Representative John Barrow's Political Positions

Office: U.S. House (GA) - District 12, Democratic
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John Barrow has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. John Barrow is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-choice (votesmart.org)
  • Larry Peterson. SavannahNow: U.S. Rep. John Barrow will vote against Obama's health care bill. 20 March 2010. "He also restated his opposition to letting federal funds be used for abortions and implied his vote on the bill would reflect constituents' views." (savannahnow.com)
  • John Barrow. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. John Barrow voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Barrow voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 50 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. John Barrow voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave John Barrow a rating of 94 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. John Barrow voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. John Barrow voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Family Research Council 37 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 57 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-choice (votesmart.org)
  • Larry Peterson. SavannahNow: U.S. Rep. John Barrow will vote against Obama's health care bill. 20 March 2010. "He also restated his opposition to letting federal funds be used for abortions and implied his vote on the bill would reflect constituents' views." (savannahnow.com)
  • John Barrow. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. John Barrow voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Barrow voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 50 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. John Barrow voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave John Barrow a rating of 94 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. John Barrow voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. John Barrow voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Family Research Council 37 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 57 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Taxes. 7 November 2011. "Congressman Barrow knows that working families already pay too much in taxes. That's why lowering taxes has been a top priority for Congressman Barrow. As a County Commissioner, John Barrow voted against every tax increase he could and supported tax cuts that significantly reduced the tax burden on his constituents. In Congress, he's done the same." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 40 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 32 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Announces Middle-Class Tax Cut Takes Effect Today.16 April 2009. "The White House estimates that 3.4 million families in Georgia will benefit from the "Making Work Pay" tax credit, pumping an additional $1.7 billion into the local economy. This is one of the fastest and broadest tax cuts in American history. "One of the most important things we can do for middle-class families is to get more money in their pockets," said Barrow. "For folks struggling to get food on the table, this is a way to help make ends meet."" (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. The National Deficit. 26 January 2005. "Before I was elected to Congress, I served 14 years on the Athens-Clarke County Commission. During that time I never once voted to increase taxes, and that is a record I am proud of. Not only that, I put together a perfect record of voting for balanced budgets, year after year; and that is also a record I am proud of [¦] We have many commitments: we must continue to support our troops in the war on terror; we must keep the promise of Social Security; we must find ways to lower the tax burden for all of our working families. But we have to start keeping those commitments by using only the money that we have, without raising taxes and without forcing our children and grandchildren to pay our bills." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 40 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 32 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Announces Middle-Class Tax Cut Takes Effect Today.16 April 2009. "The White House estimates that 3.4 million families in Georgia will benefit from the "Making Work Pay" tax credit, pumping an additional $1.7 billion into the local economy. This is one of the fastest and broadest tax cuts in American history. "One of the most important things we can do for middle-class families is to get more money in their pockets," said Barrow. "For folks struggling to get food on the table, this is a way to help make ends meet."" (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Taxes. 7 November 2011. "Congressman Barrow knows that working families already pay too much in taxes. That's why lowering taxes has been a top priority for Congressman Barrow. As a County Commissioner, John Barrow voted against every tax increase he could and supported tax cuts that significantly reduced the tax burden on his constituents. In Congress, he's done the same." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. The National Deficit. 26 January 2005. "Before I was elected to Congress, I served 14 years on the Athens-Clarke County Commission. During that time I never once voted to increase taxes, and that is a record I am proud of. Not only that, I put together a perfect record of voting for balanced budgets, year after year; and that is also a record I am proud of [¦] We have many commitments: we must continue to support our troops in the war on terror; we must keep the promise of Social Security; we must find ways to lower the tax burden for all of our working families. But we have to start keeping those commitments by using only the money that we have, without raising taxes and without forcing our children and grandchildren to pay our bills." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Barrow. Barrow Commends Perdue For Accepting All Recovery Act Funds . 10 March 2009. "I want to commend you for your decision to accept all of the funds that Georgia is entitled to under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. With jobs disappearing at rates not seen since the end of World War II, and unemployment in Georgia above the national average, it's essential that we work together to get our economy back in shape and unemployed people back to work. Meanwhile, I believe we have to do whatever we reasonably can to lessen the impact on those who are suffering through no fault of their own, and help tide them over until the number of jobs catches up with the number of those looking for work. That's why I ask that you put these recovery dollars to work as soon as possible." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Announces Middle-Class Tax Cut Takes Effect Today. 7 April 2009. "The "Making Work Pay" provision of the Recovery Act provides a refundable tax credit up to $400 for working individuals and $800 for married taxpayers filing joint returns through 2010. Families should see at least a $65 dollar per month increase in their take home pay." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Releases Recovery Act Guidebook. 9 March 2009. "I'm hoping folks in our community will use this guidebook as a resource as they seek Recovery Act funds. This money can do great things for communities, especially when it comes to getting folks back to work. But they need to know where the money is coming from, and where it's going, to make the best use of it - and the sooner the better." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Votes To Extend Unemployment Insurance Benefits, Stimulate Local Economy. 30 September 2009. "When a mom or dad loses their job, the whole family suffers. It's taking longer than ever to get a new job, and we need to take care of those folks who've lost their jobs through no fault of their own. This money will also help bring our local economy back on track because the folks who receive these benefits will be spending the money to buy groceries, put gas in their cars, and make their mortgage payments on time." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Applauds Bipartisan Economic Stimulus Plan Signed Into Law, 3.9 Million in Georgia to Receive Tax Cut. 13 February 2008. "Members of Congress from both sides of the aisle and the President worked together to help the people we represent. The plan signed into law today will give our economy a boost, create jobs, and make it easier for families to make ends meet. This is a great example of what we can accomplish when we work together on behalf of the American people. The law will provide a tax rebate for low and middle-income families who've been hit hardest by the recent economic downturn. More than 130 million families across the country will receive a tax rebate. The plan will also provide tax rebate checks to 28 million households of senior citizens and disabled veterans." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. House Passes Barrow Amendment to Small Business Lending Act. 17 June 2010. "The State Small Business Credit Initiative Program provides $2 billion in funding for new or existing state lending programs. These programs already exist in around thirty states, and use small amounts of public dollars to generate substantial private bank financing. By supporting existing expertise in states around the country and using an existing model that is easy to replicate, this program will quickly increase small business lending and create jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. John Barrow voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 42 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. John Barrow voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave John Barrow a rating of 25 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Commends Perdue For Accepting All Recovery Act Funds . 10 March 2009. "I want to commend you for your decision to accept all of the funds that Georgia is entitled to under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. With jobs disappearing at rates not seen since the end of World War II, and unemployment in Georgia above the national average, it's essential that we work together to get our economy back in shape and unemployed people back to work. Meanwhile, I believe we have to do whatever we reasonably can to lessen the impact on those who are suffering through no fault of their own, and help tide them over until the number of jobs catches up with the number of those looking for work. That's why I ask that you put these recovery dollars to work as soon as possible." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Votes To Create Hundreds Of Thousands Of Jobs This Year. 15 March 2010. "The HIRE Act includes a payroll tax holiday for businesses that hire unemployed workers to create some 300,000 jobs, and an income tax credit of $1,000 for businesses that retain these employees. It also includes tax cuts to help small businesses invest, expand, and hire more workers, provisions to make it easier for states to take up infrastructure projects such as school construction and energy retrofitting, and an extension of the Highway Trust Fund that allows for billions of dollars in infrastructure development around the country. We need to get as many Americans back to work as quickly as possible. And we need to do it in a way that gives working families a chance to succeed again. This is a step in the right direction." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Announces Middle-Class Tax Cut Takes Effect Today. 7 April 2009. "The "Making Work Pay" provision of the Recovery Act provides a refundable tax credit up to $400 for working individuals and $800 for married taxpayers filing joint returns through 2010. Families should see at least a $65 dollar per month increase in their take home pay." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Releases Recovery Act Guidebook. 9 March 2009. "I'm hoping folks in our community will use this guidebook as a resource as they seek Recovery Act funds. This money can do great things for communities, especially when it comes to getting folks back to work. But they need to know where the money is coming from, and where it's going, to make the best use of it - and the sooner the better." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Votes To Extend Unemployment Insurance Benefits, Stimulate Local Economy. 30 September 2009. "When a mom or dad loses their job, the whole family suffers. It's taking longer than ever to get a new job, and we need to take care of those folks who've lost their jobs through no fault of their own. This money will also help bring our local economy back on track because the folks who receive these benefits will be spending the money to buy groceries, put gas in their cars, and make their mortgage payments on time." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Applauds Bipartisan Economic Stimulus Plan Signed Into Law, 3.9 Million in Georgia to Receive Tax Cut. 13 February 2008. "Members of Congress from both sides of the aisle and the President worked together to help the people we represent. The plan signed into law today will give our economy a boost, create jobs, and make it easier for families to make ends meet. This is a great example of what we can accomplish when we work together on behalf of the American people. The law will provide a tax rebate for low and middle-income families who've been hit hardest by the recent economic downturn. More than 130 million families across the country will receive a tax rebate. The plan will also provide tax rebate checks to 28 million households of senior citizens and disabled veterans." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. House Passes Barrow Amendment to Small Business Lending Act. 17 June 2010. "The State Small Business Credit Initiative Program provides $2 billion in funding for new or existing state lending programs. These programs already exist in around thirty states, and use small amounts of public dollars to generate substantial private bank financing. By supporting existing expertise in states around the country and using an existing model that is easy to replicate, this program will quickly increase small business lending and create jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. John Barrow voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 42 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. John Barrow voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Votes To Create Hundreds Of Thousands Of Jobs This Year. 15 March 2010. "The HIRE Act includes a payroll tax holiday for businesses that hire unemployed workers to create some 300,000 jobs, and an income tax credit of $1,000 for businesses that retain these employees. It also includes tax cuts to help small businesses invest, expand, and hire more workers, provisions to make it easier for states to take up infrastructure projects such as school construction and energy retrofitting, and an extension of the Highway Trust Fund that allows for billions of dollars in infrastructure development around the country. We need to get as many Americans back to work as quickly as possible. And we need to do it in a way that gives working families a chance to succeed again. This is a step in the right direction." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave John Barrow a rating of 25 percent." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Education. 4 April 2011. "Our schools have a responsibility to leave no child behind academically, and I'm committed to improving the law to make it work better for students, teachers, schools, and states. My priorities include: Shifting the focus off labels for struggling schools and onto better support for these schools in their efforts to turn themselves around, with increased funding and the time they need to implement reforms and get results." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Announces 12th District Schools to Receive an Estimated $70.9 Million. 20 August 2012. "Congressman John Barrow (GA-12) announced today that an estimated $70,969,000 in emergency education funding has been released for schools in Georgia's 12th District to help save education-related jobs and maintain programs for low-income students and students with disabilities. Schools in the 12th District will receive an estimated $42,376,000 in Title I funds and $28,593,000 in IDEA funds [¦] 'This bill will help the kids who need it most right now, and will prepare them better for the future,' said Barrow. 'At times like these, we need to be investing in our kids, and that includes saving the jobs of the folks who work in our schools, not firing them.'" (barrow.house.gov)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Education. 4 April 2011. "Our schools have a responsibility to leave no child behind academically, and I'm committed to improving the law to make it work better for students, teachers, schools, and states. My priorities include: Shifting the focus off labels for struggling schools and onto better support for these schools in their efforts to turn themselves around, with increased funding and the time they need to implement reforms and get results." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Announces 12th District Schools to Receive an Estimated $70.9 Million. 20 August 2012. "Congressman John Barrow (GA-12) announced today that an estimated $70,969,000 in emergency education funding has been released for schools in Georgia's 12th District to help save education-related jobs and maintain programs for low-income students and students with disabilities. Schools in the 12th District will receive an estimated $42,376,000 in Title I funds and $28,593,000 in IDEA funds [¦] 'This bill will help the kids who need it most right now, and will prepare them better for the future,' said Barrow. 'At times like these, we need to be investing in our kids, and that includes saving the jobs of the folks who work in our schools, not firing them.'" (barrow.house.gov)

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Keystone XL Pipeline will lower our dependence on oil from the Middle East and create American jobs..." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Barrow. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). John Barrow voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 90 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund 20 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Barrow in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Barrow in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of Environment America 87 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Whitfield, Barrow Introduce Bill that Requires EPA to Consider Gasoline Regulations Costs to Consumers. 23 April 2012. "Everywhere I go, folks are worried about the price of a gallon of gasoline. The legislation that Congressman Whitfield and I have introduced will halt new EPA regulations until after they've considered the impact on jobs and economic growth -- including the impact a regulation could have at the pump." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Letter to Lisa Jackson, Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. 16 June 2010. "We are writing to express our deep disappointment and concern over the EPA's decision in its final PSD Tailoring Rule to depart from the government's consistent past practice of excluding biomass combustion emissions in calculating GHG emissions. This decision contradicts federal precedent regarding the carbon neutrality of biomass combustion and will discourage the responsible development and utilization of renewable biomass that could and should play a more significant role in our nation's energy policy." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Energy. 4 November 2011. "On June 26, 2009, the House of Representatives voted on H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act, also known as Cap and Trade or Waxman-Markey. While I believe that global climate change is a huge concern, and we need to do everything we can to create new sources of energy that are clean, cheap, and abundant, I wasn't able to support this legislation for a couple of reasons." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. EPA Regulatory Relief Act of 2011. 6 October 2011. "I'm proud to be an original sponsor of the EPA Regulatory Relief Act. This legislation was drafted in response to new EPA regulations on emissions from industrial boilers. I believe those regulations, however well meaning, cannot reasonably be met with today's technologies. I believe that this bill is a more reasonable solution than that proposed by the EPA." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Legislation Included in House Energy Bill. 21 June 2012. "U.S. Congressman John Barrow (GA-12), a member of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, today voted for a bill in the U.S. House of Representatives, the Domestic Energy and Jobs Act, H.R. 4480, to create jobs, spur economic growth, and reduce energy prices. Included in the overall package was a bill Congressman Barrow introduced with Congressman Ed Whitfield (R-KY) that requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to consider the impact of certain regulations on gas prices. "Too much bureaucratic red tape is standing in the way of our economic growth," said Congressman Barrow. "The last thing folks need are more government regulations driving up the cost of a gallon of gas and making us more reliant on foreign oil. This bill takes the necessary steps to drive down energy costs and create jobs, two concerns Georgia families express to me as I travel throughout the 12th District."" (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 90 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund 20 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Barrow in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Barrow in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). John Barrow voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of Environment America 87 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Whitfield, Barrow Introduce Bill that Requires EPA to Consider Gasoline Regulations Costs to Consumers. 23 April 2012. "Everywhere I go, folks are worried about the price of a gallon of gasoline. The legislation that Congressman Whitfield and I have introduced will halt new EPA regulations until after they've considered the impact on jobs and economic growth -- including the impact a regulation could have at the pump." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Letter to Lisa Jackson, Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. 16 June 2010. "We are writing to express our deep disappointment and concern over the EPA's decision in its final PSD Tailoring Rule to depart from the government's consistent past practice of excluding biomass combustion emissions in calculating GHG emissions. This decision contradicts federal precedent regarding the carbon neutrality of biomass combustion and will discourage the responsible development and utilization of renewable biomass that could and should play a more significant role in our nation's energy policy." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Energy. 4 November 2011. "On June 26, 2009, the House of Representatives voted on H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act, also known as Cap and Trade or Waxman-Markey. While I believe that global climate change is a huge concern, and we need to do everything we can to create new sources of energy that are clean, cheap, and abundant, I wasn't able to support this legislation for a couple of reasons." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. EPA Regulatory Relief Act of 2011. 6 October 2011. "I'm proud to be an original sponsor of the EPA Regulatory Relief Act. This legislation was drafted in response to new EPA regulations on emissions from industrial boilers. I believe those regulations, however well meaning, cannot reasonably be met with today's technologies. I believe that this bill is a more reasonable solution than that proposed by the EPA." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Legislation Included in House Energy Bill. 21 June 2012. "U.S. Congressman John Barrow (GA-12), a member of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, today voted for a bill in the U.S. House of Representatives, the Domestic Energy and Jobs Act, H.R. 4480, to create jobs, spur economic growth, and reduce energy prices. Included in the overall package was a bill Congressman Barrow introduced with Congressman Ed Whitfield (R-KY) that requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to consider the impact of certain regulations on gas prices. "Too much bureaucratic red tape is standing in the way of our economic growth," said Congressman Barrow. "The last thing folks need are more government regulations driving up the cost of a gallon of gas and making us more reliant on foreign oil. This bill takes the necessary steps to drive down energy costs and create jobs, two concerns Georgia families express to me as I travel throughout the 12th District."" (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Whether you're using your firearms to protect your family or for hunting, you can count on John Barrow to stand up against any plans that restricts the Second Amendment." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement On D.C. Gun Bill . 16 July 2008. "The right to bear arms belongs to every citizen of the United States. It doesn't, and shouldn't, disappear when you cross into our nation's capital. I voted against this bill because it would place unnecessary restrictions on a constitutional right, and that's something I can't abide by." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Environment. 7 August 2012. "Since taking office, I've [¦] -Cosponsored and voted for the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, to prohibit frivolous lawsuits from being filed against the manufacturers, distributors, dealers, or importers of firearms or ammunition arising out of the misuse of their products by others. This bill would also make sure that these same manufacturers are held responsible if they make a defective product or break the law. -Voted to oppose a national database of gun owners so that our privacy and constitutional rights are protected." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Outdoor Heritage and Protecting the Environment. 1 January 2011. "I know that the right to bear arms is just as important as the right to access land for hunting and fishing. And in Congress, I've consistently voted to protect our 2nd Amendment rights and defend our lands for hunting, fishing, camping, and hiking." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. John Barrow voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Outdoor Heritage and Protecting the Environment. 1 January 2011. "I know that the right to bear arms is just as important as the right to access land for hunting and fishing. And in Congress, I've consistently voted to protect our 2nd Amendment rights and defend our lands for hunting, fishing, camping, and hiking." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Environment. 7 August 2012. "Since taking office, I've [¦] -Cosponsored and voted for the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, to prohibit frivolous lawsuits from being filed against the manufacturers, distributors, dealers, or importers of firearms or ammunition arising out of the misuse of their products by others. This bill would also make sure that these same manufacturers are held responsible if they make a defective product or break the law. -Voted to oppose a national database of gun owners so that our privacy and constitutional rights are protected." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement On D.C. Gun Bill . 16 July 2008. "The right to bear arms belongs to every citizen of the United States. It doesn't, and shouldn't, disappear when you cross into our nation's capital. I voted against this bill because it would place unnecessary restrictions on a constitutional right, and that's something I can't abide by." (votesmart.org)
  • "Whether you're using your firearms to protect your family or for hunting, you can count on John Barrow to stand up against any plans that restricts the Second Amendment." (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed John Barrow in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. John Barrow voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John Barrow a grade of 55." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. John Barrow voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. John Barrow voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. John Barrow voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John Barrow a grade of 55." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. John Barrow voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed John Barrow in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement On Health Care Legislation Before Congress. 29 March 2010. "I am strongly in favor of reforming the health care system, but I don't think this bill is going to do it, and therefore I can't support it. It puts too much of the burden of paying for it on working folks who are already being overcharged, and that's not fair. It threatens to overwhelm Medicaid in Georgia, and that's not right. And it barely touches the insurance companies, and that's not smart. We can do better and I'm ready to start." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement Following Health Care Vote. 29 March 2010. "I voted against this bill because I just don't think middle class folks can afford the additional taxes that they will face to pay for this. I'm glad we're doing something about the insurance companies, but I don't think it goes far enough. Working folks are paying too much, and we can't keep making working folks pay for reform, especially in times like these. But this is a start, and we've got to start somewhere. Going forward, I will work with folks from both sides of the aisle to make sure that we're preserving what's good about our health care system, while making it fairer and more affordable for all." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement on Supreme Court Decision. 28 June 2012. "This health care legislation was flawed from the beginning, which is why I voted against this law in committee and twice on the House floor. For the most part, the Supreme Court has ruled that the law doesn't violate the Constitution, but that won't fix the problems the law doesn't solve, and it won't fix the problems the law actually makes worse. We have to cut spending and cut health costs, but it starts with rejecting the false choice being offered by both parties, that it's all or nothing." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Continues Efforts to Fix New Healthcare Law. 17 March 2011. "Insurance agents and brokers serve as the voice of health insurance for millions of families and small businesses in rural communities. These folks can help explain to consumers the many changes taking place in the healthcare world over the next few years, and so it's important that our insurance agents are not hampered by provisions in the new healthcare law. This is another critical improvement that needs to be made to the healthcare law, and I'm hopeful that my colleagues on both sides of the aisle will work with Mike and me to see that this important improvement is implemented." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 60 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. John Barrow voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement On Health Care Legislation Before Congress. 29 March 2010. "I am strongly in favor of reforming the health care system, but I don't think this bill is going to do it, and therefore I can't support it. It puts too much of the burden of paying for it on working folks who are already being overcharged, and that's not fair. It threatens to overwhelm Medicaid in Georgia, and that's not right. And it barely touches the insurance companies, and that's not smart. We can do better and I'm ready to start." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Democrats and Republicans Wrong on Health Care. 11 July 2012. "U.S. Congressman John Barrow (GA-12) today announced that he would vote against the full repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordability Care Act (PPACA). After voting against the bill in the House Energy and Commerce Committee and twice on the House floor, Congressman Barrow has led the effort to change the law to remove burdensome regulations and mandates on businesses, while fighting to lower insurance costs on Georgia's families [¦] Since it was signed into law, Congressman Barrow has worked tirelessly to repeal the mandates, taxes, and burdensome regulations contained in the PPACA [¦] Congressman Barrow introduced bipartisan legislation that would preserve consumer access to licensed insurance agents and brokers by excluding their commissions from the so-called Medical Loss Ratio, which has caused insurers to dramatically cut the commissions to agents and brokers that they depend on in order to serve their customers." (votesmart.org)
  • "I voted against the bill for many reasons, including the burdens of the individual mandate. But I have also been a sponsor of the legislation to repeal or delay the individual mandate." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement Following Health Care Vote. 29 March 2010. "I voted against this bill because I just don't think middle class folks can afford the additional taxes that they will face to pay for this. I'm glad we're doing something about the insurance companies, but I don't think it goes far enough. Working folks are paying too much, and we can't keep making working folks pay for reform, especially in times like these. But this is a start, and we've got to start somewhere. Going forward, I will work with folks from both sides of the aisle to make sure that we're preserving what's good about our health care system, while making it fairer and more affordable for all." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement on Supreme Court Decision. 28 June 2012. "This health care legislation was flawed from the beginning, which is why I voted against this law in committee and twice on the House floor. For the most part, the Supreme Court has ruled that the law doesn't violate the Constitution, but that won't fix the problems the law doesn't solve, and it won't fix the problems the law actually makes worse. We have to cut spending and cut health costs, but it starts with rejecting the false choice being offered by both parties, that it's all or nothing." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Continues Efforts to Fix New Healthcare Law. 17 March 2011. "Insurance agents and brokers serve as the voice of health insurance for millions of families and small businesses in rural communities. These folks can help explain to consumers the many changes taking place in the healthcare world over the next few years, and so it's important that our insurance agents are not hampered by provisions in the new healthcare law. This is another critical improvement that needs to be made to the healthcare law, and I'm hopeful that my colleagues on both sides of the aisle will work with Mike and me to see that this important improvement is implemented." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 60 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. John Barrow voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Democrats and Republicans Wrong on Health Care. 11 July 2012. "U.S. Congressman John Barrow (GA-12) today announced that he would vote against the full repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordability Care Act (PPACA). After voting against the bill in the House Energy and Commerce Committee and twice on the House floor, Congressman Barrow has led the effort to change the law to remove burdensome regulations and mandates on businesses, while fighting to lower insurance costs on Georgia's families [¦] Since it was signed into law, Congressman Barrow has worked tirelessly to repeal the mandates, taxes, and burdensome regulations contained in the PPACA [¦] Congressman Barrow introduced bipartisan legislation that would preserve consumer access to licensed insurance agents and brokers by excluding their commissions from the so-called Medical Loss Ratio, which has caused insurers to dramatically cut the commissions to agents and brokers that they depend on in order to serve their customers." (votesmart.org)
  • "I voted against the bill for many reasons, including the burdens of the individual mandate. But I have also been a sponsor of the legislation to repeal or delay the individual mandate." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed John Barrow in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Immigration Reform. 4 November 2011. "John Barrow's position on immigration reform is simple: secure our borders first and enforce the laws already on the books. Better border security means better homeland security, and that has to be our first priority. Congressman Barrow opposes amnesty in any form, because that will only encourage more illegal immigration." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Makes Good on Promise to Provide Additional Resources to Fight Illegal Immigration. 2 June 2011. "Last night, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an amendment authored by Congressman John Barrow (GA-12) that would prioritize funding for the Law Enforcement Support Center (LESC), an organization that helps identify and deport illegal immigrants. Barrow offered the amendment to H.R. 2017, the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2012. The LESC aids local law enforcement by serving as a repository of information regarding the immigration status of illegal immigrants suspected, arrested, or convicted of criminal activity. In FY 2010, the LESC fielded over 1 million requests for information from local law enforcement, and that number is expected to increase given recent changes to state immigration laws." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Immigration Reform. 15 May 2006. "The President insists that the plan he outlined tonight is not amnesty, but I disagree. Any plan that gives illegal immigrants the legal right to stay in this country indefinitely amounts to amnesty - no matter what you call it. If President Bush is really serious about securing our borders he ought to focus on that, and stop insisting on some sort of amnesty plan. We need to work on what we can all agree on." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 67 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. John Barrow voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. John Barrow voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed John Barrow in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed John Barrow in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Immigration Reform. 4 November 2011. "John Barrow's position on immigration reform is simple: secure our borders first and enforce the laws already on the books. Better border security means better homeland security, and that has to be our first priority. Congressman Barrow opposes amnesty in any form, because that will only encourage more illegal immigration." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Makes Good on Promise to Provide Additional Resources to Fight Illegal Immigration. 2 June 2011. "Last night, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an amendment authored by Congressman John Barrow (GA-12) that would prioritize funding for the Law Enforcement Support Center (LESC), an organization that helps identify and deport illegal immigrants. Barrow offered the amendment to H.R. 2017, the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2012. The LESC aids local law enforcement by serving as a repository of information regarding the immigration status of illegal immigrants suspected, arrested, or convicted of criminal activity. In FY 2010, the LESC fielded over 1 million requests for information from local law enforcement, and that number is expected to increase given recent changes to state immigration laws." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Immigration Reform. 15 May 2006. "The President insists that the plan he outlined tonight is not amnesty, but I disagree. Any plan that gives illegal immigrants the legal right to stay in this country indefinitely amounts to amnesty - no matter what you call it. If President Bush is really serious about securing our borders he ought to focus on that, and stop insisting on some sort of amnesty plan. We need to work on what we can all agree on." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 67 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. John Barrow voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. John Barrow voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed John Barrow in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Family Research Council 71 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 71 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 60 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the American Family Association 27 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Human Rights Campaign (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Statement from Congressman John Barrow on the State Court's Decision to Strike Down Georgia's Same Sex Marriage Law. 17 May 2006. ""I believe that any individual has the right to live his or her life as they please within the law, but I also believe that marriage should follow law and tradition and remain between a man and a woman [¦] That is why this morning I have cosponsored two bills that deal directly with same sex marriage: House Joint Resolution 39 and House Resolution 1100 [¦] House Joint Resolution 39 would adopt a Constitutional Amendment declaring that marriage in the United States consists only of a legal union of a man and a woman, and House Resolution 1100, the Marriage Protection Act, would amend the Federal judicial code to limit the jurisdiction of Federal courts to hear or decide questions related to the Defense of Marriage Act, passed in 2004. " (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). John Barrow voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. John Barrow voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Family Research Council 71 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 71 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 60 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the American Family Association 27 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Human Rights Campaign (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Statement from Congressman John Barrow on the State Court's Decision to Strike Down Georgia's Same Sex Marriage Law. 17 May 2006. ""I believe that any individual has the right to live his or her life as they please within the law, but I also believe that marriage should follow law and tradition and remain between a man and a woman [¦] That is why this morning I have cosponsored two bills that deal directly with same sex marriage: House Joint Resolution 39 and House Resolution 1100 [¦] House Joint Resolution 39 would adopt a Constitutional Amendment declaring that marriage in the United States consists only of a legal union of a man and a woman, and House Resolution 1100, the Marriage Protection Act, would amend the Federal judicial code to limit the jurisdiction of Federal courts to hear or decide questions related to the Defense of Marriage Act, passed in 2004. " (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). John Barrow voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. John Barrow voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 36 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 36 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. John Barrow voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement on Killing of Osama bin Laden. 2 May 2011. "This is a true victory for our country, and it shows that Americans are committed to fighting terrorism wherever it hides, and for however long it takes. Our military leaders, intelligence community, and brave men and women who executed the raid that killed bin Laden deserve special commendation today. These folks have never wavered in their commitment to our country, and our entire nation is grateful for their service. Anyone who attacks America needs to know that our people and our country will not rest until justice is done." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: War on Terror. 4 November 2011. "The men and women who are defending our freedoms and promoting democracy in Iraq, Afghanistan, and around the world deserve our total support and our unwavering commitment. That's why Congressman Barrow has consistently voted to give our troops the resources they need on the battlefield, and to give our intelligence agencies the help they need to stop terrorist attacks before they happen." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Barrow Statement on Killing of Osama bin Laden. 2 May 2011. "This is a true victory for our country, and it shows that Americans are committed to fighting terrorism wherever it hides, and for however long it takes. Our military leaders, intelligence community, and brave men and women who executed the raid that killed bin Laden deserve special commendation today. These folks have never wavered in their commitment to our country, and our entire nation is grateful for their service. Anyone who attacks America needs to know that our people and our country will not rest until justice is done." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: War on Terror. 4 November 2011. "The men and women who are defending our freedoms and promoting democracy in Iraq, Afghanistan, and around the world deserve our total support and our unwavering commitment. That's why Congressman Barrow has consistently voted to give our troops the resources they need on the battlefield, and to give our intelligence agencies the help they need to stop terrorist attacks before they happen." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Strengthening Social Security and Medicare. 4 November 2011. "Social Security needs to be protected and preserved for future generations. That's why Congressman Barrow has consistently opposed attempts to privatize Social Security or cut guaranteed benefits." (votesmart.org)
  • John Barrow. Issue Position: Strengthening Social Security and Medicare. 4 November 2011. "Social Security needs to be protected and preserved for future generations. That's why Congressman Barrow has consistently opposed attempts to privatize Social Security or cut guaranteed benefits." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 88 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "John Barrow supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 88 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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