This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.
*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
|a) Abortions should always be illegal.|
|X||b) Abortions should always be legal.|
|c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.|
|d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.|
|e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.|
|f) Abortions should be subject to a mandatory waiting period.|
|g) Require clinics to give parental notification before performing abortions on minors.|
|h) Other or expanded principles|
This is not only an intensely personal decision, it is a woman's decision. While we all have our own beliefs and values, no one has the moral authority to dictate to someone else a decision that is between them and their maker.
State Budget: Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
|Greatly Increase||a) Education (Higher)|
|Greatly Increase||b) Education (K-12)|
|Maintain Status||c) Emergency preparedness|
|Maintain Status||d) Environment|
|Slightly Increase||e) Health care|
|Maintain Status||f) Law enforcement|
|Greatly Increase||g) Transportation and highway infrastructure|
|Maintain Status||h) Welfare|
|i) Other or expanded categories|
Few things contribute more to a person's success, livelihood and even just the ability to make ends meet than education, and we can also do more to offer better opportunities to learn.
We do a good job of emergency preparedness, the environment and law enforcement at our current levels of funding, but we need more money for transportation to replace our aging infrastructure and keep all roads safe to drive.
State Taxes: Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
|Maintain Status||a) Alcohol taxes|
|Maintain Status||b) Cigarette taxes|
|Maintain Status||c) Corporate taxes|
|Maintain Status||d) Gasoline taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||e) Property taxes|
|Maintain Status||f) Sales taxes|
|Maintain Status||g) Vehicle taxes|
|h) Other or expanded categories|
We've pushed taxes about as far as we can. We need to lower property taxes for seniors, those with disabilities and others on fixed incomes who can't keep up with rising values. No one should be forced to sell their home because they can't afford to pay the taxes on it. Our state should look at the valuation process of property to find a way of reaching an assessment that reflects the actual use of property rather than the highest and best.
|Yes||1) Should state sales taxes be extended to Internet sales?|
|No||2) Should accounts such as a "rainy day" fund be used to balance the state budget?|
|No||3) Should fee increases be used to balance the state budget?|
|4) Other or expanded principles|
The rainy day fund is for emergencies; if we spend it for everyday services, we won't have it when we really need it.
Fees should cover the cost of the service, such as licensing, but no more.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
|No||a) Do you support limiting the number of terms for Washington governors?|
|No||b) Do you support limiting the number of terms for Washington state senators and representatives?|
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?
|No||4) Political Parties|
|Yes||d) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?|
|No||e) Do you support imposing spending limits on state-level political campaigns?|
|No||f) Should Washington participate in the federal REAL ID program?|
|g) Other or expanded principles|
Political expression is free speech and should not be restricted by funding limits. Our state does have limits on contributions however as currently established, indepedent expenditures permit gross abuses of the system. I believe we need full disclosure and transparency of all monies given to all candidates and ballot issues. Voters have the right to know who's behind a candidate or ballot issues because that will tell you a lot about what that candidates' priorities will be if he or she is elected to office.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
|a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and hiring of additional prison staff.|
|X||b) Support the death penalty in Washington.|
|X||c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.|
|X||d) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.|
|X||e) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.|
|X||f) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.|
|X||g) Support state and local law enforcement officials enforcing federal immigration laws.|
|X||h) Support hate crime legislation.|
|i) Other or expanded principles|
There are alternative ways to punish non-violent offenders without using up space we need for violent criminals. Drug courts, for example, work very effectively at dealing with drug crimes without taking up space we need for violent criminals.
Minors should be prosecuted as adults for violent crimes on a case by case basis. Our courts need the leeway to make necessary exceptions and prosecute the truly dangerous minors as adults.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
|X||a) Support state funding of universal pre-K programs.|
|b) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).|
|X||c) Support state education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students.|
|d) Support requiring public schools to administer high school exit exams.|
|e) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.|
|f) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.|
|X||g) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.|
|X||h) Support using a merit pay system for teachers.|
|X||i) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.|
|X||j) Support allowing illegal immigrant high school graduates of Washington to pay in-state tuition at public universities.|
|k) Other or expanded principles|
I first ran for the legislature to fight for fully funding education in our state. Federal education standards without funding burden our local schools. We need high standards, but sufficient funding for teachers and administrators to help our kids acheive them. Our children need to receive the best education possible to equip them with the skills necessary to be competitive and successful in their future endeavors.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
|X||a) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers and teach skills needed in today's job market.|
|X||b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector.|
|X||c) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.|
|X||d) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for children in low-income working families.|
|X||e) Increase state funds to provide child care for children in low-income working families.|
|f) Increase the state minimum wage.|
|X||g) Support laws that prevent employers from dismissing employees at will.|
|X||h) Support financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.|
|X||i) Support increased work requirements for able-bodied welfare recipients.|
|j) Increase funding for employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.|
|X||k) Support allowing day care workers to unionize.|
|l) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
|X||a) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.|
|X||b) Support increased production of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil, etc).|
|X||c) Support providing financial incentives to farms that produce biofuel crops.|
|X||d) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused, or abandoned.|
|X||e) Support funding for improvements to Washington's power generating and transmission facilities.|
|X||f) Support funding for open space preservation.|
|X||g) Limit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases linked to global warming.|
|X||h) Enact environmental regulations even if they are stricter than federal law.|
|i) Other or expanded principles|
We need a partnership between state and industry, where the state ensures the health of our citizens and the private sector covers the cost of cleaning up the sites they pollute.
States should be allowed to enact regional emissions standards as they see fit to improve on federal standards. I'm a states-rights advocate.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
|Yes||a) Should background checks be required on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows?|
|Yes||b) Should citizens be allowed to carry concealed guns?|
|No||c) Should a license be required for gun possession?|
|Yes||d) Do you support current levels of enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?|
|Yes||e) Do you support current state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?|
|f) Other or expanded principles|
I support responsible gun ownership.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
|X||a) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state-funded care where necessary.|
|X||b) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.|
|X||c) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.|
|X||d) Allow patients to sue their HMOs.|
|X||e) Require hospitals and labs to release reports on infections that are a risk to public health, while not compromising patient confidentiality.|
|f) Legalize physician assisted suicide in Washington.|
|X||g) Support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.|
|X||h) Support prohibiting the use or sale of prescription data for marketing purposes.|
|i) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
|Yes||a) Should Washington recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?|
|No||b) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?|
|Yes||c) Should Washington provide state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples?|
|Yes||d) Do you support a moment of silence in public schools?|
|Yes||e) Do you support voluntary prayer in public schools?|
|Yes||f) Do you support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods?|
|No||g) Do you support abstinence-only sexual education programs?|
|No||h) Should the state government consider race and gender in state government contracting and hiring decisions?|
|No||i) Do you support affirmative action in public college admissions?|
|No||j) Should Washington continue affirmative action programs?|
|Yes||k) Do you support state funding of stem cell research?|
|Undecided||l) Do you support state funding of embryonic stem cell research?|
|No||m) Do you support allowing pharmacists who conscientiously object to emergency contraception to refuse to dispense it?|
|n) Other or expanded principles|
|Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.|
Education - We need to fully fund basic education. I am also an outspoken advocate for bringing higher education opportunities to our district.
Transportation - We need to make sure we keep our promise to build projects approved by voters, invest in safety along Highway 20 and I-5 and fully restore Keystone-Port Townsend ferry service. Statewide we need to rebuild confidence in our ferry system through continued accountability.
Quality of Life - I will continue my efforts to maintain our quality of life by working to preserve farmland and natural areas, assuring our local businesses thrive, and keeping family-wage jobs.