or Login to see your representatives.

Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

Simply enter your zip code above to get to all of your candidates and representatives, or enter a name. Then, just click on the person you are interested in, and you can navigate to the categories of information we track for them.

Frank Rudolph Wolf

Frank Wolf's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Frank Rudolph Wolf
Office: U.S. House (VA) - District 10, Republican
First Elected: 11/04/1980
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Carolyn; 5 Children: Frank Jr., Virginia, Anne, Brenda, Rebecca
Birth Date: 01/30/1939
Birth Place: Philadelphia, PA
Home City: Vienna, VA
Religion: Presbyterian
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Frank Wolf refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2012, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Frank Wolf a rating of 47 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Political Pledges. 4 October 2011. "I never raised taxes. I'm pro-life. But I don't recall signing any of those pledges. You don't hide your beliefs. You persuade people. You win or lose. And if you win, you are not beholden to anyone or anything other than your own beliefs." (wolf.house.gov)
  • Frank Wolf. A Statement of Conscience. 4 October 2011. "I'm pro-life [¦] You don't hide your beliefs. You persuade people. You win or lose. And if you win, you are not beholden to anyone or anything other than your own beliefs." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Frank Wolf. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Correspondence with President Obama on the Afghanistan/Pakistan Study Group. 21 September 2011. "I voted to go to war in Afghanistan. I stand by that decision and have the utmost confidence in General Petraeus's proven leadership. I also remain unequivocally committed to the success of our mission there and to the more than 100,000 American troops sacrificing toward that end." (votesmart.org)
  • Associated Press. Fox News: Afghan betrayal calls into question viability of US military strategy in Afghanistan. 3 March 2012. "Congress and the Obama administration need to wake up and realize that things are not going well in Afghanistan, and it has nothing to do with the capabilities of our troops,' Wolf said on the House floor Thursday. It has to do with 'Afghan security forces gunning down their American advisers,' he said." (www.foxnews.com)
  • Frank Wolf. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Peace Action West 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Afghanistan-Pakistan Study Group. 8 August 2012. "Even though the funding for the Af/Pak Study Group was approved, the Obama Administration has failed to establish a review team.  I question if politics dictated the administration's decision. Our men and women in uniform have fought bravely and served with distinction in Afghanistan and will continue to do so until they are called home.  Any shortcomings in our strategy or overall vision for success are not their burden to bear.  As too often happens, they have found themselves at the mercy of the latest political winds blowing through Washington.  I have been deeply disappointed that the president appears to have allowed these political winds to drive the war strategy." (wolf.house.gov)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Peace Action 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Mimi Hall. USA Today: Analysis: Issues up in the air on Afghanistan drawdown. 20 June 2011. "The House Appropriations Committee approved a measure to create an outside review panel to examine U.S. policy in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The panel would report back to Congress in 120 days. 'We are 10 years into our nation's longest-running war, and the American people and their elected representatives do not have a clear sense of what we are aiming to achieve, why it is necessary and how far we are from attaining our goal,' says Rep. Frank Wolf, R-Va., who proposed the idea." (www.usatoday.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Letter to the Honorable Robert Gates, Secretary of Defense, U.S. Department of Defense. 30 September 2010. "Recently Secretary Gates announced broad plans to reduce costs in the Department of Defense and re-appropriate those savings throughout the Department. As part of this plan, the Secretary announced three longer term projects and eight initiatives that he plans to begin implementing immediately. These eight initiatives have the ability to affect the Department, its ability to effectively fulfill its mission, and the security of the nation. A decision of this magnitude should not be made without careful reflection, supported by rigorous analysis. We have been told by the Department that the Secretary had several meetings and reviewed these decisions carefully. However, it seems clear that this decision did not carefully consider the national defense implications of such a change, nor is the decision substantiated with any sort of calculation of the direct and indirect costs to our national defense structure. In addition, no information has been provided by the Department to demonstrate any level of analysis, either financial or strategic, to determine what risks are being introduced into our national security strategy and how we are to mitigate these new risks." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Conference Report on H.R. 3630, Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. 17 February 2012. "I also was among the bipartisan group of 103 members of Congress who urged the supercommittee to ``go big'' and identify $4 trillion in savings. I continue to work with my colleagues to advance the Bowles-Simpson report. I voted for the Balanced Budget Amendment. Since 2006, when George Bush was in office, I have introduced my bipartisan legislation, the SAFE Commission, multiple times in hopes of dealing with this problem. While none of these solutions were perfect, they all took the necessary steps to rebuild and protect our economy. In order to solve this problem, everything must be on the table for consideration: all entitlement spending; all domestic discretionary spending, including defense spending; and tax reform, particularly changes to make the tax code more simple and fair and to end the practice of tax earmarks and loopholes that cost hundreds of billions of dollars annually." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2013. 29 March 2012. "In 2006 I introduced legislation to create an independent, bipartisan commission to address our debt and deficit. I called it the SAFE Commission, short for Securing America's Future Economy. It said everything should be on the table for discussion: all entitlement spending, all domestic discretionary spending, including defense spending, and tax reform, particularly changes to make the tax code more simple and fair and to end the practice of tax earmarks that costs hundreds of billions of dollars. Congress would be required to vote up or down on the commission's recommendations, just as was done in the base closing process. I was glad to have been joined in this effort by my good friend and colleague JIM COOPER of Tennessee. Our legislation served as the blueprint for the president's National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, commonly referred to as the Simpson-Bowles Commission. I am pleased Mr. COOPER and Mr. LaTOURETTE produced a full substitute amendment that I believe is the right way forward. I commend them for their work. The Simpson-Bowles Commission produced a credible plan that gained the support of a bipartisan majority of the commission's 18 members. Called ``The Moment of Truth,'' the commission's report made clear that eliminating the debt and deficit will not be easy and that any reform must begin with entitlements. Mandatory and discretionary spending also has to be addressed as well other ``sacred cows,'' including tax reform and defense spending." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 75 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 17 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 60 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Cut, Cap, and Balance Act of 2011. 19 July 2011. "As we listen to some call for a plan that includes more "revenue,'' I want to be clear that I don't support raising taxes on American families. I believe any responsible plan must take a look at reforming and simplifying the tax code to allow hard-working Americans to keep more of their own money and to spur individual savings and small business job creation. A balanced plan also must look at the reasons that have allowed the ethanol industry to become one of the most subsidized industries in the United States and other businesses to flourish because of direct spending through earmarks in the tax code. We must also look at certain tax earmarks and expenditures on the books which allow entities, such as General Electric, to not only owe no federal taxes, but to also claim a multimillion dollar tax benefit." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. A Statement of Conscience. 4 October 2011. "My conscience has compelled me to come to the floor today to voice concerns I have with the influence Grover Norquist, the president of Americans for Tax Reform, has on the political process in Washington. My issue is not with ATR's goal of keeping taxes low. Like Ronald Reagan said, and I believe, 'The problem is not that the people are taxed too little; the problem is that government spends too much.' I want to be perfectly clear: I do not support raising taxes on the American people. My concern is with the other individuals, groups and causes with whom Mr. Norquist is associated that have nothing to do with keeping taxes low." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement on Stimulus Package. 13 February 2009. "The Congress had the chance in the stimulus measure to take a bold step for America's future financial security, yet instead, I fear we are going down the same road of adding to the deficit and national debt with spending on many programs of questionable value in creating jobs and getting our economy back on track." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Economic Stimulus, SAFE Commission, Earmark Reform. 24 January 2008. "Working to get federal spending under control will continue to be a priority for me in the coming months. I have been working on legislation (H.R. 3654) to establish a bipartisan panel, the SAFE Commission, which would put everything - entitlement spending, discretionary spending and tax reform - on the table for discussion as a way to rein in federal spending." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Letter to the Honorable David Obey, Chairman, United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations. 14 September 2010. "In fact, we believe that we should work together now to cut spending unrelated to defense, veterans and homeland security to the fiscal year 2008 level." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. When the Well Rungs Dry: A Bipartisan Approach to Entitlement Reform. 15 January 2009. "Out-of-control spending is not just an economic issue, it is a moral issue also. Is it right for our generation to live very well, knowing that future generations of Americans will inherit a broken system in the form of massive debt, Social Security and Medicare obligations, unsustainable spending and commitments that cannot be kept?" (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 85 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. The Stimulus Proposal and Long-Term Budget Controls. 26 January 2009. "By letting the stimulus legislation pass the House without addressing the underlying problem of out-of-control spending, we are evading our responsibility as Members of Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. A Statement of Conscience. 4 October 2011. "Like President Reagan said, and I believe, 'The problem is not that people are taxed too little, the problem is that government spends too much.' There is no question that the real problem is overspending, especially on runaway entitlement costs and through hundreds of billions of so-called tax expenditures." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Frank Wolf a rating of 69 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Introduces Major Jobs Initiative. 29 July 2010. "These companies want to bring their manufacturing jobs back home but they won't do it simply because we ask them to. We need to consider tax incentives to aggressively 'onshore' these jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Job Creation Initiatives Included in CJS Appropriations Bill Approved by House. 10 May 2012. "A series of incentives aimed at helping manufacturing companies bring jobs back to America are included in an appropriations bill approved today in the House, according to Rep. Frank Wolf (R-VA). The annual spending bill that funds the departments of Commerce and Justice, as well as many of the nation's science programs, also includes a number of trade enforcement remedies that will help level the playing field for American companies competing against Chinese state-owned companies that are manipulating the market, Wolf said. Wolf, chairman of the Commerce-Justice-Science Appropriations subcommittee that produced the bill, has long argued that restoring America's manufacturing sector is the key to creating net new jobs in the U.S. That is why he included $128 million for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program and $21 million for an Advanced Manufacturing competitive research program in the measure. The bill also continues initiatives started last year to offer repatriation grants and loans to companies that bring jobs back to America and to companies that develop innovative technologies in the U.S. Similar language from last year's bill requiring the Commerce Department to develop repatriation task forces with members from the private and public sector also is in the fiscal year 2013 bill. The bill includes a number of new trade enforcement remedies to help American companies engaged in a losing battle with Chinese state-owned companies that are manipulating the market and urges U.S. trade enforcement agencies to more aggressively monitor and take action, under the standards authorized by the World Trade Organization, against state-owned companies in China. "Leveling the playing field will give American companies better opportunities to grow and hire new employees," Wolf said. "Chinese state-owned companies that are manipulating the market are one of the largest hindrances to job creation in the U.S." In addition to the trade enforcement remedies and manufacturing incentives, the measure extends a "Buy USA" provision requiring departments and agencies receiving funding though the bill to purchase promotional material like T-shirts and hats from U.S. companies when practical." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "I voted for this comprehensive federal education law reform to give states and local school districts greater flexibility in spending federal education dollars while also holding school systems more accountable for increasing student achievement and to give parents more control over their children's education. I have always believed that states and local communities understand best how to improve their schools. Over the past 10 years, federal education funding has increased nearly 150 percent." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Praises President Bush's Education Reform Package. 27 March 2001. "Tenth District Congressman Frank Wolf today announced his co-sponsorship of H.R. 1, President Bush's education reform package, and said he would work closely with his colleagues in the House to ensure passage of the legislation. H.R. 1 gives states and local school districts greater flexibility in spending federal education dollars but will hold school systems more accountable for increasing student achievement. The legislation requires annual testing in math and reading for students in grades three through eight. School systems that fail to improve will lose a portion of their federal funding. 'We cannot just continue to throw money at failing schools and hope that they improve,' Wolf said. 'The President's plan puts the power in the hands of schools, school districts, and states by granting more freedom in administering funds while at the same time holding them accountable for increasing student achievement.'" (wolf.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Environment America 47 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Newsletter: Energy, Lyme Disease, Dulles Rail. 10 September 2008. "It's imperative that Congress have a fair and open debate on energy policy. We need a comprehensive plan with everything on the table -- alternative and renewable energy sources, conservation and development of our own energy resources onshore and offshore." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Supports Measure Aimed as Lowering Gas Prices. 5 May 2011. "I continue to support an all-of-the-above energy strategy that utilizes wind, solar, nuclear, coal, natural gas and other domestic sources to lower gas prices, create American jobs, generate revenue to help reduce the debt and deficit and strengthen our national security by decreasing our dependence on foreign sources of energy." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf: Expiration of Offshore Drilling Moratorium is Positive Step and Part of "All of the Above" Strategy. 25 September 2008. "Drilling offshore is part of the comprehensive energy strategy we need -- and I have voted for -- to end our country's dependence on foreign oil." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf: Democrats Energy Bill is Really a 'No Energy' Bill. 17 September 2008. ""I support -- and have voted -- to allow environmentally friendly oil and gas exploration and drilling off our coasts. That's what the American people want. I support -- and have voted -- to allow environmentally responsible oil and gas exploration and drilling in remote areas of Alaska. That's what the American people want." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Letter To The Honorable Bob McDonnell, Governor, Commonwealth of Virginia. 4 February 2010. "Virginia has the opportunity to develop offshore energy in an environmentally friendly manner, while improving our energy security and creating thousands of jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of Environment America 47 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement On 'Cap & Trade' Energy Bill. 26 June 2009. "I recognize and understand that our country must move away from its dependence on carbon emitting fuels, but this legislation is not the answer. In reviewing the cap-and-trade' bill, I believe it has the potential to drive up energy costs, reduce jobs, and translate into a national energy tax that will hit every person in our country at a time people can least afford it." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 10 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "We must have fuel efficient automobiles that do not waste gasoline, and I have voted in the House to raise corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for U.S. auto makers to 33 mpg over 10 years consistent with the findings of the National Academy of Sciences, which can save 10 percent of the gasoline the nation would otherwise consume." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "There are many factors which impact oil prices, and unfortunately there are no overnight solutions. The U.S. is affected by the global supply and demand for oil. But we import too much oil and must work to become energy independent, including conserving the resources we use and finding alternative energy sources. I support increased gas mileage requirements for auto manufacturers, hydrogen fuel-cell and other alternative fuel vehicles, a monetary prize for scientists and engineers to develop hydrogen energy technology, E85 (ethanol) service stations, incentives for solar energy use, exploration for domestic energy sources, and telework to save energy and reduce air pollution." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)
  • Frank Wolf. U.S. Congress, 10th District, Frank Wolf (R). 29 October 2006. "I believe that global warming is real and that the National Academy of Sciences has presented evidence that the Earth's surface is warming because of human activities, including increased worldwide industrial development, over the past several decades." (www.connectionnewspapers.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 60 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Frank Wolf. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Frank Wolf a grade of 55." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Frank Wolf in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Supports Removal of Automatic Funding For Health Care Overhaul. 5 April 2011. "I continue to believe that our country simply cannot afford the health care reform legislation signed into law last year. We need to do everything we can to prevent its implementation while working to replace the law with responsible solutions that lower cost and offer greater access to affordable health care coverage." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Issue Position: Health Care. 18 October 2011. "I support repealing the bill signed into by President Obama so that new legislation can be enacted in its place. Such legislation should focus on lowering the cost of health care coverage by increasing competition in the private health insurance market." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Defunding the Health Care Overhaul. 12 April 2011. "In voting against the original health care reform bill signed into law by President Obama, I cited then my concern about the billions of dollars in mandatory spending in the legislation. I continue to believe that it must be repealed and replaced with responsible solutions that lower cost and offer greater access to affordable health care coverage." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 20 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Spring Newsletter. 11 May 2011. "Earlier this year, I voted to repeal the health care 'reform' legislation that President Obama signed into law last year [¦] I also have voted more than a dozen times to stop implementation of the new law." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement on Repeal of Health Care Reform Law. 19 January 2011. "I want to see Congress pass thoughtful, bipartisan health care reforms that do not violate our moral obligation to pass on a better society to our children and grandchildren. Voting to repeal the flawed legislation passed last year is the first step toward that end." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Frank Wolf. Issue Position: Immigration. 1 July 2011. "I am opposed to amnesty and voted against the 1986 House immigration bill for that reason. Indeed, the massive influx of illegal immigrants over the last two decades has shown that amnesty is not the solution and may, in fact, make the problem worse. I believe that we must secure our borders and address the perverse incentives for illegal immigration before considering broader immigration reform." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. E-Newsletter - July 2, 2007. 2 July 2007. "I remain steadfastly opposed to the proposed Senate bill. I also remain steadfastly opposed to amnesty. Getting control of our borders must be the top priority of any immigration reform effort. We also must do a better job enforcing laws already on the books." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Signs Measure to Bring Immigration Bill to Floor. 11 March 2008. "Expedites the removal of illegal aliens by expanding detention capacity and increasing the number of Federal District Court Judges." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 85 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Frank Wolf voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the American Family Association 88 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Frank Wolf voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 14 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Frank Wolf voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Frank Wolf. Letter to the Honorable John Boehner, Speaker of the House. 13 July 2012. "The New York Times has also reported that President Obama reviews the pictures and biographies of suspected terrorists and personally decides which ones will be targets of drone strikes. Do you believe it is appropriate for the President of the United States to be shuffling terrorist "baseball cards" on a weekly basis and personally deciding who should be killed? Congressional oversight of the administration's handling of the war in Afghanistan, combined with a forward-looking assessment of our overall policy in the region, is of utmost importance." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 50 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Virginia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Frank Wolf. Tackling Our Nation's Debt. 10 August 2012. "In our government, the money is in entitlements -- Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security. That's where reform must begin. Let me say it again: If we don't deal with Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security we cannot solve this problem. We need to do it in a way that really fixes the problem for today and for future generations. We need to do it in a way that strengthens America and creates economic growth and jobs. This will be difficult and at times controversial but the longer we wait we can be certain that it will only become more difficult and more controversial." (wolf.house.gov)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf: Payroll 'Holiday' Measure is Flawed. 13 December 2011. "We all know what needs to be done and that is why I have supported every serious effort to resolve this crisis, including the Bowles-Simpson recommendations, the Ryan Budget, the 'Gang of Six,' the 'Cut, Cap and Balance' plan and the Budget Control Act [¦] We can't balance the budget through discretionary cuts alone. We have to address the spiraling costs of entitlements, because, to paraphrase the infamous bank robber Willie Sutton, that's where the money is." (wolf.house.gov)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Virginia Congressional Election 2010 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-lifeInferred Answer a) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 760. 108th Congress. To prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 4 June 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 2 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3660. 106th Congress. To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 4 May 2000. (votesmart.org)
b) Should abortion be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy?
c) Should abortion be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape?
d) Should abortion be legal when the life of the woman is endangered?
e) Should federal subsidies be prohibited from being used for abortion procedures?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov.

1) Spending
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.
a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
1) Intelligence operations
2) Military hardware
3) National missile defense
4) Salary and benefits for active duty personnel
5) Programs to improve troop retention rates
6) Research and development of new weapons
d) Education
e) Environment
f) Homeland security
g) International aid
h) Medical research
i) Scientific research
j) Space exploration
k) United Nations
l) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

2) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Income taxes (low-income families)
g) Income taxes (middle-income families)
h) Income taxes (high-income families)
i) Other or expanded categories

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer 3) Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 67 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Again Supports Repeal of 'Death Tax.' 3 August 2007. "'The estate tax is particularly harmful to small- and family-owned businesses, which are the backbone of our economy,' said Wolf, who voted to repeal the estate tax in 2001." (votesmart.org)
4) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
YesInferred Answer 5) Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations
  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Club for Growth 58 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008. 3 October 2008. "Access to credit is the lifeline of our economy. I'm worried that if we don't take the necessary action to shore up the Nation's credit system it will be the mom and dad in Herndon who won't be able to get a student loan to send their kids to college or buy a new house, or the young college graduate in Leesburg who won't be able to get a loan to buy a first car, or the older couple in Winchester nearing retirement whose nest egg in a 401(k) account is losing value, or the mom and pop store around the corner in Front Royal that can't get the loan to make payroll, or the family in Manassas who need to sell their house but watch as home values drop and the prospective buyer can't get a home loan. I believe this crisis calls for extraordinary action. Some say without action millions of jobs could be lost. I believe the legislative package before Congress was mis-named as a 'bailout.' It is important to understand that it was a depression prevention plan to help restore confidence in and stabilize our country's credit system and ultimately the American economy. No legislation is ever perfect and there will be people of good will who disagree. But in tough times, it is the responsibility of lawmakers to act and make tough choices. I voted for this legislation today because I believe it was the right thing to do to begin the process of resolving this crisis and setting the country's financial institutions on sound footing. This legislation was a bipartisan compromise dramatically changed and improved from the original proposal and forged after tough negotiations between both political parties and the call that the measure must first and foremost protect taxpayers' investment and have transparency, accountability and oversight." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement on Stimulus Package. 13 February 2009. "I understand that Americans are hurting. Many have lost their jobs, are unable to pay their mortgage, don't have health insurance and are struggling to make ends meet. Small businesses have especially felt the brunt of the recession. Congress needs to come together with the president to restore confidence in the economy and create a climate conducive to job growth. But instead of a narrowly focused effort to stimulate the economy through targeted programs to put more money in the hands of taxpayers and create jobs, this massive spending bill - the largest in our nation's history - creates new programs and bolsters others, many of which have nothing to do with economic recovery. I don't question the urgency of congressional action to stimulate the economy, but I do question the priorities in this package and its $787 billion price tag. I did not support this measure because I was not convinced that this legislative package would allow for the kind of immediate growth and job creation for which these desperate times call." (votesmart.org)
6) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations
  • Frank Wolf. Issue Position: SAFE Commission. "We must reform our entitlement programs to avoid a financial disaster in the coming years. Currently, Medicare and Social Security account for 40 percent of federal spending. Over the next 35 years the cost is expected to reach 80 percent of all federal spending. Without reform, in about 30 years, there would be no discretionary money left for defense spending. In less than 20 years, there would be no money for student loans, transportation funding, national parks, or cancer research, just to name a few national priorities that would suffer.I continue to advocate for a national commission that would address this problem. The bill I introduced, the SAFE (Securing America's Future Economy) Commission Act, would establish a bipartisan committee to address the budget crisis and put all options on the table, from tax policy to entitlement spending. Congress would be required to vote on the commission's recommendations. I believe we have a moral responsibility to future generations to address this difficult problem, and I will continue to push my colleagues to join me." (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support reducing government regulations on the private sector?
c) Do you support increasing the federal minimum wage?
d) Do you support the ability of workers to unionize?
e) Do you support federal funding for job-training programs that retrain displaced workers?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

a) Do you support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns?
b) Should Congress regulate indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
c) Do you support removing all contribution limits on federal campaigns?
d) Should candidates for federal office be encouraged to meet voluntary spending limits?
e) Do you support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations?
f) Do you support limiting the President's ability to define how legislation is applied through the use of signing statements?
g) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer a) Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations
  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 30 percent in 2005-2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. H Amdt 497 to HR 2181. 105th Congress. An amendment to add a new section which provides that in further consideration of death sentence recommendations, life imprisonment shall be imposed instead, if the court has any doubt that a defendant actually committed the offense. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on 25 February 1998. (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related training and job-placement assistance when released?
c) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with substance abuse treatment?
d) Do you support reduced prison sentences for non-violent offenders?
e) Do you support mandatory prison sentences for selling illegal drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations
  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 60 percent in 1999-2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: Voted YES on 22 March 2001. (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support federal funding for universal pre-K programs?
c) Do you support federal funding for charter schools?
d) Do you support federal funding for K-12 school vouchers?
e) Do you support the federal government providing college students with financial aid?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of Environment America 47 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. 6 December 2007. "Mr. Speaker, America must develop a 21st century energy security policy that will reduce energy costs, increase energy independence, encourage energy conservation, strengthen the economy and protect the environment, including steps to cut carbon emissions and address the impacts of climate change. I believe that policy must also include a commitment to invest in clean, renewable energy technology, the responsible exploration of domestic energy sources, an increase in fuel efficiency standards, and the research necessary to develop the fuels of the future." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Issue Position: Energy/Gas Prices. "No one action alone can make our nation energy independent overnight, and that's why it is critical that work begin today on a comprehensive approach for the long term. Congress needs to take action on long-term solutions, including increasing refinery capacity, tapping into domestic sources of energy, supporting research on clean coal technology, investing in the development of alternative and renewable fuels, developing the hydrogen economy and promoting energy conservation....I have voted for responsible oil and gas exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and on the outer continental shelf, as well as developing domestic crude resources in oil shale and also to increase refinery capacity and production in the U.S., which has not occurred in the U.S. in over 30 years.I continue to support alternative and renewable energy initiatives as part of a comprehensive energy policy. This includes investing in the development in the development of clean, renewable energy, including solar and wind power, supporting research in clean coal technology, and developing the hydrogen economy. I voted for the new energy law enacted last December which invests in research and development for a whole host of renewable resources and promotes energy conservation programs and investment by the private sector in renewable energy generation as well as new energy transmission technologies." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement On 'Cap & Trade' Energy Bill. 26 June 2009. "I recognize and understand that our country must move away from its dependence on carbon emitting fuels, but this legislation is not the answer. In reviewing the 'cap-and-trade' bill, I believe it has the potential to drive up energy costs, reduce jobs, and translate into a national energy tax that will hit every person in our country at a time people can least afford it. Americans are hurting because of the recession. The president himself predicted we will soon have 10 percent unemployment. We should not be putting American jobs and the American people at even greater risk during an economic downturn by instituting an untested and complex plan that will touch every family and every business that uses oil-generated products....Like the first Manhattan Project, which was launched to ensure the security of our country, today our national security depends on our ability to produce reliable, cost-effective and environmentally friendly sources of energy to fuel our economy. The New Manhattan Project calls for the United States to achieve 50 percent energy independence in 10 years and 100 percent energy independence in 20 years and will award competitive grants to the first individual or group who can reach any of seven bold energy goals. Those include: doubling car fuel efficiency to 70 mpg while keeping vehicles affordable; cutting home and business energy usage in half; making solar power work at the same cost as coal; making the production of biofuels cost-competitive with gasoline; safely and cheaply storing carbon emissions from coal-powered plants; safely storing or neutralizing nuclear waste, and producing usable electricity from a nuclear fusion reaction. Just like the challenge of the 20th century's space program to put a man on the moon in a decade, I believe a unified effort such as a New Manhattan Project is the challenge of the 21st century and could transform our nation's energy security. Unfortunately, the New Manhattan Project amendment was not adopted by the House." (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support international emissions targets aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?
c) Do you support allowing energy producers to trade carbon credits under a "cap and trade" system?
d) Do you support strengthening fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles?
e) Do you support domestic oil exploration in federally-protected areas?
f) Do you support federal funding for the development of alternative energy?
g) Do you support the development of nuclear reactors?
h) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4296. 103rd Congress. To make unlawful the transfer or possession of assault weapons. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on 5 May 1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 60 percent from 1991 and 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Frank Wolf a grade of C. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 1025. 103rd Congress. To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 10 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
b) Do you believe that the Second Amendment guarantees the right of individual citizens to own guns?
c) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?
d) Do you support a ban on assault rifles?
e) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

NoInferred Answer a) Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 44 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. The Cooper-Wolf Safe Commission Bill. 27 October 2009. "The national debt is approaching $12 trillion, and the `09 fiscal year registered a staggering $1.4 trillion in red ink. Meanwhile the House is expected to consider a health insurance reform package with a price tag nearing $900 billion, with a Government run public option." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf Statement On Health Care Bill. 22 March 2010. "I do not question the need for Congress to find a way for the millions of Americans without health insurance to be assured of quality, affordable health care. The majority of my constituents in the 10th District of Virginia have made clear that they want an open and transparent process in which Republicans and Democrats work together to pass responsible health care reform that lowers costs and offers greater access to affordable health care. They told me that they don't want more government spending. They don't want government-run health care. They don't want a plan that hurts America's seniors, families or small businesses. What they do want is a plan that fixes what's broken and keeps what's working without adding billions of dollars to an already ballooning deficit. I cannot support today's bill because it will raise over $500 billion in new taxes during a recession and times of high unemployment. This will especially hit small business employers at a time when the federal government should be assisting in job creation, not raising taxes." (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Wolf: House Democrats Health Care Reform Legislation Too Costly. 16 November 2009. "The American people want Congress to pass responsible health care reform that lowers costs and offers greater access to affordable health care. They do not want more government spending and a government takeover of health care. But that's where H.R. 3962 is heading. It features a government-run option to compete with private plans and adds dozens of new government mandates at a cost of $1.055 trillion over the next decade, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO). It would raise taxes, add to our national debt, and hurt America's seniors, families and small businesses during a time of economic recession and unemployment topping 10.2 percent. Simply stated, it is the wrong plan at the wrong time." (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?
c) Should the federal government expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts?
d) Do you support monetary limits on damages that can be collected in malpractice lawsuits?
e) Do you support relaxing regulations on the importation of prescription drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Unknown PositionInferred Answer a) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 77 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 0 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. Issue Position: Immigration. "I am opposed to amnesty and voted against the 1986 House immigration bill for that reason. Indeed, the massive influx of illegal immigrants over the last two decades has shown that amnesty is not the solution and may, in fact, make the problem worse. I believe that we must secure our borders and address the perverse incentives for illegal immigration before considering broader immigration reform. I am a cosponsor of the bipartisan Secure America through Verification and Enforcement (SAVE) Act, H.R. 4088, to increase the number of Border Patrol agents by 8,000 and create a pilot program to increase aerial surveillance, satellite and equipment sharing between the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Defense. More recently, I have joined nearly 200 of my colleagues in signing a discharge petition on the bill to bring it before the full House for consideration. Further, it would expand the existing Employment Eligibility Verification (E-Verify) program by requiring that all employers enroll within four years. This would ensure that all workers hired have a valid work permit. This expanded program would begin with the federal government, federal contractors, and employers with over 250 employees. Smaller businesses would begin using the system in a graduated manner." (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support decreasing the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country?
c) Do you support establishing English as the official national language?
d) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?
e) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer a) Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations
  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. Frank Wolf supported the interests of Peace Action West 8 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted NO on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support increasing military assistance for Afghanistan?
c) Do you support increasing economic development assistance for Afghanistan?
d) Should the United States continue to strike suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan?
e) Do you support granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States?
f) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
g) Do you support increasing sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
h) Do you support the withdrawal of United States troops from Iraq?
i) Do you support the United States' involvement in free trade agreements?
j) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

YesInferred Answer a) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations
  • Frank Wolf. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Frank Wolf. HR 3396. 103rd Congress. To define and protect the institution of marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: Frank Wolf voted YES on 12 July 1996. (votesmart.org)
b) Do you support allowing openly-gay men and women to serve in the United States military?
c) Do you support federal funding for embryonic stem cell research?
d) Should the federal government end affirmative action programs?
e) Other or expanded principles

See complete voting record posted at www.wolf.house.gov

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

The central question you ask of those seeking public office: Are you willing to tell citizens your positions on the issues you will most likely face on their behalf? I am absolutely willing and am the only member of Congress to provide my position on issues which come before Congress through my complete voting record, made available to my constituents every year since 1981 when I first came to Congress. My voting record is posted on my congressional Web site at www.wolf.house.gov. I have been recognized by the Congressional Voting Record Project for my accountability to voters.

Back to top