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Jim Marshall's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Jim Marshall refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. James Marshall supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2009. . (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. James Marshall supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2009. . (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 760. 108th Congress. To prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. . James Marshall voted YES on 4 June 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. James Marshall supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2008.. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. . James Marshall voted NO on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. . James Marshall voted YES on 2 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. . James Marshall voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. House Democrats Release Historic Catholic Statement of Principles. 28 February 2006. "We envision a world in which every child belongs to a loving family and agree with the Catholic Church about the value of human life and the undesirability of abortion-we do not celebrate its practice. Each of us is committed to reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies and creating an environment with policies that encourage pregnancies to be carried to term. We believe this includes promoting alternatives to abortion, such as adoption, and improving access to children=s healthcare and child care, as well as policies that encourage paternal and maternal responsibility." . (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. James Marshall supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 27 percent in 2009. . (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. . James Marshall voted YES on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. . James Marshall voted NO on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. The Estate Tax. 21 June 2006. "I have voted to cut estate taxes by immediately increasing the size of the exemption to $3.5 million per individual, $7 million per couple, inflation indexed. I'd vote for an even higher estate tax exemption. But at some point we have to prioritize which cuts to make and when to make them. We can eliminate taxes on large estates when we can afford it. We clearly cannot afford it now." . (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Club for Growth. 2008. . James Marshall supported the interests of the Club for Growth 20 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. . James Marshall voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. . James Marshall voted YES on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. MSNBC "Race For The White House With David Gregory" - Transcript. . 30 September 2008. "The bill as structured, if it works as we plan, they won't pay for the sins of Wall Street. Wall Street should pay for its own sins, and frankly for then some, because we've been dragged down by -- and it's not just Wall Street. There are a whole bunch of irresponsible people involved in this, from borrowers to mortgage brokers to lenders to investors, the rating agencies, Greenspan. I mean, this has been going on for some time. People in the know knew that, in fact, this was a house of cards. And it's come back to haunt a lot of innocent bystanders. There's no reason why they shouldn't be really mad about this, just like you are, just like I am. And they don't want Wall Street bailed out at their expense, and I absolutely agree with them. This bill doesn't do that." (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. National Public Radio "All Things Considered" - Transcript. . 29 September 2008. "I was trying to persuade my colleagues to support this [bailout] bill. The phone calls that people are receiving, I think, are understandably very angry. I was off-the-charts angry when I first heard about this, when I first saw the Treasury's proposal and I can understand people being just livid! I don't want to help out one whit the irresponsible people who have dragged us into this -- whether it's the borrowers or the lenders or the investors or the Wall Street crowd. I don't care who they are! I don't want to help them out! But this is something that's going to affect our overall economy and an awful lot of people that I represent in a very, very bad way. And so although it's very unpopular, I've got to take a different view and take my licks, if that's what I get." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Marshall. Some Important Issues. 1 January 2001. "Protect Social Security, fairly fund Medicare and provide prescription drug relief for seniors: I'm pleased and honored to have the endorsement of the non-partisan National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare, by far the largest seniors group that makes political endorsements. Social Security benefits should be guaranteed without worry." . (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. James Marshall supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 30 percent in 2005-2006. . (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 2009. James Marshall supported the interests of Environment America 80 percent in 2009. . (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. 2007. James Marshall supported the interests of Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund 50 percent in 2007. . (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. . James Marshall voted NO on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Marshall. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. . James Marshall voted YES on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. James Marshall supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 0 percent from 1991 and 2003. . (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave James Marshall a grade of B. . (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. Some Important Issues. 1 January 2001. "Guarantee privacy rights and personal freedoms, such as our 2nd Amendment right to bear arms: Personal privacy and freedom is a fundamental right and privilege of all Americans. Whether the subject is medical records or firearms or any number of other personal or family matters, law-abiding citizens enjoy a basic zone of personal privacy. Government needs to keep its nose out of that zone." . (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 2009. James Marshall supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 33 percent in 2009. . (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. . James Marshall voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. Op Ed: Health Care's Achilles Heel: Our Third-Party Payment System. 2 November 2009. "Over the past 60 years, America has migrated from a relatively efficient, free-market health care payment system, one in which patients and health care providers directly managed health care costs, to an inefficient, third-party payment system run by health insurance companies, Medicare and Medicaid. Now most patients and their health care providers have only an indirect role in managing cost. This migration thankfully increased the percentage of Americans with reasonable access to health care. But as basic micro economic theory predicts, the third-party payment system path we chose to achieve this worthy goal has caused a dramatic increase in health care overhead, gross economic inefficiency, explosive cost growth and inevitable waste, fraud and abuse." (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. Op-Ed - Real Health-Care Reform: Why America Must Move Away From its Third-Party-Payer System. 15 July 2010. "The recently passed health-care-reform legislation, which I opposed, has been pilloried as "worse than 9/11" and "the end of prosperity in America forever" and "the end of America as you know it" and "the end of the republic." Utter nonsense. Its supporters have said the new law "is a triumph in terms of deficit reduction" that will "significantly reduce long-term health-care costs" and "not add one dime to the deficit" and "strengthen Medicare" and "reduce premiums and out-of-pocket costs." Unfortunately, this is also nonsense. Structurally, the legislation is just more of the same -- a few box cars added to a runaway economic freight train hauling the nation toward bankruptcy." . (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. James Marshall supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 82 percent in 2007-2008. . (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. James Marshall supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 0 percent in 2007-2010. . (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. Immigration. 20 July 2006. "No one wants illegal immigration, at least no one who is credible, which is why I have voted for every reasonable measure to end it. I am particularly troubled by amnesty proposals that reward wrongdoing and encourage more of it in the future." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. James Marshall supported the interests of Peace Action West 8 percent in 2009. . (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. . James Marshall voted NO on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • James Marshall. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. . James Marshall voted NO on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Marshall. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. . James Marshall voted YES on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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