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Sam Johnson's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (TX) - District 3, Republican
On The Ballot: Running, Republican for U.S. House - District 3
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Sam Johnson has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Sam Johnson is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We cannot allow this most fundamental value to erode. Human life begins at conception and should end in natural death." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628423/#.Va_KyXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "As an ardent pro-life Member of Congress, I stand firm in the fundamental belief that life begins at conception." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZFpSHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "We cannot allow this most fundamental value to erode. Human life begins at conception and should end in natural death." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628423/#.Va_KyXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "As an ardent pro-life Member of Congress, I stand firm in the fundamental belief that life begins at conception." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZFpSHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "We cannot allow this most fundamental value to erode. Human life begins at conception and should end in natural death." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628423/#.Va_KyXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "As an ardent pro-life Member of Congress, I stand firm in the fundamental belief that life begins at conception." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZFpSHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "We cannot allow this most fundamental value to erode. Human life begins at conception and should end in natural death." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628423/#.Va_KyXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "As an ardent pro-life Member of Congress, I stand firm in the fundamental belief that life begins at conception." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZFpSHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a pledge stating "I, Sam Johnson, pledge to the taxpayers of the 3rd district of the state of Texas and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://www.atr.org/current-list-taxpayer-protection-pledge-signers-a5597 (www.atr.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a pledge stating "I, Sam Johnson, pledge to the taxpayers of the 3rd district of the state of Texas and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://www.atr.org/current-list-taxpayer-protection-pledge-signers-a5597 (www.atr.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a pledge stating "I, Sam Johnson, pledge to the taxpayers of the 3rd district of the state of Texas and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://www.atr.org/current-list-taxpayer-protection-pledge-signers-a5597 (www.atr.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a pledge stating "I, Sam Johnson, pledge to the taxpayers of the 3rd district of the state of Texas and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://www.atr.org/current-list-taxpayer-protection-pledge-signers-a5597 (www.atr.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Mr. Speaker, contrary to what Obama likes to say in his speeches, too many Americans are still struggling. The last thing this country needs is more taxes, more spending, and more debt." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/951474/president-obamas-budget-proposal#.VZFur3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "As a fiscal conservative I'm proud to support this Republican budget that, unlike the President's proposal, will continue to cut federal spending and balance the budget - without raising taxes." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966525/house-passes-budget-that-balances-includes-sam-johnson-measure-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZFucXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Mr. Speaker, contrary to what Obama likes to say in his speeches, too many Americans are still struggling. The last thing this country needs is more taxes, more spending, and more debt." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/951474/president-obamas-budget-proposal#.VZFur3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "As a fiscal conservative I'm proud to support this Republican budget that, unlike the President's proposal, will continue to cut federal spending and balance the budget - without raising taxes." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966525/house-passes-budget-that-balances-includes-sam-johnson-measure-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZFucXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Mr. Speaker, contrary to what Obama likes to say in his speeches, too many Americans are still struggling. The last thing this country needs is more taxes, more spending, and more debt." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/951474/president-obamas-budget-proposal#.VZFur3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "As a fiscal conservative I'm proud to support this Republican budget that, unlike the President's proposal, will continue to cut federal spending and balance the budget - without raising taxes." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966525/house-passes-budget-that-balances-includes-sam-johnson-measure-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZFucXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Mr. Speaker, contrary to what Obama likes to say in his speeches, too many Americans are still struggling. The last thing this country needs is more taxes, more spending, and more debt." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/951474/president-obamas-budget-proposal#.VZFur3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "As a fiscal conservative I'm proud to support this Republican budget that, unlike the President's proposal, will continue to cut federal spending and balance the budget - without raising taxes." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966525/house-passes-budget-that-balances-includes-sam-johnson-measure-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZFucXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The President insists on higher taxes on small businesses and hard-working families as the answer to getting our fiscal house in order. This is outrageous." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/764396/johnson-responds-to-fiscal-cliff-negotiations#.VZFqY3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The President insists on higher taxes on small businesses and hard-working families as the answer to getting our fiscal house in order. This is outrageous." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/764396/johnson-responds-to-fiscal-cliff-negotiations#.VZFqY3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The President insists on higher taxes on small businesses and hard-working families as the answer to getting our fiscal house in order. This is outrageous." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/764396/johnson-responds-to-fiscal-cliff-negotiations#.VZFqY3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The President insists on higher taxes on small businesses and hard-working families as the answer to getting our fiscal house in order. This is outrageous." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/764396/johnson-responds-to-fiscal-cliff-negotiations#.VZFqY3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Instead of hitting up taxpayers for even more taxes, Washington needs to go after these billions of dollars. We must take action now to protect these precious taxpayer dollars." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/766310/congress-non-partisan-tax-scorekeeper-finds-congressman-johnsons-bill-saves-taxpayers-244-billion#.VZFqEnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am an adamant believer in parental control over education. The Constitution does not give the federal government authority to dictate over our schools." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/485451/issue-position-education#.VZFvUHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I am an adamant believer in parental control over education. The Constitution does not give the federal government authority to dictate over our schools." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/485451/issue-position-education#.VZFvUHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I am an adamant believer in parental control over education. The Constitution does not give the federal government authority to dictate over our schools." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/485451/issue-position-education#.VZFvUHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I am an adamant believer in parental control over education. The Constitution does not give the federal government authority to dictate over our schools." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/485451/issue-position-education#.VZFvUHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of S. 1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.Va_QQ3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "It's been over six years since the Keystone application was first submitted, and it's long past time for President Obama to approve this pro-jobs bill. Not only would its construction support approximately 42,100 much-needed jobs, but the State Department's latest and final environmental review (Jan. 31, 2014) reported it would pose little environmental risk." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966474/back-in-session-rep-sam-johnson-votes-for-keystone-anti-obamacare-bills/?search=xl#.VZFwUnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S. 1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.Va_QQ3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "It's been over six years since the Keystone application was first submitted, and it's long past time for President Obama to approve this pro-jobs bill. Not only would its construction support approximately 42,100 much-needed jobs, but the State Department's latest and final environmental review (Jan. 31, 2014) reported it would pose little environmental risk." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966474/back-in-session-rep-sam-johnson-votes-for-keystone-anti-obamacare-bills/?search=xl#.VZFwUnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S. 1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.Va_QQ3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "It's been over six years since the Keystone application was first submitted, and it's long past time for President Obama to approve this pro-jobs bill. Not only would its construction support approximately 42,100 much-needed jobs, but the State Department's latest and final environmental review (Jan. 31, 2014) reported it would pose little environmental risk." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966474/back-in-session-rep-sam-johnson-votes-for-keystone-anti-obamacare-bills/?search=xl#.VZFwUnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S. 1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.Va_QQ3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "It's been over six years since the Keystone application was first submitted, and it's long past time for President Obama to approve this pro-jobs bill. Not only would its construction support approximately 42,100 much-needed jobs, but the State Department's latest and final environmental review (Jan. 31, 2014) reported it would pose little environmental risk." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966474/back-in-session-rep-sam-johnson-votes-for-keystone-anti-obamacare-bills/?search=xl#.VZFwUnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I support the No More Excuses Energy Act that will reduce the price of gasoline by: 1) Expanding U.S. refinery capacity 2) Unlocking America's energy resources 3) Promoting the use of clean, alternative energy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374766/issue-position-energy-independence#.VZFwl3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I support an 'all of the above' plan. We need more energy at a lower cost on almost every front. We need to try it all and we need to try it now. U.S. oil and natural gas should be a part of our energy plans, and we must take steps to develop these resources in addition to alternatives such as nuclear, solar, wind, and geothermal power." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/889730/issue-position-energy-security#.Va_SO3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I support the No More Excuses Energy Act that will reduce the price of gasoline by: 1) Expanding U.S. refinery capacity 2) Unlocking America's energy resources 3) Promoting the use of clean, alternative energy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374766/issue-position-energy-independence#.VZFwl3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I support an 'all of the above' plan. We need more energy at a lower cost on almost every front. We need to try it all and we need to try it now. U.S. oil and natural gas should be a part of our energy plans, and we must take steps to develop these resources in addition to alternatives such as nuclear, solar, wind, and geothermal power." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/889730/issue-position-energy-security#.Va_SO3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I support the No More Excuses Energy Act that will reduce the price of gasoline by: 1) Expanding U.S. refinery capacity 2) Unlocking America's energy resources 3) Promoting the use of clean, alternative energy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374766/issue-position-energy-independence#.VZFwl3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I support an 'all of the above' plan. We need more energy at a lower cost on almost every front. We need to try it all and we need to try it now. U.S. oil and natural gas should be a part of our energy plans, and we must take steps to develop these resources in addition to alternatives such as nuclear, solar, wind, and geothermal power." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/889730/issue-position-energy-security#.Va_SO3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I support the No More Excuses Energy Act that will reduce the price of gasoline by: 1) Expanding U.S. refinery capacity 2) Unlocking America's energy resources 3) Promoting the use of clean, alternative energy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374766/issue-position-energy-independence#.VZFwl3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I support an 'all of the above' plan. We need more energy at a lower cost on almost every front. We need to try it all and we need to try it now. U.S. oil and natural gas should be a part of our energy plans, and we must take steps to develop these resources in addition to alternatives such as nuclear, solar, wind, and geothermal power." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/889730/issue-position-energy-security#.Va_SO3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "[...]We do not believe EPA should be setting a precedent to supersede a successful state program that has reduced emissions and improved the air quality. Given Texas' strong record of success [?] we urge EPA to reconsider the permitting action taken on May 25, 2010, and to refrain from any further actions to take over other operating permits in Texas." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/520789/letter-to-lisa-jackson-administrator-of-the-us-environmental-protection-agency-texas-strong-record-of-success-on-improved-air-quality#.VZFyDXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Later today it is expected that the House will vote on the Waxman-Markey climate change bill, H.R.2454, that would create a national energy tax; Johnson does not support the measure." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/437802/sam-johnson-advocates-clean-energy-and-job-creation-not-a-national-energy-tax/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdHmwViko (votesmart.org)
  • "[?] I voted against the 'Cap and Trade' national energy tax bill, H.R. 2454. This legislation, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009, would raise energy prices, kill over 2 million American jobs each year, and create countless new federal mandates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628146/issue-position-energy-solutions/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdmmwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "[...]We do not believe EPA should be setting a precedent to supersede a successful state program that has reduced emissions and improved the air quality. Given Texas' strong record of success [?] we urge EPA to reconsider the permitting action taken on May 25, 2010, and to refrain from any further actions to take over other operating permits in Texas." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/520789/letter-to-lisa-jackson-administrator-of-the-us-environmental-protection-agency-texas-strong-record-of-success-on-improved-air-quality#.VZFyDXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Later today it is expected that the House will vote on the Waxman-Markey climate change bill, H.R.2454, that would create a national energy tax; Johnson does not support the measure." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/437802/sam-johnson-advocates-clean-energy-and-job-creation-not-a-national-energy-tax/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdHmwViko (votesmart.org)
  • "[?] I voted against the 'Cap and Trade' national energy tax bill, H.R. 2454. This legislation, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009, would raise energy prices, kill over 2 million American jobs each year, and create countless new federal mandates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628146/issue-position-energy-solutions/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdmmwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "[...]We do not believe EPA should be setting a precedent to supersede a successful state program that has reduced emissions and improved the air quality. Given Texas' strong record of success [?] we urge EPA to reconsider the permitting action taken on May 25, 2010, and to refrain from any further actions to take over other operating permits in Texas." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/520789/letter-to-lisa-jackson-administrator-of-the-us-environmental-protection-agency-texas-strong-record-of-success-on-improved-air-quality#.VZFyDXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Later today it is expected that the House will vote on the Waxman-Markey climate change bill, H.R.2454, that would create a national energy tax; Johnson does not support the measure." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/437802/sam-johnson-advocates-clean-energy-and-job-creation-not-a-national-energy-tax/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdHmwViko (votesmart.org)
  • "[?] I voted against the 'Cap and Trade' national energy tax bill, H.R. 2454. This legislation, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009, would raise energy prices, kill over 2 million American jobs each year, and create countless new federal mandates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628146/issue-position-energy-solutions/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdmmwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "[...]We do not believe EPA should be setting a precedent to supersede a successful state program that has reduced emissions and improved the air quality. Given Texas' strong record of success [?] we urge EPA to reconsider the permitting action taken on May 25, 2010, and to refrain from any further actions to take over other operating permits in Texas." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/520789/letter-to-lisa-jackson-administrator-of-the-us-environmental-protection-agency-texas-strong-record-of-success-on-improved-air-quality#.VZFyDXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Later today it is expected that the House will vote on the Waxman-Markey climate change bill, H.R.2454, that would create a national energy tax; Johnson does not support the measure." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/437802/sam-johnson-advocates-clean-energy-and-job-creation-not-a-national-energy-tax/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdHmwViko (votesmart.org)
  • "[?] I voted against the 'Cap and Trade' national energy tax bill, H.R. 2454. This legislation, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009, would raise energy prices, kill over 2 million American jobs each year, and create countless new federal mandates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628146/issue-position-energy-solutions/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VlzdmmwViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "With an A rating from that National Rifle Association, I am a firm believer in our Right to Bear Arms and strongly believe that it is our responsibility to guard this personal freedom." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGi33UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The Second Amendment grants law-abiding Americans the right to keep and bear arms and I have constantly supported the Second Amendment throughout my time in office." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583042/issue-position-2nd-amendment#.Va_UknV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "With an A rating from that National Rifle Association, I am a firm believer in our Right to Bear Arms and strongly believe that it is our responsibility to guard this personal freedom." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGi33UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The Second Amendment grants law-abiding Americans the right to keep and bear arms and I have constantly supported the Second Amendment throughout my time in office." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583042/issue-position-2nd-amendment#.Va_UknV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "With an A rating from that National Rifle Association, I am a firm believer in our Right to Bear Arms and strongly believe that it is our responsibility to guard this personal freedom." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGi33UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The Second Amendment grants law-abiding Americans the right to keep and bear arms and I have constantly supported the Second Amendment throughout my time in office." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583042/issue-position-2nd-amendment#.Va_UknV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "With an A rating from that National Rifle Association, I am a firm believer in our Right to Bear Arms and strongly believe that it is our responsibility to guard this personal freedom." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGi33UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The Second Amendment grants law-abiding Americans the right to keep and bear arms and I have constantly supported the Second Amendment throughout my time in office." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583042/issue-position-2nd-amendment#.Va_UknV3k1M (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R. 596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care At and Health Care-Relate Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51284#.Va_Vt3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "Americans need health care solutions that actually work for them. As millions of Americans are discovering Obamacare is the wrong answer and it always has been." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966501/sam-johnson-votes-to-fully-repeal-obamacare#.VZGk03UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care At and Health Care-Relate Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51284#.Va_Vt3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "Americans need health care solutions that actually work for them. As millions of Americans are discovering Obamacare is the wrong answer and it always has been." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966501/sam-johnson-votes-to-fully-repeal-obamacare#.VZGk03UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care At and Health Care-Relate Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51284#.Va_Vt3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "Americans need health care solutions that actually work for them. As millions of Americans are discovering Obamacare is the wrong answer and it always has been." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966501/sam-johnson-votes-to-fully-repeal-obamacare#.VZGk03UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care At and Health Care-Relate Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51284#.Va_Vt3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "Americans need health care solutions that actually work for them. As millions of Americans are discovering Obamacare is the wrong answer and it always has been." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966501/sam-johnson-votes-to-fully-repeal-obamacare#.VZGk03UVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I will not support granting instant American citizenship to illegal immigrants -- sometimes called "amnesty." This is an affront to all of the folks who have followed the rules and waited in line to become citizens of America legally. The concept of blanket amnesty is an outrage." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583048/#.Va_WinV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I also oppose rewarding illegal immigrants who have broken American laws by offering blanket amnesty and believe we should make English the official language of this nation." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374770/issue-position-illegal-immigration#.VZGmR3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I will not support granting instant American citizenship to illegal immigrants -- sometimes called "amnesty." This is an affront to all of the folks who have followed the rules and waited in line to become citizens of America legally. The concept of blanket amnesty is an outrage." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583048/#.Va_WinV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I also oppose rewarding illegal immigrants who have broken American laws by offering blanket amnesty and believe we should make English the official language of this nation." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374770/issue-position-illegal-immigration#.VZGmR3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I will not support granting instant American citizenship to illegal immigrants -- sometimes called "amnesty." This is an affront to all of the folks who have followed the rules and waited in line to become citizens of America legally. The concept of blanket amnesty is an outrage." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583048/#.Va_WinV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I also oppose rewarding illegal immigrants who have broken American laws by offering blanket amnesty and believe we should make English the official language of this nation." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374770/issue-position-illegal-immigration#.VZGmR3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I will not support granting instant American citizenship to illegal immigrants -- sometimes called "amnesty." This is an affront to all of the folks who have followed the rules and waited in line to become citizens of America legally. The concept of blanket amnesty is an outrage." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583048/#.Va_WinV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I also oppose rewarding illegal immigrants who have broken American laws by offering blanket amnesty and believe we should make English the official language of this nation." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374770/issue-position-illegal-immigration#.VZGmR3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 0% by the Human Rights Campaign http://votesmart.org/interest-group/1256/rating/7220 (votesmart.org)
  • "I believe that marriage is a sacred union between one man and one woman." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGm2XUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by the Human Rights Campaign http://votesmart.org/interest-group/1256/rating/7220 (votesmart.org)
  • "I believe that marriage is a sacred union between one man and one woman." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGm2XUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by the Human Rights Campaign http://votesmart.org/interest-group/1256/rating/7220 (votesmart.org)
  • "I believe that marriage is a sacred union between one man and one woman." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGm2XUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by the Human Rights Campaign http://votesmart.org/interest-group/1256/rating/7220 (votesmart.org)
  • "I believe that marriage is a sacred union between one man and one woman." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/374771/issue-position-conservative-values#.VZGm2XUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We need to stop talking about exit strategies and troop withdrawal and focus on giving our troops the resources they want, need, and deserve. Let's eliminate the rules and fight to win." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/472682/new-afghanistan-policy#.Va_YDHV3k1N (votesmart.org)
  • "We must win the war against terrorism, wherever it takes us. Thankfully, the troop Surge in Iraq produced dramatically positive results and our men and women are returning home. Hopefully, by sending more troops to Afghanistan we can quell the Taliban and Al Qaeda once and for all." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583050/issue-position-national-security#.Va_YqXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to stop talking about exit strategies and troop withdrawal and focus on giving our troops the resources they want, need, and deserve. Let's eliminate the rules and fight to win." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/472682/new-afghanistan-policy#.Va_YDHV3k1N (votesmart.org)
  • "We must win the war against terrorism, wherever it takes us. Thankfully, the troop Surge in Iraq produced dramatically positive results and our men and women are returning home. Hopefully, by sending more troops to Afghanistan we can quell the Taliban and Al Qaeda once and for all." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583050/issue-position-national-security#.Va_YqXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to stop talking about exit strategies and troop withdrawal and focus on giving our troops the resources they want, need, and deserve. Let's eliminate the rules and fight to win." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/472682/new-afghanistan-policy#.Va_YDHV3k1N (votesmart.org)
  • "We must win the war against terrorism, wherever it takes us. Thankfully, the troop Surge in Iraq produced dramatically positive results and our men and women are returning home. Hopefully, by sending more troops to Afghanistan we can quell the Taliban and Al Qaeda once and for all." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583050/issue-position-national-security#.Va_YqXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to stop talking about exit strategies and troop withdrawal and focus on giving our troops the resources they want, need, and deserve. Let's eliminate the rules and fight to win." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/472682/new-afghanistan-policy#.Va_YDHV3k1N (votesmart.org)
  • "We must win the war against terrorism, wherever it takes us. Thankfully, the troop Surge in Iraq produced dramatically positive results and our men and women are returning home. Hopefully, by sending more troops to Afghanistan we can quell the Taliban and Al Qaeda once and for all." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/583050/issue-position-national-security#.Va_YqXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Unfortunately, the President and Democrats support raiding the Social Security retirement program to bail out the disability program. This is worse than kicking the can down the road - it will actually make the retirement program worse off, and it does nothing to fix the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966468/house-passes-johnson-measure-to-protect-social-security#.VZGobXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Social Security's disability program is projected to be unable to pay full benefits in 2016. Earlier this year the House passed a measure offered by Johnson as part of its rules package. The measure would encourage Congress to work to fix Social Security by preventing Congress from raiding the retirement program to bail out the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966509/sam-johnson-introduces-bill-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZGpcHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Unfortunately, the President and Democrats support raiding the Social Security retirement program to bail out the disability program. This is worse than kicking the can down the road - it will actually make the retirement program worse off, and it does nothing to fix the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966468/house-passes-johnson-measure-to-protect-social-security#.VZGobXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Social Security's disability program is projected to be unable to pay full benefits in 2016. Earlier this year the House passed a measure offered by Johnson as part of its rules package. The measure would encourage Congress to work to fix Social Security by preventing Congress from raiding the retirement program to bail out the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966509/sam-johnson-introduces-bill-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZGpcHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Unfortunately, the President and Democrats support raiding the Social Security retirement program to bail out the disability program. This is worse than kicking the can down the road - it will actually make the retirement program worse off, and it does nothing to fix the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966468/house-passes-johnson-measure-to-protect-social-security#.VZGobXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Social Security's disability program is projected to be unable to pay full benefits in 2016. Earlier this year the House passed a measure offered by Johnson as part of its rules package. The measure would encourage Congress to work to fix Social Security by preventing Congress from raiding the retirement program to bail out the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966509/sam-johnson-introduces-bill-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZGpcHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Unfortunately, the President and Democrats support raiding the Social Security retirement program to bail out the disability program. This is worse than kicking the can down the road - it will actually make the retirement program worse off, and it does nothing to fix the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966468/house-passes-johnson-measure-to-protect-social-security#.VZGobXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Social Security's disability program is projected to be unable to pay full benefits in 2016. Earlier this year the House passed a measure offered by Johnson as part of its rules package. The measure would encourage Congress to work to fix Social Security by preventing Congress from raiding the retirement program to bail out the disability program." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966509/sam-johnson-introduces-bill-to-protect-taxpayer-dollars#.VZGpcHUVhHw (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Texas Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
Xa) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
Xg) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Slightly Increased) Education
Maintain Statuse) Environment
Maintain Statusf) FEMA
Slightly Increaseg) Homeland security
Slightly Decreaseh) International aid
Slightly Increasei) Law enforcement (Federal)
Slightly Increasej) Law enforcement (State)
Slightly Increasek) Medical research
Slightly Decreasel) National parks
Maintain Statusm) Public health services
Slightly Increasen) Scientific research
Slightly Increaseo) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increasep) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Eliminateq) United Nations
Slightly Decreaser) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
2) Defense Spending
Slightly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Slightly Increasec) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Slightly Increasee) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Less than $12,000
Maintain Statusb) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decreasec) $40,001-$100,000
Maintain Statusd) $100,001-$180,000
Maintain Statuse) $180,001-$350,000
Maintain Statusf) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contribution deduction
Maintain Statusb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Maintain Statusf) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
Xh) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
Xi) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
Xj) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xf) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xg) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
Xi) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
Xk) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
Xc) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
Xf) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xf) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xi) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
Xa) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
Greatly Decreasec) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Greatly Decreased) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
Xb) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
Xa) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program.
Xd) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
Xf) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
Xc) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
Xd) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Nob) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
d) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Yese) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

The Surge has produced dramatic results - for the good. Things have improved markedly in Iraq and our armed forces are making great strides. I'm hopeful that our servicemen and women will return home safely and soon - when the time is right. The number of American troops in Iraq is on the decline. The Iraqi army, with the Americans, recently began a new big drive against al-Qaeda insurgent groups in Diyala province. But this progress is delicate. The wave of change in Iraq must come from within and it must stem from its people and its leaders.

Yesh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
i) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Yesk) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Yesl) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Yesm) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yesn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Noo) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Nop) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles

We need to do whatever it takes to squash al-Qaeda and the Taliban once and for all - in Afghanistan and Pakistan. This means working with both nations. We must bolster the burgeoning army in Afghanistan, the ANA, the Afghan National Army. It's been reported that about every week a fresh 650-men battalion finishes training and heads out on patrol. They're making great inroads in conjunction with America. My goal is to make them more self-sufficient in their quest to retake their country from terrorists roaming their lands.

International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Yesa) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Yesb) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yesc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yesd) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yese) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Nof) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Yesg) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Yesh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Noa) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Yesb) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Nod) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
Noe) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Nof) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Nog) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

I support federally funded research on embryonic stem cell lines that existed before 2001. I support the President's current policy but do not believe we should expand it in any way.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
Xd) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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