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Raúl Grijalva's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (AZ) - District 3, Democratic
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 3
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Raúl Grijalva has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Raúl Grijalva is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Government should have NO role in private decisions between a woman, her physician, her family, and her spiritual advisor."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Government should have NO role in private decisions between a woman, her physician, her family, and her spiritual advisor."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Government should have NO role in private decisions between a woman, her physician, her family, and her spiritual advisor."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Pro-choice" for: "a) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Should federal subsidies be prohibited from being used for abortion procedures?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Emphasizes Health Care With Triggers, Opt-Out Or Reproductive Restrictions Will Not Pass House. 20 November 2009. "Abortion is a constitutionally protected right in this country, and attempts to weaken that right or deny it to tens of millions of women around the country are unjust," Grijalva said. "In a hasty search for a few final votes, House leaders traded away far too much when they allowed the Stupak amendment to come to a vote. Unless a final bill strips this language, progressive voices will rally against it and defeat it." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to President of the United States of America George W. Bush. 16 May 2006. "As noted in an article published by the Washington Post (Plan B Battles Embroil States 2/27/2006), whether a woman can quickly obtain birth control in America increasingly dependson where she lives. Around the country, state legislators are introducing bills that would restrict a woman's access to birth control. We are concerned that those who seek to restrict or eliminate safe, legal abortions are expanding their goals and now also seek to restrict access to emergency contraception and other forms of prescription birth control. There are 42 million women in America who must use some method of birth control in order to avoid unintended pregnancies- many of them married. These women would like you to be clear that you support their right to contraception." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva Honorary Co-Sponsor for March for Women's Lives. 15 April 2004. "President Bush has placed extreme anti-choice ideologues on the federal courts, taken away access to contraception, stripped foreign family-planning clinics of desperately needed U.S. funds, and shifted priorities away from family planning services to unproven abstinence-only programs. I remain convinced that the decisions a woman makes regarding her reproductive life is a private matter between her and her physician The government should not interfere in this private and very personal decision." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Raúl Grijalva voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Raúl Grijalva a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Praises Rep. Schakowsky Budget Debt Reduction Proposal Released Today As Superior to Debt Commission Chairs' Effort. 16 November 2010. "Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva, the co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, today praised the release of Rep. Jan Schakowsky's detailed budget proposal to reduce the national debt and bring spending priorities more into line with the needs of middle class American families. Schakowsky, who sits on the bipartisan National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, introduced her budget plan at a press conference earlier today. [...] "From large elements to small, this plan is a vast improvement over the Bowles-Simpson proposal and represents a more thoughtful approach to debt reduction," Grijalva said. "Our middle and lower class families did not cause our current budget shortfalls -- they were largely caused by the avoidable housing crisis, by irresponsible Bush-era wars paid for with borrowed money, and by unnecessary tax cuts for the wealthiest earners. Rep. Schakowsky's plan reflects the fact that, as she has said so often, the sacrifices of the past several years have all been made by the middle class. It's time we stopped telling these hard-working families to tighten their belts again for the sake of another millionaire tax cut. We need to bring our taxing and spending in line with reality, and her proposal is a big step in the right direction." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Reps. Grijalva, Ellison Urge Middle Class Tax Cut, Unemployment Insurance Extension "With No Strings Attached" Before Recess. 7 December 2010. "We call on our Congressional leaders in the House and Senate to hold firm on passing a middle class tax cut with no strings attached. We also call on Congressional Republicans to stop using unemployed Americans as bargaining chips in exchange for another tax break for the wealthy. Tax breaks for billionaires don't create jobs. The George W. Bush presidency and the Republican recession are proof of that. Giving rich people more money just for being rich does nothing to help the economy. It only increases the national debt. No amount of Republican rhetoric can change that fact. We simply cannot afford to borrow another $700 billion to give tax breaks to millionaires and billionaires who aren't paying their fair share, especially when there are millions of Americans still looking for work. Just 1 percent of that $700 billion would pay for almost 142,000 elementary school teachers for an entire year. That money should be used to create jobs, rebuild our infrastructure and educate our children, not for the wealthy to buy more yachts." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Roll Call - Grijalva, Honda and Woolsey: Senate Should Look at CPC Budget Proposal. 3 May 2011. "When the debate over the fiscal 2012 budget began, the country -- or, more accurately, the media -- was focused on Rep. Paul Ryan's (R-Wis.) proposal. Introduced on behalf of the Republican House majority, our colleague's plan puts the interests of wealthy corporations first by slashing Medicare and Medicaid and spending trillions on a new corporate tax cut. [...] The public isn't buying it. An April 17 Washington Post/ABC poll found what countless polls have told us before: An overwhelming majority (72 percent in this case) supports the highest earners paying more of their fair share in taxes as the best way to eliminate the national debt. There's good reason we saw this ThinkProgress headline April 20: "Paul Ryan Booed At Town Hall For Defending Tax Breaks For The Wealthy." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "I support a repeal of the Bush Administration's tax cuts for the wealthiest 1% of Americans which will go a long way in helping reduce the deficit. We must hold this Administration and the majority in Congress to the Clinton era policies of true,"Pay As You Go", budgetary policies that require new spending to have an unencumbered revenue stream or offer offsetting revenue cuts to an agencies budget to guarantee that any new programs are deficit neutral."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once. h) Income taxes (high-income families)"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000" Family Income Other or expanded principles: "Rescind tax cuts for top 1% of Americans"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. f) $350,001 and above"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "I support an elimination of corporate tax loopholes and incentives that allow them to promote off shore tax havens to escape their tax obligations and responsibilities to our country. We must also aggressively audit corporate tax receipts, stock option accounting, and other corporate accounting measures used to defraud investors, pension and the average tax payers through fraudulent Enron style accounting schemes."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "h) Income taxes (high-income families)"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. e) $180,001-$350,000"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000"
  • Raul Grijalva. CNN - A 'People's Budget' that Invests in Jobs. 14 April 2011. "The budget restores fairness to the tax code by asking more from those who can afford to pay more. Instead of cutting taxes for the wealthiest Americans, the budget raises taxes on those who have seen most of the income gains over the last decade by adding new tax rates for millionaires and billionaires. The budget taxes investment income as wage income, ending an unfair tax system that taxes income from wealth at lower rates than the wages of teachers and nurses." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2012. 15 April 2011. "The people's budget does not tell the American people what they want to hear; it gives the American people what they want: Fairness, protection of our social net for Americans in retirement and at the beginning of their lives, jobs, an immediate infusion of job creation to put people back to work, investments in education. And this budget is balanced by 2021, the deficit is eliminated. It is the only budget that accomplishes that that is before you today. It does not balance the budget on the backs of the middle class, those who aspire to be in the middle class, and those that are vulnerable in our society. It reverses a practice and it taxes those corporations and the very, very 2 percent rich in this country so they pay their just sacrifice to keeping this country healthy and turning our country around." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 7 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors [¦] We support extending tax cuts in full to 98 percent of American taxpayers, as the President initially proposed. He should not back down. Nor should we." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Raúl Grijalva voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy?" Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues Other or expanded principles: "A balanced federal budget should be over a 10 year period- given the present economic situation."
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Raúl Grijalva a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Progressive Democrats of America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Progressive Democrats of America endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "Education needs to become a priority in our country, which needs to begin with the full funding of No Child Left Behind Act. The administration's approach to education is more about No Child Being Left untested rather than providing required funding for their education act to truly guarantee that No Child is Left Behind. This act should have provided our educational system with an increase in funding. Instead we have seen a decrease in funding and an increase in standardized testing and bureaucratic paperwork that ties the hands of our children's teachers. Our educational goals should promote and provide greater...."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Do you support federal funding for K-12 school vouchers?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "d) Education"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "c) Do you support federal funding for charter schools?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support federal funding for universal pre-K programs?"
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to the Honorable Lisa Jackson, EPA. 23 September 2011. "We are writing to express our support for the Environmental Protection Agency's final Cross-State Air Pollution Control Rule. This important public health standard will prevent approximately 34,000 premature deaths, more than 15,000 heart attacks, 19,000 cases of acute bronchitis, 4000,000 cases of aggravated asthma, and 1,8 million lost workdays annually. The aggregate health benefits will save up to $280 billion annually in avoided costs, at only a cost of only $800 million. This 350-1 benefit to cost ratio represents a great deal for the public and an opportunity to improve the quality of life and competitiveness of American metropolitan areas. In concert with other improvements to state and federal regulations, it will reduce sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide by 73% and 54%, respectively, by 2014." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to the Chairman of the Committee on Energy and Commerce John D. Dingell. 15 June 2007. "We commend your leadership in the Energy and Commerce Committee on addressing the challenge of global warming and reducing our dependence on foreign oil. However, we are concerned with provisions in the Discussion Draft on Alternative Fuels, Infrastructure, and Vehicles which would strip our states of their authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from automobiles." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to Colleague. 26 July 2011. "We are writing to urge you to oppose H.R. 2584, the FY 2012 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill. This bill would severely curtail the ability of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to protect the public health of the American people and would disproportionately impact those living in the communities we represent. In addition to draconian funding cuts, the bill also includes numerous anti-environment riders that would permit polluters to continue harming the public health. We strongly urge you to oppose this bill to ensure that the EPA is able to protect the public from harmful pollutants like mercury and arsenic." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Raúl Grijalva voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Issue Position: Natural Resources and Environment. 7 July 2011. "Climate change threatens our entire civilization. It is vital that we invest in clean energy and reduce our greenhouse gas emissions in order to prevent the potentially catastrophic effects global warming could have on our farms, coasts, and oceans. I introduced The Climate Change Safeguards for Natural Resource Protection Act of 2009 to combat the impacts of climate change on our public lands. I also supported the comprehensive American Clean Energy and Security Act, which will cap greenhouse gas emissions and invest much-needed funds in clean energy development, from biofuels to solar and wind power." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Votes to Protect Environment Supports Interior Appropriations Bill. 27 June 2007. "After years of neglect of America's environmental and conservation priorities, the House today passed H.R. 2643, FY 2008 Interior and the Environment Appropriations bill, a measure that would increase funding for parks, refuges, and clean water programs, among others [...] "Congress has a responsibility to protect our environment," said Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva, Chairman of the Subcommittee on National, Forests and Public Lands. "I am proud to support legislation that will help clean up environmental hazards in our communities, provide clean water and preserve and improve health care for Native Americans. [...] The legislation also makes global warming a priority by boosting funding for research at Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Interior Department by 53 percent. Additionally, the bill responds to the Supreme Court's landmark decision in April by compelling the Environmental Protection Agency to begin developing a process for regulating greenhouse gases." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Questions House Republican Approval of Bill Preventing EPA From Regulating Greenhouse Gases, Notes Likely Health Impacts. 7 April 2011. "Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva today questioned the House Republican majority's vote to approve H.R. 910, the Dirty Air Act, which forbids the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate pollutants it deems "greenhouse gases." The bill declares that greenhouse gases are not air pollutants, attempting to overturn a 2007 Supreme Court ruling to the contrary in EPA v. Massachusetts. "Using gas prices as an excuse to pass a polluter-friendly deregulation scheme is dishonest and pointless," Grijalva said after the vote. "This corporate giveaway is dirty in every sense of the word. Republicans aren't even bothering to pretend this bill creates jobs or helps the economy. This is about rewarding campaign donors, not the American people." H.R. 910 would formally bar the EPA from regulating carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons. Carbon dioxide is known to the scientific community as the biggest contributor to global warming, and methane is known to be about 21 times stronger as a warming agency than carbon dioxide." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Congressman Grijalva Supports Clean Energy Legislation. 26 June 2009. "Today, Congressman Raúl M. Grijalva voted in favor of the American Clean Energy and Security Act, a bill designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and encourage the development of clean, renewable energy sources. [¦] "With this vote to rein in carbon emissions, the United States has taken a big step toward joining the rest of the world in addressing mankind's impact on our environment," said Grijalva. 'The head in the sand' approach of the last Administration wasted valuable time when we should have been working to stop harmful global warming. Our existence on this planet depends on our taking action now rather than later." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Asks Obama Administration to Restore Protections for Endangered Species. 28 April 2009. "At present, federal regulations exempt all activities occurring outside the range of the polar bear from protection under the Endangered Species Act. While oil and gas development and other industrial activities in polar bear habitat produce a large volume of greenhouse gas pollution, the majority of greenhouse emissions occur outside the bear's range. Global warming and the melting of the Arctic sea ice is the primary threat to the polar bear and the reason for its listing. "Today I called on my friend President Obama, and more specifically on Secretary Salazar, to fully wipe the slate clean of Bush-era hostility on endangered species and to global warming realities," said Grijalva. "I applaud the decision to overturn one such harmful rule, but I now ask the Secretary of the Interior to go several steps further and rethink the decision not to review the polar bear rule, as well as urge him to revisit his decision to delist the gray wolf in the Northern Rockies." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "c) Do you support allowing energy producers to trade carbon credits under a "cap and trade" system?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Do you support strengthening fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support international emissions targets aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to The Honorable Nancy Pelosi and The Honorable Steny Hoyer. 14 December 2010. "While it is encouraging that the Senate tax extenders package includes a number of renewable energy and energy efficiency incentives, we are concerned that it neglects other important renewable energy incentives and includes measures that would move us further away from a clean energy economy. As the House considers this package, we ask that any bill that is brought to a vote include provisions that will: [...] Eliminate the wasteful and environmentally-damaging "coal to liquids" tax subsidy. Over its lifecycle, liquid is responsible for nearly twice the greenhouse gas pollution as conventional fuels. Liquid coal production requires four gallons of water for every gallon of fuel produced. Furthermore, encouraging this fuel would only worsen the damage that coal mining wreaks upon ecosystems and communities. Earlier this year the House passed legislation that had removed this credit from Senate legislation, demonstrating the House's opposition to the extension of this wasteful subsidy." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of Environment America 87 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. League of Conservation Voters endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you believe that the Second Amendment guarantees the right of individual citizens to own guns?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Do you support a ban on assault rifles?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "c) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Raul Grijalva. Providing for Consideration of Senate Amendment to H.R. 627, Credit Cardholders' Bill of Rights Act of 2009. 20 May 2009. "Mr. Speaker, I rise in strong support of H.R. 627 and in strong opposition to the Coburn amendment. This vital legislation was hijacked in the Senate by a dangerous amendment that would ban virtually all regulations of guns in national park and wildlife refuges--an amendment that has absolutely no place in this bill. The Coburn amendment overturns reasonable limits put in place by Ronald Reagan and goes far beyond the regulations proposed by George W. Bush. The House will vote on this extreme language separately, and I urge my colleagues to strip the Coburn amendment from the legislation. We need to be very clear. The rights guaranteed under the Second Amendment are fully protected under the current policy. The current rule allows guns in parks and refuges as long as they are not loaded and properly stored. The National Rifle Association has spent years trumping up claims and distorting data in order to claim a symbolic victory by overturning these Federal limits on guns in national parks. Clearly the NRA is a special group with no interest at all in protecting and preserving our national parks and wildlife areas." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Raúl Grijalva a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Raúl Grijalva in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Highlights New Availability of Early Retiree Health Care Affordability Program For Employers In Recently Passed Reform Law. 29 June 2010. "Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva today highlighted a provision of the recently enacted health care reform law allowing employers who offer health coverage to early retirees to begin applying for help with the costs starting today, June 29. The law, formally titled the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, has a number of provisions that go into effect before the end of this year. [...] "This program will potentially help hundreds of thousands of Americans aged 55 to 65, who are too young for Medicare, retain the early retiree coverage from their employer that they desperately need," Grijalva said. "Congressional Republicans calling for repeal of health reform would deny America's businesses this critical help and deny early retirees peace of mind and access to quality health care." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Health and Human Services Dept. Offers New Funding to States to Establish Health Insurance Exchanges for Individuals, Businesses. 21 January 2011. "The exchanges are expected to bring transparency to the health insurance market, allowing consumers directly to compare various plans based on price and quality. By increasing competition among insurance companies and allowing individuals and small businesses to band together to purchase insurance, the exchanges will likely lower costs nationwide. Small businesses can already apply for tax credits to help cover the cost of insurance. "Building exchanges will give individuals and companies access to exactly the kind of information you need in a truly free marketplace," said Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva, who voted against the recent Republican attempt to repeal the Affordable Care Act and spoke against it on the floor of the House. "Arizona and every other state can and should help its people find the information they need to afford good quality health care that's right for their needs. That's what the exchanges are about, and that's what these grants can help accomplish." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Issue Position: Health Care. 7 July 2011. "Raúl voted in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the most significant overhaul of American health care policy in decades. During the debate over what shape the bill would take, he was a prominent supporter of a public option and fought successfully to have one included in the House-passed version of the bill. He remains committed to improving health care delivery and affordability and to ensuring that peoples' livelihoods are not undermined by excessive bottom-line thinking in the health insurance industry. Raúl is an original cosponsor of the following important bills in the 111th Congress, which began Jan. 6, 2009. His advocacy and organizing have played a central role in improving the availability and affordability of health care in this country." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Amendment to Health Care Repeal That Would Preserve Indian Health Care Improvement Act Blocked by Republican Majority. 7 January 2011. "The House Republican majority today decided to block a measure offered by Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva that would have preserved the Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA) even if the Republican effort to repeal last year's health care reform law is successful. Grijalva yesterday proposed to the House Rules Committee an amendment to the Republican bill to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) that would have maintained the IHCIA, which the law reauthorized for the first time in eight years." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Calls Arizona's Near-Bottom Ranking on Children's Health Care "Unacceptable," Demands State Restoration of KidsCare. 2 February 2011. "Grijalva pointed out that the Affordable Care Act, which he supported, has already brought more funding to community health centers statewide and has outlawed the denial of coverage to children with pre-existing conditions. Efforts to repeal the bill "would devastate our already broken state health care system," Grijalva said. "We need state leaders to get serious about building a health care system to be proud of, not firing nurses and closing hospital doors." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Highlights Affordable Care Act Provisions Going Into Effect Today -- New Rules Increase Access, Eliminate Preventive Costs. 23 September 2010. "The Affordable Care Act was designed to make our health care system more fair, accessible and affordable for the American people, and these measures are good examples of why we needed to pass it," Grijalva said. "Far from the death panel rhetoric we've been hearing, these are the kinds of common-sense measures that make getting, keeping and affording health care easier for people all over the country. Now your insurance company can't decide to drop you because you recently became sick, or charge you an arm and a leg for a preventive screening. It would be cruel to repeal these uncontroversial measures, and I look forward to hearing how they're making life in Southern Arizona easier for countless families starting today." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to the Honorable Justice Clarence Thomas, U.S. Supreme Court. 10 February 2011. "Dear Justice Thomas: As an Associate Justice, you are entrusted with the responsibility to exercise the highest degree of discretion and impartiality when deciding a case. As Members of Congress, we were surprised by recent revelations of your financial ties to leading organizations dedicated to lobbying against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. We write today to respectfully ask that you maintain the integrity of this court and recuse yourself from any deliberations on the constitutionality of this act. The appearance of a conflict of interest merits recusal under federal law. From what we have already seen, the line between your impartiality and you and your wife's financial stake in the overturn of health care reform is blurred. Your spouse is advertising herself as a lobbyist who has "experience and connections" and appeals to clients who want a particular decision - they want to overturn health care reform. Moreover, your failure to disclose Ginny Thomas's receipt of $686,589 from the Heritage Foundation, a prominent opponent of health care reform, between 2003 and 2007 has raised great concern." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. On 45th Anniversary of Medicare Passage Into Law, Grijalva Highlights Program's Importance To Southern Arizona Families & Retirees. 1 July 2011. "The Affordable Care Act (ACA) began providing Medicare beneficiaries with free preventive care benefits starting Jan. 1. Under the Republican plan, they would no longer be entitled to free preventive care or benefit from the other cost-saving provisions in the ACA. "Medicare is one of the most successful programs in the history of American government, and we need to strengthen it as soon as possible rather than cut it to pay for millionaire tax breaks," Grijalva said. "There's no doubt what the American people want -- the only issue is whether Congress has the political will to follow through. Medicare has helped Southern Arizona since it was created, and I'm going to make sure it keeps helping Southern Arizona as long as I'm in Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Progressive Caucus Co-Chairs Question Republican NoCare Agenda, Speak Out Against Misguided Health Care Repeal Attempt. 19 January 2011. "Reps. Raúl M. Grijalva and Keith Ellison, co-chairs of the Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC), today questioned why House Republicans voted to repeal the Affordable Care Act despite an authoritative analysis showing repeal would add more than $230 billion to the national debt over the next 10 years. The vote marks the Republicans' first of many promised attempts to give primary power over health costs back to insurance companies. "The Republican repeal scheme will deny you access to health care and put your family-doctor relationship at risk," Grijalva said. "The simple fact is that Republicans are looking out for corporations ahead of the public interest. I and my colleagues are working to protect and empower individuals and families to control their own health care. The GOP agenda would cost millions of people coverage they need and deserve, including retirees and children with pre-existing conditions." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Raúl Grijalva voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration. Other or expanded principles: "Our country's economy and security requires comprehensive immigration reform, such as the STRIVE Act. Arizona has been the test case of an enforcement only approach and we have seen an increase of undocumented immigrants, human smuggling, and deaths in our desert. We need to address our porous border and improve our immigration policy. In addition, the solution must work to make the estimated 10 million undocumented undergo a required process for legalization."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration. Other or expanded principles: "Border and Immigration reform needs to address our porous border and improve our immigration policy... In addition, the solution must work to identify and have an intense legalization process for the estimated 10 million undocumented in the US and we must work on a foreign policy that works towards economic development in the western hemisphere. I support a path to legalization and not blanket amnesty. An enforcement only mentality that solely increases agents or builds a fence will fail to address the majority of the problem of immigration and undermine our national, border, and economic security."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration. Other or expanded principles: "As a nation, it is our responsibility to recognize the historic relevance of immigration in our country and how we have turned from that basic principle and foundation to create the inhumane deaths on our border."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?"
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Raúl Grijalva voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman?"
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Marriage Protection Act of 2004. 22 July 2004. "Mr. Speaker, I rise today in opposition to the drastic and shortsighted measure to strip courts of their authority to review the Constitutionality of the Defense of Marriage Act. This is a very clear and easy vote for me, but in no way does that make it insignificant. To the contrary, this is the most important civil rights vote of the year. Congress has not passed a federal court stripping measure since 1868, though it has been attempted on nearly every hot button issue in the past 50 years (prompted by Brown v. Board, Roe v. Wade, Loving v. Virginia, and others), always with the premise of the need to "limit activist judges." [...] This bill is not about marriage, as the title claims. This bill is about denying a day in court for an entire class of Americans. This is a question of fairness, equality, and social justice. We cannot, in the interest of fairness to all, exclude selected groups of Americans from enjoying equal protection under the law. Furthermore, court stripping is blatantly unconstitutional. It violates the separation of powers, due process, and equal protection clauses in our Constitution." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "I am an originating cosponsor of the National Clean Elections Act of 2004 to provide a publicly funded elections for US House of Representative and Senate Campaigns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "I am an originating cosponsor of the National Clean Elections Act of 2004 to provide a publicly funded elections for US House of Representative and Senate Campaigns."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "I am an originating sponsor of the National Clean Elections Act to provide for publicly funded elctions for the US House of Representatives and Senate campaigns. One of the most pressing issues in our nation is to take our country back from corporate greed. We must stop the revolving door of elected officials and key Capitol Hill staffers that are orchestrating legislation provides significant benefit to industry and then being rewarded with cushion employment and consulting contracts as reward for their efforts benefiting industry."
  • Raul Grijalva. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?"
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the American Family Association 5 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Raúl Grijalva voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 28 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Raúl Grijalva voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to Mr. Robert Mazzuca, Chief Scout Executive, Boy Scouts of America. 1 February 2010. "We write in response to the Boy Scouts of America's (BSA) recent rejection of Cate and Elizabeth Wirth, two mothers of a Scout, who applied to serve as parent volunteers. We call on the Boy Scouts to end its policy of discrimination and exclusion based solely on sexual orientation [¦] For a century, the Boy Scouts have united communities, instilled the value of public service, and encouraged civic participation among America's youth. Congress has repeatedly recognized the importance of the Boy Scouts in our communities with numerous honors, including a Congressional charter and, most recently, a resolution expressing support for February 8, 2010 as "Boy Scouts of America Day". As you celebrate the 100th Anniversary of the Boy Scouts of America, it is long past time that the Boy Scouts finally provide the opportunity for all Scouts, Leaders, and volunteers, to share in the joys of Scouting, regardless of sexual orientation." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter To The Honorable President Obama, Majority Leader Reid, Speaker Pelosi, Chairman Schumer, And Chairwoman Lofgren. 9 February 2010. "Currently, U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents may sponsor their spouses (and other immediate family members) for immigration purposes. But, same-sex partners committed to spending their lives together are not recognized as "families" under U.S. immigration law and thus do not have this same right. As a result, tens of thousands of binational families are either already living separately, face imminent separation, or have left the U.S. entirely in order to remain together. This is unacceptable, and we believe comprehensive immigration reform legislation must include a strong family reunification component inclusive of LGBT families." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Marriage Protection Amendment. 4 October 2004. "Mr. Speaker, I rise today to express my strong objection to this so-called 'marriage protection' amendment. Furthermore, I am appalled that we are spending three and a half hours debating this issue when Americans are struggling to cope with much more serious issues, with little or no help from this body. The sponsors of this bill claim that there is a dire need to amend the Constitution in order to protect and promote the notion of healthy, stable families. I support the notion of 'healthy families' but I could suggest a number of methods we could use to reach this goal that do not include discriminating against an entire class of American citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Issue Position: Labor. 7 July 2011. "Raúl believes that our federal policies must nurture innovation and technological advancements that position our nation's workforce at the forefront of the green jobs movement. The transition to cleaner alternative energy and the rebuilding of our manufacturing base here in the United States are questions of national welfare. He supports climate legislation not only to protect vulnerable landscapes and populations, but as a spur to energy efficiency and a new generation of economic opportunities. Raúl continues to be a close partner with the labor movement and a strong advocate for workers' rights in Washington. Raúl is an original cosponsor of the following bills during the 111th Congress, which began Jan. 6, 2009, except the Public Lands Service Corps Act, which he wrote and offered, and the Protecting America's Workers Act, of which he is a cosponsor. [...] The Domestic Partnership Benefits and Obligations Act -- Provides the same family benefits to lesbian and gay federal civilian employees as are already provided to employees with different-sex spouses. To receive benefits, employees would have to submit an affidavit of eligibility for benefits with the Office of Personnel Management, certifying that the employee and domestic partner meet necessary criteria." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Lauds Court Rejection of California Proposition 8 Ban on Gay Marriage, Highlights Finding That Law Has No "Rational Basis". 4 August 2010. "Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva, co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, today lauded the decision by Chief U.S. District Judge Vaughn Walker in San Francisco that California's Proposition 8 ban on gay marriage violates the Constitution's 14th Amendment equal protection clause. In his ruling, Walker wrote that the law "fails to advance any rational basis in singling out gay men and lesbians for denial of a marriage license. Indeed the evidence shows Proposition 8 does nothing more than enshrine in the California constitution the notion that opposite sex couples are superior to same sex couples." Grijalva said of the ruling, "It's good to see the courts respect Constitutional protections for citizens. As we've seen over the past few days, many conservatives interpret the Constitution to mean whatever they want it to mean for their own political ends. I'm glad to see the importance of equal civil rights for all Americans reaffirmed by this ruling." (votesmart.org)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?"
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Should the United States continue to strike suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan?" International Policy Issues Other or expanded principles: "Before any future free trade agreements we must be sure that they do not create future migration issues as they did with NAFTA."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "We need to streamline first responder grants and expedite funding to high target and urban areas. Native American nations must be able to apply directly to the federal government for assistance rather than be solely subject to a states block grant process."
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama. 12 June 2012. "We are concerned that the use of such "signature strikes" could raise the risk of killing innocent civilians or individuals who may have no relationship to attacks on the United States. We are further concerned about the legal grounds for such strikes under the 2001 Authorization for the Use of Military Force." (kucinich.house.gov)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to the Chairman of the Committee on Energy and Commerce John D. Dingell. 15 June 2007. "We commend your leadership in the Energy and Commerce Committee on addressing the challenge of global warming and reducing our dependence on foreign oil. However, we are concerned with provisions in the Discussion Draft on Alternative Fuels, Infrastructure, and Vehicles which would strip our states of their authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from automobiles. Many states have moved ahead to address global warming with pro-growth, pro-high tech initiatives. Under our federal system, states have been laboratories for constructive change but they need Washington to be a partner, not an impediment, to their initiatives. To the contrary, this draft legislation would deprive our states of their authority to take the steps they deem appropriate to protect the health and safety of their citizens. We aspire to a better outcome for our constituents and we look forward to working with you to resolve this issue." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to Chairman McKeon. 10 May 2011 "Among the many troubling aspects of the Detainee Security Act are provisions that expand the war against terrorist organizations on a global basis. The Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) of 2001 was widely thought to provide authorization for the war in Afghanistan to root out al Qaeda, the Taliban, and others responsible for the 9/11 attacks. That war has dragged on for almost ten years, and after the demise of Osama Bin Laden, as the United States prepares for withdrawal from Afghanistan, the Detainee Security Act purports to expand the 'armed conflict' against the Taliban, al Qaeda, and "associated forces" without limit. By declaring a global war against nameless individuals, organizations, and nations "associated" with the Taliban and al Qaeda, as well as those playing a supporting role in their efforts, the Detainee Security Act would appear to grant the President near unfettered authority to initiate military action around the world without further congressional approval. Such authority must not be ceded to the President without careful deliberation from Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Woolsey Joins Statement on Libya. 22 March 2011. "The decision for the United States to engage militarily in Libya is one that should have been debated and approved by Congress. "We have serious concerns about whether or not an effective and thorough case for military intervention in Libya was made. Too many questions remain. What is our responsibility now? Do we own the situation in Libya and for how long? Where does this dramatic acceleration of military intervention end? [...] "The United States must immediately shift to end the bombing in Libya. Rest assured we will fight in Congress to ensure the United States does not become embroiled in yet another destabilizing military quagmire in Libya with no clear exit plan or diplomatic strategy for peace." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Letter to The Honorable John Boehner, Speaker, The United States House of Representatives. 31 March 2011. "Many questions remain unanswered regarding our short and long-term responsibilities in Libya as well as our strategy for ending U.S. military operations. The Department of Defense has indicated that the costs of U.S. military operations in Libya totaled $600 million in the first week alone, and are estimated to mount by as much as $100 million per week in the future. At a time of severe economic distress here at home, as well as in recognition of the continued strain on our military service members already engaged in two wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, these concerns are especially worthy of congressional deliberation." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva. Grijalva Statement on War Supplemental. 14 May 2009. "The report highlighted numerous areas of concern which led me to decide that, without fundamental changes to the mission of our troops, and a recalculation of the proposed funding formula, I could not support this Supplemental in its current form. Some of the report's recommendations, which influenced my decision, included: [...] Unmanned aerial Drone attacks are not an effective counter-insurgency tactic because the high level of civilian casualties resulting from the drone attacks is generating, not undermining, extremism in the regions targeted. The immediate cessation of drone attacks should be required." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Raúl Grijalva supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Raul Grijalva signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security?"
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Raúl Grijalva. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Arizona Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Arizona Congressional Election 2012 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-choiceCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan?
YesDo you support a timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan?
Other or expanded principles
Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing the federal budget.
In order to balance the budget,
YesCandidate Answerdo you support reducing defense spending?
YesCandidate Answerdo you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Nodo you support reducing Medicaid spending?
Nodo you support reducing Medicare spending?
NoIs balancing the budget a legislative priority?
Other or expanded principles

Our first priority has to be to create jobs and end our unemployment crisis. We can't slash employment programs and support for working Americans without caring about the consequences. We'll have a stronger economy when we get people working again and joining the ranks of proud American taxpayers. Cuts to popular, necessary programs like Medicaid will only hurt more. The richest two percent of the country needs to start paying its fair share after years of taxpayer giveaways. Balancing the budget will take time and can't be done at the expense of working families or the unemployed.

YesDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

Corporations are not people and money is not speech. We should never have started to treat corporations as thought they have the same rights as individuals. Southern Arizonans know they'll never be able to match wealthy corporations dollar for dollar in an election. Working people should never feel they've lost control of their democracy, but that's exactly what's happened. We need to reverse that.

NoDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
YesDo you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
YesDo you support the temporary extension of unemployment benefits?
YesDo you support the 2010 temporary extension of tax relief?
Other or expanded principles

I support targeted tax benefits for small businesses when they make sense and increase employment, but do not support the expensive corporate welfare we give big companies each year. I support continuing the lower 2010 tax rate for the vast majority of the country, but think the richest two percent should pay their fair share and return to the more effective Clinton-era tax rate.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Other or expanded principles

I believe that flexibility for states is vital in measuring progress and designing a curriculum. But accountability and attention to basic equity and fair resource allocation must be a constant with any federal funding. Title 9 support for children with disabilities, Title 1 support for children from low income families, support for English as a Second Language programs, and other standards that ensure equal access to education must be followed and not left solely to the discretion of the states.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Other or expanded principles

Oil companies are sitting on too much claimed but unused property already. There's no such problem as "too many restrictions." They've already received public property at cheap rates and now just want more. We need to wean ourselves off oil, not give more of it away to big oil corporations at taxpayer expense.

YesDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
YesShould individuals be required to purchase health insurance, as mandated in the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Other or expanded principles

The law creates exemptions to the personal responsibility rule for certain religious groups, cases of economic hardship, and other factors. I support those exemptions. I also support the federal subsidies and other regulations that will make sure tens of millions of Americans can afford health coverage they previously lacked. Opponents should explain their alternative, if they have one.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
YesDo you support allowing illegal immigrants, who were brought to the United States as minors, to pursue citizenship without returning to their country of origin?
NoDo you support the enforcement of federal immigration law by state and local police?
Other or expanded principles

The Supreme Court has decided this, so the question is moot. Even if it had not, under Sheriff Arpaio and Sheriff Babeu, local law enforcement became a tool for politicized attacks on specific populations rather than the protector of the public it was designed to be, and I would not support returning to that model. Turning local police or sheriff's deputies into federal crime officials has not produced better results for Arizona and has antagonized hundreds of thousands of Arizonans that law enforcement officials are sworn to protect.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
NoShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent Iran from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

Using force is not a permanent solution, and will only harden their willingness to wage war and attack us in response. A diplomatic or sanctions-based solution is preferable and is very much within reach, despite what some conservatives want us to believe.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles
Spending
Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland Security
Slightly Increaseg) International aid
Greatly Increaseh) Medical Research
Greatly Increasei) Scientific Research
Maintain Statusj) Space exploration
Slightly Increasek) United Nations
Greatly Increasel) Welfare
Greatly Increasem) Other or expanded categories

Transportation and infrastructure investments

Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Increasea) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increaseb) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statusc) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Slightly Increasee) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Slightly Decreasef) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
Slightly Increasei) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Statusj) Payroll taxes
k) Other or expanded categories

Questions about tax policy shouldn't be about blanket generalities. The discussion should be about creating a fair tax system that rewards reinvestment in America and the American workforce. The tax code should foster government partnerships with the private sector to promote the return of jobs sent offshore and improving alternative energy manufacturing technologies here in the United States. Working people should not be overwhelmed by having to pay for our national budget while the richest two percent of the population sidesteps its obligations.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

My top priority is job creation, which is why I introduced the Restore the American Dream
for the 99% Act and the Border Infrastructure and Jobs Act, among other bill, earlier this
Congress. Our unemployment rate is a crisis and some conservatives aren't taking it
seriously; they prefer to keep the economy weak and root against the president. My
second priority in the coming year is reinvestig in public education, especially for
underserved communities. Our schools have been overlooked as we talk about how to rebuild a sustainable economy, and that's a big mistake I hope to help correct.

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