Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Steve Stivers refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.
What is the Political Courage Test?
This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.
*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.
In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Steve Stivers voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Steve Stivers voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Family Values. 3 February 2012. "I have a 100 percent pro-life voting record and have a 0 percent approval rating from the pro-abortion group, NARAL. As a husband, father and man of faith, I understand the importance of life and family values. That is why I support legislation restricting and regulating abortion and prohibiting the use of taxpayer funds by the government for abortion. I support a partial birth abortion ban, requiring parental consent, and limitations on RU 486." (www.stivers4congress.com)
Vote Smart's Research
- Vets for Freedom PAC. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Vets for Freedom PAC endorsed Steve Stivers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. 2010. Union County & Galloway 912 Project: Federal Candidate Questionnaire. Responded: "c. Add up to 40,000 troops as requested by General McChrystal;" "d. Additional Air power, drones, & special forces," to the question: "5) What should be the US policy in Afghanistan?" files.meetup.com/1435767/912Survey-Stivers.pdf
- Steve Stivers. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Steve Stivers voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
- John Michael Spinelli. Columbus Government Examiner: Stivers, Kilroy Televised Debate More Tame Than Torrid. 15 October 2010. "Stivers, an Ohio National Guardsman who won honors for his work in Iraq, may have surprised some viewers when he said he agreed with President Obama's decision 'wind down in Iraq and Afghanistan' in a safe way so continuing efforts could be turned over to Iraq and Afghanistan leaders." (www.examiner.com)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: National Defense. "I support giving General McChrystal the troops he requested in Afghanistan. Moreover, I believe our men and women in uniform must have at their disposal the tools necessary to do their jobs when called to duty and they should have the resources available to support them when they return home." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Video: Exclusive 3BP Q&A with Congressman Steve Stivers. 31 May 2011. "Q: Do you consider cuts in defense spending to be on the table? Stivers: You know, I do think that cuts in defense spending have to be on the table. We spent $693 million last year on our nation's defense; we obviously are in two wars and now an action in Libya; but I think we've got to look at ways we can be much more efficient in our national defense. I voted last week to bring some soldiers back from Europe because, frankly, if we can't bring our soldiers back from Europe, how can we ever bring them back from Iraq and Afghanistan? I also think we need to cut waste, fraud, and abuse. We need to cut some weapons systems that the defense department doesn't want. I don't want to cut our defense to the point that it can't defend our country, but I do think we have to figure out how to be much more efficient in defending our country and make sure our allies pay their fair share." (www.youtube.com)
- Steve Stivers. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Steve Stivers voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Steve Stivers voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. The Columbus Dispatch: 2010, My Ballot. Responded: "I support cutting defense spending, but not the way the Obama Administration is talking about doing it. I would rearrange force structure, get rid of bases in Europe, focus our funding on where the threats lie today, and harness the technology of tomorrow to enable our military to do more with less" to the question: "Do you support the Obama administration's plan for defense cuts? If not, how would you pay for averting them?" (c3.thevoterguide.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayers Protection Pledge. "I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." (atr.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Jobs and Economic Security. 8 February 2012. "Similarly, during these tough economic times, the worst thing our government could do is raise taxes on businesses and families. Rather, I believe we must keep taxes at their current level. We cannot tax our way out of a recession, but we can absolutely prolong it by taking more tax dollars from our workers and out of our economy and sending to the big spenders in Washington." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Congressional Candidates Pitch Tax Relief Plans. 15 April 2008. "Stivers, the Republican candidate, said in an interview later that he would not repeal any tax cuts but would work to eliminate the estate tax. 'To raise the rate on capital gains right now could cause a big problem in the economy. I believe it's morally wrong to raise taxes when the economy is struggling.' Stivers said that raising taxes on wealthy families would only encourage them to 'hire accountants and attorneys and plan their way to avoid taxation.'" (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Statement on Voting to Extend Tax Cuts. 1 August 2012. "An independent study from Ernst and Young revealed the possible tax hikes in January 2013 will cost our economy roughly 700,000 jobs. That is why I was proud to vote today to stop what would amount to the largest tax hike in history. This tax increase would be a direct attack on small businesses and American families. We don't need higher taxes, we need a simpler, pro-growth tax code that helps create jobs and put Americans back to work." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Spending and the National Debt. 9 March 2011. "Over the past two years, regular non-defense, discretionary funding has increased by 24 percent, while the stimulus bill alone cost around $821 billion. This spending spree is unacceptable and unsustainable. Across Ohio and the nation families prioritize their own budgets to make ends meet and they should expect no less of Congress. We did not land in this spending crisis overnight and we will not turn around it around overnight; however vote-by-vote, Congress can reduce the out-of-control spending and debt." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Spending. 3 February 2012. "As a new Member of Congress I have been working to reduce funding and get spending under control. From small steps, like voluntarily returning $700 from my own pocket each month to go toward paying down the national debt, to large steps like joining my colleagues in passing a budget that cut $6.2 trillion in spending, I will continue the fight to end the runaway borrowing and spending of the past." (www.stivers4congress.com)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Jobs and Economic Security. 1 February 2012. "To strengthen our economy, we must reduce government over-spending. Runaway deficits and record levels of spending in Congress are choking off capital in our economy and suppressing job creation. To rein in spending, I have called upon Congress to reform earmarks, ensuring complete transparency in the process and absolute accountability for those who would attempt to sneak wasteful earmarks and pork barrel spending into spending bills." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Cutting Wasteful Spending. 1 January 2011. "Step by step, we need to make the tough choices to reduce government spending. This Congress has taken action to reduce spending and assist with job creation, including: taking a five percent cut in our own Congressional budgets; repealing and replacing the health care bill; and voting to reduce government spending to 2008 levels. But, this is just the start and there is more work to be done to cut wasteful government spending throughout 112th Congress." (votesmart.org)
- Dean Shipley. The Madison Press: Steve Stivers listens to Farm Bureau. 8 March 2011. "Stivers feels the stimulus package pushed by the Obama administration 'didn't work.' He cites the government for that failing of the package meant to stimulate the American economy. 'Government isn't always the best at allocating resources to make it effective,' Stivers said. He would like for government to get out of the way of business so it can hire employees and make America competitive again." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Wilmington News Journal U.S. Rep. Stivers Meets With Residents. 4 January 2012. "His three main priorities, Stivers said, are job creation, reducing federal spending, and paying down the U.S. Debt." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Letter to the Honorable John Boehner, Speaker, U.S. House of Representatives and the Honorable Eric Cantor, Majority Leader, U.S. House of Representatives. 6 June 2011. "2. To ensure that spending cuts continue, we need statutory, enforceable total-spending caps to reduce federal spending to 18% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with automatic spending reductions if the caps are breached--an approach taken in a bill by Rep. Mack and in another bill by Reps. Kingston, Flake, and Graves." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Kilroy, Stivers Set for 15th District Rematch. 8 May 2010. "One of the biggest differences is that in 2010 Mary Jo Kilroy has a record of 98.5-percent support of Nancy Pelosi's agenda. During her two-year term, the federal deficit has more than tripled as a percentage of GDP, and the stimulus plan that was supposed to put people back to work has failed so badly that long-term unemployment is at an all time high." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Jobs and the Economy. 1 January 2011. "My top priorities as a Member of Congress are job creation and cutting the excessive spending and ever-increasing debt." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Votes to Cut Government Spending. 25 January 2011. "H. Res. 38 serves as a down payment toward more responsible government by returning funding to 2008 levels before the expensive and unsuccessful taxpayer-funded bailouts and stimulus programs were put into place. 'Across this state and nation families are prioritizing their own budgets and making the tough choices to make ends meet. It is time for Congress to do the same and stop the out of control federal spending. While we will not turn around the nation's spending problem overnight, this is a step in the right direction.'" (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Job Creation. 2 June 2011. "They asked us to change the culture in Washington so that people here understand that government does not create jobs; small business owners and entrepreneurs create jobs. We need to allow those local employers to focus their resources on hiring and to growing their businesses. If we allow them, business can and will create jobs. We just need to give them the incentives, and innovation will be there. Business owners need the flexibility to invest back in their businesses, and they need the ability to keep more of what they have earned if they do well." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Statement on Jobs Bill Passage. 16 November 2011. "H.R. 674 repeals a burdensome three percent tax withholding that was once looming over the heads of small businesses and job creators who work on federal, state, and local government projects. This bill passed the House earlier this year, and came back from the Senate with an amendment that extends, through 2012, the Work Opportunity Tax Credit for businesses who hire unemployed veterans. It has the potential to create jobs and put unemployed Veterans, specifically, back to work." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. NBC 4, AARP 15th Congressional District Debate. 17 September 2008. "I think a job is better than any government program. We can't just tax our way out of the problems we face. We face real problems in the economy. I think there are a few things the government can do to help with jobs. First, I think we can help private businesses create jobs. I don't mean the government will create the jobs of the future. I mean private businesses will create the jobs of the future." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Jobs and the Economy. 1 January 2011. "Congress also needs to lower the corporate tax rates to remain competitive, in the world economy. We cannot compete with other countries without being innovative and matching the incentives of other nations. If we want to bring jobs back here to the United States, we must take the necessary steps to reduce both taxes and regulations on our businesses." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. 2010. Union County & Galloway 912 Project: Federal Candidate Questionnaire. Responded "No" to the question "Is it appropriate for the federal government to attach mandates to money given to state and local governments for education?" files.meetup.com/1435767/912Survey-Stivers.pdf
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Announces Job-Creating Legislation to Expand American Offshore Drilling Production. 11 November 2011. "Americans in Ohio and across the country are worried about rising energy costs, high unemployment and our aging infrastructure. This bill is an opportunity to directly address those concerns by linking expanded American energy production to important infrastructure repairs and improvements. The U.S. has vast energy resources that are not being developed due to federal government roadblocks. Removing these barriers and allowing expanded American energy production will create long-term job growth, reduce our dependence on foreign oil, and provide much-needed revenue to help pay for vital infrastructure improvements." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Blog - Rising Gas Prices. 5 April 2011. "We must support all options available to us including: renewable energy, clean coal, and expanding drilling here at home. Congress needs to implement an all-of-the-above energy plan that capitalizes on our nation's strengths and reduces our dependence. That's why I signed a letter along with around 50 of my colleagues in the House of Representatives asking President Obama to direct the Department of Interior to lift its de facto moratorium on issuing permits for new oil drilling endeavors. Studies have shown that there are safe methods of drilling which is why the Administration has lifted the ban on off-shore drilling. However, the Administration has issued only 32 shallow water permits and only recently approved five deep water permits." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Energy Security and Independence Plan. 3 February 2012. "We know how to drill in environmentally safe ways, and the technologies are improving every day. Today, the only obstacle to increasing drilling offshore is a Congressional moratorium. No candidate can seriously claim to support increased drilling without supporting the lifting of the moratorium, and while I have called repeatedly for Congress to lift the drilling ban, my opponent has said she doesn't know how she would vote on it." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Energy. 3 February 2012. "To address increasing energy costs, the United States needs an all-of-the-above energy plan that includes everything from renewable energy to clean coal to expanding drilling here at home. I am a cosponsor of multiple bills which help put an end to the Washington policies that are increasing gas prices. This legislation would expand American energy production to help lower costs and create jobs." (www.stivers4congress.com)
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Introduces the Energy Security and Transportation Jobs Act of 2011. 22 November 2011. "My bill would put thousands of people to work on our country's crumbling infrastructure by using new revenues created by offshore drilling in the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) to fund new infrastructure projects. Today, nine percent of Americans are unemployed, and my bill is a win for job creation and for putting people back to work." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Supports Measure to Increase Domestic Oil Supply and Lower Gas Prices. 5 May 2011. "Congressman Steve Stivers (R -- Columbus) today joined his colleagues in the U.S. House of Representatives in passing H.R. 1230, the Restarting American Offshore Leasing Now Act. [¦] 'Two-and-a-half years ago, we were facing the same high gasoline prices that we are currently experiencing, but then we expanded drilling and the prices went back down. If we don't take action today, we will surely see the same problem arise again a few short years from now. We cannot continue to rely on other nations that do not have our country's best interests in mind.'" (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Steve Stivers voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama, President of the United States. 1 March 2011. "In light of continuing instability in the Middle East and in North Africa, we write today to urge your Administration's immediate action to ensure America's energy security by expediting the permitting process for safe offshore energy exploration and development without further delay." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Steve Stivers voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stiver. Congressman Meets with Area Farmers. 9 March 2011. "'In this tough economy Congress needs to promote the growth of our agricultural community and that is why I appreciated the opportunity to hear directly from our farmers today. Our nation's farmers make it possible to put food on our tables and we need to make certain we are not placing unnecessary regulations on their industry which put them at a disadvantage.' [¦] Additionally, the attendees shared their apprehension with the skyrocketing national debt and many in the group are concerned that the Environmental Protection Agency has too much authority and as a result, there is over-regulation on agricultural businesses on the local level." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers signed Americans for Prosperity: No Climate Tax Pledge. 29 August 2010. "I, Steve Stivers, pledge to the taxpayers of the state of Ohio and to the American people that I will oppose any legislation relating to climate change that includes a net increase in government revenue." www.noclimatetax.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/stivers.pdf.
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: The Second Amendment. 1 February 2012. "I am and will continue to be a strong defender of our Second Amendment rights afforded to us in the US Constitution. I also support educational programs about the use of firearms, marksmanship and safety programs. As your next Congressman I will defend the US Constitution and the right of the people to keep and bear arms." (votesmart.org)
- National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Steve Stivers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
- National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Steve Stivers in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Protecting the Second Amendment. 3 February 2012. "As a proud card-carrying member of the NRA, I am and will continue to be a strong defender of our Second Amendment rights afforded to us in the United States Constitution. While in the Ohio Senate, I cosponsored the Castle Doctrine, was a cosponsor of Ohio's concealed carry law and I supported educational programs about the use of firearms, marksmanship, and safety. As a Member of Congress I have supported Second Amendment rights by voting for and cosponsoring legislation to allow for reciprocity across state lines for concealed carry." (www.stivers4congress.com)
- Jonathan Riskind. Columbus Dispatch: Shootings spur look at security, Rep. Stivers says. 13 January 2011. "Stivers said he is reluctant to reach quick conclusions about whether federal legislation is needed to address issues raised by the shootings, from dealing with the mentally ill to gun control. While it's tempting to do 'knee-jerk legislation' in reaction to a tragedy, Stivers said, lawmakers are better served to 'look at the facts and see what the facts are' before proposing legislation." (stivers.house.gov)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Steve Stivers voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Votes to Repeal Health Care Bill. 19 January 2011. "Americans need a better health care solution than the law passed by Congress last year." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Healthcare. 3 February 2012. "I do not support the efforts by Congress to create a one-size-fits-all, government-run health care system. Americans should be free to choose their doctors and their treatment options." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Spending and the National Debt. 9 March 2011. "It was important that the first step in putting the nation's fiscal house in order was to start by cutting our own office budgets by five percent, for a savings of around $35.2 million. Then in January, we voted to repeal the health care law which would cut new spending by $2.6 trillion over 10 years and reduce the deficit by $700 billion." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Health Care. 3 February 2012. "I voted to repeal 'Obamacare' because it kills jobs and hurts businesses, further increases the out-of-control national debt, and expands federal bureaucracies and programs." (www.stivers4congress.com)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Health Care Security. 3 February 2012. "My plan to reform America's health care system is predicated on three principles: increasing access to health care for all Americans, lowering costs for patients and throughout the system, and improving quality of care through innovation. However, we must retain our private market health care system. I oppose creating a Canadian-style, government run system." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Fixing Health Care. 1 January 2011. "Americans deserve a better health care solution than the law passed by Congress last year. I voted for the health care repeal bill because doing otherwise would support the job-destroying status quo, and that is unacceptable." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Stivers Statement on Health Care Law Repeal Vote. 11 July 2012. "I voted today to yet again repeal the President's health care law because it is a huge burden that has hurt jobs and our economy, and it will only continue making it harder for small businesses to hire new employees. In order to get people back to work, we need to engage businesses and job creators--not tax them and drive up costs like the President's health care law has done." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Health Care Law Repeal. 10 July 2012. "The bottom line is that the health care bill is making the economy worse. It's hurting job creators and it's hurting our struggling families and hurting real estate values. We need to repeal it and start over by focusing on cutting costs in our health care system and improving the efficiency. If we have a real crisis in health care, it's a crisis of cost." (votesmart.org)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Letter to President Obama. 9 September 2011. "Members of the bipartisan Immigration Reform Caucus along with member of the House vehemently oppose your August 18 2011 announcement to bypass Congress and use prosecutorial discretion to achieve amnesty to individuals who are illegally residing in the US. [¦] This policy has the added affect of further encouraging illegal immigration. Frankly put, if we don't take our own laws seriously enough to enforce, why should we expect anyone to follow them?" (votesmart.org)
- Dean Shipley. The Madison Press: Congressman visits Mt. Sterling. 22 February 2011. "Stivers said in response to her concern said because America was built by immigrants, he does not want to diminish it as a 'land of opportunity.' But the process need to return to its roots, when an immigrant had to have upon entering the country a sponsor and a job. 'They need to be able to take care of themselves.'" (www.madison-press.com)
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Letter to Majority Leader Harry Reid and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. 2 November 2011. "As you know, the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was passed by Congress with bipartisan support and signed into law by President Clinton in 1996. The law of the land is the federal government defines marriage as between one man and one woman. Unfortunately, the Department of Defense seems intent on circumventing this law." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Video: Republicans react to President's same-sex marriage decision, Lugar's Indiana loss. 9 May 2012. "Q: The president says he endorses and supports gay marriage. Do you? Stivers: You know, I believe marriage is between one man and one woman, but that's the president's choice to do what he thinks is right [¦] Q: You're saying that you don't agree with same-sex marriage, is that right? Stivers: Yes, sir." (video.msnbc.msn.com)
Vote Smart's Research
- Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Vote Smart's Research
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Protecting Social Security. 3 February 2012. "The promises made to our seniors must be promises kept, which is why I oppose privatizing social security and oppose raising the retirement age as a way of stretching benefits. We must find ways to reduce costs and improve the quality of services we provide to our seniors. The focus must be on efficiency and effectiveness, eliminating waste, fraud and abuse in the system, and providing our seniors with the benefits they have been promised." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. NBC 4, AARP 15th Congressional District Debate. 17 September 2008. "I'm opposed to privatization of the system: I think President Bush was wrong on that. I think we have to work together and stop politicalizing social security and Congress has to stop spending the money in the Social Security trust fund." (votesmart.org)
- Steve Stivers. Issue Position: Social Security. "The Social Security System is vital to our nation's seniors, and we must make certain that promises we made to seniors are promises kept. It is therefore imperative that that the system that has served the retirement and health needs of Americans so well for so many generations will be there for the next generation. In a survey, more young people expressed their belief in UFOs than believed that the Social Security system will be there for them upon retirement. We must prove them wrong. But it will require that lawmakers come together and work in a bipartisan manner - something that I've done throughout my career. I believe that Social Security faces significant and imminent dangers. Years ago, there were 42 workers paying into Social Security for every retiree receiving benefits. Today, there are 3.4 workers for every beneficiaryÂand as the 77 million baby boom generation retires, that ratio will continue to shrink. I opposed the President's Social Security plan. But I also know that it is reckless and irresponsible to ignore the issue - we cannot possibly begin to address the problems the system faces if we refuse to acknowledge that there is a problem. And every day we delay action on protecting Social Security, the more difficult finding a solution becomes." (votesmart.org)
- Official Position
Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
- Inferred Position
Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
- Unknown Position
Candidate refused to address this issue.
- Project Vote Smart's Research
Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.