Representative Elijah E. Cummings's Political Positions

Office: U.S. House (MD) - District 7, Democratic
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Elijah Cummings has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Elijah Cummings is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Elijah Cummings a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Elijah Cummings a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings. Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011. 28 February 2011. "If we are serious about cutting our debt, we must understand what has created that debt. Poor people did not create this debt. However, an analysis developed by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities in mid-2010 found that `just two policies dating from the Bush Administration--tax cuts and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan--accounted for over $500 billion of the deficit in 2009 and will account for almost $7 trillion in deficits in 2009 through 2019, including the associated debt-service costs.' Despite the central role that tax cuts for the wealthy have had in increasing national debt, Congress voted just a few months ago to extend the Bush-era tax cuts, adding billions more to the national debt, including more than $80 billion for the tax cuts provided to the highest 2 percent of earners." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 5 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. f) $350,001 and above"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "(1) re-institute "paygo" rules of budgetary discipline; (2) eliminate Bush tax cuts on individuals annual income greater than $150,000; (3) limit percentage increase in federal debt to percentage growth in our national gross domestic product."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. e) $180,001-$350,000"
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 10 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2007. 17 May 2006. "The CBC Alternative Budget offers a real budget for all Americans. It would balance the budget, restore pay-as-you-go principles and restore funding to critical programs; not by creating deficits, but by rescinding the tax cuts for those making over $200,000, eliminating corporate tax incentives and closing corporate loopholes--all while eliminating waste, fraud and abuse. I urge my colleagues to support the CBC Alternative Budget, which represents a return to fiscal discipline and responsibility and focuses our spending priorities on ALL Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011. 28 February 2011. "If we are serious about cutting our debt, we must understand what has created that debt. Poor people did not create this debt. However, an analysis developed by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities in mid-2010 found that `just two policies dating from the Bush Administration--tax cuts and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan--accounted for over $500 billion of the deficit in 2009 and will account for almost $7 trillion in deficits in 2009 through 2019, including the associated debt-service costs.' Despite the central role that tax cuts for the wealthy have had in increasing national debt, Congress voted just a few months ago to extend the Bush-era tax cuts, adding billions more to the national debt, including more than $80 billion for the tax cuts provided to the highest 2 percent of earners." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 5 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. f) $350,001 and above"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "(1) re-institute "paygo" rules of budgetary discipline; (2) eliminate Bush tax cuts on individuals annual income greater than $150,000; (3) limit percentage increase in federal debt to percentage growth in our national gross domestic product."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. e) $180,001-$350,000"
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 10 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2007. 17 May 2006. "The CBC Alternative Budget offers a real budget for all Americans. It would balance the budget, restore pay-as-you-go principles and restore funding to critical programs; not by creating deficits, but by rescinding the tax cuts for those making over $200,000, eliminating corporate tax incentives and closing corporate loopholes--all while eliminating waste, fraud and abuse. I urge my colleagues to support the CBC Alternative Budget, which represents a return to fiscal discipline and responsibility and focuses our spending priorities on ALL Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Elijah Cummings a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Elijah Cummings a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Congressman Cummings Welcomes Race to the Top Grant. 16 December 2011. "Congressman Elijah E. Cummings today welcomed the awarding of a $500 million Race To The Top education grant, which will be split among nine states, including Maryland, which is expected to be awarded $50 million [¦] 'This grant will help the youngest children in our state begin their educations as early as possible so that they can become productive, intelligent citizens, who are ready to lead our nation into the future,' said Cummings. 'Although we have struggled to educate our country, nothing is more important to our future as a nation and a civilization than ensuring that the tools of knowledge and wisdom are passed to our children. That is why we must continue to develop and implement innovative strategies to reform and strengthen our educational system. I applaud the Obama Administration for its commitment to providing access to quality education for all of our children.'" (cummings.house.gov)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Elijah Cummings. Congressman Cummings Welcomes Race to the Top Grant. 16 December 2011. "Congressman Elijah E. Cummings today welcomed the awarding of a $500 million Race To The Top education grant, which will be split among nine states, including Maryland, which is expected to be awarded $50 million [¦] 'This grant will help the youngest children in our state begin their educations as early as possible so that they can become productive, intelligent citizens, who are ready to lead our nation into the future,' said Cummings. 'Although we have struggled to educate our country, nothing is more important to our future as a nation and a civilization than ensuring that the tools of knowledge and wisdom are passed to our children. That is why we must continue to develop and implement innovative strategies to reform and strengthen our educational system. I applaud the Obama Administration for its commitment to providing access to quality education for all of our children.'" (cummings.house.gov)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."

Vote Smart's Research

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Elijah Cummings voted NA on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. National Capital Security and Safety Act. 16 September 2008. "I want to thank the gentleman for yielding, and I rise today to express strong support for H.R. 6842 [¦] Mr. Speaker, I find it odd that certain individuals in Congress feel the need to weigh in on this subject now when it is still in the process of being resolved. Specifically, H.R. 6691, legislation introduced by Representative Childers, entitled the Second Amendment Enforcement Act, which will be offered as an amendment in the nature of a substitute, goes far beyond the court's intent. This amendment flies in the face of the Heller decision by prohibiting the District of Columbia from enacting any future laws or regulations that discourage or eliminate the private ownership or use of firearms [¦] Allowing an individual to own an unregistered AK-47 in our nation's capital is pure insanity. And so I support the legislation, and I would ask our Members to vote against the substitute." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Legislation Introduced To Stem Gun Trafficking. 22 July 2011. "We have to move beyond the all-or-nothing rhetoric of the current gun debate and work toward common-sense measures to help our law enforcement authorities combat the Mexican drug cartels without infringing on anyone's right to own a firearm," Cummings said. That's exactly what this bill does." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Elijah Cummings a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Elijah Cummings voted NA on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Elijah Cummings. Legislation Introduced To Stem Gun Trafficking. 22 July 2011. "We have to move beyond the all-or-nothing rhetoric of the current gun debate and work toward common-sense measures to help our law enforcement authorities combat the Mexican drug cartels without infringing on anyone's right to own a firearm," Cummings said. That's exactly what this bill does." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Elijah Cummings a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Elijah Cummings in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. National Capital Security and Safety Act. 16 September 2008. "I want to thank the gentleman for yielding, and I rise today to express strong support for H.R. 6842 [¦] Mr. Speaker, I find it odd that certain individuals in Congress feel the need to weigh in on this subject now when it is still in the process of being resolved. Specifically, H.R. 6691, legislation introduced by Representative Childers, entitled the Second Amendment Enforcement Act, which will be offered as an amendment in the nature of a substitute, goes far beyond the court's intent. This amendment flies in the face of the Heller decision by prohibiting the District of Columbia from enacting any future laws or regulations that discourage or eliminate the private ownership or use of firearms [¦] Allowing an individual to own an unregistered AK-47 in our nation's capital is pure insanity. And so I support the legislation, and I would ask our Members to vote against the substitute." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Issue Position: Health Care. 15 November 2011. "With each of those letters and calls in mind, on March 21, 2010, I cast the most important vote in my career, in favor of H.R. 3590, the Senate version of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act [PL 111-148]. The American people waited for over 100 years for this legislation that provides quality, affordable health care coverage and fights waste, fraud and abuse." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Issue Position: Health Care. 15 November 2011. "With each of those letters and calls in mind, on March 21, 2010, I cast the most important vote in my career, in favor of H.R. 3590, the Senate version of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act [PL 111-148]. The American people waited for over 100 years for this legislation that provides quality, affordable health care coverage and fights waste, fraud and abuse." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 95 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the American Family Association 5 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Lou Chibbaro Jr. Washington Blade: Md. congressional delegation backs marriage. 28 June 2012. "In an earlier statement released to the Blade last week, Cummings said that while he would not interfere with the "will" of the state legislature on the same-sex marriage law, he added, "I support civil unions, which would ensure that people who care for one another will be able to jointly purchase property, assign Powers of Attorney, make decisions about healthcare for one another, and establish other essential contractual relationships." In the statement he issued on Wednesday, June 27, Cummings did not mention civil unions. "Like many of my friends and colleagues, I have been on a journey when it comes to supporting same-sex marriage," he said in his statement. "When you come from a religious background where you've been taught all your life that marriage is between a man and a woman, and then you find yourself looking at how a society is changing and how many in your own community are seeing the issue in terms of fairness and equality, it makes you re-think your position," he said. "I identify with, for instance, President Obama's evolution on the topic," Cummings said." (www.washingtonblade.com)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "Same-sex couples should be guaranteed equal civil rights through the mechanism of civil unions."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "Same-sex couples should be guaranteed equal civil rights through the mechanism of civil unions."
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 95 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the American Family Association 5 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Elijah Cummings voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Elijah Cummings voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Lou Chibbaro Jr. Washington Blade: Md. congressional delegation backs marriage. 28 June 2012. "In an earlier statement released to the Blade last week, Cummings said that while he would not interfere with the "will" of the state legislature on the same-sex marriage law, he added, "I support civil unions, which would ensure that people who care for one another will be able to jointly purchase property, assign Powers of Attorney, make decisions about healthcare for one another, and establish other essential contractual relationships." In the statement he issued on Wednesday, June 27, Cummings did not mention civil unions. "Like many of my friends and colleagues, I have been on a journey when it comes to supporting same-sex marriage," he said in his statement. "When you come from a religious background where you've been taught all your life that marriage is between a man and a woman, and then you find yourself looking at how a society is changing and how many in your own community are seeing the issue in terms of fairness and equality, it makes you re-think your position," he said. "I identify with, for instance, President Obama's evolution on the topic," Cummings said." (www.washingtonblade.com)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "Same-sex couples should be guaranteed equal civil rights through the mechanism of civil unions."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "Same-sex couples should be guaranteed equal civil rights through the mechanism of civil unions."
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings. Cummings Remembers 9/11 Attacks. 10 September 2011. "Finally, we must reassert our resolve, that this nation will never allow itself to become a victim of terror. While we may suffer losses in our fight to rid the world of political terrorism, we will never falter and allow the principles that have guided the United States since our founding to be compromised or damaged." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "I lack confidence that a missile defense "shield" would be effective as an operational matter. Further testing is required."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Wexler and 246 Members of Congress Urge EU Not to Provide Aid to New Palestinian Government. 21 March 2007. "We are writing to express our appreciation for the efforts of the European Union (EU) to strengthen transatlantic relations, combat global terrorism and to promote stability and peace in the Middle East. We strongly believe that given our mutual security interests cooperation between the United States and EU in these matters is crucial. In the past two years, US-EU cooperation has yielded positive results in a number of areas, including joint counterterrorism operations, Syria's withdrawal from Lebanon, and growing opposition to Iranian nuclear development at the United Nations (UN). As we continue to work together to help create a stable, peaceful and prosperous Middle East, it is more important than ever that the Quartet remain unified, particularly as it relates to the soon-to-be formed Palestinian unity government and the continued intransigence of the terrorist organization Hamas." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Recognizing the Sixth Anniversary of the September 11 Attacks and the Need to Refocus Our Attention on the Global War on Terror. 10 September 2007. "I urge my colleagues to support our troops, support saving taxpayer dollars, and support the victims of September 11 by ushering in measures that will ensure diplomatic multilateral and bilateral support for political reconciliation in Iraq. A more focused and more determined strategy that will refocus and better utilize our efforts to fight the global war on terror is necessary to ensure that the victims of September 11 have not died without adequate retribution." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Cummings Statement On The Death Of Osama Bin Laden. 1 May 2011. "All those who love peace must redouble our efforts to protect the innocent against the forces of terror [¦] The pursuit of bin Laden has been only one part of our war on international terrorism; a war that has cost the lives of more than 6,000 American soldiers." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Cummings Remembers 9/11 Attacks. 10 September 2011. "Finally, we must reassert our resolve, that this nation will never allow itself to become a victim of terror. While we may suffer losses in our fight to rid the world of political terrorism, we will never falter and allow the principles that have guided the United States since our founding to be compromised or damaged." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "I lack confidence that a missile defense "shield" would be effective as an operational matter. Further testing is required."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Elijah Cummings. Wexler and 246 Members of Congress Urge EU Not to Provide Aid to New Palestinian Government. 21 March 2007. "We are writing to express our appreciation for the efforts of the European Union (EU) to strengthen transatlantic relations, combat global terrorism and to promote stability and peace in the Middle East. We strongly believe that given our mutual security interests cooperation between the United States and EU in these matters is crucial. In the past two years, US-EU cooperation has yielded positive results in a number of areas, including joint counterterrorism operations, Syria's withdrawal from Lebanon, and growing opposition to Iranian nuclear development at the United Nations (UN). As we continue to work together to help create a stable, peaceful and prosperous Middle East, it is more important than ever that the Quartet remain unified, particularly as it relates to the soon-to-be formed Palestinian unity government and the continued intransigence of the terrorist organization Hamas." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Recognizing the Sixth Anniversary of the September 11 Attacks and the Need to Refocus Our Attention on the Global War on Terror. 10 September 2007. "I urge my colleagues to support our troops, support saving taxpayer dollars, and support the victims of September 11 by ushering in measures that will ensure diplomatic multilateral and bilateral support for political reconciliation in Iraq. A more focused and more determined strategy that will refocus and better utilize our efforts to fight the global war on terror is necessary to ensure that the victims of September 11 have not died without adequate retribution." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings. Cummings Statement On The Death Of Osama Bin Laden. 1 May 2011. "All those who love peace must redouble our efforts to protect the innocent against the forces of terror [¦] The pursuit of bin Laden has been only one part of our war on international terrorism; a war that has cost the lives of more than 6,000 American soldiers." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Elijah Cummings signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Elijah Cummings signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Elijah Cummings. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Elijah Cummings supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Maryland Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.

1) Budget Priorities

Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Greatly Increasee) Environment
Slightly Increasef) FEMA
Slightly Increaseg) Homeland security
Slightly Increaseh) International aid
Slightly Increasei) Law enforcement (Federal)
Slightly Increasej) Law enforcement (State)
Slightly Increasek) Medical research
Maintain Statusl) National parks
Greatly Increasem) Public health services
Slightly Increasen) Scientific research
Slightly Increaseo) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasep) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Increaseq) United Nations
Greatly Increaser) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories

2) Defense Spending

Slightly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Greatly Decreasee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

3) Taxes

Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.

Family Income Taxes

Greatly Decreasea) Less than $12,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $12,001-$40,000
Maintain Statusc) $40,001-$100,000
Maintain Statusd) $100,001-$180,000
Greatly Increasee) $180,001-$350,000
Greatly Increasef) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes

Slightly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Increaseb) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits

Maintain Statusa) Charitable contribution deduction
Maintain Statusb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles

Utilize pay-go rules of budgetary discipline. Eliminate Bush tax cuts on individual annual incomes exceeding $150,000. Limit percentage increase in federal debt to percentage growth in GDP.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

Xa) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
Xg) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
Xi) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
Xj) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xe) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xg) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xh) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles

Stricter penalties for corporate crimes resulting in significant public losses.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

Xa) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
Xe) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
Xf) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
Xg) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
Xh) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
Xi) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
Xc) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
Xd) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xe) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xd) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xe) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
Xh) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
Xj) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
Xk) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
Xl) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.

On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.

Greatly Increasec) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Slightly Increased) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.

Xa) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xc) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
Xd) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xf) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program.
d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
Xg) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.

Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.

Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesd) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Noe) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
Yesf) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

I support Senator Obama's plan for redeployment. We also should work for an international peace-keeping presence in Iraq. A regional, multinational non-aggression organization including Iraq and its neighbors should be established with time-limited U.S. guarantees against invasion of Iraq by any other power.

Yesh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yesi) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yesj) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Undecidedk) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Nol) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Nom) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yesn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yeso) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Undecidedp) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Yesr) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles

U.S. support should be provided through international and multilateral organizations.

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Noa) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Yesb) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yesc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yesd) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles

Free trade agreements should protect workers' rights and require reasonable environmental standards. Health and safety inspections of imports into the United States should be strengthened.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Noa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Noe) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Nof) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Nog) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Noh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles

I lack confidence that a missile defense "shield" would be effective as an operational matter. Further testing is required.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

Noa) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Nob) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Yesd) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
Yese) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Yesf) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yesg) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

Same-sex couples should be guaranteed equal civil rights through the mechanism of civil unions.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
Xd) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xc) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
Xd) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles

Increase federal funding for child care, Head Start, Healthy Start, job training and job-related transportation.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

Expand the availability of affordable health care and fully fund No Child Left Behind by making the tax code more progressive and eliminating the Bush Administration's tax cuts for the very wealthy.