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Dan Boren refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.
What is the Political Courage Test?
This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.
*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.
In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.
Vote Smart's Research
- Dan Boren. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Boren voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
- NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Boren voted NO on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
- National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Dan Boren. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted YES on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)
- National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 30 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted YES on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Issue Position: Agriculture. "Our farmers and ranchers need relief from a complex federal tax code that - in the case of the estate tax - has forced some to give up farms that have been in their families for generations...As one of the nation's top agriculture producing states, Oklahoma has a lot at stake when Congress considers policies that affect farmers and ranchers. Since first being elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, Congressman Boren has: Voted for permanent repeal of the estate tax." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. U.S. House Passes Permanent Repeal of Estate Tax. 13 April 2005. "U.S. Representative Dan Boren today supported passage of the Death Tax Repeal Permanency Act. Passing the House, the measure abolishes death taxes on small family owned businesses that are vital to Eastern Oklahoma's growth." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Issue Position: Cutting Taxes and Government Spending. "Supporting a full repeal of the Estate Tax so that that federal government can't tax you on your death bed." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Dan Boren. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted YES on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
- Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of the Club for Growth 14 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Boren Backs Bipartisan Economic Stimulus Plan. 29 January 2008. "U.S. Congressman Dan Boren today joined a bipartisan majority in the House of Representatives in support of H.R. 5140, the Recovery Rebates and Economic Stimulus for the American People Act. The legislation will help stimulate the economy by providing tax rebates to 1.3 millionhouseholds in Oklahoma. Congress is determined to act quickly, so that families could receive tax rebates of up to $1,200 per couple, plus $300 per child, as early as mid-May. 'Families in the Second District are struggling just to make ends meet, and the economic downturn is only making things worse,' said Boren. 'I'm proud to have crafted a bipartisan plan that will give the economy a much-needed boost, and deliver to families the relief they need right now." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Why Should I Support the Financial Rescue Plan? 3 October 2008. "After weighing the cost of federal action against the consequences of inaction, I have decided to support need for a financial rescue package. My primary reason for supporting the plan is a belief that the American banking system is currently at risk of total collapse. The slow and rolling failure of America's largest financial entities should cause great concern among all Oklahomans. Many of our citizen's count on banks and financial institutions to protect their life-savings, expand their businesses, finance major family purchases, and send their children to college. A failure of our lending institutions could destroy our nation's economy and cause many of our citizens to lose their jobs and homes." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Issue Position: Economy. "Over the last two years our country has faced some of the most challenging economic times in generations. And that is why Dan Boren has made the economy and job creation his number one focus in Congress.
Representing Eastern Oklahoma in the House of Representatives, he has advocated for and supported such proposals as:
* An expansion of the Child Tax Credit to allow Oklahoma families to keep more of their hard earned money.
* An increase in the Homebuyer Tax Credit to get our real estate and housing market moving again.
* An extension of unemployment benefits to help those struggling to find a job.
* A broad assortment of tax credits and incentives for small-businesses so that they can grow their business or make much needed capital investments.
Since the collapse of the housing market in the fall of 2008 and the staggering rise in unemployment in 2009, Dan Boren has argued that Congress should move away from divisive debates on health care and climate change, and instead remain singularly focused on improving the economy and creating jobs.
As your Congressman, Boren has also been honored annually by such organizations as the National Federation of Independent Businesses, the Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce, and the National Association of Manufacturers as a loyal advocate for working families and small business owners." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Dan Boren. A Promise to Our Seniors. 10 August 2005. "The only crisis facing social security today is privatization. By applying common-sense and bipartisan solutions, we can ensure that it will continue to protect Oklahomans for the next 70 years and beyond." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. August marks 71 years of Social Security success. 27 July 2006. "I have serious concerns that any proposal to replace our current Social Security system with private retirement accounts threatens to break the promise of dignity and independence during retirement made to all Americans. Privatization would take funds committed to guaranteed benefits and distribute them into individual accounts in private markets, replacing our current system with a risky one that would leave the fate of seniors to the ups and downs of the stock market." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. U.S. Rep. Dan Boren Reacts to the State of the Union Address. 2 February 2005. "I'm very concerned about the Administration's plan to privatize Social Security. Social Security is a promise to our seniors, a guarantee of dignity and independence - we should not put that promise to an unknown risk." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 40 percent in 2005-2006. (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Dan Boren. Issue Position: Education. "Today's students are the next generation of doctors, engineers, teachers, and community leaders. A quality education system has the power to enrich lives and revitalize our economy.
Investing in our schools and our students is the best economic investment we can make because it provides a solid foundation for Oklahoma's workforce for decades to come.
Unfortunately, far too many students right here in Eastern Oklahoma are attending under-funded schools that are not delivering the results we know our children need.
More than ever, the health of our economy rests on having a highly-skilled and well-educated workforce.
Improving affordability and access to education is the key to remaining strong in the face of an increasingly competitive global economy." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of Environment America 73 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Krehbiel, Randy. 2009. Tulsa World: U.S. Rep. Dan Boren unhappy with health care, energy proposals. 21 July 2009. "On energy, Boren said, "The cap and trade bill is really the worst piece of legislation I've seen since I've been there. It raises energy prices on businesses, raises electric bills on families, and it even raises gasoline prices in the middle of a recession. And, it makes America less competitive in the global economy." (newsok.com)
- Dan Boren. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted NO on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Dan Boren a grade of A-. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Boren voted YES on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
- National Rifle Association. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "In 2008 National Rifle Association gave Representative Boren a grade of A+, in its scorecard for candidates seeking office in 2008." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Boren Addresses National Rifle Association's Annual Meeting. 14 May 2010. "As I was preparing for being here today, one question kept coming to my mind. "What does it mean to be an American?' It's a tough question that has a lot of answers. For us, as Members of the National Rifle Association, the answer to this question comes back to the Second Amendment. "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.' Coming right after the First Amendment guaranteeing free speech, I believe that the Second Amendment is in the DNA of America and Americans."
"Because I; we, and every gun owner in America must continue, in the great tradition of Jefferson, Adams and Franklin, to proactively defend the Second Amendment. There is an old saying in Washington: You're either at the table or you're on the menu. And we, as gun owners, hunters and shooters, need to make sure that our Second Amendment rights are never on the menu."
"But fortunately, for our sake, the NRA knows that the best defense is a good offense. And together, we have become proactive."
"Just last fall, the NRA and loyal gun owners went to battle with the DC government to protect its citizens' right to possess a firearm. The landmark Supreme Court case was in many ways a straight forward test of the Second Amendment. The question was "do D.C residents have the right to possess a firearm to protect their house and their family?" I, along with a bipartisan majority of the House and Senate; including the Vice President of the United States at the time, signed "A Friend of the Court Brief," arguing that DC's gun ban was completely unconstitutional."
"And because of the NRA's hard work, we are beginning the process of restoring gun rights in yet another American city that previously had none. And this victory, while historic, should remind everyone in this room why we can't get complacent. Because complacency leads to erosion, and the erosion of our rights leads to the oppression of gun owners everywhere. Ladies and Gentlemen, I am proud to be here today. I am proud to be a member of the board of the NRA. I believe in liberty. I believe in freedom. My right to keep and bear arms is an important part of my heritage
..I'm looking forward to the day that I can teach my daughter or little boy to shoot and hunt and handle fire arms with respect." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Issue Position: Sportmen. "Unfortunately, our traditions and heritage are under constant attack in Washington. Many in Congress don't understand gun ownership as a matter of safety and security, and of culture. Whether for self-protection, hunting or sport, gun ownership is a way of life for many Eastern Oklahomans. As a life member of the NRA and a member of its board of directors, I have an uncompromising belief in the Second Amendment for law-abiding hunters and gun owners. To protect these rights for every American, I support a number of initiatives defending the Second Amendment and eliminating some of the most onerous existing limitations on gun ownership. Contrary to the claims of gun control advocates, gun ownership is not the source of America's gun-related crime problem. Gun-related crime should be met with stiffer penalties for criminals and should not be a factor used to punish responsible gun owners." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Oklahoma Delegation Applauds Supreme Court's Decision to Uphold Constitutional Rights of Gun Owners in McDonald v. Chicago. 28 June 2010. "I applaud the Supreme Court's decision as a law abiding gun-owner, an avid sportsmen, and a member of the NRA's National Board of Directors. I strongly believe that the individual's right to gun ownership, granted by the Second Amendment, extends to all levels of government lawmaking and regulation. I was honored to join hundreds of my colleagues in signing an amicus brief urging the Court to rule on the side of the Constitution." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 56 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Health Care Reform With A Watchful Eye. 16 June 2009. "My view on a public plan is mixed. I am ardently opposed to single payer health care. I believe that America's free market health care system is the primary reason our country has the best specialized medical care in the world. Thousands of foreigners travel to the United States every year to get medical treatment at prestigious facilities like the Mayo Clinic, St. Jude Children's Hospital, and the University of Oklahoma Medical Center. But the free market health insurance system has significant gaps - many of which have festered for decades." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. As Promised, Boren To Vote No On Health Care Bill. 5 November 2009. "While I support improving health care access for all Oklahomans, just as I told constituents in August, I cannot vote for the health care bill that is currently before the House of Representatives. The worst thing we could do during a recession is raise taxes and this bill does just that. I also believe the public option would ultimately lead to a single-payer health care system... Although I support eliminating health insurance companies' ability to deny applicants coverage based on pre-existing conditions, this 2,000-page and $1 trillion bill, is just not the answer to America's health care problems." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Boren Remains A Firm No On President's Health Care Proposal. 24 February 2010. "U.S. Congressman Dan Boren today issued the following statement regarding the health care reform package announced by the Obama Administration this week: "I had hoped that the Administration would make good on its promise to focus on the economy and job creation now that an overwhelming majority of Americans have shown their opposition to job-killing measures like cap and trade and health care reform. But the nearly $1 trillion package announced this week by the President is just more of the same big-spending, tax-laden policy that won't put Americans to work and will add to our rising national debt. The Administration's package includes nearly every major issue that caused me to vote against the first piece of health care legislation last fall in the U.S. House. The worst thing you can do during an economic downturn is raise taxes; and this proposal does just that. I cannot support the tax increases on small businesses and the mandates on employers that are included in this plan because they will lead to job loss at a time when every public official should be focused solely on improving our economy and creating jobs. After holding town halls and meeting with numerous constituents throughout last year, I know that folks in eastern Oklahoma want me focused first and foremost on creating jobs, reigning in the government spending and waste, and maintaining a strong national defense. While I support some insurance reforms such as eliminating pre-existing conditions and making insurance plans portable across state lines, there is no chance I am voting for this bill because it raises taxes on businesses, creates job-killing mandates, grows the size of government, and cuts services to seniors." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Boren Votes No On Obama Health Care Bill. 22 March 2010. "U.S. Congressman Dan Boren issued the following statement today regarding his vote in opposition to President Obama's health care reform legislation: "Today I emphatically cast my vote against President Obama's health care plan. Over the last six months, I've spoken with thousands of Oklahomans about the President's reform proposal and the common thread among all of those conversations has been an unwavering opposition to it. Since the beginning of this ill-timed debate, I've raised objections to a host of proposals contained within the legislation. First, there are cuts to vital services for seniors on Medicare. Second, it raises taxes on individuals and families, and third it imposes job killing mandates on small businesses. How could anyone think that these are the right steps during a time of record unemployment and recession? During my career in public service, I have never seen a single issue galvanize my district's voters more than this health care reform proposal. From my first town hall in August of 2009, which drew audiences exceeding 1,000, to the constant phone calls, letters, faxes, and emails to my Washington and Oklahoma offices, the desire for me to oppose this health care proposal has been very clear. For the last 18 months I have said repeatedly that the focus of Congress should be on job creation and getting our economy moving again; not on creating a brand new entitlement program that we simply cannot afford. This debate has been distracting and divisive, and it has clearly eroded the American people's confidence in Congress to do its job." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 77 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
- National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 0 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Issue Position: Immigration. "Our country is in urgent need of a new immigration policy. We need common-sense laws that will crack down on illegal immigration and protect our nation from those who wish us harm. In the post-9/11 world, protecting our borders must be a top priority. As we know all too well, not all who cross our borders want to share in the American dream. And if we do not know who is coming into our country, we cannot keep our homeland safe. Border security is first and foremost a matter of national security. But illegal immigration is also about economic security. While America has always been a welcoming nation, illegal immigration creates an underclass of workers who provide unfair competition with the many hardworking Americans who are struggling just to make ends meet. As a result, undocumented workers have driven down wages, benefits and working conditions for all workers. Amnesty has been proposed for some or all of the estimated 11 million illegal immigrants already in the United States. I believe this sends the wrong signal. Immigration reform should reflect a commitment to enforcement, not reward those who break the rules. We can't just give people a pass because it's the easy thing to do. It will weaken our entire immigration system and undermine our ability to enforce the law." (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. Issue Position: Immigration. "Our country is in urgent need of a new immigration policy. We need common-sense laws that will crack down on illegal immigration and protect our nation from those who wish us harm. Border security is first and foremost a matter of national security. In the post-9/11 world, protecting our borders must be a top priority. But Illegal immigration is also about economic security. While America has always been a welcoming nation, illegal immigration creates an sub-class of workers who provide unfair competition with the many hardworking Oklahomans who are struggling to make ends meet. As a result, undocumented workers have driven down wages, benefits and working conditions for all workers.
Dan Boren believes immigration reform should reflect a commitment to enforcement, not reward those who break the rules with amnesty." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Dan Boren supported the interests of Peace Action West 31 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted NO on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
- Dan Boren. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Dan Boren voted NO on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Harris, Hamil R. 2009. The Washington Post: U.S. House Members File Bill to Overturn Action by D.C. Council. 22 May 2009. "A group of lawmakers introduced a bill in the House of Representatives yesterday that would define marriage in the District as the union of one man and one woman...The bill is designed to block a measure approved 12 to 1 by the D.C. Council two weeks ago to recognize same-sex marriages performed in states that have legalized gay marriage. The lead sponsors of the D.C. Defense of Marriage Act are Reps. Jim Jordan (R-Ohio) and Dan Boren (D-Okla.). The bill has a total of 30 sponsors from both parties." (www.washingtonpost.com)
- Dan Boren. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Boren voted YES on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)
- Official Position
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- Inferred Position
Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
- Unknown Position
Candidate refused to address this issue.
- Project Vote Smart's Research
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