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Betty McCollum's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MN) - District 4, Democratic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Betty McCollum has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "This bill could allow a hospital to deny a woman abortion-care even when this legal medical procedure would save her life. H.R. 358 does not protect life; rather it endangers the lives of American women." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/644201/protect-life-act#.VZ05MXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Planned Parenthood http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/3812/betty-mccollum/2 (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.8 "Job Protection and Recession Prevention Act of 2012" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42053 (votesmart.org)
  • "Tonight I am voting to pass a bipartisan compromise that protects middle class taxpayers from a tax increase and at the same time keeps a promise to preserve Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security. With this agreement, Republicans and Democrats are voting to increase tax rates on the wealthiest 2% of Americans, raising $620 billion in revenues to allow continued investments in education, renewable energy, and job creation." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/763431/mccollum-to-vote-in-support-of-bipartisan-compromise-to-protect-middle-class-taxpayers (votesmart.org)
  • "The House Republican majority had other options for offsetting the costs of H.R. 3630. Among those options was a small and temporary increase on the amount of taxes paid by those Americans least affected by the Great Recession." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/661386 (votesmart.org)
  • "It's wrong to borrow $50 billion from China so millionaires and billionaires can get an extra tax cut of $160,000. The Bush tax cuts for the super wealthy built a mountain of debt and failed to strengthen the economy. The Bush years proved that the Republican love affair with tax cuts for the super wealthy are a wasteful handout. They failed to create jobs." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/733946/#.VZq0cvlViko (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/54470 (votesmart.org)
  • "The federal government must work with the private sector to make key investments in education and infrastructure that will make us more competitive in the future." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1087352/issue-position-economy-and-jobs (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.3630 "Extends Payroll Tax Cut" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/38274 (votesmart.org)
  • "Tonight I am voting to pass a bipartisan compromise that protects middle class taxpayers from a tax increase and at the same time keeps a promise to preserve Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/763431/mccollum-to-vote-in-support-of-bipartisan-compromise-to-protect-middle-class-taxpayers#.VZ08NXUVhHx (votesmart.org)
  • "We’ve provided tax credits that spur research and development, help offer employee health insurance coverage, and enhance small business expensing. We must continue providing small businesses with the credit they need to create jobs in Minnesota and across the country." http://mccollum.house.gov/issue/small-business-0 (mccollum.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "A strong proponent of public education, McCollum supports keeping our schools accountable to parents and local officials. She is also a vocal critic of the federal government's failure to fully fund No Child Left Behind. Our nation's democracy and prosperity are built upon a foundation of public education and every American's ability to access quality public schools." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/370767/issue-position-education-k-12-education#.VZ0-PHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Federal policy and funding can either be a barrier or a bridge to ensure success. With No Child Left Behind, we’ve seen how the federal government can create obstacles in K-12 education. We’ve seen states lower their standards to comply, punishing high-standard states, including Minnesota. That’s why we must get it right this time and do better without imposing any more unfunded mandates." http://mccollum.house.gov/issue/education (mccollum.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Keystone XL pipeline would have a profound environmental impact on this country. There is a federal process in place to review the project and understand the environmental costs and risks to the American people. That process needs to be completed. For this Congress to pass legislation granting such unique and special exemptions to a foreign company is remarkably irresponsible. I urge my colleagues to allow the Obama administration to finish its review and not try to force its hand by cutting a special deal for this Canadian project." http://mccollum.house.gov/press-release/mccollum-votes-against-gop-bill-exempting-keystone-xl-pipeline-environmental-review (mccollum.house.gov)
  • Voted against S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.VZV9i_lViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The United States is losing ground in private clean energy investment, and we cannot afford slip further behind. To regain the lead, we need a strong partnership among government, universities and the private sector." http://mccollum.house.gov/issue/energy (mccollum.house.gov)
  • "There are serious challenges facing our environment and our economy. We have clean, renewable energy we can harness that will power our economy, create good jobs, and protect our environment. Climate change is not a distant problem. It is happening right here, right now." http://mccollum.house.gov/congresswoman-mccollums-remarks-2014-clean-energy-and-jobs-rally (mccollum.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Improving the quality of the air that we breathe is simply good public policy for the current health of our nation and the future of our planet." http://mccollum.house.gov/press-release/mccollum-statement-epa-plan-cut-carbon-pollution (mccollum.house.gov)
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 2454 "Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ('Cap and Trade')" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/26496#.VZWBWflViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Putting more guns on America's streets is wrong, especially as our nation struggles with homeland security, terrorism and crime. […] Keeping military style assault weapons off our streets and out of the hands of terrorists and criminals is a priority I will continue to fight for in Congress." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/370797/issue-position-hometown-security-assault-weapons-ban#.VhbgwHUViko (votesmart.org)
  • "Throughout the 113th Congress, Congresswoman Betty McCollum (MN-04) will advocate for legislation aimed at making our communities safer while protecting the rights of responsible gun owners." http://mccollum.house.gov/congresswoman-mccollum-joins-colleagues-supporting-gun-violence-prevention-measures (mccollum.house.gov)
  • Rated 7% by National Rifle Association http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/3812/betty-mccollum/37 (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Every American has a fundamental right to access quality, affordable health services. In 2010, I voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act when it passed the House, and the President signed it into law (P.L. 111- 148). This legislation is a major step in the right direction toward achieving the universal health care system we deserve. Once fully implemented, millions of uninsured or underinsured families and workers will have access to comprehensive coverage so they can receive the affordable care they need when they need it." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1087378/issue-position-health-care (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 3590 "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/29181#.VZWCKflViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor H.R. 5281 "DREAM Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/32955#.VZqYwPlViko (votesmart.org)
  • "My hope is that Democrats and Republicans can work together to support immigration legislation that reforms our current system by securing our borders, shutting down the path to illegal entry and employment, and establishing a strict legal process for qualifying immigrants to earn legal status." http://mccollum.house.gov/issue/homeland-security-immigration (mccollum.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The LGBT community still faces discrimination in this country and that is unacceptable." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/644206/#.VhbiSHUViko (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "But a clearly stated purpose and effect of this law was to disapprove of and disadvantage lesbians and gay men; this distinguishes DOMA from a routine act of Congress. Where, as here, Congress classifies persons, denying an entire class of citizens the rights that are afforded others, the Supreme Court has applied rational basis review to invalidate those laws. None of the reasons provided by Congress in 1996 or created in response to litigation rationally serve a legitimate federal interest." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/720129/#.VZq5vflViko (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Human Rights Campaign http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/3812/betty-mccollum/76 (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "President Obama is appropriately exercising his authority to prevent atrocities from being committed against innocent civilians in Iraq. Limited military strikes and emergency humanitarian aid are essential to saving lives and deterring the serious threat posed by ISIS." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/914785/mccollum-supports-us-military-strikes-against-isis-militants-in-iraq#.VZ1Bl3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I am opposed to U.S. troops on the ground in Syria, and I do not support putting additional troops in either Iraq or Afghanistan. Our strategy must be one of transitioning full responsibility for the fight against the Taliban and ISIS to our Afghan and Iraqi partners." http://focus.mnsun.com/2016/10/24/4th-congressional-district-voters-guide/ (focus.mnsun.com)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "We write today to express our strong support for Social Security and our view that it should be strengthened. We oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including raising the retirement age. We also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/566228/letter-to-barack-obama-president-of-the-united-states-social-security#.VZ1Di3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/739243/progressive-change-campaign-committee-social-security-protectors#.VZ1ExXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/3812/betty-mccollum/53 (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legally available.
Xc) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles
Budgetary Priorities
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Slightly Decrease Fundinga) Agricultural
Maintain Funding Statusb) Arts
Maintain Funding Statusc) Defense
Slightly Increase Fundingd) Education
Maintain Funding Statuse) Environmental
Maintain Funding Statusf) International Aid
Maintain Funding Statusg) Law Enforcement
Maintain Funding Statush) Medical Research
Slightly Decrease Fundingi) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Maintain Funding Statusj) National Parks
Slightly Increase Fundingk) Public Health Services
Maintain Funding Statusl) Scientific Research
Slightly Increase Fundingm) Terrorism Prevention
Slightly Increase Fundingn) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
Maintain Funding Statuso) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number per category.
Maintain Funding Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Maintain Funding Statusb) Covert intelligence operations
Maintain Funding Statusc) Military hardware
Slightly Increase Fundingd) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Decrease Fundinge) National Missile Defense Program
Maintain Funding Statusf) Programs to improve military retention rates
Slightly Decrease Fundingg) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increase Fundingh) Troop and equipment readiness
i) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
Using the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax.
Income Taxes - Family Income
Maintain Statusa) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000 - $75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000 - $150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Income Taxes - Retiree Income
Maintain Statusf) Over $40, 000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Maintain Statusa) Charitable deductions
Slightly Increaseb) Medical expense deductions
Maintain Statusc) Mortgage deductions
Slightly Increased) Child tax credit
Maintain Statuse) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increasef) Student loan tax credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
No2) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No3) Would you use Social Security surpluses to balance the budget?
4) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and governmental reform issues.
Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xd) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xe) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xf) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
Xg) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
h) Remove all contribution limits to federal candidates and parties.
Xi) Require congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
j) Require that unions give members the option of not having membership dues used for political purposes.
Yesk) Support the federal government mandate that creates national voting system standards.
Nol) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms that members of Congress can serve?
Nom) Do you support voting on-line?
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
Xa) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xf) Increase funding for community policing programs.
Xg) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
j) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xk) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xl) Other or expanded principles

Enforcement of civil rights should be left to the judge and should be looked at on a case by case basis.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
Xd) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xe) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
Xh) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
Xj) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xk) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
Xe) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
f) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xh) Considering race and gender in government contracting decisions is appropriate for the federal government.
Xi) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
Xj) Continue federal affirmative action programs.
k) Discontinue federal affirmative action programs.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xd) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
Xe) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
Xf) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
Xg) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Provide tax credits for state and local bonds to preserve open spaces, build parks, improve water quality and redevelop brownfields.
Xi) Support the National Forest Protection and Restoration Act prohibiting commercial logging in our national forests.
Xj) Provide states and local communities with more flexibility to address their respective environmental problems.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
Xa) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
Xh) Require a license for gun possession.
Xi) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
Xj) Other or expanded principles

Requirement for a license for hand guns should be enforced as well.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xe) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
Xf) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xg) Increase research funding of the human genome to find cures for diseases such as cancer, AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
Xh) Increase federal funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
Xi) Prohibit the procedure of cloning human embryos.
Xj) Other or expanded principles

I support stem cell research

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
Xc) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
d) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
e) Establish English as the official U.S. language.
Xf) Collect fingerprint data from all U.S. visa applicants which would be accessible to all federal immigration-related agencies.
Xg) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S.
h) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U. S. economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
Xc) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
f) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Xa) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
b) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
c) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
Xd) The U.S. should support the formation of a Palestinian state.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
a) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
Yes4) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
No5) Should the U.S. increase its financial support to Colombia for the "war on drugs?"
Yes6) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No7) Do you support the recent withdrawal of the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in order to deploy a national missile defense system?
Yes8) Should the U.S. hold nations accountable for terrorists who operate from their country?
9) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Yes5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) trading status with the United States? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No6) Should the President have "fast-track" authority to negotiate trade agreements?
No7) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
8) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
No1. Do you support the President using military tribunals to try terrorist suspects when the President deems ordinary civil courts to be inappropriate or impractical?
Yes2. Should the U.S. adopt higher qualification rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
No3. Should law enforcement agencies be granted greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes4. Should federal law enforcement agencies share intelligence data with local law enforcement agencies?
Yes5. Should the federal government provide states with funding for homeland security?
6. Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) The federal government should invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
Xf) Support a "lock box" measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.
a) Continue the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
c) Regulation of the Internet should not be controlled by the federal government.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
Xa) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
Xb) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to defray the cost of an apartment.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
Xd) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
Xe) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
f) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
Xg) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
i) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
Xj) Provide states with additional funding for Medicaid programs to alleviate increasing state budget deficits.
k) Other or expanded principles
In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional funding needed to implement these priorities.
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