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Paul W. Hodes

Paul Hodes' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Paul W. Hodes
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Peggo; 2 Children: Max, Ariana
Birth Date: 03/21/1951
Birth Place: New York, NY
Home City: Concord, NH
Religion: Jewish
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Paul Hodes refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election National Political Awareness Test. Checked in support of: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Issue Position: Women. "Fighting to protect a woman's right to choose. Paul supports a woman's right to choose and believes women and their doctors - not politicians - should be able to make medical decisions governing their bodies. In the Senate, Paul will always fight to uphold the rights guaranteed by Roe v. Wade. Paul believes abortion can be made rare by providing access to age appropriate comprehensive sex education and family planning programs." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election National Political Awareness Test. Responded NO to: "4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 11 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of the Club for Growth 12 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. News. 17 September 2010. "Last year, I voted against the Wall Street bailout because I didn't believe there was enough accountability and oversight of New Hampshire tax dollars. Instead of lending money to small businesses, Wall Street kept taxpayer dollars for big bonuses and business as usual. Just a few months ago, I introduced legislation that would end the bailout and use the remaining money to help pay down the deficit and put us back on the path to fiscal stability." (paulhodesforsenate.com)
  • Paul Hodes. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted NO on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Issue Position: Jobs and the Economy. "Worked to save thousands of jobs in New Hampshire. Paul worked with President Barack Obama to pass the largest economic recovery package in our nation's history. The plan helped save and create thousands of jobs throughout the Granite State including saving the jobs of New Hampshire teachers, cops, and firefighters...Fought against Wall Street Bailouts. Paul stood up and voted against the Wall Street bailout three times because it did not contain enough transparency and accountability to the taxpayers. He has fought against lavish executive compensation and worked to increase regulation on Wall Street." (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. The Economy. 2 April 2008. "'But we haven't been silent about it. Some of the things we have done, I am just going to talk really briefly, then hand it over to you, Mr. Klein, we took action. One of the things we did was we expanded affordable mortgage loan opportunities through the Federal Housing Administration for families who are in danger of losing their home by increasing the loan limits that the Federal Housing Authority administration could make to help with the fact that house prices have gone up. It's a very important part of the economic stimulus package which this Democratic Congress passed to put money into the hands of consumers through rebates that will come when people file their tax returns this year. Instant money. We address the housing piece, and we also helped small businesses in lots of significant ways. So we haven't been sitting around. We are working on helping people. That was just a one-time shot, a shot in the arm for the economy. We are going to do other things because this is really once in a lifetime, in some way, kind of a problem. People are using words like recession and other words like that. But as Mr. Klein said, let's just say that hard times are here. They are hard times that we haven't really had to face in this country in this way in a long, long, long time. And we are going to take action to make sure that we are helping squeezed middle-class families and hurting working families to get on their feet. We are going to offer a hand up. It's not going to be a handout, but it's going to be a hand up of the kind that the American people expect.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Paul W. Hodes. Hodes Statement On Voting Against Spending Wall Street Bailout Funds. 16 December 2009. "From the beginning, I have been opposed to the Wall Street bailouts. They have been ill-conceived and mismanaged, and must immediately end. It is time to put a permanent end to the Wall Street bailouts, and I believe that we must use these funds to pay down the national debt. Today's plan, while well intentioned, proposes spending the bailout funds - and I firmly believe this money must be used to reduce the national debt." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election National Political Awareness Test. Other: "We must protect Social Security and will have to explore a constructing of benefits to do so."
  • Paul Hodes. National Committee to Protect Social Security and Medicare Endorses Congressman Paul Hodes. 10 October 2008. "'Congressman Paul Hodes has stood firm against privatizing Social Security. . . .The government needs to stay out of the way and give citizens the opportunity to invest money that is rightfully theirs.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. National Committee to Protect Social Security and Medicare Endorses Congressman Paul Hodes. 10 October 2008. "Congressman Paul Hodes today received the endorsement from the Committee to Protect Social Security and Medicare. Former Connecticut Congresswoman and President for the National Committee to Protect Social Security and Medicare Barbara B. Kennelly appeared alongside Congressman Hodes to announce the endorsement. "I am honored to accept the endorsement from this group committed to protecting our seniors and their retirement security," Congressman Paul Hodes said. "We must do more to ensure Social Securities solvency by preventing raids from the Social Security Trust Fund." There are some Congressmen that are showhorses and some that are workhorses and Congressman Hodes is work horse who understands the challenges that are facing Social Security and Medicare," Barbara Kennelly, President of the National Committee to Protect Social Security and Medicare said. "We need to send him back to Congress to protect our seniors and Social Security and Medicare." Jennifer Horn has vocally supported privatizing Social Security with private accounts while Congressman Paul Hodes has stood firm against privatizing Social Security. During the primary, Horn said that Americans "must be given the option to invest their Social Security savings. The government needs to stay out of the way and give citizens the opportunity to invest money that is rightfully theirs."" (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election National Political Awareness Test. Checked in support of: "e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers. g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology). k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions. l) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college. m) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college. n) Other or expanded principles." Other: "No Child Left Behind should be revised, fully funded or repealed."
  • Keefe, Jennifer. 2010. Foster's Daily Democrat: Crowded GOP Primary Race for U.S. Senate Seats: Hodes Lone Democrat. 25 August 2010. "He opposes No Child Left Behind and recommends 'fix it, fund it, or forget it.'" (www.fosters.com)
  • Paul Hodes. Issue Position: Education. "Reforming No Child Left Behind. Paul believes that we should either fund NCLB or we should end it. He also believes that every local school district faces its own unique challenges and successes. Federal education policies should reflect that reality. No Child Left Behind imposed requirements on hundreds of New Hampshire public schools without providing the funding necessary to meet the strict goals the law imposed. The law also compromises local control of schools, forces teachers to teach to tests and is punitive. Paul believes in teacher accountability but knows there are better ways to hold teachers accountable for student performance and better ways to assess student progress than NCLB. In the Senate, Paul Hodes will work tirelessly to help reform education, promote high student achievement and teacher accountability while ensuring appropriate investment in New Hampshire schools without imposing burdensome, unfunded mandates." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test. Checked in support of: "a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act. b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act. g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles. i) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution. k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits. l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted YES on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. News. 17 September 2010. "Protecting our Seacoast environment is not only the right thing to do - it's absolutely essential to the health of our fishing and tourism industries, our jobs and our way of life in New Hampshire. While I was there, I reaffirmed my support for President Obama's moratorium on new, deep-water drilling offshore. I believe that we should not allow oil companies to start more offshore wells until we know that there are comprehensive safeguards in place to protect our environment, our workers and our local economies. I also made the Granite State a promise. As your United States senator, I will never support drilling off the shores of New England - period. I challenged my opponents in this race to join me in standing up to big oil companies and opposing drilling off the Granite State coast." (paulhodesforsenate.com)
  • Paul Hodes. Hodes Votes for Landmark Change in U.S. Energy Policy. 18 December 2007. "The overall legislation is projected to cut U.S. oil consumption by more than 4 million barrels per day by 2030, which amounts to more than twice our current daily imports of foreign oil. "Energy security and global warming are two issues that the people of New Hampshire take very seriously," Congressman Hodes said. "This is the first piece of major environmental and energy legislation in a generation set to become law. Although it is not perfect, this bill is a major step forward; it is critical to our national security and to combating global warming." (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Issue Position: Energy and the Environment. "Worked to increase CAFE standards. Paul voted to raise the CAFE standards for cars, SUVs, work trucks, and medium and heavy duty trucks to 35 miles per gallon by 2020.c" (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test. Checked in support of: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns. e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns. f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns. g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows. i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities."
  • Paul Hodes. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted YES on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Paul Hodes a grade of C. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "National Rifle Association gave Paul Hodes a grade of A-, in its scorecard for candidates seeking office in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Congressman Paul Hodes Votes to Protect Second Amendment Rights. 17 September 2008. "Today, Congressman Paul Hodes voted to uphold the Second Amendment rights of gun owners in our nation's capital and across the country. Congressman Hodes voted for the Childers Amendment to HR 6842 that will expand Second Amendment rights in our nation's capitol and honor the Supreme Court decision that guarantees every American the right to bear arms. Congressman Hodes signed an amicus brief in support of the landmark Heller decision and is an ardent supporter of the Second Amendment. 'Granite Staters have a long tradition of responsible gun ownership and sportsmen's rights,' Congressman Paul Hodes said. 'The Supreme Court's decision in the case of District of Columbia v. Heller affirmed these rights by striking down the DC ban on handguns. I was proud to sign an amicus brief in support of this landmark decision. This amendment will prevent the federal government or any government entity from excessively regulating firearm ownership and infringing on our civil liberties. Today's vote honors New Hampshire's longstanding tradition of firearm ownership and prevents the government from taking away our cherished rights.'" (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election National Political Awareness Test. Checked in support of: "g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare. h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans. i) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage. j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid. k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare."
  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Health Care Reform. 6 October 2009. "It's the security of knowing that if a small business can't find private insurance that they like--and, by the way, what's really critical to say is if people like their insurance, there is nothing in this bill, nothing that says you've got to give up your insurance. You keep your insurance if you like it. But if you don't, you have the option. You have a choice and the security of knowing that there is a consumer choice provision. It's called public option, consumer choice, available to you that will insure you on a level playing field with competitive provisions and competitive costs that means you will be able to find insurance. That's what is critical." (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Issue Position: Health Care. "Supports comprehensive health care reform. Paul supports President Obama in making health care affordable for every American family. He supports a public option for health insurance and sponsored legislation that would help small businesses afford quality health care for their employees. If you like your current insurance - and your current physician - you should be able to keep them. And if you lose your job, you shouldn't lose your health care too." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election National Political Awareness Test. Other: "I support strict enforcement of existing immigration laws."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 15 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 60 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Nashua Telegraph - Hodes Says He Did Homework On Bailout. 15 October 2008. "HODES ON THE ISSUES: IMMIGRATION: Wants to strengthen patrols at the U.S.-Mexico border and give immigration officials more intelligence tools. He believes government agencies should better share information to curb illegal immigration." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Paul Hodes supported the interests of Peace Action West 46 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Hodes' Statement on President Obama's Speech at West Point. 1 December 2009. "It was clear from the President's speech this evening that he has consulted closely with our military leaders and approached our future plan in with deliberation and thoughtfulness. Before we send our armed forces into harm's way we must clearly define an achievable military mission, within the context of an achievable broader strategic plan, set benchmarks to measure progress, and have a clear exit strategy. This is especially true in the complex situation in and the region. Going after the terrorists who attacked our country on September 11 was the right thing to do, but it was never meant to be an open-ended commitment. In the coming weeks, as we deliberate the proposed deployment of troops and resources, I will examine the full details and exercise independent judgment and oversight in considering the plan. Protecting our national security in a dangerous world is my highest priority, and it is important for our country and our brave troops that we get this right." (hodes.house.gov)
  • Paul Hodes. Press Releases. 20 September 2010. "'We cannot get caught in another war without end,' Congressman Paul Hodes said. 'I am a strong proponent of the Powell Doctrine that says we must always have an exit strategy in hand. Learning the lessons of Vietnam and Iraq means that we must have a viable exit strategy in hand so we don't put our troops in another long-term quagmire. I have always said the mission in Afghanistan is critical to our fight against the terrorists. Achieving our benchmarks and goals are critical to that fight. The war in Afghanistan should have been our focus for years, but now that it is again our focus, we should not let the mistakes of Iraq fall upon this mission. An exit strategy will help us fulfill our mission and bring our troops home as safely and swiftly as possible.'" (hodes.house.gov)
  • Paul Hodes. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted NO on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Paul Hodes voted YES on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Issue Position: Foreign Policy. "Ensuring Accountability in Afghanistan. Paul Hodes believes we must continue our efforts to defeat al Qaeda and stand up to those who harbor and support terrorists. He currently supports the President's plan in Afghanistan. Paul will work diligently to hold the administration and the Karzai government accountable to ensure they maintain a plan for success and a timeline for the withdrawal of US troops. He knows that we cannot succeed in resolving the complex problems in the region without the assistance of the Afghan people and the Pakistani government. Safety and security in the region cannot be achieved through military means alone but as long as our troops are stationed in Afghanistan, Paul remains committed to ensuring they have the equipment and resources they need to ensure their safety and success." (votesmart.org)
  • Paul Hodes. Congressman Paul Hodes' Statement on the President's Decision to Send Additional Troops to Afghanistan. 8 January 2010. "'Since Al Qaeda attacked our country on September 11, 2001, it is clear that we have needed to use all our combined efforts--military, diplomatic, intelligence, law enforcement and economic--to relentlessly focus our efforts to disrupt and defeat those who threaten our national security. The situation in the Afghan region is complex. Committing more troops to Afghanistan is an incredibly tough and important decision, as we have our young New Hampshire men and women putting their lives on the line. In the past few weeks, I've reviewed numerous documents and opinions, spoken with a variety of experts at the State Department, the Department of Defense, and our veterans here in New Hampshire. I have concluded that the President's plan is the best course forward at this point. The President's plan will help us to keep up the pressure on Al Qaeda--which continues to plot attacks on our country and our citizens abroad--and to deny them safe haven in Afghanistan. The President's plan also gives us the best chance to improve the security situation in Afghanistan and, importantly, to begin to withdraw our troops in eighteen months. The President's plan, limited in scope and in time, meets the criteria which I believe must be met before we commit our brave troops; a national security imperative, clearly defined mission, reasonable benchmarks, and a clear exit strategy.'" (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul W. Hodes. 2004. Congressional Election National Political Awareness Test. Responded YES to: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Responded NO to: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Paul Hodes. News. 17 September 2010. "'What I've said quite recently is that I believe that we all come from the same place,' Hodes said. 'Everybody should have the same rights under the law without any discrimination. And I have said that I support repeal of the defense of marriage act here at the federal level.' But he declined to say whether he believes the 'equal rights' maxim is satisfied by the state's civil unions law, a question that has been the subject of fierce debate. 'I really don't want to impose myself on that,' he said. 'You could ask me this question 47 ways. . . . Come and talk to me after the legislators and the governor have finished their work.'" (paulhodesforsenate.com)
  • Johnson, Chris. 2010. Washington Blade: N.H. Senate Candidate Calls for an End to DOMA. 2 August 2010. "A New Hampshire Democratic candidate in a competitive race for a U.S. Senate seat on Friday forcefully called on Congress to repeal the Defense of Marriage Act. Rep. Paul Hodes (D-N.H.), who's running to succeed retiring U.S. Sen. Judd Gregg (R-N.H.), spoke out against DOMA during a dinner speech at the National Stonewall Democrats biennial convention. 'We have to end D-O-M-A!' he shouted. 'Time to put it away!' Hodes has been in favor of repealing DOMA for some time. He's a co-sponsor of the Respect for Marriage Act - a bill in the U.S. House that would overturn DOMA." (www.washingtonblade.com)
  • Paul Hodes. Equality. 17 September 2010. "Supports marriage equality. Paul celebrated the enactment of New Hampshire's marriage equality law. In 2009, Paul cheered the passage of legislation allowing marriage equality in New Hampshire: 'I am pleased with the result reached by our Legislature and Governor. This legislation will ensure that all Granite-Staters have equal rights under the law.' Paul continued, 'This law is consistent with the spirit of New Hampshire expressed in our state motto, 'Live Free or Die.'' . . . Will push to repeal the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA). Paul is a leader in the fight to repeal the Defense of Marriage Act, which places a federal ban on gay marriage: "I'm unequivocal about my stand on repealing the Defense of Marriage Act. We all come from the same place. It's time to put an end to discrimination in this country." (paulhodesforsenate.com)
  • Paul Hodes. Congressman Paul Hodes' Statement On The Passage Of New Hampshire's Same-Sex Marriage Law. 3 June 2009. "Congressman Paul Hodes released the following statement on the passage by the New Hampshire General Court of a law permitting same sex couples to marry."I am pleased with the result reached by our legislature and Governor. This legislation will ensure that all Granite Staters have equal rights under the law. It gives legal protection to religious institutions and organizations. And the law is consistent with the spirit of New Hampshire expressed in our state motto ‘Live Free or Die.' At times the legislative process on this bill appeared difficult, but the outcome it produced was the right one for equality and justice for New Hampshire residents. I will continue to work in Washington for those same principles."" (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Budget Priorities
Greatly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Slightly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Greatly Increasef) Homeland security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Slightly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medical research
Maintain Statusj) National parks
Slightly Increasek) Public health services
Maintain Statusl) Scientific research
Greatly Decreasem) Space exploration programs
Maintain Statusn) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Decreaseo) Welfare
Greatly Decreasep) Other or expanded categories

corporate welfare

Defense Spending
Greatly Increasea) Armed Forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Eliminatee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
Greatly Decreasej) Other or expanded categories

outside military contractors

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Eliminatea) Less than $25,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000-$150,000
Slightly Increased) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Retiree Income
Maintain Statusf) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xb) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Noh) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Noi) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
Nok) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xj) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
Xk) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xm) Other or expanded principles

Congress should revise federal sentencing guidelines to encourage uniformity without usurping the role of the judiciary in fashioning appropriate sentences.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Xd) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
Xe) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xk) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xl) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
Xn) Other or expanded principles

No Child Left Behind should be revised, fully funded or repealed.

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
Xi) Other or expanded principles

Congress should find ways to revise and reduce regulation whenever possible.

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
Xa) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xc) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
Xd) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xg) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xk) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xl) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
Xi) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xg) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xh) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
Xi) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xj) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xk) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xm) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

I support strict enforcement of existing immigration laws.

International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Noc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

We must start by rebuilding our alliances in order to internationalize the effort. We should begin that process by opening up the contracts beyond Haliburton. We must accelerate the employment of Iraquis to rebuild their own country. This will provide Iraqis with greater economic opportunities to ensure that they are more deeply invested in the success of their country.

e) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Nob) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Noc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Undecidedb) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Undecidedc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles

The US should work to increase the efficincy of the UN. This includes revising membership on the Security Council to more accurately reflect current global population and power.

Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Undecided1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

I would not support NAFTA unless it was revised to include labor and environmental standards that level the playing field.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Noc) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

The US has the right to take any and all reasonable action to defend our citizens against imminent threats or to prevent imminent humanitarian catastrophies.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
Xg) Other of expanded principles

We must protect Social Security and will have to explore a constructing of benefits to do so.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xh) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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