintain Status||j) Sales taxes|
The state does not control Property Taxes, that is a function of local gov't. I would need you to define Natural Resources.
|Undecided||l) Do you support a flat tax structure for state income taxes?|
|Yes||m) Do you support accelerating the five year phase-out of the local automobile tax?|
|No||n) Do you support raising gasoline taxes to meet a shortfall in highway construction funds?|
|Undecided||o) Do you support freezing local real estate taxes for homeowners over the age of 65?|
|Explain what you will do as a state legislator to address this concern.|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.
|X||a) Maintain current time limits on welfare benefits.|
|X||b) Maintain the requirement that able-bodied recipients work in order to receive benefits.|
|X||c) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.|
|X||d) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.|
|e) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.|
|X||f) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.|
|g) Allow welfare recipients to remain eligible for benefits while saving money for education, starting a business, or buying a home.|
|h) Limit benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.|
|i) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.|
|Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.|