Representative Michael 'Mike' K. Simpson's Political Positions

Office: U.S. House (ID) - District 2, Republican
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Mike Simpson has provided voters with clear stances on key issues by responding to the 2014 Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Idaho Congressional Election 2014 Political Courage Test

Pro-lifeCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles
YesIn order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending?
NoCandidate AnswerIn order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Other or expanded principles

I support reform of Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid to slow the unsustainable growth of spending in the programs and put them on a sustainable path for the future. If we don't undertake significant reform of these programs, they'll continue to drive our national debt up and won't be available for future generations of Americans.

NoDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles
YesDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesDo you support lowering taxes as a way of promoting growth in the economy?
Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
Other or expanded principles

You have to address tax incentives through comprehensive reform of the tax code. I have been working over the last four years to lead a bi-partisan coalition of House members called the Go- Big Coalition. We are seeking at least $4-6 trillion in deficit reduction over ten years through a combination of spending cuts, tax reform, and reform to entitlement programs like Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid. If our nation continues on the unsustainable path we're on now, it will be impossible to maintain our standard of living, create economic opportunity across America, and develop good paying jobs for families.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Other or expanded principles

I believe the federal government needs to shift more decision-making authority to the states and local school districts.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support building the Keystone XL pipeline?
YesDo you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Other or expanded principles
Do you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles

I don't know the extent to which human activity may or may not impact climate change nor do I know how much human activity could influence efforts to combat climate change. I support efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through voluntary, incentive-based and free market actions and oppose punitive measures like the Kyoto Protocol or the President's Cap and Trade proposal.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Other or expanded principles
Unknown PositionInferred Answer Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants?" Immigration Issues Other or expanded principles: "I support allowing additional LEGAL immigrants into the country on the condition there is demand for their work in sectors of our economy and that they come in under a legal, transparent system and return to their home countries when their work here is finished."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?" Immigration Issues Other or expanded principles: "I support allowing additional LEGAL immigrants into the country on the condition there is demand for their work in sectors of our economy and that they come in under a legal, transparent system and return to their home countries when their work here is finished."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Mike Simpson supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Mike Simpson supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Mike Simpson voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Mike Simpson voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Simpson: A Immigration Gut Check. 12 June 2006. "The bill that has emerged from the Senate makes significant progress on border security but contains provisions that I believe reward illegal entry and send a terrible message to anyone attempting to come to America through legal means. The House bill is focused on securing our borders, rejecting amnesty, and prosecuting those who chronically and knowingly facilitate the continued flow of illegal aliens into our nation. No issue has generated as much mail to my office as border security and immigration reform. By an overwhelming margin, those letters have asked me to stand firm in support of the House approach. I have and will continue to work against granting amnesty to illegal immigrants, regardless of the label." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Simpson Cosponsors CLEAR Act. 25 September 2007. "The CLEAR Act would enact several common sense immigration measures including: -Affirms that state and local law enforcement officials already have existing authority to assist in enforcing immigration law during the course of routine duty. -Denies SCAAP (State Criminal Alien Assistance Program) funding to "sanctuary cities" that refuse to assist with immigration enforcement. By acting as a sanctuary for illegals and preventing city officials from working with DHS, these local governments encourage illegal immigrants to break the law. -Requires DHS to provide the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) all info on aliens who: have a final order of removal, have signed a voluntary departure agreement, overstayed their visa length, or have had their visa revoked. -Authorizes local authorities to procure equipment, facilities to assist in the enforcement of immigration law. -Authorizes additional construction for detention space. -Requires DHS to take an alien into custody within 48 hours." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Issue Position: Foreign Affairs - The United Nations and U.S. Sovereignty. 25 October 2011. "While many claim the plan does not offer amnesty to illegal aliens, any objective analysis of the initiative shows otherwise. I intend to vote against this initiative should it come to the House floor for a vote and urge my colleagues to instead focus on securing our borders from further illegal immigration." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. 72 Members Tell Senate: Enforcement First, No Amnesty. 16 March 2007. "In order to provide a roadmap to successful reform, we ask that you consider several fundamental principles when you are crafting your committee's proposal: -Border Security: We must make an honest attempt to secure our borders through greater manpower and infrastructure resources - over and above what Congress has already authorized. -Interior Enforcement: No solution to illegal immigration will work until we begin to prosecute employers who lure illegal aliens into the U.S. -Enforcement First: No foreign worker plan can function unless we have operational control of our borders and unless we know who comes in and out of our country. -No Amnesty: Rewarding persons who have broken the law with an advantage that they would not otherwise have had encourages more illegal behavior and is unjust to immigrants who came to the U.S. Legally." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Issue Position: Immigration. 21 October 2011. "As Congress considers comprehensive reform of our nation's immigration system, I am deeply concerned over proposals that would grant amnesty to illegal aliens in the United States. Giving amnesty to those who have broken our nation's immigration laws would undermine the policies that were established to regulate our borders and provide an orderly process of evaluating applications for citizenship. Such action would send a terrible message to all those who have complied with immigration laws and are still waiting approval. In addition, by rewarding those who violate United States law, we jeopardize the security and safety of our nation and greatly diminish our ability to protect our own borders." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration. Other or expanded principles: "I do not support amnesty."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants?" Immigration Issues Other or expanded principles: "I support allowing additional LEGAL immigrants into the country on the condition there is demand for their work in sectors of our economy and that they come in under a legal, transparent system and return to their home countries when their work here is finished."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?" Immigration Issues Other or expanded principles: "I support allowing additional LEGAL immigrants into the country on the condition there is demand for their work in sectors of our economy and that they come in under a legal, transparent system and return to their home countries when their work here is finished."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Mike Simpson supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Mike Simpson supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Mike Simpson voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Mike Simpson voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Simpson: A Immigration Gut Check. 12 June 2006. "The bill that has emerged from the Senate makes significant progress on border security but contains provisions that I believe reward illegal entry and send a terrible message to anyone attempting to come to America through legal means. The House bill is focused on securing our borders, rejecting amnesty, and prosecuting those who chronically and knowingly facilitate the continued flow of illegal aliens into our nation. No issue has generated as much mail to my office as border security and immigration reform. By an overwhelming margin, those letters have asked me to stand firm in support of the House approach. I have and will continue to work against granting amnesty to illegal immigrants, regardless of the label." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Simpson Cosponsors CLEAR Act. 25 September 2007. "The CLEAR Act would enact several common sense immigration measures including: -Affirms that state and local law enforcement officials already have existing authority to assist in enforcing immigration law during the course of routine duty. -Denies SCAAP (State Criminal Alien Assistance Program) funding to "sanctuary cities" that refuse to assist with immigration enforcement. By acting as a sanctuary for illegals and preventing city officials from working with DHS, these local governments encourage illegal immigrants to break the law. -Requires DHS to provide the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) all info on aliens who: have a final order of removal, have signed a voluntary departure agreement, overstayed their visa length, or have had their visa revoked. -Authorizes local authorities to procure equipment, facilities to assist in the enforcement of immigration law. -Authorizes additional construction for detention space. -Requires DHS to take an alien into custody within 48 hours." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Issue Position: Foreign Affairs - The United Nations and U.S. Sovereignty. 25 October 2011. "While many claim the plan does not offer amnesty to illegal aliens, any objective analysis of the initiative shows otherwise. I intend to vote against this initiative should it come to the House floor for a vote and urge my colleagues to instead focus on securing our borders from further illegal immigration." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. 72 Members Tell Senate: Enforcement First, No Amnesty. 16 March 2007. "In order to provide a roadmap to successful reform, we ask that you consider several fundamental principles when you are crafting your committee's proposal: -Border Security: We must make an honest attempt to secure our borders through greater manpower and infrastructure resources - over and above what Congress has already authorized. -Interior Enforcement: No solution to illegal immigration will work until we begin to prosecute employers who lure illegal aliens into the U.S. -Enforcement First: No foreign worker plan can function unless we have operational control of our borders and unless we know who comes in and out of our country. -No Amnesty: Rewarding persons who have broken the law with an advantage that they would not otherwise have had encourages more illegal behavior and is unjust to immigrants who came to the U.S. Legally." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Issue Position: Immigration. 21 October 2011. "As Congress considers comprehensive reform of our nation's immigration system, I am deeply concerned over proposals that would grant amnesty to illegal aliens in the United States. Giving amnesty to those who have broken our nation's immigration laws would undermine the policies that were established to regulate our borders and provide an orderly process of evaluating applications for citizenship. Such action would send a terrible message to all those who have complied with immigration laws and are still waiting approval. In addition, by rewarding those who violate United States law, we jeopardize the security and safety of our nation and greatly diminish our ability to protect our own borders." (votesmart.org)
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration. Other or expanded principles: "I do not support amnesty."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Mike Simpson. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Idaho Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
Other or expanded principles

I believe we need to pass comprehensive immigration reform for both economic and national security reasons. A comprehensive immigration reform package should secure our border and make it much more difficult to enter our country illegally. It should reform and stabilize our legal immigration programs so that farmers, ranchers, the hospitality industry, construction, high-tech, and many other vital sectors of our economy have the workforce they need to grow jobs and create economic opportunity. Finally, it should address the millions of immigrants who are now here illegally in a way that avoids amnesty, but is both compassionate and realistic.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
Should the U.S use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the United States from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

I am undecided on the use of military force against Iran or any other nation seeking a nuclear capability and would need to see greater evidence of a direct threat to our national security posed by Iran's nuclear programs before supporting the use of military force.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles

Spending

Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.

Slightly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Slightly Decreased) Education
Greatly Decreasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland Security
Greatly Decreaseg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Medical Research
Slightly Decreasei) Scientific Research
Slightly Decreasej) Space exploration
Greatly Decreasek) United Nations
Greatly Decreasel) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories

Taxes

Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.

Greatly Decreasea) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Corporate taxes
Slightly Decreasec) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Maintain Statuse) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Maintain Statusf) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Decreaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
Slightly Decreasei) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Statusj) Payroll taxes
k) Other or expanded categories
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

1. Deficit Reduction, including Entitlement Reform
2. Combatting unnecessary regulations
3. My work as Chairman of the House Appropriations Committee on Energy and Water Development.