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Francisco Canseco's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Candidates who qualify for the General Election will be invited to take the 2014 Political Courage Test.
Urge Francisco Canseco to fill out the Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Francisco Canseco. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Francisco Canseco voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Francisco Canseco voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: The Sanctity of Life and Marriage. 15 November 2011. "I am pro-life, pro-traditional marriage and I will vote that way in Congress. I believe life begins at conception and that government policies should work to protect that innocent life." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: National Security. "I fully support General Stanley McChrystal's plan to surge more troops into Afghanistan so we will have the opportunity for success just like we did in Iraq." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Protecting our Nation and Staying on Offense Against Terrorists. 1 January 2012. "I find it appalling that Democrat leaders in Congress and the Administration continue to play games and point fingers instead of listening to our Generals in the field who are working to support our troops in Afghanistan and execute a counterinsurgency strategy to defeat the Taliban and kill or capture Al Qaeda leaders. Every day that the Commander in Chief wastes by not fully supporting our troops is another day our men and women serving in Afghanistan are unnecessarily put at risk." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?"
  • Francisco Canseco. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Francisco Canseco voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?"
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Francisco Canseco voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. c) Defense"
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on House Passage of FY2013 Department of Defense Appropriations Act (H.R. 5856). 20 July 2012. "Last night, I proudly supported the passage of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act of 2013 in the House of Representatives. This bill provides the funding needed to support our troops both abroad and at home. Besides the importance to our nation, ensuring our nation's military has the resources it needs is important because the 23rd District of Texas is home to numerous men and women who serve in our nation's armed forces at important military installations in San Antonio, El Paso, and Del Rio [¦] Even though I am a fiscal conservative and fighting in Congress to reduce our nation's debt and get our fiscal house in order, we cannot balance the budget on the backs of our men and women in uniform. I firmly believe in providing our troops and military leaders with the funding they need to protect this great nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Francisco Canseco voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayers Protection Pledge. "I pledge to the taxpayers of the state of Texas and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." (www.atr.org)
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Getting American Back to Work. 19 June 2011. "For 24 months, the approach to job creation taken by President Obama, then-Speaker Nancy Pelosi, and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid was to spend the hard-earned money of American taxpayers in an attempt to purchase economic prosperity [¦] Instead of jobs and economic growth, the only thing the American people have to show for all the money spent on the stimulus is debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Reigning In Federal Spending, Taxation, and the Growth of Government Programs. "Long term, the out of control spending has gravely harmed our country's financial standing in the world. Our dollar has been devalued and other countries literally hold our future in their hands." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Statement on President Obama's Address to the Nation Regarding our Economy. 8 August 2011. "Showing just how out of touch he really is, in an Alice in Wonderland moment, President Obama called for more federal spending in the name of economic growth. He also indicated that his "plan' for dealing with our nation's spending-driven debt crisis is nothing more than the same proposal for jobs-crushing tax increases on American families and businesses and smoke and mirrors spending cuts that have already been rejected by the American people." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on Chairman Bernanke's Appearance before the House Financial Services Committee. 13 July 2011. "The solution for getting our economy back on track and job creators creating jobs once again is not to saddle them with higher taxes. Instead, we should remove the cause of the problem; we need to remove policies creating uncertainty that is holding the economy back. Business owners I talk to don't tell me they pay too little in taxes; however, they do tell me that they think the federal government spends too much money." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on June Jobs Report. 8 July 2011. "To get our economy back on track and creating jobs we need to remove the uncertainty in the economy that has been created by policies coming from Washington. This means that we must get serious about reining in out-of-control federal spending, keeping taxes low, promoting the expanded production of American energy, and removing the federal regulatory burden on job creators." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's statement on his vote against raising the debt ceiling. 31 May 2011. "It is time we cut up the national credit card and force government to live within its means, just like American families and small businesses do every day." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on President's Deficit Speech. 13 April 2011. "Government spending does not create jobs; if it did, given all the federal spending that has occurred over the past 2 years, we should be experiencing the biggest economic boom and most robust job creation in history- but we are not." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on President's Speech. 8 September 2011. "Attempting to spend and borrow our way to economic prosperity was a bad idea in early 2009, and it is an even worse idea today." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on President's State of the Union Speech. 25 January 2011. "Over the past 2 years the President and his Democratic allies in Congress went on a spending spree attempting to purchase economic prosperity. Unfortunately, all the American people have gotten in return has been 20 straight months of unemployment at 9% or higher, trillion dollar deficits, and a record $14 trillion debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on the Continuing Resolution (CR) Bill. 15 March 2011. "Whether or not the big spending liberals in the United Sates Senate like, the American people want Congress to cut spending so that we can begin putting our nation back on a sustainable fiscal path and creating jobs. The people of the 23rd District of Texas sent me here to cut spending, and that is what I intend to do." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on Chairman Bernanke's Appearance before the House Financial Services Committee. 13 July 2011. "The solution for getting our economy back on track and job creators creating jobs once again is not to saddle them with higher taxes. Instead, we should remove the cause of the problem; we need to remove policies creating uncertainty that is holding the economy back. Business owners I talk to don't tell me they pay too little in taxes." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Job Creation. "Congress should have [¦] targeted small businesses for additional tax cuts and allowed them to expand Net Operating Loss tax exemptions -- this would have given them an immediate cash infusion to weather the tough economic times, make needed purchases, and prevent further layoffs." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Congressman Canseco's Statement on the September Jobs Report. 7 October 2011. "Washington policies of the past 2 years, such as out-of-control federal spending, hundreds of new regulations and government mandates, and a constant threat of ever higher taxes have taken their toll on job creators. These policies have left job creators uncertain about the economy and with a lack of confidence in their ability to be successful -- causing them to choose to not invest in expanding businesses and creating jobs." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Education. 1 January 2012. "I believe every child is entitled to a quality education. I support scholastic excellence through accountability and flexibility for teachers, parents, and students. I believe greater state flexibility will increase opportunities for our students and educators." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Francisco Canseco voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Francisco Canseco voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Protecting the Second Amendment. 15 November 2011. "I'm proud to have earned an 'A' rating in 2008 from the National Rifle Association. As a long time gun owner and hunter, I will always vote in Congress to protect our 2nd Amendment rights." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Francisco Canseco voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Immigration and Border Security. 1 January 2012. "As a strong advocate for increased border security and a member of the Congressional Immigration Reform Caucus, I understand the concerns all Texans have on this critical issue. I will continue to support measures to secure our borders and oppose amnesty for illegal immigrants. Becoming a U.S. citizen and earning rights associated with those privileges are reserved for those who respect U.S. laws and go through the legal immigration process." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Securing Our Borders and Immigration. 9 August 2012. "Beyond the threat of terrorism, our security is also threatened illegal immigrant gangs, drug cartels, and human smugglers. We must make it a top priority to provide the funding, equipment, and personnel necessary to identify, apprehend, and incarcerate or deport these criminals. It will send a message that we are serious and we are coming after them. For those who wish to come to our country to seek a better life and make America their home, they must do so by obeying our laws and complying with our rules. Amnesty is simply NOT AN OPTION." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?"
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?"
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?"
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: The Sanctity of Life and Marriage. 15 November 2011. "I am pro-life, pro-traditional marriage and I will vote that way in Congress [¦] I also believe, and have supported, the definition of marriage as being between one man and one woman. In Texas, we overwhelmingly passed a state Constitutional Amendment to establish that definition. In Congress, I will work to ensure traditional marriage is the only recognized marriage in our country." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Letter to Majority Leader Harry Reid and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. 2 November 2011. "DOMA makes clear that for purposes of the federal government, marriage is defined as between one man and one woman. The use of federal property or federal employees to perform anything but opposite-sex ceremonies is a clear contravention of the law." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Letter to the Honorable Barack H. Obama, President of the United States. 22 March 2011. "We are writing to express our great concern and disapproval over your recent announcement to no longer defend the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA). Your decision casts doubt on the trust the American people place in our government as a whole, and in the authority of the Constitution specifically." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?"
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Protecting our Nation and Staying on Offense Against Terrorists. "As your Congressman, I will demand full funding and support for our troops so that we can continue to stay on the offensive to kill, capture, or eliminate terrorists wherever they may be hiding." (votesmart.org)
  • Francisco Canseco. Statement on Death of Osama bin Laden. 2 May 2011. "News that Osama bin Laden, the terrorist leader of al Qaeda, has been killed marks a momentous victory in our ongoing fight against terrorism. Today, America sent a message to those who seek to do harm onto our nation - you will be brought to justice. We owe debt of gratitude to the men and women in our armed forces who have been relentlessly pursuing bin Laden and made this day possible. Although Osama bin Laden is dead, his ideology of hate and evil did not die with him. The struggle against terrorism and radical Islam continues. We must remain vigilant in our efforts to protect Americans at home and abroad." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "X" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Francisco Canseco. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Francisco Canseco. Issue Position: Seniors. 1 January 2012. "I am committed to protecting Social Security and Medicare for American seniors. I support improving the cost containment structures of each of these programs, so they allow seniors the ability to retire with dignity and security both now and in the future." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Texas Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
Xg) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
Greatly Decreasea) Agriculture
Eliminateb) Arts
Greatly Increasec) Defense
Greatly Decreased) Education
Greatly Decreasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) FEMA
Slightly Increaseg) Homeland security
Maintain Statush) International aid
Greatly Increasei) Law enforcement (Federal)
Greatly Increasej) Law enforcement (State)
Maintain Statusk) Medical research
Maintain Statusl) National parks
Maintain Statusm) Public health services
Maintain Statusn) Scientific research
Maintain Statuso) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increasep) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Eliminateq) United Nations
Greatly Decreaser) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
2) Defense Spending
Greatly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Greatly Increasec) Military hardware
Greatly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Greatly Increasee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Greatly Increaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
Eliminatea) Less than $12,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $12,001-$40,000
Greatly Decreasec) $40,001-$100,000
Greatly Decreased) $100,001-$180,000
Greatly Decreasee) $180,001-$350,000
Greatly Decreasef) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Greatly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Greatly Increasea) Charitable contribution deduction
Greatly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Greatly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Greatly Increasee) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xc) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xd) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
Xh) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
j) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
g) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
Xe) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
Xf) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
Xg) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
Xi) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
c) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xf) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xi) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
Xj) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
Xa) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Greatly Decreased) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
Xb) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xc) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
Xg) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Support a temporary worker program.
Xd) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
Xf) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
Xh) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesd) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Yese) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
Nof) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.
Yesh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yesi) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yesj) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Yesk) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Nol) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Nom) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yesn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yeso) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Yesp) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Yesb) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yesc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
d) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yese) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Yesf) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Yesg) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Yesh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Noa) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Yesb) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Noc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Nod) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
Noe) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Nof) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
g) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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