Representative Frank Rudolph Wolf's Political Positions

Office: U.S. House (VA) - District 10, Republican
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Frank Wolf refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Frank Wolf a rating of 47 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Political Pledges. 4 October 2011. "I never raised taxes. I'm pro-life. But I don't recall signing any of those pledges. You don't hide your beliefs. You persuade people. You win or lose. And if you win, you are not beholden to anyone or anything other than your own beliefs." (wolf.house.gov)
  • Frank Wolf. A Statement of Conscience. 4 October 2011. "I'm pro-life [¦] You don't hide your beliefs. You persuade people. You win or lose. And if you win, you are not beholden to anyone or anything other than your own beliefs." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Frank Wolf. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Correspondence with President Obama on the Afghanistan/Pakistan Study Group. 21 September 2011. "I voted to go to war in Afghanistan. I stand by that decision and have the utmost confidence in General Petraeus's proven leadership. I also remain unequivocally committed to the success of our mission there and to the more than 100,000 American troops sacrificing toward that end." (votesmart.org)
  • Associated Press. Fox News: Afghan betrayal calls into question viability of US military strategy in Afghanistan. 3 March 2012. "Congress and the Obama administration need to wake up and realize that things are not going well in Afghanistan, and it has nothing to do with the capabilities of our troops,' Wolf said on the House floor Thursday. It has to do with 'Afghan security forces gunning down their American advisers,' he said." (www.foxnews.com)
  • Frank Wolf. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Peace Action West 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Afghanistan-Pakistan Study Group. 8 August 2012. "Even though the funding for the Af/Pak Study Group was approved, the Obama Administration has failed to establish a review team.  I question if politics dictated the administration's decision. Our men and women in uniform have fought bravely and served with distinction in Afghanistan and will continue to do so until they are called home.  Any shortcomings in our strategy or overall vision for success are not their burden to bear.  As too often happens, they have found themselves at the mercy of the latest political winds blowing through Washington.  I have been deeply disappointed that the president appears to have allowed these political winds to drive the war strategy." (wolf.house.gov)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Peace Action 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Mimi Hall. USA Today: Analysis: Issues up in the air on Afghanistan drawdown. 20 June 2011. "The House Appropriations Committee approved a measure to create an outside review panel to examine U.S. policy in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The panel would report back to Congress in 120 days. 'We are 10 years into our nation's longest-running war, and the American people and their elected representatives do not have a clear sense of what we are aiming to achieve, why it is necessary and how far we are from attaining our goal,' says Rep. Frank Wolf, R-Va., who proposed the idea." (www.usatoday.com)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Letter to the Honorable Robert Gates, Secretary of Defense, U.S. Department of Defense. 30 September 2010. "Recently Secretary Gates announced broad plans to reduce costs in the Department of Defense and re-appropriate those savings throughout the Department. As part of this plan, the Secretary announced three longer term projects and eight initiatives that he plans to begin implementing immediately. These eight initiatives have the ability to affect the Department, its ability to effectively fulfill its mission, and the security of the nation. A decision of this magnitude should not be made without careful reflection, supported by rigorous analysis. We have been told by the Department that the Secretary had several meetings and reviewed these decisions carefully. However, it seems clear that this decision did not carefully consider the national defense implications of such a change, nor is the decision substantiated with any sort of calculation of the direct and indirect costs to our national defense structure. In addition, no information has been provided by the Department to demonstrate any level of analysis, either financial or strategic, to determine what risks are being introduced into our national security strategy and how we are to mitigate these new risks." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Conference Report on H.R. 3630, Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. 17 February 2012. "I also was among the bipartisan group of 103 members of Congress who urged the supercommittee to ``go big'' and identify $4 trillion in savings. I continue to work with my colleagues to advance the Bowles-Simpson report. I voted for the Balanced Budget Amendment. Since 2006, when George Bush was in office, I have introduced my bipartisan legislation, the SAFE Commission, multiple times in hopes of dealing with this problem. While none of these solutions were perfect, they all took the necessary steps to rebuild and protect our economy. In order to solve this problem, everything must be on the table for consideration: all entitlement spending; all domestic discretionary spending, including defense spending; and tax reform, particularly changes to make the tax code more simple and fair and to end the practice of tax earmarks and loopholes that cost hundreds of billions of dollars annually." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2013. 29 March 2012. "In 2006 I introduced legislation to create an independent, bipartisan commission to address our debt and deficit. I called it the SAFE Commission, short for Securing America's Future Economy. It said everything should be on the table for discussion: all entitlement spending, all domestic discretionary spending, including defense spending, and tax reform, particularly changes to make the tax code more simple and fair and to end the practice of tax earmarks that costs hundreds of billions of dollars. Congress would be required to vote up or down on the commission's recommendations, just as was done in the base closing process. I was glad to have been joined in this effort by my good friend and colleague JIM COOPER of Tennessee. Our legislation served as the blueprint for the president's National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, commonly referred to as the Simpson-Bowles Commission. I am pleased Mr. COOPER and Mr. LaTOURETTE produced a full substitute amendment that I believe is the right way forward. I commend them for their work. The Simpson-Bowles Commission produced a credible plan that gained the support of a bipartisan majority of the commission's 18 members. Called ``The Moment of Truth,'' the commission's report made clear that eliminating the debt and deficit will not be easy and that any reform must begin with entitlements. Mandatory and discretionary spending also has to be addressed as well other ``sacred cows,'' including tax reform and defense spending." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 75 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 17 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 60 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Cut, Cap, and Balance Act of 2011. 19 July 2011. "As we listen to some call for a plan that includes more "revenue,'' I want to be clear that I don't support raising taxes on American families. I believe any responsible plan must take a look at reforming and simplifying the tax code to allow hard-working Americans to keep more of their own money and to spur individual savings and small business job creation. A balanced plan also must look at the reasons that have allowed the ethanol industry to become one of the most subsidized industries in the United States and other businesses to flourish because of direct spending through earmarks in the tax code. We must also look at certain tax earmarks and expenditures on the books which allow entities, such as General Electric, to not only owe no federal taxes, but to also claim a multimillion dollar tax benefit." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. A Statement of Conscience. 4 October 2011. "My conscience has compelled me to come to the floor today to voice concerns I have with the influence Grover Norquist, the president of Americans for Tax Reform, has on the political process in Washington. My issue is not with ATR's goal of keeping taxes low. Like Ronald Reagan said, and I believe, 'The problem is not that the people are taxed too little; the problem is that government spends too much.' I want to be perfectly clear: I do not support raising taxes on the American people. My concern is with the other individuals, groups and causes with whom Mr. Norquist is associated that have nothing to do with keeping taxes low." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement on Stimulus Package. 13 February 2009. "The Congress had the chance in the stimulus measure to take a bold step for America's future financial security, yet instead, I fear we are going down the same road of adding to the deficit and national debt with spending on many programs of questionable value in creating jobs and getting our economy back on track." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Economic Stimulus, SAFE Commission, Earmark Reform. 24 January 2008. "Working to get federal spending under control will continue to be a priority for me in the coming months. I have been working on legislation (H.R. 3654) to establish a bipartisan panel, the SAFE Commission, which would put everything - entitlement spending, discretionary spending and tax reform - on the table for discussion as a way to rein in federal spending." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Letter to the Honorable David Obey, Chairman, United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations. 14 September 2010. "In fact, we believe that we should work together now to cut spending unrelated to defense, veterans and homeland security to the fiscal year 2008 level." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. When the Well Rungs Dry: A Bipartisan Approach to Entitlement Reform. 15 January 2009. "Out-of-control spending is not just an economic issue, it is a moral issue also. Is it right for our generation to live very well, knowing that future generations of Americans will inherit a broken system in the form of massive debt, Social Security and Medicare obligations, unsustainable spending and commitments that cannot be kept?" (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 85 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. The Stimulus Proposal and Long-Term Budget Controls. 26 January 2009. "By letting the stimulus legislation pass the House without addressing the underlying problem of out-of-control spending, we are evading our responsibility as Members of Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. A Statement of Conscience. 4 October 2011. "Like President Reagan said, and I believe, 'The problem is not that people are taxed too little, the problem is that government spends too much.' There is no question that the real problem is overspending, especially on runaway entitlement costs and through hundreds of billions of so-called tax expenditures." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Frank Wolf a rating of 69 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Introduces Major Jobs Initiative. 29 July 2010. "These companies want to bring their manufacturing jobs back home but they won't do it simply because we ask them to. We need to consider tax incentives to aggressively 'onshore' these jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Job Creation Initiatives Included in CJS Appropriations Bill Approved by House. 10 May 2012. "A series of incentives aimed at helping manufacturing companies bring jobs back to America are included in an appropriations bill approved today in the House, according to Rep. Frank Wolf (R-VA). The annual spending bill that funds the departments of Commerce and Justice, as well as many of the nation's science programs, also includes a number of trade enforcement remedies that will help level the playing field for American companies competing against Chinese state-owned companies that are manipulating the market, Wolf said. Wolf, chairman of the Commerce-Justice-Science Appropriations subcommittee that produced the bill, has long argued that restoring America's manufacturing sector is the key to creating net new jobs in the U.S. That is why he included $128 million for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program and $21 million for an Advanced Manufacturing competitive research program in the measure. The bill also continues initiatives started last year to offer repatriation grants and loans to companies that bring jobs back to America and to companies that develop innovative technologies in the U.S. Similar language from last year's bill requiring the Commerce Department to develop repatriation task forces with members from the private and public sector also is in the fiscal year 2013 bill. The bill includes a number of new trade enforcement remedies to help American companies engaged in a losing battle with Chinese state-owned companies that are manipulating the market and urges U.S. trade enforcement agencies to more aggressively monitor and take action, under the standards authorized by the World Trade Organization, against state-owned companies in China. "Leveling the playing field will give American companies better opportunities to grow and hire new employees," Wolf said. "Chinese state-owned companies that are manipulating the market are one of the largest hindrances to job creation in the U.S." In addition to the trade enforcement remedies and manufacturing incentives, the measure extends a "Buy USA" provision requiring departments and agencies receiving funding though the bill to purchase promotional material like T-shirts and hats from U.S. companies when practical." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "I voted for this comprehensive federal education law reform to give states and local school districts greater flexibility in spending federal education dollars while also holding school systems more accountable for increasing student achievement and to give parents more control over their children's education. I have always believed that states and local communities understand best how to improve their schools. Over the past 10 years, federal education funding has increased nearly 150 percent." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Praises President Bush's Education Reform Package. 27 March 2001. "Tenth District Congressman Frank Wolf today announced his co-sponsorship of H.R. 1, President Bush's education reform package, and said he would work closely with his colleagues in the House to ensure passage of the legislation. H.R. 1 gives states and local school districts greater flexibility in spending federal education dollars but will hold school systems more accountable for increasing student achievement. The legislation requires annual testing in math and reading for students in grades three through eight. School systems that fail to improve will lose a portion of their federal funding. 'We cannot just continue to throw money at failing schools and hope that they improve,' Wolf said. 'The President's plan puts the power in the hands of schools, school districts, and states by granting more freedom in administering funds while at the same time holding them accountable for increasing student achievement.'" (wolf.house.gov)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Environment America 47 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Newsletter: Energy, Lyme Disease, Dulles Rail. 10 September 2008. "It's imperative that Congress have a fair and open debate on energy policy. We need a comprehensive plan with everything on the table -- alternative and renewable energy sources, conservation and development of our own energy resources onshore and offshore." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Supports Measure Aimed as Lowering Gas Prices. 5 May 2011. "I continue to support an all-of-the-above energy strategy that utilizes wind, solar, nuclear, coal, natural gas and other domestic sources to lower gas prices, create American jobs, generate revenue to help reduce the debt and deficit and strengthen our national security by decreasing our dependence on foreign sources of energy." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf: Expiration of Offshore Drilling Moratorium is Positive Step and Part of "All of the Above" Strategy. 25 September 2008. "Drilling offshore is part of the comprehensive energy strategy we need -- and I have voted for -- to end our country's dependence on foreign oil." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf: Democrats Energy Bill is Really a 'No Energy' Bill. 17 September 2008. ""I support -- and have voted -- to allow environmentally friendly oil and gas exploration and drilling off our coasts. That's what the American people want. I support -- and have voted -- to allow environmentally responsible oil and gas exploration and drilling in remote areas of Alaska. That's what the American people want." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Letter To The Honorable Bob McDonnell, Governor, Commonwealth of Virginia. 4 February 2010. "Virginia has the opportunity to develop offshore energy in an environmentally friendly manner, while improving our energy security and creating thousands of jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Environment America 47 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement On 'Cap & Trade' Energy Bill. 26 June 2009. "I recognize and understand that our country must move away from its dependence on carbon emitting fuels, but this legislation is not the answer. In reviewing the cap-and-trade' bill, I believe it has the potential to drive up energy costs, reduce jobs, and translate into a national energy tax that will hit every person in our country at a time people can least afford it." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 10 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "We must have fuel efficient automobiles that do not waste gasoline, and I have voted in the House to raise corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for U.S. auto makers to 33 mpg over 10 years consistent with the findings of the National Academy of Sciences, which can save 10 percent of the gasoline the nation would otherwise consume." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "There are many factors which impact oil prices, and unfortunately there are no overnight solutions. The U.S. is affected by the global supply and demand for oil. But we import too much oil and must work to become energy independent, including conserving the resources we use and finding alternative energy sources. I support increased gas mileage requirements for auto manufacturers, hydrogen fuel-cell and other alternative fuel vehicles, a monetary prize for scientists and engineers to develop hydrogen energy technology, E85 (ethanol) service stations, incentives for solar energy use, exploration for domestic energy sources, and telework to save energy and reduce air pollution." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)
  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "I believe that global warming is real and that the National Academy of Sciences has presented evidence that the Earth's surface is warming because of human activities, including increased worldwide industrial development, over the past several decades." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 60 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Frank Wolf. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Frank Wolf a grade of 55." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Frank Wolf in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Supports Removal of Automatic Funding For Health Care Overhaul. 5 April 2011. "I continue to believe that our country simply cannot afford the health care reform legislation signed into law last year. We need to do everything we can to prevent its implementation while working to replace the law with responsible solutions that lower cost and offer greater access to affordable health care coverage." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Issue Position: Health Care. 18 October 2011. "I support repealing the bill signed into by President Obama so that new legislation can be enacted in its place. Such legislation should focus on lowering the cost of health care coverage by increasing competition in the private health insurance market." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Defunding the Health Care Overhaul. 12 April 2011. "In voting against the original health care reform bill signed into law by President Obama, I cited then my concern about the billions of dollars in mandatory spending in the legislation. I continue to believe that it must be repealed and replaced with responsible solutions that lower cost and offer greater access to affordable health care coverage." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 20 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Spring Newsletter. 11 May 2011. "Earlier this year, I voted to repeal the health care 'reform' legislation that President Obama signed into law last year [¦] I also have voted more than a dozen times to stop implementation of the new law." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement on Repeal of Health Care Reform Law. 19 January 2011. "I want to see Congress pass thoughtful, bipartisan health care reforms that do not violate our moral obligation to pass on a better society to our children and grandchildren. Voting to repeal the flawed legislation passed last year is the first step toward that end." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Frank Wolf. Issue Position: Immigration. 1 July 2011. "I am opposed to amnesty and voted against the 1986 House immigration bill for that reason. Indeed, the massive influx of illegal immigrants over the last two decades has shown that amnesty is not the solution and may, in fact, make the problem worse. I believe that we must secure our borders and address the perverse incentives for illegal immigration before considering broader immigration reform." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. E-Newsletter - July 2, 2007. 2 July 2007. "I remain steadfastly opposed to the proposed Senate bill. I also remain steadfastly opposed to amnesty. Getting control of our borders must be the top priority of any immigration reform effort. We also must do a better job enforcing laws already on the books." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Signs Measure to Bring Immigration Bill to Floor. 11 March 2008. "Expedites the removal of illegal aliens by expanding detention capacity and increasing the number of Federal District Court Judges." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 85 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Frank Wolf voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the American Family Association 88 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 14 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Letter to the Honorable John Boehner, Speaker of the House. 13 July 2012. "The New York Times has also reported that President Obama reviews the pictures and biographies of suspected terrorists and personally decides which ones will be targets of drone strikes. Do you believe it is appropriate for the President of the United States to be shuffling terrorist "baseball cards" on a weekly basis and personally deciding who should be killed? Congressional oversight of the administration's handling of the war in Afghanistan, combined with a forward-looking assessment of our overall policy in the region, is of utmost importance." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 50 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Frank Wolf. Tackling Our Nation's Debt. 10 August 2012. "In our government, the money is in entitlements -- Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security. That's where reform must begin. Let me say it again: If we don't deal with Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security we cannot solve this problem. We need to do it in a way that really fixes the problem for today and for future generations. We need to do it in a way that strengthens America and creates economic growth and jobs. This will be difficult and at times controversial but the longer we wait we can be certain that it will only become more difficult and more controversial." (wolf.house.gov)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf: Payroll 'Holiday' Measure is Flawed. 13 December 2011. "We all know what needs to be done and that is why I have supported every serious effort to resolve this crisis, including the Bowles-Simpson recommendations, the Ryan Budget, the 'Gang of Six,' the 'Cut, Cap and Balance' plan and the Budget Control Act [¦] We can't balance the budget through discretionary cuts alone. We have to address the spiraling costs of entitlements, because, to paraphrase the infamous bank robber Willie Sutton, that's where the money is." (wolf.house.gov)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Virginia Congressional Election 2010 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-lifeInferred Answer a) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations
b) Should abortion be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy?
c) Should abortion be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape?
d) Should abortion be legal when the life of the woman is endangered?
e) Should federal subsidies be prohibited from being used for abortion procedures?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov.

1) Spending

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.

a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
1) Intelligence operations
2) Military hardware
3) National missile defense
4) Salary and benefits for active duty personnel
5) Programs to improve troop retention rates
6) Research and development of new weapons
d) Education
e) Environment
f) Homeland security
g) International aid
h) Medical research
i) Scientific research
j) Space exploration
k) United Nations
l) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

2) Taxes

Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.

a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Income taxes (low-income families)
g) Income taxes (middle-income families)
h) Income taxes (high-income families)
i) Other or expanded categories

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer 3) Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations
4) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
YesInferred Answer 5) Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations
6) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations
b) Do you support reducing government regulations on the private sector?
c) Do you support increasing the federal minimum wage?
d) Do you support the ability of workers to unionize?
e) Do you support federal funding for job-training programs that retrain displaced workers?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

a) Do you support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns?
b) Should Congress regulate indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
c) Do you support removing all contribution limits on federal campaigns?
d) Should candidates for federal office be encouraged to meet voluntary spending limits?
e) Do you support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations?
f) Do you support limiting the President's ability to define how legislation is applied through the use of signing statements?
g) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer a) Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations
b) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related training and job-placement assistance when released?
c) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with substance abuse treatment?
d) Do you support reduced prison sentences for non-violent offenders?
e) Do you support mandatory prison sentences for selling illegal drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations
b) Do you support federal funding for universal pre-K programs?
c) Do you support federal funding for charter schools?
d) Do you support federal funding for K-12 school vouchers?
e) Do you support the federal government providing college students with financial aid?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations
b) Do you support international emissions targets aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?
c) Do you support allowing energy producers to trade carbon credits under a "cap and trade" system?
d) Do you support strengthening fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles?
e) Do you support domestic oil exploration in federally-protected areas?
f) Do you support federal funding for the development of alternative energy?
g) Do you support the development of nuclear reactors?
h) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations
b) Do you believe that the Second Amendment guarantees the right of individual citizens to own guns?
c) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?
d) Do you support a ban on assault rifles?
e) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

NoInferred Answer a) Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations
b) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?
c) Should the federal government expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts?
d) Do you support monetary limits on damages that can be collected in malpractice lawsuits?
e) Do you support relaxing regulations on the importation of prescription drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations
b) Do you support decreasing the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country?
c) Do you support establishing English as the official national language?
d) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?
e) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer a) Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations
b) Do you support increasing military assistance for Afghanistan?
c) Do you support increasing economic development assistance for Afghanistan?
d) Should the United States continue to strike suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan?
e) Do you support granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States?
f) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
g) Do you support increasing sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
h) Do you support the withdrawal of United States troops from Iraq?
i) Do you support the United States' involvement in free trade agreements?
j) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer a) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations
b) Do you support allowing openly-gay men and women to serve in the United States military?
c) Do you support federal funding for embryonic stem cell research?
d) Should the federal government end affirmative action programs?
e) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

The central question you ask of those seeking public office: Are you willing to tell citizens your positions on the issues you will most likely face on their behalf? I am absolutely willing and am the only member of Congress to provide my position on issues which come before Congress through my complete voting record, made available to my constituents every year since 1981 when I first came to Congress. My voting record is posted on my congressional Web site at www.wolf.house.gov. I have been recognized by the Congressional Voting Record Project for my accountability to voters.