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Jim Costa

Jim Costa's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Jim Costa
Office: U.S. House (CA) - District 16, Democratic
First Elected: 11/02/2004
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 16
General Nov. 4, 2014
Primary June 3, 2014
Gender: Male
Birth Date: 04/13/1952
Birth Place: Fresno, CA
Home City: Fresno, CA
Religion: Catholic
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Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 1998 California State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Jim Costa. Letter to Speaker Boehner. 1 November 2011. "We write with deep concern about the inclusion of policy riders in FY2012 appropriations legislation. As you know, there is longstanding precedent not to use appropriations bills to enact major changes in national policy, and the bills being reported from Appropriations subcommittees this year violate that precedent. While not all policy riders are objectionable, many of those included this year are not only controversial but blatantly partisan. Included riders would block the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, roll back important clean air and clean water protections, and place new restrictions on women's access to a full range of medical and health services, among others." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Jim Costa voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Family Research Council 12 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Jim Costa voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Jim Costa voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Jim Costa voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 71 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 16 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Jim Costa voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 1998 California State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I am pro-choice and support parental consent for minors."
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Jim Costa a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Jim Costa voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. House Democrats Release Historic Catholic Statement of Principles. 28 February 2006. "We envision a world in which every child belongs to a loving family and agree with the Catholic Church about the value of human life and the undesirability of abortion-we do not celebrate its practice. Each of us is committed to reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies and creating an environment with policies that encourage pregnancies to be carried to term. We believe this includes promoting alternatives to abortion, such as adoption, and improving access to children's healthcare and child care, as well as policies that encourage paternal and maternal responsibility. In all these issues, we seek the Church's guidance and assistance but believe also in the primacy of conscience. In recognizing the Church's role in providing moral leadership, we acknowledge and accept the tension that comes with being in disagreement with the Church in some areas." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 1998 California State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I am pro-choice and support parental consent for minors."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I am pro-choice and support parental consent for minors."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Jim Costa. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Jim Costa voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa Statement on Tonight's Presidential Address. 22 June 2011. "Our brave men and women in uniform have made good progress in our effort to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda in Afghanistan and the Middle East. After nearly ten years of war and the death of Osama bin Laden, I applaud President Obama's decision to begin a responsible withdrawal of our troops from Afghanistan. I look forward to the day when all our servicemembers serving in harm's way are reunited with their families." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy. Other or expanded principles: "I believe that the President should agree to Iraq's request to schedule the withdrawal of the U.S. troops. Now that Iraq is earning billions of dollars in oil revenues, they should pay for infrastructure projects such as water and sewer systems, schools, and roads, rather than pass these costs on to the U.S. taxpayers."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy. Other or expanded principles: "I support the United States formally recognizing the Armenian Genocide."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?"
  • Jim Costa. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Jim Costa voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Peace Action 38 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of Peace Action West 38 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issues: National Security. "Our armed forces have executed the mission in Afghanistan with true distinction. As a result of their service, Osama bin Laden and most of al Qaeda's top leadership have been brought to justice and the Taliban's momentum has been halted. We must remain focused on defeating al Qaeda and advancing opportunities that will enhance the future security of the region. Doing so will allow us to responsibly withdraw our troops and leave the nation to its people." (www.costa.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. 21 March 2012. "To increase our national security, I have supported legislation to make our counterterrorism efforts smarter and stronger. For instance, this year's National Defense Authorization provides our military with the additional tools they need to disrupt, dismantle, and eventually defeat al Qaeda and its extremist allies. This includes increased funding for overseas contingency operations, counter proliferation programs to keep weapons out of the hands of our enemies, and our intelligence and cyber security efforts to deter threats as soon as we learn about them. Al Qaeda and our enemies are constantly adapting, and I am committed to supporting our military and defense community in evolving to meet new threats." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Jim Costa voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Jim Costa voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Jim Costa voted Yea on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Jim Costa voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Jim Costa voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Jim Costa voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Jim Costa voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Jim Costa voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. c) Defense"
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense" Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "D, K : Increase"
  • Jim Costa. Budget Control Act of 2011. 29 July 2011. "Missing in today's debate is a bipartisan approach toward our Nation's fiscal health. We must have a bipartisan approach. We can cut through the partisan rhetoric with a balanced package. For me, that means implementing the Simpson-Bowles recommendations to reduce spending by $4 trillion over the next 10 years, lowering tax rates, ensuring solvency of Medicare and Social Security, and stabilizing our debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Costa Calls for Bipartisan, American Solutions to Deficit. 29 March 2012. "'In this budget debate, Members of Congress had a clear choice: vote for a viable, long-term budget solution or stay in their ideological trenches," said Costa. "Both the Democratic and Republican Budgets were merely for show because they lacked bipartisanship. The American people and the people in my district expect us to work together for real solutions, not pat ourselves on the back for passing bills that are merely sound bites. Thirty-eight lawmakers in the House were willing to do what was right for our country, and I hope their example will help my colleagues realize that bipartisanship is only way forward if we are serious about getting our fiscal house in order' [¦] In November, 102 members of the House wrote a letter to members of the Joint Select Committee urging them to consider the Simpson-Bowles recommendations and keep all options for deficit reduction on the table, including spending cuts and revenues. Only 38 members of the House supported the Cooper-LaTourette Budget when it was considered for a vote. This was the first time that the recommendations outlined by the Simpson-Bowles Commission were put to a vote on the House Floor." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011. 15 April 2008. "We all have our own ideas about our nation's fiscal priorities, but what is missing in today's discussion is a bipartisan, centrist approach to addressing our nation's fiscal health, such as the recommendations in the report by the Simpson-Bowles National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform. It is unfortunate that the House will not consider the Cooper amendment, mirroring the Simpson-Bowles suggestions, as an alternative to the extreme partisan proposals that have been put forth. Responsibly reducing our nation's deficit will require shared sacrifice and bipartisan consensus, and will not be accomplished if the two parties are unable to work together. In March, I joined with my colleagues in the Blue Dog Coalition to offer a comprehensive and aggressive set of benchmarks for fiscal reform that include the largest deficit cuts in history by 2014, entitlement and tax reform, and a reduction in the overall size of government. This proposal put everything on the table, cutting the deficit by $4 trillion dollars over the next 10 years, returning to 2008 spending levels by 2013, and addressing entitlement programs." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011. 15 April 2011. "In March, I joined with my colleagues in the Blue Dog Coalition to offer a comprehensive and aggressive set of benchmarks for fiscal reform that include the largest deficit cuts in history by 2014, entitlement and tax reform, and a reduction in the overall size of government. This proposal put everything on the table, cutting the deficit by $4 trillion dollars over the next 10 years, returning to 2008 spending levels by 2013, and addressing entitlement programs. No one party has all the answers, and no one party can do this alone. It's time to put our economy back on the path to fiscal sustainability, and this House should consider the Simpson-Bowles recommendations that aim to accomplish that goal." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Fiscal Year 2013 Budget. 29 March 2012. "Last night's votes and today's votes will once again demonstrate that the Congress is tone deaf. It's time to put our economy back on a path to fiscal sustainability and pass the Simpson-Bowles measure that last night fell far short. I suggest we cut $4 trillion from the deficit over 10 years with spending cuts and tax reform to ensure solvency of entitlements such as Medicare and Social Security. It's time that we act in a bipartisan fashion." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Letter to Rumsfeld Critical of Proposed National Guard Cutbacks. 7 February 2006. "The United States has the strongest military in the world due in large part to our commitment to an all-volunteer integrated force structure. The National Guard is an integral and vital component of our Global War on Terror. Anything less than a fully manned and equipped National Guard is unacceptable and during a time of war is perilous. Approximately 25 percent of United States troops currently serving in Iraq and Afghanistan are members of the National Guard or Reserve. Cutbacks in current manpower or equipment levels would be detrimental to our military's ability to continue carrying out their missions and will inflict additional and unnecessary stress on our troops. Reducing National Guard numbers and levels of equipment during a time of war requires a comprehensive examination and justification." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 50 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Budget Control Act of 2011. 29 July 2011. "Missing in today's debate is a bipartisan approach toward our Nation's fiscal health. We must have a bipartisan approach. We can cut through the partisan rhetoric with a balanced package. For me, that means implementing the Simpson-Bowles recommendations to reduce spending by $4 trillion over the next 10 years, lowering tax rates, ensuring solvency of Medicare and Social Security, and stabilizing our debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 16 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Costa Calls for Bipartisan, American Solutions to Deficit. 29 March 2012. "The Cooper-LaTourette Budget alternative would cut $4 trillion over the next decade by calling on shared sacrifice, not wreck less cuts. The reductions outlined in the budget framework would be enough to stabilize our fiscal house by 2015 and reduce our national debt below 70% by 2020. In November, 102 members of the House wrote a letter to members of the Joint Select Committee urging them to consider the Simpson-Bowles recommendations and keep all options for deficit reduction on the table, including spending cuts and revenues." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Costa to Super Committee: Failure is Not an Option. 16 November 2011. "Earlier this month, Costa was one of 102 members of the House who wrote a letter to members of the Joint Select Committee urging them to keep all options for deficit reduction on the table, including spending cuts and revenues; 45 Senators have also sent a similar letter urging them to take significant steps to reduce our national deficit. [¦] 'This has been my position since the report came out in January,' said Costa. 'Only with real entitlement reform and revenues to make this fair and balanced will we get our economy back on track.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011. 15 April 2011. "In March, I joined with my colleagues in the Blue Dog Coalition to offer a comprehensive and aggressive set of benchmarks for fiscal reform that include the largest deficit cuts in history by 2014, entitlement and tax reform, and a reduction in the overall size of government. This proposal put everything on the table, cutting the deficit by $4 trillion dollars over the next 10 years, returning to 2008 spending levels by 2013, and addressing entitlement programs. No one party has all the answers, and no one party can do this alone. It's time to put our economy back on the path to fiscal sustainability, and this House should consider the Simpson-Bowles recommendations that aim to accomplish that goal." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Cutting Taxes for Families. 1 January 2012. "Making Work Pay Tax Cut: Provides immediate and sustained tax relief to workers and their families through the Making Work Pay tax credit, a refundable tax credit of up to $400 per worker ($800 per couple filing jointly), phasing out completely at $190,000 for couples filing jointly and $95,000 for single filers in 2009 and 2010. The credit provides over 110 million working families--about 95%--the tax relief they need right now and is being distributed largely by reducing tax withholding from workers' paychecks beginning April 1, 2009." . (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Cutting Taxes for Families. 21 March 2012. "Tax cuts put money into the pockets of Valley families and play a key role in spurring economic growth. That's why we must do everything we can to ease the tax burden on Valley residents and businesses." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Our National Debt. 2 March 2011. "The staggering debt was not created in a day, and we can't dig ourselves out of this hole overnight, but we must stop digging. In order to tackle our debt, we must cut spending, agree to a stable source of revenue, and hold these commitments over the long term on a bipartisan basis. Partisan rhetoric will not get the job done. The Congress now has to deal with the reality of this budget mess." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Jim Costa a rating of 17 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Jim Costa voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Jim Costa voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Investing in Our Valley. 21 March 2012. "Returning our fair share of federal tax dollars back to the district is an important part of serving the Valley. Investments in education, infrastructure, and transportation grow the Valley's economy over the short and long-term. Over the years, I have worked to secure funding for dams, pipelines, pumping stations, and other projects to bring more water to our region. In 2008, I secured funding to expand the Kings County Narcotic and Gang Task Force. These funds made it possible for the Taskforce to take down the organizational structure of the violent Nuestra Familia gang who had taken hold in our community. The raid, which resulted in over 30 arrests, was one of the largest in the Valley's history." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. House Passes American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. 13 February 2009. "Today, the House of Representatives passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (the Act) by a vote of 246 to 183. Congressman Jim Costa (D-Fresno) voted in favor of the legislation. The bill is expected to create and save 3.5 million jobs, provide 95% of American workers an immediate tax cut, make investments in infrastructure, provide funding for renewable energy projects, and tax breaks for home purchases. [¦] The Act provides $27 billion for highway and bridge improvement, and it is estimated that California will see about $2.5 billion, with the Valley receiving approximately $200 million. Secondly, $18 billion has been allocated in the Act for clean water, flood control and environmental restoration. These are critical funds for California, which is currently suffering from a severe drought and an economic crisis. [¦] The Act provides $3.1 billion for the State Energy Program, which provides grants to states to use to address their energy priorities and program funding to adopt renewable and efficient energy technologies." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Restoring Our Economy. 30 March 2012. "Funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) are investing in all three counties across our district, putting people back to work and improving our communities. One third of the Recovery Act provided tax cuts for Valley families and small businesses (for more, click here), one third for support to state and local governments, and one third to infrastructure and other projects that spur economic development. [¦] Whether it is constructing a new and sorely needed bridge in Bakersfield or preventing a firefighter from being laid off, the Recovery Act is putting people to work and making a difference in our communities." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Letter to President Obama. 7 December 2011. "We are writing to respectfully urge your full support for a long-term transportation reauthorization. Such legislation will address our urgent transportation and infrastructure needs, create jobs for Americans and give the private sector important incentives to locate, invest and hire here in the United States. [¦] A modern, safe and efficient transportation authorization will not only create jobs now for the construction industry--facing a 13.3 percent unemployment rate--but it will also set the table for long-term job creation and economic growth. Global employers considering a presence in the United States will require a modern transportation infrastructure that enables them to move their finished products to the global market place in a timely and cost-efficient manner. Our aging and congested system is a strong disincentive for firms to expand their presence in the United States and create jobs here at home. A long-term transportation authorization will help make America more competitive in the global marketplace and create jobs in all sectors of our economy." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa To Meet With President Obama Today. 10 February 2009. "The stimulus package that is before Congress is an important bill to jump start our economy, but it still needs to be improved. Some of the proposed spending is unnecessary and will not create jobs; therefore we will encourage the President to work with leaders in both parties to come to a common sense agreement on a final bill. Secondly, and just as important, we will discuss the need for strict long-term fiscal discipline and greater spending responsibility during this Congress. I strongly believe that the more debt our nation incurs, the greater risk to our overall national security. As a Blue Dog, I am committed to working with the President, and leaders in Congress to enforce the 'pay-as-you-go' policies and long-term economic solutions to clean up this financial mess we've inherited." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 10 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa Votes To Create Jobs, Extend Tax Cuts To Valley Small Business. 4 March 2010. "Congressman Jim Costa (D-Fresno) today voted in support of tax cuts that will create jobs and spur economic growth in the Valley. By voting to amend H.R. 2847, the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment (HIRE) Act, Costa backed key improvements to the jobs bill passed by the Senate last week that will strengthen small business, invest in infrastructure, and ensure that the bill is fully paid for. 'Along with increasing our water supply, strengthening our economy and getting people back to work are my top priorities,' Costa said. 'One of the most effective ways to create and support quality jobs is to offer incentives to our small business owners that encourage them to hire more workers and expand.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Cutting Taxes for Families. 21 March 2012. "Tax cuts put money into the pockets of Valley families and play a key role in spurring economic growth. That's why we must do everything we can to ease the tax burden on Valley residents and businesses." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Restoring Our Economy. 30 March 2012. "Funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) are investing in all three counties across our district, putting people back to work and improving our communities. One third of the Recovery Act provided tax cuts for Valley families and small businesses, one third for support to state and local governments, and one third to infrastructure and other projects that spur economic development." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 1998 California State Legislative Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "I support the federal government funding pre-K programs. However, due to the current fiscal climate, this is not the appropriate time for billions of dollars in new spending. The Bush administration made No Child Left Behind (NCLB) a huge unfunded mandate on states. Without a funding commitment, NCLB's program requirements are little more than a wish list. Furthermore, I support the federal government fulfilling it's original commitment to fund special education that was mandated 24 years ago at 45%."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "I support the federal government funding pre-K programs. However, due to the current fiscal climate, this is not the appropriate time for billions of dollars in new spending. The Bush administration made No Child Left Behind (NCLB) a huge unfunded mandate on states. Without a funding commitment, NCLB's program requirements are little more than a wish list. Furthermore, I support the federal government fulfilling it's original commitment to fund special education that was mandated 24 years ago at 45%."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Jim Costa. Costa Announces $19.7 Million for Fresno Head Start . 25 July 2012. "Fresno, CA“ Rep. Jim Costa announced today that Fresno County Economic Opportunities Commission will receive $19.7 million for Head Start and Early Head Start programs in Fresno. 'Head Start programs provide families with the services necessary to ensure their children are ready when they start kindergarten," said Costa. "I have long supported this program because it helps address many of the barriers that low-income children in our Valley face. It is imperative that Fresno children have the tools they need for academic success long before their parents snap their photos on the first day of kindergarten' [¦] Head Start provides comprehensive early childhood education and development services to low-income preschool children on a part- or full-day basis. Under current law, Head Start funds are provided directly by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to local grantees, which must comply with detailed federal performance standards." (costa.house.gov)
  • Jim Costa. CONGRESSMAN COSTA ANNOUNCES U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION GRANT FUNDS. 26 July 2005. "Today, Congressman Jim Costa (CA-20) announced that the United States Department of Education has named three Fresno County Schools, Sanger Unified, Firebaugh-Las Deltas Unified and Fresno Unified School District as recipients of the Alcohol Abuse Reduction Grants Program.  Combined, the schools will receive just over $1 million. 'As our communities grow so do the educational needs of low-income and rural areas; these funds help various organizations realize their goal of providing the best possible educational opportunities to their students,' Congressman Costa said." (costa.house.gov)
  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa Announces That California Will Advance In Race To The Top Program. 27 July 2010. "Congressman Jim Costa joined with the Department of Education today to announce that California is a finalist in the second round of funding in the $4.35 billion Race to the Top program. The Race to the Top program awards grants to states to strengthen local education systems and better prepare students for college and the workplace. States competing for Race to the Top funds were asked to document past education reform successes, as well as outline plans to: extend reforms using college and career-ready standards and assessments; build a workforce of highly effective educators; create educational data systems to support student achievement; and turn around their lowest-performing schools." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Jim Costa voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa And Others Introduce Comprehensive, Bipartisan Energy Legislation. 30 July 2008. "Today, Congressman Jim Costa and a bipartisan group of legislators introduced the National Conservation, Environment and Energy Independence Act. The bill takes a comprehensive approach to increase energy supply, while reducing energy demand. It also provides funding for a variety of goals, including environmental restoration, energy conservation, renewable energy, carbon capture and sequestration, and the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). 'Our country is currently facing an energy crisis that is having a devastating effect on our economy, and particularly on the poor, working class, and small business owners,' said Costa. 'We need all the energy tools in our toolbox to help reduce our need for foreign oil, along with protecting our environment.' Over the past several weeks, Costa has been working with a bipartisan group of House members to develop a common sense energy bill. The National Conservation, Environment and Energy Independence Act removes the existing moratoria on oil and natural gas production in the Outer Counter Shelf for waters 25 miles offshore and beyond. For waters that are 25 to 50 miles from shore, the bill gives states the right to opt-out and remove those areas from leasing. The bill prohibits leasing within 25 miles of a coastline." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Press Conference With Rep. Neil Abercrombie, Rep. Tim Murphy, Rep. Jim Costa, Rep. Shelley Moore Capito, Rep. Joe Wilson - Offshore Drilling And Renewable Energy Resources. 5 May 2009. "As the chairman of the House Subcommittee on Energy and Minerals on federal lands, I'm pleased to be an original co-sponsor of the American Conservation and Clean Energy Independence Act of 2009. [¦] If we want to reduce significantly our dependency on foreign sources of energy, this package is the way to move forward in my opinion. If we truly want to create the sort of robust, renewable energy portfolio, this legislation, the American Conservation and Clean Energy Independence Act is the best vehicle to pursue because it does the following: It increases the production of domestic oil and gas and those are critical resources that we need today. Gas, of course, in California is the energy du jour because of the need for cleaner, burning fuels. But it also increases sources of renewable energy, utilizing the green technologies that the new administration has spoken about and that many of us in Congress are very interested in moving forward on." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Letter to The Honorable Ken Salazar, Secretary for the Department of the Interior. 5 January 2011. "As members of the Congressional Natural Gas Caucus, we write to express our concerns about reports that the Department of the Interior may seek to impose new regulations on the natural gas extraction process on federal lands and urge you to not institute any new regulatory burdens before the completion of the 2010-2012 Environmental Protection Agency study on hydraulic fracturing. [¦] We also would note that the vast majority of scientific evidence shows hydraulic fracturing to be safe, less resource-intensive for the environment than traditional methods, and properly managed and regulated at the state level. Consequently, hastily proposed regulatory burdens on natural gas will increase energy costs for consumers, suppress job creation in a promising energy sector, and hinder our nation's ability to become more energy independent." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Energy Independence. 21 March 2012. "Our Valley is an energy rich region, supplying the state with power from oil, gas, and renewable sources like hydropower, biomass, wind, and solar. This vital sector of our economy is a job creator in our communities and a key player in reducing our nation's dependence on foreign sources of energy. For these reasons, I took the lead on this issue with a bipartisan group of legislators in the 112th Congress in introducing the Infrastructure Jobs and Energy Independence Act. Unlike the 'cap and trade' bill which I opposed and voted against, this bill outlines a practical, responsible energy plan for America that would further develop domestic energy production of traditional oil and gas, provide a funding stream to clean up the environment and fully develop clean energy technologies." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Infrastructure Jobs and Energy Independence. 25 October 2011. "This legislation, H.R. 1861, constitutes a real energy policy over the next 20 years. Let me talk about what this measure would do to enhance our path. First, it would expand domestic energy production on the Outer Continental Shelf. Secondly, it would advance alternative energy, including wind, solar, biomass, wave, geothermal, and other clean alternatives. [¦] It would help also to assist in paying off our national debt. Why? Because the funds that we receive for energy on fossil fuels, both onshore and offshore on federal lands, is the second-largest single source of revenue that comes to the United States Treasury outside of the taxes we pay. It's the revenue that we would derive by expanding energy sources onshore and offshore that would go to pay for these efforts." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Costa Joins in Introducing Bipartisan Plan for Energy Independence, Job Creation. 12 May 2011. "The Infrastructure Jobs and Energy Independence Act harnesses America's vast natural resources by allowing the safe, responsible expansion of offshore oil and gas exploration. The legislation dedicates the $2.2 to $3.7 trillion in new federal revenues that would be generated from offshore energy production to create jobs, cut the deficit, invest in clean coal and nuclear technology, clean up our environment, increase renewable and alternative energy sources, and rebuild our crumbling highways and bridges. U.S. offshore resources are enough to replace oil imports from Venezuela and Saudi Arabia for the next 80 years and enough clean natural gas to fuel American industry for the next 63 years, yet remain largely untapped. Meanwhile, unemployment in some parts of the Valley is in the double digits and our national infrastructure needs an estimated $2.2 trillion for repair. The Infrastructure Jobs and Energy Independence Act uses American resources to create American jobs and take back our energy destiny from potentially hostile overseas governments." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. American Conservation and Clean Energy Independence Act. 12 May 2011. "With the introduction of the bipartisan Infrastructure Jobs and Energy Independence Act of 2011, we have an opportunity to come together as a House, to come together as a Nation. [¦] First, it would increase the production of domestic oil and gas on the Outer Continental Shelf. It would also increase sources of alternative energy utilizing clean energy technologies whenever possible. [¦] As a Nation, we must work together toward realistic energy policy. At the end of the day, we cannot afford to take any energy sources off the table. As many of you know, I am a firm believer in using all of the energy tools in our Nation's energy toolbox. And that's what we need to do. Conventional energy, together with renewable resources and a strategy for energy conservation, will best serve our long-term energy needs--the best management practices our Nation has to offer." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "I support providing positive financial incentives to encourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act. Also, while I support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel, I do not support it through the use of corn."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "I support providing positive financial incentives to encourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act. Also, while I support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel, I do not support it through the use of corn."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "A,B: I support providing positive financial incentives to enourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "A,B: I support providing positive financial incentives to enourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act."
  • Jim Costa. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Jim Costa voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of Environment America 87 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Jim Costa voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Transparency in Regulatory Analysis of Impacts on the Nation Act of 2011. 22 September 2011. "This measure requires the creation of an interagency committee to study the effects of the current and proposed regulations put forth by the Environmental Protection Agency that together have major effects not only on our way of life but on our economy, our economy which at this point in time is in a very fragile recovery period. For too long, constituents that I represent, farmers, farm workers and small businesses in the San Joaquin Valley, have had to shoulder the burden of mounting regulations of the EPA. They've worked hard to meet stricter standards, and we're making progress. We've made great progress in cleaning up the air quality in the valley, even while the population is growing more rapidly than any other place in the State. Yet common sense must prevail. At some point it's time to put the brakes on regulations and understand the effects on consumers, on energy, on manufacturing industries, on electricity, on fuel prices, and our country's competitiveness in the global market. [¦] We can have clean air and we can have a good, commonsense decision-making process. The two are not mutually exclusive, as some of my colleagues are suggesting." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Jim Costa voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of Environment America 87 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Jim Costa voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "A,B: I support providing positive financial incentives to enourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "I support providing positive financial incentives to encourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act. Also, while I support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel, I do not support it through the use of corn."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "I support providing positive financial incentives to encourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act. Also, while I support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel, I do not support it through the use of corn."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "A,B: I support providing positive financial incentives to enourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act."
  • Jim Costa. Costa Supports Bill to Reexamine EPA Regulations. 23 September 2011. "Congressman Jim Costa (D-Fresno) today joined a bipartisan majority in the U.S. House of Representatives in passing legislation to mandate a comprehensive economic analysis of current and proposed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations. The bill, H.R. 2401, the Transparency in Regulatory Analysis of Impacts on the Nation (TRAIN) Act of 2011, would establish an interagency committee that would study the sum impacts of proposed and current EPA rules to better understand how these regulations are impacting America's global economic competitiveness, electricity and fuel prices, and employment. [¦] 'For too long, farmers, farmworkers, and small businesses in the San Joaquin Valley have shouldered the burden of mounting EPA regulations. At some point, it's time to put the brakes on all these regulations and look at the effects on consumers, on energy and manufacturing industries, on electricity and fuel prices, and on our country's global competitiveness. This legislation is a powerful tool to hold the EPA accountable and adds a dose of Valley commonsense to the regulatory process,' Costa said." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Air Quality. 21 March 2012. "In an effort to combat pollution I authored a bill (HR 3754) during the 110th Congress to allow the Environmental Protection Agency to continue funding diesel emission reduction projects through their supplemental environmental projects as part of settlement agreements with corporations. By allowing the EPA to continue this practice, this bill will help maintain a separate source of funding for diesel emission reduction projects, including retrofitting existing diesel engines with current emission control technology." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Issue Position: Energy and Gas. 21 March 2012. "On June 26, 2009 the House of Representatives passed H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act, often referred to as the 'cap-and-trade' or climate change bill. I voted against this bill because, notwithstanding the need for additional energy, this bill would place the American economy at a disadvantage. The bill still needs more work, and Congress will have to make additional and significant changes that will benefit our Valley." (www.votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Video: Congressman Costa Supports Bill to Reexamine EPA Regulations. 22 September 2011. "At some point it comes time to put the brakes on regulations and understand the affects on consumers, on energy, on manufacturing industries, on electricity, on fuel prices, and our country's competitive in a global market." (www.youtube.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Jim Costa a grade of 27." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Jim Costa voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Jim Costa voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Jim Costa voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "E: I support current California Laws on concealed weapons."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "E: I support current California Laws on concealed weapons."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I support current California laws on concealed weapons."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 1998 California State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 1998 California State Legislative Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I support current California laws on concealed weapons."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa Statement Following Passage Of The Affordable Health Care For America Act. 7 November 2009. "Following passage of the Affordable Health Care for America Act, Congressman Jim Costa (D-Fresno) released the following statement. 'I am voting for HR 3962 because the choice of doing nothing was not an option. [¦] This bill takes steps to end the hidden costs in our current health care systems that are now paid for by all Americans. There are also a number of important measures in the legislation which resolve issues with catastrophic care, allowing for portability, incentives for preventative care and end exclusions for preexisting conditions. This process is not over though. There are still challenges on cost containment which concern me. I will have a full dialogue with my constituents over the next few months to ensure all the health care needs in the Valley are met. I will reserve the option to oppose the final version of the bill if cost containment and Valley health care needs are not fully met.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa Statement Following President Obama Speech Before Congress. 10 September 2009. "Like the President, I believe we can all agree that the health care system is broken and needs repair. All Americans, even those with the best health insurance, can and do face untenable health costs as a result of an illness. For health reform legislation to be successful, at a minimum, four key elements must be addressed. These are catastrophic care, portability, pre-existing conditions and preventive measures. I am happy the President wants to end the practice of denying coverage for pre-existing conditions and will require insurance companies to cover preventative care. [¦] I am not opposed to health care reform, but I am opposed to provisions in HR 3200. It is simply the wrong vehicle to reform the current system. One federal program that touches more of my constituents than any other program is Social Security. President Franklin Roosevelt's idea started small, and over time was expanded to more and more Americans. Like Social Security, I also prefer a plan that is put into place in stages, rather than trying to implement such a massive effort all at once." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Jim Costa voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Jim Costa. Letter to Speaker Boehner. 1 November 2011. "We write with deep concern about the inclusion of policy riders in FY2012 appropriations legislation. As you know, there is longstanding precedent not to use appropriations bills to enact major changes in national policy, and the bills being reported from Appropriations subcommittees this year violate that precedent. While not all policy riders are objectionable, many of those included this year are not only controversial but blatantly partisan. Included riders would block the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, roll back important clean air and clean water protections, and place new restrictions on women's access to a full range of medical and health services, among others." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Costa Statement on Supreme Court Health Reform Decision. 28 June 2012. "Health reform was not a perfect bill, but the status quo was unacceptable. Costs were rising and continue to rise, coverage was becoming harder to obtain, and over 40 million Americans were without health insurance, yet we are still paying for their care. I support Americans having access to the care they need when they need it. That includes those with insurance and those struggling to obtain it. Now that the Court has ruled, we must come together in a bipartisan fashion to do the hard work of examining health reform to see what works and to improve or replace what doesn't. The decision gives some certainty to individuals, businesses, and health care providers." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011. 15 April 2011. "In March, I joined with my colleagues in the Blue Dog Coalition to offer a comprehensive and aggressive set of benchmarks for fiscal reform that include the largest deficit cuts in history by 2014, entitlement and tax reform, and a reduction in the overall size of government. This proposal put everything on the table, cutting the deficit by $4 trillion dollars over the next 10 years, returning to 2008 spending levels by 2013, and addressing entitlement programs. No one party has all the answers, and no one party can do this alone. It's time to put our economy back on the path to fiscal sustainability, and this House should consider the Simpson-Bowles recommendations that aim to accomplish that goal." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa Statement On Health Care Bill. 20 March 2010. "After nearly 14 months of thoughtful and passionate debate, there are many opinions on what it means to reform health care. For me, it boils down to this: Who makes the important health care decisions in our country -- patients, their families and their doctors, or insurance companies? With all the rumored and actual changes made to the health care bill, I was not willing to make a final decision on my vote until I saw the actual language in the bill to protect patients from losing their insurance coverage, from having their rates jacked through the ceiling, and from being denied coverage by insurance companies. I was also able to express my concern to the Administration that the implementation of any health care bill must take into account the unique challenges of the Valley's farmers and seasonal agriculture workers. Having now seen the actual bill and after reviewing the fine print with constituent groups and health care professionals, I am satisfied that it will take life and death decisions away from the insurance companies and protect patient rights. The bill also ensures that patients and our families can receive essential treatment without fear of bankruptcy. That's what healthcare coverage is supposed to do and is what the final language in the bill accomplishes. For these reasons, I will vote "Yes" on the health care reform legislation being considered by the House of Representatives." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 83 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Keep Immigration Issue Alive. 28 June 2006. "We know a clear majority of Americans want action and reform. Should we attempt border security first, which I believe we should, we still need to face the fact that comprehensive reform is necessary. This must include a guest worker program and dealing with the 11 million people who are here today that are contributing to our economy. Need I remind my colleagues of the difficulty we had in just moving a few hundred thousand people from the gulf coast during the Katrina hurricane? Let us convene now the conference committee on immigration and deal with the issue and develop a bipartisan solution." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Jim Costa voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Jim Costa voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 33 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Jim Costa. Providing for Further Consideration of H.R. 4437, Border Protection, Antiterrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005. 16 December 2005. "Throughout my career, I have consistently supported strengthening our borders. And while the Sensenbrenner bill does address part of our problems, it is not the comprehensive solution we must have. It does not solve or even acknowledge the problems of illegal immigrants. Therefore, this bill is half a loaf at best. We can secure our borders and keep out illegal immigrants, and we should. But what about the 11 million-plus people here illegally who are, by and large, law-abiding members of our community? What about the 11 million-plus people who keep the hotels, restaurants, and construction sites and farms running in every State of this Union? [¦] If we continue to delay facing the reality of this challenge, the reality of the importance of immigrants who are not here legally to our economy, then I urge those of you who decide to vote for this measure to be prepared to face the wrath of business people in your towns and cities throughout this country. They will want to know why you voted to place the financial liability of document verification on them. They will want to know why you have made them a de facto agent of the Federal Government. They will want to know why you voted to require them to follow a system that makes them liable for thousands of dollars of fines when they are simply trying to run their businesses. They will want to know why you voted to cripple tourism industries, home construction and farms, by refusing to confront the undeniable evidence that 11 million immigrants here illegally are making a difference." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Rep. Costa Statement On House Passage Of DREAM Act. 8 December 2010. "Congressman Jim Costa praised the passage of the DREAM Act tonight in the U.S. House of Representatives. Costa voted in favor of the legislation. 'I am pleased that the House has approved the DREAM Act,' said Costa. 'Children who were brought to this country through no fault of their own should have the opportunity to contribute to our country's well-being by serving in the U.S. Armed Forces or pursuing higher education.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. The Nation's Broken Immigration System. 30 June 2010. "I rise today to encourage my colleagues to put aside partisan differences and begin in earnest to address our Nation's broken immigration system. [¦] AgJobs and the DREAM Act provides a path forward that can be an example of how we can reform in a meaningful way that benefits our economy, provides a stable workforce on our local farms, and reduces the number of illegal workers in our country. We must act now, and I ask my colleagues to join me to pass immigration reform this year." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steven Mayer. Bakersfield Californian: City offers mixed views on gay marriage. 9 May 2012. "'The president has taken leadership in expressing his personal views on an issue our nation has grappled with for years,' said Costa. 'This is a deeply personal and private issue between two adults, but there are legal and policy implications that require an open and honest conversation. Many states have already taken action on this issue, including my home state of California.'" (www.bakersfieldcalifornian.com)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 60 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 57 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Jim Costa voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 67 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Family Research Council 42 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Jim Costa voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the American Family Association 5 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Jim Costa voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "I support early voting through absentee ballots, Saturday and Sunday voting, and early balloting at county election offices and other locations."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "I support early voting through absentee ballots, Saturday and Sunday voting, and early balloting at county election offices and other locations."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?"
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "The National Guard is a vital part of our security force but as indicated in my answers on defense spending, we must do more to increase pay for active duty personnel and to improve troop retention rates so that we don't place unfair and unreasonable burdens on National Guard members and their families. Moreover, when our National Guard is depleted it must be re-supplied with current weaponry and supplies."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "F: It depends on circumstances and dimensions of the threat."
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Jim Costa. The Bakersfield Californian: JIM COSTA: A common-sense plan to get our nation's economy going and reduce our debt. 14 August 2011. "Following these recommendations will ensure fiscal responsibility by reducing spending to 2008 levels by 2013, cutting the deficit by $4 trillion over 10 years, reforming the tax code to make it simpler and fairer for all Americans, ensuring the solvency of Medicare and Social Security and stabilizing the debt. These reforms are common sense and have already been agreed to by many Republicans and Democrats." (www.bakersfieldcalifornian.com)
  • KGET-TV. Protesters March Outside Bill Thomas' Office. 7 July 2005. "Congressman Jim Costa said there should be no rush to reform Social Security. 'I think Social Security is a problem we must fix," said Costa. "I don't think it's a crisis. When President Reagan and the Democratic Congress fixed it in 1983, they ensured it's solvency through the year 2042.'" (www.californiaalliance.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Jim Costa supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2008 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Jim Costa. Project Vote Smart: 2004 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Jim Costa. Budget Control Act of 2011. 29 July 2011. "Missing in today's debate is a bipartisan approach toward our Nation's fiscal health. We must have a bipartisan approach. We can cut through the partisan rhetoric with a balanced package. For me, that means implementing the Simpson-Bowles recommendations to reduce spending by $4 trillion over the next 10 years, lowering tax rates, ensuring solvency of Medicare and Social Security, and stabilizing our debt." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

California Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xf) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.

I am pro-choice and support parental consent for minors.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
Slightly Increasea) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Slightly Increased) Education
Maintain Statuse) Environment
Maintain Statusf) FEMA
Greatly Increaseg) Homeland security
Maintain Statush) International aid
Greatly Increasei) Law enforcement (Federal)
Maintain Statusj) Law enforcement (State)
Slightly Increasek) Medical research
Slightly Increasel) National parks
Slightly Increasem) Public health services
Slightly Increasen) Scientific research
Maintain Statuso) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasep) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Statusq) United Nations
Maintain Statusr) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
2) Defense Spending
Maintain Statusa) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Statuse) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
Greatly Decreasea) Less than $12,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decreasec) $40,001-$100,000
Maintain Statusd) $100,001-$180,000
Maintain Statuse) $180,001-$350,000
Maintain Statusf) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Slightly Increasea) Charitable contribution deduction
Greatly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Slightly Increasee) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles

I support PAY-GO measures and efforts with the Concord Coalition to control the federal budget and promote responsible fiscal policies.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Xe) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
Xf) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
Xh) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
Xi) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
Xj) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles

I support early voting through absentee ballots, Saturday and Sunday voting, and early balloting at County Elections Offices and other locations.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xg) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xh) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
Xa) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
Xe) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
Xf) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
Xg) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
Xk) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles

I support the federal government funding pre-K programs. However, due to the current fiscal climate, this is not the appropriate time for billions of dollars in new spending. The Bush administration made No Child Left Behind (NCLB) a huge unfunded mandate on states. Without a funding commitment, NCLB's program requirements are little more than a wish list. Furthermore, I support the federal government fulfilling it's original commitment to fund special education that was mandated 24 years ago at 45%.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
Xc) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xe) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xd) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xe) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xf) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
Xh) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xi) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
Xj) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
Xl) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

I support providing positive financial incentives to encourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act. Also, while I support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel, I do not support it through the use of corn.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
Slightly Increasec) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Maintain Statusd) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles

I support current California laws on concealed weapons.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
Xb) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xc) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
Xd) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xf) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Support a temporary worker program.
d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
Xg) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesd) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Noe) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

I believe that the President should agree to Iraq's request to schedule the withdrawal of the U.S. troops. Now that Iraq is earning billions of dollars in oil revenues, they should pay for infrastructure projects such as water and sewer systems, schools, and roads, rather than pass these costs on to the U.S. taxpayers.

Yesh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yesi) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yesj) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Yesk) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Nol) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Nom) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yesn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yeso) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Yesp) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Yesr) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles

I support the United States formally recognizing the Armenian Genocide.

International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
b) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yesc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yesd) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles

I support measures to fight outsourcing of United States jobs.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yese) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Yesf) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Nog) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
h) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles

The National Guard is a vital part of our security force but as indicated in my answers on defense spending, we must do more to increase pay for active duty personnel and to improve troop retention rates so that we don't place unfair and unreasonable burdens on National Guard members and their families. Moreover, when our National Guard is depleted it must be re-supplied with current weaponry and supplies.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Nob) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
d) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
e) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
f) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yesg) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles

I support comprehensive reform of the Social Security system.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xc) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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