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Nita Lowey's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (NY) - District 17, Democratic
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic, Working Families, Women's Equality for U.S. House - District 17
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Nita Lowey is currently being tested through the 2016 Political Courage Test.
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Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100 by NARAL Pro-choice America http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/26982/nita-lowey#.V0cLNHUrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “Nita Lowey believes that the difficult decision to end a pregnancy should be made by women with their families, not dictated by the government.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/371735/issue-position-making-quality-health-care-affordable/?search=tax%20cuts#.V0cM73UrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “It's unbelievable that, in 2014, we still have to fight to ensure that health care decisions are made between a woman and her doctor.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/897448/lowey-co-sponsors-bill-to-reverse-supreme-courts-hobby-lobby-decision#.V0cK-XUrIfI (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Nita Lowey has been a strong, consistent supporter of tax cuts for working and middle class families. Nita cosponsored legislation to provide millions of additional families with a child tax credit and also introduced legislation to eliminate the estate tax for 99.6% of estate holders. And Nita voted to reform the Alternative Minimum Tax, so that millions of taxpayers will not be hit unfairly by higher tax bills.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/371734/issue-position-expanding-economic-opportunity/?search=tax%20cuts#.V0cNGnUrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “I am aggressively working to raise the income cap to between $350,000 and a million [...]” http://www.lohud.com/article/20100926/NEWS05/9260391/Democrats-lack-consensus-tax-cut-plan (www.lohud.com)
  • “Congresswoman Lowey also supports […] Making the income tax cuts enacted in 2001 and 2003, and extended in 2010, permanent for middle-class families” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/855023/issue-position-economic-recovery-and-reinvestment/?search=fair%20share#.V0cMInUrIfI (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Supported the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act to maintain states' sex-offender registries, mandate minimum sentences for crimes against children, and require states to check criminal history before placing children in foster homes” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1008207/issue-position-safe-and-secure-communities/?search=sentences#.V0cNTnUrIfI (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Supports creating a National Infrastructure Bank, which would provide loans and bonds to finance the rehabilitation and rebuilding of critical infrastructure assets” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/855023/issue-position-economic-recovery-and-reinvestment/?search=fair%20share#.V0cMjHUrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “Investments in our roads, bridges, broadband lines, power grids, and other critical infrastructure to create jobs and build for the future” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1007999/issue-position-economic-growth/?search=jobs#.V0cNnnUrIfI (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Lowey voted for tax cuts to help small businesses grow and create jobs. The Small Business Jobs and Credit Act, which Lowey supported, is providing over $12 billion in tax cuts to increase small business investments and create jobs” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1008216/issue-position-small-business#.V0cN3XUrIfI (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against H.R. 3 “Northern Route Approval Act” http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44082#.VAomPaCW1Kg (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “nvest in alternative energy sources like wind and solar, which will decrease usage of fossil fuels, create millions of green jobs, and reduce our dependence on foreign oil” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1008016/issue-position-environment/?search=solar#.V0cPWHUrIfI (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “In the absence of strong federal pollution standards, Congresswoman Lowey believes New York should be permitted to maintain tougher clean air standards to protect public health and the environment. She has also fought to prevent changes to the Clean Air Act that would weaken restrictions against the emission of mercury from coal plants that have proven hazardous to human and environmental health.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1008016/issue-position-environment/?search=solar#.V0cPWHUrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “Congresswoman Lowey has consistently opposed energy measures that would endanger the environment or perpetuate our dependence on fossil fuels.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/855029/issue-position-energy-independence/?search=solar#.V0cPu3UrIfI (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “We must stop the gun violence epidemic in the United States. The President is acting to prevent mass shootings and innocent loss of American lives, something the NRA-backed Republican majority in Congress refuses to do.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1055782/lowey-applauds-executive-actions-on-preventing-gun-violence#.V0cP9nUrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “Congresswoman Lowey believes individuals have the right to own firearms, but commonsense regulations are critical to keeping our community safe.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/855031/issue-position-safe-and-secure-communities#.V0cQHnUrIfI (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “The Affordable Care Act was passed by a majority of the House and a supermajority of the Senate, signed into law by the President, and upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court. Yet the majority continues to jeopardize the jobs and security of middle-class families in order to reverse the legitimate outcome.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/813306/lowey-statement-on-2014-continuing-resolution/?search=are%20act#.V0cQjXUrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “Rep. Nita Lowey is determined to provide every American with quality, affordable health care. She is a strong supporter of a universal health care system -- the ideal solution” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/371717 (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Nita Lowey voted in favor of H.R. 5281 “DREAM Act” http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/32984 (votesmart.org)
  • “Despite an emerging consensus in support of allowing law-abiding undocumented immigrants to live, work, and study without fear of deportation, the House majority would force these individuals back into the shadows. Enforcement policy that targets law-abiding individuals as aggressively as serious criminals does nothing to enhance public safety and national security. It is simply cruel and foolish.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/790095/price-and-lowey-slam-poison-pill-amendment-in-homeland-security-appropriations-act/?search=dream#.V0cRYXUrIfI (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “While today's decision is an important and historic victory, the fight for true equality will continue until all men and women have equal protection and are free to marry whomever they love, regardless of what state they call home.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/794426/congresswoman-nita-loweys-statement-on-the-supreme-courts-ruling-on-the-defense-of-marriage-act#.V0cRunUrIfI (votesmart.org)
  • “The Defense of Marriage Act must be overturned. It is time for marriage equality in America.” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/773297/congresswoman-nita-lowey-local-elected-officials-and-lgbt-advocates-call-for-supreme-court-to-overturn-the-defense-of-marriage-act#.V0cR73UrIfI (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Strongly opposing efforts to privatize Social Security” http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1008223/issue-position-seniors/?search=privat#.V0cSQnUrIfI (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2000 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support.
Xc) Abortions should always be legally available.
d) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
e) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
f) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
g) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
h) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion.
i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xj) Support "buffer-zones" by requiring demonstrators to stay at least five feet from abortion clinic doorways and driveways.
Xk) Provide funding for family planning programs as a means to decrease the number of abortions.
l) Other
Budgetary Priorities
Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories.
Slightly Decrease Fundinga) Agricultural
Slightly Increase Fundingb) Arts
Maintain Funding Statusc) Defense
Greatly Increase Fundingd) Education
Slightly Increase Fundinge) Environmental
Slightly Increase Fundingf) International aid
Maintain Funding Statusg) Law enforcement
Greatly Increase Fundingh) Medical Research
Slightly Decrease Fundingi) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Maintain Funding Statusj) National Parks
Slightly Increase Fundingk) Scientific Research
Maintain Funding Statusl) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
Maintain Funding Statusm) Welfare
n) Other
2) Would you support enforcing the spending limits agreed to in 1997 by the President and Congress to balance the budget?
Defense Spending
Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories.
Maintain Funding Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Decrease Fundingb) Covert intelligence operations
Maintain Funding Statusc) Defense plant conversion
Slightly Decrease Fundingd) Military hardware
Slightly Decrease Fundinge) Military space shuttle missions
Slightly Increase Fundingf) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Decrease Fundingg) National Missile Defense Program
Maintain Funding Statush) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Funding Statusi) Programs to improve military retention rates
Maintain Funding Statusj) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Funding Statusk) Troop and equipment readiness
l) Other
Budget Surplus
Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus.
Not a Prioritya) Defense
Medium Priorityb) Education
Low Priorityc) Federal debt reduction
High Priorityd) Medicare
Highest Prioritye) Social Security
Lowest Priorityf) Tax cuts
g) Other
Taxes
Indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories.
Income Taxes - Family Income
Eliminatea) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000 - $75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000 - $150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other
Income Taxes - Retiree Income
Slightly Decreasef) Over $40, 000
g) Other
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Greatly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
Eliminateg) Other

Marriage Penalty

Deductions/Credits
Maintain Statusa) Charitable deductions
Slightly Increaseb) Medical expense deductions
Maintain Statusc) Mortgage deductions
Slightly Increased) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasee) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increasef) Student loan tax credit
Greatly Increaseg) Other

College tuition

Taxes
No2) Do you support replacing the current U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
Yes3) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
Yes4) Would you cut taxes if there were an operating surplus?
No5) Would you cut taxes and use Social Security surpluses to supplement the difference?
6) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance issues.
Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for Congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xd) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xe) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
f) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
Xg) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
Xh) Make campaign spending limits mandatory for all federal candidates.
i) Remove all contribution limits on federal candidates and parties, but require complete and immediate disclosure via the Internet.
j) Require Congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Broaden the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xf) Increase penalties for crimes committed on school grounds.
Xg) Increase funding for community policing programs.
Xh) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
Xi) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
j) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
k) Prosecute as adults, youths accused of a felony.
l) Provide block grants to states for implementation of programs to combat juvenile crime.
m) Impose harsher penalties for youths convicted of violent offenses.
Xn) Support the use of "boot camps" as alternative sentencing for juvenile offenders.
Xo) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
p) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
c) Support capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
Xd) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
e) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xf) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
g) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
h) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education (K-12).
Xa) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
e) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xf) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit.
Xh) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
Xi) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xj) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
Xk) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
Xm) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
n) Eliminate federal financial aid for individuals convicted of drug offenses.
Xo) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xp) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
q) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xd) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
Xh) Provide tax credits for businesses that offer on-site child care.
i) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
Xj) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
k) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
l) The federal government should utilize merit and qualifications in making government contracting decisions.
m) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Waive environmental review requirements for grazing permits.
Xd) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
e) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
Xf) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xg) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
Xi) Strengthen logging restrictions on federal lands.
j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment.
k) Give states added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environment regulations.
l) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
Xa) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal guns.
Xh) Hold gun owners responsible for crimes committed with their guns by children age 16 and under.
Xi) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
Xj) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows.
Xk) Require a license for gun possession.
l) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education, and natural medicines and remedies.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xe) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
f) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
Xg) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.
h) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for purposes other than medical costs.
i) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xj) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
Xk) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Xl) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xm) Increase funding for AIDS programs.
n) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
Xc) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) to reduce the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance to six months.
Xd) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally.
Xg) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
h) Establish English as the official national language.
i) Support the separation of the INS into two bureaus: one administering naturalization and one administering border patrol.
j) Increase state autonomy in handling immigration issues.
k) Reimburse states for providing services to illegal aliens.
l) Other
International Aid
Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U.S. International Aid.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
Xc) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
f) Other
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq only through diplomatic means.
Xb) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted United Nations resolutions.
c) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
e) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
Xf) The U.S. should continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
g) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
Xa) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
Xd) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
e) Other
No3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
Yes4) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with China?
Yes5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Yes6) Should the US maintain ground troops in Kosovo?
Yes7) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to unfriendly nations?
No8) Do you support modifying the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty in order to deploy the National Missile Defense System?
Other
International Trade
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Yes5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Undecided6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation status) with the United States?
Yes7) Do you support normal trade relations (most favored nation status) with Vietnam?
8) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority in trade negotiations?
No9) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Do you believe there has been a decline in moral and ethical standards in America over the last four decades?
If Yes, please explain what you would do as a member of Congress to address this concern.

Violence and incivility occupy too prominent a place in our popular culture. It is important that parents be empowered to protect their children from objectionable messages and images. At the same time, we must encourage individual responsibility by promoting work, stable family relationships, and respect for our neighbors.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
g) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on incomes above $68,400 (which is currently exempt).
Xh) Support a lock box measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
i) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.
Xa) Continuing the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
Xc) Support on-line voter registration.
d) Support voting on-line.
e) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xf) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes such as hacking and Internet violence.
Xg) Support strong Internet privacy laws.
h) Regulating the Internet should not in any way be controlled by the federal government.
i) Other
NoDo you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
Xa) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
Xb) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
Xd) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
Xe) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
f) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
Xg) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
i) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based or other non-profit organizations.
j) Other
Please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

We must utitilze the federal budget surplus to protect and ensure the long-term solvency of Social Security and Medicare. We should also ensure that all children have access to a quality education by reducing class sizes, modernizing our schools, and making college tuition tax deductible. Finally, we must improve health care by passing a Patients' Bill of Rights, adopting a prescription drug benefit under Medicare, and increasing funds for biomedical research.

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