Michigan State Legislative Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
|a) Abortions should always be illegal.|
|b) Abortions should always be legally available.|
|c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.|
|X||d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.|
|X||e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.|
|X||f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.|
|X||g) Other or expanded principles|
a child has the same rights as an adult to life as long as that child is engaging in a natural course of life.
State Budget: Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories.
|Maintain Funding Status||a) Education (Higher)|
|Maintain Funding Status||b) Education (K-12)|
|Slightly Decrease Funding||d) Health care|
|Slightly Decrease Funding||e) Law enforcement|
|Maintain Funding Status||f) Transportation and Highway infrastructure|
|Eliminate Funding||h) Other or expanded categories|
poluters be made to pay; change certain areas to be funded the use of user fees; eliminate corporate welfare; and end arts funding, and other unconstitutional subsidies.
State Taxes: Indicate the tax levels you will support.
|Slightly Decrease||a) Alcohol taxes|
|Eliminate||b) Capital gains taxes|
|Greatly Decrease||c) Cigarette taxes|
|Maintain Status||d) Corporate taxes|
|Maintain Status||e) Gasoline taxes|
|Eliminate||f) Income taxes|
|Eliminate||g) Inheritance taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||h) Property taxes|
|Maintain Status||i) Sales taxes|
|Maintain Status||j) Vehicle taxes|
|Eliminate||k) Other or expanded categories|
eliminate the Small Business Tax
|No||l) Should Internet sales be taxed?|
|m) Other or expanded principles|
I will not support any new tax unless it supported by referendum of a majority of the Registered voters in the State
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
|Yes||a) Do you support the current limit of two, four-year terms for Michigan governors?|
|Yes||b) Do you support the current limit of two, four-year terms for Michigan state senators?|
|Undecided||c) Do you support the current limit of three, two-year terms for Michigan state representatives?|
d) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative and gubernatorial candidates?
|No||4) Political Parties|
|Yes||e) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?|
|No||f) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?|
|Yes||g) Do you support voting on-line?|
|Yes||h) Do you support adopting statewide standards for counting, verifying and ensuring accuracy of votes?|
|No||i) Do you support straight-party voting?|
|Yes||j) Do you support prohibiting the reporting of media exit polling results until all polling locations in Michigan are closed?|
|No||k) Do you support creating a new state agency to implement a statewide high speed Internet network?|
|No||l) Should Michigan recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?|
|Yes||m) Should Michigan restrict marriage to a union only between a man and a woman?|
|n) Other or expanded principles|
The best way to achieve campaign finance reform is to vote out those who take the money.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
|a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.|
|X||b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.|
|c) Support the use of the death penalty in Michigan.|
|X||d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.|
|X||e) End parole for repeat violent offenders.|
|X||f) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.|
|X||g) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.|
|h) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.|
|i) Lower the .10 blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.|
|X||j) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.|
|k) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation or disability be prosecuted as hate crimes.|
|l) Ban the use of racial profiling by law enforcement officers.|
|m) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.|
|X||n) Increase state funding for additional security of critical infrastructure against terrorist attacks.|
|X||o) Other or expanded principles|
For a crime to be a crime it must have an individual complaining victim. An entity cannot be a victim unless by fraud. Legalize the growing of marijuana for personal use or medication and charge a $10 fee for such permits. Allow the study of marijuana for medical use by pharmaceutical firms and Universities in the State by permit. Commercialization other than for medication would remain prohibited.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
|a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.|
|b) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).|
|c) Increase state funds for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).|
|d) Amend Proposal A to allow increases in local property taxes to meet possible school funding needs.|
|e) Increase state funds for hiring additional teachers.|
|f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.|
|g) Support displaying the Ten Commandments in public schools.|
|h) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.|
|i) Require public schools to administer high school exit exams.|
|j) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.|
|k) Increase state funding to expand Head Start programs.|
|l) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.|
|m) Support age-appropriate sexual education programs that teach about abstinence, contraceptives and HIV/STD prevention methods.|
|n) Support abstinence-only sexual education programs.|
|X||o) Other or expanded principles|
I support property tax credits for families which choose to send their children to private schools to the extent that what they pay in educational taxes for schools are covered.
Employment: Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning employment.
|a) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.|
|X||b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector to encourage investment and economic expansion.|
|c) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding or relocating businesses.|
|X||d) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.|
|e) Increase state funds to provide child care for children of low-income working families.|
|X||f) Include sexual orientation in Michigan's anti-discrimination laws.|
|g) Other or expanded principles|
Affirmative Action: Should race, ethnicity or gender be taken into account in state agencies' decisions on:
|Undecided||a) College and university admissions|
|Yes||b) Public employment|
|Yes||c) State contracting|
|d) Other or expanded principles|
Any contracts that deal with racial issues should solely based on the sensitivities in given areas to the diversity in the area, languages commonly used or spoken, and business relations with the groups involved.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
|X||a) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.|
|b) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused or abandoned.|
|Yes||c) Do you support slant drilling for fossil fuels under the Great Lakes?|
|Yes||d) Do you support state funding for open space preservation?|
|Yes||e) Should state environmental regulations be stricter than federal law?|
|X||f) Other or expanded principles|
Open Space preservation was soundly placed in the constitution by an overwhelming majority of registered voters. I will not oppose the will of the people unless natural rights take overwhelming precedence.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
|a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.|
|X||b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.|
|c) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.|
|d) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.|
|e) Support the concealed weapons policy in Michigan.|
|f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.|
|g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.|
|h) Require a license for gun possession.|
|X||i) Other or expanded principles|
An armed populace is the best defense against invasion; terror; and crime. I support any means that allows law abiding citizens to arm themselves.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
|a) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms or state-funded care where necessary.|
|X||b) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.|
|c) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.|
|X||d) Support patients' right to sue their HMOs.|
|X||e) Support patients' right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied by their HMO.|
|X||f) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.|
|X||g) Legalize physician-assisted suicide in Michigan.|
|X||h) Increase state funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.|
|i) Increase the amount of money allocated to anti-smoking and health programs from Michigan's portion of the national tobacco settlement.|
|X||j) Other or expanded principles|
Individuals have a basic right to determine their health care needs.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.
|X||a) Support current time limits on welfare benefits.|
|b) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.|
|X||c) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.|
|d) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.|
|e) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.|
|f) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.|
|X||g) Redirect welfare funding to faith-based and community-based private organizations.|
|h) Use federal TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) funds to expand state services to include the working poor.|
|X||i) Other or expanded principles|
A sound economy based on unobstructed supply and demand is the welfare program because it creates needed positions as opposed to state created make work positions.
|In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.|
My two main legislative priorities are to protect individual rights and reduce the size of government by eliminating government intervention in individual lives and business. To that end, I will eliminated restrictions on property of individuals; unfunded mandates to local governments; and mandates made by any government to individual property that do not deal directly with defense or public safety.