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Eddie Bernice Johnson

Eddie Johnson's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Eddie Bernice Johnson
Office: U.S. House (TX) - District 30, Democratic
First Elected: 11/03/1992
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 30
General Nov. 4, 2014
Primary March 4, 2014
Gender: Female
Family: Divorced; 1 Child: Kirk
Birth Date: 12/03/1934
Birth Place: Waco, TX
Home City: Dallas, TX
Religion: Baptist
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Campaign Email
ebj@ebj2014.com

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Eddie Johnson a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Women's Political Caucus. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Women's Political Caucus endorsed Eddie Johnson in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • National Women's Political Caucus. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Women's Political Caucus endorsed Eddie Johnson in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of Peace Action West 50 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Peace Action 50 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Homeland Security, National Security, Veterans. 8 August 2012. "Congresswoman Johnson is an ardent supporter of homeland security and a strong national defense. She has traveled to Iraq to meet with our troops and military leaders on several occasions. She has consistently voted for better equipment and protection for our brave men and women despite her opposition to the Iraq War." (ebj2012.com)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] c) Defense"
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • Eddie Johnson. Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson Releases A Statement on the Buffett Rule. 17 April 2012. "Middle class Americans are being asked to pay a higher tax rate than millionaires and billionaires. This is an unfair burden on the middle class, which is why I support the Buffett Rule. The Buffett Rule seeks to reverse the notion that the tax code only works for the wealthy. For far too long, the tax code has benefited the wealthiest Americans, while middle class families have struggled. It is time for Congress to work together to address this injustice, strengthen our middle class, and rebuild our economy. The Buffett Rule will help us get there." (ebjohnson.house.gov)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 92 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "...Congress should support a Federal budget that will make us more competitive in the global economy, spread prosperity to more Americans and reestablishes fiscal discipline... ...Last year we raised the debt $984 billion in one year... There are three things wrong...: the permanent tax cuts which cost $1.2 trillion, a war in Iraq which cost us $300 billion so far, and the ever-increasing deficit... I support the Congressional Black Caucus budget alternative plan... this plan will [include]: a reduction in the tax cuts...for individuals whose...income exceeds...$200,000; and the closing of tax loopholes, abusive shelters, and methods of tax avoidance... ...I voted for the Democratic plan ...[to reinstate] the pay-as-you-go rules..."
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Eddie Johnson a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. CONGRESSWOMAN JOHNSON LAUDS TAX CUTS & ACCESS TO CAPITAL FOR SMALL BUSINESS JOB CREATION. 23 September 2010. "We owe it to them to ensure that they have a business environment in this country that helps them grow and flourish. Increased access to capital and new tax cuts will not only keep jobs in America, it will allow small businesses to make it in America." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Issue Position: The Economy. 10 November 2011. "Congresswoman Johnson is fighting to reverse policies that favor wealthy corporate interests at the expense of America's workers. She wants to reverse the growing trend of companies outsourcing American jobs to foreign countries by ending tax breaks for companies that outsource jobs and cutting taxes for small businesses and domestic manufacturers that create jobs here at home." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Small Business Tax Relief To Help Dallas Entrepreneurs And Workers. 1 March 2007. "H.R. 976 contains important targeted tax relief for Greater Metroplex's small business community. What's more, it helps them absorb some of the economic shock while allowing them to raise their employees' minimum wage." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. The President's American Jobs Act and Small Business. 3 November 2011. "The President's American Jobs Act will cut the payroll tax in half for 98 percent of small businesses. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates that cutting of the payroll tax is one of the most effective job-creating measures. In addition, the President's proposal will completely eliminate payroll taxes for businesses that add new workers. This incentive is directly targeted to encourage small businesses to hire new workers." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Issue Position: Education. 8 August 2012. "Congresswoman Johnson believes that United States Congress must support high quality education to remain competitive in the world. As a mother and grandmother of three, she understands that nothing is more important than the education we provide our children. While there is no substitute for local control of our schools, she believes the federal government has a key role in modernizing our schools, reducing class size, and empowering our teachers." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson Supports Comprehensive Energy Legislation. 17 September 2008. "Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson today voted for H.R. 6899, the Comprehensive American Energy Security and Consumer Protection Act, an inclusive Democratic plan that expands domestic and renewable sources of oil, gas and renewables to increase national security, promotes the creation of well-paying jobs in the U.S., ends subsidies to the oil companies and requires Big Oil to pay what it owes to taxpayers [¦] H.R. 6899 permits leasing of the Outer Continental Shelf between 50 and 100 miles offshore if a state "opts-in" to allow gas and oil leasing off its coastline by enacting state law. The remaining Outer Continental Shelf beyond 100 miles from the coast will be open to leasing. The legislation removes national marine monuments and sanctuaries permanently from oil and gas leasing and prevents drilling in national defense areas." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Eddie Johnson in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Eddie Johnson in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Eddie Johnson in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Eddie Johnson in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 90 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 93 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Eddie Johnson in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Eddie Johnson a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Eddie Johnson. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Texas Voting Rights. 8 August 2012. "We must honor those who have fought and continue to fight for our right of free speech, our right to bear arms and most importantly our right to vote." (ebj2012.blogspot.com)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Eddie Johnson. Congressional Black Caucus and the Affordable Care Act. 18 January 2011. "I am confident that if we repeal Affordable Care Act, we present a grave, unhealthy danger to the lives of our most vulnerable populations who need health care most by playing politics." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson Celebrates the First Anniversary of the Affordable Health Care Act. 23 March 2011. "Exactly one year ago today, President Obama signed the Affordable Care Act into law -- making health care a right, not a privilege, for all Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Congresswoman Johnson Praises Free Preventative Care Benefits from Health Care Reform. 14 July 2010. "While Democrats are fighting to give all Americans access to free preventive care, Republicans are threatening to repeal this benefit and all of the benefits of historic health care reform." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Letter to the Honorable Barack H. Obama, President of the United States. 15 July 2011. "Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, we took measures to lower health care costs without cutting benefits or increasing cost-sharing requirement. While we can make more improvements, we must not abandon that commitment." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law. 19 January 2011. "Repealing the law would take us back to the days when big insurance companies had the power to decide what patients can receive--allowing them to once again deny coverage to children with pre-existing conditions, cancel coverage when people get sick, place limits on the amount of care people can get, or overcharge for insurance just to boost their profits." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 88 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Eddie Johnson voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?"
  • Eddie Johnson. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Eddie Johnson voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "In 1996 when DOMA was enacted, lesbians and gay men could not marry anywhere in the world. At that time, Congress acted with regrettable haste and without respect for its longstanding practice of respecting state marriages for purposes of federal law. That practice had served Congress's interests in promoting stability and security for American families; it was a mistake to abandon it. Congress has no legitimate federal interest that is rationally served by treating married gay and lesbian couples as unmarried for all federal purposes. Section 3 is unconstitutional and should be struck down." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Eddie Johnson supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Eddie Johnson. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Eddie Johnson. Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson's Response to the State of the Union. 3 February 2005. "The White House is pitching that younger workers be allowed to privatize portions of their Social Security contributions as a 'solution.' This won't solve lack of funding; in fact, it creates the need to borrow even more to fill a big hole should privatization occur." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. GOP Social Security Plan Cuts Benefits and Continues to Raid the Social Security Trust Fund. 27 July 2005. "The Republican majority's Social Security plan includes a privatization tax that would cut guaranteed benefits for the people who need it most. This effectively replaces part of our guaranteed benefit with a private account and leaves us worse off, depending on the whims of the stock market." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Privatizing Social Security. 5 April 2005. "Mr. Speaker, the President's plan to privatize Social Security is social insecurity, not social security. By forcing people, especially seniors, to rely on private accounts that fluctuate with the market, the President is gambling with our economic safety net." (votesmart.org)
  • Eddie Johnson. Social Security. 2 March 2005. "Most privatization plans propose to strip a few percentage points off the Social Security payroll tax and divert them to private individual investment accounts. Most people happily focus on the vision of a few dollars a month growing into millions of dollars over time. Unfortunately, this is a dream and not reality, as we have witnessed in the current stock market." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Texas Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
d) Education
e) Environment
f) FEMA
g) Homeland security
h) International aid
i) Law enforcement (Federal)
j) Law enforcement (State)
k) Medical research
l) National parks
m) Public health services
n) Scientific research
o) Space exploration programs
p) Transportation and highway infrastructure
q) United Nations
r) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
2) Defense Spending
a) Armed forces personnel training
b) Intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
e) National missile defense
f) Pay for active duty personnel
g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
h) Research and development of new weapons
i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
a) Less than $12,000
b) $12,001-$40,000
c) $40,001-$100,000
d) $100,001-$180,000
e) $180,001-$350,000
f) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
a) Charitable contribution deduction
b) Child tax credit
c) Earned income tax credit
d) Medical expense deduction
e) Mortgage deduction
f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
j) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
g) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
c) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
g) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
e) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program.
d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
a) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
b) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
d) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
e) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.
h) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
i) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
k) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
l) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
m) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
n) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
o) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
p) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
q) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
b) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
c) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
d) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
b) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
d) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
f) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
g) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
h) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
c) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
d) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
e) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
f) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
g) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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