Norman 'Norm' DeValois Dicks's Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: Norman 'Norm' DeValois Dicks
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Suzie; 2 Children: David, Ryan
Birth Date: 12/16/1940
Birth Place: Bremerton, WA
Home City: Bremerton, WA
Religion: Lutheran
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Norm Dicks refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Norman Dicks. HR 3660. 106th Congress. To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 4 May 2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 2 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Norman Dicks. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 3 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the Club for Growth 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Kitsap Sun. Election Guide: Candidate - Norman Dicks - U.S. House of Representatives, District 6. Responded: "I voted in favor of extending unemployment benefits this year. I believe that we need to help those hit hardest by an economic downturn as severe as our country has experienced by extending unemployment benefits and offering COBRA health insurance benefits to recently laid-off workers. It is also my belief that the stimulus plan enacted last year has largely succeeded in creating jobs and turning around a worsening economic situation. Many activities funded through this legislation will have a lasting impact here, including more than $121 million invested for clean drinking water facilities, transportation improvements, weatherization activities, and other initiatives in Kitsap County. With urgent infrastructure needs in every community, as I have stated, my preference has been in favor of federal recovery efforts that put people to work while making necessary improvements in bridges, roads, water systems, etc. I would support additional stimulus measures that would accomplish those goals." to the question: "Do you favor extending unemployment benefits? Do you favor another round of federal economic stimulus? In what form?" (elections.kitsapsun.com)
  • Norman Dicks. American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009. 28 January 2009. "The amount in this bill is intended to provide small grants to try to restore some of the jobs which have been lost in the arts communities over the past year. I believe it's the right thing to do ..... it is absolutely critical to maintain these vital programs during times of personal and economic crisis in our nation. In addition to retaining jobs, these funds will support programs which provide entertainment and richness in the lives of our communities at a time when they are badly needed. In the context of this large economic stimulus legislation, I believe this is a prudent investment, and that it will contribute measurably to restoring the fiscal health of our nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Issue Position: Economy. "Norm Dicks fights for working families and our local economy * Norm successfully fought to get the Air Force to reopen the bidding for the $50 billion air refueling tanker program. Now Boeing has a fair shot at winning the contract which will create thousands of good jobs in Washington State. * Norm voted for the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which would prevent big financial companies and banks from engaging in the kinds of risky deals that led to the financial collapse and will make sure we don't ever have to bail them out again. * Norm helped pass a credit card holders' Bill of Rights, which put an end to deceptive billing practices, unfair rate increases, and hidden fees and penalties. * He also helped pass legislation that will make college more accessible and affordable for working families by expanding the availability of Federal college loans and reducing the cost. * Norm helped those hit hardest by the recent economic downturn by extending unemployment benefits and offering COBRA health insurance benefits to recently laid-off workers. * Norm has also been fighting to reduce our dependence on foreign oil and bring clean energy jobs and industries to our state." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Norman Dicks. Peninsula Daily News - Focus On Terrorists First, Rep. Dicks Urges Border Patrol. 16 October 2008. "'Meanwhile, thank God we didn't follow [President] Bush and put Social Security into the stock market,' he [Norman Dicks] said. 'That was one where the American people stood up and said no, and we got the message and did what they said.'" (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 50 percent in 2005-2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. H Amdt 497 to HR 2181. 105th Congress. An amendment to add a new section which provides that in further consideration of death sentence recommendations, life imprisonment shall be imposed instead, if the court has any doubt that a defendent actually committed the offense. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 25 February 1998. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Norman Dicks. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 23 May 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 0 percent in 1999-2000. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Issue Position: Global Warming. "I strongly believe that the U.S. Congress must begin to act now to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and curb global warming. The global scientific community agrees on the reality of this growing threat, and as the producer of roughly one-quarter of the world's greenhouse gas emissions - more than any other country - the United States has a responsibility to lead the way in reducing emissions. If America fails to take up the fight against global warming, then the rest of the world should not be expected to follow. However, I also believe that developing countries like China and India must work to curb their greenhouse gases....As the Chairman of the House Interior Appropriations Subcommittee, with jurisdiction over the Environmental Protection Agency and federal land management agencies, I am determined to use the influence our committee has to accelerate the federal government's response to global climate change issues. In my first year as Chairman, we provided a substantial boost for federal Climate Change programs in the budgets of the Interior Department, the EPA and the U.S. Forest Service. Through these efforts I believe we can substantially increase the research base that will help our nation take the necessary actions including the reduction of reduce greenhouse gases." (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Issue Position: Environment. "Norm Dicks fights to protect our precious natural environment * Norm has led efforts to restore critical salmon habitat and secured $50 million for cleanup of Puget Sound and Hood Canal to ensure that they are restored and protected for generations to come." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Norman Dicks. HR 1025. 103rd Congress. To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 10 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 4296. 103rd Congress. To make unlawful the transfer or possession of assault weapons. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 5 May 1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1991 and 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Norman Dicks a grade of F. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Letter to Dirk Kempthorne, Secretary, Department of the Interior. 8 February 2008. "We write to express our strong opposition to any modification or weakening of the Reagan regulations prohibiting the carrying or use of loaded firearms in our national parks and national wildlife refuges?.Permitting loaded firearms to be carried or used within our national parks or wildlife refuges would be a radical, unprecedented change that would likely upset the delicate balance that exists between wildlife and park visitors in these areas. More importantly, allowing loaded and accessible weapons in national parks would create a dangerous environment for the millions of American families who annually visit our national parks expecting a safe and enjoyable experience-- not loaded firearms and stray bullets." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Affordable Health Care For America Act. 7 November 2009. "These are very important reforms that I believe will help ensure the solvency of Medicare and promote a more equitable system of health care for seniors that stresses results over process. They are among the many aspects of this overall health care reform package that deserve our support, and I am proud to be speaking today to recognize these provisions and to urge all my colleagues to pass the Affordable Health Care for America Act." (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Issue Position: Health Care. "Norm Dicks' efforts to make our health care system more accessible and efficient for Washington State * Norm helped pass landmark health care reform legislation that will cover 32 million additional Americans, bar insurance companies from denying insurance coverage to children and adults because of pre-existing conditions, allow children to stay on their parents' insurance plans until they reach the age of 26, and make it easier to change jobs without worrying about losing health coverage. * Norm has helped reform Medicare reimbursement rates to help ensure that doctors in Washington State are fairly reimbursed for their services and so that more doctors will accept Medicare patients." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 8 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 71 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Kitsap Sun. Election Guide: Candidate - Norman Dicks - U.S. House of Representatives, District 6. Responded: "I strongly support comprehensive reform of our immigration system to provide greater security for our borders, as well as a path toward citizenship for at least a portion of the undocumented workers who have come into the U.S. already and are currently supporting our economy. Having served on the Homeland Security Committee in the House, and as a representative from a border state, I have fought to increase funding for the Border Patrol and for better infrastructure on both our northern and southern borders. Clearly, we must do a better job of securing the borders on both sides of the country. But as we work to secure the borders, I believe it is appropriate to consider legislation that recognizes the impact that working aliens have on our economy. It seems to me that it should be possible to find a way to give working aliens without criminal records who have paid their taxes some opportunity to achieve permanent residential status and eventually citizenship. I would concede that this is a controversial issue, but nevertheless I expect this concern to be addressed within any comprehensive immigration reform legislation that is considered by Congress." to the question: "What kind of immigration reform would you favor and why is a political solution so difficult to come by?" (elections.kitsapsun.com)
  • Norman Dicks. Peninsula Daily News - Focus On Terrorists First, Rep. Dicks Urges Border Patrol. 16 October 2008. "Dicks also said he would support reforming the nation's immigration laws, especially to give young immigrants who were brought to the U.S. by their parents a chance to earn citizenship without leaving the country and hoping to re-enter." (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Issue Position: Immigration. "I support taking aggressive steps to gain operational control at our northern and southern borders. Although there was a general consensus in the last Congress that more border patrol agents, more detention space and more fencing and barriers were needed, the President and the leadership of Congress at the time failed to provide sufficient resources to meet the commitments made in the bill that enacted portions of the 9/11 Commission's report....A second necessary step toward addressing the immigration problem is the aggressive enforcement of existing laws against businesses that knowingly employ illegal aliens. Although I recognize that Immigration and Customs Enforcement has increased enforcement of immigration laws at work sites, the punishment of employers who knowingly hire them remains disappointing low....If the nation truly commits to guarding the border to substantially reduce the inflow of illegal aliens and properly enforces the law on businesses that hire them, I believe the interests of the country are best served by developing criteria that allow immigrants who have not violated any criminal laws to gradually gain legal status. I do not believe it is a perfect solution - and I deeply respect the opinions of those who disagree with my viewpoint - but I believe it is better and more feasible than trying to identify, capture, and deport 12 million people, splitting up the families of hundreds of thousands of American citizens in the process." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Norman Dicks supported the interests of Peace Action West 46 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. Kitsap Sun. Election Guide: Candidate - Norman Dicks - U.S. House of Representatives, District 6. Responded: "As we are drawing-down the U.S. forces in Iraq this year, President Obama has reinforced our commitment to the stability of Afghanistan. The President has concluded that 30,000 additional US troops, along with 5,000 - 7,000 additional forces from international partners, are sufficient to "seize the initiative, while building the Afghan capacity to allow for a responsible transition of our forces out of Afghanistan." With this reinforcement, the President expressed his commitment to begin transitioning out of Afghanistan in July 2011. As Chairman of the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee, I am obviously concerned about the situation in Afghanistan, which is much more complex than Iraq. While I believe there is clearly a national interest in assuring the stability of the nation where the September 11th attacks on our country were planned, I am concerned about the capacity of the Afghan leadership to promptly take charge of the safety and security of their own country so that our forces may begin withdrawing. However, I have confidence in the new U.S. Commander, General Petraeus, and in the counterinsurgency strategy that has been developed. I will be interested in receiving the assessment that General Petraeus has pledged to submit by the end of 2010." to the question: "How is the U.S. policy in Afghanistan working, and what direction would you like to see in the military strategy in the near future there?" (elections.kitsapsun.com)
  • Norman Dicks. Rep. Dicks Reflections On 2009. 12 January 2010. "Understandably, domestic concerns have largely dominated newspaper headlines and the national dialogue; however, as the Christmas Day bombing attempt so clearly illustrated, the threat of terrorism on American soil is ever-present. The Taliban and Al-Qaeda have strengthened their hold on parts of Afghanistan, and they have regrouped while attention and resources were focused on Iraq. As you know, the Obama Administration has announced its plans for the deployment of 30,000 additional U.S. forces to Afghanistan. Over the Thanksgiving Holiday I had the opportunity to visit with many of our troops in Afghanistan as well as the commanders on the ground in order to gain a better assessment of the situation. Especially because we are continuing to ask for great sacrifices from the men and women of our armed forces, it is my hope that the Obama Administration's new strategy will achieve the overall goal of ensuring Afghan stability so that we will be able to transfer the ultimate responsibility for Afghan security to the Afghan government on the schedule the President outlined. I believe that Congress must remain vigilant in its oversight and must also understand the complex and interrelated nature of our actions in the region, including questions about the stability of Pakistan, that represent very real risks to our nation. The way forward remains perilous indeed." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Norman Dicks. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted NO on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Norman Dicks. HR 3396. 103rd Congress. To define and protect the institution of marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: Norman Dicks voted YES on 12 July 1996. (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Congressional Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

Xa) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
i) Other

1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only.

Maintain Statusa) AIDS programs
Maintain Statusb) Arts funding
Slightly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Maintain Statusd) Environmental programs
Maintain Statuse) Foreign aid
Slightly Increasef) Housing projects
Slightly Increaseg) Job training programs
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medicaid
Maintain Statusj) Medicare
Maintain Statusk) NASA
Maintain Statusl) Student loan programs
Maintain Statusm) Welfare
n) Other
o) Other
p) Other

2) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following defense-related categories. Select one number (level) only.

Slightly Increasea) Armed Forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) CIA appropriations
Maintain Statusc) Defense plant conversion
Slightly Increased) Development of new weapons
Slightly Increasee) Military hardware
Maintain Statusf) Military space shuttle missions
Maintain Statusg) National Missile Defense Program
Greatly Increaseh) Pay for active duty personnel
i) Other
No3) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?

4) Indicate how you would apply the expected federal budget surplus.

Xa) Social Security
b) Medicare
c) Tax cuts
d) Federal debt reduction
e) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance reform.

a) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
b) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns.
c) Provide public funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
d) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xe) Strengthen and enforce legislation that encourages full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
f) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
g) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xh) Ban the unregulated campaign contributions known as soft money.
i) Pass legislation banning issue advocacy commercials by outside groups within 60 days of an election.
j) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making contributions to federal campaigns.
k) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Expand funding for community policing programs.
f) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
Xg) Prosecute youths accused of a felony as adults.
Xh) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
i) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
j) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
k) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.

a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
c) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
d) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
Xe) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
f) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xg) Increase funding for border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
h) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the economy and employment.

Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
c) Reduce government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xd) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the minimum wage.
g) Pass legislation that encourages employers to offer their employees the options of flex-time scheduling, comp-time and unpaid leave to attend to their family responsibilities.
Xh) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide on-site child care.

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action and discrimination.

Xa) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
Xb) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs only if such programs do not include quotas.
c) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xd) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
Xe) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
Xf) The federal government should include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws.
g) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.

Xa) Support national standards and testing in reading and math.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly funded school.
e) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xf) Support creation of more charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit.
h) Support voluntary teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xi) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
j) Other
No2) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to guarantee the right to religious expression and voluntary prayer in public places, including schools?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.

a) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
Xb) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
c) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
Xd) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
Xe) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xf) Encourage development of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
h) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
Xi) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
j) Impose stricter national air quality standards.
k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change.
l) Strengthen the restrictions on clear-cutting on federal lands.
m) Other

Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.

Federala) Border security
Federalb) Civil rights enforcement
Localc) Education
Federald) Environmental cleanup
Statee) Job training
Localf) Law enforcement
Federalg) Low-income housing
Federalh) Medicaid
Federali) Medicare
Statej) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Federalk) Welfare
l) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Bosnia/former Yugoslavia.

a) The U.S. should lift the arms embargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina.
b) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina with a certain deadline for withdrawal.
Xc) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina without a certain deadline for withdrawal.
d) Other

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq through diplomatic means.
b) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted UN resolutions.
Xc) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
e) Other

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.

a) The U.S. should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
b) The U.S. should contribute less funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
d) The U.S. should not commit military troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
e) The U.S. should withdraw from the UN completely.
Xf) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
g) Other
No4) Should the U.S. have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba?
No5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
Xc) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
Xg) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
h) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues in America.

a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
Xd) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education and natural medicines and remedies.
Xe) Support legislation to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xf) Allow small business owners, the self-employed and workers whose employers do not provide health insurance to have the same deductibility for health costs as corporations and large employers.
g) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
h) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xi) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
j) Classify nicotine as a drug and cigarettes as drug delivery devices, which should be regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration.
k) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. HUD housing, food stamps).
c) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service to reduce to six months the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance.
Xd) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
Xg) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
h) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States government.
i) Other
The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. On an attached page, in fifty words or less, explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.

Congress can help reverse the belief of some Americans that ehtics and morals have declined by operating openly and transparently. I always support measures to increase openness to allow citizens to readily monitor the work of Congress. Reforming the campaign finance system will also help counter this perception of decline.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government.
c) Invest Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to finance the program in its current form.
Xe) Invest a portion of the budget surplus into the Social Security trust fund.
f) Increase the minimum age that determines when retirees are able to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
h) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
i) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on income above $68,400, which is currently exempt.
j) Other

1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only.

Income Taxes:

Maintain Statusa) Retiree income over $40,000
Slightly Decreaseb) Family income less than $25,000
Slightly Decreasec) Family income $25-75,000
Maintain Statusd) Family income $75-150,000
Maintain Statuse) Family income over $150,000

Other Tax Issues:

Maintain Statusf) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusg) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statush) Charitable deductions
Slightly Increasei) Child tax credit
Greatly Increasej) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusk) Corporate income taxes
Maintain Statusl) Earned Income Tax Credit
Maintain Statusm) Estate taxes
Maintain Statusn) Medical expense deductions
Maintain Statuso) Mortgage deductions
p) Other
q) Other
No2) Do you support replacing the U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?
No4) Do you support instituting a national sales tax?
Yes5) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?
7) Other
No1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?

If you support term limits, how many terms should each serve?

Senator (# of 6 yr. terms)
Representatives (# of 2 yr. terms)
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries in the western hemisphere?
Yes3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Undecided5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
No6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
Yes7) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.

Xa) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
Xc) Increase funds for housing assistance for welfare recipients who need housing to get or keep a job.
d) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
e) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through block grants.
f) Eliminate federal funds for welfare programs at the federal, state or local levels.
g) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
h) Convert government-funded low-income housing projects into private housing, managed and owned by the residents.
Xi) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
j) Other
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

My major legislative priorities in the next Congress relate to my committee assignments and the needs of Washington State: - Assuring that the Puget Sound area communities prepare an adequate response to the proposed endangered species listing affecting salmon runs; - Preserving readiness of U.S. military forces during a time of declining defense budgets; - Promoting increased free trading opportunities that will aid U.S. exporters and create jobs; - Solving regional transportation problems that have gridlocked people and freight.