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Raul Grijalva's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (AZ) - District 3, Democratic
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 3
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Raul Grijalva is currently being tested through the 2016 Political Courage Test.
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deya@grijalvaforcongress.com

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What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Republicans are once again trying to restrict the rights of American women to make medical decisions. […] Women who seek these services are often in extreme economic straits or have discovered serious health risks in their pregnancy.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/793330/rep-grijalva-statement-on-unconstitutional-republican-abortion-bill-this-shouldnt-be-driven-by-men-who-dismiss-rape-victims#.VXhr63UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Abortion is a constitutionally protected right in this country, and attempts to weaken that right or deny it to tens of millions of women around the country are unjust." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/469547/ (votesmart.org)
  • “Republicans are once again trying to restrict the rights of American women to make medical decisions. […] Women who seek these services are often in extreme economic straits or have discovered serious health risks in their pregnancy.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/793330/rep-grijalva-statement-on-unconstitutional-republican-abortion-bill-this-shouldnt-be-driven-by-men-who-dismiss-rape-victims#.VXhr63UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Abortion is a constitutionally protected right in this country, and attempts to weaken that right or deny it to tens of millions of women around the country are unjust." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/469547/ (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Tax breaks for billionaires don't create jobs. The George W. Bush presidency and the Republican recession are proof of that.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/575076/#.VXhtF3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “Some in the new Congress have sought to cut taxes for the largest corporations, wealthy oil companies and the richest two percent of the population. This is a recipe for continued economic decline.” http://grijalva.house.gov/economics/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “Tax breaks for billionaires don't create jobs. The George W. Bush presidency and the Republican recession are proof of that.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/575076/#.VXhtF3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “Some in the new Congress have sought to cut taxes for the largest corporations, wealthy oil companies and the richest two percent of the population. This is a recipe for continued economic decline.” http://grijalva.house.gov/economics/ (grijalva.house.gov)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “This legislation provides small- and medium-sized manufacturers the resources they need to retool and retrofit their operations and train their workforce to transition to clean energy, high-technology, and advanced products.” http://grijalva.house.gov/economics/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “My bill establishes the Border Small Business Revitalization grant program, which will stimulate employment opportunities and capital investment in border communities.” http://grijalva.house.gov/uploads/Small%20Business%20Assistance%20In%20The%20112th%20Congress.doc (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “This legislation provides small- and medium-sized manufacturers the resources they need to retool and retrofit their operations and train their workforce to transition to clean energy, high-technology, and advanced products.” http://grijalva.house.gov/economics/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “My bill establishes the Border Small Business Revitalization grant program, which will stimulate employment opportunities and capital investment in border communities.” http://grijalva.house.gov/uploads/Small%20Business%20Assistance%20In%20The%20112th%20Congress.doc (grijalva.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “We call on our Congressional leaders in the House and Senate to hold firm on passing a middle class tax cut with no strings attached.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/575076/reps-grijalva-ellison-urge-middle-class-tax-cut-unemployment-insurance-extension-with-no-strings-attached-before-recess#.VXhyA3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “Earlier this week, Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva voted for a measure to extend a tax cut to 98 percent of Americans and 97 percent of small businesses.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/730555/grijalva-votes-to-extend-tax-cuts-to-98-percent-of-americans-in-favor-of-keeping-house-in-session-in-august-to-work-on-job-creation#.VXhykHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Arizona Republic “I support targeted tax benefits for small businesses when they make sense and increase employment, but do not support the expensive corporate welfare we give big companies each year. I support continuing the lower 2010 tax rate for the vast majority of the country, but think the richest two percent should pay their fair share and return to the more effective Clinton-era tax rate.” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9laXUVikp (votesmart.org)
  • “We call on our Congressional leaders in the House and Senate to hold firm on passing a middle class tax cut with no strings attached.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/575076/reps-grijalva-ellison-urge-middle-class-tax-cut-unemployment-insurance-extension-with-no-strings-attached-before-recess#.VXhyA3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “Earlier this week, Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva voted for a measure to extend a tax cut to 98 percent of Americans and 97 percent of small businesses.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/730555/grijalva-votes-to-extend-tax-cuts-to-98-percent-of-americans-in-favor-of-keeping-house-in-session-in-august-to-work-on-job-creation#.VXhykHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Arizona Republic “I support targeted tax benefits for small businesses when they make sense and increase employment, but do not support the expensive corporate welfare we give big companies each year. I support continuing the lower 2010 tax rate for the vast majority of the country, but think the richest two percent should pay their fair share and return to the more effective Clinton-era tax rate.” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9laXUVikp (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Providing substantial federal support for education at each of these levels is a fundamental task of government.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/617881/issue-position-education#.VXhzo3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • “Providing substantial federal support for education at each of these levels is a fundamental task of government.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/617881/issue-position-education#.VXhzo3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against S.1 “A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline” http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.VXh0XnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “This independent assessment of the Keystone XL pipeline's security vulnerabilities is yet another reminder of the significant risks this project poses to our nation and our environment.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/880050/grijalva-reacts-to-report-on-keystone-xl-pipeline-vulnerability#.VXh1FnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted against S.1 “A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline” http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.VXh0XnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “This independent assessment of the Keystone XL pipeline's security vulnerabilities is yet another reminder of the significant risks this project poses to our nation and our environment.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/880050/grijalva-reacts-to-report-on-keystone-xl-pipeline-vulnerability#.VXh1FnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “This legislation provides small- and medium-sized manufacturers the resources they need to retool and retrofit their operations and train their workforce to transition to clean energy, high-technology, and advanced products.” http://grijalva.house.gov/economics/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “He understands the importance of investing in clean energy and preventing the potentially catastrophic effects global warming could have on our farms, coasts, and oceans.” http://grijalva.house.gov/combating-global-climate-change/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “This legislation provides small- and medium-sized manufacturers the resources they need to retool and retrofit their operations and train their workforce to transition to clean energy, high-technology, and advanced products.” http://grijalva.house.gov/economics/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “He understands the importance of investing in clean energy and preventing the potentially catastrophic effects global warming could have on our farms, coasts, and oceans.” http://grijalva.house.gov/combating-global-climate-change/ (grijalva.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • “A cap and trade system has been effective at reducing other air pollutants in the past, and is an important step in the fight against global warming.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/566982/issue-position-carbon-dioxide-and-climate-policy/?search=Renewable%20energy#.VXh2R3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • “A cap and trade system has been effective at reducing other air pollutants in the past, and is an important step in the fight against global warming.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/566982/issue-position-carbon-dioxide-and-climate-policy/?search=Renewable%20energy#.VXh2R3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “The Affordable Care Act is a historical achievement that is already reducing health disparities and improving the health of the underserved.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/617880/issue-position-health-care/?search=Affordable%20Care%20Act#.VXh4cHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “Rep. Grijalva supports the Affordable Care Act, which has helped millions of Americans get health insurance, including hundreds of thousands of Arizonians.” http://grijalva.house.gov/health-care/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • “The Affordable Care Act is a historical achievement that is already reducing health disparities and improving the health of the underserved.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/617880/issue-position-health-care/?search=Affordable%20Care%20Act#.VXh4cHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “Rep. Grijalva supports the Affordable Care Act, which has helped millions of Americans get health insurance, including hundreds of thousands of Arizonians.” http://grijalva.house.gov/health-care/ (grijalva.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? “No” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? “No” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9eL3UViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “This bill is not about marriage, as the title claims. This bill is about denying a day in court for an entire class of Americans. This is a question of fairness, equality, and social justice. We cannot, in the interest of fairness to all, exclude selected groups of Americans from enjoying equal protection under the law.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/56239/#.VXh53nUVhHx (votesmart.org)
  • “History shows how freedoms and rights that are not extended to everyone are not secure for anyone. The push for marriage equality across America is an acknowledgement of that fact, and I am glad that Arizona is on the right side of history on this issue.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/928365/rep-grijalva-praises-court-ruling-to-allow-gay-marriage-in-arizona#.VXh6oHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • “This bill is not about marriage, as the title claims. This bill is about denying a day in court for an entire class of Americans. This is a question of fairness, equality, and social justice. We cannot, in the interest of fairness to all, exclude selected groups of Americans from enjoying equal protection under the law.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/56239/#.VXh53nUVhHx (votesmart.org)
  • “History shows how freedoms and rights that are not extended to everyone are not secure for anyone. The push for marriage equality across America is an acknowledgement of that fact, and I am glad that Arizona is on the right side of history on this issue.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/928365/rep-grijalva-praises-court-ruling-to-allow-gay-marriage-in-arizona#.VXh6oHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9laXUVikp (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? “Yes” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9laXUVikp (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Rep. Grijalva will not support any attempts to privatize Social Security.” http://grijalva.house.gov/social-safety-net/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? “No” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9laXUVikp (votesmart.org)
  • “Rep. Grijalva will not support any attempts to privatize Social Security.” http://grijalva.house.gov/social-safety-net/ (grijalva.house.gov)
  • Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? “No” http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/28253/raul-grijalva/#.VW9laXUVikp (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Arizona Congressional Election 2012 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-choiceCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan?
YesDo you support a timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan?
Other or expanded principles
Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing the federal budget.
In order to balance the budget,
YesCandidate Answerdo you support reducing defense spending?
YesCandidate Answerdo you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Nodo you support reducing Medicaid spending?
Nodo you support reducing Medicare spending?
NoIs balancing the budget a legislative priority?
Other or expanded principles

Our first priority has to be to create jobs and end our unemployment crisis. We can't slash employment programs and support for working Americans without caring about the consequences. We'll have a stronger economy when we get people working again and joining the ranks of proud American taxpayers. Cuts to popular, necessary programs like Medicaid will only hurt more. The richest two percent of the country needs to start paying its fair share after years of taxpayer giveaways. Balancing the budget will take time and can't be done at the expense of working families or the unemployed.

YesDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

Corporations are not people and money is not speech. We should never have started to treat corporations as thought they have the same rights as individuals. Southern Arizonans know they'll never be able to match wealthy corporations dollar for dollar in an election. Working people should never feel they've lost control of their democracy, but that's exactly what's happened. We need to reverse that.

NoDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
YesDo you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
YesDo you support the temporary extension of unemployment benefits?
YesDo you support the 2010 temporary extension of tax relief?
Other or expanded principles

I support targeted tax benefits for small businesses when they make sense and increase employment, but do not support the expensive corporate welfare we give big companies each year. I support continuing the lower 2010 tax rate for the vast majority of the country, but think the richest two percent should pay their fair share and return to the more effective Clinton-era tax rate.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Other or expanded principles

I believe that flexibility for states is vital in measuring progress and designing a curriculum. But accountability and attention to basic equity and fair resource allocation must be a constant with any federal funding. Title 9 support for children with disabilities, Title 1 support for children from low income families, support for English as a Second Language programs, and other standards that ensure equal access to education must be followed and not left solely to the discretion of the states.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Other or expanded principles

Oil companies are sitting on too much claimed but unused property already. There's no such problem as "too many restrictions." They've already received public property at cheap rates and now just want more. We need to wean ourselves off oil, not give more of it away to big oil corporations at taxpayer expense.

YesDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
YesShould individuals be required to purchase health insurance, as mandated in the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Other or expanded principles

The law creates exemptions to the personal responsibility rule for certain religious groups, cases of economic hardship, and other factors. I support those exemptions. I also support the federal subsidies and other regulations that will make sure tens of millions of Americans can afford health coverage they previously lacked. Opponents should explain their alternative, if they have one.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
YesDo you support allowing illegal immigrants, who were brought to the United States as minors, to pursue citizenship without returning to their country of origin?
NoDo you support the enforcement of federal immigration law by state and local police?
Other or expanded principles

The Supreme Court has decided this, so the question is moot. Even if it had not, under Sheriff Arpaio and Sheriff Babeu, local law enforcement became a tool for politicized attacks on specific populations rather than the protector of the public it was designed to be, and I would not support returning to that model. Turning local police or sheriff's deputies into federal crime officials has not produced better results for Arizona and has antagonized hundreds of thousands of Arizonans that law enforcement officials are sworn to protect.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
NoShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent Iran from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

Using force is not a permanent solution, and will only harden their willingness to wage war and attack us in response. A diplomatic or sanctions-based solution is preferable and is very much within reach, despite what some conservatives want us to believe.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles
Spending
Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland Security
Slightly Increaseg) International aid
Greatly Increaseh) Medical Research
Greatly Increasei) Scientific Research
Maintain Statusj) Space exploration
Slightly Increasek) United Nations
Greatly Increasel) Welfare
Greatly Increasem) Other or expanded categories

Transportation and infrastructure investments

Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Increasea) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increaseb) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statusc) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Slightly Increasee) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Slightly Decreasef) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
Slightly Increasei) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Statusj) Payroll taxes
k) Other or expanded categories

Questions about tax policy shouldn't be about blanket generalities. The discussion should be about creating a fair tax system that rewards reinvestment in America and the American workforce. The tax code should foster government partnerships with the private sector to promote the return of jobs sent offshore and improving alternative energy manufacturing technologies here in the United States. Working people should not be overwhelmed by having to pay for our national budget while the richest two percent of the population sidesteps its obligations.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

My top priority is job creation, which is why I introduced the Restore the American Dream
for the 99% Act and the Border Infrastructure and Jobs Act, among other bill, earlier this
Congress. Our unemployment rate is a crisis and some conservatives aren't taking it
seriously; they prefer to keep the economy weak and root against the president. My
second priority in the coming year is reinvestig in public education, especially for
underserved communities. Our schools have been overlooked as we talk about how to rebuild a sustainable economy, and that's a big mistake I hope to help correct.

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