Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Leonard Boswell refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Family Research Council 6 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 86 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Leonard Boswell a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Leonard Boswell. No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act. 4 May 2011. “This legislation says that a woman--with her own money--cannot have comprehensive health insurance without a penalty. It creates a new barrier to access to care, and puts in place a system of discrimination, backed by statute in the United States Tax Code. For my colleagues who argue that this is to reduce the rate of abortion services, it will not. The facts show otherwise. Access to family planning services is what reduces the need for abortion services. It is family planning services that have proven to cut the rate of abortion by more than 200,000 per year and reduce unintended pregnancies by more than 600,000 per year. This bill was titled the 'No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act,' but it reads more like a 'Tax our Daughters Act.'” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Votes to Protect Comprehensive Health Services for Iowa's Women. 4 May 2011. “I voted against H.R. 3 today because this bill circumvents the very discrimination we stopped, and directs the Internal Revenue Service to tax a woman based on her health needs and desire to purchase comprehensive health insurance. This is not about spending taxpayer dollars on abortion. This is about forcing a woman to pay a fine for choosing an insurance plan that would cover the procedure and taxing small businesses for offering such a plan. We should be focused on making abortion less necessary, not more dangerous and difficult.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Releases Statement On President Obama's Plan For Afghanistan. 1 December 2009. “I am pleased that the President has made it clear that U.S. involvement in Afghanistan will not be an open-ended nation building exercise. The 18-month timeline is targeted to allow U.S. and NATO forces to expand and better train the Afghan armed forces to deal with insurgents and Al Qaeda and require the Afghan government to meet benchmarks along the way. The President has also promised a larger civilian training component to target corruption and improve governance in the Afghan government. I am proud of the troops who have served and continue to serve abroad and at home, and my heart goes out to their loved ones. There are no easy solutions in war, but President Obama's plan provides a clear strategy to transfer control to Afghan forces and to bring our men and women home." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Statement of Congressman Leonard Boswell on the State of the Union Address. 23 January 2007. "Finally, I heard no plan to bring the troops home from Iraq. I personally have tremendous support for our military serving in Iraq and Afghanistan; however, we cannot continue down this road. We need a workable strategy to bring the troops home." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Video: YouTube Town Hall: Strategy for Afghanistan. 8 May 2011. “After returning from this fact-finding mission, I support the president in drawing down U.S. Troops in [Afghanistan] no later than this July. Our primary objective when we entered Afghanistan was to hunt down the terrorists responsible for murdering thousands of innocent Americans on 9/11. This week's announcement of the success for pursuit and resulting death of Osama Bin Laden solidified my support for a responsible draw-down of U.S. Troops in Afghanistan.” (youtu.be)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Releases Statement on Troop Withdrawal. 21 October 2011. “This announcement is welcomed news. Our troops have served honorably and heroically over these years at great cost of lives, however there is little more to be gained by their presence in Iraq. It is time for the Iraqi people to hold each other accountable for their future and success. We must now work towards this end in Afghanistan as soon as possible.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Peace Action 38 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of Peace Action West 38 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Medium Priority" for: "Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus. a) Defense"
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. YouTube Town Hall: Strategy for Afghanistan. 8 May 2011. “America can no longer afford the financial and human force of a combat mission in Afghanistan that has no end in sight. Downsizing the U.S. Role to solely our partnership with NATO will reduce our financial burden tenfold and free up resources to track terrorist threats in other nations.” (youtu.be)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Video: Boswell Offers Amendment to Protect Seniors. 2 February 2012. “Last year, we were promised legislation that would fuel job growth; we ended up with a budget that would pay for a tax break for the wealthy by dismantling Medicare.” (youtu.be)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Statement on House Republican Budget Vote. 29 March 2012. "Today, House Republicans voted against our seniors and the backbone of our country -- the middle class. This extreme budget from House Republicans ends the Medicare guarantee, increasing seniors' out-of-pocket costs by nearly $6,000; cuts a staggering $810 billion over 10 years from Medicaid, destroys millions of American jobs, robs our future generations of educational opportunities, all while giving a massive tax breaks to millionaires and billionaires. I instead supported a commonsense, balanced approach which reduces the debt, protects Medicare, invests in America's future by creating jobs and strengthens the middle class. The Ryan Republican budget passed out of the House does nothing but give tax breaks to the very wealthy at the expense of hardworking Americans and seniors." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. A Government That Works. 12 April 2011. “Congressman Bedell writes that corporations and the richest Americans need to properly contribute to the government through taxes that are relevant to their wealth. For me, this means eliminating billions a year in subsidies to multibillion-dollar oil and gas companies; it means ending mortgage deductions for vacation homes and yachts that cost taxpayers billions a year in lost revenue; it means ending the Bush-era tax cuts for the wealthiest 2 percent to increase our revenue by more than $40 billion a year.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Releases Statement Following President Obama's Address on Jobs. 8 September 2011. "In order to invest in job creation, Washington must get on the same page as the rest of America and stop putting corporations and special interests above everyday workers and small businesses. It is clear to most Americans that oil companies are doing just fine without the taxpayer's help. It is clear to most Americans that Bill Gates and Warren Buffet can afford to pay the same percentage of payroll taxes that their own secretaries pay. It is clear to most Americans that our nation will never recover if the federal government keeps offering tax breaks to companies that outsource U.S. jobs. Let's redirect the taxpayer dollars that fund these luxury handouts and corporate incentives to put Iowans back to work, repair our roads and bridges, update our public buildings, and get Americans making things again. I look forward to the hard work ahead." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 67 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 7 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Congressman Boswell speaking on the House floor March 16, 2011. 17 March 2011. “Republicans have put forth a bill that again forces our middle class and our working families to sacrifice, sacrifice, and sacrifice so they can continue the give aways for big oil, millionaires, and corporations that outsource American jobs.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Leonard Boswell. Twitter: @LeonardBoswell. 15 April 2011. “Standing up for Medicare, refuse to shift costs to seniors to keep paying out $$ to oil gas execs and top 2 percent.” (twitter.com)
  • Leonard Boswell. Twitter: @LeonardBoswell. 5 April 2011. “Republicans' budget destroys Medicare as we know it, guts education $ to give tax breaks to corporations, super rich.” (twitter.com)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Show Me the Money: Boswell Launches Interactive Web Map Detailing Stimulus Funding For Iowa's Third District. 5 June 2009. “Des Moines Congressman Leonard Boswell today unveiled an interactive map on his congressional website to showcase how the federal stimulus package is impacting Iowa's third congressional district. 'My goal is to create jobs and put Iowans to work during this tough time. I hope my friends in Iowa will take the time to look at this interactive map to see the impact our efforts in Washington are having back home. Our continued efforts will help save teachers jobs, secure training and financial assistance for unemployed Iowans, deliver the means for affordable housing and provide a significant boost to local job creation efforts.'” (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Leonard Boswell a rating of 5 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Hearing of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee: Investing in Infrastructure: the Road to Recovery. 29 October 2008. “Something that you and I have discussed at some length over the last several months is a stimulus. Where better than the roads and infrastructure? We've got to do it anyway. We have to do it. It must be done, and much has been said. I would just echo this: good-paying jobs that can be explored, a dollar spent in the community -- all your communities is going to turn at least three times, maybe seven -- that's stimulus, and we have to do it anyway. So it's very, very important.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Announces Iowa Continues To Rank 2nd In Nation For Implementing Its Highway Stimulus Dollars. 30 September 2009. “This month's Committee report has shown how investing in infrastructure can create jobs. Since the last report came out in August, more than 1,400 jobs have been added and 22 projects have started in the state. These are federal stimulus dollars at work for Iowans and are just a down payment on the future infrastructure investment that will be in the upcoming highway bill.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Announces $72 Million for Affordable Housing in Iowa. 4 June 2009. “Des Moines Congressman Leonard Boswell announced today the Iowa Finance Authority has been issued $72 million to spur development of affordable housing units in Iowa. This funding was a critical component of the federal stimulus package. 'This funding will go a long way toward stabilizing our housing market and creating jobs in Iowa. My primary focus has been putting Iowans to work and I am pleased that this funding will accomplish that goal as well as increase the availability and affordability of housing for families.'” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Tax Benefits In The Stimulus Plan. 23 March 2009. “The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (the Stimulus Plan) is the first step in jumpstarting our economy by helping save jobs and strengthening the middle class.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Releases Statement on President Barack Obama's State of the Union Address. 25 January 2011. "President Obama's remarks laid out a blueprint for how our country can move forward together to create jobs, grow the middle class, and reduce the deficit. I appreciate that the President has directed Congress to focus on the number one issue on every Iowan's mind -- job creation and the economy -- and highlighted ways that we can do that such as rebuilding our nation's infrastructure, investing in Iowa's energy industry, building American goods with American hands, and helping more students go to college. This is crucial to making our nation competitive with the rest of world." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Statement on Passage of Hire Heroes Act. 16 November 2011. “This is a great step towards supporting our veterans, especially those returning from their service overseas. This measure will not only benefit them but also our small businesses by providing incentives when hiring an unemployed veteran.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: Economic Recovery. 1 January 2011. “In the 112th Congress, we must return to the foundation of this great nation which is building American goods with American hands. I will continue to support tax credits for Iowa's small businesses, incentives for Iowa's renewable energy industry, and measures that protect American jobs from being outsourced.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: Responsible Tax Cuts. 26 September 2011. “Boswell is a longtime supporter of the R&D tax credit that provides Iowa businesses with the tools to invest and create innovative technologies and products that creates and maintains jobs in Iowa.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: The Economy. 26 September 2011. “Boswell will continue to fight for tax credits that relieve financial burdens on the middle class; encourage small businesses to grow and hire new workers; and grow Iowa's key industries. In addition to these tax incentives, Boswell supports additional funding to maintain Iowa's high-quality education system, and allocating federal dollars to improve the state's roads and infrastructure.” (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: Education. 26 September 2011. “Congressman Boswell believes that every American should have the opportunity to acquire a first-rate education and that every child deserves to go to school in a safe, constructive learning environment. Education has always been his number one priority […] Congressman Boswell also understands that No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is not working for many students, schools, and communities. Boswell strongly supports making substantial changes to elementary and secondary education policies in order to address the problems faced under NCLB, provide schools with the resources they need to succeed, and improve our children's education.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: Education. 1 January 2011. “Our children deserve the very best, that is why I support making improvements to No Child Left Behind (NCLB). It is evident that this well-intentioned bill is not working in many of our communities, and our children are paying the price. I am committed to working with my colleagues in the 112th Congress to make sure our schools have the resources they need to provide our children with talented teachers, bring our children face-to-face with technology, and modernize our institutions. By making real investments in education we can secure more stable futures for Americans and provide all with the ability to contribute to our rich society.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Iowa Congressional Delegation Upset with U.S. Department of Education. 15 June 2006. “It is clear that Iowa has acted in good faith in its efforts to comply with the No Child Left Behind Amendments in developing an evaluation that accurately measures whether teachers are ready to receive their licenses. Over a year ago, you announced a 'new path for No Child Left Behind' whereby states that show results and follow the principle of NCLB will be granted flexibility to meet the goals of the law in innovative ways. This appears to be a prime candidate for such a cooperative approach. It is our hope that as Iowa moves forward both with its interim plan of testing its teachers and with its long-term development of IDESTE, that the Department provides the support and assistance to ensure this process is a success for Iowa teachers and students.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: The Economy. 26 September 2011. “Boswell will continue to fight for tax credits that relieve financial burdens on the middle class; encourage small businesses to grow and hire new workers; and grow Iowa's key industries. In addition to these tax incentives, Boswell supports additional funding to maintain Iowa's high-quality education system, and allocating federal dollars to improve the state's roads and infrastructure.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "State" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Supports Pragmatic Energy Solutions. 31 March 2010. "To meet America's energy needs and reduce our dependence on foreign oil, we must employ a diversity of domestic production methods and sources. The President's announcement today to allow oil and gas drilling off the eastern seaboard and other targeted coastal areas represents our country's pragmatic and comprehensive approach to energy production." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Announces Bipartisan Plan to Create Jobs, Increase Energy Independence. 12 May 2011. “The Infrastructure Jobs and Energy Independence Act harnesses America's vast natural resources by allowing the safe, responsible expansion of offshore oil and gas exploration. The legislation dedicates the $2.2 to $3.7 trillion in new federal revenues from offshore energy production to create jobs, cut the deficit, invest in clean coal and nuclear technology, clean up our environment, increase renewable and alternative energy sources, and rebuild our crumbling highways and bridges. The only bipartisan plan introduced in the House, it will create 1.2 million new jobs annually and $8 trillion in economic output without raising taxes.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Letter to Speaker Boehner, Leader Pelosi, Leader Cantor and Whip Hoyer. 7 December 2011. “We write to urge extension of the highly successful grant program for specified energy property in lieu of tax credits (the "1603 Treasury Grant Program") before it expires on December 31, 2011. Since enactment, this program has leveraged more than $22.8 billion in private sector investment for 22,000 projects across the clean energy industry, including solar, wind, biomass, fuel cells, combined heat-and-power, and hydro, in all 50 states. Extension of this successful and effective program will create jobs, spur economic growth, and promote private sector development of clean energy technologies. Prior to the 2008 financial crisis, clean energy project developers primarily relied on tax equity partnerships with investors to utilize clean energy tax incentives. Since 2008, however, the availability of tax equity declined dramatically. According to a report issued by the Bipartisan Policy Center in March 2011, the number of tax equity investors shrunk by nearly half, with associated tax equity financing tumbling over 80 percent from $6.1 billion in 2007 to $1.2 billion in 2009. This decline severely limited the financing available for energy projects. Congress enacted the 1603 Treasury Grant Program to restore the availability of financing for renewable energy projects and to create domestic jobs in a hard hit sector of the economy. Under the program, developers receive a federal grant in lieu of the tax credit--changing the timing of when the energy incentive can be claimed. This change in timing, however, provides the liquidity and funding needed to develop domestic energy projects. As a result, the program underpinned strong growth in the renewable energy sector during the current economic downturn. Despite some improvement, the tax equity market is still unable to support the clean energy industry adequately. In July 2011, the U.S. Partnership for Renewable Energy Finance surveyed tax equity investors and found that expiration of the program would shrink the total financing available for renewable energy projects by 52 percent in 2012. Allowing the 1603 Treasury Grant Program to lapse would eliminate tens of thousands of jobs across all clean energy industries. Given the program's importance, as well as its proven record of success, we urge you to include its extension in any year-end legislation considered by the House.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: The Environment. 1 January 2012. ”As a strong champion of the environment Congressman Boswell supports the Climate Stewardship Act and the Safe Climate Act. Both pieces of legislation would provide an excellent path to encourage the development of emissions and energy technologies that will help reduce pollutants in the air, and will take steps to begin to reverse the effects of global climate change.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Leonard Boswell in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Leonard Boswell in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Leonard Boswell in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Twitter: @LeonardBoswell. 26 June 2009. “We are working hard to improve & pass an Energy/global warm. bill. We claim some success and plan to vote for it. See next.” (twitter.com)
  • Leonard Boswell. American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009. 26 June 2009. “I would also like to take a moment to talk about another amendment I tried to offer. My amendment would have provided a government backed loan guarantee for the construction of a renewable fuel pipeline. Transporting fuels by rail and truck has higher energy input requirements and much higher greenhouse gas emissions. CO2 emissions are reduced by 30 percent when comparing liquid fuel transported by pipelines vs. railcars and 87 percent when comparing pipelines to trucks.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Celebrating Earth Day 2008, Boswell Introduced Bill to Fight Climate Change. 22 April 2008. “Everyone can do their part to combat global warming. This legislation encourages people to act, and gives individuals, farmers, and industry the tools to promote a healthier tomorrow.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Harkin, Boswell Comment on DOE Study on Biofuels' Pipelines. 19 July 2010. “The DOE's study findings prove that not only is a renewable fuel pipeline feasible, but it would have important benefits to Iowa and the country as a whole. In addition to reducing greenhouse gases emitted during truck and rail transport of biofuels, it would also reduce the overall cost of these renewable fuels to consumers outside of the Midwest. This would create a greater demand and bolster the renewable fuel industry in Iowa. A renewable fuel pipeline not only creates jobs, but it helps our rural communities thrive.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. National Public Health Week. 8 April 2008. “This heightened state of public awareness has led to calls across the country for a new emphasis on reducing the amount of greenhouse gases that are expelled into the atmosphere by finding new, cleaner sources of energy, reducing our consumption of natural resources, and using energy-efficient products. In my home State of Iowa we are working hard to find new and innovative ways to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases produced. […] These efforts must be replicated across the country and around the world if we are to curb the emission of greenhouse gases and protect our planet for future generations.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. The Boswell Brief: Earth Day. 22 April 2009. “Freedom from foreign oil won't only reduce our nation's carbon footprint - it will improve our national security and contribute to long-lasting economic prosperity. To aid in this effort, I am sponsoring H.R. 864, the Renewable Fuel Pipeline Act, which would help facilitate the transport of ethanol fuel from its production centers in the Midwest and Great Plains regions to population centers on the East and West Coasts. The construction of renewable fuel pipelines would further the green energy movement and create thousands of well-paying, non-exportable jobs.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Leonard Boswell in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 33 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Leonard Boswell a grade of 55." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Leonard Boswell voted Did Not Vote on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Rehberg Fights to Protect Veterans from Federal Gun Control Prosecution. 27 January 2011. “Having served more than twenty years in the U.S. Army, I know that many service members, myself included, bring home relics and souvenirs from their tours of duty. Often times, a firearm from a tour becomes a family heirloom to a relative who doesn't realize it should be registered with the National Firearms Act. We should give these veterans, service members and their families an opportunity to openly register these firearms without penalty.” (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Letter to Speaker Boehner. 1 November 2011. “While not all policy riders are objectionable, many of those included this year are not only controversial but blatantly partisan. Included riders would block the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, roll back important clean air and clean water protections, and place new restrictions on women's access to a full range of medical and health services, among others.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Briefing: Medicare Open Enrollment and COLA. 24 October 2011. “I supported the Affordable Care Act which is now beingimplemented to strengthen the program and ease restrictions on the various options seniors will have.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Congressman Boswell Announces Impact of Patients' Rights Repeal Act on Iowans in the 3rd District. 18 January 2011. "Going into the 112th Congress, my number-one priority is creating real jobs for real Iowans, but instead, the House will be voting to take a step backward this week and to repeal a number of consumer protections and insurance company reforms passed in the Affordable Care Act. Under repeal, Iowa's families, seniors, and workers will lose rights that protect them from insurance company abuses and give them more freedom and control over their health care choices. Repeal may also have severe repercussions on our economy, which has seen an average of 20,000 private sector jobs added each month in the health care industry since the passage of health care reform. Iowans cannot afford the cost of repeal.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Issue Position: Health Care. 1 January 2011. “During the 111th Congress, I supported the Affordable Care Act in a major step forward toward making health insurance more affordable, accessible, and stable for Iowa's families, small businesses owners, and seniors. After years of fighting for a health care system that puts patients before profits, this legislation begins to level the playing field for all Iowans by holding the health insurance industry accountable and preventing denials of care and coverage, including for preexisting conditions.” (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 33 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 20 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 55 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 81 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 42 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Family Research Council 28 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Leonard Boswell voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Leonard Boswell voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Leonard Boswell. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Iowa Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Leonard Boswell supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Briefing: Fighting for American Workers on Labor Day. 29 August 2011. “Right now, American workers and middle class families are being held hostage by Republicans who are prioritizing luxury tax breaks and corporate subsidies above job creation and safety net programs like Medicare and Social Security.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Letter to Fellow Iowan. 13 January 2012. “I understand our folks are hurting, and that's why Congress needs to act now to make sure the existing payroll tax cut doesn't expire at the end of the year. If the majority party continues to block a vote on the Middle Class Tax Cut Act of 2011, virtually every American worker will see their taxes go up at the end of the month -- by $1,000 for the typical family. […] Specifically, the Middle Class Tax Cut Act of 2011 would: […] Protects Social Security by requiring that the Social Security Trust Fund be made whole through transfers from the General Fund.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama. 15 July 2011. “The Congressional Task Force on Seniors is committed to protecting the financial security, health, and well-being of America's seniors. As members of the Task Force, we want to thank you for your leadership in fighting for those priorities and urge you to continue to oppose harmful cuts, or reductions in benefits, to programs that benefit older Americans, specifically in Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security. At a time when older Americans are less secure in their retirement and less able to afford quality health services, now is not the time to cut their benefits.” (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Boswell Signs "Golden Promise" Pledge to Protect Social Security and Stop Privatization. 7 September 2006. "To me, Social Security is a trust between the workers of this great nation and our government and I, for one, will do everything I can to ensure that trust is not broken. I will not support any risky privatization scheme that that will jeopardize the solvency of the program." (votesmart.org)
  • Leonard Boswell. Congressman Leonard Boswell's Statement on the President's Fiscal Year 2008 Budget. 5 February 2007. "This budget represents more of the same misguided priorities. It cuts Medicare and Medicaid significantly, and once again the president is pursuing privatizing Social Security, a course the American people have soundly rejected." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Congressional Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legally available.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles

Budgetary Priorities

Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Slightly Increase Fundinga) Agricultural
Slightly Increase Fundingb) Arts
Slightly Increase Fundingc) Defense
Slightly Increase Fundingd) Education
Maintain Funding Statuse) Environmental
Maintain Funding Statusf) International Aid
Slightly Increase Fundingg) Law Enforcement
Slightly Increase Fundingh) Medical Research
Maintain Funding Statusi) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Maintain Funding Statusj) National Parks
Slightly Increase Fundingk) Public Health Services
Slightly Increase Fundingl) Scientific Research
Slightly Increase Fundingm) Terrorism Prevention
Maintain Funding Statusn) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
Maintain Funding Statuso) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number per category.

Slightly Increase Fundinga) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increase Fundingb) Covert intelligence operations
Slightly Increase Fundingc) Military hardware
Slightly Increase Fundingd) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Funding Statuse) National Missile Defense Program
Slightly Increase Fundingf) Programs to improve military retention rates
Slightly Increase Fundingg) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increase Fundingh) Troop and equipment readiness
i) Other or expanded categories

Taxes

Using the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax.

Income Taxes - Family Income

Slightly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000 - $75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000 - $150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

Income Taxes - Retiree Income

Slightly Decreasef) Over $40, 000
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes

Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits

Slightly Increasea) Charitable deductions
Slightly Increaseb) Medical expense deductions
Maintain Statusc) Mortgage deductions
Slightly Increased) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasee) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increasef) Student loan tax credit
g) Other or expanded categories

Taxes

Yes2) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No3) Would you use Social Security surpluses to balance the budget?
4) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and governmental reform issues.

a) Support public taxpayer funding for congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xe) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xf) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
Xg) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
h) Remove all contribution limits to federal candidates and parties.
i) Require congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
j) Require that unions give members the option of not having membership dues used for political purposes.
Nok) Support the federal government mandate that creates national voting system standards.
Yesl) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms that members of Congress can serve?
Nom) Do you support voting on-line?
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xf) Increase funding for community policing programs.
g) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
Xj) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xk) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.

Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
d) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.

a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xe) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
Xh) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
Xj) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xk) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
e) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
f) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xh) Considering race and gender in government contracting decisions is appropriate for the federal government.
Xi) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
Xj) Continue federal affirmative action programs.
k) Discontinue federal affirmative action programs.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.

Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
Xe) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
Xf) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Provide tax credits for state and local bonds to preserve open spaces, build parks, improve water quality and redevelop brownfields.
i) Support the National Forest Protection and Restoration Act prohibiting commercial logging in our national forests.
j) Provide states and local communities with more flexibility to address their respective environmental problems.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xe) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
Xf) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xg) Increase research funding of the human genome to find cures for diseases such as cancer, AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
Xh) Increase federal funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
i) Prohibit the procedure of cloning human embryos.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
c) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
Xd) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
e) Establish English as the official U.S. language.
Xf) Collect fingerprint data from all U.S. visa applicants which would be accessible to all federal immigration-related agencies.
g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S.
h) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U. S. economic assistance.

Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
Xc) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
f) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

a) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
b) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
c) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
d) The U.S. should support the formation of a Palestinian state.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.

a) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
d) Other or expanded principles
No3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
No4) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Yes5) Should the U.S. increase its financial support to Colombia for the "war on drugs?"
Yes6) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No7) Do you support the recent withdrawal of the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in order to deploy a national missile defense system?
Yes8) Should the U.S. hold nations accountable for terrorists who operate from their country?
9) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Yes5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) trading status with the United States? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No6) Should the President have "fast-track" authority to negotiate trade agreements?
No7) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
8) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes1. Do you support the President using military tribunals to try terrorist suspects when the President deems ordinary civil courts to be inappropriate or impractical?
Yes2. Should the U.S. adopt higher qualification rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Yes3. Should law enforcement agencies be granted greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes4. Should federal law enforcement agencies share intelligence data with local law enforcement agencies?
Yes5. Should the federal government provide states with funding for homeland security?
6. Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) The federal government should invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
Xf) Support a "lock box" measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.

Xa) Continue the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
c) Regulation of the Internet should not be controlled by the federal government.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.

Xa) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
Xb) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to defray the cost of an apartment.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
Xd) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
Xe) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
f) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
Xg) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
Xi) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
Xj) Provide states with additional funding for Medicaid programs to alleviate increasing state budget deficits.
k) Other or expanded principles
In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional funding needed to implement these priorities.

Every American should have the opportunity to acquire a first-rate education. All Americans should also have access to affordable, quality healthcare; this means, in part, eliminating the Medicare reimbursement disparities between states and providing seniors with a real prescription drug benefit under Medicare. Social Security must also be protected. And government must do what it can to ensure a sound and vibrant economy; this includes holding corporations accountable for their actions.