Senator Sherrod C. Brown's Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: Sherrod C. Brown
Current Office: U.S. Senate - Sr, Democratic
First Elected: 11/07/2006
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2018
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Connie; 4 Children
Birth Date: 11/09/1952
Birth Place: Mansfield, OH
Home City: Avon, OH
Religion: Lutheran
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Sherrod Brown refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Did Not Vote on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Sherrod Brown a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 3896. 110th Congress. Prohibiting the Funds in S 1200 from Being Used for Abortions. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 02/26/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Did Not Vote on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sherrod Brown voted Did Not Vote on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 4204. 112th Congress. Requiring Afghanistan Troop Redeployment Plan and Timetable. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 05/27/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of Peace Action West 86 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Peace Action 86 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 4818. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 05/22/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Not a Priority" for: "Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus. a) Defense"
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to the Honorable Daniel Inouye, Chairman Senate Appropriations Committee and the Honorable Thad Cochran, Ranking Member. 12 May 2009. "Since the C-17 entered the Air Force inventory in 1993, it has proven to be an indispensable asset with an impressive record in supporting combat, humanitarian, and support missions around the world. Its ability to carry large payloads long distances and land on remote airfields has made it an ideal platform in counterinsurgency and humanitarian operations, which are missions commonly associated with irregular warfare. This would appear to make the C-17 highly compatible with Secretary Gates' efforts to rebalance the defense budget to account for the demands of irregular warfare while maintaining America's preeminence in dealing with conventional threats." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to the Honorable John McHugh, Secretary of the Army. 7 June 2012. "We cannot afford to leave the fate of a uniquely skilled U.S. industrial base to the whims and economies of other nations. I ask for your continued support for additional U.S. funding to ensure the viability of the U.S. tank industrial base. I look forward to continuing our work together." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to the Honorable John McHugh, Secretary of the Army. 7 June 2012. "Keeping the Abrams modernization and production program going is critical for our national security and military readiness," said Brown. "Relying on foreign military sales is a risky proposition that leaves our industrial base vulnerable to the demands of foreign countries. Ensuring adequate funding for the production of at least 70 tanks per year is fiscally responsible, keeps the local economy in Lima strong, and helps bolster our national security." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sens. Brown, Gillibrand To Defense Department: Maintain Civilian Workforce Before Awarding More Costly Private Contracts. 25 April 2012. "As the Defense Department seeks to reduce costs, it must recognize that the use of private contractors can be more expensive than using direct employees," Brown said. "The Defense Department must make its sourcing decisions on what is best for our nation and our military, even if that means lifting the arbitrary cap on civilian employee numbers." (www.brown.senate.gov)
  • Sherrod Brown. Brown: Maintain Funding for Joint Strike Fighter as Intended by Congress. 24 March 2011. "Following the issuing of a stop-work order for the Joint Strike Fighter (F-35) competitive engine program, U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) demanded that the Obama Administration fulfill the Administration's statutory obligation to continue funding the program as directed in the recently passed stopgap appropriations bill. 'The Pentagon may be on the other side of the Potomac River, but it's not on an island. It has to follow the law like everybody else. And it cannot thumb its nose at Congress and decide whether it will or will not obligate spending that has been signed into law by the President. That's not just my opinion, that's the view of the Office of Management and Budget. Arbitrarily eliminating funds for the Joint Strike Fighter not only wastes billions of taxpayer dollars but it threatens our national security. Last week, Congress voted to maintain funding levels for this critical program. I will continue to fight for this vital program to save taxpayer dollars and hundreds of Ohio jobs.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 2206. 110th Congress. Emergency Departmental Supplemental Appropriations Bill of 2007. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 05/24/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 01/22/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. letter to the Honorable Leon Panetta, Secretary of Defense. 27 June 2012. "I am writing to reiterate my concerns regarding the Air Force's proposed elimination of the C-27J program and the recent announcement that, despite the successful work, the C-27J was being retired from the Afghan Theatre. The Department of Defense (DoD) claims that operation and maintenance (O&M) costs for the C-27J are too high to maintain. DoD makes this claim based on its own numbers using assumptions that the program has been terminated. This accounting formula naturally, and falsely, raises the O&M costs of the existing fleet. In addition, the alleged cost savings come from contracting out to private companies the airlift work the C-27J previously performed. Nowhere has DoD shown that contracting costs are less than using the C-27J. Furthermore, the Department has not shown that private contractors are equal to the task of our men and women in uniform. Eliminating C-27Js could also have unintended consequences regarding the safety and effectiveness of our deployed servicemembers, while simultaneously increasing the costs of transporting troops and delivering supplies to remote areas all around the globe." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to The Honorable Barack Obama, President of the United States. 6 January 2011. "I'm willing to work with Secretary Gates and the President to cut wasteful defense spending, but cutting the budget on the backs of Ohio's workers is unacceptable," Brown continued. "I urge the President to prevent this attack on our military and Ohio, and I will work with my Senate colleagues to make sure our Armed Forces and our industrial base remain strong." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Middle-Class Tax Relief. 15 April 2010. "We hear my colleagues on the other side of the aisle talk about tax cuts as if they invented them, but we don't hear them tell the truth about tax cuts because their idea of tax cuts is overwhelming tax benefits to the wealthiest people in our society--not doing what President Obama and the House and Senate did last year and this year: providing those tax breaks and tax cuts and tax relief directly to the large middle-class and working class in this country. Middle-class taxpayers, as a result, can collect on more than a dozen Recovery Act tax benefits this season. While the Recovery Act is putting Americans back to work rebuilding America, it is also honoring the dignity of work through the Making Work Pay tax credit. On average, Ohioans received $496 through the Making Work Pay tax credit, $496 in people's pockets. Middle-class tax relief helps make college more affordable through the American Opportunity Credit, tax savings for up to $2,500 to pay college expenses. More homes can be energy efficient and less costly through energy efficiency and renewable energy incentives. Energy-efficient windows and doors and heating and cooling systems reduce utility bills, while increasing the value of the most important asset for many Americans--their home. The first-time home buyer tax credit has made the dream of home ownership a reality, helped create jobs, stabilized home prices, and rebuilt communities across the Nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 3 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. The Economy. 10 December 2010. "Nine or 10 years ago, Senator Sanders and the Presiding Officer, when he was a Member of the House, Senator Udall from Colorado, and I and others voted against the Bush tax cuts of 2001 and 2003, principally because those tax cuts overwhelmingly went to the wealthy and ended up adding to our national debt. We had a surplus then. We sure don't now. We had the largest surplus we ever had in 2001. It blew a hole in that. But we passed those tax cuts under the belief, those who supported it--President Bush and Senator McConnell and so many others--under the belief that that kind of trickle-down economics would grow our economy. In the 8 years--and this is not partisan, this is not opinion, this is fact--from January 1, 2001, to January 1, 2009, President Bush's 8 years, we actually had private sector job loss in this country. Contrast that with a different economic policy--January 1, 1993, to January 1, 2001, the Clinton 8 years. Again, this isn't partisan, this isn't opinion, this is fact. During the Clinton 8 years, we had 21 million private sector jobs created--21 million private sector jobs created--and literally zero private sector jobs in the Bush 8 years of trickle-down economics." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown on Vote Opening Debate of Tax Compromise Package. 13 December 2010. "Republican Senators have held middle tax cuts and unemployment insurance hostage to extort bonus tax cuts for millionaires and billionaires. The package is far too generous to the wealthiest two percent of Americans, particularly when you consider that Republican Senators blocked a cost-of-living increase for seniors on Social Security and thwarted efforts to spur economic growth in the Midwest through clean energy production. But it does provide critical relief to working Americans through the middle class tax cuts and the child care and earned income tax credits. As we continue to debate this legislation, we should keep our focus on unemployed workers and middle class Ohioans. People's lives should not be used in a cynical political calculation. My top priority is ensuring that middle class households get tax relief and unemployed Ohioans can continue to pay their bills and provide for their families while they look for work." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown on Republican Votes to Block Tax Relief for Middle Class Families. 4 December 2010. "Middle class families in Ohio are struggling to get by. They need tax relief now. But today, Senate Republicans held them hostage so that millionaires and billionaires could get an even bigger share of the pie. Senate Republicans voted in lockstep against tax cuts for all Americans. They would prefer to blow a $700 billion hole in the budget to give extra tax cuts to the wealthiest two percent. At a time of record deficits, they propose borrowing another $700 billion from China and passing along the tab to our grandchildren. Senate Republicans say that the problem with Washington is that we don't listen to the public. When it comes to tax cuts, what Americans want is clear: tax relief for middle class families, but no additional giveaways to millionaires and billionaires who are doing just fine. Giving irresponsible $100,000 tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires who don't need it is bad economic policy and it is bad fiscal policy. It led to budget-busting deficits over the last decade with slow economic growth, and the vote today was more of the same." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Statement on House Budget Request. 5 April 2011. "This proposal may be a "path to prosperity' for millionaires, but it's a dead end for working families, American seniors, and Ohio college students. The Republican budget would privatize Medicare to give extra tax cuts to the wealthiest two percent of Americans and tax breaks to big corporations and Big Oil. After promising to listen to the American people, the House Majority has instead ignored them. The best way to reduce our deficit is to get people working again. There are 15 million Americans who would be delighted to pay taxes rather than collect unemployment insurance." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Middle-Class Tax Relief. 15 April 2010. "So under the Bush tax policies, wealthier people were particularly happy, but the middle class was left out. Under Obama tax policies, wealthier people might not be quite so happy, but the broad middle class will have more than $1,000 extra in their pockets as a result of this middle-class tax relief. It is a critical part of the economic recovery." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. MSNBC "The Ed Show" - Transcript. 27 January 2010. "A year ago, 700,000 people lost their jobs the month he was sworn in. The banks in this country were about to implode, sending us into a depression if he hadn't acted. In the auto industry, which is so important to my state, but so important to every community in this country, frankly, auto dealers, component suppliers, manufacturers, all that, the auto industry was teetering, too. And he righted that ship with, again, no Republican help. And I want to comment on something that Congressman Clyburn said. The problem is that the Republicans, yes, they want to work with us, but they want to do it their way. And frankly, we tried their way. For eight years, we tried their way and it simply didn"t work. And their answer to all these problems, more deregulation, more tax cut for the rich. So, if we did it bipartisanly, they only want to work with us if we do it that way. And that is so discredited. So, I want them to work with us. But not one of them in the House and only three in the Senate--and one of them switched parties-- Republicans, voted for the stimulus package. They wanted more tax cuts back then even though we compromised and gave them some of that. They clearly just believe in this sort of George Bush economics that doesn"t work for our country. It sure as hell didn"t work for my state." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Extending Tax Cuts For the Rich Doesn't Make Sense with the Large Deficit. 11 December 2010. "Passing problems along to the next generation isn't leadership; it's cowardice. By extending Bush era tax cuts to multi-millionaires, we're agreeing to borrow an additional $700 billion from China and handing the tab to our children and grandchildren. And you can be sure that Republicans will come back in 2011 with newfound fiscal discipline and say we must stop investing as much in our children and grandchildren and parents because of the hole they are digging deeper this year. Talking tough about decreasing the deficit and then giving $100,000 tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires who don't need it is bad economic policy and bad fiscal policy. It wasn't in the best interest of Ohioans a decade ago and it is not in the best interest of middle class families or the American economy today." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Brown Sounds Off on Tax Proposal. 7 December 2010. "Brown told CNN Chief National Correspondent John King, 'In essence it borrows 700 billion dollars from China, charges it, puts it on our children and grandchildren's credit cards and gives it to the wealthiest two percent tax payers.' The senator expressed frustration over the details of the deal, which extends tax cuts for two years, saying 'People say Washington doesn't listen enough. It's clear what the public was saying is 'Keep the tax cut going for the middle class.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown signed a Letter to Barack Obama, President of the United States of America. 14 May 2011. "We are writing to commend you for your opposition to turning Medicare into a voucher system as proposed in the House Republican's FY2012 budget. Since the enactment of Medicare in 1965, America's seniors have no longer lived in fear of losing affordable, comprehensive health insurance when they retire. Unfortunately, some in Congress want to dismantle Medicare in order to help offset the costs of tax cuts for the very wealthiest in our country." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to Chairman Hensarling and Chairwoman Murray, Co-Chairs of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 8 November 2011. "As you work to craft a comprehensive deficit reduction plan, we believe you should incorporate reasonable spending cuts and ask the wealthiest Americans and most profitable corporations to pay their fair share. However, we understand through media reports and talking to our colleagues that revenue options remain the largest challenge in your negotiations to obtain significant deficit reduction. We believe we have a viable revenue option that deserves serious consideration. S. 1787 / H.R. 3313, the Wall Street Trading and Speculators Tax Act, is forecasted by the Joint Committee on Taxation to raise $353 billion over ten years, and $218 billion in years 6-10." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. MSNBC "The Ed Show" - Transcript. 31 October 2010. "SCHULTZ: Senator, how important is it for Governor Strictland to win from the standpoint that we have seen Republican governors, in fact, one of them here in Minnesota, that has put the breaks on the stimulus package and getting the money out to where it has to go to have a real impact on the economy? Ohio, a crucial state when it comes to the presidential in 2012 as it has been every year, how important is it to have a governor that's going to be working with the Obama folks who were trying to jump-start the economy in an area that has been hit - hit hard in your state of Ohio? BROWN: Yes. Put the politics aside and just talk substances, as you're suggesting. The recovery act has meant tens and thousands of jobs. I could take you on a tour from Lawrence Town to Mansfield, the Circleville, to Dayton, to Cleveland, to Toledo, places I've been and seen the results of investing in the auto industry, of the recovery act, of the 48C energy tax credit of the SPA loans, all of those things that have happened. And if Strictland loses, if John Casick wins, you're going to see major cuts in education and healthcare spending. We know that. You're also going to see - from what he's saying now, very little cooperation on - on building the partnerships between government and businesses. This isn't government spending money to create jobs directly. It's mostly government and business cooperating to create jobs and business, invest a whole lot more than the government tax credits are worth - SCHULTZ: Yes. BROWN: -- to stimulate the economy and create job. It's pretty simple." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. MSNBC "The Rachel Maddow Show" - Transcript. 14 July 2010. "All of a sudden now, we have to pay for unemployment benefits for working people who have been in the job market for 20 or 30 years, working. They lose their jobs. They've paid into this. Republicans seem to think, republican senators, 41 of them vote no on unemployment time after time after time. They seem to think that unemployment is welfare. It's insurance. You pay in when you're working, you get help when you're not. And for them to say, we don't pay for tax cuts for the richest Americans, just add that to our grandchildren's balance sheet. Let them pay that, put that on their credit card, yet say you can't do unemployment compensation unless you pay for it. I saw a guy tonight who used to work for Bob Dole and he was incredulous that republicans today won't bipartisanly extend unemployment benefits. We've always done it. It's countercyclical, meaning when the economy is bad, you want to the prime the pump, as you point out on the show, Rachel, that that's good economics. Every dollar you put into unemployment benefits creates a $1.60 in economic activity. So forget the humanitarian cost, the humanitarian issue. It's good economics to provide unemployment extension to people who are working hard and lost their jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. MSNBC "The Rachel Maddow Show" - Transcript. 3 August 2009. "MADDOW: Am I right that 'cash for clunkers' is working as intended? BROWN: Yes, not quite. It's actually working better than intended. This town is full of ideology and sort of this knee-jerk reaction generally from the far-right that, well, if this is a government program, by definition, it can't work. And this, as you pointed out so well in each of those three or four points, has clearly worked every bit as well or better than expected. It works for jobs. It works for creating demand. It works for the environment. It works to put people back to work. It's the best - it's in some sense, it's the best stimulus that we've seen. The money goes out in people's pockets. It's spent. It's back into the community exactly what we want to create demand in the auto industry." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. The News-Herald - Brown Urges for Jobless Benefits to be Extended. 20 July 2010. "Roughly a quarter of the unemployed have been jobless for more than a year. In this context, more than 2 million unemployed workers have already lost their unemployment insurance benefits because of the failure to renew the program that provides extended benefits to the long-term unemployed. This is unfortunate because providing unemployment benefits during a recession fulfills two important national needs: assisting those most hurt by the recession and generating jobs in the midst of a deep downturn." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Unemployment Benefits. 13 July 2010. "It is an economic equation, to be sure, that extending unemployment benefits is the best thing for our economy. It is also a human equation, for all the problems people face in our country of not being able to simply provide for their families [...] They are not going to be rich. It is not so much money that they will think: I don't want to bother going to work. I don't want to keep looking for a job. They have to keep looking for a job. It is the right thing to do morally. It is the right thing to do because of the values we hold dear in this country. It is the right thing to do for economic reasons. As Senator McCain's chief economic adviser in his Presidential race said: Nothing stimulates the economy more than putting this money into the community in Ravenna or Mansfield or Warren or Findlay and getting this generation of economic activity which will help to create more jobs and help to get us out of this recession." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Unemployment Insurance. 20 July 2010. "We don't call it unemployment welfare, we call it unemployment insurance. That means they pay in when they are working, and they get help when they are not. That is done to help individual people, of course. It matters to the community because the dollars they get in their pockets, the $300, $320, roughly, that people get a week on average in unemployment insurance are spending it at the local drugstore. They are spending it at a local grocery store. They are buying clothes for their kids. They are paying rent, paying utilities. They serve as an economic stimulus. It is not just helping those individuals, it is an economic stimulus, as Senator McCain's top aide and his top economic adviser in his Presidential campaign said. This is the best kind of stimulus for the economy. Put a dollar in somebody's pocket for unemployment insurance and they spend it, and it is spent over and over in the community." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Stimulus Package. 11 February 2009. "Let me talk about the stimulus. The Senate, yesterday, took a major step toward revitalizing this stumbling economy. We passed legislation that would create jobs in construction, engineering, green energy, social work, health care, the retail sector, the service sector, and the manufacturing sector -- preserving those jobs now and building jobs in the future. These are jobs that stimulate consumer spending, which stimulates economic activity, economic activity that fuels growth and gets us out of recession. When you build a bridge, you put money in the pockets of sheet metal workers and operating engineers and laborers and carpenters and electricians." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 10/01/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 3301. 112th Congress. Ending the Troubled Asset Relief Program. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 01/21/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Sherrod Brown a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 73 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. MSNBC "The Ed Show" - Transcript. 20 July 2010. "I've introduced legislation on putting money into local governments so they don't have to lay off police and fire fighters and mental health counselors and librarians and all that. And that will do the same kind of stimulus to the economy, getting people back to work, that will create more demand so that private sector wants to, instead of husbanding their cash reserves as they have been doing, so that they will invest it in job creation because they will have more demand for their products." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. 23 March 2010. "This bill, starting tomorrow -- the President signed it today -- will help by offering small businesses tax credits so employers can offer coverage to their employees. This is the first major impact this bill will have. This bill will take a while because we want to implement it correctly and quickly enough to help people but not so quickly that we will make significant mistakes. The first thing this bill does is provide tax incentives to small businesses, such as Diane's, so they can actually write good insurance policies for themselves if they are self-employed and for themselves if they have a business, and with their employees." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. FOX Toledo News - NW Ohio Ready for Stimulus. 13 February 2009. "When I'm in Wood County, in Lucas County, you can't help thinking that we're going to be the Silicon Valley of alternative energy. We've worked for these tax incentives for several years, these tax incentives for green energy are really going to help create new industry, new jobs, more jobs in this new industry especially in Northwest Ohio." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Investing in Ohio's Small Businesses. 12 July 2011. "Under the recently enacted Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act (HIRE) Act, there are two new tax benefits available to employers who hire unemployed or part-time workers. Employers may qualify for a 6.2 percent payroll tax incentive if they hire an unemployed worker in the period between February 3, 2010 and January 1, 2011. Additionally, businesses can claim a general tax credit of up to $1,000 for each worker retained for at least a year. The HIRE Act also extends a provision from the Recovery Act that allows small businesses to deduct up to $250,000 of the cost of qualifying property in the year it is purchased, rather than waiting to recover their costs through depreciation deductions over a number of years. This incentive assists small businesses that purchase equipment by cutting their tax bill." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. PBS "NewsHour" - Transcript. 21 December 2009. "I don't like some of the deals that were made. I don't like the deal that was made on abortion. I think that that compromises a woman's right to choose. I think that -- I don't like that the -- that the public option is no longer in or the Medicare buy-in. And I don't like some of the other things. But, overall, this bill makes a big difference. It strengthens Medicare. It provides tax incentives to small business, so they can begin to cover their employees. Most small businesses want to do that." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Praises Agreement that Would Advance the Construction of the World's Fifth Largest Solar Farm in Ohio. 10 May 2010. "Solar energy has the potential to bring a host of benefits to southeastern Ohio, including hundreds of new manufacturing jobs and clean energy for hundreds of thousands of rural Ohioans. Today's announcement shows how Ohio is poised to lead the nation in clean energy. I will work with Governor Strickland and developers of this project to secure every possible source of federal tax incentives and financing to make this solar farm a reality. Ohio deserves no less." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. The President's Economic Policy. 22 June 2004. "Since President Bush took office, one out of six manufacturing jobs has disappeared from my State. President Bush will be the first President since Herbert Hoover to have a net loss of jobs during his time in office. Ohio has lost 190 jobs every single day of the Bush administration. His answer is always the same: more tax breaks for large corporations and the wealthiest people in the country which might, he thinks, trickle down to create jobs, and more trade agreements like NAFTA which all serve only to ship jobs overseas. Mr. Speaker, instead of this disastrous Bush economic policy, we need to change directions, extend unemployment benefits, and give tax incentives to those corporations that do business in the United States rather than using U.S. taxpayer subsidies to reward those companies that go overseas and ship jobs overseas and outsource our middle-class jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. With Extenders Bill Awaiting Senate Vote, Sen. Brown Discusses Critical Tax Credits for Small Businesses Across Ohio. 16 July 2010. "We know that small business lending is critical to our economic recovery. Yet, the small business owners I meet all share the common concern that banks are not lending. We need to close loopholes that give tax breaks to corporations that ship jobs overseas. And we need to extend critical tax incentives that help small business expand and hire new workers. Our economy will not fully recover until every Ohioan looking for work can find a job. That's why the American Jobs Act is so important." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S 3816. 112th Congress. Tax Law Amendments. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 09/28/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Sherrod Brown. Brown: Tax Package Should Help Manufacturers Create Jobs, Transition to Clean Energy Economy. 13 December 2010. "If the tax package is going to promote investments in clean energy, it shouldn't leave out the industrial Midwest. The Advanced Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit (48C) program was a hugely successful initiative that has helped seven Ohio firms and dozens of others nationwide expand operations and add new jobs. Any package passed by the Senate should include tax incentives to help manufacturers create jobs and transition to a clean energy economy. The 48C program is a proven job-creator that's good for the environment and good for the economy." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Statement on President's Budget Request. 1 February 2010. "Funds for Student Achievement: The budget includes $1.9 billion for Ohio to develop better teachers and classrooms to meet 21st century challenges -- part of a record level of funding for the nation's schools to foster educational excellence, improve student achievement, and reward successful outcomes to prepare our nation's children for global competitiveness. Expansion of the President's Race to the Top challenge: Ohio schools are already eligible for up to $400 million of performance-based grants and have applied for the Race to the Top Challenge." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Brown Applauds Ohio's Status as Finalist for 'Race to the Top' Funds. 27 July 2010. "Teachers, parents, and students in school districts across Ohio already know what the U.S. Department of Education acknowledged today -- that our state's education system is on the rise. Thanks to the leadership of Governor Strickland, Ohio is well-positioned to compete successfully in the final round of the competition for Race to the Top funding. Ohio took a strong application and made it even stronger by expanding the participation of school districts and detailing a clear path for reducing persistent achievement gaps. The Race to the Top funding is critical not only for ensuring better schools for today's young minds, but for future generations of Ohioans to come." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Brown: Race to the Top Funds a "Mark of Confidence" in Ohio Teachers and Schools. 24 August 2010. "By including Ohio in the Race to the Top program, the U.S. Department of Education is providing a mark of confidence to the hardworking teachers, school administrators, and parents who work day in and day out to make Ohio schools some of the best in the country. These critical Recovery Act funds will not only improve our education system for today's students, but lay the groundwork to provide a world-class education to future Ohioans. I applaud Governor Strickland and his administration-in addition to Superintendent Deb Delisle and the State Board of Education-for putting together a strong application for the program and working tirelessly to improve our state's schools." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Education. "Five years ago, Congress made a promise to teach every child in America with The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Enacted in 2001, it was designed to add important accountability provisions to Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and required states to set clear timelines for improving student achievement. Unfortunately, the necessary resources have yet to be allocated to ensure NCLB's success. The 2008 budget proposed by the President would under fund the No Child Left Behind Act by $14.8 billion. This would create a cumulative shortfall of $70.9 billion since NCLB was enacted into law." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Education. 12 July 2011. "The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) was enacted with great fanfare nine years ago. NCLB added new accountability provisions to our education laws and required states to set timelines for improving student achievement. Unfortunately, the necessary resources were not allocated to fulfill NCLB's requirements. With funds made available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, we have taken bold action to reverse the shortfall in resources. We also need to improve the law. Since coming to the Senate, I have worked for meaningful reform of NCLB to ensure that student progress, school improvements, and teacher quality and effectiveness are measured with fairness and flexibility, and that resources are directed to where they are needed most. I will continue to fight for full funding of NCLB and for every child in America who deserves a quality education." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Discusses Jobs, Housing, and Education with African American Clergy Leaders in Toledo. 20 October 2010. "' In Sep. 2009, Brown wrote to Secretary Donovan in support of Ohio applicants to the second wave of funding through the NSP program. Attendees discussed ways to improve education. In August, Ohio was one of ten states to receive Race to the Top Funding from the U.S. Department of Education. Ohio was awarded $400 million which will be distributed over the next four years. Brown wrote a letter of support to US. Dept. of Education Secretary Arne Duncan to help turn around persistently low-achieving schools. In July, Brown, along with Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT), introduced legislation to promote student achievement. The DIPLOMA Act responds to research by arming local leaders to identify and address the barriers students face so they can meet rigorous standards in the classroom and reach their full potential." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Praises Ohio Schools' Passage into Next Round of the "Race To The Top". 4 March 2010. "The Race to the Top program provides incentives for good schools to become great, and Ohio should have an important role to play in the program. This year Ohio earned its highest rating ever from Education Week, and we will not stop improving our public education system. Our future economic development will be built on the accomplishments of our students, and we owe them the education they need to succeed." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. S 953. 112th Congress. Offshore Production and Safety Act. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 05/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Facebook Wall. 17 June 2010. "Sherrod: I want BP to meet all of its obligations, including getting its act together for drilling." (www.facebook.com)
  • Sherrod Brown. As Senate Takes Up Legislation That Would Hold Big Oil Accountable and Create Jobs in Ohio, Sen. Brown Outlines Key Provisions. 28 July 2010. "As the Senate takes up critical legislation that would hold Big Oil accountable and create jobs in Ohio, Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) highlighted key provisions of the bill on a news conference call today. The Clean Energy Jobs and Oil Accountability Act, introduced in the Senate yesterday, would ensure that BP pays the full costs of damages [¦] 'It's about holding big oil companies accountable for the damage they wreak on our environment and our economy. And by holding Big Oil accountable, this bill will also boost Ohio manufacturers who produce energy efficient products and the electric vehicles of tomorrow,' Brown said [...] The legislation would ensure that BP, not taxpayers, pay for the damage caused by the Deepwater Horizon spill on the Gulf Coast. The provision calls for oil companies to invest in technologies that help to prevent and respond to domestic oil spills and require that structural reforms be made to the Department of Ocean Energy (known previously as the Minerals Management Service) to address mismanagement and historical corruption issues." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Statement on Pres. Obama's Address on BP Oil Spill. 15 June 2010. "The tragic spill in the Gulf Coast is the result of BP's corporate recklessness and years of deregulation. President Obama made it clear tonight that the federal government will take unprecedented steps to clean-up the spill, hold BP accountable, and ensure that a tragedy of this magnitude does not occur again. When he meets with BP Chief Executive Tony Hayward, President Obama must ensure that BP commits to establishing a special account -- administered by an independent trustee -- that will be used to pay economic damages and clean-up costs [¦] After eight years of two oil men in the White House, we need to end the cozy relationship between the oil industry and the regulators who are supposed to monitor it. We must also invest in comprehensive clean energy legislation to break our dependence from foreign oil and replace it with clean energy technology manufactured in Ohio and across the country." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Sherrod Brown Announces Support for Bill to Prevent a "Big Oil Bailout". 6 May 2010. "U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) announced his support for new legislation today that would ensure that Big Oil polluters, not taxpayers or small businesses, pay for oil spills. Brown cosponsored the Big Oil Bailout Prevention Liability Act which was introduced [¦] 'The tragic spill off the Gulf Coast will affect the environment and local residents and businesses, but it should not affect taxpayers,' Brown said. 'This bill would ensure that those responsible for the accident pay for the cleanup.' Although British Petroleum (BP) has stated that it will be paying for all the direct costs and damages associated with the Deepwater Horizon spill, current law places a cap on liability for damages. This cap means that BP will not have to pay more than $75 million for damages such as lost business revenues from fishing or tourism, natural resources damages, or lost tax revenues of state and local governments." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Op-Ed - Time for Congress to Act on Energy. 28 July 2010. "Though Ohio is hundreds of miles from the Gulf coastline, our state has the opportunity to help prevent another catastrophic oil spill. Ohio has made tremendous strides in the field of clean energy technologies -- and this important industry has the ability to help shake our country's unhealthy and dangerous addiction to petroleum. Congress should not only be crafting legislation to better regulate offshore drilling, but working to provide strong incentives to the emerging clean energy industry to continue critical research and development." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of Environment America 71 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Do we lift the ban on offshore drilling? 11 July 2008. "Pressure from voters for Congress to do something about rising oil prices has a growing number of Senate Democrats acknowledging that they would consider lifting a ban on new offshore drilling. Ohio Sen. Sherrod Brown, who had adamantly opposed such drilling, is among those warming to the idea. He says any exploration would have to be far from the coast and that the oil produced would be used in the United States, not abroad." (www.dispatch.com)
  • Sherrod Brown. Protecting Our Government From Corporate Influence. 23 June 2010. "The damage from the corporate takeover of the Minerals Management Service has been catastrophic. But while we work to stop the current catastrophe unfolding in the Gulf, we must also take all necessary measures to prevent future similar catastrophes. One way to do this is to never again let agencies of the government of the United States of America fall so far under the influence of the corporations they are supposed to regulate." (www.huffingtonpost.com)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Brown Says News Report Emphasizes Need to Pass Clean Energy Bill That Invests in Manufacturing. 1 October 2009. "We need to maintain a level playing field for American manufacturing. For a clean energy bill to be successful, it must also be a jobs bill. Done right, efforts to reduce carbon emissions can revitalize our nation's manufacturing base to create new clean energy jobs. But that means a bill that invests in the economic competiveness of domestic manufacturing and prevents jobs from moving to countries with weaker environmental standards." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Sherrod Brown. MSNBC Interview - Transcript. 25 March 2009. "MS. BREWER: You bring up the green energy thing. I wanted to ask you about that and I mentioned to viewers before we were listening to the vice president that clean energy, the president says, is one of his priorities. He does not want to see that touched. Part of that involves this cap and trade system that would put limits on greenhouse gas emissions. How would that affect your state? You've said you've lost manufacturing jobs. Would you lose more with that kind of a cap on emissions? SEN. BROWN: Depends on how we do cap and trade. We're going to do it in a way and I spoke to the president personally in Columbus about it when he was in my state a couple of weeks ago and he reiterated last night with cap and trade, there has to be -- we have to take into account regional differences, my state, 85 percent of the electricity in Ohio has a dozen -- my part of the country mostly comes from coal. So those kinds of regional allowances have to be figured in and we've got to make sure there are not sharp spikes either in individuals' electric bills or in manufacturing and what that could do to potential job loss. So we need and that means and, obviously, this global warming, this whole issue of climate change, we need to deal with the Chinese and Indians and what they're doing on climate change in their countries so we don't put ourselves in an additional disadvantage if you will on manufacturing." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown to President Obama: Reconsider Approach to Greenhouse Gas Regulation. 28 February 2011. "Industries that drive Ohio's and our nation's economy -- manufacturers, farmers, electric power generators -- need assurances that greenhouse gas reductions will be crafted to enhance our nation's competitiveness by not impeding business and job growth. A comprehensive strategy of investments and well-defined incentives can drive innovation and encourage long-term investments necessary for manufacturers and industry. Through this collaborative approach, we can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, save consumers money, and address our dependence on foreign oil." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama, President of the United States of America. 3 December 2009. "As you prepare for negotiations in Copenhagen to address the daunting challenges of global climate change, we want to call to your attention principles we believe would be constructive in advancing an international agreement to reduce dangerous greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change is a serious and growing threat to the United States and the world. The consequences of climate change are already being felt at home and will intensify in the years ahead in ways that place the U.S. economy and future generations at risk. Internationally, the adverse impacts of climate change will threaten vital U.S. national security, economic, energy security and humanitarian interests. Smart climate change policies would guard against these risks while also spurring clean energy investments that promote economic growth and create good domestic jobs. Importantly, however, poorly designed climate policies could also jeopardize U.S. national interests by imposing burdens on U.S. consumers, companies and workers without solving the climate challenge. The United States cannot stop climate change alone--success depends on marshaling an effective global response. Engaging developing nations will be especially important as they represent half of global emissions today and are expected to account for nearly all of the growth in future emissions." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to the Honorable Barack H. Obama, President of the United States. 28 February 2011. "A comprehensive strategy of investments and well-defined incentives can drive innovation and encourage long-term investments much needed by manufacturers and industry. A model for this common sense approach is the negotiated settlement on greenhouse gas emissions and fuel economy standards reached when your administration worked collaboratively with auto manufacturers, states, and environmental advocates. It makes sense to explore similar opportunities with other industries. I believe that through collaborative approaches like these, we can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, save consumers money, and address our dependence on foreign oil. In that context, I strongly urge you to reevaluate the expected impact of subjecting industry to greenhouse gas permitting regulations and consider changes that will both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote continued economic growth." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Energy. "Since the industrial age, the United States - the world's largest economy - has relied largely on foreign oil and domestic coal as the chief energy source. To free ourselves from dependency on foreign oil, and to address the global climate change crisis, we must build a system where our energy is home grown, readily available, clean, and affordable. On June 21, 2007, the Senate passed H.R. 6, the Renewable Fuels, Consumer Protection, and Energy Efficiency Act of 2007. This was a long overdue step in the right direction. The bill would set aggressive targets to reduce our consumption of oil, expand renewable fuel standards, and invest in alternative energy research and development." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to The Honorable George W. Bush, President of the United States. 12 December 2007. "Representatives of 190 nations, including the United States, are meeting now in Bali, Indonesia, to discuss the critical issue of global warming and to plan for further progress under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. At these negotiations, the United States has a historic opportunity to regain its position as a world leader and to develop a clear roadmap for fighting global warming. In spite of the tremendous urgency for worldwide action, negotiators for the United States are opposing key science-based provisions which would chart a path forward for immediate action. In particular, U.S. negotiators are opposing any language that would establish the need for action within the next 10-15 years, and which would provide an appropriate range of emission reductions targets for developed countries. The clear implication is that the United States will refuse to agree to any language putting the United States on an established path toward scientifically-based emission limits. U.S. negotiators are also opposing any reference to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's conclusions on the emission reductions needed to avoid dangerous global warming. The IPCC, which shared a Nobel Peace Prize for its comprehensive and scientifically-based assessment of global warming, was supported by the U.S. and relies on the work of key U.S. government scientists. We write to express our strong disagreement with these positions and to urge you to direct the U.S. negotiating team to work together with other countries to complete a roadmap with a clear objective sufficient to combat global warming. The United States must adopt negotiating positions at the Bali Conference of the Parties that are designed to propel further progress -- not fuel additional delay. The world at large is watching the United States closely at this historic moment. As the Bali negotiations come to a close, nothing less than strong leadership from the United States will do." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Protecting our Natural Resources. "Experts from across the globe and throughout the United States have come to consensus: Global climate change is real. It is our most pressing environmental issue today, and without action, we put at risk the health of our families, the well-being of our coastal areas, the productivity of our farms, forests, and fisheries, and our homeland security. Climate change cannot be overcome by any one nation; the United States must return to international negotiations to limit greenhouse gas emissions. With active leadership, we can ensure that the costs and benefits of stopping global warming are shared by developed and developing nations alike. It is in our nation's best interest to confront global warming, not only to protect our planet, but to break free from dependence on foreign sources of energy. For far too long, energy policy in the United States has been written by global oil companies with their profits in mind. As a result, gas prices are soaring and global warming continues unchecked. It's a ticket to disaster. Ohio can be a leader in the fight to reduce consumption of foreign oil and decrease our carbon emissions if we invest in clean energy development. We can bolster our economy and stimulate our manufacturing industry by developing and utilizing clean energy sources. Ohio's skilled workers should be building the solar panels, the fuel cells, and the wind turbines that go into the production of alternative energy." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Climate Change. 12 July 2011. "Experts from across the globe and throughout the United States have come to consensus: Global climate change is real. It is our most pressing environmental issue today, and without action, we put at risk the health of our families, the well-being of our coastal areas, the productivity of our farms, forests, and fisheries, and our homeland security. Climate change cannot be overcome by any one nation; the United States must return to international negotiations to limit greenhouse gas emissions. With active leadership, we can ensure that the costs and benefits of stopping global warming are shared by developed and developing nations alike." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. League of Conservation Voters endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S J Res 26. 112th Congress. Statement of Opposition to EPA Greenhouse Gas Rule. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 06/10/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of Environment America 71 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sherrod Brown in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Climate Change. 21 May 2008. "The mandatory cap-and-trade approach to climate change will create a market for clean energy and green jobs. By creating markets for clean energy, we can stabilize our Nation's energy supply, reduce greenhouse gases, and bolster manufacturing in Lima, Zaynesville, Toledo, and Ashtabula. It has been estimated that in terms of a global market, the advanced and alternative energy sector will double several times over in the next decade, from a $55 billion industry to a $226 billion business." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Sherrod Brown. Looking for Lessons in Senseless Killing. 10 January 2011. "We passed an assault weapon ban some years ago. It expired. The law expired and it wasn't renewed, because of opposition in Congress [...] I don't imagine that a Republican Congress with a Republican House of Representatives will pass anything that would in anyway restrict gun ownership even though it would be narrowly constructed, as you say, similiar to the assault weapon ban." (www.sherrodbrown.com)
  • Paul Kane. The Washington Post: After Colorado shooting, Democrats reluctant to talk gun control. 24 July 2012. "'I don't expect anything to happen,' Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio), who backed gun-control efforts while in the House, said Tuesday. He still supports reinstating the assault weapons ban, which lapsed in 2004 without a forceful effort to maintain it, but said there is no hope on the issue." (www.washingtonpost.com)
  • Sherrod Brown. District of Columbia House Voting Rights Act of 2009. 26 February 2009. "Finally, to comment on the second amendment rights, the Supreme Court, in a historic ruling, has found that second amendment rights apply to the individual, and that applies to individuals across the country, that applies to individuals in the District of Columbia. I think those should be continued and guaranteed and supported by this body as well. I think it would be appropriate for us to support that and support that in this legislation." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 1067. 111th Congress. Allowing Loaded Guns in National Parks. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 05/12/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 1618. 111th Congress. Authorizing Concealed Firearms Across State Lines. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 07/22/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 93 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 4070. 110th Congress. Prohibiting Funds in the Bill S 1200 from Being Used to Decrease Gun Ownership. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 02/25/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Sherrod Brown a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care. Other or expanded principles: "Support efforts to bring down U.S. prescription drug prices, including the commerical importation of lower priced medicines from Canada. Oppose privatization of Medicare. "
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Praises Next Move by State to Provide Health Coverage to Ohioans with Pre-Existing Conditions. 25 June 2010. "Ohioans who have been denied coverage due to pre-existing conditions will soon have an affordable insurance option administered by a not-for-profit Ohio company. I applaud the state of Ohio for taking the steps necessary to ensure that Ohio-based Medical Mutual will soon be able to offer affordable insurance options to Ohioans who have been victims of our broken health insurance system. Pre-existing condition denials plague every income group, every racial or ethnic group, and every age group. That's why enacting health reform was so critical. This new insurance option will provide thousands of Ohioans with access to affordable health coverage." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Announces New Medicare Benefits for Seniors Thanks to New Health Reform Law. 4 January 2011. "I have heard from so many Ohio seniors struggling with rising health care and prescription drug costs -- seniors who are cutting pills in half, or skipping doses altogether, because prices are simply unaffordable. Ohio seniors shouldn't have to worry about how they're going to afford doctor visits on top of prescription drug costs -- and now their health care costs will go down thanks to this new law. But if the incoming House Republican majority has their way, they'll take that all back. They want to enact a 'clean repeal' of health care reform and bring back the Medicare 'donut hole.' I hope these new representatives will put their constituents before health insurance companies." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Health Care. 12 July 2011. "I support legislation that would cut health care costs, protect consumer choice, and ensure all Americans access to quality affordable coverage. Health care reform is about protecting what works and fixing what's broken. It's about giving you choices in the health care you want. Our health care system is broken if private insurance companies dictate which doctors your children can see or which health services you're able to access and afford. I'm committed to reforming our health care system to increase the insurance options available to Americans. On March 23, 2010, President Barack Obama signed into law comprehensive health reform legislation, the 'Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.' This new law will lower costs and strengthen coverage for middle-class families with insurance, while providing help to the more than 30 million Americans who lack it." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Health Care. 26 January 2011. "This whole attitude of let's repeal the health care bill and then get the government out of it, and letting individuals take care of themselves is the American way -- no, it is not. The American way is Medicare, is Medicaid, is Social Security, is private enterprise, is individualism, is helping one another, is a spirit of community in our communities. It is all that, and it is not get government out of our lives. They are against Social Security and they are against Medicare. Those are not the American values I was raised with and most people I know were raised with." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. MSNBC "The Ed Show" - Transcript. 17 December 2010. "What I'm concerned about and sort of the other part of that, Ed, is that the Republicans, the John Boehners of the world, their focus in the next month or two is going to be in this health care bill [¦] trying to repeal all of this stuff from -- and, you know, instead of focusing on jobs. And the president's focus is on jobs. Democrats' focus is on jobs. That's where we"re going. Who knows what the Republicans are going to do? But that doesn"t matter. We've got to keep our eye on that, as you suggested." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Health Care Reform. 30 November 2010. "My only question is, I guess I am waiting for the first Republican elected official -- whether he is an attorney general in Ohio or elsewhere or whether he is a Congressman or she is a Congressman or a Senator -- I am waiting for the first one who says: I want to repeal this plan. Take away these consumer protections; I want to repeal this plan and take away health insurance for people who are in high risk pools who are getting insurance now and people down the road who are going to get covered with health insurance, the 50 million Americans who do not have it and the tens of millions of Americans who are underinsured. I want to hear one of those elected officials, who is saying repeal the health care plan, say they are not going to take their government health insurance. I cannot believe the number of elected officials, mostly Republicans, who have been the beneficiaries of government-sponsored health insurance -- taxpayer-financed health insurance for 10 years, 20 years, 30 years -- who are saying: No, I want to repeal health insurance for millions of Americans who are about to receive it. Some of them are already getting it; all of them getting better consumer protections. They will keep their plan, paid for by taxpayers. They want to deny it to others. I am waiting for one of my colleagues -- and Republicans around the State and around the country who are calling for this health care law to be repealed -- to step up and say: Oh, I am not going to take government insurance either. I am still waiting for that day." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Health Care Reform. 24 September 2010. "There are Republicans all over this country -- not many voters, I don't think -- who are talking about repealing the health care law. So what they are going to do is kick the 23-year-old off their parents' insurance. Now they are going to take away these tax breaks for small businesses to insure their employees. They are going to reinstate the doughnut hole. They are going to put more costs back on senior citizens, who finally are getting some help with their drug costs. I don't get it. They are going to bring back preexisting conditions. They are going to say it is OK again to deny somebody coverage for a preexisting condition. I don't think the public is going to buy that. I don't think this institution will vote that way. It is important to recognize from where we have come. Most of all, it is important to think about individual human beings we have met who are affected so positively by this law. They are going to be able to get insurance. They are not going to be denied coverage if they have a preexisting condition. Businesses will be able to help their employees by covering them for insurance. Senior citizens are going to get significant help for their drug costs. What is not to like about that? That is why it is important that we stand firm as we mark this 6-month beginning of these changes that will make our health care system work better, be more responsive to people, and, most importantly, take care of individual Americans better than ever before." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Brown Marks Six Month Anniversary of Health Care Reform. 23 September 2010. "Starting today, health care companies can no longer impose lifetime limits on coverage, exclude children with pre-existing conditions from plans, or arbitrarily drop consumers from coverage. Six months ago, the President signed a law that was written to allow Americans to take control of their health care choices. These reforms deliver fairness in a system that was for many years was designed to benefit insurers, not patients." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. As House Republicans Plan Vote, Sen. Brown, Sec.Sebelius Discuss Affect of Health Reform Repeal. 19 January 2011. "Today, in its first major legislative act of the new Congress, the Republican-controlled House of Representatives will take a vote to repeal our nation's health reform law. Given the numerous ways this bill helps Main Street Americans whose coverage may be here today and gone tomorrow--not members of Congress who have had taxpayer-sponsored health care for years--a vote to repeal the bill is remarkably simplistic. With one fell swoop, House Republicans would increase health care costs for seniors, students, Americans with pre-existing conditions -- and the list goes on. There has been a lot of talk about 'repealing and replacing' health reform, but we should all be clear: there's no 'replace' here. The only thing Republicans have proposed is 'repeal' -- a return to the status quo when insurance companies were in charge and Ohioans were left to fend for themselves." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Repealing the Federal Health Care Law. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 02/02/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Sherrod Brown. Small Business Jobs and Tax Relief Act Motion to Proceed Continued. 10 July 2012. "Mr. President, I so appreciate the leadership of Senator Durbin on the DREAM Act. Nobody has kept the DREAM Act alive more than he, and nobody has spoken more passionately or cares more about young people. The point of so much of what he is talking about is giving people an opportunity. If they work hard and play by the rules, they can get ahead in this country. While I do not come to the floor today to talk about immigration and the DREAM Act, I support what Senator Durbin is doing." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Immigration. 12 July 2011. "In addition to addressing the forces that are compelling illegal immigration, we must take action to bring illegal immigrants out of the shadows. While I do not support amnesty and have serious concerns about guest worker programs, I do believe our nation should consider establishing a process by which illegal immigrants can eventually earn citizenship. The solution to our immigration problem will not be a simple one, as many things in our country need to be fixed to stop illegal immigration. It is time to take a common sense approach to immigration reform." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 4231. 110th Congress. Immigration Enforcement and Border Fence Amendment. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 03/13/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. S Amdt 3117. 110th Congress. Border Fence and Customs Appropriations. Sherrod Brown voted Yea on 10/03/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Sherrod Brown voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "h) Bush, do you know the answer to this?"
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "h) Bush, do you know the answer to this?"
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. 13 Senators Team Up to Assure LGBT Youth that "It Gets Better". 29 June 2011. "Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people deserve to work, worship, and study in a safe environment," Senator Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) said. "We've made incredible strides in four decades -- from the Stonewall Uprising to marriage equality in New York -- but we must continue to move closer to fulfilling the promise of equality for all. This is our moment to make it better." (votesmart.org)
  • Ignazio Messina. Toledo Blade: GOP, Dems dodge same-sex marriage. 11 May 2012. "'The President's announcement is a positive step forward and one that was long overdue,' Mr. Brown wrote. 'It was significant not only in historic terms, but also because I believe it will give strength and support to the millions of [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transsexual] Americans that face discrimination, ostracism, and even intimidation as a result of their sexual orientation.' It said Americans 'in committed and loving relationships, regardless of their sexual orientation' should be able to marry. Senator Brown voted against the Defense of Marriage Act in 1996 while he was serving in the House of Representatives." (www.toledoblade.com)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 0 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Sherrod Brown voted Did Not Vote on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 90 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown signed the Freedom to Marry: Democrats Say I Do Pledge. "The Democratic Party supports the full inclusion of all families in the life of our nation, with equal respect, responsibility, and protection under the law, including the freedom to marry. Government has no business putting barriers in the path of people seeking to care for their family members, particularly in challenging economic times. We support the Respect for Marriage Act and the overturning of the federal so-called "Defense of Marriage Act," and oppose discriminatory constitutional amendments and other attempts to deny the freedom to marry to loving and committed same-sex couples." (www.freedomtomarry.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to President Obama. 7 March 2012. "It is time to bring our troops home from Afghanistan. The United States intervened in Afghanistan to destroy al Qaeda's safe haven, remove the Taliban government that sheltered al Qaeda, and pursue those who planned the September 11th attacks on the United States. Thanks to the exceptional service and sacrifice made by the American Armed Forces and our allies, those objectives have largely been met. We should continue to confront America's enemies wherever they are through targeted counterterrorism operations and end the large scale counterinsurgency effort in Afghanistan." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Letter to Baroness Catherine Ashton, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Vice President of the European Commission, European Union. 19 September 2012. "We believe the evidence and dangers posed by Hezbollah and Iran to all European citizens are serious enough to designate Hezbollah a terrorist organization. A terrorist designation from the EU would not only subject Hezbollah to further sanctions, but would also send a message to Hezbollah that Europe and the United States will not tolerate its dangerous and violent tactics [¦] The recent attack in Bulgaria serves as another tragic reminder of the enormous challenge we face in combating terrorism. We extend our deepest sympathies to the families of the victims, including the Bulgarian bus driver and five Israeli tourists. As this incident is investigated, the United States and the EU must demonstrate our common commitment to opposing terrorism wherever it emerges." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Defense Authorization Act For Fiscal Year 2008--Continued. 17 July 2007. "Lives are at stake. Our homeland security is at stake. Global security is at stake. Last week, we learned that al-Qaida is at pre-9/11 strength. That is frightening news. Of course, it is a cause for outrage because it did not have to be that way. We also learned last week that the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan is fostering the next generation of al-Qaida at an alarming rate. What kind of signal exactly do the President and his supporters think we send by failing to secure the region where we know al-Qaida lives and trains and plans with -- according to military analysts -- relative freedom, the same region that served as the breeding ground for global terrorism through al-Qaida before 9/11, the same region we now know that al-Qaida trained in before the deadliest attack on our Nation's soil, the same region where Osama bin Laden, the mastermind behind 9/11, not Iraq, Osama bin Laden, the same region where he is believed to be hiding, free to plot the next attack on our beloved homeland?" (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Sherrod Brown. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Ohio Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Sherrod Brown. The Economy. 17 September 2008. "Perhaps most troubling of all, Republicans are still, unbelievably enough, pushing for the privatization of Social Security. Can my colleagues imagine -- Senator Sanders and I were talking about this a moment ago -- if 3 years ago, when George Bush, DICK CHENEY, and John McCain were fighting to privatize Social Security, and people in this institution, including Leader Reid and Senator Sanders, when he was in the House of Representatives, and many of us fought against that privatization of Social Security--can my colleagues imagine if that had passed in early 2005? If the President and Senator McCain had had their way on the privatization of Social Security, can my colleagues imagine what this week would look like? Can my colleagues imagine, if 50 million retired Americans had had their entire life savings locked up in the stock market--can my colleagues imagine 50 million Americans opening their Social Security records, their mailing they get from Social Security and looking at what happened to their private accounts; money they had put in the stock market because George Bush and John McCain insisted on this risky scheme to privatize Social Security? Can my colleagues imagine what that would do to seniors in our society? Can my colleagues imagine what that would do to their future--if you are 65 and already on Social Security, if you are 50 and your mother is on Social Security, if you are about to join the ranks of Social Security? Can my colleagues imagine what one would think with food prices going up, with gas prices going up and all of a sudden, because you have these John McCain-George Bush privatized Social Security accounts, can my colleagues imagine what would be happening to their lives this week and the weeks ahead?" (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown: With Threat of Privatization Greater than Ever, We Must Protect Social Security from the Chopping Block. 27 January 2011. "With Republican efforts to privatize Medicare on the way and talk of ratcheting back Social Security, it's more important than ever to protect the two key pillars of our nation's retirement system. Social Security will without a doubt be next on the chopping block. Americans know that Social Security is an independent program carefully designed not to affect the federal budget. When will Republican lawmakers come up to speed? It's a successful program that's critical to nearly two million Ohioans. It must be protected rather than targeted. Proposals like raising the retirement age even further may sound okay to conservative Washington politicians in a House hearing room, but they're a non-starter for Ohioans who work on their feet. And privatizing Social Security -- or Medicare -- is unacceptable." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Sen. Brown Commemorates the 75th Anniversary of Social Security. 13 August 2010. "The passage of Social Security 75 years ago was a crucial step in building America's middle class. Social Security has been critical to reducing the financial uncertainty that can accompany aging, unemployment, and illness - uncertainty that doesn't just affect individuals, but also their families. Seventy-five years later, Social Security continues to live up to the goals set by President Roosevelt. In 2008 alone, more than 50 million Americans depended on their social security benefits. It is estimated that nearly half of all Americans over the age of 65 would live in poverty if it weren't for these modest benefits. Social Security enables millions of elderly to live with dignity and independence. While Social Security will remain solvent for the next thirty years, we must continue to work on long-term fixes that ensure that all future generations have access to this critical retirement program. I'm grateful that we thwarted Republican attempts to privatize Social Security in 2005 - particularly in light of the near collapse of our financial system due to Wall Street recklessness. Social Security has provided a vital safety net for millions of Americans. It ensures that if you work hard and play by the rules, you can retire without fear of impoverishment." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Recognizing and Honoring the 15th Anniversary of the Signing of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. 29 July 2005. "I believe the federal government should take a leadership role in advocating on behalf of disabled Americans. Social Security's disability insurance program is one important aspect of that leadership role. Here in Ohio and nationwide, Americans seeking Social Security disability benefits wait more than 3 years on average for final decisions on their appeals. In some cases, they are losing their family car, their savings, and even their homes -- while they wait for their government to act. I support responsible proposals to reform the disability appeals processing system. I have urged congressional appropriators to provide appropriate funding to help the Social Security Administration reduce the appeals backlog and reduce the wait for disabled Americans. Disabled Americans have a huge stake in the fight to strengthen Social Security's solvency. Plans to privatize Social Security put the income security of American workers at risk -- especially workers whose careers are cut short by a disabling illness or injury. With more than 230,000 Ohioans currently receiving Social Security disability benefits, there is too much at stake to play games with Social Security's future." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Press Release - After 6 Years of Bush and DeWine, Ohioans are Worse Off. 25 September 2006. "Senator DeWine voted to give billions in taxpayer subsidies to oil and drug companies, corporations that outsource jobs, and billions in tax breaks to the richest one percent while abandoning Ohio's middle class. Next year the president's agenda includes social security privatization, more tax breaks for the wealthiest Americans, and to stay-the-course in Iraq. He won't be able to get that done without buying Senator DeWine another term, and that's why he's in Ohio, again. Senator DeWine admitted that Ohio families can expect more of the same from him, which must be music to the president's ears. Ohio's middle class families don't want more of the same. It is time for a new leadership in the United States Senate, and a new direction for Ohio." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Issue Position: Social Security. "While it is critical that we work to better the system now, we must also keep in mind Social Security's long-term fiscal challenges. President Bush and others suggested the creation of individual accounts to transfer funds from the Trust Fund to the stock market, thus privatizing the system. This approach is a dangerous proposition, putting millions of workers' savings at risk. The wild drops in the stock market and the failures of our regulatory agencies demonstrate how bad an idea the Bush privatization would have been. Social Security is one of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's greatest legacies. To ensure that hard-working Ohioans can continue to rely on a financially secure retirement, the Social Security program will have to adapt to our nation's changing economy and changing demographics. I will continue to support reforms to strengthen Social Security without losing sight of its mission to provide well-deserved security to our senior citizens in their retirement." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Fiscal Responsibility. 18 September 2008. "The real reason I came to the floor, though, was to talk about what has occurred this week, what has happened on Wall Street. I am fairly incredulous that some in this body would still be saying we have too much regulation. It is pretty clear the cowboys on Wall Street and the deregulation of the Bush era -- the Bush years -- have led us to these problems. Not that this leads us to a Great Depression. I don't believe that. But it has led us back to some of the same kinds of unparalleled zealous greed on Wall Street which we haven't seen since the 1930s. But what concerns me is that I remember 3 years ago, in early 2005, George Bush, Dick Cheney, and John McCain barnstormed the United States and campaigned all over the country for Social Security privatization. They worshipped at the mantle of how important it would be to have these private accounts; that if only people on Social Security invested in the stock market, think how much better off they would be. That was in 2005. Imagine if Bush and Cheney and McCain, and others around here, had succeeded in that endeavor. Imagine what people would be doing today if we had privatized Social Security. When people opened their statements -- if they had private accounts -- imagine what they would be feeling today with what has happened in the stock markets." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. Economic Policy. 24 September 2008. "Imagine what would have happened if we had gone along and if the country hadn't said no to this Bush-Cheney-McCain privatization scheme: Americans now would find that these private accounts weren't quite what they were billed to be. They were, in fact, as risky as many of us said. Because of the promises of: Let's put our private accounts -- let's put our hard-earned Social Security dollars in New York; let's have Wall Street manage our private Social Security accounts -- we all know what would have happened with the vicissitudes and the volatility of the stock market." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown. ABC "This Week With George Stephanopoulous" - Transcript. 5 October 2008. "Look, I've done about more 100 roundtables in Ohio in most of the 88 counties in the last year and a half, and people are talking about the privatization of Social Security, people are talking about trade, what trade has done to Ohio, 200,000 lost manufacturing jobs in the last eight years. People want to go and talk about issues and they want to see the difference between the two candidates, and I think that's why polls in Ohio are showing increased support for Barack Obama because voters are paying attention to the difference on John McCain wanting to privatize Social Security, want to continue these job killing trade agreements, wants to privatize healthcare the same way that he supported the deregulation of the banking system and all these major issues are such a sharp contrast between John McCain, who wants to continue the policies we've seen in the last eight years, and Barack Obama, who has very different ideas of a very different direction." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Sherrod Brown supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Sherrod Brown signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xh) Other or expanded principles

Abortions should be legal when performed by a licensed physician after a pregnant woman is made aware of all her options.

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Budget Priorities

a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
d) Education
e) Environment
f) Homeland security
g) International aid
h) Law enforcement
i) Medical research
j) National parks
k) Public health services
l) Scientific research
m) Space exploration programs
n) Transportation and highway infrastructure
o) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Budget needs are too specific to be defined by these six categories.

Defense Spending

a) Armed Forces personnel training
b) Intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
e) National missile defense
f) Pay for active duty personnel
g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
h) Research and development of new weapons
i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

see above

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Taxes

Income Taxes:

Family Income

a) Less than $25,000
b) $25,000-$75,000
c) $75,000-$150,000
d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

increase taxes on people earning over $1 million.

Retiree Income

f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories

Reduce taxes for low income seniors

Other Taxes:

a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Increase corporate and capital gains tax.

Deductions/Credits:

a) Charitable contributions
b) Child tax credit
c) Earned income tax credit
d) Medical expense deduction
e) Mortgage deduction
f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories

Increase child tax credit for low income families and EITC.

No4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
Yes7) Other or expanded principles

Opose Bush plan, which excludes low income couples from marriage penalty relief.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Yesi) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
Nok) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
Yesl) Other or expanded principles

h) Bush, do you know the answer to this?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
j) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xk) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xl) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

Xa) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xc) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
Xd) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
Xf) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xg) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xj) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xl) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

Xa) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
Xh) Require a license for gun possession.
Xi) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xg) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
i) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xj) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xk) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xm) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
Xn) Other or expanded principles

Support efforts to bring down U.S. prescription drug prices, including the commerical importation of lower priced medicines from Canada. Oppose privatization of Medicare.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
e) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.

a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Undecided3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
b) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Noc) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
Xd) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

1) We must ensure every American access to basic health coverage. Funding for this effort can be obtained by securing reasonable prices for prescription drugs, identifying and utilizing only the most cost-effective health services and supplies, and achieving system-wide administrative efficiencies.

2) We must overhaul U.S. trade policy to promote U.S. values, including the fair treatment of workers, environmental security, and sustained economic progress here and abroad. Trade policy should not export US jobs and import lower labor and environmental standards; it should advance the economic well-being of the US and its trading partners.